Search America's historic newspapers pages from - or use the U.S. Newspaper Directory to find information about American newspapers published between 1690-present. Chronicling America is sponsored jointly by the National Endowment for the Humanities external link and the Library of Congress. Learn more
title: 'Blue-grass blade. (Lexington, Ky.) 188?-19??, November 21, 1891, Image 1',
meta: 'News about Chronicling America - RSS Feed',
Image provided by: University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY
All ways to connect
Inspector General |
External Link Disclaimer |
M V A
Vol. II. -No 21.
Lexington, Kentucky, Saturday November 21. 1891.
Subscription, $2 .
Kind Wards frni I be Sealh.
The foregolngtell that we are to
have some Moore good Prohibition
agitation. We are glad to see the
Blue GraaaBlade at work cutting
rach a wide swath among the incon
stant voter. Moore knows how to
Write and should be supported in the
work. There is a wide field in Ken.
tacky for Prohibition papers. 1,860,
000'population should support 372
The idea of our suspending the
Journal Is one Moore joke. Moore
should try to tone down somewhat,
like we have; not because we say so,
but because it will aid him in the
work. Good Prohibitionists will read
the Blade any way. but there is a class
that we want to reach with Prohibi
tion logic that will not read either
one of our rantankerous sheets, but
it took as some time to learn it. A
man with strong convictions and
knowledge of the righteousness of his
cause, is liable not to see his faults.
Experience has been a good teacher
for us, and we give this advice gratis
to Brother Moore Southern Jour
nal. The above is in responce to a
squib in which 1 professed to be
jealous of the prosperity of the
It is evidently kindly intended,
and may be good advice; and the
Journal seems to be prospering
under its uew policy, and I am
glad it is.
But as for myself, I abominate
the word compromise expediency
policy. I do not believe in tempor
izing. Whenever I am convinced that
"watfcr in modo" is for the ulti
mate good of the Prohibition
cause, you will find in me all the
distinguished docility of "Mary's
lamb." For I am the fellow that
can do it. But as long as I under
stand it as I now do I am going to
throw rocks and . brick-bats ln-'-stc&dof
turf," at that liquor
traffic bo in my apple tree.
I haven't studied away over in
the hack part of the blue back
spelling book" all tor nothing.
Let Bro. Sawyer lead and I will
et behind and drive, and may
be between us we'll get there with
Prr. I. J. Backer Trie I
Harsaaalze the Discord
aside by the Voice's
On the oight of November 9
in the Christian church in George
town, I heard Prof. Kocker make,
to a good audience a Prohibition
speech that I am willing to pay
$5.00 toward having him deliver
over this state, at any time he can
do it, before the Presidential elec
tion in '92.
The main and almost only fea
ture of the argument, is what has
been officially said in favor of
Prohibition by twenty-six relig
ious denominations in the United
States; by the Court of Appeals of
the state of Kentucky; by Gov
ernor Leslie, of Kentucky, and by
a Congressional Committee ap
pointed to report upon the effects
of the liquor traffic iu the United
This is the committee whose
report to Congress was defeated
by Col. Breckinridge of this state,
though Prof. Rucker did not al
lude to the fact in his speech.
The Professor attempts a har
mony of the discord among Pro
hibitionists that has been occa
sioned by the editorials of the
New York Voice, that charge
the churches with the responsi
bility. The Professor acquits, or
fails to acauit. the churches of
this indictment, according as we
regard the official action of their
members as constituting the senti
ments of the churches.
If what the churches in their
official capacity have said consti
tutes the position of the churches
on the liquor traffic, then tweuty
siz religious denominations of the
United States embracing all that
are generally known, are in favor
of a suspension of the liquor
If however, the way four-fifths
of the members of these churches
have voted constitutes the voice
of the churches, then these
churches, or the church, if we re
gard it in its collective capacity,
is just as certainly a "bulwark
of the liquor traffic," as the Voice
aid it was, as that the Demo
cratic party of Kentucky is suah a
If we discard technicality, aud
talk in the current terminology of
the day, I do not think that the
Professor exonerates the church
from the charge of the Voice.
The leading officials of Breathitt
county in this etate, may be in
favor of law aud order, but if it
be true that there are so many of
the citizens of that county that
are opposed to these officials iu
their attempts to sustain the law
that the officers can not control
them, then it is fair to sneak of
Breathitt county, as a lawless
county, though it may have as
good laws and as good officers as
any county in the state.
