Newspaper Page Text
Andrew J. Rhey, Editor.
Tliiir(lay, .March I,
I "or lMesitJcnt,
JAMKS 11 li I' II A NAN,
jdF The llarrisburg Kryxtun" comes to us iu
;i neat new drcss looking as nice as a basket of
chips iu a cold morning. We wish tbe paper
p-iv Hon. John W. Geary, late Mayor of
mi Francisco, California, passed over the Port
age Boad on Monday last, bound for Lis home
ia Westmoreland. He returns to the "Golden
Land'' iu three mouths.
fcjjr" On Sunday last, Patrick Horn, a laborer
on the Portage Hail lload, was killed near the
Mouutaiu Hotel" by being caught between the
1 umping beams of the cars. He "was aged
JCsSy Friday morning last the Nail Factory
belonging to the Portage Iron Works," Dun
eansville, Blair count-, caught fire and was en
tirely consumed. The property was owned by
M'Neal, Boyer & Co., who lose about $5,000,
the property having beeu insured for but half
Jjfcg- The Philadelphia rcimsylianian has
raised the name of James Buchanan, for Presi
dent, and iu an exceedingly well written and
able article urges his nomination by the BattjJ
more Convention. The Convention which mJ
at llarrisburg to day will still further elevate
Lis name, much to the discomfiture of the little
giants in whom is concentrated all the Demo
cracy, after having been Jierieued by that special
frieud of the New-York Herald, G. N. Saunders '
IDcS" (Srahoiiit Mnjaziit for March is a book
which delights, amuses and. instructs the rea
der. Graham never tires in his efforts to please
nnd so successfully accomplishes his object as to
(iodey't Lady's Bwk for March possesses uni
versal attractions in the value of its literary
matter, and is beautifully embellished. The
engraving of the "Soldier's dream of Home"
speaks to the heart and is true to nature.
Brantz Mayer' Mexico.
Wc have been shown a copjr of this admirable
work. Undoubtedly it ia the best history of
that interesting country that has ever been pub
lished. The agent for Cambria county is Win.
B. Hudson, Esq., and we cheerfully recommend
those desirous of obtaining a complete history
of Mexico, to subscribe for the above book. The
price of the book is moderate, the knowledge
contained therein,, invaluable.
Mr. Schell has reported a bill to divide the
. State into Congressional Districts, in which
Bedford, Canibria and Westmoreland form the
ISth District, and send one representative to
Congress. Of course much debate will ensue
upon this bill and amendments will be proposed
by the opposition party.
Got. Bigler has vetoed a bill entitled "An act
to authorize Samuel Buck to sell and convey
certain real estate," on account of its illegality
and unfairness. The Governor intends to do
his duty, and the veto was sustained by a vote
cf 28 Senators in favor, to 3 against.
The bill authorizing a general system of Bank
ing based oil Sute stocks, was taken up in the
House by u vote of 10 yeas, mys 42. After the
bill had been read in committee of the whole,
the question recurring, "Will the House agree
to the second reading of the bill?" it was deci
ded iu the negative yeas 43, uays 45. Wc are
pained to notice the names of a few Democrats
recorded iu favor of tuch a bill along with the
names of every whig in the House. We had
supposed the sad experience of the States of
New York and Ohio in the "Free Banking" busi
iios3 would have been sulJicieut to deter any
Democrat from aiding the passage of a similar
bill in Pennsylvania, but fear we judged prema
turely. However, Gov. Bigler will veto any
euch bill, should it unfortunately pass the Husc.
The Senate is in the hands of the Philistines;
from it we expect no assistance against the ma
nia for Banks and new systems of banking that
now prevails, and we already fear the soundness
cf the House on this subject, altLough there is
Bail to be a Democratic majority there.
Numerous petitions are daily presented in
both Houses i;.r the 3Iaiue Liquor Law. Mr.
McMui trie presented remonstrances from Alle
gheny township, this countyagainst any change
in the place of holding their elections.
