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1 5TATE ODDS AND ENDS.
Several Men Clandestinely Leave Camp
Collier, nml Itccruitln;: Aalu lie
Caj:i Coi.i.iku. LkxixGtos, Ky., May
0. If Capt. Kersey, of Company F,
Frankfort, and Capt Hardin, Company
IS, CynJhiana, can hold all llu-ir men
until Friday, the muster f the 2nd
regiment will be completed. It
was cxreetod that these two
companies would muster in Thurs
day slong with the Newport
company, but when roll was
tailed Thur.-day morning it was
found that about twenty men from the
two corns anies had skipped out. It
was then necessary to recruit. The
companies were filled up Thursday
j.fternoon, and Thursdaj- night a new
muster roll was being prepared. The
in. I will be the first regiment to move,
but whero, even Mustering Oftiecr Ual
lard does not know. His orders are to
instruct the war department as soon
as he has a regiment mustered.
Col. Gaither and other staff officers
of the second regiment will have their
physical examination Friday. Lieut.
CoL Whipple and AdjU William Collier
have already passid.
Will FiRht the Levy.
Fkankfokt, Ky., May 24. IIon.Law-r.-nee
Maxwell, of Cincinnati, filed a
suit in the district federal court here
Monday for the American Express Co,
Making to enjoin the state from col
lecting a tax on its corporate fran
chie. The grounds of the petition
are that the Kentucky law authorizing
such a tax on foreign corporations is
in violation of the regulations of inter
state commerce, and further that the
American Expre.-s Co. iias r.ot such
property or privilege in this state as
brings it within the purview of this
btatc and is therefore exempt.
One Killed In u Wri c'c.
Ki.iz.VitKTiiTOWX, Ky., May 24. At
1::;0 o'clock Monday morning, at Coles
burg, a disastrous collision occurred
lctween the second section of train
No. 10, on the L. ,fc N., and a hill en
gine. John Hanley, of Louisville, was
killed. Robert Clare, a Lrakeman, had
his right arm and nose broken. En
gineer C. II. Rae was scalded, but not
dangerousl Engineer Fitzpatrick
was badly bruised. Uoth engines were
badly damaged, one totally. The
track was blocked until 10 o'clock. A
track was built around the wreck and
trafli resumed at that hour.
Twelve-Year-Old li.rl l'.i.rtloncil.
FuAXKrouT. Ky., May 20. The sher
iff of Owsley county arrived here
Thursdaj in charge of Lou Emma
Chandler, a little 12-year-old girl, who
was sentenced to the penitentiary for
stealing. She- Is. an orphan, has had
no one to care for her and probably did
not know it was wrong to steak Some
of Frankfort's good women who saw
her brought the matter to Gov. ISrad
ley notice, and he promptly pardoned
the bright-eyed little thing.
Lorisvit.r.E, Ky., May 24. The So
cialist Trades and Labor alliance, of
this city, has addressed an appeal to
the workingraen not to drink any com
mon beer. This action is due to a con
llict between the common beer brew
eries and their employes. The latter
want better pay and shorter hours,
but so far the breweries lkave refused
Kentucky 1'ost master.
"Washington, May 24. The following
Kentucky postmaster were commis
sioned Monday: Cora, Anderson coun
ty. James T. Uttcrback; Cropper,
fchell.y county, Eliza O'ConnclI; Evarts,
Harlan county, 1!. F. Kelley; Farming
ton Graves eountj-, Harley Cloys; Hal
ley, Warren county, Mattie 15. Clausey;
l'iqua, Robertson county, E. U. Wells.
To Ilepay the Compliment.
Fkankfokt, Ky., May 24. Gov.
ISradley went to the gamps at Lexing
ton Tuesday and presented a Hag each
to the ISradley guards, of Frankfort,
and the ISradley rifles, of Lebanon,
Loth companies having been named in
his honor. The governor purchased
the Hags himself, and "made two pre
sentation speeches to the companies.
Broke Ills Leff.
Fkankfokt, Ky.. May 24. Fred IL
Roberts, the governor's private secre
tiry, slipped on the wooden steps at
the east end of the statehouse Monday
and fell, breaking his leg; at the ankle
joint. He suffered excruciating pain,
and the physicians fear he will be lame
A I'oshse iu I'ursuit.
PAnucAii, Ky., May 24. Mrs. Lee
Stanley, wife of a promirient farmer,
was assaulted five miles from this city
Ly a Negro. She was shot twice and
wounded twice with a butcher knife,
t-hc may die. A posse is scouring the
country and there will be a lynching
sure if the brute is caught.
