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Blue -Grass BladeJ
M'BI IMIM) nv
we bude MBUsma comrivr.
OFFICE: 25 W. SHOUT STREET.
SATURDAY, FEIiRUARY 0, 188(3
A PKRPI.i:XIN() BITIATION.
""Gov. Kxott's letter to ibe Legis
lators oa tbe pnitentinry question
discloses a most remarkable state of
affairs ia that iDstitntion. All tin
machinery, implements, and even the
bls oa which tbe convicts aleop
belong to the contractors. Tbe State
owns tbe buildings, tbe boilers and
(mines and a few old hemp lootnc,
an I nothing e'se. The Slate doer
not own a pouiid of meat or an ouoo
of flonr oi which to feed tbe convicts,
and there in no' a dollar's worth ot
material on which to employ tb
co victs, and to "cap the dim"
tb Stato has no money with which
to Duy anything." It will cost $376
dey to feed th convicts and py ex
pe ses, or $137,304 for a year. Tbt
constitution prohibits the State from
borrowing another dollar; claim
ag iinst the treasury have alread)
be n deferred six mouths; erery cent
that ia expected to be available foi
aix'y days must go to tbe school
fuud, and what is the State ,oiog t
do with the convicts in the moau
ytimef There ia matiifestly nothing that
can be done bat to let them starve to
death or for the Qovernor to tort
every one of them loose on the com
munity by wholesale pardons.
The next best thing might be for
the Legislature to enact a law pro
viding for the convicts to be tnrned
ont oa a "ticket-of-leave," as it is
termed ia England. By this form of
furlough the English convicts are, on
good behavior, turned ont of prison,
aal required to report to certain of
ficials at stated times. They may
ba turned into any jail on proof of
bad conduct, and the "ticket-of-leave'
is thereby revoked.
Ia this exceedingly perplexing sit
uatioa in the Kentucky penitentiary
the Legislature might provide for a
"ticket-of-leave" for all convicts in
for crimes other than treason, mur
der, arson and rape, and thus find re
lief ia the only possible way that is
visible. This is rendered more im
perative from the fact that when
Mason & Co., return the leased con
victs there will be fully 1,100 within
the walls of the penitentiary. On this
point Gov. Knott saya : "This, in
my judgment, would be a popular
calamity. It suggests possibilities
at which humanity revolts with in
stinctive horror. There are, all told,
741 cells in the penitentiary for tuak
prisoners.' Of these but 048 are
available, and they are barely euffi
cie it fur one convict e.icb. Tbe
remaining 00 are totally uufit for oc
cuptncy except iu the mildest
wenther. Therefore, unlof-s FOiae
provisions shu'l be nitcU for their ac
coium Klittiuu, over 1,0 )0 convicts
must be crowded into quartern
scarcely bumtient for C4S In other
wordu, over 700 human beings mast
be inuiur.'d by couples in cells cnly
8 1 . ) iuches wida, (5 ft. 3 inches high
ana G f.'i't 8 inches long, furnishing
ucder tbe most favorable circuit
stances air auflicient for a single per
son only. It you would realize the
iirioie roam's wuicn must enbue
.omeuch condition of things, you
hava but to refer to the horrible Li
tory of squullor, misery, crime, dis
ease and death disclosed by the in
vestigatioa of tha conditioa of the
penitentiary made by your prede
cessors in the winter of 1879 80."
"With such facts staring tbem in
the face we do not see why legis
lators should beniiate a moment in
adopting the "ticket-of-lcave" plan.
It would probably set looue 75 per
cent of tbe convicts who are ia for
minor offenses, and give the State a
breathing spell and an opportunity
to make euitablo provision for the
poor wretches who fall into the
clutches of the law.
13ut, no matter what is done, the
Legislature should abolinb theod oua
leae system, by which convict labor
is brought into ruinous competition,
with thu houeat wage-workers of cur
Tui lioube of Representatives was
dis'iaudej again yesterday to enable
tbe arcliitct fo place props under
the floor. The legislators will carry
soft cushion and step-ladders here
after; the former lo make the fall
easy and the latter to enable them to
climb ont after the stilts under the
floor give way.