The Senate ha3 had under discu,
peai oi me iviuuapping or "Obstruction Law
of 1817, the same b 11 that Gov. Johnston pock
eted. Mr. Mulenberg's amendment repeal all
but the 1st and 2nd sections, which Mr. Crabb
amended so as to include the 7th section, which
was agreed to by a vote of 25 to 5. The ques
tion then recurring upon the amendment as
amended, which repeals all but the 1st, 2nd and
7th sections, before a vote was taken the Senate
A committee has been Appointed in the House
of llepresentatives to inquire into the expediency
of erecting a suitable residence for the Executive.
We are in favor of building a "White House" at
Hon J.. II- Kuhus and Hook nnd Wife will
please accept our thanks for public documents.
TIks following proceeding took place at llar
risburg on Wednesday last.
QUESTION OF nilVlLKCK.
Mr. Gillis called the attention of the House to
the following item found in the Baltimore papers
of yesterday, and respectfully sisked an expla
nation of the matter from the members of the
Tiik Keystone Statu all Biuut. Messrs.
Kelso, Gossler, Henderson, Fculon and O'Neill,
a committee of the House of llepresentatives of
Pennsylvania, arrived in this city yesterday.
They have been instructed to inquire as to the
cost of erecting the Washington monument in
this city, the time required to erect it, yc. The
Mayor and city authorities have extended every
civility to the distinguished visitors to render
the necessary information. Wc are gratified to
learn that the Keystone State is at length de
termined to do justice by the memory of Wash
ington. Mr. Gossler replied that lie did not feel at
liberty to anticipate the formal report of the
Committee in regard to the matter, or notice
the courtesies, and civilities extended to the
Committee by the Mayor and officers of the
corporation of the city of raltimore ; but lie
might say that the connnitte had nothing to
complain of, and he could assure the House that
the expenses would not exceed those of the fa
mous Kossuth committee.
(Report deemed satisfactory for the present.)
The Telegraph explains the entire affair as
Explanation. In the Legislative proceedings
of Wednesday, will be observed certaini procee
dings under question of privilege. " In the
Legislature, the thing was a joke. Several
members of the Legislature, and others not
members, did visit Baltimore one afternoon, and
came home the same night. While there one of
the company it is undersood, enlightened a re
poster of items, with the information contained
in the papers. The reporter got hold of a
mare's nest a committee of the Pennsylvania
Legislature to enquire into the cost and time ne
cessary to complete a Washington monument.
We see it stated that Gov. Bigler has made all
his appointments except that of Leather Inspec
tor. It cannot be denied that Cambria County
did her duty nobly at the last election, giving a
Democratic majority for the State ticket of from
535 to G40, being double the majority given in
1848. Cambria offers for the above situation a
practical tanner, and as good it judge of the
various qualities of leather, as any man in the
State. We except no one. lie has had an ex
perience of 28 years, during all of which time
he has been in leather up to the eyes, is a sound,
radical Democrat, a worthy citizen, and clever
gentleman. Although politicians of this County-
have differed some little in local questions, all
united in recommending Samuel Singes, Esq.
for the above office, and the numerous recom
mendations from all parts of the State in con
nexion with his acknowledged fitness for the
station, should obtain for him the appointment,
and we confidently look to Gov. Bigler for the
bestowal of said situation upon so deserving a
Democratic State Central Committee.
IIarkisbvrg, February 25, 1852.
To the Democracy of Pennsylvania :
Your Committee announce, with pleasure, the
gratifying intelligence that the "GOLDEN BAN
NEB," for which the Democracy so gallantly
struggled in the late contest, has been won from
our "Democratic brethren" of California. While
we rejoice with you that our success is a triumph
of truth and fidelity to the Union, over error
and fanaticism, its result must be regarded as
an additional evidence of the attachment of the
people of this State to the cherished principles
and time honored usages of the republican party.
While we regret that our friends have lost the
"l'rize," we can not forbear to congratulate the
Democracy of our young sitter State in the tri
umph they have so nobly achieved and the honors
which their gallant conduct so richly merits.
The Banmr has been awarded to the County
of "Jir.,r," w hose indomitable and iron hearted
Democracy are worthy of XhvJewl for the noble
example given in her undying devotion to our
principles, and justly entitles her to the proud
appellation of the "BAN NEB COUNTY," of the
Key t tone of the Federal Arch.
