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TUESDAYS AND FRIDAYS.
VOL. 31 MARION, CRITTENDEN COUNTY, KENTUCKY, SEPT. 3 1909 NUMBER 18
THE TEACHERS' INSTITUTE
'was Well Attended, Well Enjoyed
and a Success In EverV Fea-
LESS THAN HALF THE SECRETARY'S
REPORT GIVEN IN THIS ISSUE
Continued from last issue"
Mrs. Perry told tho Institute her
plan for the study of long poems.
She would uot assign all of tin poems
as one lesson but would have them
first read tho whole to themselves.
Her plau would be to first study the
author then to be sure that all word
are well understood, to study all
references made to person or things,
to tell the story, then to read and
finally have omc innmnry work. She
said that in all this would occupy
the time ol many different recitations.
Miii Margaret Moore emphasized the
value of good litcnturc, the urgent
need of teaching more of it and of
giving pupils the very best. She
advised letting ni'ht of the very
modem works alone.
Prof. King the teachers to
cultivate the dictionary habit among
The Instructor and .Superintendent
asked the teacher" to tell what
they had been reading during their
vacation. The last fifteen minutes
before noon were set apart for this
purpose and all of the teachers described
their character of summer
Adjourned until Afternoon.
The work was opened by the singing
of ''Onward Christian Soldiers"
there the roll of teachers was called.
In the first part of tho afternoo'n the
subject of spelling was discussed.
Misses Pearl James and Maude
Richards said that tho aim should be
not for oral work alone but primarily
for witten work of his own and
that the basis of spelling should be
the study of the child, to him words
of his own use, with which he is
Mr. Stone being absent the assignment
of the spelling lesson was
discussed by Mr, Poguc, who said
that from tho first grade to the fourth
the words of spelling lessons should
bo words of practical use. Ho suggested
that a good review lesson
would be words which aro often
missed by pupils.
Miss Elsie Riloy said that a teach
er Bhould bo familiar with sounds ard
marks and teach them in order enable
a child to pronounce new words She
Bald that no child should be confined
to either oral or written spelling,
bo'h should be used.
Mr. Wicker advised tho use of
much drill work and praotioe of review
words both oral and written.
That there is too much mechanical
Memory work and not enough thought
work in spelling, was tho idea of the
Instructor. Ho said that spoiling
could bo mado as profitable as far as
thonght work is concerned as any
other study. He thought that plenty
of timo was spent in this study but
not profitably so.
Mrs. Perry asked tho Instituto
how the copying in spollinir lessons
by pupils could b prevented Tho
remedies suggested woro: to kep
pupils of tho sami olas apart, to
ereato rivalry between pupil" so that
o ono will bo willing in help Another,
to teaoh lesson- f Honesty, to
show that a bad npolling grado is
not a crimo but that cheating is a sin.
Mr. King said toaohcrs should mako
ic a quostion of the honor of tho
aohool before thoy let pupils report
cheating of otbors, ho said a spirit
could be oreatod in sohool which
would make cheating a disgrace, and
that often teaehora caused cheating
by placing too great a value on
Tho Instructor said that a good
plan in spelling would be to let pupils
hand in lists ot words that thoy
know how to spell and to use these
lists as future spelling lists. He
said that somo spelling could be
taught incidentaly but that spelling
books should bo used and that too
many words for ono lesson was a
After recess Mr. H. Babb, of the
State University, spoke for a few
minutes on the value of educational
papers after which the work of the
Institute continued. Mi-s Golightly
said that the aim in geography was
to give the child u definite idea of
the world and their surroundings.
Miss Hoborts being absent Miss
Nunn discussed the basis of geography
work. She atd it is best to
start with the child's experience and
the things around him to be careful
about sticking too close to the text
Miss Rankin said that a teacher
.slintua nave ncr worn piannou
much ahead of her class and that in
assignini! a lesson a teacher hould
explain the imin points so that tho
child will know what to look for.
Miss Bertha Moore described her
idea of a good recitation in geography.
She would have outline hofore
pupil? and nail mi one of them to
di-cuss a subordinate part then let
the class di-cuss it, She would have
maps before the class and use them
The instructor said that country
schools were ideally located for
the study of primary gcopruphy, I
for a child must have his imagry
well developed for fnrther geography
Map drawing is abused by most
teachers Miss Willie Clement thinks.
