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PsbWied Every Otfer Day
TraeoxY, Thursday and Saturday
CHAS. M. MEACHAM
Entered at thT Hopkinsvlllo Post
office aa Second Class Mail Matter.
Established as Hopkinsvlllo Conser
yativo in 1860. Succeeded, by Hop
MasYiUo Democrat 1876. Published
at tho South Kentuckian 1879 to 1889.
FIFTY'S ECOND YEAR
.fc! YEAK 12.00
dX MONTHS 1.00
J HEE MONTHS 60
UNGLE COPIES be
Advertising Rntoa on APplloatlons
(12 SOUTH MAIN STREET.
WATTH THE DATE After your' w,th tcrmlnnl on tho Atlantic sea
WArm iiifc UALtuAiier your bQth n(. Ncw yjrk cUy nnd ph)1
same, renew promptly, and not miss ndeIphin( tho flrst prong pnsses through
number. The, Postal regulations Newark and Morrlstown, N. J. ; Easton
require subscriptions to be paid in nnd Allcntown, Pa., Joining with tho
I Philadelphia prong nt Reading, Pa.,
- thenco continuing westward along tho
T ' William Penn highway through llarrls-
The Jewish correspondence bureau burg( Tyrone Altoonn, to Pittsburgh;
at Tho Hague says it is reported by crossing Ohio ihrough Stcubenvllle,
tho Budapest press that all Jews Coshocton, Newark, Columbus, Spring
have been evicted from Jerusalem, j nd, TDlfn ' lndnn $T
' , Richmond, Indianapolis, Rockvllle ; 1111-
, , . 1 nols through Decatur, Springfield,
Each member of concress should be Jncksonvnie Grlggsvllle; Missouri
allowed to appoint five midshipmen through Hannibal, JIacon, Chllllcothe,
to the naval academy instead of three, St Joseph; Kansas through Hiawatha,
Secretary Daniels suggested in rec-1 Belleville, Norton, Colby, Goodland;
of next year's class.
Jr., a well
Mrs. Alfred WagstafF,
known society woman of New York,
is now a full fledged ambulance dnv-
.er on the front in France. She sup
plements this work with transporting
the wounded to the hospitals.
I The completion of the western exten-
According to figures given out by Bi0n of the highway followed an official
tho war office the British captured on inspection of the trip made by Presl
all fronts in the month of November dent C. F. Adams, In accordance with
no om : j 001 nD the decision of the midsummer meot-
26,869 prisoners and jaas. tag he,d on top of p,ke.s pcak( July
Among the captured were 11,538 men 10.11( f0n0wlng n sociability tour from
and 18 guns taken from the western Chllllcothe nnd St Joseph. The re
front. 10.504 men and 180 nuns in ports made on the inspection trip Indl-
PMpcH nnrl 4.403 men nnd three
guns in East Africa.
The internal situation in Russia re-1
mains acute. Infantry and machine
jjun detachments have been sent
against the general staff headquarters
at the front . where refusal met the
Bolsheviki regime's demand that
proper arrangements be made by the
commander-in-chief with the Ger-
mans for an armistice.
According to reports which reach
the United States forest service from
Ithe west, German efficiency is bc-
'lfeved to be manifesting itself in a
ew form of diabolism which is mak-
ise its appearancitr that part of the
jniry, xucsu reruns tsuuu umi tai-
j. sheep 9p being found dead on
i forest'ranges in unprecedented
BumbeK and a Hun plot to reduce the
country'sbeef supply is suspected.
The inter-allied conference at Paris
has ended. Colonel E. H. House,
head of the American delegation, in
the closing address declared that
there had been co-ordination and uni-'.
ty of purpose reached which prom
ised greater results for the future,
and that it was his conviction that
with this unity and by concentrated
effort we shall be able to arrive at
. the goal which we have set out to
Extremely hard fighting with the
Germans using great forces of infan
try in mass formation has taken place
along the southwestern and southeast
ern sections of the Cambrai salient.
