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MIMA AS A BRIDE.
By FRANCES A. WALKER.
"i had often heard my mother and
Tjprajidmotlicr describe the negro wed-
uIImrjj on tlio plantations In the old
,-txjti 1n Virginia beforo the war. How
tins dining-room (generally) would be
-Auroraled for tho occasion, and the
.wnGclentlous mistress would sco that
ku3co and wine were provided, that
Sadj, or nctty, or Sally (as tho case
asifiht bo), had a white dress and her
man a now suit of clothes, and that
3Tqy wero properly married by tho
TKSHtist Episcopal minister who ncv-
-Called to admonish them beforehand
o the solemnity of the marrlago tjo
antf their duty to each other.
Aa earnest effort was made to im
SITV.E8 upon them tho sacramental
fAsKicter of the act, and everything
rr.ia done "decently and In order" so
fiTial I was very Interested when a
tfrSul In Mississippi, on whoso planta
Item I was visiting. Informed mo that
Jhcr maid "Halma" was going to bo
-married, and I must certainly witness
""What an odd name!" I volunteered.
Where did she get It?"
""Wo asked her mother that," said
"t7 friend, "and she said: 'Don't you
jrtMul yo Qlble? Ain't you never heer'd
tyCfhe Halma Gllead?' So she's called
-TEWma' for short."
i ""How very funny!"
' "Tst but It's nothing to the names
'Xg tbe twins, the youngest members
nC er family, two of the most absurd
pstlo pickaninnies you ever saw. They
called respectively ' 'Postle Paul
tJ Tistle Peter,' and will, no doubt,
.'iSffisxw at the wedding."
A few days later, when I went into
Isey friend's room, she was busily en
Swed In finishing off a white organdie
tats- Balma's nuptials, and was con
tosnpiatlng It with a good deal of sat
Reaction, when the "bride-elect" walk
S In 'with a bolt of excruciatingly blue
$&on and asked her, "please, ma'am,
feu Mm It up with that." So, although
3M. -went sadly against the grain, and
aasended all, our aesthetic sensibilities,
-aao festooned, and looped, and ro--aHed
the garment to any extent to
'Raima's "great satisfaction. .She show-
d rery tooth in her head and pro
nwimred It "Jes' dazzlln'!" which it
The preparations being finally com-
7s&eC, we were duly summoned to the
.jEafctaof the bride's mother, where the
Jswcmony took place In due and an-
Tbe groom (Ezekicl) was a very
siatxHooklng young negro, and was ar
rrxycC In butternut trousers and a
tSblaek coat a present from his mas
ter. He seemed to be in delicate health,
Jicrwever, as he leaned heavily on the
arm or his "waiters," and could hardly
support himself, but I soon discovered
UsA Ibis wa3 part of the etiquette of
Tiie preacher was of tho typical
atsiEvs variety black, clothes, buck
avfrj; collar, and huge horn spectacles,
r. wo- which ho contemplated tho coti
jnft, -who stood up in front of him, with
. The next day the happy pair called
entail tho cabins (an invariable custom
rot, the plantations), and then my
Sivvnfl told me that they had gone off
-tin a -wedding tour, a round trip on
SSk TCelle of the Bend to Vickshurg.
Accustomed to see all tho "newly--ifd8"
back In the cotton fields the
fltaT after a wedding, she questioned
SRi&ra, on her return, with no little
Interest as to how she had enjoyed
"Mlghtly. ma'am! Mightily! Isho'Iy
rJifJ enjoy it."
".And how did Zeko enjoy It?" we
"aWner she echoed In astonishment.
H"2WAe? You think I'd let dat fool nig
to on a bridal tower with me, and
ejad my money? No, ma'am. I left
Iiiro behind to pick cotton; ain't no
aae spollln' him that-away. Ef you
'brains right you ends right. Dat's
w'liart I say!" And with these sent!
inwota she flounced out of the room,
irUsncby wo perceived that the germ
iTSSio suffragette movement had pene
xraitd even to tho cotton fields.
Age of Specialists.
Tliero Is much of great significance
to Wjc report by local exports that.
iWn by 3ldo with the inability of a
.tfi-re.t many men and women to pro-
arre, employment, thero 1b tho inabll-
Jly of employers to got workers to till
Jttiis places they have- open. This state-
yot reveals clearly that under tho
jfHcoiilicated processes of modern In-
)u5try a man's willingness to work ia
far from qualifying him for work
uraitkig to bo doue. The person wish-
inr to be mini of employment must
ii3.lalize In ono or more of tho many
wfcujses of work for which there seems
jiIwvpb to be a scarcity of labor. As
ejnjibaslzed In the report referred to,
Ji jfierson who relies upon his ability
i.b vcrform unspectallzcd tasks will
nnd himself In constant competition
xvlln tho tlirco or four like himself
ixi -que&t of thu one Job open for them.
