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THE BRECKKNRIDok NEW
S, CLOVERFORT, KENTUCKY
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It is part of our bank's business to aid everyone in
this community by showing them the necessity of having
money in our bank.
You MUST bank regularly a part of what you earn if
you ever get ahead and ever amount to anything.
Money is the measure of SUCCESS in any business
or profession. Give yourself a full measure of success.
It is your RIGHT to yourself and your DUTY to your
We invite YOUR Banking Business
FARMERS BANK & TRUST CO.
CONQUEROR COULD NOT WRITE
William I of England Signed His
Name by a Cross to a Charter
In the collection of Noruinn char
ers sold recently In Kngluud, the
property of Hit rones1? Beaumont of
Ourlton Towers, York, there Is strong
jMesumptle evidence that William
uie Conqueror was unsihle to write,
fcr a grant slffiietl hy liltn and Mntll
j, the (tieen, bears their crosses.
This collection of Norman charters
was made hy the antiquary Thomas
Staplclou, one of the ancestors of
the hanuiy of Beaumont, and has been
p"-servcd for centuries at Carlton
lowers. Its sale is attributed to the
costs of the war and the present high
The curliest grant N undated, hut
was made between the years 1W7 and
107!). It i In Latin, on vellum, and
Is a urtiut by Wiildernnd (d .Meiillu?)
for the "itiviitloii of the soul of his
lord, William I, king of the I'ugllsh,
and Ktliei-. to St. Stephens church,
Caen, of the Church of St. Mary, fn
seried in their names are the crosses
of the witnesses, William. Iiliur of the
English; Mntnlda. the queen; .John,
archbishop (of Itnucn?) ; linger Bel
inoalensN (Beaumont) and Kobert
Belmonu-iiMs (I',cuumut). The docu
ment Is one of the most Intel eMlng
autographs that Is likely to come into
the unction room for some time. The
evidence of William the eonqueior's
Illiteracy is not conclusive, however,
as It nia huvc been thought beneath
the dlgnlt. of the king to write his
name, as Willlnm Itoherts suggests
King Henry I also signed one of the
churtors with his cress.
NOTHING LOSi Bt COURTESY
Yet It Is a Somewhat Humiliating
Fact That Comparatively So Few
Whether In a letter or face to face,
there is nothing In the whole big wide
world that does so much to make u
good impwisslon on either stranger or
acquaintance as simple, elemental, ev
eryday courtesy. It Is surprising, with
courtesy so vuluahle and so absurdly
cheap that more of it Isn't used,
writes lod C. Kelly In Leslie's. If
I'm on a train, let me say, and the
Jiian ahead of me ut Ihe lee water
tank Insists on my drinking llrst, or
hand me the little paper drlnklng-cup
he was about to use himself, I thank
him. I don't merely grunt my thanks,
as if I thought he had given me no
more than 1 had coming to me. I
thank him out loud, so that he can
ticar It. And at the llrst opportunity
1 try to get right hack at him hy do
ing some little favor for him. If I
haven't a cigar to give him. I at least
show thai my heart Is In the right
place hy ofTerlug him a match.
If a stranger comes to my oillctr for
a conference, I pull tip a chair for him
with ni own. fair hands, When he
gets ivad to go, I accompany him to
the door Thus his last recollection
of me Is my courteously howtug him
If you haven't a lot of acquaintances
1 feel sorry for you. The fuult Is
probably jour own. There must he
people all about you who would enjoy
knowing you as much as you would
enjoy knowing them. As a sporting
proposition there Is nothing to equal
the fun of seeing how many people
you can mnke your friends. They're
valuable, tangible assets. If I were
called upon to Rive good advice In
tew words, I would say: "Know d lot
UNIQUE IN ANIMAL WORLD
Elephant Has Survived Bscause He
Has Been Able to Adapt Him
self to Conditions.