Srcond KentreVty Kclment.
Washington, May 24. The Second
Kentucky regiment, CoL Creighton.
now at Lexington has been ordered to
Chickamauga and to start at once.
Mi'i;fl to Tampa.
Paris, Ky., May 24. Three car loads
of cavalry horses bought here by Capt,
Alishiret U. S. A., have been shipped
Gets a Life Sentence.
PiUKVii.r.E, Ky.. May 20. Joseph
Rranham, aged 10, was given a life
sentence for the murder of Mrs. Nancy
Dararon, aged 50, a widow, one month
ago. He narrowly escaped the death
Kan Down and Killed lly a Train.
Shkijivvii.i.e, Ky., May 2S. Richard
Bohannon, a well known farmer, was
run down and killed by a Southern
railwaj' train or trains some time Sat
urday night near Hemp Ridge station,
eight miles cast of this place. It is
presumed he went to sleep on the
Commission! at Frankfort.
Fkankfokt, Ky., May 19. The com
missions for the officers to be appoint
ed for Kentucky troops have arrived
n t the crovei nor's office. Gov. IJrad-
ley says he will issue no commis
sions, however, until the soldiers are
Drowned While Fishing.
1 PADCCAn, Ky., May 21. Albert Eeh-
koph, a travelinp; salesman and son ol
E. Behkoph. of this city, was drowned
Friday while fishing in the lake In
'Illinois opposite this city. Heart di
'ease attacked him suddenly and hi
fell out of his skif. . .
A Fight In Mallif, iwj., m Wlttch One Kan
Was r.i:ally Shot and Olhcrs Seri
Skkgknt, Ky.. Maj 21. Reliable
news from Mallic, a hanik-t in Knott
county, north of here, says that in a
general litrlit there between Jason.
Tom and Noah Craft, brother', oa t.ne
side and William and "Ku t' Justice on
the otlu r. Noah was fatal. y s.iot three
tim.s through ihe abdomen, awl Tom
and Jason loth received serious flesh
wi unds. The fight occurred at a
'blind tiger" kept by the Craft boys.
'Ruu-' Justice, aged only 17, did most
of the sliootinr.
It is hardly thought that Noah Craft
will survive the day. The Justice boys
were arreste 1 an i placid in the Knott
county jail at Hindm::n. The Craft
boys are well known throughout east
ern K ntucky. Moi2 than 50 shots
were lired in the battlj. yet the Justice
Loys never received a shot.
Kentucky Horse for the Cavalry.
Lkxington, Ky., May '-3. For the
cavalry, horses by the hundreds are
being purchased in Kentucky and
transported to Chattanooga and Tam
pa. Two partus of buyers, headed by
Capts. Aelshirc and Carson, have been
in Central Kentucky for a week past,
and tneir purchas s re present "about
500 head of geldings. Sunday Capt.
Carson and Lieut Blunt pmrchased and
W tided 103 head. These, together
with CO head purchased at Paris Satur
ua.y, will be shipped Monday to Chat
tanooga. Capt. Aelshirc and party
went to Louisville Sunday morning,
and Monday Capt. Carson and party
will go to Danville, where they will
continue to purchase horses. Capt.
Aelshirc, since April 20, has purchased
b00 horses and 1,200 mules.
IVI'.l Not Ui Until Wedncsd ly.
Cash' Coi.i.iek. Lkxington, Ky., May
23. Plans for the removal of the Sec
ond Kentucky regiment has again
been changed, and the troons will not
begin their march to the front till
Wednesdav morning. The change
was effected through the action of
Col. I aithcr and his oflicers in telc
graihing Gov. Bradley requcslinghim
to inform the war department that the
.Second could not be put in trim be
fore Tuesday evening, as the supply of
cars at the Q. & C. R. R. yards in Lex
ington was not sufficient to transport
Madisonvii.i.k, Ky., May 20. A
whole family were poisone"d Thursdaj
by drinking milk that had been stand
ing several hours in a tin can. Rufus
Parish, aged 22, is lying at the point
of death. Nettie, Florence and Maude
Parish, Ashley and Norah Brown and
their child are confined to their beds
suffering from the effects of the
poison. It is not thought that foul
play was attempted.
A Meroh intV Suicide.
Owkxsuoko, Ky., May 21. John C.
Hewitt, a prominent merchant, died
Friday from the effects of a dose of
opium taken Thursday morning with
suicidal intent. He was taken sudden
ly ill, supposedly with heart disease,
but at his 'death the poison was dis
covered. Djwitt had recently made
his will, sold his business and most of
his property. He was in excellent
Hurt It; a Kunuway.