WILLIAM DOCK, Chairman.
F..K. Boas, Secretary.
To the California. minded.
The Hon. James Wilson, formerly member of
Congress from New Hampshire, and now in
California, writes thus instructively of those he
finds there, and their prospects :
If they had some little sense when they left
home, it is all gone w hen they get to California.
Tbe glitter of gold bewilders them, and nothing
but a desperate adventure for a fortune will
Your Eastern people have entirely erroneous
opinions about California. The common idea is.
that if a person can ouly get to California he
has nothing to do but to scrape up the gold by
the shovelful until he satisfies all the cravings
of avarice. The adventurer for California starts
with this opinion ; his mind is all absorbed in
re-'thoughts about linen sacks, buckskin bags, and
ciose purses to uold his gold ; he is anxiously
contriving how to pack, keep, and safely trans
port his precious yellow dust. His beautiful
reverie is never for a moment disturbed by a
doubt of his getting it.
It is a great aud fatal mistake. It is enough
of itself to blast the prospects of nine out of
ten of all the people who come to California.
The stern experience of the practical miner
soon dispels the error, aud the poor deluded
sufferer is discouraged, disheartened, and mor- i
tiried; he loses his energy and fortitude; he
sickens and dies.
1 have seen many such cases, and I dare not
advise any of my numerous correspondents to
come to California. Those who eta.ud v:dl htd.
better f(nid still..
IIr. Buchanan in Virginia.
Mr. Buchanan, during his recent visit to
Bichmond, Virginia, w as honored with an invi
tation to a public dinner, by a number of citi
zens and members of the Legislature. He de
clined tho offer in ancat aud characteristic letter
A Bichmond correspondent of the Lynchburg,
( a.) Iicjitiblican says:
I spent last evening very agreeably to late
hour, at Judge Mason's in company with Gov.
Johnston, Mr. Buchanan, Mr. London and other
gentlemen. Every thing past off to the delight
of those present, aud to the honor of the distin
guished gentleman whose guests we were. It
was the first time I ever had enjoyed the pleas
ure of seeing and conversing with the distin
guished Pennsylvania Statesman. He is large
robust eld gentleman, of an erect and coaiman
ding person, and an iron constitution. He is
very fluent and agreeable in his conversation,
and entirely republican in his manners and ad
dress. No one, the least unsophisticated, can
feel any embarrassment in approaching and con
versing with him, as it were with some old fa
miliar friend. He spoke freely his views of the
leading public questions of the day ; declaring
his desire to see the compromise measures ac
quiesced in and maintained as a final settlement
of the slavery question, and deprecating inter
vention on the part of this couutry in the affairs
of Europe. He has declined the public dinner
tendered him by his friends and admirers in this
city, in a letter which you will find published
in the city papers of to-day. Thi3 letter does
infinite credit to the head and heart of its au
thor. Louis Napoleon's Constitution.
The new Constitution of Frince, as promul
gated by Louis Napoleon, says the Philadelphia
Ledger, is a remarkable document, and fully
carries out the object of the coup d' etal, by
placing everything in the hand of the "Nephew
of his Uncle." The President governs by means
of the Ministers, the Council of State, Senate,
and Legislative body. The Senate is appointed
for life by the President, the ministers are ap
pointed by him, and depend solely and entirely
upon him, being impeachable only by the Senate,
which he appoints. The Council of State is
nominated also by the President, and are liable
to removal by him. The Legislative corps is
the only one of the four powers by means of
which the "President governs," which is elected
by suffrage; and the deputies of this body are
elected for six years, Louis not irishing to re
peat the experiment of popular elections too
often. These representatives of the people are
mere nullities. They can neither organize nor
amend laws, but have simply the power of vo
ting upon such as the President scads to them,
as drawn up to the Council of State. The Le
gislative body is also kept small, in order to be
better under the control of the President. Its
sittings are to be secret, and the press has not
the right to publish any of its proceedings, ex
cept the bare minutes as drawn up by the Pre
sident of the assembly. No better scheme than
this could be devised for centralizing power iu
the President, and giving him complete control
1 1 it -T 1 . J- 1
oi an me mncuons oi government. ucn a
constitution is a libel upon the name of republic ;
with the shadow of choice, it has all the ele
ments of the most absolute and complete despo
tism; as the outrageous decrees of the President
show he intends to make the government.