It looks as if (he State officers in
connection with Mason ft Co., are
determined to bully the Legislature
into dismissing penitentiary Warden
8octh. The Board dismissed Sooth,
who went to work and secured tbe
sympathy of the Legislature; tbe
Governor and tbe other members of
tbe Board standing too high on their
difftiitv to endeavor to have their
side of tbe case presented to tbe
Legislators. Now that South has
lien vindicated by the Legislature
the convict lessees hasten to an
nounce their determination of throw
ing off on their contract, well know
ing the situation in which tbey
thereby place tbe State, and doubt
less relvioir on this as a means of
compelling the Legislature to tnrn
South out. The Governor suddenly
sees tbe perplexities of the situation
and delivers a messsge to the Lefe
1 at tire describing its norrora in
rnpuio language. lie doubtlee
kuew all tbe facts jnst as
well a mouth ago as be does to-day.
ind the withdrawal of Mason & Co.,
jonpled with his message, seems to
convey the plain hiot that the Leg
islature can do only one thins, and
hat is dismiss South.
The question is a tough one. If
the Legislature does not want to
iuuble on its record, it can provide a
"ticket-of-have" law, which is about
all that is left for it to
lo. This would be an experi
ment that would be watched
vith decided interest, but it ie
the only visible wsy out of the di
lemma. It is the penalty for incom
petent and botchwork legislation,
ind is notice to the people that they
will best serve their interests by
electing good and judicious men to
vhe Legislature bereaf er.
It was while Judge Muxiioam was
peaking that the State Bouse floor
began to wobble. This is a great
compliment to the Judge's powers of
oratory, and we leave faith in his
ability to shake the capital over to
Lexington. In the language of
Tandy Hughes, "the Judge is a hum
mer." A 11 that Lexington can desire
is for him to keep pegging away at
The Law and Order Club of wicked
Cincinnati has gainod a victory of
the greatest importance to their
cause. The Governor has removed
the corrupt police commissioners
who refused to allow the arrest oi
theatrical people who violated the
Sunday laws by giving Sunday en
tertainments. Ttis is giving the
devil another black eye. Lay on,
Sam Jokes t
Hon. M. C. Alfobo has introduced
in the State Senate a bill to amend
tue charter or .Lexington. e are
informed that it provides for a Board
of Aldermen, a Police and Fire Com-
mistioo, a ad an extension of the time
for paying the capitulien tax, n ad
dition to some other items of minor
importance. The bill was prepared
ifter due consultation with msij
.veil-posted citizens of Lexington,
and it will doubtless pass both
Houses in time to select officers in
The Right Tlilntf to do.
The Frankfoit Correponde it of
the Cointou Commonwealth say:
r row lriugts to breaks is a trausi
'ion easily nude, especially to one
who stood in the lobby the other das
when the floor of the House began ti
wobble. Col. Mulligan was speak
ing at the time, aud, aa the tbukiny
continued, and the occupanta of the
lobbies fled iu dismay, the gallant
Colonel moved that the balance of
he session be held in the new court-
bouse in the beautiful Blungra&s
city of Lexington. Tue motion
lidu't prevail, but the motion to ad
journ till to-morrow did. Mean
while, an architect is examining to
Bee how big tbe bill can be made for
repairs. Iwo years ego the east
hide of tbe Chamber, just over Tom
li.nry's deputy's office, gave wj
and was propped ujt. This year tb
wefct end siukn, and the supposition
is that tbe floor is playing both end
sgainst the middle, us haa beeu done
by the Legislators, for lo! these many
years. If, however, the tumbling
and cracking of the old shell con
tinues until the building lies a mass
of ruins, much thanks would be due.
The way would be open for a re
moval to Lexington, aud an escape
from the Frankfort malaria, which
is too far above proof
TUe Turkey ( rap.
The firm of Speyer Bros, have
collected during the last three
mouths in Central Kentucky 1 10.-
000 pounds of body turkey fenther.
and 40,000 pom.d of quills. TU
vast uuuibxr of these line fowl
ruined iu this section cau be estima
ted when the fuct is knowu that a
single bird does not produce more
than t half pound ot feathers.