Wjnciikstkk, Ky., May 20. James
Irvine. Mrs. Simon Shearer and Mrs.
Dora Thomas were thrown from a
buggy Thursday afternoon by the
horse attached tq the vehicle becoming
frightened at a passing freight train.
Mr. Irvine and Mrs. Shearer were bad
ly bruised and cut about the face and
Mrs. Thomas will probably die, her
skull being crushed.
Smallpox nt Hopkinsville.
Hopkinsvili.e, Ky., May 21. There
was excitement here Friday over sev
eral alleged cases of smallpox. Two
colored boys inftcted came here
Thursday niylit, and cases of small
pox well developed, were Teported
Friday. A pest house has been estab
lished and every precaution taken to
prevent the sp.rcad of the disease.
Drummed Out of Camp.
Cajii Collier, Lkxington, Ky., May
23. The evenc of Saturday was the
drumming out of cn3 of the guards
men from Hopkinsvillp, Ky., Edgar
Davis, because of his refusal to sign
the muster roll. Davis was called out
before the whole company and his be
longings were handed to him, after
which he was drummed out.
Itrcrulting at Hopklnsville.
HorKiNsviiXE, Ky., May 23. In re
sponse to a telearam received Sunday
frrra Lieut. R. C. Payne at Lexington,
having free transportation would be
furnished 20 recruits for the new Com
pany D, an answer was returned an
hour later saving that 14 had volun
teered, and that the 20 asked for would
be ready Monday night.
Ilurglurs at Madlionvl.le.
Madison vii.i.e, Ky., May 23. Burg
lars entered the residence of Prof.
Thad P. Smith Sunday morning, sccur
ing 25 and a gold watch. Guy Young,
aged seven years, fell from a stable
loft a distance of 16 feet, and was fa
The Courts Slay Settle the Dispute.
Fkankfokt, Ky., May 21. CoL John
11. Castleraan, Gen. Collier and several
legion officers had a conference with
Gov. Bradley Friday afternoon over
the dispute as to who shall control the
armory of the Louisville Legion now
that the legion has entered lincle
Sam's service. No agreement was
reached and legal proceedings may be
resorted to in the end.
Latham fght Guards DisDana.
Lkxington, Ky., May 20. The Hop.
kinsville company, known as the
Latham liirht guards, disbanded
Thursday night and most of the mem'
bers have returned home. The action
is the result of" Capt Feland bjing
dropped as captain by the state au
thorities. New Kentucky Post Oiflcea.
Washington, May 2L Post office:
have been established as follows in
Kentucky: Bellvvood, Nelson county.
John S. Smith; Qex. Gallatin county,
Thomas Mylor, and Rudicill, Jessamine
county, Jeremiah Rudicill.
PmaaNUBI AN TEA cares Dynpep
sTKIWW v 6ia, Constipation and Indi
gestion. Ecguktcs the Liver. Price, 25 eta.
c n ii p a ti n m a i nniiiMM
$L UUUn I I u li n L ij u u u in ii.
Y Conducted by D. S. Gowen
mv hgtiiikment from the principal-
Inasmuch as my career as teacher in
this school is about at an end, I think
it proper to make a review of my work
that tlio people may k low what I have
done; and also, I shall mention before
I finish this article, some of the things
that lead to my retirement.
As you will rem?mb2r, I came here
three years ago to organize and take
charge of the Graded School. The pu
pils were from many different schools,
very few had ever worked together,
many had never worked at all; there
was no sort of regularity in their gra
ding some were three years further
behind in some- studies than in others
I had to take all this raw material
and make a school of it. Do you im
agine it was au easy task? 1 say un
hesitatingly that I have done three
years of the hardest work of my life,
getting the school in good shape,
laying the foundation, and really the
foundation is not more than laid, for
what is three years in the life of a.
The first and most important lesson
I had to teach, was this, you must
work; and it was a hard task. By
careful estimate, the time I have giv
en, out of &chool hours, to pupils who
had to have it or fall behind, and
time of course that I got not a csnt
for will amount to three and one half,
if not four months, (and some of the
other teachers cm say the sum?.)
There was no discipline at all when
I began. The first week I was here, I
left my room to visit another, and
expected the pupils to behave in my
absence; but when I came back, my
room was in a perfect uproar a regu
lar pandemonium only three, 1 think,
out of forty, who were not misbehav
ing. I speak of this to show the utter
lack of discipline at firit.