Thee Is nothing else like the ele
phant, lie, has come down to us
through the ages, surviving the eon
iliihrii which killed off his earlier con
temporaries, mill he now adapts him
self p"ifeetly to more different con
ditions than any other animal in Af
rica Carl Akeley of the American .Mu
seum of Natural History writes In the
lie can eat anything that Is green or
even has hecu green. Just so ion;; as
there I- enough of It. lie can get
his water from the aloe plants on the
arid plains or dig well In the sand
of a ir, river with his Iruhk and
fore feet, and drink there, or he is
equall.x at home living half in the
sunnips of better watered reg'ons. Me
Is at home on the low. hot plains of
the searoast at the equator or on the
cool -lupi". of Kenla and Idgou. So
far as I know he suiters from no con
tagious diseases and has no enemies
except man There are elephants on
Kenla that have never lain down for
a hundred .vears. Some of the plains
elephants do rest lying down, but no
one ever saw a Kenla e'ephant lying
down or any evidence that they do lie
down at ret. The elephant is a
good tnnoler. On good ground a
good horse can outrun him, but on
bad ground the horse would have no
chance and there are few animals
that can cover more groend in a day
than an elephant. And In spite of
his appearance he can turn with sur
prising agility and move through the
forest as quietly as n rabbit.
OWNS LONGEST FINGER
NAILS IN THE WORLD
He Ib'Suii Yu Neh and he lives on
the Island of Formosa. The Chlne.se
In Formosa pride themselves on the
length of their linger nails. In order
to protect the nails special nail gloves
are worn. The long nallH signify the
fuct that the wearer belongs to the
genteel class and has performed no
Women's Hosiery Prices on Decline.
The cost of women's silk hosiery,
priced hy manufacturers hist spring at
$27 a dozen, have.droppeil to $15. Mer
cerized stockings, during the same pe
riod, have been reduced from 97.00
to $.1.50 at the mills.
Prisoners of War Trying to Es
cape From Country.
DEATH TAKES ENORMOUS TOLL
M?ny Germans and Austrlans Who
Start on Long Journey Have Not the
Courage to Finish It Thousands
Drop by the Wayside and Perish of
Cold and Hunger Thousands of
Others Take Service With the Bol
shevik!. There Is a new army of "tramps"
In the world. It Is doubtful If there
ever was one before as big or us
wretched. Its members cover distances
which would make "trumps" In Ameri
ca open their eyes In amazement.
.They face worse hardships than our
Weary Willies and far greater perils.
To freeze or starve to death Is a com-ition-plnco
among them. Sometimes
they are stood up against u wall and
These new "tramps" are the Ger
man and Austrian prisoners of war in
Slbeila. who are trying to get back
to their homes, T. It. Yharra writes
from Vienna to the New York Evening
Post, It l Just short ol two jciirs
since the armistice, considerably more
than two ycuis since the central pow
ei made peace with the Kusslan Hoi
shevikl, hut tens of thousands of tier
mails and Austrlans are still in Si
beria, thrown upon their own re
sources for repatriation. Itellef asso
ciations In their own and other coun
tries do what they can to get the ,iiun
home, hut such efforts are a drop In
the bucket. Usually all they can do
Is to put the men on ships at some
Baltic port wheie they have arrived
after tramping and stealing rides on
trains for thousands of miles.
Death Takes Its Toll.
.Many who start on the journey have
not the fortitude to finish It. They
find some job on the way and stick to
It. or they take service -with the Bol
shevkl. Many others suddenly drop
hy the side of some bleak Siberian
or Kusslan road, dead from cold or
hunger or sheer weariness. Thousands
have died thus doubtless thousands
more will so die but the thought of
getting home, some day, somehow,
keeps thousands of others alive on the
long westward tramp.
