Newspaper Page Text
PABI8. : . : KENTUCKY
OLD FARMER GRUDGE.
Old.f armer Grudge was determined-to-trudge
In the same old way that his father w.ent;
w To toil andfto slave, to pinch and to save,
'T? Nor spend on pleasure a single cent.
His tools wqre few, and so rusty, too,
For want of the neerul drop of oil,
That creaky and slow they were forced to bo,
I And added much to his daily toil.
His crops were scant, for he would not plant
Enough to cover his jiarrjow -field;
But grumbled and growled, and always
At harvest over the meagre yield.
And from paltry store on the threshing floor,
From gaping mow, and neglected bin,
Would voices cry as he passed them by;
"You can't take outwhatyou don't put in!"
Old farmer Grudge was a doleful drudge,
And in his dwelling and on his land
'Twas plain to be ,seen he was shrewd and
And managed all with a miserly hand.
There was little wood, there was little food,
un, Dare, indeed, was the
But he took no heed of another's need
So he was warmed and well-fed himself.
The wife, it was true, would skimp and screw,
Piece and patch, and some way plan,
As a woman will with amazing skill,
"Who is tied for life to a stingy man.
But, oh, how she sighed for the things denied
The books and comforts, and larger life,
Of which she dreamed, and ior which she
t When consenting to be Farmer Grudge's
But Farmer Grudge not an inch would budge
From the path his penurious father trod;
But though very rich, would work in a ditch
AJ1 day, and at dusk in a corner nod.
And his girls and boys, bereft of the joys
That others had, wers disposed to roam,
And to spend, profuse, nor put to use
The lessons they had been taught at home.
When Ellen, his pride, and his youngest, died,
Old Farmer Grudge was so much depressed,
Twas really believed that the old man grieved,
And thus his fatherly love confessed.
But as over the dead he shook his head,
Economy still was in his thought,
For he said, -with a groan and a mournful
"Now all that good larnin' is gone for
Death took his wife she was weary of life,
Starved to death in a cruel way,
For never a word of love she heard
To sweeten her crust from day to day.
From his home one morn the farmer was
And though little to comfort another he
His neighbors more kind were not inclined
To grudge him the space required for a
Josephine Pollard, in N. T. Ledger.
HAZIKG FBESHMAN SOLBERG.
Solberg was effeminate in appearance
and not more than five feet four inches
in height, with slight form and a pale
face. Notwithstanding this, he acquired
and retained, all through his Fres'hman
year, the reputation of being the most
expert boxer, and withal the "heaviest"
man in a melee, that ever entered our
This disproportionate reputation was
gained by a single act, or adventure,
but the facts in the case were not known
until Solberg was in his senior year. He
then gave the true version of the story
at one of our class dinners. At commencement,
the class historian incorporated
a humorous account of it in the
class annals, which was read, to tne
f great amusement of the audience.
Up to that time there had been a good
deal of "hazing" at P . The first
week after our class entered, Solberg
was marked as a "victim" by the Sophomores
of the class above us. For though
so small and so slight of build, he had.
already committed the indiscretion of
appearing on the campus with a cane in
his hand. It" was whispered, too, that
he had a tall hat" in. his room, which
he designed to wear on Sundays.
Canes and "stove-pipe hats" were
then the undisputed prerogatives of the
Sophomores. They allowed no freshman
to sport these supposed emblems
of manly dignity, and various were the
penalties which they inflicted on the
"Freshies" who ventured to make a display
of them. There was the '
treatment," which consisted in
introducing the nozzle of a hose, connected
with the pump, down the back of
the Freshman neck, or up a leg of his
pantaloons, and then vigorously using
the pump handle for two or three
There was the "plain duck," which
was the simple inversion of a water-bucket
two or three perhaps from
the second or third-story window upon
the head of the unsuspecting Freshman
who was walking below.
There was also the "midnight vigil,"
for the keeping of which the newly-arrived
undergraduate was first seized
in his bed, blindfolded, and then "lost"
by devious windings through a neighboring
grove, to be subsequently bound to
a tree and left to confer with the owls
during the remainder of the night.
