Newspaper Page Text
.THE BRBCKENRIDQE NEWS, CLOVERPOXT, KENTUCKY
JANUARY 10, lfltl
U. S. FORCES ON
RHINE TO BE CUT
Reduced to 8,000; Return of
7,000 is Already Under Way.
U. S. Ambassador to
Washington, Jan. IS. Reduction of
the American forces of occupation in
Germany from 13,000 to 8.000 lias
been ordcrcdhy the War Department.
Sec. Hakcr wrote today to Rprcscn
tative Byrnes of South Carolina that
the reduction already was under way
He added that the ultimate with
drawal of the entire force was a
matter for future consideration.
GETTING A GOOD
START EVERY DAY
Red-Blooded Men and Women
Are Up and Doing Bright
Good AdUce on Treatment of 'HOTELS MUST USE
" Wildfire 'and Other Tobacco Diseases piTRg SFF
FREE YOUR BLOOD
Take Pepto-Mangan, the Fa
mous Blood Tonic Prescribed
by Physicians for 30 Years.
(Note The following article is tak
en1 from Tobacco, a journal of the
trade published in New York. It deals
with the diseases of tahocco, especial
ly of wildfire and angular-spot, which
made inroads into all crops grown
this year )
Losses from tobacco disease have
been especially severe during the past
four seasons. The greater part of
these losses have been due to two
set down as a rule with few exceptions
that the presence of cither disease in
the field indicates its presence in (he
A careful inspection is often nec
essary to show the presence or dis
ease in the bed. This is particularly
true of angular-spot, as the spots here
arc small and rather inconspicuous.
They arc seen most easily at about
List ...of ...Resor.ts ...Complying
With Board's Order Will Be
Resorts throughout Kentucky will
not be given permits o open up next
season or, in the case of those which
the time of transplanting. The disease arc open the year around to continue
!......... &l.i:l.A.l :.. 11.. I..1.1 1. . ' iia HM f It a tlrlMMiltrr itn na
tel ! -'ifS In IpJL ?.,.! f w,r, '" of liscascd Pats frol the J that they use is .absolutely safe, tin
nrn ,r, rnSrl 1 1, l"l The chances for rapid spread and ' less they have an adequate system
arc particularly troublesome in vt . ,nfcction , ...' ficI( ncrcasc for the disposal of scwaKc. and un-
scasous. in t nc Virginia
crop report .. , . ... .. ..t..., i, i,: 1.J.-1,-.,. .,.i .i:..:.,,.
flip fnrp'T?! IJUrtUlllUK1- UI UI3L,tni:u Jllilllin . 'a.i uivn ivitviiwiiii imu uiuiiiii-iuuiiis
shows a decrease of suso.ooo oomids s '" l ,c. c"f'""s' . ..
1 111; JIIWIlllll WI VUIUIUI VV.II, Vfll
Sluggish blood clyggcd with pois
ons make you la.v S'ou never feci
1:1... ....:.. .... :.. .i ...:.... a...i' c . , ,.. ., ... ..
imu Kt-miiK i' in int inui iiiiik. .riiiu ni in nacco ourinir iic nimiiii oi ..ntr- . . . ..... . . . ,
The cost of operating the force of when you do get up. you miss that I Ust due to damage attributed to the V1 J ,"' .J ' ,," "i,"" f ic :
13.000 was approximately r.i.ooo a teeimg ot rctrcshing rest. on leci continued wet weather. Tin: greater
i part ot this loss is undonblc.liv due
day, Mr Hakcr said, but under terms
of the armistice uerinany must pay
the maintenance costs.
Paris, Jan. 12 Hugh C Wallace.
United States Ambassador to France,
formallv withdrew from the Council
of Ambassadors at today's session of eyes bright and clear; you would feel
that body, presenting to his collea- the warm tingle of good health,
irncs the instructions of his Govern- Look to your blood if you have
more tired than when you went to
bed. After a good night's sleep you
should get up with a spring, feeling
alive, renewed, refreshed.