Central Europe is full of stories of
these strange nomads. They are n
regulnr part of everyday life In Si
beria and Itussia. They are to be met
on any road; everywhere are the
crosses marking the graves of those
who have not been able to end the
They travel alone und in pairs and
In parties. They work for a day or
a week or a month and then the crav
ing for home sweeps over them again,
and again they turn their faces west
ward. They stand at crossroads and
street corners, begging for alms, Bol
shevlk soldiers sometimes take pity on
them ; sentries pretend not to see
when they slip past some military
post. Peasants take thorn in over
night and feed them and give them
All over Siberia and Russia strange
hieroglyphics may be seen on trees
and fences near the houses of peas
ants, which have a meaning for these
westward hound "tramps." for they,
, like other knights of the road, have
established among themselves a
bt range freemasonry.
"The people here are a good sort;
they will shelter you," Is the meaning
of one sign. And nnother, to the
Initiated, reads: "Keep on your way.
These people will do nothing for you!"
Help Each Other.
When one of the "plenl" that Is
the name for the nev "tramps" In
ltusslu meets another on the road he
promptly gives all the help he can,
for these men are closely bound to
gether by their suffering. He tells
where the frontiers are said to be
least carefully watched, where the
sentries are kindly disposed accord
ing to most recent rumor, where the
danger of being shot as u spy Is small
t est or greatest. It Is an ordinary
thing for a man who has tramped sev
eral thousand miles across Siberia and
a thousand or to more, suy, to the
Caucasus frontier of ltusslu and Per
sia, to he told casually by another
tramp moving northward that there Is
absolutely no chance of escape through
Persian territory. Whereupon the
wanderer, with the hope cherished for
weeks suddenly struck dead, will turn
about and tramp 500 miles more, say
"Can I get a ship hole to some
place?" he asks a- ragged Austrian or
German whom he litis met sleeping un
der a bridge or a freight car.
"No ship has left Odessa for over a
year," Is the answer. So he begs u
piece of bread and hides In a brake
man's box or under the buffer of a
freight car and sets off to some oth
er frontier. An American tramp
would probably think n Journey on
freight cars and his own legs from
San Francisco to New York the evint
of a lifetime, hut there are hundreds,
perhaps thousands, of members of the
army of new "tramps" who huve cov
ered three times the distance across
the American continent In their en
deavors to escape from the vast trap
In which the fortunes of war have
Tricks pf,Austrian Officer;.
The tncKs to wnirn v report are
legion. Two Anstrlnn "'i-ers nrrlved
recently on the shores of the Caspian
son, after tramping and getting "lifts"
across a good part or Siberia nnd Rus
sia. They saw a ship loading grain.
The two stole, down to the shore,
picked up a couple of sucks of grain,
fell In line unobtrusively with the oth
er lenders, nnd soon found themselves
on board the ship. Having got fid of
the sacks, they stowed nwny nnd In a
few tlnys were across the Caspian,
several hundred miles nearer home.
Another Austrian o Ulcer who had al
so tramped thousilnds of miles, was
nrrested hy Kusslan Bolshevik troops
when he hail almost snenkel ncross
the Ktisslan-I'iii'.an.an frontier. When
he told who aid wh it he was the Bol
shevik eetnm.im'er si cored.
"Austrian olllcer?" he explained.
. "An old trick, You are a spy. You
will be shot."
lie was locked up. With the re
sourcefulness which their wanderings
Instill Into these men. he found a loose
plank In the wall of his wooden prison
anil worked for two whole days until
lie had almost dislodged It sufllclcntly
to crawl out Into the open. Suddenly
the door of the prison wns Hung open
In the dead of night nnd an olllcer
strode Into the room.
"All up with me I" thought the Aus
trian. "They've come to fetch me out
to the firing squad."
"Follow me," whispered the other.
He led the prisoner out of the prison
to the shore of n river. There a boat
was In waiting.
"I am n Bolshevik ofllcer, hut 1 am
also a Roumanian." said the guide.
"and during the war I wns a prisoner
In Austria, where I was well treated.
Oct Into the boat and row across the j
river. On the other side you will be
a free man."