Somewhat similar to this last method
of ill-treatment was the "gathered-to--7
his-fathers" method, which consisted in
taking out the bewildered victim of
Sophomoric displeasure, at dead of
night, to a remote old grave-yard, where
he was stretched, on his back upon one
of the sarcophagus-shaped tombs, and
then bound fast to the memorial slab
which served a a lid to the stone chest.
He was left to "count the stars" and
commune with silent nature for the rest
. of the night, or until his cries or struggles
brought relief from some chance
Then, too, there was the "barber's
frolic," during which the devoted
Freshman's head was either wholly or
These are but a few of the ways of
"hazing" then in vogue, but they will
serve to convey some idea of the dangers
which beset a lower classman who fell
into disfavor with the Sophomores, or
who showed any symptoms whatever of
"putting on style," or asserting his personal
4 By the second week of the term, Sol-
Dergnad been twice "ducked" while
going to or returning from recitations.
His room, too, had been forcibly entered,
and the reported tall hat roughly
8eaChfd fOr. Ollr WUrw nlnrcnfa hnA
If however, taken the precaution to con
ceal the hat m the room of a friend.
The following morning he found the
pysterious notice posted on his door,
hinting darkly that if a certain Freshman
was agafa seen importing his tottering
steps with a cane, "Cain" would
be raised in his behalf on short notice.
Hot with inward rage, Solberg
brooded ovar these insults, and vainly
;Jged for the strength of Achilles to
se$ m tormentors at defiance. He
regarded it as brutal tyranny, a mean
triumph of the strong over the week;
and out of the simmering of his wrath
he conceived a method of retaliation
that was at once striking and effective.
There was then living in the outskirts
of the town a man who had achieved a
wide notoriety, in a profession which
the good sense of the country has since
seen fit to restrict by stringent legal
"Old Breeze Fogerty," as he was
called, had been a professional pugilist
and prize-fighter. For some years he
had held the heavy-weight championship
in a certaiu great city, whose
pugilistic celebrities often obtain far
larger and more frequent mention, in
the public press, than the nature of
their craft, or the taste of the people at
large, seems to require.
In his retirement, this former prizefighter
was tending a "saloon" a business
often entered upon by decayed
gentry of. his stamp and by way of
keeping up his "manly practice," he
would occasionally 'punish some bullying
customer to the great admiration
of the crop of younger roughs who made
"j pxuue bueir nigntiy resort.
But this was not often, for the brawny,
ponderous old bruiser was a rather good-natured
animal at heart, and if he sometimes
struck hard, it was rather in the
cause of his "science" than out of
jlo tnis unsavory personage young
Solberg applied, calling on him not at
his saloon,, but at his hotel, on private
business. He had, I think, good reasons
for putting the Sophomores and
their coarse tyranny on a level with
roughs and prize-fighters and their
methods of self-assertion. One was well
matched against the other.
Salberg stated his case to tho ex-prizefighter
and unfolded a plan of operations.
As he was a young gentleman of
means, he had no difficulty in securing
the offices of the good-natured bully
all the more readily, perhaps, because
the old king of the ring may have been
sighing in spirit over the too peaceful
life into which public sentiment had
latterly forced him.
It was arranged that immediately
after dark that evening "Old Breeze"
should go quietly to Solberg's room at
the college, and place himself at this
young gentleman's disposal.
Meantime our threatened Freshman
went about the business of his studies
for the rest of the day, but during the
afternoon he took occasion to indulge in
a walk about the college campus, and
carried his cane as usual. The better to
show his contempt of the insulting
notice placed on his door, he twirled it
after the most foppish fashion of the
The Sophomores saw him and boiled
up with indignation. The Freshman
was defying them. "Word was rapidly
passed among the faithful, and a class-meeting
was called to take immediate
The charge was, that Freshman Solberg
had not only been out with a cane,
since he had been specially warned, but
had flourished it defiantly.
