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"m 60 DEMOCRATIC PBIHCIPLK. POlkl THE Wj-WaZM THEY CEASE TO LEAD, WE CEASE TO FOIXOW.
EBENSBCRC, TIIURSDilT, JIIAY 2G, 18-53.
fi j l
.... YE R M 8
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THE MAIDEN'S CH3IC2.
A yours maid sat by bcr cottage tree,
A beautifd! maid, at the dawn of day ;
Iltr sewing fell idle upon her knee
T7fcen a sobor old wooer came'up the ddl,
A wooer whose hopes, one would think were few
Eat a maiden's heart is a puzzle to tell
Asd though old his face yet his coat was new;
Ob, a young maid's heart is a puzzle to tell
And though old his face yet his coat was new.
The weeer he gave her a wistful look
Aai wistful, too, were the words he said;
T'Lils merry she sang, like a summer brook.
And played with her needle, and knotted her
He speke of the ring and the wedding chime,
He pressed her hand, and he bended his knee;
A-si h3 Legged and implored her to fix the lime!
No go, and ask my mother, said she;
Oh, x it yourself, tzj darling, Baid he
2f 5 go and ask my mother, said she.
cir;e ista the hou38 had the wooer gone,
When a young man leaned o'er a neighboring
J.zi sad was the look that the youth put on.
And playful and gay was the maiden's siniTe;
P.-sy, who is this c.-.r!e that enrats her to woo ?
And why at your side does he talk so free ?
Must I a?k your mother, dear Mary, too?
No, Harry, the whispered ycu must ask me!
I'd better go in your mother to see?
No, Hat ry, no col you must kneel and ask me.
There was wailing one morn atthe village church,
Wailing and weeping, and words of wo :
For th wealthy old wooer was left in the lurch,
The raaid had gone off with a younger beau;
WanaTy the eun on the hedge-row glowed,
Warmly it shone on the old farm gate :
Ar.n v.UJ wes the laughter upon the road
A? Harry rod ofl vita his wedded mate !
hi! he cried Ho, ho! laughed lie
iL' y m.y wait a long while ere the bride they
Slaee the commencement of the Sontng ope-r-
an ctith aplastic friend of our3 and his wife
hve become so carried away with the furor
r. ;ker.ed by attendance two nights at the ope
t, that it 14 the hardest thing in the world for
Tbra t restraia their disposition to sing every -tiiisv
L.e incro so because they ore both pro
f.oi?r.t3 in raofiic. The other morning, while
i rjring his dinner, the butcher a sedate man
-was surprised to hear our friend shout out,
wliii most emphatic enunciation
'What will you take
For that 'ere stake?"
The butcher winked nt his partner, and an
frercd, with an air of composure, "A shillin',
air;" but it w as evident that our friend was
d.vu in the dy-bOok of his estimation as a luna
tic. Making his purchase, and going out of the
dftr, he met with his neighbor Jones. Exten
ding b s hands frantically, he sung
"Ah, friend Jones, and is it you?
11 iw do you do, Jones, how do you ?
Long time eince we've met to together;
Isn't this delightful weather?"
Jones was astonished, as well he might be.
Passing into a bakery to procure some bread
for breakfast, he sung, to a very plaintive air
"Bakers ! bakers ! bless your souls !
Let us have a dozen rolls !"
ati 3 rolled the word "rolls'. out so tenderly that
the baker's wife burst into tears. The rolls
wyre taken down by the baker's wife, when,
finding his voice again, he sang, with great feel-
"Dearest one ! with fingers taper.
Tie the bread up in a paper 1"
hich she did, and he went home humming, and
beating time o the paper parcels he held in his
arms. " His wife met him at the door, wringing
kt hands. The fit was on her, and she com
"My dear Charles, what do you think?
The coffee's all as black as ink I
I'm so provoked that I can cry"
"Stop, roy dear, it's all in your eye!
When misfortune comes, why bear it,
I, your loving Bpouse, will share it.
Come, now, let us sit at table,
Do the best that we are able.
We will have Borne tea my lass."
"Oh, my Charle9, you bappy make me 1"
"If I don't, theduce rmy take me!
Hear the words that now I utter
My love is strong, and so's the butter
Trust mo it will ne'er be weary
Pass the toast and cheese, my deary."
