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DEMOCRAT AXD SEATIA'EL.
WM. B. SIPES, Editor and Proprietor.
Printed lor tlie Proprietor ly H.Litrlner.
EbensMirjf, n iday, So V. IS, 1S53.
V. li. rAL.MKK, the American Newspaper
Agent, is the c.n!y authoriTrrf .itjrr.t for this pnpn
:a the cities of Boston. New York .nil Philadt-lpbiu
ni is duly empowered to lake udvortisc n-.ent-. tin J
subscription at the rates required by u. His re
oeipts Trill be regarded . pay i.ieiita. His offices
xre Boston. Se- Hay's Building; Sew Y- rk, Trib
nne Building-i : Plula'.eipkia, N. -W. corner Thirl
and Chestnut .Sts.
FOR GOVERN OR.
"Subject tothedec.sion of the Democratic Convent-
Hon. Lynn Eoyd.
This distinguished g-nlkman. Member cf Cor.-v-s?
from the 1st District, Ky..sr.ri ?reaLcr ofthe late Ni
tional House of Representative, has been fj.-eiv-hn
atrinc time in our town.
Mr. Botd is a perfect type or a Southern ?.nf!oman.
and a perfect model of JetH-TSonian rcmneracy. Of a
disposition jiecuhjrly adapted to pain friends. his uni
ver&al popularity is not astonishing. His constitu
cr.cy may well be proud of their represents!;' e, both
-a a man and as a politician.
Mr. IWtd maeie an excellent presiding off er 1 it
winter, and we sincerely hope he may be e'ev al?d to
that distin uisked post again. The approaching ses
sion of Congress bids fair to be one of excitement and
importance, and it will require n e'ear head and bold
heart to preserve that dignity which thou'J charac
terize the highest legislative 1 ody of the land. 1 bene
qualifications the distinguished member from Ken
tucky possesses in an eminent degree; and, aided
by his experience, he can do more towards transac
ting the business of the nation wisely and well, than
any man wc know. Our voice is for Lynn Boip
for Speaker, and we believe that of Pennsylvania i
Hendersca Moore, Esq.
Ve feel particularly gratified at being able to state
that this gentleman his been appointed Special Mail
Agont, to accompany the United States Mai! to Caii
foniia. Mr. Moure ii a tak-nfd nd energetic Dem
ocrat, and ha3 worked h .rd for ti;e ' good rauic" in
the WLig-ofpn'Sfcd county of Blair, f U''h iii'D fie
Krve the favors of a democratic Admir.ifTation, ami
we feel clmai as happy when v.e htir of their suc
cess as we would should we hear ofo'ir own.
Vi'e with Mr. Mooiif. a safe and pleasant trip to th--
modern Cphir ; and. as he is a little too far away tn
receive our congratulations in propria penonce to d ty.
we shall take the liberty cf drinking his health - at!
alone, by ourself, in'mnjea'ely."'
J. B. Walker, Esq.
TYe have learned, with pleasure, lhat thisgentlrnnn
has been re appointed Clerk to the Fuperintt-nder.t o'
the A. P. It. R. Mr. Waikie is a good clerk, a good
Democrat, and a good fellow, andtuch a wndeserve
a good appointment. Doiii U.s term of office he
has given universal satistaction, and his business in
tercourse with the public, which has been extensiv e,
has made him hosts of friends. Gen. Boss has been
fortunate in securing the assistance of a man so uni
New York Election.
The Democrats of New York have made tools of
themselves, and received the reward of their folly in
the shape of a very decided drubbing. Although the
unite! vote cf the two factions of Demociacy shows a
very large rnajori'y over ihat of the Whig i-arty, yet
the Utter has carr.ed everything. We are not disap
pointed at this re.-ult indeed, we are not willing to
ay that we regret it. Weh-.ve always thought that
the be.-t way to settle a se;isele.-s fmht is to flog all
parties engaged i.i it, a:-,d we don't care much if the
Whig? carry every election in the Empire State for
the next ten years.
We appe-nd v extrict from the New York Tribune.
and recommend it to our rtadcrs... It is truthful and
characteristic. Here it is :
"It was Charles Townshend, if we rightly remem
ber, from whom Sheridan borrowed his ton mat on
the Peace of Amiens, tht it was one ' of which cvci y
borty was glad, and nobody was proud.' 1 he remark
applies with equal force to the icsult of our Election.