All the Sophs agreed that he must be
dealt with summarily; and the unanimous
vote was that he should suffer
"Thompsonian treatment" that very
night, and then be "gathered-to-his-fathers."
Solberg felt that the crisis was approaching.
At twilight he retired to
his room and locked the door. About
half an hour later his heart was gladdened
to hear three taps on the pannel.
The pugilist had not failed him.
A whispered consultation was held,
the preliminaries were arranged, and
the man of the ring was hidden away
under the bed, upon a blanket and
Solberg then trimmed his lamp, and
fell to work upon his next morning's
Odyssey lesson. Old Breeze snored.
Ten o'clock struck, and still no movement
on the part of the Sophomores;
but not very long after, Solberg heard
muffled footfalls outside his door, and
low voices in the hall.
He blew out his lamp and hastened to
shake the slumbering Ajax under the
bed. "The Philistines are upon us,
"Ay, sor, and it's fun we'll have
thin!" was the hoarse whisper from beneath.
A few minutes later they heard a loud
and peremptory knock. Solberg threw
himself upon the bed, but after a decent
pause called out:
"The Vigilance Committee," was the
stern response. "Open!"
"I know no Vigilance Committee."
replied Solberg. I decline to open my
door at this unseasonable hour."
"Open your door within one minute,
or we will burst it!" was the next summons.
"Burst my door at your peril, gentlemen!"
cried Solberg, "I warn you."
This defiance was soon followed by a
heavy blow as if from a log of wood
then another and another.
With the third blow the bolt was torn
from its socket, the door flew open, and
in rushed three Sophs to seize the rebellious
But at this juncture uprose old Breeze,
met them before they reached the middle
of the room in the conscious glory
of his old renown while Solberg, rolling
off on the back side of the bed, took his
place under it. The foremost Soph, as
he rushed forward, received a blow
which fairly threw him out into the hall.
A like infliction on the nose of the
second man landed him in a breathless
condition over the table into the glass
door of a book case; the third Soph was
struck by the open plam of the prizefighter
on the ear, followed by a sledge
blow in the ribs, by which he was
hurled in company with a chair and
two hassocks out beneath the staircase
in the hall, where he lay very quiet
for some time.
A shout rose from the invaders.
Within the room all was silent. It was
too dark for them to see what the force
was against them, but they rallied.
They were too plucky to give up, even,
if three of their men were disabled.
They had not given Solberg credit for
such pluck and muscle, but they would
not have the mortification of not taking
him from his room.
Eight or ten of them now made a desperate
rush together into the room, to
overpower him. Old Breeze allowed
several of them to come in, and then
He was just wajmjns up to .it; Bd
his big, hard fists made the round of
their heads "with astonishing rapidity.
Solberg lay under the bed and shook
with laughter, t being, amply, solaced for
the crashes among his .furniture by the
resounding thumps on the craniums of
Two of the invaders were hurried out
throught the mosquito nets and landed
on the ground beneath the windows:
the rest were knocked sprawling into
By way of finishing up the encounter,
the old brute pitched these last out into
the hall, as if they had been so many
sacks of bran, and shut' 'the door. He
then calmly sat down, on, the bed, while
Solberg came out from under it. They
remained silent, waiting further developments.
- But no further developments came.
The wounded were too numerous to
wake a rally acceptable on the part of
the Sophs. They had enough. Some
of them, indeed, had quite too much,
and required to be assisted to their
rooms. There were no further demonstrations
at Solberg's door, and after
waiting an hour or two, he dismissed his
rough assistant and sent him on his way
with a liberal fee.
Ten Sophomores were absent from
prayers and early recitation the next
morning. The excuses rendered by
them were various. It is said that their
recitation-room, for the ensuing week,
presented so diversified and obtrusive
an array of black eyes and bandaged
heads, that the matter became the subject
of a Faculty meeting.