Even though the Court of Ap
peals of the state of Kentucky, and
the Governor of the state of Ken
tucky have expressed themselves
as being against the liquor traffic,
the state is justly said to be in fa
vor of the liquor traffic as loDg as
it votes against Prohibition as it
This attempted harmony of the
issue as to the church s responsi
bility for the liquor traffic, is
meant, by Prof. Rucker, for the
good of the Prohibition party,
but in the current acceptation of
language upon such points, the
church is at least a "bulwark of
the liquor traffic."
A Part ofa Letter From a'Thip
oflhe old Block.
Kkoxvillk, Sept. 17, 1891.
My Dear Father Mama wrote
me a letter to-day saying you
were going to supend the Blade.
Of course I am very sony but I
susect it is best, as the excite
ment is more than you and Mama
ought to stand.
I am very rorry that you have
made enemies, but I shall never
regret a single issue of the paper.
The Blade was not at fault. It
was the cowardly set of people
who could not stand to have the
truth told about them.
You have fought a good tight
and have done your part toward
the advancement of humanity.
What greater thing could you have
The friends you have now are
true ones. Those you have lost
were not worth having.
If I live long enough I believe
I will be highly respected on ac
count of my father.
. I am not frightened by anybody
attempting to . assault you; for
those people know you too well.
But if you all don't quit pretend
ing to be, you may look for me up
in Kentucky before long.
I think that piece in the Leader
was about as absurd as an article
could be. !
Such pieces will not amount to
anything. Please do keep out of
public life after this. You will
find the farm just as interesting if
you don't work too hard
This is a part ofa letter from my
son, that I have just come across
in a package ot unanswered cor
respondence. I have to do so much newspa
per writing that I am a poor pri
1 am proud of my son, and no
letter that I have gotten encour
aged me so much as that one.
He would not ha e written with
out marking it "confidential," if
he had not thought the Blade had
I publish it because it tells an
interesting tale. Doesn't it seem
strange thai in this land of Uni
versities and colleges and churches
a son would have to cheer his
father for the discouragements he
meets in trying to stop so flagrant
a crime as that, against which the
Blade is working?
If to have a son who can con
sistently talk like that is so great
a source of happiness to me, what
must be the misery of the father
ot one of these young men whose
faces show them to be debauched
Somebody may say I am brag
ging too soon on my son but he is
twenty-one years old and has never
Jet tasted liquor or tobacco, and
am not afraid.
The misery of parents with
drunken sons and the happiness
of parents with dutiful sons equally
appeal to good men to do all they
cau to put down this awful crime
of the liquor traffice, but even
men who are good in other re
spects seem to be blinded as by
some infatuation when it comes
to this greatest of all sins, the
Just as long as my son abstains
from the first drink of liquor I
will have absolutely no fear that
he man bring sorrow upon the
gray hairs of my old age, but as
soon as I hear he has taken his
Jirst drink, a shaft will go into my
heart that will quiver there as long
as I live.
I would not have him deliber
ately to take that first drink, even
ofwineata social entertainment
from a beautiful aad sweet girl,
from my son I find one from
gentleman which, near the end
contains these words. "It is quite
incomprehensible tbat so many
people can complacently look on
this great evil until the 'chickens
come home to roost.' But when
their own domestic hearth is in
vaded by the arch enemy, then
comes the wail of distress.
That is so, and you would think
that it would make them try to
save somebody else's boy; but it
does not have that effect.
In that same package of letters,
there is a snort one from a gentle
man who sent me sz.uu tor my
paper, and says he enjoys much
in it, and then he makes that same
fiatronizmg apology for my re
igion that so many of them do,
Now let me tell you about that
man. I regard him and his fara
ily as one of the lovliest families
of people I ever saw. When I
was a young man they used to
hear me preach and were my de
voted friends and are all such to
They are all the most sincerely
religious people. When I was a
young preacher that gentleman
was a grocer, and I noticed him
one day selling whisky. As- soon
as I could conveniently do so I
asked him if he did not think it
was wroner to sell whisk v
He laughed and said 6 no, that
was a part ot tbe grocery trade,
and ray customers called tor it.