Vii very best advice that can be glv-
; a young man or woman today Is
Ohio: 1-eari. to do some one thing
.&c-tter tbau most other persons can
xA. It. Specialize and keep up to
jjfc)t5 In your specialty. There Is no
jtienl of work to be dono In tho world
axd not nearly enough people who
anew how to do It. Pblla. Telegraph.
Her Way. .
"Mloa Prultyfaco has such aa en- family. I got run into by a locomo
iStrlns way about her." ' tlve- 0na ' 'om wants to cure me
! know she has. She accepts every , aa' tno other wants me to go lame ao't
uBa.n who auks her." i " ca iUe for damage."
CHILDREN ARE REAL POETS
Descriptions of Ordinary Things Show
Imaginative Fancy That Does
Not Survive the Years.
Children aro born with a taste for
knowledge. They want to know, and i
satisfied. They are fond of Imitating'
what they see around thorn. Thev are
highly Imaginative. They clothe their ,
Ideas In concrete forms. There was a
time when they wero regarded as Im-,,,.,, , , .
mature adults; we have learned that I Funilgat on Is a means of reaching
the main aim of a teacher must bo to i',orma nnd ,CCJ, Hfo ln, tho "lr of
,.! m, rit,t t .., .), f.,iinMMio room and in the cracks and cran-
goodness in the abstract Is of llttlo , aT ul l"u " """' " -,u,1w
avail; tho Imagination must be stirred. 0' T.ho ,I,OUS0I ornt?am. 81
We are accustomed to believe that r'5h.tly ,clos.cd "nd a" f(?wls, '&
.,n.o ia titi nin ,. t '"'ns fumigation. A simple method
clilluren and yet one cannot, but see .... , ,, , ,.
... .,.,. i im ,i.,.i,, lolA at stores dealing ln poultry sup
now and again gleams of thought ,, ,, , , . . , '
...i.i.i. o.,t hi.i in .,.i .".i P'Igs. Tho fumes of brlmstono may
which suggest a hidden mental power ' ' .. , . , , .. . . .
.-m. -fimn.( ,, ,.i...i, ti,iIso b0 Produced by burning in n
working almost unconsciously. Tho
llttlo girl who "gathered sunlight In
her hands and put It on her face"
knew something of the effects of heat.
. And how full of humor are some of
the sayings of children. It was Punch,
we believe, who depicted Tommy, aft
er he had been severely corrected,
as exclaiming: "I fink I'll go back to
heaven, where I came from." And
what n fund of suggestion was con
veyed by tho little girl who, on hear
ing a running tap, said that "the Wa
ter was coughing!"
The poetry of life is frequently seen
in childhood. We have this Illustrated
in tho descrlp'of butterflies as
"pansies ttylnifr A star Is a cinder
from God's greu star" has a wealth
of unconscious meaning. But per
haps the finest approach to poetry
was made by a tiny tot who defined
dew as "the grass crying." Oh,
auntie!" said the little girl. "I've Just
seen a pencil walking." The nurse,
who had grown out of fairyland, ex
plained that it was only an ordinary
OBSERVE MONTH OF RAMIDAN
Period That Is Considered Most Holy
by the Followers of tho Prophet
It is the holy month of Ramldan ln
Constantinople. By reason of the
declaration In the Koran "that the
number of the months is twelve (lunar
months), as it was ordained by Al
lah," in the course of thirty-three
years Ramldan makes the entire cir
cuit of the seasons. It was on the
15th of the holy month of Ramldan
that the first chapter of the Koran
was delivered to men. On that day
the sultan goes to the "Chamber of
the Sacred Mantle." This mantle was
worn by the prophet and on this day
It and other relics of the prophet are
brought out to public view. Other
relics aro banners which once hung
before the tent of his favorite wife
Ayesha. and the prophet's beard,
which Is more potent In strength than
the hair of Samson, and invigorates
all who may touch It; a tooth which
Mohammed had knocked from his Jaw
when struck by a stone from a sllng
ln battle, and a chunk of lime with a
footprint In It made by tho prophet
when he sprung from It to tho back
of his magic steed, Al Borak, "the
lightning." It was upon this animal
that Mohammed visited Jerusalem
and the. seven heavens from -which
he obtained important and exclusive
Things That You Can't Do.
Here are some things you can't do.