Invasion of England.
The New-York Albion, a paper that pays
much attention to British affairs, ridicules the
declaration in relation to peace, made by Louis
Napoleon, to the forty-five English gentlemen
who dined with him on the 28th ult. The Albion
remarks, pithily enough:
A few simple persons have quoted this decla
ration, aa a proof that no such foolish scheme
is lurking in the semi-royal breast. Now if the
project was a mere question of time, we should
have taken this announcement as direct evidence
to the contrary, and have expected a declaration
of war to follow immediately upon it. Did not
the arch hypocrite smile in his saloon, on the
evening of the 1st of December, upon some of
those who, on the following morning, were pri
soners under his charge? Pity is it, that we
have not the names of these famous forty-five
guests. Perhaps they will yet leak out, since
the Tulgar parvenues who could not resist the
tetnptatiou of being feasted by a Prince in a
palace are of that vain breed who rejoice to sec
their names in print. We regret that so many
Englishmen of the upper class could have been
found in Paris, willing to accept hospitality from
a blood-stained hand, and must presume that, in
addition to the set just hinted at, the party was
made up of heartless rouses, the associates of
Louis Napoleon's debauchery, with perhaps here
and there an honest, amiable, clever, but most
credulous old gentleman of the school of Sir
Francis Bond Head.
To Protect Sheep from Dogs.
The general evil with dogs, which I see is
claiming at present the most stringent legislation
in our Northern States to protect the sheep,
likewise exists with us. Our own legislature
has done much, and will no doubt, do more at
the proper time, to eradicate this evil. In the
meantime, let me publish to the sheep-raising
world a remedy against the destruction of sheep
by dogs, which was given me a short time since,
by a highly respectable and valued friend, him
self an extensive wool-grower. It consists sim
ply iu placing on one sh eep in every tea of the
Hock u bell of the usual size for sheep. The
reasoning of my friend is this: the instinct of
the dog prompts him to do all his acts in a 6ly,
stealthy manner; his attacks upon sheep are
most frequently made at night while they are at
rest, and the sudden and simultaneous jingling
of all the bells, strikes terror to the dogs ; they
turn tails and leave the sheep, fearing the noise
ot the bells will lead to their exposure. The ra
tio of bells might be made to vary according to
the size of the flock.
The importance of sheep preservation, from
dogs, the writer hopes, will claim for this com
munioation an insertion in most of the papers
of the Uuion, that a remedy so cheap and simple
may be lully tested. ditch. Whij.
The British Army.
The anxiety, bordering on alarm, manifested
by some of the London journals in reviewing the
condition and management of the British army,
is not unwarranted, if the accounts they publish
are true. The military establishment of Great
Britain, at home and abroad, costs the country
about forty-two millions of dollars per annum;
and according to the London Times, this vast
sum is expended in maintaining an army of
comparatively non-affective men, While the in
troduction of improved weapons and new sys
tems of discipline in France have, within the last
ten j-ears, almost doubled the efficiency of her
troops, the arms, accoutrements, and evolutions
of the British soldier, w hether on horseback or
on foot, are very nearly the same as they were
a quarter of a century ago. Under these cir
cumstances, it is not strange that Louis Napo
leon's 4K),000 soldiers, drilled after the most
approved modern system, armed in the most ef
fective manner, and commanded by a chief whose
policy is war, should occasion some solicitude
in the minds of the people of England.
The reverses which the forces under Sir Har
ry Smith haje sustained iu Kaffirland speak for
themselves. They have been defeated in fair
fight by half-naked savages, whose superior
marksmanship, light arms and equipments, ne
cessarily give them a great advantage over their
disciplined antagonists. The heavy armour and
weapons of the crusaders were scarcely more
unsuited in a warfare carried on under the bur
ning skies of Syria, than are the ponderous ac
coutrements of the British light infantry of
South Africa to the climate of that region, and
the nature of the service in which the troops
were engaged. The English foot soldier carries,
even in a forced march, a burden of sixty pounds !