Prussian Junkers Suffer.
A strange nrmy, these "tramps."
Stiff Prussian Junkers, nccustotned to
walk the Berlin sticets staring coldly
through their monocles, elbowing clvll
Inns from the sidewalk, now shiver in
peasants' huts and lie (hit on the roofs
of freight curs In close comradeship
with men whom they used to think
worthy only of blacking their riding
hoots. "Dudes" from the gay Vienna
of before the war, spick and span
young lieutenants and captains, who
thought only of wearing smart uni
forms and going to the races ami dip
ping deep Into night life, uo'w tramp
across Siberia and Russia, Imiefoot
and ragged, unshorn nnd covered with
vermin, and with them go men who
were private soldiers, rough Austrian
peasants for whom the words "cap
tain" and "lieutenant" have lost all
meaning, for whom these young sprigs
of tin upper classes are nothing but
the man whom they met Ii'illng In a
barn or the young chap who stole a
pair of shoes with which to bribe a
RoNhevlk sentry to let them fer.ry
themselves across a Siberian river.
"To help get the prisoners home
from Russia." pretty girls in Vienna
sny to yiu dangling contribution
boxes before your eyes. And there Is
scarcely anybody who does not give.
The stories which one hears about
these men sometimes from their own i
lips are quite enough to loosen purse
strings In order to help others of their
kind out of their prison house.
And the thought of the winter which
Is closing down upon us makes one
nil the more willing to give, But
there are thousands of these victims
of war. thousands of the nrmy of new
"tramps" pow resolutely moving west
ward over Siberian and Russian
steppes to whom the gifts will be
HIGH PLACE FOR LEWIS CASS
Was Instrumental in Setting Up Amer
ican Form of Government in
"Those who pushed the frontier west
ward were themselves the products of
frontier conditions." says William B.
Shaw In the American Review of Re
views. "Such n lender wns Lewis
Cnss. a native of New Hampshire,
who went out ns a youth to the settle
ments that were soon to he organized
Into the stnte of Ohio, took part In
lawmaking there, served as a volun
teer officer In the war of 1812, was ap
pointed governor of Michigan terri
tory, nnd for many years wns engaged
In the difficult task of setting up nn
American form of government in re
gions tlint hnd barely emerged from
the wilderness stnge.
"Thnt Lewis Cnss was In after years
a United Stntes senator from Mlchl
gnn. n member of cnblnets, a diplomat
and nn unsuccessful nsptrnnt for thp
presidency may have partlnlly blinded
up to (he renlly Important services that
he rendered In the pioneer period of
Michigan's history. Neither he nor
nny of the men of his day could have
foreseen the strain that was to he put
on the stntes crentfd out of the old
Northwest territory caused hy the 'at
tempt to nbsorb vnst populations of
'northern European blood Into the citi
zenship, "Lewis Cass lived to see great ar
mies recruited among those newly
ninde Americans to light for the Union
and the principles of nationality which
he hnd himself defended throughout
"Dr. Plller seems to be a fashion
"I should say sot He has patients
at some of the most expensive health
resorts in America and a waiting list
of people whoso health will give way
as soon as they get Biooey enough t
consult him." Birmingham Age-Hair
COPr&fGffr TffF B03BffEKBLL COWWYX
OMANTIC, clever, ingenious, sprightly and dashing
a classic of gasoline and
some humor is blended
Mostly about a young man who had too much money and
too much time in which to spend it, but otherwise not
enough employment. To remedy the deficiency, get a new
angle on life and learn some things which he did not know
about his beloved New York, he changed places with a taxi
driver and learned plenty. Also the experience remodeled
his existence, made him a worth-while citizen and brought
aid to a number of people, among whom were several young
women, who but for the timely intervention of the gasoline
Sir Galahad, would have succumbed to the city's perils.
Then there was the case of the lovely girl born with a
silver spoon in her mouth who lost it, became a chorus
girl, recovered the spoon and but you must read it a
new serial offering for these columns.