And you would, too. if your blood
were full of red corpusccls. Your
complexion would look fresh, your
ment to cease participating
work of the Council
He pointed out that in view of the
fact that the United States had fail
ed to ratify the treaty of Versailles
there was no further occasion for
American participation in the deliber
ation of the Council. He expressed his
personal regrets at having to with
draw and Jules Caiubou expressed
the regrets of the Ambassadors.
to the two diseases mentioned. They
are not caused by wet weather, but
like many other diseases spread and
develop more rapidly during wet soa
These two diseases, although quite
similar in their general effect on the
tobacco leaf arc distinct and produce
different kinds of snots. Farmers as
from disease the chances ot loss in
the field arc slight. Once the disease,
is established m the held there is lit
tle or nothing that can be done to
check its spread. ,
Infection in the seed bed usually
comes from one of three sources: the
seed, the cover, or the soil. Of these
the seed is undoubtedly the most com
mon and important source. Both dis-
arc .screened against flics.
Notice to this effect will be form
ally given all the resorts of the State
by Dr. A. T. McCormack, State
Health Officer. Louisville, and later
in the year Dr. J. I. Whittcnbcrg,
State Sanitary Inspector, will visit
the resorts to sec that they have made
or arc making plans to comply with
This action was taken by the State
Board of Health after Dr. McCor
mack had received a letter from1 the
WHAT ONE WIDE
AWAKE FARM BU
the that lazy, heavy feeling in the mom-1 a rule do not distinguish between
nig. Hegin taking rcpto-.uangan the
ideal tonic It has blood-building pro
perties that pick you up and give you
Pepto-Mangan is widely and heart
ily endorsed by physicians. It is ef-
them. until the differences have been
pointed out to them and they general
ly call both wildfire, blacklirc, or
some similar name A comparison of
the two illustrations will show the
chief differences in the appearance of
. . . . . i -... ....-. .
cases occur on seed where selected. y Mcaitn umccr at Cincinnati in
from plants entirely free from dis-1 forming him that every one of the
ease there would be no danger of in- seven members of a family which
fection from this source. Unfortun- spent last summer at a Kentucky re
ately, the diseases arc now so general sort had had typhoid fever,
that it is difficult to find disease free The water supply of the resort was
fcctive and easy to take. It is pre- tin- itvn nnis at n frl.ii.ri Tim mimi
pared in both liquid and tablet form. , Jar-snot is irregular or angular, while
Both have the same medicinal properties.
Sold at any drug store. But be sure
the wildfire snot is found and is bor
dered by a pale green or yellow halo.
Annular-spot is not so angular in
BLAZING ENGINE RAN AWAY ymi K?t..,,,.e Ke'u,i".c Pcpto-Mangan 'shape, when found on heavy tobacco, ,lsea.se '"faction may be mtroduci
diH.iiiu cmunvc HMIM HWHT ''Cmle's." Ask for it by the full name h,ut' cvcr j,as thc halo which is b-v hc c,0,th ,cover or the S011- ,Ne
dab fn Flames Following Explosion
Which Caused Engineer to Jump.
With tlit? coniluctiir Mini pnveugors
unnwnrt' t lint the de-erted olivine was
allnnie with the throttle wide open,
residents nlong the .Yew I'nrk .Sc Fawn
Grove railroad, hi Pennsylvania, .it
nessed n thrilling runaway of n passen
As tin t i-ii in wiix approaching Slew
!irltnwn, I'ii.. Ilrenian Lewis Hose
burg began -1mi t'lliir cum I in lie Mr
box. An explosion hurled him back
on the nuil. In nn lu-tnni Ihe iiil was
in Humes Mini lie mid Hie engineer.
Charles llealiili. were compelled lo
Jump. The Inner was severely burned
in iitteiiiitlug to shut off the tlnniilo
At Siewnristoun ii engine n to
liave elmiigeil to lake the train to .New
Freedom. I'a. Jacob Itlder. engineer
of the walling engine, was altracied
hi the Jinnies which spread out ten
feet from ihe call of the approaching
William Itlder. sM r Kuginecr
Itlder, was wlili his fnllier nnd. as
the blazing engine with its ear roared
past,' he leaped and caught a passen
ger coach, applied the emergency
brakes and then mid Conductor Wil
liam Duncan of the peril his train
was facing. The runaway hik brought
to a slop andihellaines extinguished.