His clumsy musket is the perfection of ineffi
ciency, if we may use the phrase. Such is the
width of the bore and the windage, that what
ever may be the elevation of the barrel, the va
riation of the range amounts to half the attaina
ble distance. Of two equal balls shot at tbe
same elevation, from the same musket, at differ
ent discharges, one may be expected to go twice
as far as the other. The cocks are so stiff that
the degree of muscular exertion required to draw
the trigger precludes the possibility of taking
aim. Moreover, as a London paper truly says.
the British soldier is carefully trained not to be
a marksman his entire allowance of ball car
tridges for a year's practice being only thirty
rounds. The fire of a regiment may sometimes
be destructive, just as the round blow of a tyro
in pugilism may bring down a more experienced
boxer ; but the odds are fearfully against such a
The British " light" dragoon is a still more
cumbrous piece of military machinery. lie
weighs, with his arms and equipments, three
hundred and eight pounds, while his horse, the
regular price of which is about $120, is quite
unfit to sustain the burden. A regiment of this
class of dragoons was recently sent to the Cape ;
but it was found impossible to find chargers ca
pable of carrying them, and they were transfor
med into grenadiers!
What a deplorable contrast does this state of
things afford to the training and weapons of the
French soldiery, as described in an article pub
lished in the Sunday Times two weeks ago.
Even the indomitable pluck of the British veter
ans could not equalize the chances of battle in a
contest with adversaries whose artificial advan
tages are so superior to their own. A regiment
of marksmen ai med with repeating rifles, or with
the long range muskets now used in the French
army, would would annihilate the like number
of British musketeers lefore the latter could
come to close quarters with them. Even the
bayonets of the Euglish infantry are of bad con
struction, being made two or three ounces hea
vier than they ought to be in order to save ex
pense. Lnlessa new system 01 discipline mi l
more effective arms shall be introduced in the
British army, the flag that for a thousand
years ha braved the battle and the breeze, "
may lose much of its historic glory in the next
European war. X. 1". Snnd-iy Tim-t.
The Emigration to California is having a dis
astrous effect uou the Western farmer?., iu the
prices of lalor. In Jackson county, Michigan,
five hundred young men, it is stated, are going
to the gold country. The excitement is similar
iu the surrounding counties, and farmers have
to pay 20 a month, and board, for working
A large emigration from Indiana is now taking
place for California and Oregon. This is stimu
lated, no doubt, by Gov. Lane's circulars in re
gard to the latter country, and by the corres
pondence of Governor M'Dougall, of California,
Judge Bryant, of Oregon, and other influential
individuals, formerly citizens of Indiana, who
have been successful in their new homes. A
colony for Oregon, chiefly members of the Pres
byterian church, is now forming in Jefferson
county, under the care of the Rev. Charles Stur
divaut. A Baptist colony for the same place
organizing at and near Indianapolis, who will
start iu a few weeks for Oregon, with their cler
gyman, who has just resigned his charge for the
purpose, and two or three other colonies arc
organizing in different parts of the State, also
This great exodus begins to affect business
seriously. Rents are falling, and labor advan
cing. Landlords are now looking for tenants
instead of tenants for farms, as heretofore.
Farms on the great Lawrenceburg bottoms, that
last year were leased at a rent of 4,500 bushels
of corn, arc this year offered for 3,700 bushels;
ami well 6tocked farms are for sale in all parts
of the country at great sacrifices, by persons
who are preparing for California.
The Fikst Gvs inon Pennsylvania ion 1S52.
At the election for Judge, Inspector, &c, iu
llollidaysburg on Friday the 20th, ult., the
whole Democratic- ticket with the exception of
Assessor, succeeded by a majority of about 40;
a very handsome majority for a borough which
gave Gov. Johnston 45 majority in 1848, and
15 at the hist election-
The Penn Family.
Granville John Penn, of Pennsylvania Castle,
England, and the representative of that branch
ot tne 1 enn lamily to which Pennsylvania was
j devised, and is the first of his name who has
ever visited the Pennsylvania Historical Society,
was very handsomely received a few weeks ago.
