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teJ ? .J. 1 f9W
1 THE COOPER INSTITUTE POR.
TRAIT OF LINCOLN.
MARY, THE FAITHFUL
I COURIER - JOURNAL
Dy CORA CARSON.
HRT JFK " v jApBKttm tWI
B M? "" i !
Young Ponnsylvanian Sent to
So Duty From Which Presi
dent Was Debarred.
SAVE AT STROUDSBURG, PA
J. Surncrflcld Staples the Name of
the SMbctltuta Who Was In Person
ai the Front While Great
Statesman Ruled at
V&bnrimni Lincoln had a nulistttutc
who nerved a defender cf th"
Vmtm. tbroufih to bloody and epoch
Mnltiu period of the Civil war This
wnrt3on has fceon nndi many ill mc3
feefcarc. It ti,m rouaed bitter contro
nuxr In varlouu quarters , It lias
4I9ti birth f columns of print, both
3m support and duriial of its truth.
TTe exemption of the president of
k United Stati'3 from tho tattlns up
arms, or M'lvlns on an actual field
r fcatllo. la provided for by a spo
M KAtute drawn up to meet such a
cssUnspency. Hut thero Is nothing
H jwrent tho nation's chief cxecu
rtlni iri sending forth a substitute
't s3t in hlu place, although Lln
ofa was tho only occupant of the
Wfeiki House who ever took advan
Xas t tliis fact, writes Prof. liernard
T. C3craml. The man who represent
ed fcs. Jais person that of tho martyred
jsrasient was John Summerfleld Sta
jAif. -ahose body lies at rest la a
mate cemetery at Stroudsburg, Pa.
The tombstone above his grave, plio--tosrapb
of which 13 here reproduced,
testifies not only to Staples' war rec
orrf. fcest states in granite letters the
sSjiiicc' his having served ns Abraham
Xfcvcnfca's substitute. The Inscrip
tion In question reads as follows:
"J. SummerfleM Staples,
a Trlvate of
Co. C. 17(1 Hest.. P. V.
Also ,i Member of tho
1 Red. D. C. Vols., as a
Died Jan. It, 1SSS.
&Xd Years, 4 Mo., 25 Days."
H3 grave also bears the G. A. R.
TOartutr, a metallic star upon which
tiict wczdB "Post 150" appears. A small
-Araertain flag flutters In the breeze,
13UL the outside world seems little In-
J. Summerfleld Staples.
'itannM as to tho career of this patri
stic nnd distinguished soldier boy.
TSwre are sovcral people still llv
Hux la Stroudsburg who knew Sta
jTiax and remember that to him be
lauigui the unique distinction of rep
nlta:t!ng Lincoln on the field of bat
cJe. Among their number aro J. T
fxJ.swjr, postmaster and principal of
iht public school; C. L. Drake, editor
f the Stroudsburg Times, and Rep
resttttatlve A. Mitchell Palmer of
Pennsylvania. It was characteristic
-el" Lincoln that ho kept the matter
f.-oiu the public press, and a like mod
wat ncems to have Imposed silence
-en the young soldlor.
tfnft does not havo to make a very
esliaiiBtlvu study of Lincoln's charac
4iK 'm order to understand tho motive
vkhVjh led him to send a substitute
4 rprebent him In the scenes of tho '
bloody drama then being enactod
Aliittfthut tho land. Ills conscience
nviB not of that easily-satisfied variety
vi hie h coutenta Itself with allowing I
things to remain as they are, without
indulging In oxcrtlo'n for the common
S-ood. Ills was the hand which was
atiWTliig tho Ship of State (through
tiTapcbt and crush of hostile guns, yet
igreat as was the task assigned .him,
Jus perceived with the eagle, eye that
ia3df d the course of action, a, post
-jstlH unfilled, an unoccupied niche
-ivhtro a combatant could be placed to
strike In behalf or the Union. To that
uxrct be resolved to appoint a repre
sentative, that ho might be practical
ly !n person as ho was already In
-spirit on the red field of. carnage.