I know you will hardly believe
me when I tell you bo, but I had
been reared eight miles away from
any town, and knew so little
about practical life in the world
that when he told me that, I
thought may be the law compelled
every grocer to keep whisky; and
I never said anything more , to
him about it, though I thought a
great deal about it and it seemed
to me a strange arrangement that a
Christian man would liave to sell
He had two little boys, so small
that I could hold both of them at
once on my knees.
Soon after that we were sepa
rated and I have onlv seen one of
the sons to this day. They both
grew up to be drunkards. One
suicided and I saw the other one
last summer. He was a model
and was a worker and voter
tor Prohibition, and was glad to
see me, and said much to encour
age me in my -trork.'- Hia father
still votes for whisky' by voting
with the Democrats.
He does not vote with the
Democrats because he wants free
trade. His business is not affected
by that. He votes with the
Democrats and for whisky le
cause he hates the Yankees for
what they did in the war more
than a quarter of a century ago.
I hate the Yankees too, but I
turned "infidel," and voted for
Fisk a Yankee General who
was a Christian and philan
thropist, tor President of the
United States, at the same time
my Christian friend voted for old
G rover Cleveland, whose friends
did not deny that he was a liber
tine, and who had stufted him
self with eatables and drinkables,
and is so swollen up about the
jowls and neck that he looks like
the proprietor ot a Dutch Deer
saloon and Bob Ineersoll says of
him that he does not have to un
button his collar when he pulls
off his shirt.
In the last day or two I have
received a postal card from a
Christiau gentleman who had
been my friend for years. The
card was severe.
Whisky had invaded a lovely
family and wrought fearful ruin.
The family are friends of the gen
tleman who wrote the card and
I said in the Blade that every
friend of that ruined man, who
had voted against Prohibition last
August was responsible for the
ruin of our friend. I gave no
names, but this indignant card
comes from one of the Christian
friends of this unhappy man.
Only one day since a man met
me on the streets of Lexington.
I did not know him, but he told
me his name.
He said to me that a few days
before that he had had a very hot
conversation with some gentle
men about me, in which he was
defending me. He gave the
names of the gentlemen with
whom he had been talking, and I
knew them to be influential
church men, and Democrats.
My friend said to me, "I read
every word in the Blade, except
the advertisements, and then send
it to my son and tell him to read
it the same way.
Those men said to me 'How
can you defend Charley Moore
when vou take your three drinks
of whisky every day?' "
I told them that was true, but
that I was for you because you are
right, and I an going to vots with
Iu looking over the
letters in which I find
If all of these things were told
in a novel or upon the stage, they
would not sound natural, would
No, that thing about men being
brought to their senses and voting
against the whisky traffic after
the "chickens have come home to
roost," and misery has beeu
brought into our own families,
am sorry to say, does not work
like you suppose it would. It
does not make them penitent
Like Ephraim they are "joined to
their idols." and they seem to
show that" misery loves com
ny." and because whisky has
lasted their eons, they will still
vote for it. in the hope that it
may blast my son and the good
sons ot other men so that others
may not crow over them.
I know what I am saying when
I say that there are in Kentucky
hundreds of men who punctiliously
observe the outward forms of
Christianity who -would chuckle
to themselves with diabolical joy,
if they would only hear that one
of my sous had fallen a victim to
You read in the Blade where a
good man spoke of me as "casting
out the whisky devil."
He spoke more wisely perhaps
than he knew.
Kentucky is to-day full of men
who call themselves Christians.
who are just as truly "possessed
of devils," as was the man ot the
Gaderenes spoken of in the New
That Gadarene was simply
what we call "crazy," at this dav.
These Christian people who are
voting witb tbe Democrats and
the Republicans and therefore
voting for liquor, are simply
crazy on the liquor question, and
like all other crazy people they
think any man who opposes them
is crasy. If the minds of the peo
ple of Kentucky were as
thoroughly unbalanced on a few
other things as they are upon the
liquor question, our state would
be incapable of self government,
and we would lapse into anarchy,
if somebody else did not take care
The people are literally "pos
sessed of the devil'' just as they
were in New Testament times.
This liquor infamy has come on us
so by degrees from age to age that
the people are incapable of rea
soning about the enormity of it.
They are, on that subject
Bust as - tru4y ---monomamacaJ
as many patien's in tbe Lu
natic Asylum at Lexington.