As in their previous attacks, the Ger
mans used great masses of infantry
t Monday but the British forces every-
f 1 1 1L.I- 1
; and at last accounts were firmly hold-
ing their lino at all points.
' High tribute to the gallant conduct
of tho American engineers in France
' who were caught in the German en-
circling attack on the British lines
J' sear Cambrai Friday, is paid in an
Pofficial communication from the
( French government, received by ca
ble. It says. "Wo must remark up
V on the conduct of certain American
' soldiers, pioneers and workmen on
I' the military railroad in the sector of
tho German attack west of Cambrai
' oa Nov. SO. XfeSX exchanged their
picks and shovels for rilies and car
tridges and fought with the English.
. Many died thus bravely, arms in hand
I before the invader. All helped to re
S puke the enemy. There is not a sin-
gl person who saw them at work,
who does not render warm praise to
tbe coolness, discipline and courage
f these improvised combatants."
PIKE'S PEAK HIGHWAY OPEN
Alignment Definitely-Completed 'From
Atlantic to Pacific Lat Link
Has Been Forged.
Tho Pike's peak ocean to ocean high
way hns definitely completed nn Inde
pendent alignment from the Atlantic to
tho Tnclflc coast, snys tho New York
Tribune. Tho last link In tho chain
was forged at San Francisco on July
30, when tho national officers, in con
ference with representatives of various
California routes, selected tho Feath-
cr-RIvcr Sacramento Causeway routes
nnd established tho Pacific coast termi
nus at Oakland and San Francisco.
Colorado Springs, Manltou, Hartsel,
Buenn Vlstn, iieodvlllc, Ulenwood
Springs, Rifle, Meeker ; Utah through
Vernal, Duchesne, Heber City, Park
' taty, Salt Lake city, Ogden, urlgham.
Lucln; Nevada via the Overland trail
through Elko, Wlnnemuccn, Lovelock,
Dcno, and California through Portola,
Qulncy, Orovllle, Marysvllle, Sacramen
to, Davis, Bcnlcla, Martinez, Berkeley,
OnVlnrwl nnrl Rnn TSYnnnlsiw
that lcss than 10 per cent of the
. 1,600 miles between Colorado Springs
1 and San Francisco is In poor condition.
The road follows streams, is through
Road Through Williams Canon, Near
Inhabited territory with less desert or
desolate country to cross than any oth
er transcontinental route, and trav
erses some of the most wonderful sce
nic sections of the United States. Vis
Its were made at each town en route,
to create new enthusiasm for the route,
confer regarding highway development
nnd arrange for a more complete mark
ing system. The average running time
was 10 miles per hour.
An emphatic campaign Is now being
conducted to complcto the marking of
the Plko's Peak trail from coast to
coast. Tho national specifications re
I qulro red nnd whlto bands, each 10
' inches In width, nt cross-roads, forks,
nnd frequent Intervals between, these
to be painted on telephone poles, fence
posts, trees or rocks. In addition, a
I ,,.n.(n lUoInn In nml tithUl
striking marker design in red and whlto
has been adopted, and 1,500 enameled
steel signs, 14 by 20 Inches in slzo, aro
to bo placed on individual posts at in
tervals of not more than llvo miles be
tween New York nnd San Francisco.
Highways In Connecticut
Tho construction of concrcto high
ways Is going on In 22 cities and towns
in Connecticut and when theso con'
tracts havo been completed there will
be about 70 miles of concrete surfaced
payment in that state. Tho highways
are 18 feet wide and cost $10,000 a
Good Roads Indispensable,
Tho time has como when we must
consjder tho roads an asset lndls
pensablo to tho woll-bclng of tho farm
er and his family. This being true, is
It not every man's duty to do all ho
can to keep the roads in good condi
More than 5300,000,000 was spent on
highway construction and inalntcnanco
la the United States In 1010. Of this
ajEoount 10 Southern states spent op-
AsJ Sew Sfemtdi Caa Tbk
Meadorsvlllo, Ky. Mrs. Pearl Pat
rick, of this place, writes: "I was
very constipated. I bad sour stomach
and was so uncomfortable. I went to
the doctor. Ho gave mo somo pills
They weakened tno and seemed to
tear up my digestion. Thoy would
grlpo mo and afterwards it seemed
I was mora constipated than before.