"Now good bye, ray dearest treasure."
"Cook the steak just to your pleasure,
But 6ee that it's uot overdone,
And I will be home by one."
"Good bye, farewell,
Tis Lard to part;
I cannot tell
How dear thou art !"
How this will end,' it is hard to foresee, but
"friends cf the family" shako their heads, and
point to their foreheads significantly as much
Tis to eay there is something wrong about our
"J&fwitunaU friend's phrenology. Boston Pot!.
From the St. Louis Intelligencer.
The Sect and Tlielr Doctrines.
With a slash of the whip across the shoulders,
and a dash of the rowels into the flanks of their
respective animals, a company of young Mormon
belle and beaux on horseback the belles array
ed in long skirted riding dresses and green vel
vet caps, and the beaux in their shirt sleeves
and bare necks, with slouched hats upon their
heads, aud slips of coarse leather wrapped
around the lower extremities of their legs, from
the knees down, in the. fashion of leggings, rush
at full gallop past my window, I step to the door
to observe more closely the unusual sight, and
while watching with curious eye the receding fig
ures, am reminded of my promise to sketch you
a few of the peculiarities of Mormon life, man
ners, character and institutions, such as they
have presented themselves to my mind during a
residence of several weeks in the Valley.
The task I have imposed upon myself is a
somewhat difficult one. When there is so much
ignorance and fanaticism upon the one side, and
so much prejudice and contempt upon the oth
er, it is imposihlc that I bhould in what I shall
have to say, entirely please eitheraWxrmon or
Gentile for such the Saints termwMrho disa
gree with them in point of religious faith. Gen
tiles will, I diire say, attribute to me too lenient
an indulgence to the abominable doctrines and
hateful persons of sacrilegious idolaters, while
Mormous-will accuse me of severity merging in
to persecution of God's faithful and chosen
saints. It is even doubtful whether I shall my
self feel altogether satisfied as to the truth and
fidelity of my own impressions. But as truth
and justice, and the presentation of correct and
faithful impressions in regard to subjects which
are beginning to excite a very general interest
turoughout the country are my only objects, I
shall write simply as 1 think, careless alike who
approves or who condemns.
The population of this city I should suppose
to be between eight and ten thousand. That of
the Valley at large I have no reliable means of
estimating. Upon a rude computation, based
upon the nest sources of information which are
accessible to me, I should estimate it as rang
ing somewhere between twenty and thirty thou
sand. This population is of an altogether hyb
rid or heterogeneous character, being composed
of emigrants from every section of the Union,
and almost every country in Europe. Here are
congregated the keen, sharp-witted restless
Yankee, the prudent, canny, elim-viaged
Scotchman, the pursy, self-complacent, conse
quential Englishman, the dull, phlegmatic Ger
man, with a rare occasional specimen of the
nvre gay, light-hearted Irishman or French
man, all of whom associate together in this de
sert girt retreat upon terms of the most social
harmony and brotherhood.
Of the American portion of the population, by
far the greater number came from New York,
an 1 the other Middle and Eastern States. Oc
casionally a representative from the various
Southern and Western States is to be found
among their numbers. How a Missourian, or
Kentuckiau, or Carolinian, could ever have
strayed off to these comparatively unknown
wilds to unite himself to the Mormon Church,
is a mystery which, I confess, quite altogether
surpasses my comprehension. Yet here they
are to be found. The Mormons almost univer
sally belong to what are usually denominated
the lower or laboring classes of society in the
States and countries where they originally resi
ded. The state of learning and'intelligence pre
vailing among them generally, I should judge,
by the appearance and conversation of most of
those who come under my observations, to be at
a very low standard, while many, very many of
tltem are destitute ot the hrst rudiments of a
common English education, being rude and ig
norant to a very high degree.
I do not recollect to have ever met or seen
among them a single person whose appearance,
manners or speech, would indicate him as a gen
tleman of refined, cultivated or even educated
mind. I do not except from this remark either
the President, Governor Young, or any of the
other leaders of the Church. And yet there are
not a few men among them of naturally keen,
shrewd, strong intellects. But if the natural
intelligence of the Mormons is noue of the most
penetrating, their acquired knowledge none the
most perfect, or their manners the most polish
ed, they possess, as in some measure a compen
sation for these deficiencies, those two cardinal
virtues of the classes from which they have gen
erally sprung, industry and sobriety, in a very
remarkable degree. If external manifestations
are to be taken as true tj'pcs of inward feeling
and character, energy, perseverance and sobrie
ty are certainly prominent, not to say predomi
nent, traits of the Mormon character.