He was addressed by Judge Sargeant, and made
a very handsome reply. Wc quote from his
' During the repeated pilgrimages which he
had made to the burial place of his great ances
tor, at Jordans, in Buckinghamshire, (and he
was pleased to find a correct representation of
it in the Hall,) so ol iscure, indeed, that it is
scarcely possible to discover where his remains
repose, for the Society to which he belonged
place no memorial to mark the graves of their
dead, he had felt a painful regret : but when he
came to America, and landed in this city, and
beheld the beauty of its situation, the splendor
of its public aud private buildings, the area of
ground it covered when he reflected that it
contained nearly half a million of inhabitants
when he had visited the interior of this great
State, and saw the fertile farms, the populous
villages the happy and contented freemen, and
the general prosperity of the wholccountry, and
especially when he found the veneration and af
fection in which his aucestor was held, he felt
that here a monument had beeu raised far be
yond what stone or brass could commemorate. "
Population of PemiKj lvnnia.
Allegheny city, 21,202 i
county, 7,427 -
Pittsburg city, " 40,001 j
1 1 , 1 1 '3
J'J, I O i
1, i SO
Phil.il. city proper,
co., exclusive city,
2 . 1
4 I, '.'30
The Maine Law don't go as its especial friends
supposed it would. 1 n Bhode Island it was killed.
There they supposed it would be passed. Lm
Massachusetts it has been set aside aud another
bill brought forward. In New York, a twenty
or thirty gallon bill has taken its place, and the
gallon bill will probably be killed. In Indiana, the
Maine law was brought forward, and the Legis
lature defeated it. It is abill of such outrageous
principles that it will not bear an examination
In Maine it never has been discussed or exposed,
though it probably will be during the next State
canvass. In the mean time, Maine is as com
pletely flooded with liquor as it ever was, and
as much is consumed. Indeed, the Maine law
has n very injurious effect on the cause of Tem
perance. It is a bill of intemperate provisions,
and while it is relied upon to suppress in
temperance, the efforts of those who rely upon
moral suasion, always the most effectual, are
greatly restricted and embarrassed. When such
harsh provisions as those of the Maine law are
brought forward, the rum sellers get sympathy
and popular support. We have a restricted law
in Connecticut now, that public sentiment will
not back up, and still intemperate friends of law
are determined to crowd on another law fctill
more restrictive. Hartford Times.
Hon. A. II. Stephens has written a letter in
favor of the Union party of Georgia, maintain
ing its organization, and consequently in oppo
sition to sending delegates to the Baltimore Con
vention, as has been proposed by a portion of
the Union wen of that State.
A teleeTapic despatch recently
announce ) .
inr i. hevaucr Hulseinan
while at M..i.:u
e'V03V m-me.i. ilis is ContnoKrt.. i ,
Clicvalier hims.-lf f. r.. . -w i
mcj , v .,
. r i-i . -
the insult being given at New Orle.m. '
happened, however, that the CLeralkr wa ' v
sent from his hording house at the time'
knew nothing of the matter until it J '
I.y the way, it seems to us, that the CbevaV
has been treated harshly on more than one
casion. He U, it is true, the rcprcieatatio'
Austria, and Austria is a despotic ovcriiffieJ
Naturally therefore, the sympathies of the Amer
ican people are against that empire, es-HtiC
on the Hungarian question. But, as far ,
have been able to ascertain, her represent
iu this country has conducted himself with
moderation, all the circumstances cons'uW
and has given no cause whatever, for the a),.
which has been so freely lavished tponhia
His fidelity to his mission should excite re-.
rather than censure. He is, moreover, the
resentative of a foreign power, with 'hom"tre
continue to be on terms of formal g.,o J W'I1 M
leat, and he is, therefore, entitled to corte-u
and gentlemanly treatment. lLweur LV.
our sensibilities in the holy c:m of freedom,
wc should not forget the dignity 1 1 .,ur un
as a nation, while we should be stbt.i,.j.u'
observant of all the proprieties of life.
Prosperity of Trio,
Of the prospects and prosperity of To: .