The Whig have the Canal Board, the .State Depart
ment and both branches of the Legislature, vet no
body imagines that the W'hia; party as such'dl-sc-rve
any credit lor this mult. i;4 attinieie is that of a
clown into ve hose cap a traveler h is chucked a do'Iar.
just lor the sake of enj tying his amusement. '1 he
liemorratic party saw lit to quarrel and throw the
State away; and tte hies have it beca:is. t.v
could not help themselves. Of the 2 Saw; Uhil:
electors in the crate, not more than 1 bO,". i.J have voted
the Whig Sute Ticket thit yar. Almost every
where, the -silver Grays were cyn revet or -e
Cretly leagued w.th the advers.irj-. Their o-g.u,3 at
Utica and i:yrcu.se veie M.!d (jut dnrinsr the canvass,
and became openly Hard, as they will continue.
Those at Caruuditgui and Rochester were busy in
getting up and supporting bolting tickets agai:y,t the
regular Whig nominees, and then in trading off tl.e
WaigttaW ticket for Hard and t-'oft vo'es feu the.r
bolting Congrei-min or Senator. If apithy. inttstii.e
feuda and general anarchy could have til-. cited the
.regular Whig ticxer. the r result. wn::Id have bwrl at
taiacd; but the crack in the Wh:; parry runserv
close to the lurthcr edge 'of it. while that m the in
cracy was right through the middle, ar.d nva.n'fsilv
past surgery. He who desires :o pro.e that the Whi
party his still a healthn.l vitality must efftr son.e
lurther evidence than that afforded ly our recei;' tlcc
Th inclement and repulsive ve either doubtless di
minified the aggregate vote many thousands, lut it
could have hud no nuh effect had the mass ct the peo
ple t ken as deep mierest in current politics as they
did etx or e.nt years ago. Storms keep from the
poht main!y inosewho care- little whethet they vole
or not. Ih.sone aflorded an excuse lor Democrat
who wished to steer clear of the split, to stay away
from tne polls, and many ot them eioubtless improved
Thia fayorite periodical for December has been re
ceived. It ie, a usual, full of interest, and well em
Tli Editor announces that in the March number
be will commer.ee the publication of an "Illustrated
Life r.f Gen. Washington,'' byJ.T. Headly. This
will be a great additional attraction to the Magazine,
and will no doubt increase its circulation some thous
ands. Graham i in earnest for 1854, and will keep
huMac-ozinc n the iront rank of American Litera
ture. Term $3 per asturn
newspaper Patrons nd Newspaper
To the larger portion of mankind those who pick
up a newspaper, scan over its contents, and ca t it
aside a a thing of no consequence, the d.fficuluos ano
annoyance:""' tor; h . pecuniary dlscomft ires and
losres. pcrhnps never present themselves. Many-men
subscribe lor a newspaper as tmir.cr u cu.un-, n-
it as aiTuattcr of course, and when they feel like ,
it, discontinue it a matter ol course; never, even, j
vir.ir a thought to tLconcaurrccs of such a d;s
continuance. " Newspapers art so cummmi,'' they
-ay, and with snrh a r'rileciion.. leave the country
wi-hout as much as giving the publisher notice of ll.t.r
intentions; or direct the Tost Master to return it to
the office marked ' fi,," but never drcia ol tend
ing the mrni'-y to pay for ir.
Does it ever occur t-- s;:i u men thit 'ury arc ac
tually g'-iiry of ih. :"t ? :hi,t th-y h .ve been taking
nd using pivper-y for which they never reumK-d an
cqniva-eiit 1 A ncwf-puper U as much tin; propel ty
nfrr.2 pui.i:s.!;fi as a pair ui sho-. U Id' the f-hoemaker
a coat of tie tailor or a ban el of flour z-i The wr-
mtr. IV r tho p-per and ink used he has to yjy
'.r The Ljhor uxm it ho has to pay. 'an.l .'or hi? own
labor he has uudoubt---j a riglit to demand at: eq iiv
drii. Bi:t the.-e thoughts never occur to trie mind of
.on:ne-.v-paper patronUirt, ("Heaven save the rndrk !)
I":.f V 5?om to think ih it printers are ehf'alcon iikc-
ih it thy ere a kind of puMic l"ur.rti'?viric to be
robbed and cie.iteU with impunity, and wi h-jut cou
.viriCtiunK of conscience.