Meantime, it was rumored throughout
the college that the new Freshman,
Solberg, was a trained pugilist a terrible
Solberg himself made no comment on
these stories. He flourished his cane,
and at proper intervats sported his tall
hat during the entire year; but for some
reason or other not one of the Sophs
seemed to see any presumption in his
conduct. H. A. Gordon, in Youth's
Puts and Calls.
"I believe you have gambled in Wall
street; Mr. Breezy," said Mrs. Breezy,
helping her lord and master to a cup of
"I have speculated a little in stocks,
dear, if that's what you mean," said Mr.
Breezy, unfolding his napkin.
"Same thing, said Mrs. Breezy;
"you can call it speculation; I know it's
gambling. How do they do it, anyway P
1 read about puts and calls and straddles,
and buy a three's, but I never can
make any head or trail out of it. 1 suppose
it's all some horrid slang you men
"Well, no, dear," said Mr. Breezy,
helping his better two-thirds to a chop,
"it isn t exactly slang. You see, for instance,
buy a hundred short "
"You do what?" cried Mrs. Breezy.
"I buy a hundred short," repeated
"Well, what in the name of common
sense do you mean by that?" asked Mrs.
Breezy. "Why don't you talk United
States I mean English? You buy a
hundred short, and what has short got
to do with it?"
"If you will give me time I will explain,
my dear," said Mr. Breezy. "You
see if a man is long on stock he is "
"Long on stock?" said Mrs. Breezy.
"Now, what are you getting to? First
vou are short and then you are long.
What does a man want to get on a stock
"My dear, if you will allow me. "
"To be sure. Go ahead. Tell me
something about Wall street, but don't
talk nonsense," said Mrs. Breezy.
"Well, my dear, we will suppose that
I have a put on Wabash, and "
"There you go again," said Mrs.
Breezv. "Will you or will you not talk
in a language I can understand? What
is Wabash, anyway? I suppose it is another
"No, that's a stock," said Mr. Breezy;
"you see, dear, if I have a call on Wabash
or Northwestern "
"If you call on the Northwest?" cried
Mrs. Breezy; are you really going mad,
Mr. Breezy? Well, I might expect as
much from the life you have led recently.
What with clubs and politics
you are going headlong to some terrible
"My dear, it will be impossible for
me to explain anything unless you will
give me five minutes to do it in said
Mr. Breezy, with unusual warmth.
"Now, at the beginning of this week
Omaha preferred started at 106J and
"Omaha preferred1." asked Mr.
Breezy. "What is preferred? Who
preferred it? What has Omaha got to
do with New York and Wall street anyway,
and what do you mean by 106?"
"I shall have to give it up," said Mr.
Breezy, in a despairing voice.
"No, Mr. Breezy, I have started out
to know something about Wall street,
and I won't allow you to get out of it in
that way," said Mr3, Breezy, setting
herself more firmly in her chair. "Now,
Mr. Breezy, you will please drop slang
and come to something I can understand.
For instance, what is a bull-bear?"
4 -Ha, ha, ha-oh!" laughed Mr.
"What do you mean "by laughing at
me, Mr. Breezy? I'm sure I "
"Ho, ho, ha-oh!" and Mr. Breezy
fairty doubled up with laughter. ,
"Mr. Breezy, you haven't the manners
of a savage," cried Mrs. Breezy,
pushing back her chair, "and I don't
believe you know any more about Wall
Street than a two weeks' old baby," and
Mrs. Breezy made haste to the kitchen
to take revenge upon tb!e cook. Brooklyn
A daring outrage was committed
in Calcutta not long ago by a
cook, who had been discharged
by his mistress. Determining upon revenge,
he entered the house of this lady
secretly, and deliberately went to work
to cut up all her dresses. Then he
stole into her bedroom, where she lay
asleep, and began cutting her hair.
Suddenly the lady awoke and started
up, almost running one of her eyes
against a point of the Mohammedan's
scissors. This ingenious miscreant has
been sent to prison, where he wil'. labor
at something more arduous thru hair-cutting
for a year.
A spread of canvas on a vessel U
for gajj or to refits jy. Y. News.
OF GENERAL INTEREST.
