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THE BOURBON NEWS, PARIS, EN1UCKY, AUGUST 25, 1911,
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THE TALE GF A PIS
Case as a Lawyer.
HE OUTWITTED A DEADBEAT.
When Marshall Sued
Smiled, When the Case
Payment Claimed He
Was Won and
When the Climax Came He Wilted.
Chief Justice John Marshall's first
case as a lawyer was tried in Fau
quier county, Va. It was the suit of
Cohn versus Haskin, and the descend
ants of the1 great interpreter of the
constitution delight to this day to tell
of the subtle strategy whereby the
budding jurist achieved victory over
that case hardened deadbeat of a Has
This same Elaskin, it appears, was a
man possessed of property. But he
was also possessed of a shrewd knowl
edge of the law. He kept all he had
in his wife's name, excepting what the
statute exempted from seizure for
In an evil and absentminded' mo
ment Cohn, who ran a general store
in Haskin's neighborhood, trusted him
for sugar and coffee to the amount of
$11. This was years before the erup- I
tion of young Marshall into the law,
and in the interim Cohn had given the
claim for collection to every young
lawyer in the county to cut his teeth
on. Swiftly following Marshall's un
furling of his shingle to the Fauquier
winds came Cohn with his claim.
Even the callow attorney recognized
it as a veteran among claims. How
ever, having nothing else to while
away the time, he took the case, Cohn
promising him all he could get out of
it, which showed Cohn'a valuation of
it as an asset.
Young Marshall promptly brought
suit at which Haskin smiled. When
judgment was obtained, Marshall rode
out in person to Haskin's place and
demanded payment, at which Haskin
And while Haskin chuckled the keen
eye of the young lawyer wandered
about the farmyard. He saw one plow,
which was exempt under the law; also i
one harrow, also exempt; also a huge
leviathan of a pig drowsing lazily in a
pen a very Gargantua of a pig.
"That's the only pig I got," volun
teered Haskin, reading the lawyer's
thought, for Haskin, also law wise,
knew that under the statute he was
entitled to one pig exempt from seiz
ure for debt.
The future chief justice rode home
pondering deeply. Next day he was
seen strolling around the outskirts of
the town looking Into casual pigsties
and keeping his thoughts to himself.
One noon shortly after a youth,
trudging along the big road in front of
Haskin's house, stopped to ask for a
bite to eat Over his shoulder he car
ried a gunny sack. Haskin handed
him out a pone of bread and a chunk
of meat and then demanded a quarter
for the repast "I haven't got a quar
ter," replied the youth; "thought you
would give a feller a little snack like
"Not much," growled Haskin. "What
you got in that bag?"
"Nuthin' but a month old pig," an
swered the youth. "Say, if you gimme
a quarter in money I'll give you the
pig and we'll call it square."
"I reckon you stole that pig," com
mented Haskin, "else you wouldn't sell
it so cheap. Here's your quarter;
gimme the pig."
The youth disappeared with the quar
ter, and Haskin, with the content of
one who has driven a hard bargain,
carried the shote over to the barnyard
and spilled it into the pen where lay
the porcine Gargantua. Coincidental-
ly there rose out of the alder bushes
adjacent the forms of young Marshall
and another man the other man was
the constable. In his hand he held a
writ of execution. He climbed solemn
ly over into the pigsty and, pointing
to the fat porker, said:
"I levy on that pig -in the suit of
Cohn versus Haskin," and he waved
his hand to a man who was waiting
with an empty wagon down the road.
"But that pig is exempt," exclaimed
the irate Haskin. "The law allows me
"You've got him there," answered
the constable, pointing to the shote as
he trussed up the big fellow and call
ed to the man in the wagon to lend a
hand. "You can't make your selec
tion for exemption after the levy's
"But the fellow that sold me that
shote stole him," urged Haskin, grow
ing desperate. "I can't own a stolen
"All right," put in young Marshall,
wholly unperturbed. "Mr. Constable,
just arrest him for receiving stolen
But Haskin had fled to the safety of
his back porch, seeing which the con
stable, Marshall and the man in the
wagon hustled the complaining porker
aboard and drove away," leaving the
bewildered Haskin to ruminate at lei
sure over the Intricacies of the law
which permits a man to keep even his
religion in his wife's name, but rav
ishes away his choicest pig from un
der his very nose.