Who ever Ua-d of a man's rrputjtion suficru g be-,-atue
he h:.s tail off without piig 'he printer ? No
mr, ot conisc.
And vet if a titan refute to p;iy tut
hv c'oiin-s he v.fiis or theuouis he buys, he is un-
worthy ct cont;.'.c-i.ce, and the m irk ot Cain is set upon
ais brow. Now, we beikvc th.t it is :tr. evidence of
a woTse heart ior a m-in to rob a printer than almost
my oiiier kli'.d el business,-man, and our reason for
;bis opinion ia this: '1 h? publirhtr of a newspaper is
obiig-"d to tn'it evervbvdy. His debtoi'S are scatter
ed iar atid w'n'e, and he can hc-ver e.fect to see them
all. lie must, therefore, trust to the hoiiur of min
iind. Va the other hai.d, the mechanic or the mer
chant is acquainted wi;ti his cuntonicrs ne urit-ets
them face lo lace, knows thrir circumstances, and I
.... tat-P a.-tv.nt:, of tbi W now l?d ie to coiiect Ins I
own ere h;s debtor shall have departed for parU un- i
known. In short, he trusts to his own judgement.
Thus it will be f eon that the mar. who cheats a pub
lisher , not only rolt hrm of his property, but lawcs
advantage of his necessities to do ir.
We have, to totrie extent, experienced this kind of
treatment, and must say that a man who wiii deiib
erateiv vvkit o-tf or run oil' and not notify us of his
intentions, and liquidate his indebtedness to us, nasour
most unditguited sccrti and contempt. We icmcm
bcr him as a man iiiiwortltv ol con!ider:ce. aiid would
no more turns ot again trusting ium in anyttimg tuao
. c -.mim i en. ...... .tz y kuii.Ai. ....., v. u.iqui
be willing toioi gr. e ban. yet v. e ouu d j.tver looa
upon him in any other light than a thief.
Aprnj-os to ihesui jec, we r.ppei d a few specimens
of the correspondence wc have received ficm subscri
bers and po-.! masters, since wo have beet engagrd in
he I est abut ei and worst pi'.d business in l.:e world.
The first we coiis.-.'er a nJ sii.Ul cer preserve
.t as a spec. men ot fpun; and independence :
Mr .t.'.ij I want v-(,u to tnn mv mirfr. I .lorit
wai.t it any longer. L ir, a plnlabusitiiiig p. per and
1 doi.t vvjiit any j-hiUbusfri:! paper. L-e.ni send it
in longer. .
V. e ei:d not scnJ it any longer, and nope our ir.eue! i
was ialibf.ed. Here is another ot the ban.e sort : i
: I have to request of you to not send your
paper to my aod.cs ai y longer. A?
Mr. now cons.ders mc not a good enough ! m
vcrnl to have a ri is wor"; on tire A. 1'. R it . whd.
;.e cm lurr.iih rampant "'higs w ith steady employ
1 with no 1 inge-r lo be considered a supporter oi Ins
.riends paper. .
This, too, was d continued s requested. We con
.'ess wc were a little puz'ed to undcrrtand why we
should be held acroui-.taint lor the conduct ol a man
whom wc but seldom saw, and of whose acts we -a ere
as ignorant as of those of our offended pation. Here
.soi.e fiom a post master at a distance :
T'ear tir: Vour p . per directed to I-q .
l.eason tht Le never orueret! it nevei
will pay, iXC.
Well, this was a stuu per. IIc-vv the name of a
man whom we ne-ver saw, should get upoi. our books
and receive a piper tegularly tor three month, unless
it w as in some way ordeied, we could not understand.
I he l.itterclau.-c cf the brief note, we are not certain
will be curried out. Wc ge-ieraliy colie.ct all we cm.
Such is pan ofthe exp-trleitce of an editor and pi.b-
liaher for six months. During this period we have
rcccived many epistles af this kind, which we cannot
copy in this article. We file all such, and one day
they may be of use to us.
