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ust year, Circulation 4,000.
N E CALMES Editor nd Publisher.
Eaterrd ai miller Fhinry th,
ivc; at the tastoffice at Marlon. Keniuekr, under
e Act of ConcreM ot Mareb j. iSto.
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THUR8DAY Aug., 5, 1909
We are authorized to announce
JOHN L GRAYOT
as a candidate for Commonwealth
Attorney of the Fourth
Judicial District of Kentucky,
subject to the action of the Democratic
We are authorized to announce
JUDGE J, F.GORDON
as a candidate for re-election to
the office of Circuit Judge of the
Fourth Judicial District of Kentucky,
subject to the action of
the Democratic party.
Preachers and Newspaper EditoiB
and Correspondents arc not the only
iools in the world. Did you ever
think of that? There are others!
And sometimes they talk out on the
street. 1 of them the
other day; talking about Masons and
Duons line. Both of them had
"Bug House" qualities that made
them eligible to membership in the
Gimlet Club. They thought that
Mason and Sfidell was a misprint.
Should hare been Mason and Dixon,
'and they thought of Charlie Mason
as an old man with Horace Greely
whiskers and a brace of Andrew Jack-sons
horse pistols standing on one
'side of the line while Jeremiah Dixon
with a horse tail mustache and a
Spanish Maohette stood on the other
'side. Both showing their teeth. It
was a red line, drawn directly from
Cape May to the mouth of the Gila
river, with cuckle burrs growing on
one sides and Canada Thistles on the
other and the underbrush along, on
both side alive with scorpions, snakes,
lizzards and Gila monsters. These
fellows that I overheard were the
ki:d that take out their whet rocks
j,..tTt.. up t'ltfir razors regularly
mo altar folks with blood in their
eyes. Bad men from Boody, as it
Hearing them talk put me to
what the rest of us know about
the imaginary line to which John
Randolph gave the celebrity is still
retains, for this line it really imaginary.
The real Mason and Dizons
Line is the boundary that separates
Pennsylvania and Maryland and it was
surveyed by Charles Mason and Jeremiah
Dixon, English Surveyers be.
tween the year6 1763 and 1767, ex
cept 22 miles surveyed later by Modem.
When Mason and Dixon
came to Dunkards Creek, at a spot
now in Green County Pennsylvania
the Indians shined their tcmahawsin
their faces and said, "We're got all
this Mason and Dixon business we
want", and the surveyors had to hike
for tall timber. Later McClcan
the job, as far as it went, and
then John Randolph extended the
thing indefinitely without compass
or chain carrier. What a pity that
these Indians did not scalp a lot of
other fellows who alterw&rds stirred
up gchema, about Mason and Dixons
and McClcans and the imaginary line
that grew out of it.
The compasses used in those sur
veys were made by David Rittonhouse
Philadelphia, who made three copies
and went into liquidation. Une of
these coinpassoe was usod by George
Washington, -a young surveyor of the
time, another was used by MoClean
and the other by Mason and Dixon.
T1 Washington Compass is in
ic ' at Washington and pos-
y t r,i used by Maion and Lft lhe people of Crittenden count,
build a gravel road ihrouifh the
hough 1 have an inj.reMuD that it,, s ,,,, t , ,, tt,l!,! ,,,L ,D
.- in the British Museum, Lordon.
The compuss used by MuClcau is now
owned by a man at Ma&ontowo Pennsylvania,
where live several of tho
Rittonhouse decendauts, but not ono
of them has ever dared mako auothcr
compass. They as a family are out
of the compass business. This
compass was aftorwards used to
lay off the city of Allegheny which
is now a part of Greater Pittsburg.
But the men I heard talking about
the Mason & Dixons line knew as
much about it and ts muoh about
compasses as the average man about
the pet subject with which he delights
to mako the air blue when he can
find a fool willing to listen to him.
Did you ever meet this fellow1' No.
Then go out on the street and hunt
him up. He is on the next corner.
Strike him on politics or his "courch
creed", and here him hum. Without
having read a line of any platform or
creed he will strive to convince you
that what ho dont known on the sub-
jeet would not mako a Zulu a primer.
