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BOOTS, SHOES AND RUBtiER GOODS
If you want the biggest values for your money ever offer
ed come to this sale. A grand opportunity to get good solid
footwear at a big saving. , , , . Q ,
Ladies' Kangaroo-calf spring heel shoes $ 00
Men's fine S*tin-calf shoes 1-jjO
Boy's fino Satin-calf shoes
M-n's double sole and tap working shoes I.UU
Boy's double sole and tap working shoes JO
Ladies' solid oil grain shoes 90
Ladies' fine Doi gola patent shoes 100
Misses'fine Dongola shoes
Ladies' fine serge Congress gaiters
Old Ladies' fine Dongola shoes
Infants' fine shoes _
Hp —|||ii"RUBBER GOODS. "H||l—#
Men's Storm King rubber boots
Men's rubber boots (regular height *■#>
Boy's rubber boots
Child: n's spring heel rubbers W
Hen's felt boots and overs
Men's knit boots and overs *
Boy's felt boots and overs . - *
Youth's felt boots and overs • •
At nil time; a full stogie of Gykey'shiii't-m»«lj b>x-t » • bv>ts and sho=s. ~ozey s
c <ppcr * -e shoes for boys and high cut waterproo for «ir s.
C- mpletr -t cV of 9 »le leather and shoemaker* sapmes.
Hurl. ir. stand with four lasts at 50c. . , 1 „
Leifcc =- • fr'.ent of l adies',Gent's. Misses' and Children s leggins and overgai e .
|? 1- j & ST HE F T - - BUiLs-P, A
IN FINE FOOTWEAR.
' First Fall Opening, today, on which occasion the
handiwork of the foremost makers will be
submitted to you for your inspection and criticism
A compreh* i.sivc exhibit of cvetyfhing ibat is new and correct
for the feet < f Man. Woma.. cr UiiJd. Every new shape, every dc
pt'idab't* leather, < very point of style, and every feature of good shoe
making fully developed in this gre-t display.
WEN'S NEW FALL SHOES at SI.OO, WOMEN'S NEW FALL SHOE.-> at
*1 a 5. f 1 50. |2 00. s'• ♦''•so. |2.«> and tyoo.
MEN'S FINEST FALL SHOES at WOVIEN'S FINEST FALL SHOES
$2 50. *3.00, $3 50 and s4.'o. at ?3 °°> f3-5 fJ an ' ?■' 00 ■
££ ££* 5..08S *><•** -
•1 IS, ♦'..so ar.o . • . MISSES' FINE SHOES at f1.25.i1.50
YOUT US' SCHOOL SHOES at 90c #nd #
slxo, 11.25 «"d $1.50. High cat or reg- CHILDREN'S PALL SHOES at 50c,
ular htright, all s.zes and widths. 65c aud 75c
BUTLER'S. LEADING HO°TELIOWRY
SfjoE HOUSE -
Our Specialty is
( 1 We save you monotony in styles, an' 1
>5rA ' ,he P ! 'Ci' s are astonishingly low. Our
| / trimmed hats are arlUtic, practical
W \ J? / - mat rials. The
V K / >■» ity'e. - ill pleas • t!~ most critical
custoaur* ar.d the pries will please all.
3 8 S.l f ! : - - Buti ' *
ar ■ " "
K E 0 K
'A 1 /'"vKW K Have a nattinew about them that
TL\ /? • tA // Tl\ mark the wearer, it won't do to
-Pi MJ k |W) /J |A wn.r the last year's output. You
/ NL "aJ* / Irl won't get the latest thing# a the
V "V 1 1 fn fct':ck clot! iers either. The up-to
X/ v\ tj W date tfcilfci only <an • upply tin m,
li A ITx t J|f < 1 if >ou vant not only the latest
| / j h/l llt things iti cut an«l fit and woik-
I / I (m i l m.iihhip, the Guest in dutability,
I :[[ I I where e'tte can you get combina
i; | II 111 Li * i,onH < y° u th'm at
K E C K
G. F. KECK, Merchant Tailor,
4s Ncrih Main Street All Work Guaranteed. Butler, Pa
C. F. T l\ Pape,
Jeweler cincl Watchmaker
Will be found on and after April Ist ,at
121 E aHt Jefferson street, opposite G.
Wilson Miller's Grocery Store, Butler, Pa.
Subscribe for the CITIZEN
-THE BUTLER CITIZEN.
It Makes Restful Sleep.
Plerplessness almost invariably a'-' ompn
ni< - constipation and its manifoldatu-ixiui ?
evils—nervous dinorders, indigestion, lioa<.-
O'l.", loss of appetite, etc. To attem ft t<> ii
du'x- sleep by opiates is a Kerious mistake, t-.r
the train isonly benumbed and the body sui
f Celery Kiner removes the cause of wak<-
fi:lncsb by'its scjothine efTect on tna tcrvc.-
a;: i jn tbe stoniacti aud bowels.
Cel ry King cures Constipation and .Nerve
'jtoiuSch, Liver and Kidney £ Iseaeco. S
| : "
i ' Yon can make? har
1 Han ma
ijSgj makes a trie:
£*j- DM like 1: V. .