And, concluding, the multiple de
scendants of the great John also de
light to tell how that pig sold for $19.85
enough not only to pay the ancient
claim, but to satisfy exactly the de
mands of court and constable for costs,
leaving not a penny over for the grief
stricken and wicked Haskin.
To which me reader may adfi. ''And'
they all lived happily forever after"
except Haskin. New York Times.
."Fireworks" That Serve as Train
CODE OF TORPEDO AND FUSEE
Messages These Audible and Visible
Danger Signs Convey to the Engi
neer Tho Use of Pyrotechnics as
Signals In the Naval Service.
"Pop, pop," or perhaps a single ' into the hammock,
"pop," sharp and distinct like that of j "Yu are perfectly maddening!"
a giant firecracker heard not only on ' went on his wife when she had wit
the Fourth of July, but on every day ! nessed his deed. "How can you"
in the year, Sundays included. What Thud! Thud! Prill's shoes hit the
did it mean? And on almost any porch floor as he kicked them off.
night as I look out of my window 1
see the edge of the wood or the fields
lighted up by red or yellow fireworks.
Why this strange illumination?
As 111 these queer happenings took-
place on the railroad a few rods from
my house I made inquiries of the rail
way officials, and here are some inter
esting facts about the use of these
The general superintendent of the
New York. New Haven and Hartford
railroad explained as follows:
"Our rules provide for the use of de
tonators, commonly known as torpe-
does, as audible signals and of 'fusees'
as visible signals.
"These torpedoes are attached to
the top of the rail on the engineer's
side of the track by two small flex
ible metal straps, which are easily
bent around, the ball of the rail, as
shown in the picture, and hold the
torpedoes securely in place until ex
ploded by the first train passing over
"The explosion of one torpedo is a
signal to stop; the explosion of two,
not more than 200 feet apart is a sig
nal to reduce speed and look out for
a stop signal.
"The fusees are of similar construc
tion to the well known Roman candle
used for fireworks celebrations, ex
cept that they burn a steady flame
without explosions. A sharp iron spike
at the bottom end will usually stick
in the ground or in the cross tie when
thrown from the rear of a train and
holds the fusee in an upright position.
where it is more plainly visible
"A fusee must be lighted and left
by tho flagman whenever a train Is?
running on the "time" of another train
or behind its own time and under
circumstances .which call for such pro
tection. "A fusee on or near the track, burn
ing red. must not be passed. When
burning yellow the train may proceed
with caution when the way is seen and
known to be clear. Standard fusees
burn red for three minutes and yel
low for seven minutes and can be seen
for quite a distance.
"You will gather from the above
explanations that the red glare of a
flaming fusee on or near the track
warns the approaching engineer that
a preceding train has passed over his
track less than three minutes ahead
of him, and under no circumstances
must he pass this signal while burning
red. When the flame turns to yellow
he may proceed with caution, only as
the way is seen and known to be
clear, keeping in mind that when the
fusee changed from red to yellow he
was exactly three minutes behind a
preceding train, which may have stop
ped within a short distance or may
be proceeding at an unusually slow
rate of speed."
The superintendent of the Shore line
division, another branch of the same
railroad, gives this additional detail re
"When a train stops upon the main
line and requires protection against
a following train the flagman goes back
a specified distance and places one tor
pedo. He then continues a farther
distance back, placing two torpedoes.
As soon as the train he is protecting is
ready to start the engineer blows a
specified whistle signal, which is a
notice to the flagman to return to his
train. On the way back he picks up
tho one torpedo, leaving two ou the
rail to warn the engineer of an ap
proaching train that another train is a
short distance ahead and to give the
flagman time to run back and get
aboard of his own train."
Of the- use of fireworks as signals in
the navy the chief of the bureau of
construction and repair of the navy de-
partment, Washington, makes the fol
"All modern ships are fitted with
electric signals, and the use" of such
signals is general in the naval service.
In the case of small vessels having no
electric installation and also for use in
case of the failure of the electric sig
nals the navy has a system of colored
stars in connection with rockets for
the purpose of signaling.
"These are in no sense the ordinary
commercial fireworks, but are manu
factured by the service for naval use
"There are no photographs of this
system of signals for distribution. The
apparatus consists of a specially de
signed pistol from which are fired car
tridges containing the colored stars
that-are used in the service code."
New York Mall.
A returns Is one of the most brilliant
stars that we can see in the heavens.
Its diameter is 62,000,000 miles. The
light that comes to us from it is over
200 years old when it enters our eyes.
The sun is distant 93.000,000 miles.