Every Mormon has some employment, and
what is more, usually prosecutes it with praise
worthy assiduity. An idle or drunken Mormon
is a social phenomenon which has not yet fallen
under my eye. There are but few liquor shops
in the city. I believe that these are rarely en
tered by any but emigrants and transient resi
dents. The streets of the city are quiet and
orderly at all hours, both of the day and night.
As an illustration of Mormon enterprise and
perseverance I will mention a well authenticated
fact in their history. Within an hour after the
first adventurers had entered the Valley in 1847,
some of them had hitched horses to the plough,
and were engaged in turning the sod, while oth
ers were occupied in digging ditches and ma
king other preparations for irrigation. General
ly speaking, I have found them civil, and not
indisposed to give me all the information I
sought in regard to the principal features of
tbeir religious and social organization.
In regard to the honesty of their character
and conduct it ia the fashion of most of the Gen
tiles to doubt and distrust it. Possibly I may
have fallen iuto the prevailing fashion in this
respect, but I must candidly admit that in roy
limited dealings with them I saw nothing to
cause me to believe that the Mormons were in
their business transactions either better or worse
than other people.
Having said thus much of the men, I must of
course devote a few words to the women or la
dies of Salt Lake. With all due regard to the
obligations of gallantry and deference to the
rights of the sex, I cannot say that the Mormon
ladies can lay claim to any superiority over their
lords and masters, the Saints, either in appear
ance, manners or education. With some very
few exceptions they generally impressed me as
having sprung from inferior grades 'of society.
Whatever may be their other virtues, which it
is but fair to presume are not a few, beauty, re
fined and delicate features, and graceful man
ners are most certainly not of the number.
I may be permitted without overstepping the
bounds of propriety or encroaching upou the
prerogatives of the sex, to say that a swain
must be most deplorably persecuted with the
darts of Cupid indeed; who could fall in love
with a Mormon lady at first sight. Mormon la
dies, like those of other communities, are fond
of making such little display of finery, and fash
ion in dress, as" is at their command. The styles
in vogue vary as widely as the different cos
tumes and usages of the various countries from
whence they came. A favorite peculiarity of
dress with many of them is to wear chip or Leg
horn hats, somewhat after the fashion of those
worn by Swiss and Italian peasant women, in
stead of bonnets. These sometimes serve to
give some degree of piquancy to faces other
wise quite insipid or repugnant in their expres
sion of features. The efforts of some of the
beauties, both young and old, to make a fash
ionable display "of their charms is somewhat
grotesque in the extreme.
The position of the women here is altogether
secondary to that of man. Perhaps were I to
say that the women were in a state of entire
and absolute subiection to the men. tho trm
f F .
wouiu De more truly expressive ot tne actual j ".tea cujracter is to propagate their species, and
state of the relations existing between them, j people uot only this, but also worlds unnumber
According to the creed which they have mutual- J d and uncreated with their descendants, God
ly adopted, a woman stands no chance of earth- like themselves. Hence the great necessi ty and
ly happiness or spiritual salvation, unless she is J reason for tha adoption of the system of the plu
married, or in their parlance sealed to a man. ' ralityjf wives, for the more speedy accomplish-
The men thus holding in their hands the -keyav'ment 0f this, the great object of their bein"-.
of the women's fate, are 'not restricted in the After death they will ascend to heaven reoume
j number of those to whom they will with prince- .
) ly liberality and Christian charity extend the
I oiessings ot nappmess anu salvation, while poor
j woman is forced, under heavy penalties, even
j that of death, to confine herself to the sove-
I reign rights of but one husband. This is a right
or privilege which many of the Saints avail
themselves of to the fullest extent.