THE BIG 4
Keep the vital organs healthy by
regularly taking the world's stand
ard" remedy for kidney, liver,
bladder and uric acid troubles
and be sure the full name, "Glide's
I'epto-Mangan," is on the package
THIS "ANGEL" WAS A KITE
But Superstitious Railroad Man Who
Shot It Down Was Certainly
Scared for a Time.
"The shunting," says a Texas mini
"occurred some years ago on the Pun
handle branch of the Santa Fe. and
the hero of the tale was a superstition
engineer who believed In 'warnings.'
"One night he was rolling along at
a good speed, when lie saw a clear,
white light, like a will-o'-tlie-wlsp.
dancing over Ihe track a few hundred
feet in front. He shut off steam and
fields, and 'the selection of disease
free seed is thereby possible in only
an occasionally field. Seed treatment
is therefore necessary to 'insure a
gainst introduction of the disease into
the bed on the seed.
Even though the seed he free from
disease, infection may be introduced
to the seed, thc cover seems to be of
most importance. If an old cover, that
has been used on an infected bed the
previous year, is employed it is quite
probable that some of thc disease bac
tctia will be retained on it, and serve
as a source 6f infection for the new
i crop. v
Although it has not been proved
that tlie bacteria can live over m the
that it had
it was discovered
springs, one above j drive.
They Are of In-estimable Val
ue to Farmers and Country
Life. Example Illustrated
(Short-horn World )
Do you good people who read the
Short-horn World fully realize the
vast amount of wonderful work being
done by farm bureaus and enterpris
ing county agents? This new organ
ization spirit in country life is a fac
tor of such greatness that it is hard
to estimate its value. Here in brief is
the record of one busy bunch, that of
Hamlin County. S, D. The brief re
port is vibrant with intelligent indus
try. Men and women, hoys and girls,
we are facing new times and new op
portunities, when so much good work
is done during one year in one coun
1. Joined the State Federation of
2. Increased its membership from
240 members to 7.10.
.1. Was the first farm bureau suc
cessfully to complete a membership
the hotel and one below it," the upper
one perfectly sate, but thc lower one
contaminated by a leak from a sewer.
Inquiry brought to light the fact that
the seven people who had been ill
with typhoid fever all had used water
from thc lower spring.'
characteristic of wildfire. Both spots
enlarge rapidly, and the leaf tissues
involved is killed, browns and dries
up or rots out in wet weather. Affect
ed leaves are sometimes completely
ruined and although thc leaf may
still be marketable, there is a consid
erable loss in weight and grade.
Although both diseases occur to
cn.., ........ In ..11 ..i.tc rC .1... ctn... ,
lllll.: H.X.lZ... 11. .II. IF11I 1.1 l.l LI1L .L.IIL.I .. .
thev are especially prevalent in thc ?.". of,,llc p,ant .bc,,U '.l ,s m,,tc 1os
Hue-cured belt. Angular spot i found ?'I)lc ,nt sol" infection may come
to some extent in nearlv every field, , f"m this source. It is highly advis
whiie wildfire occurs in about one I able as ,a precautionary measure that
field in five Angular spot is usually ?, cw to e "'atle up each year,
found rather cvcnlv distributed Burning the old bed would probably
throughout a field, while wildfire is opt insure complete freedom from m
often restricted to one or more .spots fection.
in a field. ' Control of the Disease.
Cause of the Disease
Both spots are diseases in the true
sense of the word: they are caused by
snecific bacteria, or i?erms as thev are
came to a stop as quickly as he could. I commonly called, which so far as i
Tl... .......I..... , ' . J . .. .
"" '"i" inn" iew ciime . known attack tobacco on v. 1 ic Dnc-
running up to the engine to see what
was the matter.
" 'There Is some one swinging a lan
tern across the track. sftld the engi
neer, and the crew went ahead to In
vesfigntP. "'We can't And anyone.' reported
the rear hrakeman. nnd the engineer
pulled out again, but he went slowly,
and in n few minutes stopped again.