Then compare eleven minutes with
Truth is as Impossible to be soiled
" i!iiy outward touch as the. ?nnbeaia
-Wilton. "" '
ww r f . r
lie Ulan I KCLr&
"Now, John!" criad Mrs. Priil In
tones of exasperation.
Prill continued removing his coat.
Then he tossed it through the open
window from the screened perch into
the living room. Next he determined
ly shed his vest, his collar and his tie,
i and with a relieved "Whew!" sank
ext he sighed with content.
"If the McSloys should come now "
tearfully began his wife.
Prill raised himself in the hammock
and spoke heatedly. "For four con
secutive nights," said he, "I have sat
on my ovn front porch in starched
and melting agony, all for fear the
McSloys would call! I have worn a
coat that was constructed by a fiend
ish tailor for arctic exploration
work and a vest that originally start
ed out m life as a mustard plaster. I
have endured the glare of the lights
from within the house which you in
sisted on keeping lighted so the Mc
Sloys would know we were at home.
I have choked to death up to a late
hour because you wouldn't make any
lemonade till you finally gave up hope
of the McSloys for that evening. Now
"Why, the dumb animals in the
parks are treated with more consider
ation by their keepers than I have
been treated in my ovn homa!"
"You might consider me a little!"
retorted his wife. "You know perfect
ly well that Mrs. McSloy doesn't in
clude every one in her calling list,
and she is on the membership commit
tee of that club I want to join, and
Mr. McSloy runs out to the golf club
in his machine Saturdays, and it would
be splendid if he liked you and would
pick you up sometimes, and I should
"I know you would, Celia," "inter
rupted her emancipated husband in
languid content from the hammock.
"I know just what you would think,
and I am going to spare you the re
cital, because the weather is far too
hot for you to exert yourself by talk
ing when you don't have to! I know
your every little thought, darling!
And somehow at this minute it would
n't make a blithering bit of difference
if King George himself in his cor
onation robes and with his crown tuck-
o,i to,. M chrmirf wnitr n thow
front steps, I should rely on his com
mon sense as a man to understand
that nobody but a lunatic would keep
on his coat and the trimmings If he
didn't have to!"
"Men," observed Mrs. Prill agitated
ly, "are the densest, stupidest, most
selfish things! If you knew how -it
would make me feel if Mrs. McSloy
should catch you looking like this
you'd put on your coat and shoes and !
collar at once! Mrs. McSloy always
looks as though she had come out of
a bandbox, and "
"She can go right back into a
bandbox for all of me!" persisted
Prill, airily. "I'd have you understand
that I'm just as good as the McSloys!
And all their relations! This toady
ing makes me tired! Isn't this my
own house? Whv should I have to
consult McSloy about my wearing ap
parel? You'll be wanting me to tele- j
phone him to ask whether 1 shallj
wear my blue pajamas or my pink
ones! If Mrs. McSloy's delicate con
stitution can't st".nd the shock of see
ing a man without a collar. I don't
think I'd bother about knowing her if
I were you!"
"Their first call, too!" mourned
Prill. 'And first impressions count
"Fudge!" said Prill. "You are the
slave of conventions "
"John!" hissed his wife, as she
sprang to her feet. "There are the
An automobile was chugging slow
ly down before the house.
Then came the sound of a large
y.nf1v hpavine and scrambling. Prill
( tumbled out of the hammock. He
j hurtied through the open window into
the living room, in whose dark fast
nesses reposed most of his wearing
apparel. As he disappeared there was
a crash. He had overturned the
"Throw in my shoes!" he called
There was a bang and a growl as he
bumped against a rocking chair.
Something tore as he struggled with
his vest, When he groped for his coat
his head encountered a corner of the
piano. Finally, gasping, breathless,
with his vest upside down and his
collar twined in weird convolutions
under one ear, Prill desperately ven
tured out on the front porch to meet
"John," said Mrs. Prill when he ap
peared. This Is the agent for the new
refrigerator I was telling you about
he thought he'd find you at home if
he came in the evening!"
"What are you giggling about?"
growled her husband. "I was just go
ing to put on my things, anyhow I
think the weather's turning cooler!"
The Usual Result.
"Just because the De Faques found
their butler celebrating the anniver
sary of his wedding, they discharged
"I suppose they thought since he
was loadedthe proper, thing to do
was to fire him."
Th Use ta Vhich Baebab Tr Ar
Put In Africa.
People of the ETordofan province,
Africa, use baobab trees as reservoirs
for the scanty water of that district.
