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MOPKINSVILLE KENTUCKILN, NOVEMBER 7
or tne hmd, 'pMitotr TtatWa between
the eye n4 ttM nostril.
I The Yo0tM n)w can always be
told by t)M fHftt ot the eye, whlek
stand trtfclly, similar to the pupil
of a oat's eye, while la the eye f
other MMka the pupil runs horlacra
Ully. Plctares of the heads of eolaoBOtta
"4 aea-pc-laonoua snake should fc
1 jyl ' jjpJJdiMk
HOW TO KNOW AND AVOID THr
By a careful study of the subject It
has been found that there are about
twenty-five different kinds of snakes
la the state of Ohio.
Prom our own knowledge of rep
tilea It is probable that this number
of varieties will be found In most of
the middle west and western states.
The venomous snakes found In xthat
section of the country west of Penn
sylvania are two kinds of rattlesnakes
and the copperhead. The copperhead
Is pretty widely distributed. It is
hasel-brown, shaded with coppery red
and has on its back fifteen to twenty
Ave V-shaped yellow blotches and a
row of thirty-five to forty black spots
on each side. The head Is copper
colored, and the length of this snake
is not over forty inches.
The copperhead is a dangerous
snake, because It has no rattle with
which to warn persons approaching
it and is quick to strike. However, It
qulgkly disappears on thes clearing of
Side View Mouth Open to Shew
Teeth and Tongue.
carefully studied, as by close obser
vations the pits on the Bides of the
head and the catllko eyes will always
disclose the nature of the reptile.
When the different snakes are con
sidered, their food will be found to
include a great variety of animals.
Some snakes feed largely upon in
sects, still others upon mice. Many
do not show any decided choice of
food and take whatever they find
easiest to procure. So far as they
make their food of field mice, they
are highly beneficial, for these mice
causo much injury. Many of the In
sects and animals taken for food are
Injurious and snakes benefit man by
feeding upon them. Much of the food
eaten has no economic value and
therefore Is not considered in eco
nomic treatment. However, snakes
sometimes feed upon birds and eggs
and some of them havo adopted this
habit to the extent that during the
etria and throat a4 aearly aorforrary
ceiered aealea without white margins.
The pilot snake has keeled scales all
over Its body; the scale have white
margins, but there Is no white mark
lag on. chin and throat Both of these
snake are commonly found in mead
ows where they ready acces to
meadow mioe. Jaet last summer the
writer happened to be in a meadow
at the time it was being mown aad
had the pleasure of seeing an im
mense blue racer come out of the tall
grass with a large mouse in Its mouth.
It stopped In plain sight and swal
lowed the mouse whole, as is the
habit of all snakes.
This was a demonstration ot an
economics habit, and as meadow mice
were abundant In tho field in ques
tion, the Berpent had no doubt taken
up its abode there for the time being
and was fattening itself on the ro
dents. We have a number of small snakes
like the grass snakes, ribbon snakes
and water snajces, and some larger
ones, like the fox snakes, milk snakes,
and one of the water snakes, which
are more or less common every-
iHto (fee water and mud at a secoftra
notice. A large number of our specie
of snake do more good than harm,
and this fact should be considered ir
our treatment of them.
VARIETY OF CUSTARDS
New Town an Old Name.
The city of St. Paul's first speech
was Anttoch of Pisldla. It is Import
ant to designate tho olty of the pro
vince of which it was tho capital,
since Soleuous, the founder of tho city,
the great conquoror and ruler of the
Seleucld empire, named no less than
sixteen cities after his father Antl
ochus. I The name Antloch, however, is not
repeated In ancient geography so
often as many modern names recur In
modorn geography. Thero is, for in
Btance, a Washington In almost every
atato of tho union, and no postmaster
would be wise enough to know whore '
la letter addressed to "Newton"
Bhould go unless tho state was also
added. It 1b Interesting, by tho way,
to note the name Newton was as
popular In tho ancient geographies as
in the modern, only It was called Nea
polls, which meant new town, or now
Thero was a Neapolla through which
St Paul passod on this very Journey
some twenty miles from Antloch. At
another Noapolls on the coast of Mace
donia ho landed on his way to Philippi
on a later journey; and the great
modern city of Naples is but another
way of spelling Neapolla or now town
SURELY SOME HERE TO PLEASE
lanTand the settlement of tho coun
try. There are two species of rattlers,
the prairie and tho common rattle
snake. The former varies in color,
'Hot Black Snake (non-venomous).