YOUR LOSS IF 00 MISS IT!
CAT WRECKS WOMAN'S HAT
Goes Bird Hunting and Terrifies Own
er of Headgear.
The screams of a woman In the
New York Central waiting room at
Poughkeepsie. tIs. Y.. brought waiting
travelers from their seats to see a
woman clawing vthe nlr and striking
wildly nt a cat on her shoulders.
The woman had a large bird upon
her hat. As she sat In earnest con
versation with another woman she
moved her head constantly. The seats
are high backed, nnd from the rear
all that could be seen was the bird.
A cat sat dozing in tiie station. All
at once It spied ttie bird nnd its tall
began to wave hack and forth ns It
crouched nnd watched It. Passengers
who saw sat quietly and smiled, not
dreaming thnt the cat would spring.
Suddenly It sprang and landed upon
the lint nnd the bird. .
The womnn's screams iirought a
lineman, who pulled the cat away. The
lint ond the bird, however, were de
molished and the woman wns forced
to take her headgear off, put It In a
suitcase and travel the rest of the
ou,000 TEACHERS NEEDED
Nearly 400,000 Children Deprived of
Hetwcen 300,000 and -100,000 chil
dren were deprived of schooling last
year as n direct result of the short
age of teachers, according to estimates
made by P. P. Claxton, federal com
missioner of public education.
Nn relief for the situation is seen
hy the commissioner. Prom 110,000
to 1.10,000 new teachers will bo need
ed next year, but there will be only
JU),000 prepared teachers to fill vacan
cies, leaving n deficit of 80,000.
Qavtrnmsnt ArrtsUd Sugar Piffltaar.
Charged with making a 140,000 prelt
oa the re-sale of 060.000 pound of
gaa Dffatega sagar, V. R. Sfcarbaraa,
of Bastoa, was arretted by the gevera
rnanf -"tylag aadraa."
speed in which much blithe,
with a charming love story.
MAY PIPE COAL FROM MINE
New York City Considering Trahs
, porting Fuel From Pennsylvania.
The carrying of coal from the -anthracite
mining regions in Pennsyl
vania to New York city through two
14-luch pipes by water pressure Is be
ing considered by New York otllclals.
The plan was submitted by Reginald
P. Bolton, a member of the American
Society of Mechanical Engineers, who
explained that between New York city
and Scranton, Pa., there Is a fall In ele
vation of about 2,000 feet. He assert
ed 7,000.000 tons of coal could be
brought through the pipes every year,
which would amply supply the city
A Bible belonging to Elizabeth Had
don, a Quakeress, printed in 1500, has
been discovered In the East. The Had
don Bible Is sixteen years older than
the Reims Testament sometimes
spoken of as "the oldest Bible." The
Haddon Bible Is an authentic "Great"
Bible. It Is also a "Treacle" Bibev
Coverdnle, the translator, rendering
"The Prophecye of Jeremye," gave
the reading "I am hevy and abafhed;
Is there no trlncle at Oylyad." JChls
In the King James modern version
rends "bnlm In Ollend."
The Hnddon Bible is Indeed "Great,"
It weighs 18 pounds, and its dimes
slops are: Thickness, 454 Inches;
width. 10 Inches, length, 16ft lack.
Will You Spend 65c On Kat-Snap to ' i
Dnr nUn nVrr nn kill tn r-ttm Tl,l'1
averasx rat will rob vou of SlD a vear
in feed, chickens and property 4- I
structlon. RAT-SNAP is deadly ,Jo i
rats. Crcmates after killing. Leaves ;no v
smell. Comes in cakes. Rats wilt aui '
up meat, train, cheese to feistr .
RAT-SNAP, Thrw sizes, 35c, He U
4i.s9. aoia ana suaraateea ay WMMgri
Payne k Co., Cloverport, and) B. fi
ueara k io., mraineurr---Aai