Newspaper Page Text
F. A. MITCHELL
Wfrtcfct, HIT. Wtittrn Ntwipapcr Union.)
HjJ you Americans want to pet pos
tal of Mexico, you don't need to
'Wte a biff nrmy for the purpose. All
J(i have to do Is to enlist all the pro
Meal Ramblers In the United
tea, furnish them with nraple funds,
d send them down there to win tho
Witry for you."
4 words were spoken by a mnn
jW lind lived most of his life In Mcs
l and had traveled murh In Central
2j South America.
t 5Thc people of those rot Ions are nil
mblers," the speaker continued, "and
a sufficient force of Minrpers were
yfct among them every foot of ground,
Aim every article on It would soon bo
Jk, their possession. Thus the Ramblers,
Jkttiete they represented, could meet
ifc YSI V P n f I n n vntn nnnnvntlnn ih.
Itteil ntnlno nml ....,1.1
.Jl spent n winter In Brazil and every
if wing us soon as tne uays worK was
Mied. tho sot to which I tiplnnirmt
h Jewned to the back yard of an old
V low named Papllado, who had a
m snent the time far Into the nlcht
L ; irtllnp. The roulette wheel was
W f We of wood, and tliere wns a cover
i tiz, wwen was put on while the hall
A 'Km oflll ntnt ... .1 1...4.I
mid be carried on Indefinitely.
VtSohjo of the Ramblers nln.ved for
J Ji enjoyment they got out of tho
ae, and some played to earn the
ey on which they lived. None of
tm was very scrupulous, and would
e cheated If they could. I taught
the American game of poker, but
we was so much opportunity for dls
fcesty In It that It was not fitted for
eon Every player was bent on
eating, and tho game soon broke up
"There was nmonc them a young
azllian who had a very pretty wife,
I bad a small patrimony, which he
S Is gradually eating up. lie won
rat as much as he lost, but he had
J live. It was really a case of eating
I little fortune. Ills wife usually sat
4 side him, sometimes sewing, and
V ten their baby was wakeful she
4 mid hold him In her nrms. Tho
in's name was Josl Gomez, and his
iN fe Maria, for the Virgin.
i flf Gomez won a hundred pczos one
jning, lost a hundred the next, and
s ahead In the game twenty-five at
ii end of the week, he considered
It he was twenty-five pesos to the
J Jd; though he had spent a hundred.
H t wife took the same view of the
T fAt tho time I joined the circle the
fortune of the young couple had
nearly eaten up and It had be-
ao apparent to them that that was
They were looking anxious. Josl
s betting fitfully. Papllado bet like
others, and won or lost like they
L Ho charged nothing for the uso
the wheel, seeming to play for
(usement only. But one night ho bo-
a to show a gambler's greed. lie
HANDLE SOY BEANS
Used in Production of Oil, Feed
Cake and Other Products.
LARGE DEMAND FOR PRODUC
j Inexperienced Growers Should Inform
Themiclvea as to Proper Methods
of Cultivation and There
by Avoid Losses.
(From the United States Department of
For the Information of farmers who
are beginning to sow soy beans for
grain rather than for liny and who are
unfamiliar with the handling of the
plants under the former conditions,
the United States department of ng
rlculturo will shortly publish a farm
era' bulletin, "Harvesting Soy Beans
for Seed." The demand for these seeds
for uso In the production of oil, feed
cake, and other bean products is rap-
Idly Increasing and the farmers of the
United States arc preparing to meet
The character of growth, the unl
form maturing habits, and the heavy
seed yields of tho soy beans, says tho
Typical Soy Bean Plant
i.. , ii. i t . . .
u kv'" line uii reu me; nuu mrer
itiit it was noticed that whenever he
: lajgjj7 It was on red five,
EkThcro in ll worm down In thnr ell.