ISf ifco \ .. . ,
Us! Made fcj STAHD:'-.. "■
In all its stages. J l o(L <SUI) M
cleanses, »oothe« and hea! M
the diseased membrane, • '**^l
It enrea catarrh and drives
away a cold in the head
( ream Balm is placed into the nostrils, spreads
over the membrane and is absorbed. Relief is im"
mediate and a cure follows. It is not drying—d'»es
n produce sneezing. Large Size, 50 cents at Drng
gists or by mail; Trial Size, 10 cents.
li i 3 w
M Are W
| Healthy? [4
If you can to be strong /fl
A and vigorous and have on
yonr cheek the glow of t/ Jt
A perfect licalLh. take
.1 JOHNSTON'S TA
7 Beef, Iron and Wine
the "true tonic" which Yjfa
J combines in a pleasant a,
form the valuable iritri- WA
A t ' olst,,n ' c ant l fctimulat-
W ing properties of itb in- B 1
A Price, 50c a pint.
Prepared a.id sld only at TA
a Johnston's N
• 1 It M. LOGAN, Ph. G .
I Manager, M 1
B I'f-i .N Main Hi., li 11 tit-r. Pa
y>2 Everything in the T ■
T& drug-line. pi
«■'- - ' j ' AT\ >-
■" <M :: .gan?
IT-, in.iv l« j,,ur time tujrt
f () ktr V/alnut Organs at S3O to s3(l
Spin !>d II: mil on Organs, 9 and II etop%
s;o io sls.
Mifljent Hamilton Organs, 9 to II stops,
' r .O t- i6O.
Bta !al ESTEY ORGANS from $35 to ssoi
'lr.vc on at ttrj. ho rli-sunl nyka
To rl-mc out thl# lot we have cul prion, la
hail—yc,ur cli'.leo Irnm pM to f2M.
A. B. CHASE PIANOS.
flic MaU.hlcs* A. B. Cliaae Piano*.
Ciiqucktlonalily tba flueat I'ijuuia la Lha
•orl4. Aliout a of lMt faJl'i ttyh oI
tent s at
If jim wouM uto (lie to (in on a Mat
riuno, write at once to HAUWtQN'*.
MrtJj lmtnimciK %uaraatacd fulfj.
Call or write for Price, and CMafcCM «i
135-7 FifUi Avenue, Pttteburf,
A. M BERKIMER,
45 S. Main St. Butler PA
BUTLER, PA.. THURSDAY, OCTOBER 17. ISOI
THE PASSING BAND.
A loco, dfpp drcce
TLrummeth a re 'ia.iv*. monotone;
C'p aoareth the hem wiii. an undalaat flare
That dies, ia reborn—j :;t a fla=h of an air,
Tliro-jph the n-mblc of crutt--, £3 their throbbing
Sends a rh.vtl.mic pu'.se down the winding street.
Th.n a striamirj pi-:ir.ant of sound is cut flung;
Flamboyant f: r.i wail to wall it s«-un?.
Xcar—and n: re near— the harmonies cltar
Build vnrJ a j. r. .V. .i t ••••ir; then sheer
It breaks i:i a t-laricn clash of sounds.
An uluiunt tumult, ihat bounds and rebounda:
A volumiri' ■ - L-roan
Frer.: tl>. blaring tombstone
And a clansror of brass
As the cymbals pass;
Tl-.rn the drum's line 1 mas the nielodit j5;
Forward —ar:l waver—and faint—and die
Into murmur amphoric,
Sweet blending, choric.
To a faraway swell
Till at last the? tr.eil
In a note long drawi
Are gone—or. on.
4 BUNKOED BY !•
t A GREEK. t
T BY M. QUAD. 7*
'• cci raionT, 1001. BY C. 11. LEWIS. :
The pair of us had been in Aliens
three or four days when a party of
English excursionists who were mak
ing a tour arrived. Among them was
an antiquary who was looked up to and f
respected for his knowledge of ancient
history and ruins, and each evening
there wa ; a gathering in the parlors of
the hotel to hear him give a sort of
lecture on what he had Keen during the >
day. Professor Hempstead, as he was [
named, had been charged to pick up all i
the old Greek manuscripts to be had :
for money, and it was his inquiries for
such documents that doubtless led to j
our undoing. Oue day a man named ]
Talanti, who had somewhat the man
ners and dress of a gentleman, brought ,
the professor two ancient manuscripts j
as a present, and to show his further
good will he announced a valuable dis
covery which had just been made on
the island of .I'gina, about -10 miles dis- :
tant. He tvas the owner of the island, '
and while his workmen were getting I
out stone they had come across some
rare treasures in art, but had developed
only a small portion of them. They had
partly uncovered a stone bos which he
A BATTEISED OLD SCHOOKKR.
believed lit Id a large number of manu
scripts and valuable coins, but lie had
delayed th • opening of it that some of
his friends might be present. /Three or
four of them were going to his island
borne on the morrow, and be would be
glad to have as many of us foreigners
go along as could make It convenient.
The voyage would be made in his
schooner, n;id there would be no trou
ble about feeding and lodging all who
chose to go.
Aside from the English party, there
were Americans, Germans and French
men to the number of 20 In Athens,
aud when tiie list was made up we
numbered over 40, of whom 10 were
ladies. When we came on board the
schooner, there was considerable sur
prise at finding her the craft she was.