The trees have to be prepared care
fully for this use. The large branches
are first cut off near the trunk. If this
is not done the trunk is apt to split as
soon as it is hollowed out A hole te
cut in the trunk, generally just above
a brunch, which serves as a platform
for the man who is filling the tree, and
the interior is hollowed out. Round
the bottom of the tree a shallow basin:
some twenty or thirty feein diameter
is made, in which the rainwater col
lects. As soon as there is a storm the
people go out and fill their trees. The
water so stored remains perfectly good
until the end of the next hot weather
or even longer. A few trees, naturally
hollow, have a hole at the top between
the branches and fill themselves, the
branches catching the water and act
ing as gutters. These are called ia
gai." and are highly valued.
The system ghes a cistern twenty
feet high and from eight to ten feet or
even more in diameter. Owing to the
labor involved in preparing and filling
the trees water is usually bought and
sold, and on the main roads whsre
there is much traffic, as between Na
hud and Jebel el Hilla on the way to
El Fasher, the capital of Darfur. the
people do a regular trade by supplying
merchants and travelers with water
The bucket, called a "dilwa," con
sists of a piece of leather suspended
by strings six inches" long, from a piece
of wood bent in a circle, to which the
rope used for drawing the water is
fastened by three or four strings. On
reaching the bottom of the well the
leather opens out and collects the wa
ter, however little there may be. Chi
Th Old Crook's Advice to His Bril
liant Young Pupil.
VA11 this easy talk about 'honest'
graft," said an author, "makes me
tired. There isn't any such thing.
Honest' graft is on a par with the
point of view of an incorrigible old
crook I ran across when I was doing
police work on a Chicago paper years
ago. The venerable reprobate had a
son about eighteen years old, whom
he had carefully trained to follow in
his own footsteps. They lived togeth
er, and every night the old man used
to make the boy fork over the pro
ceeds of the day's pocketpicking, al
lowing him just enough to live on.
"Finally the young crook began to
rebel inwardly, and one night, after a
particularly good day's haul, he secret
ly pawned a diamond scarfpln and
kept the money himself He gave the
old thief the rest of the swag, how
ever, and it was so goodly a pile that
he opened his heart and handed the
astonished boy $5 and told him to go
to a prizefight or somewhere and en
joy himself. So the boy began to put
on his only gladags. But be seemed
strangely silent and distraught The
old man noticed it and demanded to
know what was the matter and if the
$5 wasn't enough, and so on.
"Suddenly the lad burst into tears.
'Guv'nor,' he sobbed. 1 ain't no right
to this five spot. Here's $10 I got on a
pin today, and I was goin to hold it
out on you.'
"The old crook took the money and
gazed with sadness upon his child.
Son,' he said, 'I want to tell you one
thing. Take it from me, folks that
I gets money that way will never, never
come to no good.' "New YorK wonu.
Flowers and Blood.
A superstition "dating from olden
times exists to the effect that Toses
and flowers generally attain greater
beauty in soil fertilized by blood, espe
cially by human blood, than elsewhere.
Persons who have visited Newmarket
England, know of the so called "bloody
flower of Newmarket," which is found
nowhere else than in the old moat,
now filled up, and in which, according
to -tradition, a very large quantity of
human remains is interred. These
flowers bloom in June and July and
by the bloodlike hue of their blossoms
suggest the name which, has been
given to them.
To be honest, to be kind, to earn a
little and to spend a little less; to make
upon the whole a family happier for
his presence; to renounce when that
shall be necessary and not to be em
bittered; to keep a few friends, but
these without capitulation; above all.
on the same grim condition, to keep
friends with himself here is a task
for all that a man has of fortitude
The Gloomy Englishman.
The sap may be wildly running, the
birds may be making love, and the sun
brilliantly shining in a sky of exquis
ite blue, but in the heart of the aver
age Englishman there seems a per
petual Good Friday, and In his mind
the fixed idea that life Is one long, un
ending Monday morning and .the
month eternally November. Londop
A Discussion on Talk.
Tommy Pop, what is the difference
between a dialogue and a monologue?
Pop when two women talk, my sorw
it's a dialogue; but when a woman car
ries on a conversation with her hus
band it's a monologue. Exchange
Willie Pa? Pa-Yes. Willkv-Tc" i
er says we're here to help others. Pi
nt course we are. Willie-Well. v v
er1 the others bore tor - 'hn-; t
,Vjm a-ji" --.