J W(ttetjtrta- furniture, and
-i-B sou uores anu uores im noimng
a shell Is left. One may sit down
n thalr that looks perfectly strong,
at the first touch It collapses. This
temerlt thrust In here seems to have
ihing to do with my story; the truth
ithe story hangs upon it,
"Papllado continued occasionally to
of red five, taking 'care not to at-
ct the attention of the others to
i fact that it was a winner. When
won on it he Invariably bet the
ft time on some other number. He
fl that he didn't believe In light
g striking the same place twice,
netimes he would not bet once on
till the wheel had been spun many
les. I was not playing myself, and
I an opportunity to watch the oth
b I noticed that whenever Poplla
bet on red five, Just when the ball
f beard to drop, his countenance as-
Jieu a very pieasea anu covetous er
I took an Interest in Josi Gomez,
I little wife nnd lnnocfnt babe, and
I day confided to him my suspicion
it Papllado bad some way of know
j when the ball dropped into red
Josl said nothing to me in re
t, but It was evident that he was do-
a good deal of thinking,
The next evening came the crisis.
jilado did not bet on red five till
fen o'clock, when he laid a hundred
os on It Josl Immediately laid a
adrcd pesos on another number.
clc nine. Papllado laid five bun
(d more on red five. Josl laid one
usand of black nine. The others
pped out. I was astonished to see
two who remained bring out so
ph money. They bet on and on till
hy thousand pesos were on the
le. When their funds were exhuust
the cover wns lifted. Black nlno
"jGomez gave me the explanation. A
u had bored under red five, thus
sing the bull to make u hollow
nd when the bull dropped Into the
Apartment. When Pupllado heard
sound hc bet. Upon my coufldliiy
.suspicion to Josl he examined tho
K'l wfcen alone, nnd learning the
Vet, another hole which let
' mill ttofleh red five Into black
bulletin, contribute to the ease of har
vesting nnd recommend the plnnts for
seed production. The many disadvan
tages which attend the harvesting of
oupeus for seed are not common to
the soy bean. When grown for grain
alone the shattering of the pods of the
soy beun Is a serious fault und Inex
perienced growers are likely to sus
tain a heavy loss of seed through
lack of knowledge and Improper han
dling of the soy bean plant. The shat
tering varies with the varieties of the
bean. It is well, however, with most
varieties to give special attention as
maturity approaches to prevent serious
Ioses from this cause.
Time of Harvesting.
In general, the best time to harvest,
except where special bean harvesters
are used, Is when about three-fourths
of the leuves have fallen and most of
the pods have turned color. If cut at
an earlier stage, the plants nre diffi
cult to euro properly, and the yield
will be lessened materially on account
of the immature grain. On the other
hand, If the plants are allowed to be
come too ripe, the pods will shatter be
fore being cut, and much seed will be
lost. When special harvesters are
used to gather the seed, the plants
must reach full maturity to obtain the
Methods of Harvesting.
Various methods of harvesting the
crop are t.i uso in different sections
where the soy bean Is grown largely
for seed production. The crop mny be
cut with ordinary mowing machines,
self-rake reapers, self-binders, or even
with scythes, corn knives or sickles.
The beans also may be harvested with
a special bean harvester which gathers
the grain from the standing plnnts.
When the plants nre cut before ma
turity, they are cured In shocks and
allowed to remain In the field until a
convenient time for threshing. If thor
oughly dry they, may be housed and
Threshing may be done with un ordi
nary grain separator, but if this ma
chine Is used It must be altered some
what to prevent tho cracking oT the
beans. In some cases a special set of
thin concaves Is used for threihlng
beans and In other Instances some of
the concaves are removed. Good Judg
ment on the purt o.( tho thresherman
will enable him to adjust tho ordinary
separator so that the beans may be
threshed with llttlo splitting. Special
pea and bean separators aro on the
market, und their use may bo advisable
when Jurgo acreages of tho beans are
to be handled. If thoroughly dry, soy
beans can bo threshed with a flail. If
ouly a smull acreage Is to be threshed
nn acre or bo this method Is prac
tical nnd economical, in a few sec-
tons a corn shredder has been used
to dvantag6 la .threshing beans. If
popt v cured oittt.drd ,tnt, the beans
shell oil. very readfly wlui such ina-
tfhlag ami soW to llwyrowi, Oalr
men and stock feeders.
Sterao ef getd.