Or, If you can, you aro different from
99 per cent, of mankind. Can you re
peat from memory (don't look) the
wording on a 2-cent stamp? Can you
copy out from memory the exact fig
ures as they appear on the dial of
your watch? Can you copy from mem
ory the exact wording on a 1-cent
piece or say which way tho head on
the coin Is facing? Can you say from
memory whether the heads on a cent,
a nickel, a dime and a quarter all
face the same way? All these are
things you have seen and bandied
slnco boyhood. They should be far
more familiar to you than the alpha
bet. Yet It is ten to one you can't
give correct answers to one of the
foregoing questions. Why can't you?
Try them on your friends.
Simple Portable Elevator.
The rovolvator is a portable eleva
tor which Is designed for use In ware
houses and storebouseswhere it may
bo desired to stack heavy packages
one abovo the other for the economiz
ing of space. It consists of a truck
which may be readily moved about
tho room and an upright arm sup
porting a platform on which the box
or package Is placed. Reaching the
point desired, the machine and Us
Joad may be readily swung around
into the most convenient position for
unloading and the burden is raised
to the height necessary and the box
Is pushed off on top of another sim
ilar box. Several men might be re
qulredto perform this task, but with
this dovice ono or two at tho most
are eutlrely sufficient to handle the
large and heavy packages.
"I educated one of my boya to be
a doctor and the other a lawyer," said
Farmer Corntossol, as bo shifted his
"That ought to be a good arrange
ment" "It's nothing of the kind. It has led
to a row that's goto' to break up the
HOW TO FUMIGATE HEN HOUSE
UUIID,nB onoula O0 ea "0""
and All Fowls Excluded Be "
Careful of Poison Used.
. , 1.....M , I. r t .t aa . 1 1 Mn.a.
metallic basin (such as an old iron
kettle) a number of rags previously
soaked in melted sulphur. Sulphur
may be mixed with a llttlo alcohol or
kerosene oil and burned, or it may be
jprlnkled upon llvo coals placed ln a
chafing dish. Tho house or room
should be kept closed for several
hours and then opened as thoroughly
as possible to allow the wind to drive
out any remaining trace of poisonous
gas. In fumigating by burning sub
stances be careful not to sot lira to
the building. Remember also that in
most cases the substances which are
used are poisonous to human life and
to fowls. Carelessness ln their use or
In leaving them about where chick or
child can get at them may have dire
USING A FIRELESS BROODER
Box Protected by Wool Carpet and
Heated by Small Jug of Warm Wa
ter It Excellent.
A there are many poultrymen who
prefer to raise chicks in a Artless
brooder, we give here a plan sug
gested by W. D. Neale, which has been
used successfully for two years, says
the Iowa Homestead. Ho secured a
box three feet long, sixteen Inches
wide and eight Inches deep
from his grocer for fifteen cents.
An opening was made ln one side Of
the box four Inches ln width and
height to admit the chicks. To fit
In this box, make a frame of laths
two Inches less ln width and length
than the box. The laths were placed
Fee A Browcrlr
about three inches apart and nailed
securely to cross pieces at either end.
This frame fitted Inside the box nnd
rested on nails, two at each end,
driven through the box at tho desired
height These nails wero withdrawn
and driven higher in the ends of the
box as tho chicks grew so that they
would have more room beneath tho
frame. A piece of wool carpet was
thrown over the top of the frame and
pressed down beneath the lath so that
Covering of, Brooder.
the folds would Just touch the downy
backs of the thicks. On cold nights
an extra piece of carpet was thrown
over the box or a small Jug of warm
water placed inside. The bottom of
the box was kept covered with straw.
Never harbor mongrel Btock.
Don't forget to whitewash the In
terior of your houses.
Expect disease and low vitality
when fowls are inbred year In and
Send to market all the stock that
you can spare, for the prices of feed
aro stilt high.
Plump chickens aro wanted ln
market; remember that lousy chick
ens will not fatten.
From October 15th to about Nov
ember 20th the best prices for poultry
are generally obtained.
New blood may be added to the
flock, by buying some choice pullets
of a reliable poultry keeper.
Lining nest boxes with newspapers
makes It easy to lift out litter, paper
and all. Then set a match to It
Authorities claim that the eggs
from a hen will bo fertile for ten
days after tho removal of tho male
from the flock.
Do not let your young birds roost
with the old hens, as they are liable
to catch diseases which old hens aro
more subject to.
All hens which have completed their
second laying season should be dis
posed of at once, to make room. for
the young stock-.
Save the small potatoes and Imper
fect heads of cabbage and other waste
vegetables. They will all be relished
by the hens ln the winter.
Don't delay any longer making re
pairs to the houses or fences, winter
nay be here before you are ready,
Vt the game tlmo, clean up the run'
rttstf A 4 I n Al tn1 .- t 1m A flit ll tk
J? watertight 7
ST---" rirr---,".rj '.-"-a"1 VJ t
ALTERED IN THEIR MEANING
Phrases, Passing Through Genera
tions, Become Distorted Before
Word building Ih as much n piece
of carpentry ns Is houso building.
