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HOPKINSVILLE KENTUCKIAN MAY 11
r Hookinsvillc Kentuckian.
PuWtehd Ewy Ottwr Day. (
f OKDAY, TltOKSflAY Vli SVTUKDAY ;
MOK ft (, BY
CHAS. M. MEACHAM
Entered ftt th Hoptineville Foat
offlee ete Seetwid Cn Mall Muter.
Eetftbltebed as Hopkinsville Conser
vative in 1866. Succe' deil by Hop
kiDBville Democrat 1876. Publ shed
as theKouth Kentuckian 1870 to 1889.
FIFTY FIRST YEAR.
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SSI2SOl3TH MAIN STREET.
THURSDAY, MAY 11
The President's latest note serves
notice qn Germany that future friend
ly relations depend on keeping the
latest promise, Another breach of
faith will automatically sever rela
tions. The "General Conference of the
Methodist Episcopal Church went on
record as opposing any change in the
church law requiring bishops to re
tire a( the Conference nearest their
So far as known the Hopkinsville
Christian church had the largest Sun
day School attendance in Kentucky
Sunday. The nexi largest was the
Crescent Hill Methodist, of Louisville,
with 822 and the Tabernacle Baptist
The case of the commonwealth vs.
W. H. Peterson and Ollie Jackson,
indicted at the February term of court
with about thirty-three others, charged
"swift "banding and confederating to
gether for the purpose of intimidating
others," was called at Madisonville
Monday, and is now on trial.
Almost half a billion bushels is the
winter wheat harvest forecast for this
yearbythe Department of Agricul
ture in its May crop report. That is
$155,000,000 bushels less than
harvested last year when a world's
record crop was gathered in the
United States, but the crop this year
is growing on a much smaller acreage
and the severe winter caused a heavy
abandonment of the acreage planted
last fall. In all 4,236,000 acres were
abandoned, leaving for harvest 33,
030,000 acres, which is 7,433,000
acres less than harvested last year.
Henry Lawrence, of the Cadiz Rec
ord, is inclined to look at the ques
tion of bathing from Jim Lemon's
standpoint, as shown by this para
graph: "A Florida man broke his
neck as the result of a fall in n bath
tub recently. A prominent Ken
tuckian broke a few ribs in a like
manner just a few years ago, and
other accidents of a more or less seri
ous nature have been reported from
like experiences. All of this goes to
show that there is a lot of danger in
all this bathtub business we hear so
much about, and it is better some,
times to let the scales remain than to
wash them off."
A n?te cabled by Secretary LansinR
lo Ambassador Gerard for delivery to
the Berlin foreign office informs the
German government that tho United
States accepts its declaration of its
abandonment of its former submarine
policy, and now relics' upon a scrupu
Inns execution of the altered policy to
remove the principal danger of an in
terruption of the good relations exist
ing between tho two countries. With
this acceptance is coupled formal notice-
to Germany that the United States
cannot for a moment entertain much
less discuss a suggestion that respect
by German naval authorities for the
ritrhts of citizens of the United States
on tho high seas snouia in me Biigm
est decree bo made contingent upon
the conduct of any other government
affecting tho rights of neutrals and
non- combatants. This is in reply to
the concluding statement in tho List
German note, to the effect that whilo
submarine commanders had been or
dered to sink no peaceful freight or
passenger carrying ships without
safety for passengers and crew, the
German government would reserve
to itself complete liberty of decision
unless tl United States was success
ful la'm ffrts to bm)c Uh British
BIG IN PROMISE
Match Among Families
to be Staged.
Kentucky hens will lay $15,000,000
worth of eggs this year, according to
the estimate of Prof. J. J. Hooper,
head of the Department of Animal
Husbandry, State University.
Before 1022 he expects to see the
eggs from the same number of hens
return $30,000,000 to the poultry rais
ers and farmers of Kentucky.
Tho average hen is paying for her
"Iceep" with less fhn fiv d7pn poor
a year. She should bo producing
more than ten dozen. Tho fault is
with her owner in large degree.
The egg-laying contest to be inaug
urated at tho experiment station No
vember 1 is to be the vehicle for a
transformation. The first effect will
bo to eradicate the scrub hens from
Kentucky. Hens that cannot yield
better than five dozen eggs in twelve
months are going to the block.
The second effect will be to stimu
late the owner of flocks to use his
brain and sq feed the house and man
age his chickens that the annual egg
crop will double itself.
Incidentally, the poultry movement
will be given big impetus, and in five
years the number of hens should be
largely in excess of the total to-day.