As ioy-benn seed spoils rather easily
If not properly handled, enro should bo
exercised In curing and storing. After
the beans nre threshed they should he
watched carefully to avoid heating and
molding. When thoroughly dry, there
is no such danger. Tho best plan, per-
naps, Is to spread tho seeds out on
floor immediately after threshing and
shovel them over from time to time un
til they nre thoroughly dry. After this
they mny be safely put Into sacks or
bins, Tho storeroom should bo dry
rtd with a free circulation of air. Soy
bean seed loses Its viability rnthcr rap
Idly, nnd It Is not snfo to hold seed for
planting purposes more thnn two sen
sons. The seeds of the soy bean, un
like thoso of tho cowpen, are rarely
attacked by weevils or other grain In
PREPARE SOIL FOR LEGUMES
Expert of Missouri College Mentions
Some Precautions Necessary In
Two general methods of soli Inocu
Intlon exist: (1) Inoculated soil and
(2) artificial culture. If soil Is used
it must bo well Infected with the or
gnalsms peculiar to the crop which Is
to oo grown. It should be collected
from n field where a crop of tho same
icgumo which Is to be Inoculnted hns
been growing recently with many nod
ules on tho roots. Such soli scattered
on tho field at seeding time at the rate
of 200 or 300 pounds, or more If It Is
enslly procured, per acre, nnd harrow
ed In soon after, will usually give sat
isractory results. If only n small
nmount of soil can bo had It Is ndvls
ablo to npply It to the seed. Tho seed
siiouiu ne moistened witn a ten per
cent glue solution (one pound liquid
glue to one gallon of water) to make
the soli stick. Sprinkle tho soli on
the seed through a sieve nnd mix the
entire mass thoroughly. The seed may
be sown ns soon as they are dry.
Artificial cultures are usually ap
plied to the seed, but they may bo ap
plied to a few hundred pounds ot soil
nnd scattered on the field. When they
are applied to tho seed, they are di
luted, sprinkled on the seed, nnd the
two nre thoroughly mixed. This meth
od Is usually better for the smaller
seeds than tho soli nnd glue trentment,
which tends to clump together small
seeds like alfalfa and may cause trou
ble In seeding.
W. A. Albrecht mentions some of the
precautions necessary In Inoculation.
The treated seeds must bo thoroughly
mixed, so that each will be Infected.
Cultures must be used only for the
crop specified, since legumes do not
cross-Inoculate at random. Neither
h? Inoci'lntlng material nor treated
seed should be stored for n long time
or exposed to excessive sunlight, for
such conditions mny kill the bacteria
and destroy the results of the treat
ment. The process of Inoculating Is
very simple anil can bo carried out with
HOME-GROWN-SEED IS THE SUREST AND BEST
SELECT SEED CORN
ENOUGH FOR TWO YEARS
For 1918 Plantings and to Insure Adapted Seed for 1919
STAR! WGHi-NOW! ,
In the field from standing stalks of a
variety that has "made good" and be
come locally adapted.
As soon as ears are ripe and hard
before heavy frosts or autumn rains in
jure the kernels for seed. The day the
ears are selected they should be hung
where they will become thoroughly dry
in a few days.
Pick best ears from plants showing
best yields in fair competition with
neighboring plants. Storm-proof plants
with hanging ears give best seed. Long
ears with large, uniform kernels are the
est Avoid sappy ears heavy with
Field selection of seed corn
is one of the surest and 'best paying oper
ations on the farm. Proper care of seed
corn pays well. Tests show that properly
cared for seed corn has yielded eighteen
buihels more per acre than crib-stored
seed from the same field.
Insure a Right Start for Your Next Two
Corn Crops by Saving Ample Seed Now
ForPurther Information Ask .Your County Agent, or Write for
Farmers' Bulletin 415, "Seed Porn"
U. S. DEPARTMENT of AGRICULTURE,
Washington, D. C.
Evolution of the Wheel.
Naturally, thero was a first man to
eat an oyster, and thero mast have
been some heroic pioneer to tackle
every edible article that is known to
civilization today, nigh authority has
bestowed eulogy on the man who In
vented the wheel, nnd some bavo gone
so far ns to assert that this unidenti
fied genius was the greatest benefac
tor of the rnce, but we may donbt if
the wheel was really an Invention. It
seems more likely to have been a
gradual discovery, the result of a slow,
evolutionary process fo- which no mnn
or group of men could claim the cred
ROOT STORAGE CELLAR PLAN
Good Place In Which to Put Some
Kinds of Vegetables for Winter
Look to Drainage.
Where there nre no cellnrs or storage-rooms
available the old-fashioned
pit makes a good place In which to
store roots nnd .some kinds of vege
tables for the winter. Put In n well
drained place, dig a couple of
trenches, crossing ench other In the
center of the pit, cover these with
Root Storage Pit.
boards, leaving an open space In the
center. Put In a ventilator, cover the
bottom of the pit with strnw nnd pile
up tho vegetables. Then place the
straw over the roots, tho dirt, then
more straw if in a cold region, more
dirt nnd your pit will keep the most
severe weather from Injuring the vegetables.