Only It takes longer. Sometimes a
century more. And by that time the
word's first meaning Is usually chang
ed. For example, tho old word for
"neighbor" was "sib." One's good
neighbor was known hb one's "good
sib." This hecamo shortened to
'godslb,' and later to "gossip." Then
the word's whole meaning changed
and gossip no longer meant good
nelchbor. but applied to the sort of
j talk exchanged between good neigh
Take the word "farmer," too. The
old word for '.farmer" wns "boor."
(And "boor" later -was used for de
scribing farmer-like or rough per
sons.) The fnnner living nearest to
ono wns known as the "nlghboor,"
nnd this phrase, ln courso of time,
was twisted to "neighbor."
You've heard tho proverb. "Little
pitchers have big cars." Well, it
doesn't refer to the utensil that holds
water or goes to the corner sldo door.
"Pitcher" was a slang term wltb
some such meaning as our word '"chap"
or "fellow." Thus, "Little fellows
havo "big ears" Is a more sensible
rendering of the proverb. Chicago
PRETTY LANGUAGE OF LOVE
In Switzerland Flowers Are Made Uis
of by Those Who Seek Their
Companions In Life.
In remote Alpine hamlets and vll
lages especially ln the Bernese Ober
land there still exist ancient and pret
ty customs of proposing marriage by
the languago of flowers. If a maid
accepts a bouquet of edewelos from a
accepts a bouquet of edelweiss from t
him as her fiance, the Idea being that
the man has risked his life to obtain
the flowers for the woman he loves.
Another method which exists In the
Canton of Glarus Is for the young man
to place a flowerpot containing a sin
gle rose and a note on the window
sill of the girl's room when she Is ab
sent from home and wait perhapf
days for a reply. If the maid takes
the rose, the young man boldly en
ters the house to arrange matters
with her parents, but If the rose Is al
lowed to fade away the proposal Is re
Jected without a single word having
been exchanged between the couple
Sometimes a fickle girl will keep a
young man watting a day or two for
an answer, but whatever It may be It
is considered final.
Secret of Happiness.
Most of us begin well. When we
are quite young, 'we'"are full of faith
We believe In others, and we also be
lieve In our own powers of overcoming
faults and fallings.
We set out full of tho zest of life
no hill is too high to climb, no point
too lofty to reach.
nut later most of us get dlscour
aged. We And that our friends aro no!
so noble as we thought them, that I'
is much harder to root out our faulti
and failings than we imagined, and
perhaps In tlmo to take up the fool
lsh, Boul-destroylng Idea that so lont
as we are "no worse than other pco
pie" it is all right.
Let us try to keep tho high Ideal:
that we learned at our mother's knee
to .11 keep our faith ln human na
ture, no matter how often we may b
disappointed. Let us still strive foi
perfection and resolve to do our best
again and again, no matter how ofter
wo may fall. For only by doing thli
can we keep our hearts young, bow
ever old we may live to be, and onl
so can we bo our best and do oui
Blanket Grow on Trees.
Blankets grow on trees ln Ecuador
and while tho idea of an all wool, fresh
from the forest, bed covering mlghl
give Insomnia and a backache to the
child of civilization who likes to snug
gle comfortably under several lay
ers of down and wool, the natives find
It all right, as in fatt It Is.
When nn Ecuador Indian wants
blanket, he hunts up a demajagua tree
and cuts from It a five or six foot
ccctlon of tho peculiarly soft, thick
bark. This is dampened aud boater
until the flexibility of the sheet ii
Tho rough gray exterior Is next
peeled off and the shoot dried in the
sun. The result Is a blanket, soft
light and fairly warm, of an attrao
tive cream color. It may be rolled
Into a compact bundle without hun
and with ordinary usage will last foi
Birds Commit Suicide.
A very strange occurrence In na
tlonal history has been seen in the
flooded country of the Fen district in
eastern England. A narrow bank
runs alongside a flooded area of near
ly 2,000 acres. Walking along this
with Intention of learning what bad
happened to his partridges, a koepei
,put up a covey. ( It .flew la. tho direc
tion of the longest arm of the flood.
The blrds which were rather a late
hatched covey, after flying some dis
tance, suddenly and at one moment
together dropped into the water and
were all drowned.
It has, been much discussed lately
how the partridges are able to fly,
but the curious part of this collapse
was that the whole number fell slmul
taneously, as If. they had decided tc
You can not keep posted on current
events unless you read the
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On Board the Good Ship, Eartli
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