New Orleans Picayune g"v 8 an intere-rx
cle, which describes the pn-gress ..f t!,e j H ,
of that country as wonderful. iNroe t! .r .,K
of the war with Mexico the iiupr-ivernnLa
been as rapid as uninterrupted. No t.
f'lir.-.lt.. H--I -
V0jhave sprung up, in some ca.'cs with w-nJ-rff
rapidity: the old ones have greatly eia--
their limits, and where their diuieniLn bre
not augmented their business has. A brjJ
stream of emigration is constant'- ficw-j
iuto the State, composed of an eutcrrriirj
and practical class of population, vhj Lit
all their lives been devoted to agricultural jcru
pations; ami as Texas, is peculiarly adaptel i,
the pursuit of every branch of that importau;
department of labor, it will easily tie seen h,w
useful and necessary to her such a populate
The iullux of suchnien as these has ofcoar-e
had its effects. The class of small farms La
quadrupled over the largest portion of the State:
uew counties have been added to those alreiij
enregistered ; and a new and broal aJvitci
guard of French, German, and American cj'.j
nists have been pushed into the domains of tis
hordes of jealous savages that watch the north
ern frontier. The prevalence of small farm?, nch
as we see in the North-eastern States, is a fin
king feature in the present condition f Texas,
particularly in the western part. On the se-
j coast there are many large plantations wL:
the sugar-cane, corn, indigo, and cotton jlav.
grow equally well ; but higher up the faran-n
become the rulers This is a great beueit to tie
State. n it fully employs all the wu'.tela1 c
that can be brought into the country; g-ij-p r
ery emigrant his cabin an ! a few acres t '.: .'.
encourages the continued cinigrati.ni (.f p::
eal farmers, and increase- the rfvjr-"" i
wealth of the State.
Ktlrct In Pari of .Mr. tb.trr H
Mr. W4, iter's fwli at the K --t :. '
i 1,1 a-hirgton Ls9 priveke 1 'harp n.;i: - .
13,2'l!'a efr;4i of th? Pri j--i:rti V T' .'-
5,254 jdes iK'b.-its dem the purport i f t: -
J',2 :."! the ti;it extra. -r iliiary, tr-i rp' '
3 s :
l sriiv'i atti,t.
ir at F.
iir- j e.in p-acr to
.at I . ; :
W';i!.m,;i. n. The cfn.n"iit if t-
Slate, impelled t-y the dcru rt c I - '-
'".l(ru:c over it, has that, the j. '7 fo-'.
2 I. IK j Wa-Lin-t n. It n. bmer restricts .w- '
'''I j intercfts of trade and n.iviatn-n. tut .irfit '
cxercUlnsr an influence over l"arje.ia j r"
Any measure taken aaintt the cavey f A3'"
at the American, Capital limit be e u: h'as '
as the quarrel of Austria alone, but ai U-et'c"
niou qaarrvl of the Old World, reai-ta'-tl '
surd pretensions of the American rtj utuc.
'Home to America.
The correspondence relating to the block c:
marble which the Pope proposes to furnish &
the National Monument has been public
The following is the Cass letter to the Secre--?
of the Association :
Sir: I have the honor to inform youth1
have been apprised by his Holiness the F-;
through Cardinal Antonelli, the Secreta-7
State of the Boman Government, of his in'3
tion to conti ibute a block of marble toward C
erection of the National Monument to the D'-'
ory of Washington. The block was taken fr:
the ruins of the ancient Temple of Teace. -joining
the Talaccs of the Civsars and is to-"
ceive the inscription of Borne to America
soon as the work is completed, the neces.
measures will be taken to forward it to yon.
A Tragrdr at Sew Orle-
A man named Konson, a hatter
leans, accompanied by his wife, a younff
handsome woman, nn.l hi ra rtner. Cbanei
rce, went on an excursion, in August
Lake rohchartraiu, and from that time Kap
has beeu missing. Duree immediately rep
that he had absconded with all the funJs 0
concern, and, the story being believe
appearance ceased to create remark.
quently Duree and Mrs. Konson were
but afterwards lived together unbaFP1 -,.
during a recent quarrel, she was heard tc
en Duree in regard to the murder of -
. . l the bod;
This excited public suspicion, andin,.
an unknown man, found on the lake m
ber, was disinterred, and identic
Bonson, who had been horribly butchc
a hatchet. The guilty pair wrv mm