Of course we have met wi;h many honest her.rtcel
men in our editorial carter men who would scorn to
wrong any one out of a o'ollar. To such we are in-
lebted for our success, and wc shall remember them
with gratitude. We do not wish to force our pa-n-r
uFoa anyone. We try to make it aa inierc-,ti,g a j
we can, and send it to even body who desires it. We
, , , , , ,J ;
only ask that when a nib-crilxr no longer w ishes it,
. . ,. , , . '
he mtorms us of that fact, and pay us what he owes '
A . . ,. . . . !
us, and we snail part with him, wm regret it is true J
but as his friend I
. , j
jCT'Thc Pariflc Railroad Enterprise, started in,j
New York, is beginaing to attrac: the notice of
he press of tha. ci.y. The Tribune saj-s :
Ii ia aorr fulljr nnJ.r w.y, nA havirjr d;s- !
tnbu id i-s stocti a.l round, in every quarter
where it is thought it will ray, i 3 final act and
constsmma e achicverr cut will be to buy up Con
zress. Most probably the preliminary steps of
this mammoth Corpora ion toward subsidizing
the press have already been taken, with what
success we shall learn in due season, and it is not
worth while to Le Impatient. As the balloon be
gins to be inflated, we shall all be able to see
where the gas comes from. We await the trying
on of the scheme at Washington. There is a
.tock of a hundred millions to be distributed free
gratis for nothing to somclody. How much will
members of Congress take ? Get ready to speak
up, gcntlcn-.cn 1"
Population- of the Turkish- EsipmE We
are constantly told of twelve millions of Greeks
domineered over by four millions of Turks. The
proportions aic not correctly given, iven if we !
confine ourselves to European Turkey alone. In
this estimate are given the whole Greek copula-I
V r "opinions of the Sultan, whilst
the Mussulman numbers are only those of Eu
rope. Thela'.es-.t authority upon the sta istics
of the population of the whole Turkish Empire is
a woik just publishid at Paris by A. Ubicini.
He gives the numbers as follows :
Religions. Europe 4sia. 4f '
Mussulmans 4.550X00 12,650,10 3,80o!ooO
Greeks lO.OOO.COO 3,000 0C0
Catholics 600,000 JkiO.000
Jews 70,000 eHj'oOO
EYEON AND MOORE.
BT DR. OLIVER WENDELL HOLMES.
On Friday evening Dr. IIolir.es delivered the
third lecture ofhis course, at IIoiic Chapel, before
the Mercan ile Library Association. The house
was crow ded w ith a fashionable audience. The
lec'urcr w as loudly cheered en making his ap-
ptarance. He said
1 have seen fit to devote but a single lecture to
the two most illustrious poets cf the pened over
which my course extends. Kit her of thim, isre
c.ally Byron, mijrht. foe made the subject of the
whole course ; Chtl.'.e Harold alone would well
suffice to wtcwpv all the litne. But the reason
! for crowding Byron and Moore into a single' U-c
I aire ia simply this: Hardly any other pects of
j the period I treat of arc to generally familiar;
! and hardly any others have so little It fc to be cx
I plained, nnduxtcod,' or appiicia'-td. I have
! brought th(m tojre:her not inertly because they
were otemporaric3, friends, and one has writ
ten the life of the other, but bt Cause of this enm
nmni'y of charae'er between them, namely : (hat
thee two, of alio hi;- best cn'ii.ltd tqbe
called :he poets cf passion. Between scire r's
there is an affinity : between others a polaran'n?
or.isni and this fact I have ir.ade & principle tl
arrangement, which I now follow. Lord By on
ha? cverbten a will used thurcfor li'tra'i tu
Utcrc'vli : nor only how asid what he wrote, Jut
his priva'e life, his habits, his se vants, his b g
his wife, how heTiwarn and how he boxed live
been made common topics. S. rangers pursud
him, saints prayed for him and sinners fret tki'.
cans at him. F.vtn the poet Poll, ck took Byrfn.
as Byron took gin, for an inpiiation. I Uve
before me six portraits of Lord Byron rcneitprc
seats him at se ven yea'-s of age and it biiags
tears into the eye to look at it. There: a-c Jie
well cut, beautiful and delica'e f a'ures of Byror,,
but tlrere arc also innocence and peace. 1 1 might
so fcnriniuly lovely is i s charae'er, te the hke
ness of Matty Dutt, Miss Chaworth, or tni
child who awaked Byron's childish love
next shows him at 19, in a sailor's d:tss, withbi
hair and handkerchief blown aside by the wind
Already the bov was in the whirlwind. Of ilie
rest only one is endurable. It is theemc comrr.)n
ly known which reprcsen's him leaning on itiat
beautiful hand of which he was so proud. Wis
biiRt by Thorswaldsen (which is in Bos on ) is
.-iTignlarly sof- and feminine. It Icing rem arte d
to Byron thai his portraits had a feminine air. he
allowed his whiskers to grow, and thus they ire
shown in his portiait by Count D'Orsay. Byrrn's
i position as a n.an an(l apcet n.ay be considtnd
as pretty well setihd : so that thete can be nch
in if veryT new in the views which 1 shall express
cf his personal and mental qualities: neither will
it b well to take up your time by quo ing an
' author who is already quoted to death : you inns'
; not exi oc: a eletailee! pic. u re, nor yet a piece of
: patchwork. Reviewing the rsce frcm whi.thjtiow.