His is like the knowledge some folks
have of the Bible, A man bet his
friend $5 that he could not repeat the
Lords prayer, and when the other
said; "Now I lay me down to sleep,
I pra Ihe Lord my soul to keep",
his friend said sorrowfully; 'Tho
money is yours, but I did not believe
you could do it." Once in Sunday
School the Superintendent said in
opening; Let us turn the 47th chapter
of Ylezckiah and road that for our
lesson, and one member of that school
was found thirty years afterwards
wondering why he failed to fiind the
lesson that morning. The fellow
who taks about Mason and Dixons
line is of the kind who looks for the
47th chapter of the book of Hczckiah
and who tries to find such quotation
as these in the Bible; "Cleanliness
is next to Godliness" and "God tern,
pers the wind to the shorn lamb.''
Watchman what of the night?
Taking the past twenty years as an
example, what may we expect in the
next twenty years? Industries have
arisen and developments made that
has brought the oounly ' of
to the front in the lead, xino and
fluorspar industry, but not by any
means what it should tie. ' The people
are resting on theur oars Instead
of boldly and bravely pulling through
the breakers and establishing a Light.
House, from the tower of which the
enemy can be seen at a sufficient distance
to protect the cood county from
danger. The wealth of Crittenden is
untold, just enough having been de-
developed to give but the faintest
idea of what is really hidden under
her hills and valleys. Are the people
of the county using their "talents"
wisely? Are they putting them
out to the best advantage? They,
for instance would like to anotherjseo
railroad running through .her richest
mineral lands. But would it not be
wiser to advocate the building of a
turn-pike through these prineipal
districts instead? Railroads have
been known to prove a curse instead
and to make wrecks of some of the
best towns in the state, when a turn
pike or a gravel road would be enjoy
ed by the whole county. No railroad
corporation is going to build a
road without first counting the cost,
and when built it will be for their
benefit and not for the people. First
they will know aproximately how
many tons of ore would or could be
mined along its line, and if the
sufficient the road would
be built, and doubtless the one dollar
per ton paid Crittenden county
teams for hauling to Marion, would
be expected by the railroad, which
would take about enough money out
of the county to build a gravel road
on which the ore could be brought to
Marion or some other railroad or river
point at half the price and keep
our woucy ta home. A good suggestion
would be, to invite capitalists
to the couuty who are ablo to devolop
their mineral lands, advocate turnpikes,
gravel or train roads and thoy
will help build them On a good
gravel road the whole county oan enjoy
and reap a harvest from it.
where a railroad would Drove
. .leader' instead of a "feeder"
i .tuiun., jl tut a fe.i
years aud the money kept within
its borders. Things more difficult,
and at greater risk have bceu done.
Crittenden has it in hor power to
double her wealth in the next ton
years. Will she do it?
Tho Record-Press, of Marion, put
on quito a different appearance last
week under the management of N.
E, Calmcs, of Sturgis, who has
leased the paper and plant for a term
-of seventeen months, last weeks issue
of tho paper being tho first under
the now management. Mr. Calmcs
has shoved the "quilt" on quite a
number of publications, and whilo he
takes charge of our homo paper, and
one that has withstood the storms of
tuoro than years, wc wish
it, together with Mr. Calmcs, a greater
epooh of prosperity than it has enjoyed
at any time in Its history.
Wobster County Times.
Thanks Bro. Oakley. Tho great
oompliment you pay us together with
splendid treatment and great volume
of business given us by the splendid
citizenship of Marion and Crittenden
County, touches a tender spot in our
heart. Having worked side by side
with you for a year wo know you to
be a deserving christian gentleman,
worthy in every way, of all the i;ood
things the people of the splcudid
town of CUy and Webster county
can do for you. You arc making
them a good paper and as a return
compliment, will say we are proud of
the efforts you are putting forth to
give Clay the best papor she over
The Crittenden Record. Press of
Marion, which by the way is one of
Kentucky's best weekly papers, has
changed hands, and with N. E.