The fashion news from Paris is that
in some of the new evening toilets for
women the left shoulder is wholly
The Society of Friends has repealed
the prohibition of the marriage of first
cousins, which has been in force in that
body for nearly two hundred years.
The New York Times1 Saratoga
correspondent says the leading hotel
men are opposed to horse-racing at
Saratoga, declaring that it does them
more harm than good.
Rome, 6a., is howling over its new
directory, and the compiler of it Has fled
to the mountains. Prominent church
members and business men appear as
bar-keepers in the directory. Atlanta
The anti-toy-pistol law seems to
have been well enforced in Maine. Not.
an accident is attributed to the weaj on
in the State this year, as far as known
Last year six deaths were caused by it
John H. Starin the great steam&oat
man of New York, recently gave a iree
excursion to l.uuu policemen. They
left their clubs behind, but tookith
them their wives and 107 babies. Besides
the babies, there were two bands
to furnish music. N. Y. Herald.
The other day a tumor was removed
from the hand of a little boy residing in
Canandaigua. In this tumor was found
a piece of wooden toothpick, one and
one-half inches long. Neither parents
nor child had any knowledge as to how
or when it came there. Utica (N. Y.J
The wild Western cowboy may
suffer, forgive and forget, but there is
one thing he will not condone a horse-thief
and his works. An Indian horse-thief
was lassoed and dragged to death
at Lewiston, Idaho, by white cowboys
for attempting to sell them stolen
horses. Chicago Tribune.
A medical journal says that sneezing
can be stopped by plugging the
nostrils with cotton-batting. Is a man
expected to take a roll of cotton-batting
to church with him? m An easier way
than that is to press the finger upon the
upper lip. That will stop sneezing immediately.
Chicaqo Inter Ocean.
Stomachs as well as minds give way
because of the too intense commercial
life of the race. Dr. Mandsley attributes
the ills to hasty living, hurry and rush,
and declares- that it is wrong to chargt
a breaking stomach to the use of coffee,
and the sick can drink a certain amount
with benefit. Chicago Inter Ocean.
A nurse in an insane asylum says
"We outlive quickly all feat of our patients.
For we know by a peculiarity
in the eye of each one when a dangerous
outbreak is at hand; and finally we
reach so callous a stage that sane people
outside seem for the nonce lunatics,
while the maniacs seem sane." Chicago
There is no greater mistake in the
world, wrote Leigh Hunt, than th
looking upon every sort of nonsense a
want of sense. Tne difference betweer
nonsense not worth talking and non
sence worth it is simply this the for
mer is the result of a want of ideas, the
latter of a superabundance of them.
Thomas Burrage, believed to be th
oldest barber in the United States, har
been engaged in the business on Fairfa
street, Alexandria, Va., for
years, succeeding William Wood, whos
shop was established in 1762. Wooc'
was the successor of one Martini, whi
was the valet of General Braddock, ano
was left behind after the defeat of thr
Fort Duquesne expedition.
The presence of the hoodlum in
New York is explained by the fact that
there are from fifteen to twenty thousand
young boys there homeless and dependent
on themselves for a living,
which some of them get honesty. Si
Hartford, on the other hand, the
Courant says the rough, disorderly class
of boys fast drifting into crime are largely
recruited from respectable people.
Dr. Baker Edwards, the Government
Analyst, has analyzed the so-called
soda-water sold by many apothecaries
in Montreal, and reports that
nearly all of them contain traces of lead,
iron, or copper, and that one sample
was so largely impregnated with copper
and lead as to be a dangerous beverage.
He further says that none of the samples
contained soda, only aerated water.
The French are ready for any
enterprise, it matters not of what plausibility.
It is said of them that they have
subscribed $150,000 to pay the expenses
of an expedition to dredge the Red Sea
for impedimenta belonging to Pharaoh's
army. While they are at it, why not
scale down Ararat and uncover Noah's
ark? They might find some bread in
the locker, and if they did it would be a
deal easier masticated than is the ordinary
steel-plated French bread. Indianapolis
The monument to Dr. J. G. Holland,
in the Springfield Cemetery, has been
completed by placing in position the
fine bronze bas-relief of the journalist.