PERPETUAL CONTEST FOR LEX
INGTON. Work on a two-thousand dollar
plant to accommodate a perpetual
egg-laying contest an event which
will bo as interesting to poultry peo
ple as a horse race with weekly,
monthly and year-long heats will be
commenced at the Experiment Station
farm in the skirts of Lexington with
in a few weeks. Professor Hooper
will go to Mountain Grove, Missouri,
Monday for an inspection of a sixty-
pen plant largest of the only two of
the kind in the United States. When
he has returned, final touches will be
given to the plans for the plant here,
and a bpok of rules and information
will go to the printer.
Six acres of a beautiful bluegrass
lawn will be devoted to the purpose.
The contest will start with fifty pens,
each 30x15 feet, and every pen will
have a house of latest design. The
pens will front on lanes, and the
grounds will have the appearance of
a little city. Each pen will be the
home of a group of hens. Contest
ants will also be ullowed a reserve
hen, and during three months of the
year, wnen lertile eggs will De pro
duced for hatching, they will provide
a male bird.
ROOSTERS FROM FAMOUS DAMS
From eggs produced next spring
and each successive spring the Ex
periment Station will reserve settings
from the seventeen standard breeds,
and from these will hatch a battery of
roosters to be used for the mating sea
son the next year.
It is estimated that the fifty pens
will produce a caso of eggs every two
days. A contract will be made with
a New York house to take the entire"
output of nine months of the year,
and the returns will be applied to run
ning expenses. Eggs hid during the
remaining quarter will belong to the
owners of the pens, with certain res
Tho laylttg ground will bo enclosed
and gates will be kept locked. Each
pen likewise will bo kopt under lock
and key continuously. The plant will
be in charge of two men. One will
make the collection of eggs and keep
the books. Tho other will feed tho
chickens, remove waste and, ehango
TRAP NESTS IOR CONTESTANTS
Each house will be provided with
trap nests. These are so constructed
that when a hen enters the door clos
es automatically and she can not get
out until tho egg checker makes his
rounds. Upon opening tho door, tho
checker will examine the, number on
the hen's leg rin enter her number
and the number of tho pen in the
record, and then write both numbers
on tho egg itself.
Reports will bo given out every
week and at tho end of each month.
Handsomo rtbbons will bo given for
tho leading hen and the leading pen
each month. On tho last day of Oct.
each year, medals and certificates will
be awarded to the owner of the
champion hen and the champion pen.
The next day a new contest of 386
days will start.
contestants who live in Kentucky and
probably twenty dollars for outsiders.
Professor Hooper now is concerned
over n means of holding chtricJown
to tho capacity of the plant. He plans
to allow three pens of each of the
standard types of pure-bred chickens,
hut has yet to solve the problem of
selecting three from the number in
each line who will make application.
WILL MAKE KENTUCKY CHICK
With the inaugui ation of the contest,
Kentucky will take rank with Missouri
and Conneticut in tho interest of poul-
trymen. The plant here will be of
equal size with that at Storrs, Con-
nectcut, and in five years it is expect
ed that the number of pens will have
been increased materially. Large
numbers of visitors will be attracted
to Lexington the year round, and re
ports from ihe content w"1 keep the
city in the prints.
Professor Hooper said to-day that
care would be taken to exclude every
form of advertising. Overtures have
been made by various feed mixers,
medicine companies and equipment
manufacturers for concessions, and
all have been refused. The owners
of pure-bred chickens who supply the
market will enjoy an automatic ad
vertisement through the performance
of their pens, but this will be a thing
entirely apart from the management
of the contest.
NO PARTIALITY POSSIBLE.
All hens participating in the contest
will be fed precisely tho same rations
and housed and handled the same.
So far as those in charge of the plant
are concerned, it will be purely a con
test among numbers. The record will
bo kept by pens, numbered from one
to fifty, and by impersonal chickens
numbered from one to two hundred
and fifty. Only in announcements
will cognizance be takenvof who may
own the leading hen or the leading
All chickens entered for the contest
will be received October 15 and they
will have fifteen days in which to be
come acclimated and accustomed to
quarters and handling. At dawn No
vember 1 the first race will start, and
famous the hen who leads the first
week and the first month and the first
year. The plant will be accessible to
visitors during certain hours the year
round, but they will have to be es
corted by some contest official.
POULTRY TO BE BIG ASSET.
What the eorr-laying contest has
done for the poultry industry of Mis
souri, Dr. J. H. Kastle, director of tho
Experiment Station, and Professor
Hooper believe this contest will do for
Kentucky. When the experiment was
introduced five years ago the com
mercial egg business in the neighbor
state amounted to only about fifteen
millions of dollars. In five years it
has been doubled, and it is increasing
by leaps and bounds.
An important result of the contest
has been the development of a great
trade in pure-bred poultry stock and
eggs for hatching, making Mountain
Grove the chicken capital. Kentucky
chickens are worth approximately
five million dollars, with the great
bulk of them grades and scrubs. In
five years the state's poultry asset
should multiply several times. Lead
er. Time Card
Effective April 10, 1916.