The crew went ahead once more to
see what was the eaue of the light.
The conduct or, who was a good shot.
teriuni which causes wildfire is known
technically as bacterium tabacum. and1
that which causes angular-spot as
Farmers generally have attributed
these diseases to wet weather, the
fertilizer, or other agencies, but thee
are only secondary causes. If the bac
teria which cause the spots were not
present there would be no angular
spot or wildfire no matter what the
It will be seen from the foregoing
discussion that control of angular
spot and wildfire consists of preven
tion of infection in the plant bed. The
three chief preventive measures de
signed to insure freedom from infec
tion in the bed are:
1. Use of disease free seed.
'-. Use of a clean cover.
.'!. Use of a new plant bed.
The second and third measures
need explanation. The cover should
be of new cloth, or if old cloth used
it should he bAilcd in water for a few
minutes. A new cover is preferable
and the cost is a small item when
compared with thc value, of the crop.
only one bed contained diseased
The method of treatment given here
has been used during one season in
experimental .work and in tests for
several farmers in Charlotte county.
North Carolina. The treatment did
not entirely eliminate the disease, but
when used, in conjunction with the
other measures' given is reduced them
to thc point where practically no
damage was sustained. The benefit
from treatment was marked in all
cases and a considerable improvement
in the crop resulted even in some
cases where seed treatment was the
only preventive measure used. It is
believed that the treatment can be
modified and made still more effective
out tins must wait on experiment
work now under way.
TOP OF SN0WD0N IS SOLD
weaiuer conditions were, u is true. 1 lie plant bed should be on new
however, that wet weather and other j ground not subject to drainage from
factors are important in determining, tobacco fields. It should not be near
the amount of injury caused by the. other beds where untreated seed or
drew Ids revolver, and at his second two diseases Of these factors-weath-' covers are used. Disease free seed may
shot there was a crash, a scream, and
the light went out. and something
white came fluttering down from the
er is the most important A nromis
! ing field of tobacco may become gen
! erally infected after a few davs of
"The engineer was seared. 'You've
sliol an angel, sure.' he said to the
enndiictor, with a face as pale as
"Imcstigatlon brought out
that a small hoy. with a laniern tied
to thc tail of a kite, was the cause of
lb- trouble: hut for a long time It
tensed ihe engineer to lie ashed about
"shooting Mligcls.'" ,
lie obtained trom fields which are en
tirely free from either angular-spot or
wildfire or by treatment which will
destroy the bacteria without injurv
continuous rainfall. This is due to the
fact that the bacteria are spread from j to the seed. Even through the seed
plant to plant by the splashing and. is thought to he free from disease,
glowing of rain drops, and that mois-' treatment is desirable as an extra pre
ture favors the entrance of the hac-, caution,
teria into the leaf. They are also The treatment is as follows: The
the filet N"-1"".) iiisetis. especially oca, ncei-; seeu siiouui ne soaked tor tittecn inin-
ics, tim i. ii. mutiny inc m.iiiis 01
suckermg, and topping.
The National Remedy of Holland for
centuries and endorsed by Queen Wilhel
tnlna.. At all druggists, three sizes.
Look for the namo Gold Madal on OTt ry bo
and accept no imitation
Foimer Doughboy Couched Up Bullet,
lutilng a iolcnt lit of coughing. It.
!. .Moore of Chaltaniioga. Tenn., n
former i!niighho, in i lie .. K. p.,
coughed up a bullet that entered one
of his lungs during ihe light lu the
Idle money is a waste
that is inexcusable
If you have only a few dollars to invest,
if you are saving for a larger investment,
a safe and profitable temporary employ
ment of your funds is in a bank account.
hertilizers affect the size of the
.spots and the severity of the disease
in so far as they modify the growth
of the tobacco plants. The most for
ward or vigorous plants in a field arc
usually infected more seriously than
the slower growing plants. Kxperi-.
ments with fertilizer do not indicate, j
however, that either diseases may be
controlled by modification of the fer
tilizer. The fertilizer applications'
which tend to produce a good crop
will at the same time tend to make
the crop more susceptible to the dis-!
ease I into
Source of Infection.