Now, I have pupils much younger,
and hence more likely to misbehave in
tha absenc3 of a teacher; but when I
leave them to visit other rooms, I nev
er have sudh a scene as the one I de
scribed; 1 trust them, and they prove
themselves worthy of trust,
Some individual tnemb3rs may have
taken advantage when I have been
out oi the room, but as a class or
gradev sever. I have returned to my
room at all unexpected times (not to
spy I never do that); the other teach
ers have come in to see rae, not know'
ing I was out, and visitors have come
in nnder similar circumstances, and
the pupils have always been found be
having, behaving because they
thought it right, not because of any
threat from me. This is my kind of
discipline, the kind that reaches the
heart, the conscience, and takes hold
of the life, and controls it; but if I
can't reach a pupil this way, I will
some other, he must behave, no mat
ter who he is; I will not make distinc
tions, I don't believe in having an
aristoaracy in school. "Treat all
alike," ts my motto; whether rich or
poor, high or low, makes no difference
tome. My head went off once for car
rying out this policy, but I continue
to fp'.low the same plan, even at the
risk of losing my head again,
When I came here I found the walls
literally covered with names Written
with,pncil and charcoal. These were
all hid when the walls were papered;
and if there is one now on any of the
walls, written since I have been here,
I can't find it.
The desks by actual count showed
over qne thousand cut places names,
and so on. During my administration
only two have been cut, and both of
these soon after I began.
Hundreds ana hundreds of names
were written, and scars were made on
the pianos with nails and hairpins; not
one has been done during my stay.
The attendance, when I bean was
something fearful. I have been told
that pupils used to loaf around town
instead of being at their recitations.
Such a tiling has occurred only a few
times duridg my administration, and
in every case but one, parents have
written me that it was with their per
The attendance in my room the first
term, was about 70 per cant This
year, omitting the weeks of "scarlet
fever scare;" my room, whiah has thir
ty pupils, has averaged about 97 per
cent some months it has gone to 99,
and only once, below 95,
The whole school has frequently av
eraged 91. Our average for all the
months this year, including the weeks
of fever scape, will of course fall much
lower than these, figures, for you re
member we have had three fever
scares, one of mumpi, one of vaccina
t:on; and some of them have .cut us
down one-half, for a week or more,
Not a school whose report comes to me
Louisville, St Louis, Nashville,
Chattanooga, Philadelphia, can equal
us on regularity this year, in months
free from the scares mentioned.
Some criticisms have been made be
ctuse we have not more grown pupils.
If grown pupils don't want to work
what do yon want with them? Do
they Help the school? No, they hurt
it Som people like to boast of a big
number "quantity, not quality,
tneir motto. . Is a church any better
because large? If you increase the
membership of a church by taking in
swearers, usurers, extortioners, card'
players, dan cars, drinkers or gamblers
is it anything to brag about?
Just so with a school; if you get in
material not suitable to make a school
pupils without ambition, out of sym
pathy with the school, and only come
for fuD.is it any credit to the teach
er. No, bnta discredit; for if the
teac'jer ofeeshisdaty, it will get too
hot for such pupjils and they will stop. ;
Out of the forty- in my grade at first,
less than twenty made it through for
the second year.' I made them work,
they didn't like work very well, so
they stopped. Was that any fault of
miue? Some seem to think so.
This j'car, out of thirty in my room,
only one has stopped, and that was
because his family moved away.
Now as to the school work done,
my class nas tins year reau nearly
three hundred, pages of latin, whereas
the first year they read something
over a hundred. Besides readiug near
ly three times as much, they have read
it about five times-as well as they did
at first; and the other work has been
f ully as good, and some even better.
Believing that the education of the
heart 'is more important than that of
the head, we havj not stopiped with
teaching the ordinary branches those
prescribed by law but we have put
the very best literature into the hands
of the pupils; the expense of all this
has bsen borne by us, mainly; but it
would not be right for me not to give
proper credit to that noble band of
women, the W. C. T. U.'s; when I laid
before them my plan of educating the
young instead of the old, on the tem
perance question, they generously
contributed a nice little sum (and so
did one man) with which I purchased
a goodly number of books on tempsr
ance, and also on kindness to animals,
besides subscribing for a dozjn or
more copies of papers on these lines.