Bigamy or polygamy is a cardinal doctrine in
J the faith, aud a main, feature in the practice of
tho Mormons. It is acknowledged and practi
sed openly and without disguise. Many of the
Saints consider their liberality and capabilities
sufficiently large to justify them in taking under
their saintly protection, a3 many as 10 or 12, or
even more wives, who are then denominated
Spirituals. To entitle them to enter into this
state of relative Lordship and dependence, the
consent of the President, Brigham Young, has
to be first obtained, and then some qualified form
or ceremony of marriage to be gone throueh
-with.- The number of Spirituals attached to
Governor Young's immediate household, nd
those over whom he exercises sovereign rights,
it is impossible to determine. I have, however,
seen his carriage or omnibus repeatedly drive
up to the Church door of a Stlnday, filled with a
dozen or more dames old, middle aged and
young all of whom I am told claim to be his
well beloved an I honored wives. - Besides these,
I am informed that he has numerous other w ves
quartered in various parts of the city. Being
the head of the community. I presume that he
has the pick of the flock. If such is the case,
I cannot say that I entertain any very extrava
gant admiration for his taste in female beauty.
The other leading Saints, I am told, have wives
or spirituals, proportionate in numbers to their
own dignity and standing in the Church. These
spirituals usually reside upon the same premises
with their lords; some favorite wife usually oc
cupying the principal mansion, while the others
are quartered near by, in small cottages or out
buildings erected for their accommodation.
Sometimes the family oecomes so large as to
imperatively require a division, and they are
then settled in diverse directions, the husband
visiting the one or the other as tase and inclina
tion may lead him. Strange to say these nu
merous joint tenants, if I may use a legal phrase,
of one lord most generally live together upon
terms of the best understanding and most com
plete harmony. The green-eyed monster seems
to have entirelv overlooked the ladies of Salt
Lake, iu his round of terrestial visitations. Such
a thing as a spiritual Kilkenny fight is a thing
wholly unheard of and unsuspected in the an
uals of Mornionism.
As might be expected, the Mormons permit
only a very guarded and restricted intercourse
between their families and the Gentiles. With
oriental jealousy they seem to doubt and dis
trust any and all social attentions upon the part
of strangers, to their wives and daughters. In
fact, they generally utterly forbid the Mormon
young ladies to engage in any association what
ever with the young Gentiles of the city- But,
unlike their great prototypes, the cautious and
suspicious Musselmen, they have no eunichs of.,
. ... , - .f , ;
ferocious aspect and gigantic proportions to oiii- ,
aspect and gigantic proportion
ciate as custodians of the sanctity of tbeir domi
cils, and the precious treasures they contain. I
think that very many of them might save them- j
selves a world of doubt, anxiety and trouble, by
me simple renecuon, mai wnere ine lempiauon
is weak, acts of transgression and crime are pro
The chief glory and consolation of the ladies,
in the dearth of their other privileges, . woul
seem to consist in the honor which they enjoy,
to the most liberal extent, of becoming the moth
ers of an endless multitude of infant Saints, or
Gods, as they impiously call themselves and
their offspring. The number of children in the
Valley is quite incalculable. It surpasses all
belief. Almost every lady, who has attained
the full age of womanhood, carries one of these
juvenile responsibilities in her arms. From this,
some idea of the rapidly-growing population of
Salt Lake may be obtained. These god-like in
fants are usualy honored, shortly after birth,
with some odd biblical or other quaint name,
such as Zebulon, Erastus, Jerediab, Nehemiah,
Naptha, and Tamar, and eo on.
1 have been a regular attendant once or twice
every Sabbath, since I have been here, at the
only house of worship in the place. " The char
acter and ceremonial of the service bear a strong
similitude to those of several of the Protestant
denominations. The services are first opened
with prayer; then follows a hymn sung in a
kind of mock operatic chant, by a choir of not
very musical or cultivated looking- songsters,
male and female, to the accompaniment of vio
lins, clarionets, flutes, and several other varie
ties of musical instruments. After this : comes
the sermon, or sermons, by one or more of the
Elders. When these are through, miscellaneous
subjects arft introduced, and then the congrega-
on is aiamissM with prayer. The pulpit is
generally occupied by the Freaident, two Vice
Presidents, and twelve Apostles, and occasion
ally othev leading Elders, some of whom com
monly aidress the assembled multitude, as may
be agreed upou at the moment, without previous
A Sunday or two since I had the pleasure of
hearing sermon upon the plurality of wives
from limber Orson Pratt, as well as the reading
of the or ginal revelation to Joseph Smith upon
the sam subject, 1y President Young. From
these I gathered u clearer insight into the mys
teries of Mormn theology than I had ever had
before. Tho Mormons believe in the authenti
city of the Old Testament, and in the divine
character, mission and revelations of Jesus Christ.