The monument itself is of a beautiful
blue stone of even grain, .dense texture,
and fine dove color or slate. It takes
inscription perfectly and reveals -every
line clearly. It is about six feet by
seven at the base, above which is a
plinth with tablets; above the plinth,
after two or three small steps, rises a
short rectangular shaft, with Ionic
pilasters upon its four corners, supporting
a scroll. The shaft bears upon its
face the relief, which is the striking
feature of the whole. This represents
Doctor Holland's face in profile, and is
an admirable likeness of him in a reflective
mood. Springfield (Mass.) Republican.
The eve of St. John tbe Baptists'
day in Rome, is observed by all classes.
Huge cloves of garlic are displayed on
sticks along the sidewalls, in houses,
churches, and booths, giving off a rank
and offensive odor. This is partially
overcome by the perfume from tba
carnations and branches of sweet lavender,
both of which are scattered
around profusely. The. gay crowd
stays up all night eating snails,
red wine, singing and love-making.
The streets are given up to the populace
entirely until three o'clock in tho.
moraine;, whea the, omnibusseA xesum
I operations. '
Beware f tj fruit Can
I ! IV
In almost every household canned
foods are used. In view of this fact it
ecomes of some interest to know that
it is not always safe to use the material
confined for any length of time in tin
cans for human food. Recent investi
gations carried on in . different cities of
the Union, and by different persons
trained to scientific research, tend to
show this much. ABaltimore man who
is thoroughly familiar with the processes
employed there in canning goods admits
that the flux for the solder which
is used in sealing the cans very often
gets inside the can while it is being
made ready for packing and the trade.
This flux & a muriate of ziney in other
words, a saturated solution of zinc and
muriatic acid, which is an active poison.
There is a law in Maryland forbidding
the use of this flux in canning goods,,
but it has been a dead letter for a
of years. The reason the big houses
all prefer this flux is that it makes a
neater job and is more convenient thax
A series of investigations carried on
by A. H. Chester, Professor of Chemistry
in Hamilton College, New York, showed
that not only is the meat packed away
m tin cans frequentlv of the poorest
quality and even unhealthy, but that the
flux which penetrated into the can
entered into a chemical combination
with the meat and formed a poisonous
scum on top, often hardly perceptible
to the naked eye. While this poisonous
meat will not show any injurious effects
in persons whose mode of life brings
about a great deal of exercise,
especially those living in the open air,
it will have a most disastrous effect
upon persons of sedentary habits or in
delicate health. Professor S. A
Lattimore, demonstrator of analytical
chemistry at the University
of Rochester, N. Y., tested a number of
cans containing tomatoes or fruit of "various
kinds. While he did not find any
traces of putrefaction, as the germs of
fermentation had been destroyed by the
heating, which form a part of the regular
process of packing, he did find evidences
of poisonous matter, the product of a
chemical action had by the acid in these
vegetables on the tin of the cans.
But the most damaging statements in
this connection are made by Professor
E. B. Stuart, Secretary of the Illinois
Microscopical Society. He states that
in one can which had contained Lima
beans the acid in this vegetable had
been powerful enough to dissolve the
tin plating of the can to that extent that
onty a few patches remained of the original
lining. The beans themselves hap!
absorbe'd this tin. Now, tin being an
irritant poison when introduced into the
human stomach, it will, when continuously
taken in small doses, as would be
the. case with canned goods, develop
symptoms of serious sickness and
the cause of which will often not
be apparent even to the practiced eye of
the physician. Prof. Stuart found a large
number of other cans, all coming from
one of the most responsible firms in Baltimore,
to have been similarly affected
by their contents, tomatoes, peaches and
oysters. He, therefore, called attention
to this hitherto little suspected source of
danger and at the same time suggested
the use of japanned iron or pure iron in
the place of tin for cans, and instead of
the solder he advises can wax, a hermetically
sealing cement and insoluble
Prof. H. B. Hill, of the Massachusetts
State Board of Health, fully corroborates
the results of Prof. Stuart's experiments.