Hhe was nothing more than a trader,
and her accommodations were of the
most primitive character. Mr. Talanti's
friends, who were supposed to be emi
nent professors, turned out to be a
common looking lot and not inclined
to be sociable, but we were out for a
jaunt and might expect a few draw
backs. We bad a favorable wind for
the voyage, and the professor and oth
ers felt that It would be the event of
their lives. As the weather was pleas
ant and we had brought lunch from
the hotel, our noonday meal was a sort
of picnic. For an hour or two after
the meal Professor Hempstead enter
tained us with a historic lecture, and
time passed pleasantly for all hands.
My friend could speak Greek, but
when he attempted to enter Into con
versation with Mr. Talanti's friends he
found them surly enough. This ex
cited our surprise, as they were sup
posed to be gentlemen. When wo
came to look them over, we began to
get a little suspicious. Their language
liiid manners did not correspond with
their dress, and they did not seem to
be at their ease. We also caught one
of them exchanging a wink and a grin
wltl: one of the common sailors, and
this caused us much worriment. In
a quiet way we reported the fact to
one of tbe English party, and he quiet
"Do you know, I've got u suspicion
that this Is a put up Job and that we
shall hear something drop as soon as
we land at the Island."
"But why should Mr. Talanti decolvp
us?" we asked.
"In the first place, Is he what be rep
resents himself? Who made any In
quiries about him? In the next place,
you never saw an aristocrat with such
big hands and feet. Ills skin Is coarse,
bis language full of slips, and you may
notice u sort of roll to bis gait, as if h«
bad been at w a for years. I believe
the man's n:i Impostor."
"I'ut Professor Hempstead seems to
be perfectly satisfied with him."
"That eounlH for nothing. The pro
fessur may be up on ancient Greece,
but lie Is way off on confidence games,
I believe we are in for some sort of a
skin gam -, Init it's tK.ioeiise to worry
over It. V,'< have walled Into the trap
like a lot of IdioU"
The I land win fairly well covered
with and .V' ' It did not have it
hoi-pilable lo< U. As we made a closer
npp. :i' h i* e. I e a couple of rude
hill and ap. it:. c Jelly, but Mr. Ta
la. il.c>M .: <| thai his cart!* was hid
den 1 , t: I . .1 aii.l t!•:;: he was land
ing nl tl,at point t i rave lis a long
walk, li wa n< •. • v.. ■ drifting in to
mill. • f i ' • > lie wharf that others In
our |«irt,\ i caii ; p'c oils. Tiie no
ble Or<( '. i in !l!iei- i afty nor diplo
ma'.- lb i t.. .i 1. dip and betray
Idia oral I r i :: I wonder and dls
tin !. but li. M i suspicious of us
were hard v p pared for the climax.
As hoon a tin- craft was made fast
the three i'i;■ i.: friends of Mr. 'l'll
lae| i }• ' h |, ';need pistols and
kulvt in :■ i!'. Ir latlons by lie.
gaie. v.ay. 'i h> . !us divided Into two
parli"<, and, handling their nuked
knives In a menacing fashion, they
drove the people into line. When Pro
fessor Hempstead had rubbed his eyes,
scratched his heud ar.d got it into his
brain that something not down on the
programme was going on, Talanti
mounted a box and smilingly observed:
"Ladies and gentlemen, you are now
about to pass ashore to behold my won
derful discoveries, but each one of you
is iflttiircd t° leave behind you all
money and jewelry. I will see that ev
erything is safely cared for."
"But what—what does it mean?"
asked the bewildered professor as lie
looked arotr. i him.
"It's robbery!" cried three or four
voices in chorus.
"I»o not mar the harmony of the oc
casion with hard v. :-Is." continued the
chief villain. "I simply borrow your
pur.-es and jewelry. The term robbery
docs not sov.ud well. As time (lies let
us get to wotk. Antonio, you may he
gin with the professer lirst."
The men «-rI i ;ut i:i anger, luit what
could they d V I do not think there
was a firearm th< t:i. while the
Greek* tnisrd ovpiaiixli cs to uri- their
knives. \ w< p ; rations a .1
threat.- c: the law. bit Talanti only
smiled a! tiie:;. rvd c-V d lb > 'work to
go on. i:-o .1 m::.i er..-. Iv. ng
ulariy : :•) i: bis p<> -fcets
were '1 '!; 1. .t:cl i rery
tli: s v wa.« ' w..men
we:.' req:; ■i.' >' . -. a::il ;.:; h
one 1 d ' •••• .: ■ S hand ;*.«
.she >11*..: ii : . .1. e ' half an
ho;:r li I: to: ' ■• . and then
111 :I. • • :ii l:i s pi
rati.-.ii cicv. " > -- ;oiie; ;
than a p .-</'••• ■ > ' 'l' a!;: >ti-:
look' - 1.. :i : ' i" m the h its.
They fj'.d r.. " re f. :i. but
their actio::- . .. .: ill 'iatement.
Their f;:vt m ve v - t i <: ...and cash,
and - a! v. •• their i::d atlon and
di ointi:' :it a! I i■" told that Ta
lan IV crowd !."■! :. '.en the i., ' ?oin.
When sine <,* thi- : y left us, and an
hour later two p.. ine li. herinen came
ashore in their 1 . . There were a doz
en vessels within live < r miles of us,
and a do!!::.' w aid hav • been big pay
for -hem i * a l out d notify the
nearest craft of our situation; but. real
ize g our I :;>l"ssiiess. they demanded
the sum of b»i. As there was no mon
ey to pay them, they were finally pre
vailed upon to take nil I O U signed by
all the men of the party.
