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,m in ii iiinirtKfcM
. VT .FRENCH MHKtTfl
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IN A JAPANESE
The Funny Thingi One SeeiN
Smiling Round the World
MARSHALL P. WILDER
I I J I
ICupyrlh'tit, by Joseph H. How lea.)
Tho theater tins nlways been a favorite
form of among the
Japanese, and especially beloved of
the Japanese woman, for It Ib her only
amusement, anil tho only public place
where she may accompany her
The theater of old Japan, with Its I
strutting legendary heroeH, Its ancient
costumes, and actors who carried their
own lanterns in order to light the ex '
presBlons of their faces, Is practically
a thing of the past. While many of
the old customs still survive, modern I
lnvorilon and appliances have been
grafted upou them to the effect of producing
some startling contrasts, The
Japs, eager to grasp European Ideas'
and fashions, have made use of some,
but left many, as they have been for
Wo may go at any hour, so suppose
wo startat Are. On our way, we arc
sure to see every characteristic of
street life. The Japanese, In their
eagerness to adopt European ways
and customs, have swallbwed such a
large meal they are not able to digest
It, and no better Illustration of this
can bo found than their pretentious
and truly wonderful street signs. As a
specimen of English as she is Japped,
the following, culled from a choice,
and I might say, startling, collection.
Is respectfully submitted. The spelling
and punctuation are especially
On a baker's carf '
DT CAKE & A PIECE OF. BREAD.
Over a ladles' tailor shop:
DRAPER. MILLENEIt & LADIES
Tho ribtons, the lacoa, tho veils, tho
Over a furnituro shop
CHAIR. C0CH0N. (couch?) &
On a dairy window
PEST MILK. (rether alarming, but
probably means REST).
On a druggist's
BEST PERFUMINO WATER
Over a laundry
We moat cleanly and carefully wm3s
our customers with
cheap prices a under.
Ladles eight shillings per hundred.
Gentlemen seven shllllnas.
A dentist's sign
Our tooth Is a very Important organ
for human life and countenance as
you know, therefore whan It is attack
by disease or Injury, artificial
tooth is also very useful.
Japanese substitute for coffee:
JAPAN INSTED OF COITEE.
More men Is got drops g of the ltgs
who us (use?) this coffee, which is
Over a barber shop;
Over a tailor's
THE EUROPEAN MONKEY JACKET
MADE FOR THE JAPANESE.
I reserve the gems of the collection
for tho last.
FULISH. RUTTR, CRIAM. MILK.
(Fresh Butter. Cream, Milk.)
Over an egg shop:
EXTRACT OF FOWL.
Our rickshaws stop, and our men
light their paper lanterns. It seems
absurd to have a paper lantern for
practical use, but the little candles of
Keeps Drinking from a Bottle.
greenish gray wax burn steadily, and
give a clear, light We meet many
people carrying paper lanterns, so we
see that what has always been to us
merely a thing for decoration only, Is
In this toy-box of a country' an articlo
tor practical use.
Having roache tho theater, quite
an Imposing building of stone, we
enter the lobby.
(A man and t woman are on the
crying, and he trying to
her.) Our guide explains to
sho has been about to commit
suicide because of the financial ruin
of her husband
The part of the woman Is played by
Takata, one of the greatest impersonators
of women In Japan There
are no actresses, all the parts being
assumed by men. This particular
atctor Is so conscientious, that, In order
to retain the atmosphere of his
Impersonations, while at homo ho
dresses, talks acts, and generally comports
himself ns a worrian would.
DanJIro, the most famous Impersonator
of women in Japan, is reported
to have made up so perfectly a3
a girl of 17, when he was C5 years
old, that when ho went to his own"
house and asked to see DanJIro, hl&
wife did not know him, and In a lit
of Jealous anger, berated him for a
shameless girl, coming there to see
1 her husband.
j Her husband approaches, and tho
j old man runs off. across tho "Flowery
Way," begging her not to let his char
Ity be known.
The husband Is suspicious, and asks
her why she was talking with that
man. Her promise given, she cannot
answer, and after a fiery scene, he
Actore Who Carried Their Own Lan-
spurns her, and the curtain is drawn,
to tho solemn banging of a drum, and
tho high pitched mournful song of
some one In tho distance.