! Byron sprang we fi.id hlin born heir to lvghpas
! slon and an ungovernable will. Ills tat'lirs'
j youth was not highly favored by fortune : the
j d, a-.h of an old and ec:eniric uncle loevk him out
of a poor boa-ding house, almost oat of des'i'u'ion.
and b -ought him to a peerage, Ne-wstead ALliey
and a competence. Very few tell the early emo
tions ef there hear's : Bourse an and Byron haveV
elone so, anel thev have told much that has beert
though exceptionable. Childe Harold 'ells usin j
its opening lines as much as we want to knoncf j
the poet's youth ;it is enorgh to know thai h i
had swept all the chords of passion fo Aire revch
ing maturity. His Hours cf Vllercss,'" Bycn's
first publica ion. was confemptue-usly trta'tel by
the reviewers and how lie nverged himself in
hi.s " English Bards andSco'ch Reviewers," need
not be told t it settled his account wi
viewers and lef- somet hing to his ere dit.
th the K
the brief pe-rie d of the two subsequent yca-s, lis ;
powers grew to maturiy. Chi'de Ha o'd niii !
in the world's ea--s like theshie hi of Pallas fr.lf.ng j
in'o the citaelel of Ilium. The effect was elect l ie
hi.s fame had not to wait for ordinary gradation :
it sprung up. like the palace of a fairy tale, in a
n:ght : Lord Byron and Ch:Ide Harolel became
the theme of every tongue. But I am not f llov-
j i"'g his triumps firm the ojiening line of Childe
i Haix,ld to the closing stanza of Don Juan. Byron's
personal chaiater is accura ely projicteel fit in
poetry. Satiety had come with taily man hot el
The love of truth and fame struggled wi h the-
lower elements ofhis nature. The descent can 1
I traced from Childe Harold, the self al sneir.nm. n
j to his lower nature, down to the greggy brilliancy
! of Don Iuan. However, let us no' forget Ids l.t-
tcr traits . his oMc scf dcvo!ion to the cause of
Greek libcrtv, may Lc allowed to qualify tie
.i ;,n, t v.,. i . r
judgment w hich I have expressed not from cant
, , r r , , ,
not to secure the favor of mielelle aged morality,
v .r - .- , . . . .
blIt fi-om conviction. Much insight in'o Byron's
. . . ,r , . .
cha:'a-''-r ni,V be gamed from his pnva e letters;
l'ie" txhibit such an amounnt of smartness- they
indulge in the use of expressions so suitable to
Tom Crib and the ring, that we are compelled to
accuse him who was more proud of being a ge n
tletiian, a descendant cf crusaders, than of beinr
a peer oi .nguaif md .anty. This may sum
impossib'e to those who think that til that is
Wntlcn by a titled poet canie- ku te an no... J
nity f.om its source : but so it is. All that By
j ron wri es, letters or pc ems, bears ti e impression
' f tr-e man. lie reprotluces himself in the mc.vt
striking manner. As Jeffrey said, his Giaour.
Cain, Lucifer, Childe II trold, La-a, are all one
individual. He cannot d versify characters in
presenting hisdlfTesent Letters he docs little more
than repeat himself. What was this man , w hose
character, thus reproduced, forms part of the
world's literature ? We think of him as he was
at his prime ; a if he inherited the richest gifts
of fortune from hisbir.h; but hi, larly circtim
s'ances were poor ; his beauty was mam d by a
deformity: though danero s to women in afitr
life, he was far from a favorite with the young
girls among whom his youth was passed. He
never learned self control or self discipline : he
allowed the Devil and the Angel to rule h:m al
ternately ; and this none knew bcl'er than him
self; the Abbot's ti trait of Manfred is his own.