Many, even of our younger pupils
have read more than a dozen books
If we can cultivate in boys a taste
for good reading, then loafing with all
its attendant evils will not bo so com
When I first took charge, nearly all
the upper half of the school had that
old false idea that pupils and teachers
must be enemies. That has bzon one
of the hardest things we have had to
overcome, and we have not overcome
it fully yet We still have a few pu
pils who will not allow us to be their
friends, and they will not be ours; but
it is qot one fiftieth part as bad as at
But why have I said all this? Simply
self-defense. How self-defence?
Why, this way : My services are not
desired any longer by the trustees, and
of course there must be some reason
for it One would think that perhaps
I had not done my duty, that my work
was not satisfactory. Therefore, I
have given you some facts, that you
may draw your own conclusions as to
tho merit or demerit of my work.
But some one may object that I Say
these things o:' n.yself and of course
show them up to my own advantage;
let those who object, show them up to
their advantage; where will they get
During the three years of my princi-
palship, only one trustee has ever
heard me conduct a recitation, and he
heard me only once; another came to
see me on business, and got in about
one minute before I closed a recitation,
and heard me that long. If they think
they have heard me more than that,
their memory is at fault
What is true of my room, is also true
of most of the other room'. One of
the teachers has never been heard a
single minute, and another, not over
five minutes, so they tell me. Still
other rooms report to me about three
visits of five or tea minutes each, by
one trustee, none by the others.
What I mean by visiting, is listening
to the teacher conduct a recitation,
not merely going into a room, as for
instance, to be out at chapel exercises
or to make a talk, or read to the pu
pils, either by invitation, or without
JJbw, I'm willing to leave it to a sen
sible public, whether, the board can
know anything of our work, except
from "hearsay," when only one trus
tee has ever heard us; and he only
once, in three years.
In civil or criminal law, do they con
demn a man on ' 'hearsay"? Then why
But where, pray, does the hearsay
come from? From the patrons the
masses? From the pupils? If so, what
pupils, the good, industrious, obedi
ent pupils, or those who have got into
If they would come and see my work
for themselves, and then tell me it
was a failure, I could see some excuse
for their course, but I wouldn't be
lieve a word of what they say, for I
have taught in the same school with
men from the best schools in the coun
tryUniversity of Alabama, Union
University, Chicago, Johns Hopkins,
and German Universities, and they
didn't consider my wor'.c a failure. Do
you suppose then that I would feel
bad for a board of trustees to call me
a failue? No; not even if thev should
so decide after careful inspection of
Then should I, when they condemn
without any inspection?
I believe all will agree that there
must be something else. Perhaps I
have not been a goo 1 citizen. It can't
be religious prejudice, for I'm to'.d
that the only two who are for me, are
not members of the same church I'm a
Unfortunatelv, I have incurred the
displeasure of some of the trustees of
course they should not, because of per
sonal prejudice or dislike, take out
their spite in an official way this
point is emphasized by all writers on
the subj ?ct, Chancellor Payne, Geo.
William Bruce and others. But it is
sometimes done. I know of one board
that got offended with- a principal be
ciuse he treated their children like
'the rest, and they saTd that in order to
get rid of him, they were- willing to
sacrifice the whole fcculty. When an
outraged public presented a petition
signed by nine-tenths of the patrons,
ahking the board to respect the wishes
of the people and retain the teachers,
the board replied, "We will go on in
this matter if every man, woman and
child in the county signs the petition."
'lhis naturally calls up the question as
to whether trustees arc servants of the
peopile, or bosses.
I do not make the cnargo that my
board arj letting private, personal
prejudices interfere with tlio Jaithful
discnarge of pubhe duties; but per
tiaps, because of tneir dislike to me,
they have imagined that I'm not a
goud teucner. It i possible, you kiiow,
if one dislikes u sliue-uiaker, to tuiuk
tie can t make as good shoes as he uuce
1 know positively that one member
thinks 1 can't run a school, tor lie told
me so, to my lace.
On the othtsr hand, however, one
who is said to be against m thinks 1
can teucii, for lie recoimtieuiied me
lily ttiu otlier day tu a man wno
was sxieuing a teacner, and inu too,
after taking sides against me.
Another who is known to be against
me, tol i me himself, tuat his boy hud
learned more under mo than any teu-
cuer he ever went to.
One of the board said to a teacher a
few days alter their action, '-he
board will give you teachers any sort
of recommendations you want."
1 say nothing against them person
ally; the presumption is they are all
good men, one of them said to me
that there could not be lound iu the
town, six other men as good as they
are. But as officials, tneir acts are
public property, ana should be opien to
the puoiic gazi. They-can have no
objection if 1 speak of tneir course to
ward me, their teacher.