I heard of Black-Draught and de
cided to try it I found it Just what I
needed. It was an cosy laxatlre, and
not bad to swallow. My digestion soon
Improved. I cot well of the sour stom
ach, my bowels soon seemed normal,
no moro griping, and I would take a
dose now and then, and was in good
I cannot say too much for Black
Draught for it is tho finest laxative
one can use."
Thedfords Black-Draught has for
many years been found of great value
in tbe treatment of stomach, liver and
bowel troubles. Easy to. take, gentle
and reliable in its action, leaving no
bad after-effects, it has won the pralso
oi inousanaa or people who nave used
Smithson Water delivered Tues
days and Saturdays. Phone 633-1.
Good Morning. Have
You Seen The Courier?
Fine ground raw limestone,
per ton in bulk at kiln.
Turkeys For Sale.
Thoroughbred Bourbon Reds-
Toms $6, Hens $4. Phone 288-1.
Mrs. Alien Owen,
Hopkinsville, Ky., R. 4.
Dutch bulbs iusl received. Large
bulbs and reasonable prices. Now is
the time to plant for spring. T. L.
. THOROUGHBRED Bronze Tur
keys for sale. Winners at the Pen
nyroyal and Ky. State Fair. Call
288-4.-MRS. CHAS. STOWE.
FOR GARDEN plowing call 572
after 6:30 p. m.
Live Stock, Real Estate and Gener
al Auctioneer. Phone for terms and
dates at my expense.
W. A. HOLMAN,
R. T. JETT, D. V. M.
7th and Railroad Sts.
Cowherd & Altscheler Sale Barn.
Phone 19. Hopkinsville, Ky.
Fine Bath Rooms. Four First-
FRANK BOYD, PROP.
W. S. Sandbach,
Physican and Surgeon,
f Every Woman Wanted
FOR PERSONAL HYGIENE
Dissolved in water for douche stops
pelvic catarrh, ulceration and iaflara
raatioa. Recommended by Lydia .
Pinkham Med. Co, forMLa year.
A healing vroader for uul catarrh,
sore thro! and sore eyes. Economical.
I Hu i&.cmMf7 rUuJMAj aod fomidJU power.
ISaspUfrM. tOc. H urosfuu. puU vt
Cotton seed meal is high,
but we have a large stock:
THE ACME MILLS.
AaKXMMA 'Syime Deaf u
Our. FJopo U
When Om Unite Siztcj entered the
Ewraixan war treat joy spread in
Btugaria, far the people of that nation
rececBized fhet fJtn land of Washing
ton and Jefferxon and Lincoln would
see to it that full justice is done when
peace has been declared. Stephen
Pamaretoff, Bulgarian Minister to the
United States, says that his country
will never consent to be drawn into
any fight that is likely to cause the
shedding of a single drop of Ameri
can blood. He voices the sentiment
of bis countrymen whai he states that
Ibcre is now peace of mind in Bul
garia as to the ultimate justice to be
Beted atrt to the nations of Europe.
The American "square deal" is what
Bulgaria relies oa xrfrai the war shall
Cotton seed meal is high,
but we have a large stock.
THE ACME MILLS.
PIGEONS DOING THEIR BIT
French Have Shown Great Ingenuity
In Using Birds to Communicate
With Invaded Territory.
A contemporary recently stated
that in addition to death-dealing
guns, the tames carry pigeons ior
sending out messages in case of need.
This is yet another use to which
pigeons havo been put in this war.