OUlt 8KSATK. I
What this Branch
A Bill Looking to Increased
OTHER BUSINESS TRANSACT'
Fraskfokt, Kr, Fck 3. L
was granted to bring ia the tollo
A bill to require persons selling
oleomargaiine to disclose its true
character and cell it as snch. Pnblio
A bill requiring all banks in the
Commonwealth to list and pay taxes
on the fair cash value of ail their
real and personal property for State,
county and municipal purpeses at
tbe same rate that is now assessed
and collected, or which may here
after be assessed and collected from
other real and personal property in
this Stato, any privileges ia any
charter to the contrary notwith
Ifonse Bill No. 165, making sedtic
'ioi. a felony, wastikn up. Passed.
Mr. Bryan presented a communi
cation from Mason-Ford Company,
K gAes of the convict labor of the
State, addressed to the General As
sembly of Kentucky, wbich, ifter
obj-ction, was ordered read f in
Ii .111 at ion. The communication re
newed the demand for relme of
lfssoes from their contract f-f con
vict labor, for certain re.vtoua staled
therein. Mr. Havs movd to it-'er
?Iih communication to the Co-um tree
on Penitentiary. AdnnUii
A bill to egnl uto th trail i in
spirituous, vinous or malt liqnj -sin
this Commonwealth, was tno up
from the special orders. Mr. Eerry
tnared to consider tbe bill in Com
mittee of the whole. Adoptrd Mr.
Berry was called to th ch'r a id the
he Senate went into Committee of
the whole. Mr. Bush moved that the
Committer rise, end that it I e re
ported to the Senate that the Com
toittee desire that the bill be referred
to the Committee on Judiciary or itt.
opinisn as to the couhti.nfioni.lity of
tbe bill. Adopted. A b 11 to r.tuend
the charter of the Franklin Insurance
Company of Louisville FiEe-d.
Mr. Taulbee called up a j tint reso
lution inquiring into tb -sp"dienay
of re-districting the State iuU' iudi
cial districts, and the Hniri duient
proposed by tbe House. The Senate
concurred in the amendment of the
A bill to punish certain offenses by
. tripes reported adversely. Motion
was made strikine out all off.-nses
but wife-heating. On motion of Mr,
Gilbert tbe bill and amendments
were recommitted to Committee on
Houbb Bill No. 807, relating t
amendment of the charter Oi
town of Winchester. Passed.
Mr. Burnett, General Statute
bill providing for the record;.'
attachments in certain cases, vith
amendment, and the Senate then ad
T0 THE READERS AND FRIENDS OF
A number of persons have kindly
asked me to send them my paper and
I have kept a list of their names,
but until the time of its first issue I
have solieited no subscribers. The
circulation of the Blade will there
fore be begun by being sent to tbe
petson8 who may receive it,boping, of
course, that thev wnl pay me for it,
but claiming no advantage of tbe
newspaper law which I deem an cn
just one. which requires one to pay
tor a paper that be may tike from an
.lbce, and which may have bean
sunt to him without his order. To
tuch persona as conclude to t ike the
LSlade, I would say thb 1 W'll tl Buk
them to romit to me or h. nd me tlie
one dollur supocriplion iaoi:e at
thtir earliest eonveuiouce. T ) 1 1 s-
who fuel doubtful about the proi ne
ly of taking (he paper I wculd mj
hat I will take it a? a kindness if
thev win allow it to com to t i ni
until they determine about it, and
tueu infoim me hccordii.ah. Tue
Hladi will bo sent with this U3 1 r-
lunding to the ulmoet emite ihc who
subscribed to the Lexingtor. Daily
Observer through my solitcution, aud
o another list ihatl havo ui .oe but
from others generally rbideit ia tht-
ionutry and aitjoiuu g town tl the
Bluegraait legion, ai d to vriMit ie-
mote parts of the United State. It
is my purpose in this way revnlarly
to extend the circulation of the 1 law
each week, and I will be g ad if
my pt rsoual friends, or the friends of
the Blade, will su"gef I to orally
or by note, the iiauitM of C"-onsto
whom I might send it ou tit 1 con
ditions with some probtbi' tvf.f gain
ins their patiouage. 1 think the
public may safely regard the (3ladb
as being upon a permanent founda
tion, and I will take pleasure in giv
ing any information with reference
therertotbat maybe asked of me.
tf iill ilDJTOU.