TRAINS GOING SOUTH.
N.7. 93-C. & N, O. Lim. 11:56 p. m.
N?. 51 St. L. Express 5:29 p. m. i
No. D5 -Dixie Flyer 9:35 a. m.
No. BaHoDklnsville Ac. 7:00 a. m.
No. 63-St. L. Fast Mail 6:36 n. m.
TRAINS GOING NORTH.
No. 92-C. & St. L. Lim. 5:29 n. m.
No. 52 St. Louis Express 9:551a. m.
No. 94-Dixie Flyer 7:02 p. m.
No. 5G Hopkinsville Ac. 8:55 p. m.
No. 64-Sf. L. Fast Mail 10:16 p. m.
No. 51 connects at Guthrie for
Memphis nnd points as far south as
Erin, and for Louisville, Cincinnati
and the East.
Nos. 53 and 55 make direct con
nection at Guthrie for Louisville,
Cincinnati urd all points north and
No. 93 carries through sleepers to
Atlanta, Macon, Jacksonville, St
Augustine, and Tampa, Fla. Also
Pullman sleepers to New Orleans.
Connect at Guthrie for points Em
and West. 'No. 93 will not' carry o
eil passengers for points north of
Wonderful Engineering Feat
Linking Marseilles With
Marseilles, May 10. The canal be
tween Marseilles and the river Rhone,
constituting one of tho most notable
engineering achievements of modem
times, was officially opened yesterday
in the presence of a distinguished
gathering of members of the cabinet
and other officials, including Marcel
Scmbat, minister of nublic works; !
Etienne Clcmcntel, minister of com
merce, and Joseph Thierry, under
secretary ot war.
Hitherto Marseilles, although a
great port of entry for tho Mediter
ranean, has been walled in from cen
tral France by a mountainous ridge
that sweeps entirely around the
northern side of the city. The canal
islchiefly remarkable in that it pierces
this mountainous barrier, the water
way running for five miles in a tun
nel under a mountain. It thus has
the effect of linking Marseilles with
inland cities such as Lyons, Avignon
and Valence, and putting it in touch
with the extensive inland commerce
along the river Rhone. It also will
give Marseilles a direct water connec
tion with Havre and the North Sea
and form a part of a canal system con
necting the centers of France's pro
ductive resources in oil coal arid iron.
The canal and its tunnel have been
under discussion for nearly one hun
dred years, but the actual work on
them was not begun until 1904. The
total length of the canal is sixty miles,
and the five mile section under the
mountain is seventy-five feet wide
and seventy feet high, constituting
what is declared to be the largest tun
nel interior in the world. Barges and
vessels up to 600 tons can navigate
the tunnel and the canal, which, like
the Kiel canal, it is believed, will have
a strategic value in permitting the
movement of destroyers and small
warcraft between the Mediterranean
and the North' sea. The cost of the
work has been about 100,000,000
francs, ,of which Marseilles pays one-
third and the government the remain
Wool rolls for hand spinning and
scoured wool batting in sheets the
full size of quilt. Cash for wool.
J AS. CATE&SON CO.,
NATIONAL CARTOON SERVICE CCRR N. Y.
v FA. '
You oomY think)
i i r .. A
PO YOU YJ
rich !w Rfrlnrd ?
the money that sdme
If YOU arc extravagant roll this heavy stone out of your path
way to SUCCESS and WEALTH.
One from one lonvs NOTHING. If you spend ALL you cam
with your labor or in your business you have nothing loft. That's
The way to quit throwing money away is to QUIT. The way to
begin to put money in our bank and grow rich is to BEGIN
Begin now and
Put YOUR money in OUR bank.
We pay U per cent, interest on time certificates of deposits.
Bank of Hopkinsville
AND DRESSY SPRING MODELS
to make room for Summer Hats
I have 15 Hats ranging from $10 to $18
that go on sale for the next ten days at
$3. 50, $5.00, $6.00, $8.00
COME EAR LY
These Are Choice Hats and Go on Sale
THURSDAY, MAY 4th.
Ida T. Blumensteil
2nd Floor, Cherokee Bldg.
Ls3lB lS B
ASHEVILLE, N. C. and RETURN
Southern Baptist Convention
May 13th to 17th.
Tickets on sale May 13th
until May 31st. And can
fifty cents until June 15th.
on L. & N: Ticket Agent.
WITHOUT A BATH ROOM There is no reason'for being without
One as We are fully eouinped to Install One .on short
HUGH MC5HANE. PIi
to 17th. Good for return
be extended by payment of
For further information call
S. WOOSLEY, T. A.
' - - ' v b