In Georgetown where 1 am
writing there was lately pointed
out to me an elegant residence
that was said to have been built
by a man who made the money to
build it and another fine house, in
the last ten years, by selling
whisky at five ceuts a drink.
Ihe Christian people here think
that is all right, but it some Chi
namen were to come here to open
an opium den. these Christians
would think the opium den ab
surd. Opium is a harmless drug
compared with whisky, but there
are whisky dens anywhere in the
town, and walking the streets are
men in poverty the results ot
whisky who were elegant young
f gentlemen of the prominent fann
ies when I was a boy.
luese Christian people see it,
but they still have the saloons,
and are raising up another genera
tion of tbe same kind.
This phenomenon can only be
accounted for on tbe hypothesis
that the people are "possessed of
a devil, and are incapable of ex
ercising ordinary good judgment.
"Bam. Bomanl8ni and Re
Poor Bro. Burchard is dead
his statement that
Democracy is the party of "Rum,
llomanism and Rebellion' is still
alive and kicking.
The two most competent and
exemplary men in office in Lex
ington are J. 15. bimrall and
James Headley; the first, an Al
derman and the latter the Clerk
of the Circuit Court. They are
both Presbyterians and Christian
gentlmen, and both ex-Confederate
Bimrall is a son of a Presby
terian minister deceased, who was
an excellent man, and is a nephew
of John C. Breckinridge.
He is perhaps the most intelli
gent defender of Democratic poli
tics in Lexington. He is a drug
gist and is in succestul busiuess.
He wanted to be mayor ot Lex
ington. Hull Davidson, a saloon
proprietor, snowed him under so
deep that a St. Bernard dog could
not dig him out.
Mr. Headley, like bimrall, is a
model man, or as near so as any
man can be who is not a Prohibi
tionist. He has discharged the
duties of bis office for years with
absolute satisfaction. Now an
Irish Catholic, James Rogers,
wants the office, and the indica
tions are that Mr. Headley will
bavs to atp dowa and out.
As at evidence that I am' the
personal friend of Mr. Rogers, I
offer the fact that in Dog Fennel
product where I vote, the first
vote on the poll books, at the
election at which Mr. Rogers was
elected, is my vote for him, for
sheriff; fhere being no Prohibition
I voted for him because I be
lieved him a nice man, and would
make' a-good sheriff because he
had long and comoetentlv dis
charged the duty of deputy sheriff.
1 stnlthink him a nice and com
petent man, and he and bis father
in-law are both patrons of my pa
I have said before, and now re
peat it that Presbytenanism is the
worst religion in the world and
Catholicism next; so that I can
htve no religious prejudice in fa
vor of Mr. Headley and against
I hope Rogers will beat Head-
ley as bad as Davidson beat Sim-
I waat the people of Lexington
to see that a Protestant has no
political rights that a Catholic is
bound to respect
Simrsll is mv personal friend.
and has been from boyhood, and
have patronized him exclusively
in his business for vears.
I am glad that Davidson beat
him, because I want him and
others to see that a man who does
not keep a saloon has no political
rights in Lexington that a saloon
keeper is bonnd to respect.
.Next to having a true blue Pro
hibitionist, the best .thing for
Prohibition is to fill all of the of
fices chock full of saloon-keepers
The better class of Democrats
will get their eyes open after a
while similia similibu eurantur,
means the hair of the dog is good
for the bite.
It's good medicine. A Pres
byterian hates a Catholic worse
than he does the devil, but the
Presbyterians will grin and bear
it, like that Spartan boy that had
the cooh under his jacket But
it does my very soul good clear
down iij my boots to know how,
away diwn in their hearts, these
rians will squirm under this
Am IlOiols) Han la a Little
MUjM, In his Judgment of
Jacksonville. Ills., Oct 27, '91.
My Dear Sir My reader has
read to me your "Rational View"
of Christianity; in the main I
think justly snowing up the ir
rational discordances ot tbe Pope s
Bible, and church word ot tbe
fourth century, which never bad
anything to do witb our pro
claimed Christ word ot the first
century, certainly it never had any
sort ot authority or approval from
Christ himself, or from any real
Christ word now extant in the
I have recently dictated a little
book ou these points to my writer,
now just through the press, a copy
ot which I will request my pub
lishers to mail to you.