?' Side view to show round pupil
and slender form of head.
existing in both light and dark form
and many people believe there are
sevefil species of this snake. It lives
Jn lojft swampy regions.
The common rattlesnake is larger
and much lighter in color. It lives
among the rocks.
Poisonous snakes are all attractive
in appearance and may usually be
Imdw by the rather short, Btout body
and flattened head.
They are differ6nt from all , other
snakes in that they have well devel
oped, poison fangs in tho front of
the uppbjMaw. ji JScfgo ' pit at the. . sjde
Head of Prairie Rattler (venomous).
Side view to show "pit," vertical
pupil and bulging' cheeks.
testing season most of their food is
ot this kind. So far as they do this
they are considered injurious, for
most birds are highly beneficial. Birds
that build pn the ground suffer most
from this cause, although some ser
pents climb trees readily and nests
In trees are not beyond their reach.
There are two species of large black
snakes In several states; one is called
simply black snake, or at other times,
when It has a bluish color, blue racer.
The other is properly called pilot
snake. The two are distinguished by
the following characteristics: The
bliio racer has smooth, shining scales
all over Us body, a white marking on
Side view mouth open to shew
, fang raised and In filmy sheath, small
teeth and harmless forked tongue.
Shows also how the head Is spread
and the Hps held back when the
snake Is striking.
where. Some of these are likely to
continue common whero some other
species will become extirpated, for
each has some peculiarity which acts
as a protection. The wator snakes
live in small creeks and ditches ev
erywhere and find protection in debris
that gathers In obstructing places. As
we shall always have open waterway,
I these snakes havo a great prospect
I for the future. The grass snakes are
colored like the foliage and are thus
t well protected. The milk snake is
i adapted for living about human habl
i tatlons and so will not be necessarily
I reduced In numbers by the clearing
and ditching of the country.
As snakes are more often than any
i other animal killed at sight, the
writer cannot resist the temptation at
this time of saying something in their
( behalf. It Is surely a pity that no
snake, no matter how useful, or on the
other hand how lacking In any harm
ful trait, dare show Itself in the open
without risking its life. The water
- snake has some way ot appreciating
this situation, for when it comes out
of the water to sun itself, It rests in
such a position .that It can slide oft
Opinion of an Expert
Archibald, age six, son ot a south
side, family, newly arrived from a
3mall town, is against automobiles
first, last and all the time. He much
prefers wagons. He explained his
point of view to hjs mother tho other
day. It appeared that ho had found
motor cars useless for "hltchin on"
lis little red cart. Said Archie:
"They ain't no good. They ain't no
good place to hitch on, and if you do
iiltch on they go so fast It pulls your
hair, an If you stay on till It pulls yer
hair, they squirt stuff on you that
makes yer clothes smell second hand-,
sd." Kansas City Journal.
Baseball a Great Clvlllzer.
Baseball is the greatest of all clv-
(llzers, even more potent than the
time-honored three R's or spelling
book, according to Prof. William
Pierce Gorsuch of the University of
Chicago, who has just returned from
a. tour around the world. American
1 teachers in the Philippines have rec
ognized the "civilizing" influence of
the national game, Profesor Gorsuch
says, and are dally giving instruction
n baBeball just as they do in reading
and writing. According to the teach
' srs, love for this pastime Is causing a
rapid decrease in the number ot cock
ind bull fights In the Islands.
Say, you! Advertise in this paper!
Chocolate, Always a Favorite, May B
Easily and Quickly Prepared Made
From Chopped Nut Meats Is
Another Delicious Confection. -
Chooolate Custard Cook 4 tea
spoons cocoa In ono-half cup hot
water till thick, then add 4 cups hot
milk. Pour over 2 woll-boaten eggs
and stir well. Strain Into a pudding
dish and steam 20 minutes. Serve
with whipped cream piled on top,
sweetened and flavored. One cup
sugar should be added to tho cus
tard. Fresh Apple Custard To one pint
apple sauoe add one quart sweet milk,
four eggs, ono tablespoon cornstarch,
pinch ot salt one-fourth grated nut
meg, one tablespoon melted butter.