All knowing themselves indoLvd
to us will p louse call and settle, as v e
uintit have our money. All uceou-.U
chut have been standing tix ta
andlonuor, if not paid ia o0 c i,
will be placd ia the hands of a ' I
lector for settlomeut
A. B. Cuius & CV.
A. B. CLiua a Co. are aellibg i 'U
housttcd dollars worth of winter
goods at oost (0 rsdocs itoek.
Tbe lienvlent MnoTvfmi in ?Tniijr
Niw Yonx. Fib. 4. Tin sttio
Continued with little ulvtwiiont till
night, and it is nrdmbt'il1y th
worst siorin Ne Yoik bus ep-rl-enced
sinct ISTS.srtwts being mpidl
filled with snow and the street cats
are pulled along with grwtt difficul
ty. A strike upon a number of tic
roads tend to overcTowd the clt ated
LvsrriBtno, Va., F K l--Tli
snow i '. Ive iiiclii" ib' j and at
railroad c n'li'tr.i ' ion U in rrmi
ed. Repo: ts from thu S tihwest.er
port'oti of heK:at indn"it" nnphr
itlleled Kt"t ns, t tm no cv I --1 1. oil
two to thr-a f-nt d
Baltimi-ke, Mil, ') 1 Th.
snowfall hi're is a-ventvcn incli
deep, being the heaviest, iace 18o0.
Trains from every direction itro
layed, and nnviKatio-i on th Cupsh
peake Bay and its tribnt irii s is en
tirely suspend -d.
WAsmsoTON, Feb. 4. To-nny lier
are reorts that snow is drifting o
some of the roads, and if. tu ) lv
that more trouble will be giv. 11 by
the drifts in cuts, but. tvr)lbiuy
will be done to keep tbe roads opti
All the western trains dm hern last
night arrived nbout four l'lour lati,
those arriving this morning no an
The Pr)pDsitioii lias 'Re
ceived More Favor
The Buildings a Disgrace to
Fram the Prtnkfnrt Capital.
A nnmbei of circnmstincos have
conspired of late to put the Legis
lature in a bad humor, end egitate
that aged question, the "Capital re
moval." It is not the Capital News
paper, or the Capital Brew ry, vt
th Capital Hotel, or the Capital
Photograph Gallery, but tbe Capital
City, that they talk about removing.
The proposition has received more
favor this winter than ever before,
because, as friends of tbe removal
state, tbe present Bccornmodstioiii-
for legislative work are wholly in
adequate, and will never be replaced
by better ones, as long as the seat cf
Government remains where it 1-.
Ineuiuicuity that lies in the wj
of moving tbe Capital is a 15 nunc
one. The State cannot afford the
expense incident to such an under
taking, at thi titnq. In answer to
this itArged that either Lexingtoi
r . 1 !.... l - . .
ur uuuikvii'u win uuurnanit uiu ru
tire expet)HA8 of ri'nval, or of pro
viding suit !ible buildings, auddoiiht
besides, tl.e cronnd to tLo State
The pr8(-i.t t'npiti.l is n'diegrane t
the State, and a number of Legisla
tors huvo pat riot lCH.dy atiuoancfi
that they vill vote for ar.j thing pro
posed, rather tnan couHigo thm
selves or thoir successors to auothei
term within its walls.
A Black Eye for Local Option.
Madison, Wis., Fub. 4. A de
cision was rendered iu the State Su
preme Court yesterday which th
leading attorneys claim will huve lh
effect of annulling local option in thir
State. It was a caso wnere beer it-
kegs was received from brewers and
delivered to customers by their agent,
may be done under United bint ;
law, and it wus claimed that the s.il.
was made at tne brewtry and not at
the agent'e residence, 'ibe Suprriue
court upholds the view.