It was done quietly, in that simple,
anostcntatlouH manner that dlstlu-
fulbhed all of Lincoln's acts, whether
Jn official 'or private life. He never
reUycd to the gallery, and the verdict
ttbiiiwn conscience was all he cared
iCopyrleht, by VT..O. Chapman.) ml
From the neflatlve now In the posses
sion of Frederick E. Meserve, New
New York Editor and Statesman
Shown to Have Had His
AIDED IN SELECTING CABINET
As Leader In Politics of the Empire
State Mr. Weed Was Invited
to Springfield to Talk Over
the Coming Presi
New traits of tho character of Abra
ham Lincoln, his appreciation of a
compliment, his own estimate of his
Inaugural address and his insistence
on telling the truth, even though It
were not only unpopular but humili
ating to himself, are revealed In a
letter of a long correspondeAce be
tween him and Thurlow Weed, first
editor of the Albany Evening Journal,
and for many jears the Republican
leader of the state.
Tho letter written by Mr. Weed has
not been preserved, but It was In
praise of President Lincoln's Inaugu
ral address and of his speech of notl
flcatlon. But the answer Is In the
possession of William Karnes, Jr., of
Albany, chairman of the Republican
state committee and grandson of Mr
Weed. In it President Lincoln ex
presses the opinion that the Inaugural
address will wear as well as or better
than anything else ho has produced.
It is npt at all likely that1 the pres
ent generation will agree with his es
tlmate of the lasting qualities of the
address. Few persons now know, ex
cept In the most- general way, what it
was about, whllo his Gettysburg ad
dress has become one of the classless
of the English language.
Mr. Weed was one of the strong per
sonalities of tho convention at Chi
cago which nominated Lincoln, the
head of the New York delegation, and
in charge of tho campaign which had
for its purpose the nomination tof
William H. Soward, generally regard
ed as the leadtng candidate.
The defeat of Governor Seward was
a great disappointment to Mr. Weed,
and as he was preparing to leave the
convention city ho was' asked to visit
Mr. Lincoln at Springfield. Ho did not
do so at that tlmo, but went to Iowa,
whero he had planned to rest, but on
his way back to Albany he did slop
and had a five hour conversation with
tho nominee of his party.
It was that conversation that began
a friendship that lasted through the
life of Mr. Lincoln, and this last letter
was one of many that passed between
the men. They were ordinarily In re
lation to national matters, but not In
frequently tho personal element crept
They did not meet again until after
the election, when Mr. Lincoln invited
the loader of the party In New York to
Springfield to talk over the make-up of
a cabinet. Although Mr. Weed had se
lected governors and their cabinets In
New York state, this was the first time
he had ever been asked by a president
for assistance of that kind, and he told
Mr. Lincoln so. They discussed men
under consideration, but Mr. Weed
admitted in his autobiography that
the men were Mr. Lincoln's selection,
and when he objected to this one or
that one the president-elect would
turn the conversation by one of his
Some".of the letters showed that Mr.
Lincoln bad a graspbt political detail
with which he had not 'been credited.
After his election and before his In
augural he used Mr. Weed to convey
to a convention of editors his view
on secession, and in one and another
the correspondence was kept up even
during the trying days of the Civil
FATTEN CHICKS FOR MARKET I
! Arizona Woman Has Much Succeta
With Coop Covered With Wire
Netting Ration Used.
I am having great success In fatten,
lug my overstock of chick cockcrcld
for hotel and restnurnnt trade, writes
Jlra. Almo of Hoswell, N, M., In tho
Knnners' Mall nnd llrcczo. My feeding
coop show n In tho draw ing has a polid
floor of matched beards, covered with
nn Inch of road grit. Tho top Is cov
ered with poultry netting, over which
u solid roof Is hinged, which may bo
raised on warm days. Tho front and
Coop for Market Feeding.
west end aro covered with wlro net
ting. Tho roosts aro In tho west end
of the coop. Tho feed drawer Is cov
ered with two-inch mesh wire net
ting and one feeding a week will do.
I feed the following mixture for fat
tening: Ono quart each, alfalfa meal,
corn chop and bran, nnd one pint meat
scraps. This way of feeding saves
both time and feed and I now tnako
money whero I lost money before w 1th
ordinary care. Besides my own stock,
I buy chicks of tho quick-growing
breeds to fatten.