He made numerous practical tests of the
action which fruit or vegetable acids,
such as malic acid, found in apples,
peaches and tomatoes, citric acid, found
in the lemon, oxalic acid, as found in
rhubarb and sorrel, tartaric acid, found
in the grape, or acetic acid, such as sugar
will produce, would have upon tin. In
every instance he found that after some
time the tin would be affected more or
less by these acids and that particles of
tin, lead and copper would be floating
in the vegetables confined in the cans.
Prof. Charles E. Monroe, of the
United States Naval Academy, obtained
similar results in a similar way,
only the degree of poisonous substance
taken up in this manner by vegetables
or fruit differing.
In all these cases where poisoning by
means of canned goods, of course only
in a slow and light degree, was proved,
the cans had been done up at least one
year, and some several years. It appears
that no disagreeable consequences
from partaking of canned goods as food
are at all likely to follow as long as these
latter were fresh or at least less than one
People who desire to exercise a reasonable
amount of prudence in the preservation
of their health would be wise
to act on this hint and purchase no
canned goods which are not vouched for
as strictly fresh. And canners, will do
well to put up their goods in a more
substantial manner. It frequently happens
that some one product, as, for instance,
green corn, is good one year
and exceedingly poor the next. If canners
used iron packages or japanned
cans, they might easily put up enough
during the good year to last for several
successive seasons, and if their goods
were properly put up and sealed in safe
packages the premium which they would
command in the market would more
than repay them for their extra labor
and precaution. Chicago Heralds
The bathing master at Newport
says that it is one thmg to be able tc
wade 'out until the water touehes the
chin, and then swim quietly back to the
beach with an occasional reassuring
touch of a foot to the friendly bottom.
It is quite another thing to make headway
against a breaking sea,, or to strike
out calmly for shore whenj a boat upsets,
or to keep a drowning person
afloat until help comes. No one who
hopes to make the accomplishment oi
service in the face of danger should be
content with mere surface swimming in
smooth water. The broking of a
ohance wave in the face may easily disconcert
one who is not used to it, and
she only way to he a confident swimmei
is to become indifferent to an occasional
Involuntary ducking. Provide&ce (R.
Mariano Largo, the oldest oftki
Carmel Indians, died at Monterey, CaL,
recently from the effects, of a drunkeu
debauoh. He was in the -neighborhood
of one hundred yearg, oid .
The great and important idea In inch;
diseases is to secure an eruption as-early
as possible, as extensive as possible,
to be kept out as long as possible.
When this is done, with proper care of"
the diet, with an abundance of air and
sunlight, the eyes covered with wet
cloths, in" cases of the measles, ndr with .
sufficient water to drink, in small quantities,
not too coid, there is o great
danger, save in exceptional cases. It
is enough to say that the child should he
kept as comfortable a? the circumstances
will permit, neither loo cold nor too-hot,
and, here I must protest against the-more-usual
custom, based on ignorance,
of keeping such too- warm as meana of'
I preventing the-recession of the-eruption,.
whicti may result as well irom too great
warmth, as from coldness;. Indeed,, the
usual custom; of securing too much heat
is attended by greater dangers than the-opposite,
since- the' heat is-so debilitating-
; as todiminish nature's recuperative pow
ers, though both extremes are
While all' ordinary drinking may
favor the appearance of the eruption, it
is probable that warm1 drinks are the-most
favorable, unless the cooliones are'
so slightly eool as- not to produce any
re-action thought if so cold as to-shock,
the stomach, they will retard the appearance,
or may cause it to disappear-
always a misfortune. But friction of
the-surface, or anv means of increasing-its
action, arcstill better; aiding nature
in, this important matter. Ini difficult
:cases.. it is judicious to wet cloths,.