But they further believe that similar revelations
of the Divine Will were made to Joseph Smith,
and are now being made, as circumstauces re
quire, to Brighani Young and the other patri
archs of the Church. The Mormons brieve in
Polytheism as well as polygamy. The two go
hand in hand. The one creates and proves the
necessity of the other. According to the origi
nal idea of their theology they are tbem3elvea
all Gods and the progenitors of Gods, varying in
power, intelligence and dignity, who have Tiu
miliated themselves for while by appearing
upon th earth and assuming a huum form
S 3 . 1 .... P. .
W HiVIl 11 It 1
"e B' iueir great uuties in this their hurnili-
their original godship, and there live in a state of
perpetual beatific enjoyment, surrounded by
meir numerous wives and posterity. In their
belief there is no such place as a separate dis-
tinct hell. Hell consists simply in the depriva-
tion of those who are unworthr from the iors
and pleasures of heaven.
I winb I had time to give you a brief sketch
of many bf the novel views and ideas developed
in this original and characteristic sermon. I
think taat you would find it both curious and in
teresting, and gain from it a more perfect aud
satisfactory idea of the peculiarities of this
strange Tligion than you could from most any
other sotrce. One singular idea advanced by
Mr. Prattin this discourse I cannot refrain from
mentioflag. That was, that the principal r ea
bou why the people of the United States and Eu-
rop dia not adopt the system of a plurality of
wires was that they were too avaricious aud pe
nurious to support such - large families ; that
they wrj fast becoming too fuud of gold to nr '
port eveu'a single wife and her offspring. This
explanation of a custom which has heretofore
been attributed to virtuous principle upon the
part of our people and Europeans, will undoubt
edly surprise and shock not a few of them.
The Saints are using every endeavor to make
proselytes to their religion. They are sending
oui missionaries, with that object, to every quar
ter of the globe. In a few days some eighty or
ninety of tliase apostle3 of Mornionism will de
part upon thoir missions, soma destined to the
various States o"f the Union, others to the differ
ent countries in Europe, and others yet to Chi
na, Hindostan, Australia, the Sandwich Islands,
and other remote regions. They are generally
selected promiscuously from the community of
Saints at large, and are sometimes called upon
to depart upon these distant missions with not
more than a week or ten days notice, and with
out payor reward. This duty they usually per
form witi cheerfulness and alacrity. Mr. Pratt,
who delivered the sermon to which I have allu
ded, accompanies the party on a mission to Wash
ington City, where he goes to edit a Mormon pa
per. Through the columns of his journal I
presume that the public will be fully enlighten
ed as to all the mre important points of Mor
mon theology, including the doctrine of spiritual
wives as well as others.
A Paragraph on Bricks.
"Ion," who writes from Washington city for
the Baltimore Sun, says :
"The work on the Capitol enlargement will
now be prosecuted with vigor, all obstacles to it
being rem oed. The contracts for the materi
als cannot be a subject of complaint. The bricks
are to be furnished at a rate a third less than
the market price, though the contractor has nei
ther the advantage of experience in brick ma
king in this city, nor of possessing either his
own clay or his own fuel. But he has rented
brick yardj at five hundred dollars a month,
and, under all disadvantages, is to render this
city the real service of reducing the price of
;.lJrffcl "V iUC
tractor must roeovlect that a printing contract
- - , -.-v. . ,. . , .
auu u uric k. co u Li llet two uiuerem luicgs,
and: that though h'cnn-elaim remuneration for
hia losses,on!Cqpgre"ss printing, there is no pre
cedent for- remunerating the Government brick
maker for losses on his contracts. While upon
tbis subject, I may remark that, old as is the
art of making bricks, yet it is an art yet in its
infancy. The work is done in as rude a man
ner as it wag centuries ago, or as when the Isra
elites made sun-dried brick without straw. The
many attempts to improve the process, especial
ly by the introduction of machinery and the
economy of manual labor, have hitherto failed.