It was almost dark when a battered
old schooner eaine sailing up to take
us off. and the terms were s•'s apiece,
to be paid in Athens. We spent a
dreary night on deck and landed In the
city at noon next day. Immediate no
tice was given to the various consuls
and to the Greek government, but no
one had any faith that anything would
IK- accomplished. The government
made loud promises and seemed to be
making all possible efforts, but as a
matter of fact Mr. Talanti was not
even pursued. lie never could have
put up and carried through such a job
without a number of officials standing
in with him, aud each and every one
of them doubtless shared in the plun
der when it was divided. It was said
that the money and jewelry amounted
to about $6,000, and the only consola
tion any of the victims had was the
privilege of abusing a country where
such things could be carried out.
The I.eatlier of the Egyptians.
The ancient Kgyptiaiis were skilled
in the art of tanning leather and man
ufactured it In various ways and for
various purposes besides- that of fur
nishing covering for the feet. Indeed
It is to those builders of the pyramids
that we are indebted for the first artis
tic forms of footwear, and so far as
can be ascertained from history aud
the researches of archaeologists the
Egyptians were the first shoemakers
who were worthy of the name.
It Is a fact, too, that tanners of today
employ very much.the same methods
lis did the ancients. About the same
materials are used, and the processes
lire almost precisely similar to those in
vogue hundreds of years ago. It is
true that lanners of the present day
have found means of greatly shorten
ing the time required to convert a hide
Into leather and that steam power aud
modern machine ry have done much to
exjx'dite and improve the processes of
finishing the leather; but, after all, the
principles of tanning remain the same
as they have been from the lirst.
•flic Kind He Wanted.
"Young man," said the fortune teller,
going Into a trance, "I can see you In
the mar future with an airship"—
"Make it an heirship to a million,
can't you?" eagerly exclaimed Ardup,
slipping a.lot her half dollar into her
band. Chicago Tribune.
A New E*cn«e.
One of the men In a large pottery
took two or three days' holiday now
and again, and v.'ben be came back, on
being asked what was wrong, be said
he bad been away burying ids grand
He <lid this two or three times, and
then lie thought he had better chaugo
his excuse, so, on Is-ing asked the next
time, he replied:
"Well, my brother, the sailor. Is at
home just now, and be Is so used to
the sound of the waves that I bad to
lash pallfuls of water on the window
all night before he could sleep, and
then I had to sleep during the day."
"Huh!" exclaimed Mr. Uox after
reading his morning mall. "Our boy's
college education Is making him too
"What's the matter?" asked Mrs.
"I wrote to him the other day that 1
thought It would be kinder for me not
to remit the check ho asked for. Now
he writes, 'liear father, I shall never
forget your unremitting kindness.'
Old Aunt (ou her deathbed)—l am
just making my will, my dear Ilelu
rich. I know, alas, too well that you
are not religiously disposed and have
no desire to promote the cause of—
Nephew (hastily)— Keg your pardon,
aunt; quite the contrary.
Aunt Heaven be praised! Then you
will be glad to bear that 1 have left all
my property to the church!—lluinor-
Chinese nuuals of great antiquity
contain numerous detailed accounts of
the supposedly fabulous unicorn. In
which the description are Identical
with those handed down from the ear
liest times In the mythology or occi
dental countries. From this It Is In
ferred that at some time in the re
mote past there actually did exist a
single horned equine or cervine animal
of some sort.
Mother (to babyi-lt's muzzer's little
ootsy tootsy Muzzcr loves her little
Fanny (who has Just been spanked)—
Don't yon l.ellcve her, baby. When you
(sob) grow up. she'll spank you t-t-too!
Practical Points on Hoelns and Cul
tivating br One Who Knowi.
The usual practice among farmers
and market gardeners is to give their
cabbage three hoeiugs and three culti
vating. the cultivating always preced
ing the hoeiugs. t'ndor good manur
ing, with good seed and the laud in
good condition aud average season, this
Insures a crop, but sometimes the laud
is in overgrown condition. The ac
cumulation of plant food left over by
preceding crops is something we did
net know and therefore could not fig
ure on. This, added to the usual ma
nuring. lias jumped the cabbage ahead
so fust that soon after their second
hoeiug they promise to mature their
hciyls earlier than we planned for. In
such case we stop right there with our
The wisdom of this is apparent as
soon as we get to the philosophy of
bovine cabbage. Why do we hoe cab
bage? The first and often the second
hoeing is mostly a weed killing process,
but the third, as 1 understand it. is
really 11 root pruning process by which
we throw the plant into bud (or head),
just as we create bud development in
a tree l»y trimming in its branches
above ground or its roots below ground.
If. on the contrary, our cabbage land is
lacking in condition, then it needs ex
tra hoeiug and cultivating in the early
stage of the crop, both to capture ni
frogen from the air and to help the
roots in their search for food.