It has been found that both diseases
occur on plants in the plant bed. and
that the amount of disease which
develops in the field is determined in
large measure by the amount of dis
ease found in the bed. Cases have
been seen where the disease has
spread from one field to another but
this has been found true only of fields
in close proximity, and there seems
to be little danger from this source if
the fields are separated by a hundred
yarns or even less, unless ot course
tltf2 ill n, irtlii tirfi rf fnM,inlf1,li ,!.
The solution is made by adding one
ounce of forty per cent formaldehyde
to one pint of water. After treatment
the seed should be washed thoroughly
in water and spread out to dry The
seed may be kept for several mouths
without injury providing they have
been washed and dried thoroughly.
Formaldehyde may be obtained at
most drug tores and is usually sold
in the forty per cent strength. It is
a liquid which is non-poisonous, but
thc fumes are irritating to the eyes,
nose, and throat.
In treating, the seed may be stirred
thc formaldehyde solution in a
pail or jar; then strained off through
1 a fine cheese cloth. The seed should be
stirred into the solution throughout
the fifteen minutes period.
The additional precautions which
are necessary are mostly self evident.
There arc cases on record where
farmers have visited their neighbors'
plant beds to become familiar with
the appearance of the diseases, hand
led plants there, returned and inspect
ed their own beds, and in this way
transmitted the infection. Also cases
(Where farmers have helped each other
they are carried there on the clothes i ' setting plants and have transmitted
r hands of some person. It niav be the infection to both crons althoinrh
If you arc bundling furs and not selling to me you are
certainly losing money. I am paying today the following
prices for Prime Fur's on a lib.eral assortment:
No i Large No. 2 No. j No. 4
Skunk $2.00 $1.25 $ .65 $ .35
Raccoon 3.00 2.00 1.00 .50
Mink 6.00 4.00 2.00 .50
Muskrat .70 .40 .20 .10
Opposum .70 .40 .20 .10
Gray Fox 2.00 1.25 .75 .25
Red Fox 7.50 5.00 3.00 1.00
Do Not Send Truth Ai It Is Worthiest
Ground on Britain's Loftiest Mountain
Has Recently Been Purchased
Freak purchases nro heard of from
time to time, but It is not often that
the s;ile of a mountain Is announced.
For this reason alone the transfer of
the summit of Snowdon, Including sev
eral hundreds of acres of the slope
which Is grazing ground, and the
ground on which Is built the Summit
hotel, by Uout.-Col. Wnrsley-Tnylor. to
a farmer, is of more than ordinary In
terest, remarks the Christian Science
.Mount Snowden In Carnarvon Is
the most famous peak In the southern
part of Hritain ; Is well known to nil
holiday makers, nnd Is of a bold and
rugged outline nnd forms, with Its
subsidiary peaks, an Impressive range.
The uscent presents 110 special features
of dlllkulty If one of the five well de
fined pathways Is used, hut should the
climber be bent on "pioneering," and
leave the beaten track, he .should be
prepared for anything In the way of
The view from summit of Snowdon
on a fine day makes the climb worth
while, for spread below Is Anglesey,
the Menal straits, and a great curve of
ocean from the far-off extremity of
Curdlgan bay to Ithyl. In the fore
ground are to he seen the well defined
penks of the sister mountains. Alto
gether the climb is a most exhilarat
ing form of exercise, and although the
boast of having gained the top does
not carry much weight, there Is a cer
tnln satisfaction In having reached
one's objective. Gladstone, twenty
eight years ago, nfter having performed
the climb, addressed a political meet
ing of :t,(KX) people on the summit of
No commission charges remittance same day goods
are received. Ship by parcel post whenever possible.
Write for shipping tags.
. Do Not Sell Until You See Me
Li. S. DINKELSPIEL
124-126 . BROOK ST. LOUISVILLE, KV.
Telephones: Cumberland Main 400; Home City 3843
Earth Not a Perfect Sphere.