It is said, however, that improvements have re
cently been made in New York, to such an ex
tent that a company with a capital of half a mil
lion of dollars has been formed for making
bricks on Staten Island, for local supply and
exportation. Such is the tendency of our peo
ple to crowd together in brick built cities, that
tbe brick making art must undergo, ere long, a
Saedixias Co-tuibutiox to the World's
Fair. A Sardinian frigate, with the articles
intended for tbe Crystal Palace exhibition, arriv
ed at New York on Sunday. She exchanged
salutes with the fort on Governor's Island. She
is a fine vessel called the San Giovanni, and
brought several passengers, who visit the coun
try fur the purpose of attending the fair. The
frigate has been 44 days -on her voyage from
Genoa. She carries 24 heavy guns and has a
crew of 278 persons, and will remain at New
York about a month. " She brings over 84 Ital
ian exiles, including several ladies and gentle
men of wealth and rank, ilost of them howev
er, are of the industrial classes, and anions then
are no lee: than 22 tailors bv trade.
. From Chambers' Journal.
An American. Tradition.
One Gf the most'interesting incidents in tho
early history of New Eugland, is the deliverance
of the frontier town of Hadley from an attack of
a barbarous native tribe. The Indian war of
King Philip the saddest page in the annals of
the colonies had Just commenced ; end the in -habitants
of Hadley, alarmed by the threatening
aspect of the times, had, on the first of Septem
ber, 1675, assombied in their huinbla placo of
worship, to implore the aid of the Almighty, and
to humble themselves before Him in a solemn:
fast. All at once, the terible war-whoop was
heard, and the church surrounded by a blooW
thirsty band of savages ; while the infant, the'!
aged, the bedridden all who had been unable :
to attend service, were at the mercy of the to
mahawk and scalying-knife. At that period, so
uncertain were the movements of tho Indians,
that it was customary for a 6elect number of the
stoutest and bravest among the dwellers in the
frontier towns to carry their weapons with them,
even to the house of prayer ; and now, in con
sternation and confusion, these nrmod men of
Ilalley sallied forth to defend themselves and
families. But unf ortunatey, the attack had been
too sudden and well-planned ; the Indians had
partly gained possession of fe town before they
surrounded the church ; and posted on every
spot of vantage-ground, their bullets told with
fatal effect upon the bewildered aud disheart
ened colonists. At this crisis, there suddenly
appeared among them a man, tall and erect
of stature, calm and venerable in aspect, with
lo ng gray hair falling on his ehoulders.
Rallying, the retreating towsnman, he issued
brief and distinct orders in a commanding voice,
and with cool and soldiery precision. The pow
erful influence which in moments of peril
and difficulty, a master mind assumes over his
less gifted fellows, was well exemplified oa this
occasion. The stranger's commands were im
plicitly obeyed by men who. until that instant,
had never seen him. He divided the colonists
into two bodies; placing one in the most advan
tageous and sheltered position, to return the
fire of the enemy, and hold them in check while
the other, by a circuitous route,, he led, under
cover of the smoke, to a desperate charge on the
Indiau rear. - The red men, thus surprised in
turn, and placed between two fires, were imme
diately defeated and put to flight, leaving many
of their painted warriors dead upon the field ;
an d the town of Hadley was thus saved from con
flagration, and its inhabitants from massacre.
The first moments after the unexpected victory
were passed in anxious inquiries, affectionate
meetings and heartfelt congratulations ; then
followed thanks and praise to God. and then
the deliverer was eagerly sought for. wnere
was he ? All had seen him an instant before ;
but now he had disappeared ; nor wa9 he ever
seen again. One or two among the people could
have told who he was, but they prudently held
Amid the dense forests and mighty rivers of
America, the stern piety of the Puritans had
acquired an imaginative cast, almost unknown
in the mother country ; and thus, unable to ac
count for the sudden advent and disappearance
of the delivering stranger, tbe people of Hadley
believed that he was an angel sent from God, in
answer to their prayers, to rescue them from tbe
heathen enemy. With the traditions of the In
dian war of 1675, that belief has been handed
down to our own day; and it was only a few years
ago, on the banks of the pleasant Kennebec, that
a fair descendant of the redoubtable Captain
Church related to the writer the loregoing le
gend as an indisputable instance of a supernat
ural dispensation of Providence.