DanJIro owns the finest curtain In
Japan, presented to him by the Geisha
of Toklo. who each gave a hundred
yen. It Is of silk, embroidered as only
Japanese know how, and to see, well
worth the pricu ot admisaioA.
Tho entire lower floor of the theatcs
la divided Into little boxes, about four
feet square, by partitions not mora
than four or Ave Inches high. About
five yen are paid for these boxea, and
they hold four people, who kneel an
The best Beats are the boxes along
the sides of the balcony, which also
hold four people, and cost six yen.
As a yen is worth 50 cents of American
money, It may be seen that the
prices of Japanese theators, by comparison
with thoee of Europe or America,
are very reasonable.
At this Juncture our ears are assailed
by the most heart-rending
sounds that chill the blood in our
veins. It Is the European orchestral
The smiling guide tells us: "European
orchestra very nice Japanese
people like very much!"
"Who's meddled mlt my
roars a musician.
"01 did." said Paddy. "Here ye've
boon for two hours tryln' to pull It
apart, an' 01 did It In wan mlnut!"
A sharp noise, made by striking two
pieces ot hard wood together announces
that the next act is about
to begin. The Intervals between acts
are usually about ten minutes.
As the curtain Is drawn aside, the
pieces of wood tap together faster
and faster, until tho stage is disclosed.
This time It is a house, the front
open, chrysanthemums growing about
the door. At Intervals the shrill note
of an Insect Is heard.
Sata, the great actor, is seated on
the floor; he is In a state of Intoxication,
and koeps drinking from a bottle
In front of him.
His father-in-law la pleading with
him to grant a divorce to his daughter,
as bis constant intoxication and
ill-treatment of her are hard to bear.
The drunkard refuse, and the scene
between tho men la a powerful one,
a knowledge of the language beln unnecessary
In order to appreciate their
really great acting.
Tho revolving stage, used In all
Japanese theaters, is seen In this act,
as the entire stago turns, bringing into
view a different scene, the old man's
The play proceeds through several
acta, to a European or American, In
rather a disjointed manner, and without
much sequence, but with no lack
oi fine acting.
Just before the last act, tho ushers
bring In the sandals and clogs that
have been checked, so there will be no
confusion and delav when tho theater
But three dayB are allowed for re
hearsal, and In that Omo they must
be letter perfect, for a Japanese audience
Is a critical one.
Approbation 1b announced by clap-Ing
the hands, but audible comments
When we go out, our rickshaw-men,
wrapped In their rugs, hurry
from the gallery where thoy have
been onjoying the play The
and the electric lights aro not ed
the only Innovations In thh theater.
The Idea of a play of modern
life is entirely new, and wh were
fortunate In seeing tho first performance all
of ono of the fow modern plays
ever enacted la Japan.
NEED OF GM
TRIUMPH OF DEMOCRATIC PRih.
CIPLE8 IS IMPERATIVE.
THE rvlAN AND THE HOUR.
With the Nomination of John A. Johnson,
Progressive Democrat of Integrity,
Ability and Achievement,
Success Is Assured.
Wearied of 12 years of overwhelm -
Inc defoat In national elections,
Ing which tlmo the party has lost national
political control of every northern
state and has witnessed devastating
Inroads even on tho southern
states, hundreds of thousands of Democratic
voters have in the last few
months asked: "Who Ib tho man who
can lead the party to victory?"
Tho best of armies, military or political,
require somo measure of success
to maintain their spirit and efficiency
Continuous and overwhelming
defeat, even Hn "the worthiest of
causes, disheartens the strongest men.
Conditions are Buch In this year
1008, that a united Democracy, supporting
a strong presidential nominee,
can win the presidential office and
open the way for a return of tho Democratic
party to power. Not only do
tho best Interests of the Democratic
party call for a victory this year, but
so alstj do the best Interests of the nation.
Twelve years ot almost unopposed
government of tho republic by
one party, and for eight of those years
practically by one man, havo brought
about conditions that are repugnant
to tho efficient and satisfactory administration
of a government sup.
poscdly of the people.
Principle with Victory.