GERMAN EGG-LAYING TESTS
i Results Given of Experiments Made
to Determine Effect of Various
Meat Meals on Poultry.
Tests were made a short time since
In Germany to determine the effect of
different meat meals on poultry. Dur
ing these experiments It was found
that tho egg production ceased earlier
than with normal hens. Fish meal
was more favorable for egg produc
tion than meat meal. The eggs were
of poorer flavor than normal eggs,
and could not be preserved in tho
The meat meal Increased tho In
tensity of tho yellow color of the yolk.
I The flesh of the birds fed meat meal
was normal as regards taste and
odor, though slightly changed in color,
melting point and fat, which were
higher than normal, but lower than
normal with fish meal. When fed
cadaver meal tho flesh of tho fowl
had a rancid taste, and whenever fed
should bo freo from fat as possible,
tuberculosis beef did not cause tuber
culosis In the hens.
FEED SUPPLY CAN IS USEFUL
Galvanized Receptacle, as Shown In
Illustration, Affords Protection
Where one keeps much feed In the
poultry house and wishes to protect
it from rats and mice a can, such as Is
shown in the illustration, is the best
dovlce. This is made of gahanlzcd
iron IS1-!- inches high at the back, lti
inches in front, 9 Inches deep and 11
inches wide. It will hold 25 pounds of
A Feed Supply Can.
whole grain. There should bo a heavy
ball on each can, so that it may bo
carried easily, and to hang It up by.
There should bo a't least ono can for
each poultry bouse. This avoids the
necessity of carrying a measure of
feed around when gathering the eggs.
Keep something in the grit box.
Poultry keeping Is business of quick
Suggestions of fall weather are re
viving egg prlcoB.'.
Plowing up runs 'and. yards is a
seasonable Job any time. . ,
All the milk they wl(l consume is a
Ijelp to thb molting hens.
Corn makes fat and heat; OAts,.
wheat, bran and middlings makpes.
Not a bit of decayed foodtp,any
kind ever ought to bo given, a hen or
chick, n i
Too, many birds la a house simply
can not do so well as they would oth
erwise. Before the roads got;froreu, scrape
up sooio dust for winter use. Put It
la a dry place.
Ten hens that have robin according
to their strength will bring in mora
money than fifteen crowded.
When we get a good many chicks
on band there is a temptation to
1 crowd them during the w later searou.
"Thnrol Doefn't It Pound a thou-,
Band t linos better than before It was
tuned?" demanded Dorothy ns sho let
her fingers glldo nimbly over tho keys
In exhibition of tho Improved condi
tion of tho piano.
"At least two thousand times bet
ter," assented her father, with nn as
sumption of gravity. "I supposo you'll
never practice on It again for fear of
spoiling It?" ,
' Dorothy nodded po vigorously In
agreement that her short braided hnir
flapped about her head. Sho swum;
around on the piano stool, which,
since It had had no ministration to Its
olce, squeaked nn excruciating nc
coinpnnlnictit to her words. "Ami
then, Hint old piano tunor would como
back and tnkc n week to fix It" ,
"Daughter, you exaggerate too much.
Do try to bo morn literal." lectured
her father ns he settled himself com
fortably In his leather chair for tho
"Well, this tlmo It took his Just
Vactly five das," Insisted Dorothy,
with an argrlevcd air of ono who hai
spoken the truth vainly.
'Tlvo what"" asked her father,
amazement In his olco.
"Flvn days," relterntcd tho little
"Fivo days to tuno a piano? What
do j on mean, Dolly?"
"I thought ho was awfully slow, but
he paid It was awfully, awfully out of
"Hut even so, whatever did ho do
all that time?"
"Well, ho camo Monday. First of
all ho played a long time to find out
which keys were wrong, I s'poso. Ho
plays Just grand, marches, and
waltzes, and variations of 'The Star
Spangled Banner' and such pieces, you
"Fine!" agreed her father, with
"Then ho stopped and tried each
"That wasn't so grand, was It? Well,
how long did tho concert last?"