The story, however, is a historical fact, and
latterly has embellished more than one popular
work of fiction. Sir Walter Scott, who allowed
little to escape him, alludes to it in "Peveril of
tbe Peak:" Cooper has made use of it in "The
Borderers ;" and "Oliver Newman," the last
poem of Southey. is partly founded on the event
ful history of W illiam Goffe, the delivering angel
of the inhabitants of Hadley.
Transactions of the Rothschilds.
A recent writer gives some interesting partic
ulars upon this subject :
"In twelve years about five hundred million
dollars were raised by the house for different
powers, by way of loan or subsidy, which were
distributed in nearly the following proportions :
For England, two hundred millions ; for Aus
tria, fifty millions; for Prussia, forty millions ;
for France, eighty millions ; for Naples, fifty
millions; for Russia, twenty-five millions; for
several German courts, four millions ; for Bra
zil, twelve millions, exclusive of various other
large sums. The remarkable success of the
Rothschilds, setting aside the great opportuni
ties which they have enjoyed from favourable
circumstances, may be attributed to their strict
adherence to two fundamental maxims. The
first of these, in compliance with tho dying in
junctions of the founder of the house, is the con
ducting all their operations entirely in common.
Every proposition of magnitude made to one of
them is submitted to the deliberations of alL
No project is adopted until thus fully discussed,
and it is then executed by united efforts. A se
cond principal is, not to aim nt exorbitant pro
fits, to set definite limits to every operation, and,
so far as human prudence and foresight can do,
to render it independent of accidental influen
ces. In this maxim lies one of the main secrets
of their strength."
What Constitutes aTeam!
in tae superior uourt ot isew xoric (city) a
case has recently been tried involving the ques
tion of what constitutes a team? The statues
of Now York exempt a team of tho value of
S'loO from sale, on execution for debt. In this
case a horse and cart had been sold. The car
man prosecutes for the recovery of the value
and sets up, as the ground of action, that the
horse and cart came within the iutcnt of the
law exempting a team. The answer to this
was, that one horse and cart was rot a team
and Webster's unabridged was appealed to for
a definition.which he gives as "two or more
horses, oxen, or beasts, harnessed together to
the same vehicle, . &c." After heariug the
learned arguments on the subject, Judge Bos
worth (on consultation with all the otherjudges)
rendered an opinion sustaining tho opp icability
of the law to a horse and cart, by vrbLh a man
gets his living, as evidently within tb in teat
Cf the law. r,H. Rrviitar.
KoUiday Customs of Norway.
.- The following iuterrcsting paragraph it
from a late number of Hows timid Y0rd4 :-
"At Christiana, nnd in ether Nurnegian town,
there is a delicate Christmas way of offering to
ft lady a brooch, or s pair of earrings, in a tru4
of hay. The house-door , of the pcraca compli
mented is pushed open, and there in thrown into
tbe house a truss ofhny or straw, nBheaf of corn,
or bag of chaff. In some part of this 'bottle-of-hiy'
envelopo, there ia a uced!e'of a present
to be hunted for. A friend of mine received
from, her betrothed, acsording to this Christmas
custom, an exceedingly largo brown paper par
cel, which, on being opened, revealed a seconi
parcel with a loving motto on tho cover. Ani,
so on, parcel withm parcel, motto within motto,
till the kernel of this paper hurk which was sf
length discovered to be a delicate piece cf min
ute jeweiry was arrived at. Ono cf tho pret
tiest of Christmas customs is the Norwegian,
practice of giving, on Christmas day, a dinner'
to the birds. On Christmas morning, every
gable gateway or barn-door, is decorated witJi
a sheaf of corn fixed on the top of a tall pole
whcrsfroin it is intondca that the birds ebsi!
make their Christmas dinner, Even the peas
ants will contrive to have a handful tet by for
this purpose, and what the birds dc net oat on
Christmas day, remains for them to finish st
their leisure through the winter. The carrolling
of birds about these poles made a Norwegian
Christians in the fields qurte holy to me. Oa
New-Year's day. in Norway, friends and ncr
quaintances exchauge calls andgood wishes.