She says that cither to much or not
enough is an abuse.
Somo rplicf and industrial roapa
made by pupils were shown by Miss
Florence Harris. She said thoir
value was as great as objeot lessons
in the primary grades, that tho making
of the map helps the childs memory
and that the act of making has
an industrial value.
Prof King suggested that tho making
of soils, erosion, etc , are ening
on all around the schools and tint
this fact could bo used as valuable
Illustrations. He also said that
much of tho introductory parts of the
"Natural Complete Geography would
be best left alone if tho teacher does
not or cannot use illustrations while
teaching. He thinks that tho study
of geography and the making of
maps should be commenced in the
third grade. Tho first map made
should be tho map of tho school room
drawn to scale with objects in the
room correctly located. Tho uext
map made could bo the school-yard
drawn to onother scale or the home
of the child to another scale. The
map of tho district could be mado,
streams, roads and hills located. He
also called tho attention of the
teachers to the fact that these maps
would bring in arithmetic work. Ho
said that if the teacher neglected the
illustrations o f praotical nature,
springs, streams, etc., around him
the work in geography would lose
muoh of its value, that everything
should bo made concreto and full of
Adjourment until nino p. m,,
After a song and tho roll call tho
devotional exoroisos wore conducted
by Nov. M. B. Miller who spoke afterward
of tho responsibility of a
teachers' position. Ho said that all
teaohors should be christians and that
thoy should constautly keop in mind
that a ohilds spiritual welfare may
depend on them and that thoy should
often ask themselves "What am I
doing for humanity?
After Rov. Miller' address thj
rcgBitr work of tho Institute was
continued. The first subject on the
program the basis of arithmetic work
was discuss. by J. R. Wella. Be
Baid that tho basU was the child and
that teaehora should se the child's
1 "WELDON." I
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Prudential Life Insurance Company,
Phone No. 237. M AR&ON, KENTUCKY.
experience in making plans lor tilth.
niPtic work, an 1 give bun a coin-role
idea of things represented.
Prof. Hascoe said that much non
essential workAvas done in arithmetic
that all problems given should be
made as concrete as possiblo by
illustrations, pictures, make bel'cvc
money, measures, and objects mid
that in the intellectual work a child
hould analyze as they go and made
to understand that it is not answers
but the process of analysis that is
wanted. Ho advised teachers not to
ciufinc themselves to problems given
in text but let him do practical work.
Adjournment for a twenty minutes
After recess the Instructor addressed
the teachers on tho subjeot
. . .i
ofjtio morning s program,
tic. Ho said that a teacher should
havi three dofiuitc aims: to give the
child ability to think in numbers; to
give him skill, rapidity and accuracy
in the use of numbers; and to develop
his power to apply the principles
loarned to his own experience.
He said that arithmetic should bo
mado a usable tool for the child, that
problems should deal with things
with which he comes in contact. Do
not use tho text too much, make
problems which bring in his actual
experience, market prices, measurement
of aotual things. We, the
teachers, to have their pupils collect
data and make problems.
Ilcv. Millor said that much of the
lack of interest on part of patrons of
rural sohools could be stopped by
problems of a practical kind given at
school and m many instances actual
conditions on tho farm could be im.
proved in this way.
Hollis Franklin said that all children
could be interested in arithmetic
if problems in which they were
interested or whih concerned their
actual life were given.
Mr. Matthews asked if a teacher
should ever tell a pupil to work as
far as ho could in any arithmetic
lessen. Mrs. Perry thought it in
allowable in some instances.
In speaking of the preparation,
Clarence Thompson said that all
pupih should understand that it is
better to understand ono problem
than to get a dozen answers.
The Instructor said ho thought it
best to pass ovor any part of toxt
book that could not bo mado eonoretc.
Miss Marian Richards in speaking of
tho reoitation, said tho interest of no
pupil should be allowed to drop. She
thinks interest can bo done by preparation
on part of teaohors and by
well considered problems.