"Most all day. I got awfully tired
of the noise and went over to Kath
ryn's. But I told Mary to take care
of him." i
"Mary Is a faithful maid and took
such good care of him that ho camo
again next day, didn't ho?"
Dorothy missed the sarcasm In her
father's words and continued her ex
planation placidly. "Oh, yes. ho seem-,
ed to like her. Well, on Tuesday ho
took the piano all apart and raised
such a dust It kept Mary busy clean
ing up around him."
"I see." Her father's lntonntton
was ominous. "Well, on Wednesday?"
"He put It together again but
something was loose, or tight. Any
way, ho didn't like tho way It sound
er and ho tried It n long tlmo, po
that Mary and I could tell It wasn't
"So ho had to como on Thursday In
order to take the poor old piano apart
again?" guessed her father.
"Yes, and as it was Mary's day out,
I was glad he was hero only In the
morning, so I could go over to Kath
ryn's after ho went. Then Friday
morning ho put In what ho called tho
finishing touches. You see, that does
mako Ave days. Hut I didn't ask him
to stay to luncheon again, so ho final
ly left at noon. You don't caro If I
didn't, do you, father? I did so hato
to eat with him; he gobbled so." And
Dorothy looked both disgusted and
Rut her father's patience gavo way
and he asked sternly. "Whatoer nwdo
you ask him to luncheon wlt you at
"Why, you told mo to bo nice to
him." Dorothy burst Into tcirs. "So
I gaye Mary orders to have extra god
luncheons and and "
"But. my dear, I was Joking," tho ex
asperated father explained.
"You're always telling mo to bo(
literal," the little girl declared In lior
own defense "Once before, whfliv
Mr. Jenkins, you romembers came for
a visit and you told mothyr to bo
nice to him she " (
"Hut Mr. Jenkins Is an' old frjnd
and a good customer," began hor far
ther patiently, but his daughter fin
ished her sentence dcsporaUily:
"she had wine for him and inado
afternoon coffee And so I thought
"You didn't do that all for tho piano
tuner?" cried her fatbur.
"Yes. You told mo to be nleo to
him," walled Dorothy.
Her father fell limply back In hla
:hair. ."Wine," he murmurad. "Ylne
tor tho'plano tuner!" Then he lgh
d:': "Oh," Dolly, : Dolly, I'll be glad
when your mother gets tired of travel
Ing and comes homo la take caro of
you again. Then the maid will dunco
to the tuno of 'So Long. Mury.' Rut.
ust let that piano tunor sftnd lb his
bill Just let him dare! I'll send him
one for board and entertainment and
'extras'!'" Chicago nlly Wews.
i. i it . 1-c m k r
. Foolish Cejeorant. ' tt,.
' "bl. H, HohentlwJ, usBOclate.qftbe.
N'atlo'nalSon8r of " Temperance, was
talking In Manchester about Christ
mas. " ,
"The wise," be 'said,' "celebrate
Christmas temperately. Their Christ
mas drink is tea or coffee, milk or
"The wise are not like Blanc, who
was asked, the morning after Carlst
nas: " 'Well, Blanc, bow was HI Roller's
"'The best I ever drank,' was th
You can not keep
l.ori.Yii.i.r, Kv IIKXIIY WATKIISOX, l-hirm; '
Both One Year for
$ 1 . 5 O.
JtCguliir price of Weekly Courier
Journal SI. 00 n year. We can also
make a special rate on Daily or
Sunday Courier-Journal in combi
nation with this paper.
To Get Advantage of This
Cut Rate, Orders Must
Be Sent to Us, Not to
Tne Boys of a Philadelphia School
Must Answer These
Xa,me tV nsiivi of 61m ilMruntv
Nvno ti'vo l:lden,t of IVbvwVn
I)tlsaui: t,V olUuf alilm In ,tV wur
agaiit Turkoy. ' ,
Vi la lVn,nli.Uiltt vaAVl I'M)
Wwt utm V.a "Vfiki(f Pivilfvi
U'Ui,t U .i,n urteryr
AV itit is n vein?
Willi aro Vv rnri,y ihoettlivn
t, - m hjwevti nrfw?
N'miv ii ounmoti r-m.ly fo. ha it.