He was tractable to the fair sex : a woman could
manage himexcept Laely Byron. His were
tastes such as would have made a glorious Bashaw
or Sultan, but England was too cold for him. -Y
et he was generous ; he used his fa al pe.wcr
not wilhout some pity for innoctuce ; he liked
religion in others; he was ready to horse whip a
troublesome churl, and shoot an offending gen
tleman ; he was not to be bullied ; he was " a
pretty man," as the Scotch eay, aaa ever ready
for a stand up fight. But be lives to tell his own
exploits as he does to tell his f clings. Hi Childe
Harold is full rf Jarpuid oi ienf&li-m. His music
swims through the Spenserian s an7a as a queen
throrgh a royr.1 chamber. Still, he never fails to
make the reader feel there is a stieng h amid alh
In his va-it."its love s'orics, atd especially in Don
Juan, we see, with ti e cl.ar.ee cf n.cter, an in
crease of activity ; he moves more briskly through
he jaunty oV.ura rima. I was reading Ioti Jitan
lately in a public conveyance ; a fellow pas-cner
in a straight jacket of principle, with ancvercea
cf philosophv-, gave me a good advice when he
saw we reading thebe.ok ; and a young man near
me looked anxiously after his car tt lig. I felt
I was teadlng a prosciiltd heck. Yet its won
detful wit struck me moif than ever. But, if 1
wanted to sweat down a boy a? a jockey is sweat
ed down for a race, if I wanted to leach him con
tempt for his heaven born ins incts, that wcrk is
the first class bock I wculd give l.im. Yet By
ron is read. Why? Chiefly, I think, for his
in ense power of e xpressing passion. lie alone
it is who can speak e.f " wreaking his tho ghts
rpon expression :" he is also capab'c of ercninp
his heart to tenderness : he can be as natural as
he ever was in the hours ef his beautiful child
hoed. And then his lai ph ! hew cant and ce w
ardice slink away before it t and his world'y wis
dorn ! ta hercd in thar brilliant life, whose ran
nels he l ad fortken lh:cv.h wilheut ir.it. dit g the
bolts. But ihout-h he knows the goodness, the
purity, the delicacy, the tmth of heme afl'ec ion,
thorgh he feels their loveliness though gif.td
with the power of touching their springs, he
sneers at them, and mocks his better na ure.
Byre-n has never had a successful inuiator
nei her among English p cts nor American mock
ing birds. Others, srrcrh a AVordsworfh, have
been successfully imi a'ed. Byrcn never; the
reason is because he was un i t e to naiuic He
has one merit : he heir ed to diseuchain poetry
from the fetters of G: ub st. Ills wa-: part of
the mission of a poet who swam, swore, drank,
and was one cf the dttt lies of the Nineteenth
Century. The ordina-y dandy may be despised
but the true species, the Brommells, D O.says
and Byrons. have in them an iron grasp, cf w hich
let the common dandy beware ! Alclb'ad s was
a world vj h Augustus. Wellington said ha
he dandies were his best cSiccrs. Sir Uvvr Lie y
Davy and Lord Palmers! on were dandies in their
day, and Lorel Byron, cf all o hers, the el a halo
over the dandyism of Ik 19 h century. lie says
he is no' one of them, though they were always
very civil to him, snd that he had a tinge of ihe
elanJy in his minority. lie was always a sh-ewd
b isines man. His letters to Mun ay show this
I do not think that it is gointoo lar tocourlc hi.s
name with Shakespear as the twogreatts masters
of expression in the English lar.critage. Traveler.-
;have noticed that rr.e line of Byron's exl.aits'.s a
!' and -cape better than a Tt of a ouri'-t. He
pays his hand upon the ocean's
mane ;'' In; tells
' Fr-im pe i't f p.-1':. the
Lc ips the I've :1. n icr : '
ratti.ng cras among.
lor him the breathing ma: Vc
" t'on-e!;ts to deith and conquers agony."
,Say what we will, the voices rf the world
ltve him the first poet of the 19:h century
tie gea"est English poet fcir.ee Mil on.
The Life of Moore, by the ex Premier of I'ng
land brings hisname moie 1'it-hly into remem
b -ancc. The excess of beauty In Moo c's f e etry
had aln.osi worn out our sens. bili'. ies His melo
dle-s have fixed t'nem-ehes in the soul of every
E i;4lish -pea ki lg v-r.u h ailmaid.M, fioin the!