Tho ingenuity of tho French in
this respect, however, is hard to
beat, says London Tit-Bits. In one
of our ally's war museums is an ap
paratus which shows how the French
havo attempted to get news from
their invaded territories. It consists
of a balloon, which carries 40 carrier
pigeons. J.n uoating over tno iana
now occupied by the enemy it drops
from time to time a little parachute,
to which is attached a basket con
taining a carrier pigeon, nn alumi
num message holder, several sheets
of thin paper, pencil and detailed in
structions for use.
The finder of tho basket, after
writing a message, has only to slip
it into tho holder in tho bird s leg
nnd set it free. The homing instinct
then allows the pigeon to find its
way back to the French lines.
RING WATCH IS THE LATEST.
The popularity of tho easily ac
cessible wrist watch was doubtless
what inspired tho production by
Parisian jewelry designers of a ring
watch. It consists of a tiny time
piece mounted on a finger ring and,
if desired, embellished with precious
stones. At a distance the little dial
might bo easily mistaken for a largo
stono setting. Popular Mechanics.
A POOR FINANCIER.
His Wo'll liavo to give up our in
tended trip. My account nt tho
bank is already overdrawn.
Shcs Oh, Jolin, you aro such a
wretched financier. Why don't you
keep an account in a bank that has
plenty of money?
THE OLD SLOGAN DOBS UP.
I don't see what ho saw in.hen
"Don't you understand? Sho kept
him out of war."
SHE GREW WITH IT.
Morjorio But, my dear, thaf a an
awful old joke.
Edith Is it really, dear? Well,
you ought to know.
THIS IS NOT PERSONAL,
"Oo anything much on your vaca
"Oh, nothing to speak of."
"Anything not to speak of ?
AGGRAVATING THE FAULT.
Emphatic Man When I say k
thing I mean it
The Woman But sometimes that
sly. siakoe it worsa.
How.thi War Affeoia thtiFarmer's Ability to Product
Tho grip of tho sceurgo of tho seas
Is now, after months of warfare, felt
by tho American farmer. When tho
Lusltnnla went down the whole world
shivered with horror horror nt tho
very savagery of tho deed, yet few of
us realized at tho tlmo that within a
comparatively short tlmo tho cntlro
world would, In one way or another, bo
nt tho mercy of these newest and most
ravage of all Implements of wnr. Least
of all did the American farmer realize
that the submarine menace would havo
any effect whatever on his ability to
raise crops nnd do his bit in the line
of food production.
But It hns I The wnr itself in Its
earliest day cut off supplies of potash.
Now tho submarine warfare has re
duced tho supply of Spanish pyrites
from which sulphuric ndd Is made.
This sulphuric add is used in the
manufacture of acid phosphate, and
also in the making of complcto fer
tilizers. Without it raw rock phos-
The route followed by boats In carrying pyrites from Spain. The entrance
to the Mediterranean Is a favorite lurking place for submarines.
phate has but little agricultural value,
and many materials now used in fer
tilizers could not be Included.
Pyrites Carried at Low Rates.
Those Spanish pyrites are usually
shipped from the port of Huelva on
tho southwest coast of Spain, this side
of the Gibraltar Gateway. .Mediter
ranean freighters returning from Eu
rope take on these pyrites at very low
freight rates, even almost as ballast
From Huelva the pyrites aro carried
to Charleston, to Savannah, to Nor
folk, to Baltimore, and points north.
At theso places the pyrites are burned,
tho sulphur separated and turned Into
sulphuric acid. Later on, ton for ton
this add Is mixed with rock phosphate,
and in this way the acid phosphato of
commerce is produced. In other fac
tories this add phosphate Is mixed
with the blood, bone nnd tnnkago of
great slaughter houses, and with other
materials carrying nitrogen, for tho
production of the complete fertilizers
on which depends the production of a
sufficient supply of food crops.