CoL Bob Sandusky is ind-'gnant at
the nevtpipers fcr pubiibhing the
report 'but he miciden. Alth jugt.
no one watts to did. we think LJ.
Bob eught to feel compliLLsntd ovi-
tho nuuibi r of nice obju.i.ry nutici
he received.- If evr u mun was tent
on tbe hug journey in hrst-clu-
Btyle, 110 nuh. we imi to eee room
for indignation, wceu his newpupei
friends pi nctuatod evtrx line of ihi
obituaries is it h a tear. It i-n't t-ver.-man
who ots u good farewell.
Colui; 10 .ct Well.
Mike Goixuley, who wua shot in
the stomach by John Walsh, has re lied
fiom the rhock and is now get
ting along us well as could bJ expected
Uis physician sas he ihiuka lie vuu
Ket weJL The wound ia about an
inch to tbe left of the nuv. l, ui dth
physician thinks it likely the bAl did
not go strai,Lt in, but kUuck th
covering of the bowels and "lancetl
around. If this is true, bis chiinctm
of recovery are good.
A bwtet Assembly.
Chicaoo, Ft-b. 4 Eighteen fit mi
engaged iu tbe fruit-pre-ei ving busi
nesa in Botroit, Liuciunati, Indinn
apolis, Peoria, St. Louis aud Chicau
were represented attbe meeiingliei'
yesterday. The luecting was fir the
purpose of forming au Association
similar to thoe ot other manufac
Wlnier Goods Cheap.
In the tick of time 't omes 11
advertihenit nt of Mesi". A li. Chiin
& Co. to aell a lare atoc-k of bl;.nk tt-
wiinlen aiit.! inot'i Wil li War a
vt. t:e IvllHr iftiw. if p lit lu r
a worth as liiiicli i s u t!u!: .r k il 1
half kpmt I l.ro lbs tU.-n0' t'Uio U-
The !' ' ''i . (ia .in h
been defeated with
Luavy lotees by
A HiOtPAffiEinUBilS SUSS
tyia iJy, tiov tj .rfii in, tin Motto.
-I'bi.uirj 23, 2i,2o, 1
(anfl-'tnu of MiHt.hr-d frnttlm sfultlos
j n'l .illlni lint hr.virt mrp, til (Ptof tin
nui-t n'iil ttr In vnrtil. Th cmiciitninmt,
rt tnim ih pmuii limit liri"ilr it th ennntr;
ami nro iluiti e rdH-Kcnt fnnn th lr miirrllvr
tllfl. t 1'nv ditrnih.rri tn Ktvtt mors 111 fllHil'
to Hii inn '!' nd li'h lv MilUK of th iitork In mj
fnle. nni mV rr t9 with thp vnrionn pmniln
Hnr-' iiifn ( tli corn'ry rnn'il n In do M
unrci-.fii ly. I tonfldnnt no tinhllc h
nmiiilniHl n (tnor Id ct hor than is now offoml
fhff r-iiii-K-nt th L'rit Urn, jrir Wllk.
Htr-'ft'r, Hmhrlno Atrhra, Almont, Htrithmor
l)ui"l Lamlwrt. Ami"-lrn Cljr, JurOcnld, Rol
m.n.t, MlK. kwiX'il, Clark I'lilt f, Jar Bird, Lnmpa,
Yn r k.I 1:11, Kilirt, U ivcrncir Sprngno, Anhland
I'lilf, Onirard, t'l Wlikt. MVriiiswond, Alrrnne,
irnicl. Slamhrtn humll, Irlnrpa, Bnflrld,
M;iMiirlni llanildmanfvi and other acted aim
'nli- pnaliivi, rain or ahlnc. without rmwrratloD ot
InV.itd. VatalogMf now raadjr. Appljrl
Raisins, Nuts, Figs, Prunes,
U'.uf jiate C'tea n and bonbons,
Cryntalized Fruits. Florida Oranges
iii ice Ueht nod Blum Pudding
OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.
Florida and California
Concord and Malaga Grapes. Every
variety ox Fine K resn
DAILY BY EXPRESS.