A Nervous Woman Finds
Relief After Many Years
Women who suffer from extreme
nervousness, often endure mucli
suffering before finding any relief.
Mrs. Daniel Kintner, ojDefuncc,
O., had sucli an experience, regard
ing which she says:
"I had stomach
2tSti trouble wlih t wjs
tjjj?5tt elshteen yours old
mui nroKu uown
my health, and (or
years I mirrored
tion and nervous
upa.smi got so bad
I would have them
three or (our times
mended, I uean
taking Dr. Silica'
Nervine, nnd I must say It helped me
wonderfully, I hnvo hud no severe nerv
ousness for severul yejia."
" ' MIIS. DAN KINTNEU.
-' ' 1002 Pleasant St., DeiUnco, O.
Manv remedies arc recommended
for tirseaics'of the nervous' System
tthat fail Jo produce results because
they do not reach Uie scat of the
trouble. Dr. Miles' Nervine has
proven its value in such cases so
many times that it is unnecessary
to make claims for it. You can
prove its merits for yourself by
getting a bottle of your druggist,
who wiH return the price if you
receive no benefit.
.MILES EDICAU CO.,, EUfhart, Ind.
posted on current;
you read the
WluA U the nrm.U UmurVrv nt
"Win. j Uw nuuilxir o.t cubic Iwi'icnl
1 1 a Ralhn?
V!iu.t J. .i nwidlvi?
Wti.it U a :.k-iUtf .if .UUtuJe?
W'ji.' a ItrtVjr pti,?i to tfcvu
JiUln U HVnvhLbViw; 11. K. 1)
C. O. ,1).; rc s. V, 4".
Who fw.t Vf i Sk fiiSenl KVw ft l.-rue '
,WVio hUI, "WMihtr Umu m. I
will K"o; und vJiiu .ij J.i.lr-il. 1
Wlmfc li ii. tnvj.nbiK' of tlut iu I
t Wnt wi. tho r.Tvu-rtal liuul?
I Whw mu iiia prVrvt Trojui V-vl-r?
Wvvl llftrnl'.l TlMMIlfipl) HJJ1.H'
j Who wrw fhe im-?vit Onnk jy'iT-T''
I ,W.le unt .tt juwii, "1 iinif.
ww, 1 ooruHW-dr'
1 Wlv Uriv tv ftV lrilrv'ion f '"
I W-ho v( thr Cirit ciiivniaiulir of l'"
Why wow Uio "Ulms Uiwrt"
'Who put,lli'..l "I'oiV JUVVtrd'H Vli
Whrm d'd tho UnftM.im ot tlio
UnttMl av U' Into rtft'fit?
W..o m "Old ,lll.:ki-y?'i
Who inu.'titol iVio jmyyin sin? .
W v JtiM.'n.l ft h .!iSne ' v
i Wlp woii DinIM liu?n,)?
WIia,t Wiis thtt inifesiuirwj (jl" AJiVvr''
c-iti I'vlnturj) "Klfty.Cuujr, 'for,ty, r
W.'i. nM, "V)i i'uvb iifit Kfi 1'V
an 1 fiey are umrsT
WCio .-irj t!ie "iurp(4bajj..tst"
WJu.. 'Wixs Ukj fil'n wliiwri'-' J"
(WiplwTj tin "MflVy itii,?utr.7"
Wh'i i.ul Vw j1ku.iv;u of 4'ie VlnflnH'
Wlut ww t,'i9 Clt! JUrflrts HIUT
Wjo Jnnivntcid titfl mltnuvi-m:!'?
Quo: fi vci-Kj fimm yw iViTyin ni
iKium rl wi-k nt nvia1! o( t'rJ '"
Vio-4! MUton, ScoCt, LpnfifWlow, GPIJ'
sidL'i, Uu, ns. ' lUniM-,n. I)li'
UliVify by rtutho.- Btvl wo'lv itho fd'
"JWtte ejtm 5ia,ve neinj ti'i &"V !
tho imln of Ay Uori;" ,
"VI (V air no nvure by t,lie llnnirr
of Ahfj tiif)n
Oi the ujvijIi by Me oil eajUi l)r."
Children Gry i
CASTOR I A