Calmcs as its new editor and publisher,
it is safe to say that many
improvements will be readily and
persistently noticed with muoh inter,
est every issue. Mr. Calmcs is one
of the State's best and most versatile
writers, and with natural
proclivities, we bespeak
for the Rccord.Press a bright and
rosy future. Mr. Calmcs was form,
erly editor and publisher of the
Sturgis News-Democrat, and we are
glad he is again An the newspaper
field. With fiv.e full page ads.ip
this week's issue, we arc quite sure
of his being well pleased with his
new field of labor. Luck to you and
your liberal patronage Brother. Cal.
mes. Mr. Marshal Jenkins, the re-
rriring editor and publisher of the
will devote his time
and talent .to bis valuable business.
interests. We, who know be
one of our best, newspaper frienjis,
regret his retirement from the newspaper
field, but his choice, is our.
will, and we .wish htm unbounded,
success in hjs future business pursuits.
A Compliment like the above, from
one of the best twice-a-week papers
in Kentucky makes the editor in his
new home, feel good. Thank you
Bros. Catlett. We shall try God
helping us to hold the old Record-Press
to the highest standard of
Kentucky Journalism that our friends
may never regret the many nice
things they have said about us.
The Crittenden Record. Press has
changed bands, N. E. Calmes now
having control. We say it without
fear of successful contradiction, Mr.
Calmes is one of the best newspaper
men in Western Kentucky and in
order that you may be sure that wc
arc right in this assertion, wc advise
you to notice the Record. Press for a
few weeks. Ho will "make her hum"
and don't you forget it. Dixon
Thank you, Bro. Rakes. It is
nice to to receive such compliments
and we appreciate it from you the
more because of your stand against
whisky and tho desecration of the
Sabbath. Your paper is olean and
the pooplo of your grand old couuty
should bo proud of it.
Editor N. E. Calmes, formerly of
the Stnrgis New Dsuioertt, haa
leased the Crittenden Reoord Press as
publiahed at Marion, Ky. for one
. ar !! will ive the people of the
adjo'rjing rvcntneic county gond
!m Ii-uh' ap. r imu lire
(Vilmcsy a. ua Ijul,1 hi ; rt ,-o' ,
people, over ttcre, and our word for
it, he will do the rest. Ho is
an affablo gentleman, versaut, and
converscut and boing a iluont, talented
writes, should ploaso any
Tho ono fault with him is,
too good for his own good, financially.
For ho will divide his last dollar
with the needy even though ho
may need it himself. Hardin Era,
Thank you Bro. Jackson for this
nice compliment. Knowing your
reputation to bo that of a thorough,
honest Christian gentleman, tho
compliment is tho moro appreciated.
MINING AS AN INVESTMENT 08 AS A
We fcol sotno hesitation about so often
decrying the inducements that are
held out to lead investors into mining
enterprises. We should not do so
did wc not think it to tho advantage
of the real mining industry to have
a correct understanding of the cen.
ditt jos. This is distinctly to tho
advantago of the engineering profession
and the class of operators who
are engaged in sorious mining, who
are tho members of the mining industry
that wo specially roprcsent.
They and we arc anxious to sco mining
regarded in the same way that
manufacturing and real ostato
aro oonsidorod, conducted and
valuod Wc waut to see tho elimination
of tho irresponsible and ignorant
promoters, fakers and visionaries.
If the public docs not squander its
money among them there will bo more
for legitimate purposes.
The offerings of mining investments
to the public may be classified under
five heads, as follows:
1. Developed mines, whereof the
ore-bodies actually disclose, promise
definitely a return of the principal
and an adequate interest (at least 6
per cent.) upon it in the meanwhile,
the data as to oro reserves being
by engineering reports of the
highest character. Individuals, or
small partnerships are seldom able to
afford the expense of developing
such properties, of the engineering
advice that is required, and in pet-forming
those things the development
companies and banking houses
perform a useful function for which
they sre legitimately entitled to
Mining investments offered under
such auspices are of the highest clan-and
arc especially attractive inasmuch
as the ore-bodies are seldom delimited
anti there is frequently a chance
for enhancement in tbo value of the
prinoipal. Nevada Consolidated and
Miami were shining examples of this
kind 'of mining investment.
2. Developed miaes, whereof tho
ore-bodes promise good dividends for
a longer or shorter time, but whereof
the return of the principal is slurred
over, or not talked about at all per.
haps on the theory that the devil
will take the hind-most the chiof
purpose of the promoters, backers
ana managers Deing to anect a distribution
of tbo stock. We refrain
from citing any examples of this
class, but foel free to express the
opinion that the majority of tho
names that are well known in Boston
and New York come under it.