Tiie presence of twitch grass makes
another good and sufficient reason for
an extra hoeing, for while that thrives
no other crop can. Don't cut off the
grass with the hoe or by the costly
work of digging it out, but hoe often
and cover the young shoots with the
soil, and I will warrant from expe
rience that it will end Its life with the
season. Where cabbage gets a bad set
back. as during a dry season like last
year. I do not hoe immediately after
the rains come, but wait a few days
until tiie nearly paralyzed roots have
got .1 new start or a new set has put
out, says J. J. 11. Gregory, an eastern
authority on the late cabbage crop, in
REMARKS ON RYE.
Good Tiling* It DOCII In a Section
Where Ilh Friend* Are Many.
The writer considers rye next in im
portance to the root crop. It is nothing
uncommon for rye here to yield 40
bushels to the acre, and if the ground is
properly prepared and good seed well
put in there is no failure. Uye will
live through winters that will kill ev
ery wheat and clover plant.
Ilye has so many friends in Sheboy
gan county. Wis., that great pains have
been taken to get the best varieties.
Grains of my rye are much larger than
wheat. A busliei aud a half is none
too much for an acre, especially if land
is full of weed seeds. This rye was
grown 011 reclaimed swamp land and
will yield about 40 bushels to the acre.
The ground was lightly manured with
coarse horse manure.
Rye can be sown In August or auy
time before the ground freezes. I have
seen good crops of rye where the grain
was sown so late that the plants could
hardly be seen al>ove ground until the
next spring. I sowed grass seed on rye
two weeks l>eforc we could get on the
land with a team. If rye is not sowed
by Sept. 20, wait until the ground is
about to freeze up.
One who has land infested with Can
ada thistles will find great satisfaction
in sowing rye thick and early. Some
sow rye here in July and pasture It so
It cannot Joint, then harvest a crop the
next year. Our millers are making very
fine white flour from our new varieties
Some of the fattest horses in this
country last spring were wintered on
rye straw and water, with a few car
rots. The uuthrashed rye was run
through a cutting machine and the car
rots through a slicer and the whole
put together and wet and mixed 12
hours before being fed.
Sow rye once, and you will sow It
again. Many of the small farmers,
and some large ones, thrash the rye
with flails, bind the straw Into bun
dles and sell It for more money than
the grain will bring. Kye that has
been kept dry will grow when two
years old.—Cor. Prairie Farmer.
An liiKonlnao Notion.
Ground can be easily cleared of small
stones by the simple device shown In
The Farm Jour-
nal. An Iron gar
den rake and a
k° x with one
"*"■ L- RlveH a
*"V •- „ and dustpan"
bto.vecathkhi.no. a r rangement
that makes the picking of stones an
altogether different nfTnlr from the old
fashioned finger and basket method.
The box has handles to permit empty
ing It Into the cart which Is to haul the
The Heavy HOB: at a Premium.
A few years ago «nine editors and
many professors of agriculture In ex
periment stations and colleges were
carried awny with the bacon hog idea.
Nothing In the swine class would suit
unless It was of the lengthy type, sup
posed to be indicative of high bacon
qualities. Now relatively little la
heard of this for n time much lauded
animal. Heavy hogs are at a pre
mium i» the west, with a prospect of
remaining so for some time. The prob
Icm hinges on the price of corn. Will
It pay to feed hogs until they will go
Into the heavy class and get the extra
price? This each farmer must deter
mine for himself. The return to the
old time favorites Illustrates the diffi
culty of effecting a radical change of
type without some very good reason,
says Orange Judd Farmer.
fllirpbrrd Hoy" Vlalta the Indiana
nnil Ohio I'Tuckmastrri.
Mr. Harris says he does not believe
that rape Is capable of doing what is
sometimes claimed for It. There are
those who claim rape to be an Ideal
feed for the fattening of sheep. Mr.
Harris' experience Is about the same as
my own In regard to tills matter. lie
does not countenance the Idea that
lambs can be successfully fattened on
rape nlon«\ I must admit I fully agree
with him. My experience has been
that lambs will fatten quicker on sec
ond growth clover and a small gruiu
feed than tliey will on the best patch
of rape and a larger amount of grain.
While rape makes a good pasture for
sheep, I have never considered It would
alone satisfactorily fatten a lamb for
piarkct. While taking a ride in com
pany with tlds gentleman one evening
I saw that which aroused considerable
curiosity within me. It was a small
patch of sainfoin growing along the
roadside. This Is the llrut patch of this
most useful plant I have seen growing
wild since leaving the old sod. It was
growing luxuriantly, mingling itself
with the blue grass that wqs also
found alone: the roadside. I believe
that sainfoin would be a success In
these regions. Every evidence Is nt
hand to prove it would. This makes
on 3 of the finest and best sheep pas
tures known to the flockniaster. It Is
very fattening; and will reproduce It
self year by year.
Mr. Yeiser is a man of shrewd busi
ness sagacity, and his methods In sheep
management are worthy of considera
tion. lie is a great believer in rape and
forage crops. He is a very careful feed
er, and although he respects corn as a
component part of the ration for fatten
ing lambs for the market he has no use
for It in the feeding of his stud flock.
"Xo lamb will partake of too much of
so good a thing as bran and oats. As
soon as the pastures commence to dry
I commence to give all my sheep a ra
tion of bran and oats daily," says Mr.
Nothing, to Mr. Henry's mind, beats
second crop clover and bran and oats as
a weaning ration.