The diameter of the earth from pole
to pole through the equator Is short
er than that at the equator. Though
In popular luuguuVe the earth Is saiil
to be round, like a ball, It Is really
an Irregular sphere, slightly flattened
at the poles. The slight departure J
'roin roiundlty Is accounted for by
'lie u.i.i! 1 lotion of the earth while
Ui a moie p'astle stale.
Mrs. ISim'ou- And have your hus
band's table maimers Improved?
Mrs. Kuher; Oli. I (htuk so.
Mrs. I'.acou And can lie manage
spaghetti all right, now?
Mrs. Kglx'rl Oli. well, you see.
when ho begun to (ry to Improve Ills
tnble manners we thoutht It Just us
well to give up having spaghetti.
4. Hired a full time stenocranher
in place of half time.
5. Hired one county agent.
Live Stock Improvement
1. Held three purebred .sales.
2. Assisted in the sale- of $13,707
worth of purebred hogs.
3. Assisted in securing 70 begin
ners to make initial start.
4. Assisted in making out pedigrees
for 90 head of stock.
5. Assisted in organizing the North
eastern South Dakota Breeders' As-
0. Organized the Hayti Live Stock
1. Organized the first Certified Seed
Potato Growers' Association in South
Dakota and tenth in the United
2. Grew one-fifth of the certified
seed potatoes raised in South Dakota.
3. Secured a resultant profit of $G,
7."0 due to increase, marketing, etc.,
to the members.
4. Had the only countv exhibit of
certified potatoes at the state fair.
.. Held six potato improvement
fl. Organized the Dempster Potato
7. Sent a delegation to investigate
the practicability of potato warehouse
in the Red River Vallev.
1 Boys and Girls' Club Work.
1. Organized l.'i clubs with an en
rollment of 103 members.
2. Sent 21 boys and girls to the club
camp at Brookings in June.
3. Sent a crop and stock judging
team and a sewing demonstration
team to the state fair.
4. Won second in sewing1 demon
stration at fair.
.". Represented at the International
Live Stock Show, Chicago, by two
0. Held a county club fair.
". Made 7( exhibits at county
1 Saved $10,000 to farmers market
ing through live stock shipping as
sociations. 2. Marketed $4,000 of flax and seed
corn at a profit of $080 to producers.
1. Published monthly the Farm Bu
2. Mailed our (5,100 copies of the
Farm Bureau News.
3. Wrote 1.428 personal letters.
4. Mailed out 10,403 circular letters.
.1. Held 37 meetings.
fi. Mailed to newspapers 10(5 news
Miscellaneous and Statistical Report
1. Made 270 farm visits.
2. Had :.71 office calls.
3. Spent 108 days in the field.
4. Spent 108 days in the office
.V Traveled 1.027 miles by auto,
fl. Traveled- 1.700 miles by train.
7. Spent 8 days in conference,
8. Addressed 37 meetings.
A. E. Kangas is president, S. L.
Myhres. secretary, and A W. Tomp
kins, county agent, of the Hamlin
County Farm Bureau.
There is no way to estimate the
value of a wide-awake bureau, and
Hamlin County seems to have that
THE KID INTERVIEWS
THE COUNTRY EDITOR
Getting ut a weekly publication
is no picnic. If I print jokes, folks,
say I am silly if I don't, they say I
am too serious. If I publish original
matter, they say I lack variety if I
publish things from other papers, they
say I am too lazy to write. If I don't
go to church. 1 am a heathen if I do
go I am a hypocrite. If I stay in the
office. I ought to be outrustling for
news if I rustle for news, I am not
attending to business at the office. If
I wear old clothes, I am sloven if I
wear new clothes, they are not paid
for. What in the thunder is a poor
editor to dj anyhow? Like as not,
someone will soy I swiped this from
an exchange. So 1 did!" Dental
If you are blue, take a ride with
Herv Randolph in our new serial
anu see tne things lie saw.
DR. W. 0 TAYLOR.
nfflra Uoure 8 " to is u.
""" 1 1
. p. m. to.i p. in.
A I way in office during