3. Good prospects, whereof nothing
definite can be raid except that
there are promising chances for mak.
ing a mine. Sometimes the hopes
are realized and we have a
or Ahmcek, which pay the original
investors ;i0 or 100 for 1. Such
returns are those to feel proudest
about, but they are conspicuous bv
their infrcquency. The development
of the good prospects usually falls in
to the hands of the development
companies and banking houses and
they are evtntually present to the
public under class 1.
4. Dcvolopcd minob of doubtful
profit, (There are many operators
who arc honestly ignorant that thorc
mines are really losing money, all
things uousidored.) Some ol thosu
are good little properties whou re
gardod on a proper basis o.f
Mines oi this olais from the
investiutut standpoint merge luto
those of class 2.
f. WilJeats. These re
P h "wsppers, and present
recicirns fiaim "u ..t.if gone'-.
1 tic- K - H21
! arc 44" 4' TI 'J.i
suckors who father those things take
tho money of sompstressos, servant
girls, small tuadosmati aud fools.
Wo hoard of a man who bough 100
shares of every mining company that
he saw advertised in the newspapers.
Ho said. "It may bo' good. So it
"By wondrous nccidont porchanco
Gropo out n needle in n loml of hay;
And though n white crow be exceed
A blind man may, by fortune, cntch a
Tho possibility is amply exemplified
by tho original bringing out of
Greene Consolidated. But as we
think over the thousands and thousands
of similar promotions for ten
years beforo and after we can recall
no other. Our fnond would have
had a bettor chance in buying lottery
tickets. An idea of breaking tho
bank at Monte Carlo would have been
conservative by comparison, Seriously
wo need a law that will preveut
tho circulation by newspapers of advertisements
that aro chiefly designed
to catch suckers.
Netwon Utlcy Ordered to Appear
In federal Court.
Former St a t c senator Newton
Utlcy, of Lyon oounly, has boon
summoned to appoar tomorrow in tho
federal oourt here and show oause
why persists in trying hi datnagu
suit against Henry Boitnot, et al, in
the circuit court of Lyon eounty,
after it had been ordorod trnferrod
to the lijited States oourt.
Ctley was sued among others by
Henry Bonnet, now of Illinois, on
account of a night ridor outrage at
Dycusburg, Crittenden eounty, in
February, 19011, whon Bennett was
whipped and his barn burned. IJtley
declared he had no connection with
night riders or the raid, and there
was no intimation that he had done
more than participate in a general
night rider conspiracy. Utlcy brought
suit against Bcnneit and his attorneys
Flexner tt Campbell and Geo.
DuBelle, Louisville, Campbell' &
Cambefl, Paducah, and Carl Hen.
"derson, Marion, for 150,000 damages,
alleging the fact that he was named
among the alleged night riders for
tho purpose of extorting money from
Bennett, being now a citizen of
Illinois, moved to transfor the suit
to federalcourt, and an order was
entered by Judge Evans. Rccentlj
Utloy notified thedofendants that he
would have the case? called at the
August term o'f the Lyon circuit
court, and injunction proceedings
were instituted in federal oourt to
restrain tho prosecution.
Lkviks On Land.
Under direction of attorneys for
the negroes, who secured ?f0,000
damages against night riders, who
raided Birmingham, Marshall county,
Deputy United States Marshal El-wood
Noel levied on Alfrca Chaudot's
undivided interest in 160 acres of
land near Birmingham. It is re
ported the men around Birmingham
appeared in an ugly mood, and talk
of shotgun law was indulged in.
A Large Tomat.
Senator P. S. Maxwell brought a
very fine tomato to this office Thursday,
of the tree varioty, that measured
17 inches in circumference and
weighed 31 ounces, or in one ounce
of two pounds. Surely this is a fine
specimen to havo been grown by a
bachelor. Tho largest one, Senator
Maxwell said, fell from tho stem
before maturity and would, ho thinks,
have weighed thrco pounds.