Mr. Watson Informed me that he has
110 confidence In benzine as a remedy
for the stomach worm. "I once gave a
lamb about eight times the dose of ben
> ine prescribed by fce advocates of
this remedy," said Mr. Watson, "but
all to 110 purpose. I have the same
opinion you express that no liquid can
be given to a lamb that will dislodge
the stomach worm for the reason that
by tiie time it mixes with the juices of
the stomach and reaches the habitat
of the worm it is so weak as to be en
tirely useless." —Wool Markets aud
Experience Tiint I.enilM to n Prefer
ence For Tin Cans.
Additions! experience simply con
firms us in the belief that extracted
honey ought to be put into 00 pound
tin cans raTner than in wooden barrels,
says the editor of American Bee Jour
nal. True, a tin can will occasionally
burst an 1 thus cause leaking. But
when it does you can't lose more than
10 pounds out of me 00 pound can.
But a barrel—well, we have more than
once se« n over half a barrel of honey
lost through leaking or from the head
Yes, tin cans do cost more than bar
rels, but they are worth more and for
several reasons. The honey In them
can be reliquefied without digging it
out nnd putting It into something else,
as must be done with honey in a bar
rel. Honey In 00 pound cans is In bet
ter shape for the cash honey dealer to
handle. It is a quantity that many a
family feels It can afford to buy at one
time. Other excellent reasons might be
It may do to put dark or cheap hon
eys Into barrels, but the tine white ex
tracted honeys, we think, ought always
to be put into 00 pound tin cans. We
believe the dny will soon be here when
such honeys will be required In tin
cans aud perhaps at a slight advance
in price over that of the same grade in
Sew jpirt Turned l : p In Antnmu.
Deep planting for i>otatoes lias al
most Invariably given better results at
the Cornell station than shallow, but
very deep planting should not follow
shallow planting. The furrows opened
to receive the seed should not go to the
bottom of the soil that was stirred by
the plow. If it is desired to plant six
Inches deep, tiie land should be plowed
eight or ten Inches deep.
Then, again, land that has never been
plowed deeper than five or six inches
should not the next time be plowed
ten. The deepening process should be
gradual—an Inch or so a year. More
"new dirt" may safely be turned up in
autumn than in spring.
Sent and TVotca.
The wheat crop Is a big one of good
The .ipplo prospect Is poor both as to
quantity and quality.
A fair liny crop seems to be the gen
eral conclusion for the whole country.
Great shortage 111 the potato crop of
the west is reported. Twenty-five
points below the ten year August aver
age is the government estimate for the
country in general.
An aftermath of the mild winter of
1900-1 Is being severely felt in many
parts of the country in the enormous
numbers of grasshoppers, caterpillars
aud other Insects which prey upon the
products of the garden, says American
Latest agricultural wrinkles are Illus
trated at the Pan-American exposition
by exhibits of tobacco growing in pots
and ginseng also in pots.
An oat crop below the average is re
People Like What la tJood and I.lke
It lictter It It I.ooka (<ood.
The bee produces the honey, but
will it make straight combs, even,
white and well capped If hive and sec
tions are not properly prepared for Its
use and If they are not properly cared
for during that use? And If all the
preliminary work Is well done, will the
product be ready for an exacting mar
ket without additional work and care?
The beekeeper must do more than to
induce his bees to put their product
Into clean sections. He must keep the
sections clean and unbroken. He must
meet the demands of the trade.
To do tills he must take the honey
from the hive at the right time, must
make each section as clean and Invit
ing as possible and then assemble the
sections properly In attractive pack
People like what is good and like it
better if it looks Rood. What Is clean
suits tliem hotter If It loeks clean. A
stain on the outside of a section does
not make the honey less sweet or less
wholesome, hut does make it less at
tractive to the buyer. The stain, there
fore, must be removed before the sec
tion Is offered for sale.
Uniformity counts. Therefore the
beekeeper must make his packages
uniform in size. In shape, in color, in
arrangement. A few leaking sections
are too many. A single badly graded
case may spoil the sale of a ton of
honey. So the individual must be care
fid In grading, in handling, In pack
ing and In selling his products.
Hut this is not enough. The market
Is too big for one man to supply. Honey
Is bought and sold by the carload—even
by the tralnload and the buyer Is wise
enough to insist on uniformity of grad
ing in the whole lot. The packages
inn t In' uniform or lie will complain.
The packing must be uniform or lie
will find fault. The h<>Ucy Itself must
l>e uniform or lie will not pay the high
est price for it.
lie 1,. klckttr the buyer Is and he
ought to lie. s:iys Secretary Working
of i lie ('ohinido Iteckeepers' associa
tion, wii i' remarks, as above, are giv
en in The American lice Journal.
KiiMlcrit riiriunn l)o \ut Tnki* filrnl-
I) <«• lliirJi-RUI l or llllulil.