(will be continued next week,)
Mr. and Mrs. Strother Russell and
son William, of Dixon, were the guest
of Mr. and Mr. T. C. Stone a few
daya last week, Mr. Ituisell ii the
valued foreman of the Dixon Journal
and a fintclaiB pnator, whioh can
readily be seea by the neat appearance
ot the Jouraal.
annual dividend Company
(MTCNDEN COUNTY HIGH
Common School Graduates Will be
Admitted to Marlon High School
Wltnoiit Paying Toltion.
one years work in agriculture
wi:l form part of the course.
Arrangements have at last been
madei' .wheroby all common-school
gradcatcs of school age residing in
jlt' ff.dcn Uounty will be admitted
to the Marion High School without
paying tuition. This contract between
the County Board and tho
Marion School Trustees is in accordance
with tho provisions of the
law passed by the last Legislature,
which seeks to furnish the pupils
from tho rural districts, in every
county of the state, educational opportunities
equal to those furnished
the boys and girls of the cities.
In order that the Marion High
School may meet tho requirments of
tho law it is necessary to increase
our course of study to four vears and
to employ an assistant. A course
of study has been arranged which
makes the work offered hero second
to that of no high school of tho nimc
size in the State. An assistant will
be selected immediately. It is now
up to the people of the county outside
Marion Graded School district
to show whether they wish to take adj
vantage of the liberal provisions offered
by the County Board.
You can afford to sacrifice much
to give your boys and girls the fullest
possible training for life. One
year's work in Agriculture will probably
form apart of the course; if not
this year, certainly next year.
Board can be obtained as cheaply
in Marion as anywhere. Rooms may
bo rented and pupils board themselves
thus reducing their expenses to the
Those wishing to be teachers in
the near futuro will do well to take a
high school training, as the timo is
eoming, and that soon, when it will
be necessary to have a hitrh school
cduoation before they will bo licensed
to teaoh in tho distriot sohools. This
is now tho reqanomont in many states
and Kentucky will not long remain
behind her sisters.
Tho oontraot between tho two
school boards calls for tho payment
of a fixed sum rogardless of tho number
of pupils who avail themcelves of
tho opportunity. So, it rests with
you who pay the County Sohool tax
as to whether you got muoh or little
for your money. If you wish to get
value received, send yonr boys and
girls to the County High Sohool.
Jko. B. Paris, County Sapt.
Jko. P. King, Bupt. M.G.8.
A EOURPEAN TRIP BEING
FOR NEXT YEAR
Nine Have Already Signed and at
Least Twenty More Have Expressed
Determination to Go
COST OF TRIP FROM NEW YORK AND
BACH TO NEW YORK $300.00
A party is being organized from
Sturgis and surrounding towns, to
tour Kurope next year, in which line
persons aro already enrolled, and it
is purposed to make the number at
Among other things this party
will take in tho Exposition at Brussels.
It will siU from New York about
July 1, embracing the following
route; Liverpool, Chester, Stratford-upon
Avon, Warwick. Kcnnilworth,
Charlccotc, Winsdor. London, Harwich,
Book of Holland, The Hague,
Edam, Isle of Maarkcn, Antwerp,
Briissells, Waterloo, Aohen,
Cologne, Rhine steamer to Mainze,
Wiobaden, Frankfurt, Hoidelburg,
Stuttgart, Strassbure, Basle,
Rhine Kails, Zurich, Luzcrn
Brunig Ilass, Brionz, Gicsbach Falls,
IntcrliKcn, Lake Thun, Spiez,
Zwcisimmon, Montrcux, Lake Steamer
to Geneva, Ouch', Vcvcy Paris
via Macon and Dijon. London, Liverpool,
Detailed itinerary will be made
out before sailing and improvements
may bo made on this.
The cost of the trip from New
York back to New York'is limited to
$.'500. Further information can bo
had at the Record-Press office
Following, are a few of the many
expressions of appreciation to Rev.
T. M. Hurst from somo of the best
people in Europe:
'One of the most intellectual and
agreeable parties ever carried on the
Arabic, -Chief Steward."
"A very charming party and especially
Monsieur and Madame Hurst.
Madame Leon Glatz, Paris."
' Yours was a great party Let
mc know of your coming next year
and you shall have a regular American
dinner, 'roastcn ears water melons
and all.' Proprietor Hotel
and Manipolo Basle."