Miss Mabel Kcvil brought to us a
beautiful specimen of hor orop of
tomatoos, two of thorn, and from the
same stem, They weie extraiuely
largo and porfect in shapo.
HEBE'S UNE fOR OLLIE.
Wathinirton, .Inly Represent
ative Olltc James ha reoelvtd notioe
that ibe Demoerauo CoHgressiOHal
Gommittup will order 100,000 copies
of his income tux speech for
'!' 'ii 'I . ' cut tli , is n
T T'" &
WANT I1IM AGAIN.
Sturgis, Ky., July 20 Kei. J
C. Midyott for tho past year has
servod the Ohio Volley College as
its president and tho Sturgis Baptist
ehuroh as it pastor. His work m
both ptaoes has bcon cxoollent and it
is almost tho unauimous opinion of
Sturgis people if Dr. Midvctt had
been in charge of tho Ohio Vallny
Collogo from the beginning wo would
now have a collcgo hero the cqu.il of
any in the state. His work at tho
college has been so appreciated by
tho board of trustees that at a meeting
to day they called him for another
year, asking that all his time be
givcu to the collcgo.
Emtoimai. .votk. Rev. J. c.
Midyelt is ono of the host oualified
men to be placed in chargo of or at
the head of a eolloge it has been our
plcasuro to meet, When he look-charge
of tho O. V. Collcgo at Slur
gis, he went to work with a deter
mination that crowned his work with
success and today this Institution
bids fair to rival any in the stato in
a very few yean. He is industrious
aud honest in every effort ho puts
forth for the upbuilding of this great
Tho hoart of .Mrs. J. F. Flanary was
niado glad Mondny morning when
with a Ane baby hoy. Wisi
thoughtful old stork Indeed in mnking
the selection of n boy that tho fonJ
mothor and wife named for her late
dutKirtvd husband, J. F. Flanary, The
sweet little fellow's advunt proved a
happy otrnslori for tho numberlesi
friends of the late departed shorifT of
Crittenden county. May tho God wki
saw lit to take away his good father
lead the little one In the path of right
eousnetts for Ilia name's sake and al
low his good mother the happiness of
seeing him grow and develop into
The home of Mr. and Mrs. John A.
Moore was mndc bright by the advent
Monday of a bright boy.
Lett For LoulSTllle.
Mr and Mrs. J. K. Wright left
Friday morning for thefr home in
Louisville Mr. Wright is a practical
mine engineer, representing a
large amount of Louisville capital
invosted in the lead, zinc and fluor
spar mines in Crittenden eonnty, Id
which he is himself a stockholder.
II r. and Mrs. Wright were a popular
oouplc with the people of Marion,
who areserry indeed to part with them
for ven the short period tboy will
reside in Louisville.
One Is months short horn male, one
5 months short horn male, both entitled
to registry, three 2 year old
Bucks, ten excellent Buck Lambs,
Ewe Lamba that arc top
notchers, 1 and 2 year old
Ewes, hard to excell. This entire
Hock is of .Shrojshire breeding, having
used registered Bucks for sixteen years.
One Registered Shropshire, 2 year old.
Will sell any number to suit purchaser.
P. C. male Pigs. Inspection Invited.
J. R. Summers, ,
Phone Pauper's Ranch. 0 it.
Resolutions U Bespc!.
Baker Lodge No. 162 F. E. & O.
U. or A., Weston, Ky. July 27, 09.
Whereas God, in his infinite power
and wisdom, has callod from our
midst our beloved Brother Charles
Walker, who was born March 21,
1SS4. maricd March 1, 11)05, died
June 111, ISIOP. Therefore be it
Rosolvcd: That in tho death of
Bro. Walker this lodgo loses one of
its host and most attentive members;
his family a kind and loving husband
and brother, and tho community a
Itcsolvod, That this lodge extend
it. deeped sympathy to the bereaved
family ana commend them to tho
Father of the fathorloss.
Resolved, lurthor, That a eopy
of these resolutions be recorded oh
ih book or roeordh of tins lodge and
a copy be sent to tho
and the Uftiun News for publication
and a eopy be sent to tho bereaved
Pete to the slumbering body sail
weniorv 'o the honer of ObaM
. ii I ' t"S. I. )