Some of theso Mediterranean
freighters have been commandeered
by the government, others have been
sent down by the dreaded submarine,
and still others are tied up in neutral
ports all over the world.
Conditions Are Serious.
Few farmers realize the serious na
ture of the case. Perhaps the aver
age boat In this trade will carry four
thousand tons of pyrites. Every ton
of pyrites will mnko In tho neighbor
hood of four tons of acid phosphate,
or up to eight tons of complete fer
tilizer. Every four thousand ton boat
taken from the pyrites carrying trade
means a loss of tho ncld for tho fer-
Help The Railroads.
When you order fertilizer and other
spring supplies late, your agent or
dealer orders out a minimum car:
til1 SSaSSSS? Loaded--
" miaiinam iiiwmwri...TKw:i
He can't afford to wait for other orders; ihipments caught in
the rush of the season may be delayed too long. Fertilizer
must be delivered before planting time.
Whenyouorter earlyAt gives your dealer or agent a chance to
combine order. Heordersout his fertilizers in full capacity cars;
This car holds
TVW aem-ao mate Uiilnw for Ma,Urt UUr aerrlo to rou TU car
hoctat U rtfiercd Ooa ftiB car dot. tt work of (Wee BUna can. Tke
after can caa U wed (or haafinf farm (tnlwt wMcA htlfit yeas for tU
carrlafef food teA&A htlpt preface ami coiumr aOe; tod for tna.
pertiac BHakSoni and war tuawkkh htlp tit Nation.
TU raiiroadt har douUd iraporUaes iu tiaxa ot war. Tbey are a iUl part
of outtjtlm of national Wcne. They dmrw Que M co-operaUoa so W
ay tw fear beat tenriot to as tod to our Nation.
LOADED TO CAPACITY
tlllzcr which would usually serve
proximately 160,000 acres of corn
wncat, or of any other cereal crop.
It diminishes by this much tho ability
of the farmer to utilize to advantage
his short supply of farm labor, to
grow sufficient crops, and at the same
time tdve up to military service the
boys of the farm.
Domestic Pyrites Help.
But this doesn't mean that we shall
havo no fertilizer. All over the coun
try there aro small domestic deposits
of pyrites. These can be and are be
ing manufactured into sulphuric acid
for fertilizer use and it looks as
though there will bo enough. But the
freight trade on these domestic pyrites
is higher than that of Spanish pyrites,
and the quality often lower. The cost
of labor In mining is always higher,
and the cost of handling greater.
These facts mean Inevitably an in
crease in the cost of add phosphate
nnd complete fertilizer. Fortunately,
however, this Increase in cost is more
than balanced by tbe Increase In price
which the farmer recelVes for his crop.
Were this not the case, tho American
farmer and tho American farm would
indeed bo la a bad way.
THE 0VERSEA8 ACRE FUND.
"The farmers of France are In far
worso condition than perhaps you
know. They have literally lost every
thing except their souls. After the
Inst retreat of the German army, the
entire countryside) was devastated.
No living thing remained, no birds, nf
animals, no trees, no crops nothing
Wells wpre poisoned, all vestige 01
their former homes nnd buildings were
"Help is needed and needed quickly.
Our funds will be used to buy food,
clothing, farming Implements, fertil
izer, seeds, live stock, building ma
terials, and other necessities as re
ported to us by tho War Belief Clear
ance House. Every gift will be marked.
'Given with gratitude nnd good will
from tho fnrraers of America through
their Overseas Acre Fund." Th
above statement Is from a pamphlet
Issued by the Overseas Acre Fund,
which is carrying on n campaign to
help tho farmers of France.
Use High-Grade Fertilizers.
With fertilizers high prlcCd and
scarco this year, it is more Important
than ever to use high-grade rather than
low-grade goods. Plant food always
costs the consumer more In low-grade
formulae, and now there Is nn ndded
argument for high quality less freight
space is required to move n given
amount of nctual plant food.
i Ms car carries
Mors titan half the (pace waited