"Your party was the most friendly
and sociable I have ever traveled
with and I would be glad to bo able
to tak a longer trip with you next
year. (Rev.) James Hamilton."
What peoplo say who wore members
of Rev. Hurst's party:
"Miss Friend and I had a delightful
trip with you and Mrs. Hurst
and we think tho tour covers the
countries well, that are listed on the
itinerary. Our trip through Scotland
and the English Lake country
was simply delightful. Amanda G.
"The tour sister and I made with
your party was ccrtainlv delightful
and we both stand ready to further
your plans in any way wo can.
Blanch A. Long."
"Wo enjoyed all tho places vnited
and only wished for more time at
oach, Bollo and I aro going back
to somo of theso places somo day and
shall be glad to go with vou again.
Extras on Trip to Europe.
The first quostion asked by the
average individual who thinks of going
to Europe is, "What about the
extra expenses of suoh a trip?" The
general, idea with the inexperienced
is that the prioe of the tour is only a
starter and that the extras r liab'e
to bankrupt a millionaire. This is a
tho account down to an average of
50 cents a day. Here arc the things
that aro actually necessary, that arc
not included in the price of any
tour because they can not be equal
ized; Steamer chairs, if used $1.00
each way. Tips to servauts on the
ocean voyage, ought to be $-.50
each way. Baths aud laundry bills
according to taste and necessity.
Say $10.00 all told. Mid day lunches,
twelve days, in London and Paris
say 50 ccuts a day, makes tho aggregate
less than $25 00 for the trip
This may be made lower by cuttiui:
lunches and laundry bills. Lunches
in London and Paris may bo had
from 15 cents up, just as in American
cities, Of course if one drinls
wine, orders high priced lunches,
goes to the theater every night and
so on tho extras may be piled mountain
high, but this is unnecessary
The expense of touring Europe is
just like tho expense of going to the
St Louis Exposition or Mardi Gras.
or an j where else. There arc certain
necessary expenses that can be avoid
ed and other unnecessary expenses
that may be indulged extravagantly.
The sensible individual practices
economy, but occasionally tho
tourist loses his head and pays the
Sometimes people ask why not include
the extra expenses that are
necessary in the cost of the trips.
Simply because they can not be
equalized. On the ocean some folks
want all kinds of attention while
othors take care of themselves and
waiters expect compensation in proportion
to what they oo. Some folks
think they must bathe in salt water
twice a day while on the ocean,
while others are content with fewer
baths, and the same prinoiplc holds
good in laundry and lunch bills.
Ono person incurs light laundry bills
while others go to the othor extreme
and in lunching one will order a
sandwich and cup of coifee and be
happy while another wants broiled
pompano and blue points on tho half
shell with chocolate and chamgaignc
fringes, so that the only cquitablo
thing to do is to leave the individual
to regulate this part of the expense.
Tho price of thn trip includes every
necessary item that can be equalized;
and the cost of tho necessary things
that can not be equalized need not
be more than 35 to 50 oent a day
for the trip, need not exceed $20. to
$25. This is purely a matter for
the individual and may be made economical
or extravagant, just as shopping
bills may be almost nothing or
ruu into extravagance. The actual
extra necessary expenses of a trip
abroad are very light and only tho
thoughtless tourist makes them burdensome.
A good farm three and one half
miles from Marion, on the Marion
and Dycusburg road, containing 137
acres; 100 acres of which is in a high
state of cultivation, and many fine
posts on the remainder. This farm
is one of the best bargains in Crittenden
county and if you want a
ohanco at it you had better see me
at once. One third in cash and tho
balance in ono and two years. Apply
to J. F. Canady, Marion, Ky. R. 2.
Rev. James Price in a Big Meeting.
Rev. James Price is holding a
mcctiug at Gasper River Church, in
Logan ouDty. The crowds are vory
large und the interest tiuo for the
beginning of the meeting.
CARD OF THANKS.
I desiro to extend my hoartfolt
thanks to my neighbors and friends
who were so faithful during the sick.
ness and death of my loving mother.
Mrs. Bxll Triutt.
bQVL RENT Desirable place of
4 rooms in East Marlon, -Rev. W
T. Oakley. tf
scare arow, Tho writer ha never
allowed -his extra expensas to run
above aa average af 35 oeste a day -for
the trip and any one nay hold
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