NEW YORK COTNTB, THE FtM
OVSTICKS THAT GROW,
Cranberries Fret-h and Fine,
Kuick-tiacts of every descriptioi
Sprci'il orders to parties and festival?,
rJa I and , f hot gla-s of Soda.
v, t. j:vell & co.
Merchants' Account Books,
Bill Taper.and Cards.
J. B. M. & Co. take sub
scriptions to American and
Foreign Periodicals, receive
new. publications every week,
import books to order from
London, and have rnntinp;,
Binding and Engraving done
at reasonable rates. jan23tf
JAMES RUMS EY,
Mi uuf'icturer of
CAKTtt. H EHPDRAKEIi
And Kq.-Ur-r ot all kiuda f
124 F.AHT tllO.T STREET,
J, H. CRUTCHFIELD
NO. 13 WET MAIN ttT..
Has reduced his large line of
eu gani uress gouus anu is now
selling out at very low prices.
His stock oi Flannels, Blank
1 A 1 I -
ets, Woolens of all kinds, and
VVuuer Underwear, is large,
bought very low, and will be
sola at bhoi't i ronts.
J.Iy good j are bought for
rnn t C:vh at the lowest
io: si ..e p1 ict my expenses
1 - 1 -.... . r .
ire 11 it, ai''i iiiy raie 01 pronis
im.'ll I ti.' -eiore cau and
vili nil gt d:; very low.
a3tij'art . , ...
DE LONG& CO;,
LEXINGTON. KY. i
Datra Is farm ait (anta aod, kar want, farm
ihaad maita barnaai tail ;
FLYING DUTCHMAN, SULKY U1WS.
-AtSO AOESTS FOR
O S Orhorn A '.' Solf Wndara and Mo-ra,
tvirnner atr K Tator, nitwii t hiiian flaw,
T nmMon' Mwr. emr I'nlm'r.iiif; Harrow,
Rindtll Harrow. Ktntth a 7-Knot Mnwvr. Tlmni.a'
Unoothln llarrnw, Hid lllrkarv aitmi, farltar'a
Rro'a tluna, M film' Vtnt tiltlnfta asd Dtiiih
Trara, (Jam and Leather Urltlng.
Ful 1 Line of Fe r m
OALL AND SEE US!
X!r. Bromarmaa can
1 1 u 1
Roller Mills Flour.
Uao Cream or Favorite.
TaToxr Crooor for It.
J. W. BERKLEY.
BerKleu, Gutline Watson,
- Foreign and D . mestic
18 asd 29 North Uppsr Street, Opposite Crrtaouse,
Lexington, - Kentucky.
raOPBIETOBS OF THE
PURE JAVA BRANDS
FOR SALE IN THIS CITY.
-AMD POT CP IM
Jff. LEVEEING C CO.,
'0. i COMMEBCE bTHEET.
BAKER & BfiOTm
POB mST-OLASS '
We will give you bargains in
anything in our line.
Now is tba time to bare your car-
riujjt-a and bntfifs ic'iri. m.i vi
will t'o yen liist-olaaa woik Lull 't tl
km u i t ont prioen,or suti'i UMMurJ,
xud w will oIl aud ti jou.
Implanton!, earriafaa, kitgsrl, phMlot", carta, S a ,;
IJREMERM A N GROOVED PICKET
ba Found at 74 South.
J. L. WATSON,
I, Y. SMITH
YARD At Corner of Spring and
CENTRAL OFFICE No. 0 Sooth
Orders left at Either place
will receive prompt attention.
Telepiione Nos. 164 and
Ordors by .mail or otLerwiae
olKited. i'mupt aa
D; II. BJfiATTY.
i W. aUOUY i.z; . ,
li' Iu InHihwr .-uhiuII) , aud nuLfa a am'ialty
f. U aud lull. I.ii .iu. 4; uj .tlauj l,.n
nr.-ut iIwmu', and baa i -am iu uuar, uuk, clival,
a,. I aud tii.t, kU tnm IU l i iwt luuir
luu'it.i uiii.i ii.u i ...... ..... u'i.... . ... ra
, w.u.wm iuauu r u kak
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