In the corner of each reception-room there stand
a little table, furnished all through the day
with wine nnd cakes, and due refreshment fur
the visiters ; whe talk, and compliment and flirt
and sip wine, and nibble cake from house ts
house with great perseverance." Caa there
bo immngined a prettier Christmas custom thaa
that of the corn sheaf for the birds?
Ancc-lots of the Proxnicr.
The hard pressure for appointments to offiee
under the new administration at Waebicgttn.
gives lies to some amusing incidents. The fcl
lowing ia told us cf the Secretary cf State :
"Among the host of beslgers in tie pnrtuit
cf place, was & woman who was extremely anx
ious that her husband should be made postmas
ter in some country village. She was tuostrer
eover'iDg in her solicitations, in season and cot
of season. She stood at tbe Secretary's doer,
when he came out of his room in the morning .
she intercepted him ou his way to hie meals ;
she followed him to his lodgings at night.
on pWAKinn 0?'" i"pmiifl tr nnusnStlT
late ; the Governor listened to her as long as he
could, when he requested her to excuse him, but
she lingered. At length every gentleman but
one had gone, and the Secretary took off Lis
shoes. Still eho stood her ground quite unmov
ed. Growing desperate, the Secretary finally
rose from bis seat, and proceeded to strip oa"
his coat; then, turning to the woman, he ex
claimed: "Madam, I am going to bed, and If
you don't withdraw, I bhall write to Mrs. Marcy
about you." The lady immmediately retired
from the room.
A Preeocius Youth.
We were rusticating a few days at u fuiro hou?.
says a Western editor, and invited a young lady
1 to favor us with a tunc on the piano. Jltr mu
i sic book being in a adjoining room, her brother,
j a young gent of sorde fourteen summers, wasre
. quested to go for it. After the lapse of a frw
i moments he returned and placed an egg on tho
1 music stand. On being asked what that was for
i he replied that it was the "lay of the last mie
: strel," and that the compoeer was viogiog in
honor of her production ia the fowl house. The
next train brought us home.
"Dimelech," said Mr. Slow, solemnly, as be
stood with his back towards the grate ; "Bimi
lech, have you been to meeting ?" "Yes, tir,"
said Abiinilecb, stoutly, "I'yc been to the Uid
vcrsalist" "Well, my son, I aint like a goo-1
many fathers that dou't want their children t
go anywhers but jest where tJwy say. No tny
son, 1 aint one of these. Toleration is my mot
to largest liberty and all that, that our foref
thers fit and died for. Yes, my son, go where
you please to mettiu,' I don't care ; only this I
will saj that if I ketch you goin' to that meet
in ngin, I'll flog you within an inch cf vctr
A n.rrT Man. The editor cf the FoxUn
Fusilier must be a very happy man, about thi
time. In his last number be says :
Postscript We stop the press with pleas
ure to announce the decease of our cotencporarv,
Mr. Snaggs, the editor of the Foxtown Etash.
He has now gone to another and better world.
Sucess to him. Persons who have taken the
Flash will find the Fasilrcr a good paper!
fi-An Englibhman and a Welbhman dispu
ting in whose country wm the best living, the
Welshman eaid, "There is such noble house
keeping in Wales, that I have known about a
dozen cooks employed at one wedding dinner."
"Ah !"auswered the Englishmen, "that was be
cause every man toasted his own cheese!"
8,A country editor drops the disiaterebtel
observation : "Blessed are they who do not
advertise, for they will be rarely" troubled with
gy-A syphon for dairymen, is now in use ia
Scotland, by means of which the milk ia drawo
from the cream, instead of skimming the crsanj
off the milk.
3" A good old dutch man and wife, had s?t
up till gaping time, when the latter, after a full
istretch in the above operation, said "I visa I
vas in heben." Hans yawned, and replied "I
vish I vash in de still-bouse." Tbe eyes of Hl
flew wide open as ehe exclaimed "I pocd
you always vish yourself in de pest bluet: !"
An vp and rowN eki-it. During the exami
nation of a witneg-, as to the locality of t-uim
in a house, thecounel asked him "Which y
the stairs ran ?" The witness, who, by the wag.
was a noted w ag. replied, that "One way they
ran up stairs, but the other way they ran down
rUirs." The learned couniel winked br tb v.
and then took a lck nt ?h rrilln.