Victory can be achieved this year,
without sacrificing one Iota of the
stand for principle that has been made
with so much sacrifice by tho Democratic
party of the United States for
tho last doxen years. It la. merely a
question of changing leadership. Three
times in succession our party has gone
to defeat, because its leadership has
not been ahle to Inspire confidence In
the masses of tho voters, patriotic,
progressive and sincere as that leadership
has unquestionably been. The
party Is greater than its individual
membership and greater than its lead-era.
The time has come when It
should name its leader In a presidential
campaign and no longer permit It-self
to be defeated by a sentimental,
though heroic, devotion to a groat
name that has dominated It for a
If in tho ranks of the party there Is
a man whoso principles, whose party
fealty, whose success in political battles,
whoso actual achievements In
legislation and statesmanship and a
man holding a commanding political
situation are such that victory under
his leadership is Indicated, Is It not
the duty of reasonable, thoughtful, devoted
Democrats, desiring the success
of their party, to turn to him?
Johnson the Man.
The friends of Gov. John A. Johnson
of Minnesota, who have watched his
remarkable career In recent years, as
wjell as Impartial observers and Journalists
throughout the country, believe
that he Is the man of the hour, the
man in every way equipped to make a
successful campaign, and afterward
to be a chief executive of the highest
order. Lot us briefly review his career.
John A. Johnson was born In St.
Peter, Nicollet county, Minnesota,
July 28, 1861, of Swedish parents. His
childhood and youth were passee? In
great poverty At 13 years of age, ha
was compelled to leave the publis
schools of his native city, In order to
support himself and the parental family.
Though his formal education was
thus early cut short, his self-education
never stopped. A student at all rimes,
a wide reader and a thoughtful one.
Mr. Johnson, after some years of obscure
toll as a drug and grocery clerk
and railway time-keeper, becamo at
the age of 24 editor of the St, Peter
Herald. He soon became known as
one ot the ablest of Minnesota Journalists
and was recognised as one of
the leaders ot Journalism in a state remarkable
for tho cumber, vigor and Influence
of its periodical press. As a
country editor, he was gradually drawn
Into politics and In 1S98 was elected
a member of tho senate of tho Minnesota
legislature, and his first public political
work was as a member ot that
body. From the first, he was Identified
with various reform measures,,
which have since become law In Minnesota.
Wherever Gov. Johnson has gone,
he has Impressed men as being a man
of the Lincoln typo. He has the fac
ulty of making many friends and few
Qov. Johnson's Legislative Results.
The governor recommended a
tax commission. The legislature
gave It to blm and the Ink was
hardly dry on the document before he
appointed a commission so strong in
Its personnel that the Republican
ate resolved by a rising vote tn confirm
the appointments without delay,
while the equally Republican houso,
though without the power of
Don. expressed by a rising vote Its appreciation
of tho excellence ot the gov the
amoT'B appointments. eel
In northern Minnesota aro the great-eat'
iron- ore fields In the world. Tho the
stato of Minnesota owns intensive
areas ot these lands By leases they
were largely In the hands of tho Unit
States Steel Corporation and tfle
stato was receiving only an insignificant
Income from Its royalties. The
governor advised tho withdrawal of to
such landa from mineral Uascs and
the legiHlature concurred.
.Minnesota had onjuyed but scant la-
"nca Uon ml--" oiujo pn af
ramennfert " le v, ,
PU. ot .,..... '"Jauy tnv ... .
H th. " "" H0 d,rt " "Lr.r
m umr Hte r.
izatlon, which . lm.e on1 ot enuaV.
l.r f wm;.- It iu.Tr
Governor Johnstmw. br
years of Governor ' jM
1 ran on increased me .71
tion of tho Bteel cornoriHr.T.i. ...
- - "b irnn r'
Holdings in Minnesota from m.OOO.OQo
M0 ?i".uuu.uw. .1
Tho sleeping-car cdTnpanles ot Min
nesota had never paid taxes In Mm-
noshtn In nrnnnrfloTi tn fhnfi narntniral
The governor recommended a change"
In the system of taxing theso com pan
les and a satisfactory law was enacted.
Similarly, a rational law as to mort
gage taxation was enacted.
Taking up freight rates. Governor,
Johnson In a powerful speech so ex.
nausiivejy ana conclusively bared ex.
istlng unequal and exorbitant rates
that tho railway companies vohmtarllyi
mado a reduction of ten per cent oa
grain rotes on their lines In northern
Minnesota. By order of the rallwar
commission, reinforced by subsequent
legislation, this voluntary reduction
was followed by a horizontal reduo.