1 approve of all attempts to clean
up and clear up the real orig
inal Christ word, and your book
helps on the needed expurgation.
1 well knew and listened to your
grandfather, that grand old man
Father Stone, and to Alexander
Campbell when he was here.
Ihey both did a grand work in
separating the church creed from
the Pope's Bible of the fourth cen
tury; but they made no attempt to
separate the real Christ words
from the immense pile or deluge
of church words, with which they
were, in that century, totally
overwhelmed. I could not there
fore unite with them though I ad
mired them. They did uot go far
enough. They left all the dirt and
rubbish in the parlor, only some
what piled up in heaps.
But your method seems to me
to throw dirt, rubbish, furniture,
goods and all out of the window.
I have adopted the other course
of saving the goods and letting
the dirt and rubbish go; though
confess its pile is vast and huge
the accumulation of all the apos
Can we not unite in saving
enough to base our own free states,
schools and institutions upon; es
pecially as they were, I believe,
born wholly out of them, and can
not long exist in any other possi
Please inform me how this
J. B. Turner.
I appreciate the compliment
implied in the fact that one so ev
idently intelligent on the subject
under discussion should have
taken pains to read my book so
critically and inform me of his im
pressions of it in so kind a manner,
tbough he does not wholly agree
But I have not as yet seen cause
to reconsider any of the positions
ot the "Kational View. Where
I touch upon questions regardi ng
the origin of the universe aud the
evolution of man; of the existence
t . W7t . 4"a M . S
oi a great xirst i;ause, anu oi trie
immortality of the soul and ques
tions germain thereto, all of
which are necessarily and essen
tially merely speculative, I have
only given what were my best
impressions at the time of writing
and that are such to this time. All
such conjectural views must be
subject" to continual emendation
as new light is gained. But in
those instances where 1 claim to
speak dogmatically concerning
what is commonly known as the
"internal evidences" of the script
ures I am satisfied that my posi
tions are irrefutable.
The argument against "plenary"
inspiration which is the only
theory of inspiration worthy of
consideration which is based
upon discrepancies and the quota
tions from the Old Testament
which are applied as prophecies in
the New Testament, is scarcely
less defensible than a proposition
I know that much of what I
have said in my book sounds rabid
and ultra, as things sound in my
japer. l his is not a style adopted
'or the mere purpose of shocking
the prejudices ot others. It is
thus not merely because "brevity
is the soul of wit," but is done to
economise the time of my readers
and the expense of publication.
In nearly all the current writers
on these subjects it sounds to me
as if they believe more than they
deem it prudent to say.
Ihe practice of expediency I
have never regarded as a very
high virtue. I believe that un
biased intelligence that reads my
book to-day will feel that I am
right but I do not believe that it
will often wry so.
1 believe however that my views
are strictly rational and that they
will be commonly received in the
years after I am dead.
Watekjr geta la Ma week
pear Je Malaailaa.
Joe Mulhattan, the great Ken
tucky cave liar, has come to grief,
as the following special from
Pittsburg will show: "Jos. Mul
hattan, well-known throughout
the couutry as 'Orange Blosaoui,'
the writer of some of the most
startling and marvelously untrue
stories ever published by the news,
papers, was arrested here to-day,
charged with stealing money from
Patrick O'Toole, a room-mate.
O'Toole alleges that he met Mul
hattan in a saloon last night, and
having missed his train accepted
an invitation to share Mulhattan's
room for the night. When he
arcse this morning Mulhattan was
missing and so was his money,
lie reported the matter to the au
thorities and the accused was ar
rested this afternoon. lie denied
taking the money, but the amount
said to have been taken was found
in his possession. lie was locked
up for a hearing to-morrow.
That is a touching story to any
man who ever knew Jo Mulhat
tan. You never saw a nicer little
gentleman than be seemed to be; ;
was the pink of perfection in his;
dress and manners, as gentle as a
good woman, and a man that
ever body felt like being a friend
lie was a drummer for a hard
ware house in Louisville. He
had a fancy for writing stories tor
newspapers the joke of which was
to have them as unreasonable as.
them and still have them be
lieved. One of his best ones was an ac
couut of monkeys haviug been
trained to break hemp in Clark
couuty, in this state. He gave a
touching account of the inhuman j
manner in which the monkeys
were treated by the farmers.