To begin with, when I first came
here, 1 was called into an otlice and
toiu mat tiie board intended to nolu a
very liirut rem ove. the laculty; tnat
1 must not allow ttie art teacher and
music teacher to bi in laculty meet
ing ; that wnen the pupils were out
lor recess, 1 would have to let the jan
itor ring me oell, and give the pupil
three miuutes to get in (out that isn't
prompt enough lor me, 1 get them in
in oue minute); also that x could put
about seven pupils to the bo-rd and
let the rest wuien the work; and that
1 must not assign lessons so iou-' that
only the brightest ones could learn
tnem, nor so short as to be just right
lor the slowest ones, lor then the
quick ones would not have enough to
What do you think of this as a start
er How uo you suppose it sounded
to a man who had been teaching for
ten years? How much of it was by
order of the board, and how much was
individual advice, 1 do not know.
But the board did send me this word
by its chairman that 1 must not take
imo consideration the testimony of
my wife, in any case ot discipline; ior
1 would naturally bjlieve her before
any one else, and so oue would feel
sure that no pupil against whom mv
vi:e might testily, could possibly get
justico at mv hands, liow does this
sound to you? It sounds this wtiy
to me that my wile might bear, false
witness, or might honestly be mistak
en, and in eitner case, I wouldn't have
sense enough to sift the matter and
get the truth, or would be so biased
because my wile said so aud so, that 1
would decide agaiust the pupil regard
less ot the tru in either ol which 13
far from complimentary; and there is
not a possible construction to bj put
opon it that isn't bad.
1 venture the assertion that no other
teacher in America, or the world, was
ever treated so. However, I showed
no ill feeling toward them lor it, for a
man who knew of their action said to
me, ''They have never ha t any experi
ence, and don't know any better,'' and
so 1 excused it
Again, a committee was sent to me,
to ten me that I ought to invite the
preachers of the ditterent caurches to
come up and oma scaool for me.
Doesn't, that sound to you as it they
thought I diiu't have judgment
enough to uo it? MeiJ, for a whole
year 1 had been doing that verv thinir
but unfortunately, the board had
neglected to take enough notice of the
school to know what 1 was doing.
When I insisted that we must have
firm discipline, tnat we coulu not a.-
lorU to toierate those whose influence
was ruining other pupils, and denur-
auzmg the whole scuool, I was toll
inut there would always be bad bovs.
But must they always be allowed in
school where they can ruin so many
others? My theory is, if the hand be
gins to mortify or gangrene, better
cut it on than to contaminate the
By another. I was given to under
stand that I shouldn't take it upon
myself to make all the world do right
No, but 1 mean to make my part of it
Ana again it was said that we
eomda'tdo here like they do at other
places. v ny not; t wouder?
One member said to me, that if 1
was mad at him he diln't want me
to .take out my spite on his children
Is any gentleman expected to do such
In a certain case of discipline, one
memuer wno perhaps spoke lor him
self and not by authority of the board.
asked me to be as easy as possible on
tifij pupil offending, because he was
tne sou 01 a trustee. Ought I to do so'.
Soon after school first started, two
Qt the members came up and stopped
my work that they mijrht make speech
es to the pupils; and the worst of it
was, their speeches showed that thev
thought I couldn't "nold the pupils
uuivu wiiuoui meir neip.
What does tha community think
about, my ability to hold them down?
1 want to say rr'ht here, that what
ever success I may have had in main
taining good discipline, has b.en, not
oy aid 01 the board, but in spite ot it
for every single time thevh ava had
anything to do with a case of disci p
line, they have weakened my author
They of course don't think so, but I
da it they had stood by me hrmly
and refused to allow two or three to
come back, there would not have been
any more to send away. But to allow
every one to come bacc who says, "I'll
promise to behave." destroys discip
line; for boyfhave gone through the
form of making that promise, when
they had no notion of keeping it,
when they showed no signs of repent
ance, when they showed no sort of
respect for the board while up be lore
it; and then they have come back with
a much worse spirit, and have behav
ed twice as badly as at nrst
My plan Js to be sure they are in the
right frame of mind bafore they come
back, ibis was never done. On the
other hand, most of the pupils 'have
come back, knowing that the board
-had- said I was wrong. Grant that I
was wrong, is it proper for them as
good trustees to talk about it publicly
especially bifore the piupils con
cerned? Of course they think I was too se
vere in my discipline. I would be
willing to put my course and the
ooard's before any committee of teach
ers on earth, who have a reputation as
disciplinarians, aud I would not fc.tr
How many of my trustees read books
on education, or educational journals,
either' those designed for teachers or
those designed for trustees, I do not
know. 1 make it my business to do
all three of these. Especially in my
"trustee's journal," which gives the
dealings of boards all over the United
States, I find condemnation ot the very
things my board has done. If it is
right, my board is wrong; if the board
is right, not only am I wrong, but so
are all the school men of the country.