Juice one lemon and grated rind ot
half. Bake with under crust only
and do not put any meringue on It
Nut Custard. Poach the beaten
whites of four eggs by spoonfuls in
throe cups ot scalding milk, drain
thoroughly and return the milk which
drips off to the double boiler. Beat
the .yolks of tho eggs until light add
haM a cup of sugar and half a salt
spoon ot salt, pour In the hot milk
slowly, then stir and cook until thick.
Remove from the fire, add three-quarters
of a cup of chopped nut meats,
flavor with almond or vanilla, turn
into a glass dish and cover with tho
Coffee Custard. Tie half cup of
ground coffee in 'a muslin bag, put
It in a quart of hot milk and cook 20
minutes in a double boiler. Stir two
tablespoonfuls of flour Into one cup
of sugar, add half saltspoon of salt
and four beaten eggs, stir In the fla
vored milk and cook In the double
boiler until thick, stirring constantly.
Pill sherbet cups with tho custard
and servo ice cold with a spoonful ot
whipped cream in each.
Orange Custard Peel four Bweet
oranges, remove all white pith and
cut In circles. Lay tho slices In a
glass dish and sprinkle with pow
dered sugar. Pour over them a cus
tard raado of tho yolks of two eggs,
one tablespoon of sugar, one cup of
milk and vanilla flavoring. Put abovo
mixture In a saucepan and set In a
larger pan of boiling water. Heat
slowly and stir till it begins to thick
en. Do not let It boll or It will curdle..
Add whites of eggs, beat thoroughly
and pour over oranges. Serve cold.
Lemon Custard Grate the thin,
yellow rind of lemon and press out
all the juice. Mix the grated rind
and juice with ono cup of water, place
over the Are and allow to boll, then
add one tablespoon butter, one of
cornstarch, wet In. .half .cm, of. .cold
water. When it bolls again remevw
from the fire, add a tiny pinch of swM
ahd allow to cool. Break two egai
Into a bowl, reserving one of Um
whites of tho eggs. Beat the em .
until light add one cup of granulated ;
sugar and add to the cornstarch. Pow
into a buttered pan and bake until '
tho custard is firm. About 20 minute
will bo snfficlent Beat tho white oT
egg to a stiff froth with a tableapooa
of sugar and spread this lightly over
the top of the custard and return U
the oven until a dolicato brown. ThU
custard may also bo cooked In amal
Individual cups. Fill tho cups and set
them In a pan, which must be filled
with boiling water to nearly reae
the top of tho cups. When the cue
tarda are bakod remove from the paa
and allow to cool. Servo with a llttfe
grated nutmeg on top of each, or
bit of bright Jelly.
Tapioca and Milk Soup.
Use half a cupful of taptooa, to;
cupfuls of water, two pints of milk,
two tablespoonfuls ot butter, one ta,
blespoonful of flour, a teaspoonful car
salt a dash of pepper, one m edits
sized onion, two blades of celery
a slight grating ot nutmeg. Wash
tapioca and soak it for six hour
tho two cupfuls of cold water, then
It in a double boiler and set It on
stove to heat Put the butter.
onion and the celery chopped fine
a small frying pan and cook slo
for ten minutes; add tho floor and a
until smooth and frothy. Pour
contents of pan Into a boiler of
milk, add the salt, pepper and n'
meg and cook ten minutes lo
strain tho milk mixture into the bol.V
er containing the tapioca and cook at
for half an hour.
Sweet Pickled Peaches.
To seven pounds of fruit allow three
and three-quarter pounds of sugar
Put tho sugar Into a kettle with one
quart of vinegar and two ounces oadj
ot cloves and Btlck cinnamon. Part
the peaches and stick a clove or two
In each one. Place a few at a time
in the boiling sirup and cook until
they look clear but are not so soft
as to fall apart When all cooked and
removed from the sirup, continue tq
boll the sirup until it is reduced near
ly one-half, then pour over th1
Delicious Fudge Cake.
Break Into a bowl two eggs and
add a cup and a half of milk. Place
in a crock and add two cups of sugar,
two cups of flour (sifted two or three
times), with two teaspoonfuls of bak
ing powder, hten add four teaspoonfuls
cocoa, last add three tablespoonfuls
melted lard. Place in pans and bake.
Filling Buy five cents' worth of
marshmallows, lay even on china
plate, place in moderate oven till
marshmallows spread out In shape of
the plate; spread between cake layers.
Read our premium offers in this issue
The Hopkins ville Kentuckian
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