Of course people here knew
that monkeys could not break
hemp, but the account elicited a
little from a lady member of a
Humanitarian Society in london.
Jo's name got to be a proverb
as that of a liar, but. it was not
understood at all to apply
to his veracity. He was a
friend to newspaper men, and
liked to be about newspaper of
fices, and I have seen him go oft
to saloons with them when I
thought his only purpose was to
be a good friend to them so they
would give him pufta" that
would help him and his business
Not a great while ago whisky
put him in a lunatic asylum. Now
he is in jail.
That's the way whisky is doing
all the time, but everybody ex
cept a few Prohibition cranks say !
it's all right. j
Oar high qualities and low pricea
have won, and we are far in the
lead on Underwear and Hosiery.
Just What You Want:
In wool, merino and cotton Underwear tor Gent.
In wool, merino aad cotton Underwear for Ladies.
In wool, merino and cotton Underwear for Children.
In fast black Hosier for Ladies, Gents and Children.
In Union Suits and Jersey-ribbed Underwear fbrLadiea.
In Cloaks and Jackets for Misses and Ladies,
In fancy Dry Goods of Every Description.
TAYLOR & HAWKINS
No. 7 West Main Street Lexington, Ky.
No. 7 W.
THOMPSON & BOYD
FINE SADDLES & HARNESS.
RACE AND TROTTING EQUIPMENTS A SPECIALTY.
NO 53 EAST MAIN STREET
THE LOUISVILLE TIRES, 1 CE3TS FEB WEES.
Will be delivered at your residence every day for 20c per week
or 25c. per week for Daily and Sunday. Give your order to
ISO EAST Kin STREET.
WHoIesale ani Belafl Mer ii an liiii of
FURNITURE, CLOCKS, PICTURES, CARPETS ETC
Goods Sold on Weekly or Hontnly Payments
51E. Main St., Lexington, Ey.
Kaufman. Straus & Co.,
U'EAST aUI J5STREET.
New goods are now arriving daily. Laces and embroideries are
crowding our shelves from the narrowest to the widest and richest
patterns. We show them in all sorts of materials. A treat tor the
ladies and a wholesome surprise to those who get our prices on them.
No lady in Lexington, anticipating to make tip Spring Underwear,
Children's or Misses' Dresses of White Goods, can afford to miss ex
amining our stock of these goods.
Early Sprlag WaeJea Dresa Xatei irj.
Novelty Suitings, the rarest and oddest ot patterns, new entirely
aud pleasing to the eye; prices below actual anticipation, ranging from
50c to $1 per yard. A new line of spring shades of Henriettas just
opened, new colors, no change in price in spite of the additional duty
Just received and put in stock a quantity of fine Zephyr Ging
hams, all new patterns and coloring, modest pin stripes ana checks,
Scotch plaids and neat stripes. They are quoted at 30c; we have
marked them at 20c per yard A full line of dress Ginghams ia
new designs, estimated to be worth 15c; our price is 10c.
LADIES' HIS1U VSDERWEAR SPECIAL SALE.
Forty dozen Children's Muslin Drawers, six button holes, patent
facing, at 10c a pair; worth 20c.
Ladies' Mother Uother Hubbard Gown; good muslin, well trimmed
at 55c; they are worth 83c.
Lakies' Muslin Drawera, "Fruit of the Loom" Cotton, deep hem
and tucks above, 22c; worth 40c.
Ladies' walking skirts, deep Cambric ruffle, at 49c; worth 7oc.
New Spaing Hosiery for Ladies and Gents. We were fortunate ia
securing many cases ot Ladies' Cotton, Lisle and Silk Hose, ia both
black and fancy, prior to tbe going into effect ot the administrative
bill, and our prices thereon will show how these early purchases bene
fit our customers.
Ladies' regular made fast black Hose, regular price now 35c; we
still have them marked 25c.
Ladies' black and colored Lisle Hose, worth 60c; We still offer
them at 40c.
Ladies' fancy striped Cotton Hose, boot patterns, costing you now
40c; still marked at 25c.
Colgate Turkish Bath Soap, a full dosen lor 50c; 4711 Glycerine
different sorts at 42c per box; Espey's Cream, genuine article, 20c;
Vasaline, in bottles at lOcmmonia, for household purposes; only 10c
per quart bottle.
THE DAILY COURIER JOEL