I spoke of two members stopping the
wont to make a speech. Later on oue
of them did that quite frequently in
different roams, not only without my
nvitation, but without my knowledge
At the end of the first year a mem
ber came to me, saying he had been
sent by the board to onfer with m3
n regard to staving, this is h.s c.os-
ingsentence "You can think over the
matter, and if you want the place for
the next year you cm report to me,
and I'll put the matter befere the
I know this, oar janitor is the only
one who was not asici to submit to
Well, they rescinded their action,
thus saying they were wrong. But
this year they issue the same orders,
knowtng at the same time that most
of us had said wc could not, and would
not sacrifice what we considered our
independence, our self-respect, by ap
plying. Last ye.ir, one who stood boldly
agaist the motian requiring written
applications, siying it was not the
way to treat teachers, is understood to
be in favor of it this year. If wrong
then, is it not wrong now?
If nothing was intended by the mo
tion but an open, square business deal,
why go to some of the teachers after
sending them this notice, and tell
them it would be safe for tiik.u to ap
ply? Wouldn't justice demand that
they come to the rest of us and say it
would not be safe f jr us to apply?
Some say "(!o on and apply, if that
will do them any good, if it will make
them feel big, to be looked up to, to
be fawned upon."
But do you think we would be elect
ed, if we should apply? Of course not,
otherwise why such secrecy why do
they refuse t answer when asked the
pointed qu-estion. "Will they be elect
ed if they apply?"
A "way-faring man" can see through
the whole plan.
It they didn't want us, why not have
board, and we'll see what about it" I the courage to say so'.'Or why not keep
Also lie said to me that he thought j silent altogether we would under-
therc would be no change in the fac
ulty, unless it was the principal.
1 told some of the members that the
matter hadn't come in the right way;
that I had been here a year, and they
ought to know whether they wanted
me again if so, they ought to say so.
1 hey said that was what they inten
ded to do; so in a few days another
member came and told me the board
wanted to know if I woul I teach for
them again. I liked that better and
so agreed to stav.
Last year, word came to me that if I
wanted the place I must put in a writ
ten application, and so wit 1 t le other
teachers. We answered t at it seem
ed to us an unnecessary h.i niliation
not imposed upon a single servant in
this town. It you want vonr cook lor
another year, do you require her to
make ".ormal application in writing?
or ask for it in any way? Don't you
ask her to stay, if you mean to hire
Why try to get us to humiliate our
selves by apalying, and then suffer a
second humiliation by being rejected.
Furthermore, it m'ght mlie some
teacher miss a pomioi elsewhere, de
pen ling on this, and then miss this;
at least one teacher has already let a
place go bv, a better place than this.
Is it right? I say these things, not in
a spirit of revenge (for God being my
he!p2r, I mean ever to keep the canker
of revencre from feeding on my heart),
but I think my duty to myself and to
the community demands that I say
I desire to siy in closing, that two
of the trustees have never had any
thing against rae personally, so far as
I know, I have regarded them as
among my best friends: and if they
have not been friends officially, I don't
B. S. KoweX.
May 2C, 1S3S.
Mra Mill westmen! Co
OF LEXINGTON, KY.
PLAN LIFE INSURANCE REVERSED.
$97,000.00 Paid inMaturies.
$36,00000 Reserve and Surplus.
Coupons Eedeemed April, 1898.
. '26 M
J II Nelson, Baltimore, Md
George V. Hines, Winlleld, Tenn
Cowgill & Spenecr. Lexington, Ky..
I'erry Crosihwulr, Lexington, Ky ..
J. M. & John Skain Lexington, Ky
Margaret Johuson, Louisville. Ky..