Uon In maximum freight rates of about
18 per cent., and there was created?'
a new class, of merchandise tariff lm '
which tho rates were reduced about'
20 per cent. Tho railways took these)
reductions Into tho United Statesj
courts, by enjoining tho attorney gen
era! of Minnesota from enforcing the,
law. This action has opened up some
of the most Important litigation In!
volvlng conatiiutional interpretation
thnt lias coma before the suprems
court In this generation.
The Two-Cent Law.
Tho enactmrasnt of tho two-cent
t&rlS law was an example off
Jotoeoa's of actloa.1
Invited to BddBeaa tho Minnesota Edlr
toriaJ aasoclBtkm, Instead of making
the usual platitudinous address on)
such ocqjima, "he exploded the two-,
cent bomb" and srged that an end bej
put to Q gtvtng of passes. He t&lkwSJ
on the same schject to a eoxtventlostf
of commercial tTimJnui Immediate
ly tho state wae aflame with this lnno
vatlon tn railway legislation. When'
the legislature met. he asked for a law
embodying this idea and the legislature
quickly seepooded. Netghborlnc
states followed with rodncOona, ants
now the middle northwest)
the two-cent rate poeralls.
About,, tho fine Governor Johnson
came into office there was a wide
spread agitation for reciprocal dsmni4
rago laws, which would compel railways
to allow shippers demurragef
charge for failure to deliver cars erst
time. Governor Johnson, ever ahreeeft
of popular progress, recommended?
such a law and got It
Thanks to his initiative, the orders?
of the Minnesota Railroad and W&rex
house commteeloo are now Immediate
ly effective, pending appeal.
In Defense of Labor. i
Governor Johnson. In consonance
with his thorough democracy, and
believing in equal rights, has not bee'
neglectful of the interests of labor. Hsf
desired a free state employment ba
reau designed to eliminate the maayj
abuses that have marked private em4
ployment bureaus In the great labor
centers of Minnesota. Such a bureau
was created and has been thoroughly;
helpful and widely efficient
Since time immemorial, that relto,
of feudalism, the common law dool
trine of of employer Uy
employe for injuries occurring:
through the negligence of a fellow-servant
has prevailed In Minnesota, as1
well as In many other states. "This'
ancient rule of the common law," said!
Gov. Johnson, "coupled with the other.
rule generally referred to as tho doci
trine of the assumption of risk byf
employes, has cast upon the fndlvidV
ual laborer a risk and responsibility'
out of proportion to the wages he re'
During his term of office Gov. John-,
son has had to deal with one creati
conflict between labor and capital,,
namely, tho strike of the miners on-the
Minnesota iron raogos. By direct!
personal Intervenuon, by advice to UTsT"
employers on the one hand and the
strikers on the other, the governor sue-
ceeded, without the use of state troops.
In preventing, violence and bloodshed.,
In tho forests and prairies of
orn Minnesota are great extents of
fertile land, which, owing to lack of
drainage, havo not been available for
cultivation. Thanks to Gov. Johnson,
additional legislation on this subject)
was secured, and hundreds of thou
sands of acres of fertile land will be
added to the rolls of the state's
wealth. . ! t
Gov. Johnson believes in the msalw
dpal ownership of public utilities, and.)
following his suggestion, a modified
form of the nimoU Mueller law woe!
adopted by the Minnesota legislature.
Under Its provisions a municipalltyi
may bond Its street railways or otherl
public utHtrJoa to pay the cost of the
sod operation of the same.
Minnesota, a leading agricultural!
state, bos tons; tad to contend with I .
cordage troet, which has a '
monopoly of tho binding twine '
uaod In harveatlnt;. For many years
stato has had a twine plant la
which prison labor was employed.
Tho trust erected a factory in Minne- .'
aota to compete with tke
twine and Ckw. Johnson's answer was.
with the consent of tho legislature. I
authortaottcn for the state twioe plant)
sell Its product owtslde as wall as
within the state. The cordage trusty -will
now have to fight tho cheap Min-i
nosota twlno in other,
state as veil as At homo. j