ENORMOUS COST OF HAULING
By Reason of Slight Improvement to
Public Roads, Cost of Hauling
Placed at 23 Cents.
The public roads throughout the
country, which constitute the primary
means of transportation for nil agri
cultural products, for many millions of
tons of forest, mine and manufactured
products, and which for a largo per
centage of farmers aro tho only ave
nues of transportation lending from
the point of production to the point of
consumption or rail shipment, have
been Improved to ouly a slight extent.
liy reason of this fact, tho prevail
ing cost of hauling over these rends Is
nbout i!3 cunts per ton per mile.
Moro that 350,000,000 tons nre
hauled over these roads each year, and
the average haul Is about eight miles,
from which it can readily be seen that
our annual bill for hauling over the
public roads Is nearly $050,000,000.
The cost per ton-mile for hauling on
hnrri-curfud roads should not exceed
13 tent. It Ik thteeioro evident that
broken Arete, and Ruh4 Tell Sty of .
Dnhaction of Fwaoos Rhdmra GriWn
Be tne r-irst.
Many n quarrel would come to a
speedy ending if both sides were not
nfrnld of being the first to make ad
vances. Instead of being unwilling to
take the first step, you should be glad
of the chance. Some of you perhnps,
am a little inclined to be envious of
the one who Is a born lender, who is
the first in so many things, but there
Is no greater honor than to be the i
first to end a misunderstanding, the
first to say, 'Tm sorry." Exchange,
Poison Ivy Helps, Too.
The vacationist who collides with n
hornet's nest Is bound to have a swell
time. Boston Transcript.
Effective Apr. 15, 1917.
ITRAINS GOING SOUTH.
No. 93 C. & N. 0. Lim. 12;21 a. m.
No. 51 St. L. Express 5:29 p. m.
No. 95 Dixie Flyer 9:32 a. m.
No. 55 Hopkinsville Ac. 7:00 a. m.
No. 53 St. L. Fast Mail 5:36 a. ra.
No. 91 Ev. and G. accom. 8:58 a. m.
TRAINS GOING NORTH.
No. 92 C. & St. L. Lim. 5:29 a. rr.
No. 52 St. Louis Express 10:20 a m.
No. 94 Dixie Flyer 7:05 p. m.
No. EG Hopkinsville Ac. 8:55 p. m
No. 54-St. L. Fast Mail 10:14 p. m.
No. 90 Ev. and G. accom. 3:26 p. m.
No. 51 connects at Guthrie for
Memphis and points as far south Rt
Erin, and for Louisville, Cincinnati
and tho East.
Nos. 63 and 55 make direct con
nection at Guthrie for Louisville,
Cincinnati and all points north and
No. 93 carries through sleepers to
Atlanta, Macon Jacksonville, St
Augustine, and Tampa, Fla. Aleo
Pullman sleepers to New Orleans,
Connect at Guthrie for points East
and West. No. 93 will not carry lo
cal passengers for points north of
ttSKXt JL, be.
''mJ?m' Where? U
J"'" of debris on the floors. I??, fe 7hc' ns ' altar anrf
'"act on the pillars-the ,u ''P'.re that rcm.,t.
Germans. The .?Ur irTLTV ?' """" !'
'h.n. the ,ltty of thp u ' S0RC'.but C.r, RsliIli, ...
"Trior of the fa-,., ,. ,s rtord. The m,-r.. ..
Advertise in The KENTUCKIAN
Among the many monuments to General SI'
ted in Calvary Cemetery, St. Louis, is a most u
sign. The very character of its architecture t
faithful and honorable spirit of this old warritr
', the onesitua
', compelling de
fo emphasize the
We be!? e in being
faithful io a trust.
We believe in being
honorable in our
dealings. We do a
high- ch-racte red
work at a reasona
McCLAID & ARMS i RONG
.4 S. , '
W. N. CHANDLER. Ticket Acent.
Tim straw ob
IC'o&Wd were Wjlfw yaprnted
609 N. Main St, Hopkinsville, Ky.
fr ia W
taUied from Uuret4fi
orZaMilM a v&luaKl IM