There Is considerable cuillictiiig tes
timony In regard to the etllcacy of
ijug wKU bordeaux mixture for
Irtish:, I have never yet found on
averagepplata.-lata u rower \vl»o knew lie
had made the practice to pay. The rec
omineiiibi'N - (-tnie iqpinly frotn ex
p- iii•• :ii s'atiu'i? and close observers
who are able i.> detect a small differ
ent' i:i >it 1.1. These yields are from
small pi s and may lie misleading, as
a d:fi'< rei'rt of lit or imshels per ac
tr.al acre ia.i> in- due to many causes
and at-n : v occurs every year on ev
I have no doubt that tiie effect of
paris green. t weather and flea beetle
( ii tin- folia.se is often called blight and
that the spraying would then be of no
The blight, if it comes at all, does
not show with us until some time in
August, ami fprayin;: before Aug. 1
would do p.o good. I do not tliiuk any
effect is b«-en from the different blights
eX'-ept tiie late blight, which kills all
foliage in two or three days, until the
potato foliage begins to mature or. in
other words, the blight has a season of
growth and requires certain conditions
of foliage (its seed bed) before it will
germinate. As long as hot, dry weather
continues there will be no genuine
If one knew just when a wet, muggy
spell was coming on and could cover
thoroughly every spot with the copper
and it did not wash off, there would be
a benefit, but the job Is usually only
half done, and there are so many ifs
that the average potato grower will
not lie the gainer. I use as strong a
solution of the copper water as 1 can
make without lime In my hand spray
ers when putting on parls green and
shall not use anything else this season
for blight, says a Rural New Yorker
After the Hay Is Gathered.
Now tl..:* the hay crop is about gatb
eri*) it is time to do something with the
thin meadows and spots. If plowed up
at otiee and well worked down, rye can
be sown in September, but a trial of
the Clark method of grass seeding is
often advisable where a farmer cannot
well lose a year's use of the field for
grass. After plowing harrow thor
oughly with disk or cutaway to cut up
the old sod and seed etyly ln Septem
ber. Use a top dressing of well rotted
manure or commercial fertilizer. A
thorough working of the soil and early
seeding will allow for sufficient growth
this fall to stand the winter and give
a good crop of hay next year, advises
Ne*vi and Notes.
California and Michigan grow large
trops of radishes for seed.
Orange Judd Farmer reports a large
winter cabbage acreage.
It is reported that the Seminole lands,
saiil to Ik> tiie richest ln the Indian Ter
ritory. will be thrown open to public
settlement at an early day.
This is a good year for the silo. Feeds
of all kinds promise to be high, affected
by tiie shortage In the corn crop. The
silo will enable the feeder to utilize all
of a crop that is usually partly wasted,
says National Stockman.
A small machine which turns out
tissue paper string Inclosing seeds at
regular Intervals is the latest device
presented as an economizer of time and
labor iu seed sowiug.
A new movement for the manufac
ture of refined sugar from corn Is In
progress. The sugar made by Improv
ed processes Is said to be a very valu
able white, dry product.
THEY WERE WAITING.
A Man Who Thought Panther COT®
Was Slow Got a Pointer.
Ttere didn't seem to be much going
on fit Panther Cove for u border town,
and when I ran across an old pioneer
I told him that I was somewhat dis
appointed ln it.
" 'Fears to b* a slow town, eh?" he
"Yes, rather tfcat way."
"No shootin or hangiii?"
"Nobody jumplu on his hat and firln
his guns In the air and nobody braggln
of the number of men he's killed and
goln to kill?"
"Yes, things are very quiet Any
particular reason for It?"
"Yes, stranger, there Is. The par
ticular reason Is that about 150 of the
boys are watchln you and boldln their
"But why should they watch me?" 1
"Waal, to be squar' with you, you
look like a critter who'd walk into a
saloon and call for a lone drink and for
get the rest of the population."
"And If I should?"
"Then you'd never have no more
cause to complain of the slowness of
Panther Cove. Before you could swal
low morc'n half the drink the popula
tion would bust forth with a yell, and
about a minute and a half later you'd
be swlngln to that tree over there and
the coroner usklu the boys if unybody
had seen Lung Sing, the gravedlgger.
Yes, the town does look a bit slow, but
you Jest take a p'lnter and either go
dry or call up the outfit when you
drink." M. QUAD.
The Prodigal—Ob, dcre's do old wood
shed where I spent so many pleasant
moments with pop. Guess 1 won't re
turn right away.—New York Journal.
* "" Rather Venom out.
tenderfoot who visited the Yoseml
te ln the old days thus related his ex
perience: The stuge driver found out
that he was seriously ufrald of snakes
dud Immediately proceeded to make his
hair stand on end.
"Venomous reptiles? You bet. I don't
know what reptiles Is, but them snakes
you can Just bet your life Is venomous.
Why, one day I was eomln down here
Irlvln a wagon, when I catches sight of
I snake In the brush all ready fn ' a
iprlng. My horses starts, an I wuips
'em tip fast to clear the snake, don't
you sec, afore he could spring. He
makes one clear spring, the snake does,
nn he misses the horses."
"That was lucky. But you—you"—
"Lucky? You bet your life it was
lucky. He missed the horses, the snake
did, but he stuck his fangs clean
through tho wagon."
"You don't say!" •
"I do say, and maybe you don't be
lieve It, but It's a fact. Ho stuck his
fangs clean through that wagon, uu
that wagon Is swelled up so bad that
we had to leave It by the wayside and
take the horses home."
- - •» 14- "**+9+
SOME LOST SECBETST
FAMOUS PROCESSES THAT WERg
KNOWN TO THE ANCIENTS.
Tbiar.j That Our Forefather* TVcr«
Ahlc to Uo That We Tfow Find Well
Mcli In: r'o»»il>le Cement of (ha
Crcckc i.uCl Kouiim.