Mollio Simpson, Lexlugron, Ky -JO. 00
Dr. H. V. Cox, Harrotlslmrg, Ky iVfl
U. F. Johnson, Baltimore. Md 21..V)
Dr. V K Bannister, Lexington, Ky iV(
Ross & Harrington, Falmouth, Ky 21.50
D B Good.'Lexington, Ky 21 JO
Dr A I' Taylor, Lexington. Ky SUM
L Dowling, Burgin, Ky i.V)
JohnC Hedges, Lexlugton, Ky 2'.J0
E S Rarlck, NIcholasviHe, Ky
J H Baker, Lexington, Ly 13.30
A J Taylor, Lexington, Ky 22.30
George Copeland. Lexington, Ky 22.30
Catherine Lung. Louisville, Ky l'J,50
L U Milvvard, Lexington. Ky 1.1.30
Miss Annie Knoble, Lexington, Ky 20.30
J ai & John Skain, .Lexington, Ky 17.30
C Y Freemon. Lexington Ky 19.30
J M & John Skain, Lexington, Ky ; 17.30
A S Bowman, Lexington. Ky is.30
Sarah Short, Sacramento, Cal 1S.50
Mrs C X Evaus, Cincinnati, O 1C.30
Susan Brown, Lexington, Ky 15.30
Joseph Zirnfelt, Louisxllle, Ky ' 13.30
Mrs Mary Golden, Lexington, Ky 15,0
Lafon Kiker, Harrodsburg, Ky 15.30
W H Kord. Lexington, Ky U.30
W II Ford, Lexington. Ky 11 M)
W II Ford. Lexington, Ky 1 :0
II L Stevens, Lexington, Ky 11.50
F II Norton, Lexington, Ky 1 1.30
B R Adkins, Lexlugion, Ky 1S.30
E L Hamii, Lexlugton, Ky , 11.50
Maggie Smith, Lexington, Ky 11 JO
Mrs M G Hutchinson, Lexington, Ky 12 30
J D I'urcell, Lexlugton, Ky ri30
J D I'urcell, cLxington, Ky 12.50
R B Butler, Harrodsburg, Ky 11.50
Edward Woodford, N Middleton, Ky 10 50
Emll Ithardt, Nieholasville. Ky 1030
Allen B Hawkins, Lexington, Ky 8J0
M N Peacock, Georgetown, Ky 10.30
W L Richmond, Lexington, Ky 10-50
Ed Lally, Lexingtoa, Ky 10JO
Dr. II. B. Cassedy, Le Grange, Ky 9 5)
William Watson, Louisville, Ky
O S Williams, Burgin, Ky
J C Thompson, Lancaster, Ky
Kate S Brown, Lexington, Ky
Kate S Brown, Lexington, Ky
Kate S Brown, Lexington, Ky
Katie M Feenv, Lexington, Ky..
George G Curl, Georseton, Ky 8.50
R T Collins, Georgetown, Ky "Jo
Harry McCarty, Nieholasville, Ky 7J0
McFerran Crow, Versailles, Ky 8J0
Sbookum Gulch Pool, Lexington, 8J0
Shookum Gulch Pool. Lexington, Ky S.50
Shookum Gulch Pool. Lexington. Ky 8J0
Shookum Gulch Pool, Lexington. Ky 8J0
Shookum Gulch Pool, Lexington, Ky '. 8 JO
Shookum Gulch Pool, Lexington, Ky 8J0
Shookum Gnlch Pool, Lexington, Ky s 50
J C Thompson, Lancaster, Ky SJO
Miss Theo Hemphill, Lancaster, Ky 8J0
Milton Johnson, Maysville, Ky 8.50
John T Shelby, Lexington, Ky 8J0
John U Allen, Lexington, Ky 6 JO
John R Allen, Lexington, Ky 6J0
W W Quinn, Nieholasville, Ky 6J0
S V Fry. Lexington. Ky : CJO
Geo W Fltjtgerland, Georgetown, Ky CJO
J H Baker, Levlngton, Ky CJO
J II Baker, Lexington, Kv ; r,ja
J H Baker, Lexington, Ky cjO
Johnson & Nelson, Baltimore, Md c 50
John Lowry, Newport News, Va . cjO
A. F. Campbell, Fortress Monroe, Va c JO
Wm H Arringdale, Newport News, Va gJO
D B Good, Lexington, Ky i6M
White estate, Lexington, Ky
Good & Co., Lexington. Ky ;-.
A I Marshall Lexington, Ky 42J0
Dr David Bennett, Lexington, Ky 46J0
W D Finch, Danville, Ky !!!!"!!!"" 43J0
W D Finch, Danville, Ky .'.'"'. 43J)
A L Marshall, Lexington, Ky 40J0
Lnlle Bible, Louisville, Ky i "".""...".'.."."..".!.".". 42 50
D B Good, Lexington, Ky '."".r.. ...".V....V..V.V." 45J0
Johnson, Nelson, & Co., Lexington, Ky. i:'.7&T.-. .188.8.131.52 44 JO
Profits over cost ;
A. SMITH BOWMAN, Secretary