' sprinkle on mustard or cayenne pepper,
applying tothe upper part of the chest,,
or any part where it is desirable
eruption. I know of no- means of
equal efficacy. If desirable to keep the-eruption
out, it is injudicious to disturb'
the digestive organs to any extent,,
either by rich and indigestible food or
by physic-.. Indeed, I am unable to see-any
good reason for srivins: physic off
any kind,ornecessity,in any eruptive dis
ease, simply because-in is such a disease-There-are-other
and! better means for
purifying the blood, as the use of the-purest
and plainest food, with an abundance
of air and sunlight,, general cleanliness
included. The matter- is of so-much
importance-, and the popular ideas-
are- so crude, that I repeat the advice
not to keep the patient too warm. Such
diseases are- usually attended' by considerable-
feverishness,. with sufficient heat.
Such usually suffer enough from the
disease, without being tortured simply
because they are- sick! They do not
eed an excess of clothing, nor to be
kept in hot rooms,, breathing only hot
air, that of a putrid character, the room
being scrupulously closed, robbed of its
vitalizing-elements,, loaded, asitis, with
the foul emanations from the body.
These diseases are- intended to throw off
an unusual amount of matters, accumulated
in childhood, which fact indicates
a large emanation from- the surface,
contaminating th& air: The fact is
sufficient to warrant an amount of air-entirely
unusual in this class of diseases.
Dr. Hannaford, in Golden Rule.
Notwithstanding all the atttention
that is paid to the subject of health, all
the books and articles that are written
upon it, all the people- who make it
their business to understand it, all the-discoveries
that are- constantly being
made in regard to ithowfew people are
thoroughly well, or how few, who are,
take the pains to remain so! The
healthy person often seems to regard illness
as something quite foreign to himself,
which heis in no more danger of
falling heir to than he- is of having th&i
almond eyes and queues of the Chinese,
the color of the Maylay, or the habits of
the Hottentot; and he is always very
ready to give everybody the recipe for-being
as healthy as he is. One will say
that health consists in eating Grahami
bread; another, that it is sleeping in ai
cold room, with the -windows ajar all',
the year round; with another it is the-cold
or hot bath; this one assures us that;
it is friction, that one that it is exercise,,
while a third believes it is thinking;
nothing at all about it; some rise to say
that it is using tobacco, avoiding coffee-and
tea; that it is a vegetable diet, a
good temper, easy circumstances, spring-water,
occupations, or happiness. All off
these methods for procuring health
have their disciples, and yet we all!
know individuals who pursue themi
without attaining the coveted condition,
who deny themselves of all the luxuries,
of the table, and are no better for it;;
but the heroic treatment will not
for everybody. There are people-who
catch cold if their
window is left open in the winter, and!
there are prophets who tell us it is
to sleep in a room with a
below fifty. We are inclined!
to believe in the regimen of happiness.
for although all the happy people are
not well, it fe a great preventive and
restorative, addedto easy circumstances
scientists having lately ascertained
that nothing is more baleful than worry.
It is a fact, we think, that the-ill-tempered
are always out of health,, always
complaining of their liver or digestion;
in truth, we suspect that alj
sickness arises from indigestion. in th
beginnings, that is, from
owing to which the system-is imperfectly
nourished. There may have
been a time when ill health was the
fashion,, was thought to be poetical, an
indicatfon oi refinement and aristocracy,
but we know better to-day, having
found that vigor is the passport to success.
They Don't Speak Uow.
About two weeks ago two. women met
in a Woodward avenue street car, and
when one complained that she was again
without a cook the other replied:
"Ah! I have a jewel of a girl! She's
neat, prompt, respectful, and I only
pay her twelve shilliogs a weok."
"Is it possible!"
"Yes; she's fresh from the countrj
and doesn't know that she can get mo're
The same two women met in the
same car again yesterday, but alas! how
changed the situation! They stared
frioidly at each other without even a
noci, and they would not sit on the
same side o the car. The twelve-shilling
jewel of a girl is now receiving tWa
dollars per week in the kitchen of the
woman who was without a cook. Hence
the ruction, which will descend to th$
third generation, Detroit FrtPr$a