Takliig into consideration the marveb
ous str'dco we have made la almost
e»-ery braacli of knowledge daring the
last 200 or 300 years. It seems exceed*
ingly strange that our forefathers
should have been able to do things
which we find impossible and that wei
cannot discover secrets which were al«
most common knowledge hundreds ol
years ago. But despite the fact" that
the average modern man knows mora
than did the learned men of long ago*
there are mysteries of knowledge and
science which our most advanced Bci«
entists cannot soive.
Thousands of years ago, for instancy
the Egyptians used to 'embalm th#
bodies of their dead kings and nobility
so perfectly that the bodies are in won
derful preservation today, as may bo
seen at the British museum. Clever as
we are in this age, we cqnnot do tho
same. The valuable secret Is lost and
modern science cannot recover the lost
knowledge. We can, of course, and we
do embalm bodies, but only for tem
porary preservation and, comparatively
speaking, in a most unsatisfactory man
ner. Bodies which are embalmed now
adays will not be preserved for mora
than a few days at most. Very many
of the bodies the Egyptians embalmed
before the birth of Christ are still so
perfect that the lines of their faces are
still as clearly marked as when thej
were first embalmed.
Sheffield turns out the finest, hardest
and most perfect steel the world pro
duces, but even Sheffield cannot pro
duce a sword blade to compare with
those the Saracens made and used hun
dreds of years ago, and the Saracens
never possessed the machinery we
have or had the advantage of knowing
so much about metals as we are sup
posed to know. A huge fortune awaits
the man who discovers the secret
which enabled the .Saracens to make
sword blades so keen and hard that
they could cut In two most of tho
swords us« 4 today.
There are a dozen different methods
of making artificial diamonds, but none
of the stones produced by these meth
ods can compare with those made of
old French paste, the secret of which
is lost. So perfect were paste dia
monds that It was difficult for even a
person with expert knowledge of dia
monds to tell that they were artificial
ly produced, whereas most of the mod
ern artificial diamonds can easily bo
detected, and their durability is noth
ing like so great as the old paste dia
Probably not one out of every ten
thousand bnlldings standing in all
parts of the world, and built by mod
ern masons, will still be standing 500
years hence. We do not know how to
put stones and bricks together as the
ancients did, and consequently the
buildings we raise nowadays are really,
mere temporary structures and will be
ln ruins when the ancient buildings of
Greece and Italy, which were built
thousands of years ago, are ln as good
condition as they are now. The secret
Is not in the bricks or the stone, but
ln the cement and mortar, neither of
which essentials can we make as the
ancients made them.
In modern buildings the cement and
mortar are the weakest points; ln
buildings which the Romans and
Greeks raised thousands of years ago
the cement and mortar are the stron
gest points and hold good while tho
very stones they bind together crumbla
away with age. We cannot with all
our science, make such cement andi
mortar, and therefore we cannot build
such buildings as the ancients raised.
Chemistry, one might imngyie, la the
science which has, perhaps, made the
greatest strides. Yet modern chem
ists cannot compound such dyes aa
were commonly used when the greet
nations of today were still unborn.
Now and again it happens that search*
ers after antiquities come across frag
ments of fabrics which were dyed
thousands of years ago, and they are
astonished by the wonderful rlchnesa
of tho colors of the cloths, which, de
spite their ago, are brighter and purer
than anything we can produce.
Modern artists buy their colors ready,
made and spend large sums on pig
ments with which to color their can
vases. The pictures of modern artists
will be colorless when many of the
works of ancient masters are as bright
as they are today. Just as the secret of
dyeing has been lost, so has the secret
of preserving the colors of artists'
paints. Vet the secret was known to
every ancient artist, for they all mixed
their own colors.
How to make durable ink Is anothec
great secret we have lost. Look at an*
letter five or ten years old and you will
probably notice that the writing haa
faded to a brown color and is very In
distinct. Go to any big museum and
you will find ancient MSS., the writing
of which Is as black and distinct as II
the MSS. were written the day before
The secret of glass blowing and tint
ing Is not yet entirely lost. There are
still n few men who can produce glass
work equal to the things of this kind
which the ancients turned out hun
dreds of years ago. Rut the average
glass manufacturer mnnot produco
anything that could all compare
with some of the commoner articles
tho Egyptians, and later, tho founders
of Venice, manufactured, and those
who still bold tho ancient secret guard
It so closely that It will probably die
with them and be added to the long list
of things In which our ancestors beat
In (be Time to Com*.
"Unless there Is a change," said tho
cook, "1 will havo to leave you."
"Change!" exclaimed the mistress.
"What do you mean?"
"Our union," said the cook, "has de
clared a boycott on Mrs. Smith, In tho
"Hut how does that affect me?"
"She Is on your calling list, and a
sympathetic strike has been declared
against all who associate with her."—
Proad of Iler.
"I want to get your wife Interested
In our new system of manual training,"
said the woman with a short skirt and
a felt hat.
"Well," answered Mr. Meekton, "you
can come In. Itut If you are trying to
teach Henrietta anything about train
ing a man I'm thinking you are wast
ing your tliue. Henrietta can come
pretty near giving lessons In manual
training, Henrietta can."— Washington
It's not easy for a woman to pin her
faith to a husband who never gives her
any pin money.—l'hiladelphla Bulletin.
Very few people know how to handle