IUb-.-ieles to cur Wis ern prai.-ts. No wa d n
could ask a youth to turn a leaf for her at the j
piano, wi hout shortly af er iavi i:g hini to "res
in ;hls btisnm." e r sghit g for a bl ight li tie isle
of Mr own." Thus the piano if en cl.angtd
loelgings. and tl e lass and liner veices ce m
minced a di ty which they have never cea-ed
sin-re. It is in the very nature of things that re, e
it ion such as this should at lait induce- indil'.er
t-ncc, as the singing of 'dan s in o'.d times, frem
j being so common at last crasetl to be he ard. Be
sides, when then is a g-.od air, ii wiii take very
littleofa song to ca1! out the- hanelkerchii fs. !
Thus true sorgs have foem driven away from the J
piano by pieces cf pa'chwork. Mime is th' j
grca'cst mas'er of the Iyer : collect the lyrical i
cxillencu-s cf all other English poo's and he alone j
can equal the sum. The key to this success may j
be found in the s'rong talent for music which he j
.. ...... , 1 T ..... . , !
mmseii mis us lie posse.-scu. ioore- s ireie ciia
racter is only known since his ilea K. He was
as we might have guessed a man of society ; but
he left " de arest Bessy" liehinel him at which
she perhaps was as well phased. But it is much
to know that the Anac eon for whom Byron
blushed, was a kind and faithful husland and an
affictieina'e sen- Thrice a week he wrote to hi.s
mother except when m America ar.d Bern t ela
and from the same source flowed the waters oft
true, tleep. unchanging aTedion for his wife
Thus he always returned to his home with a
fresh feeling rf delight. His affection as a fa her
eras nn li s genuine: the fa'e of his children
'h-cw a gloom over the last 3-ears of his life. I
give a double elecomposition, that it may be
known ;hat while some tire worse than they see-m,
.1 ..: one rs wno seem worse than they are.
To Moore, above all other English Poets, two
words apply grace and melody.
The- prevailing element in his intellect was fan
cy : he perhaps more than any other pee',
shows how much can foe done by fancy7 and how
much il fails to do. The charictcr of fancy is
delica'ely sensuous, and Le makes not only
sound but all the impressions cl the senses,
arlicula c ; he is
-so tle'.cately wrought
That you might almost say body thought.''
Theelanger of fancy is i s taking the place of
the higher power, of imagination- More than two
htinelrcd metaphors were counted in hi ' Life of
Sheridan.", I noticed how the dying Gertrude
indulges in fanciful and diffuse obsirva ion, but
Zel.ca, in the fame poem, does so to a much
Ia-ge-r extent. I spiak of this only as a tendency
which occasionally runs aw ay with him. Closely
allied to his fancy is his sparkling wit ; in this he
stands almost without a rival, lie hove-rs like a
brilliant insect, drops on the detstintd spot, and is
felt. There is nothing brutal ia his attack ; he
uses no broadsword, but a sparkling rapier,
which hares a spec Vof daylight after every j ass.
Had he less fancy, his imaginative and inventive
powers would have stood in high relief.
His most powerful deliniatirn is Mclan a,
but he is no more than a Joe Smi,h, or Bringham
g. with the usual number of wives and a
handkerchief over his face. Moore's Melodies, so
long associated with the chaim of mc?ic hnvc
sunk deewst into the heart seme sung, perhaps, j
when we were children by lips Ictig in the d ist. ;
Some I have never heard since I w a a mere boy :
and I would not b. ar :he,n ag3ii. till 1 U an eld
man. when the tca-s they must br.ng may be
attributed to the weakness e fage. Those who-c
fiends, whoie eaily lows are deader scattered,
can fefcl wi. lithe oct when he feels
Who .leads alone
f'on.e baliqiiCt ht!l drs-eitcd."
We can afford to v ield to Moore all the he mage
his genius claims : but wc must not look fordicp
or subtle analysis in hi.s poems. He fJe.atn from ;
flower to llowtr. ga luring here a bud and there '
a blossom, but carrying uo hing away by tne
root. Tims he is the pee t of the young, m w i;om
the sensibilities a-e moit f.e.sh. His sanguine
emttramcnt led him astray in his you h, but he
has himself prose ibed ar.d ermlemtcd the error.
On the 20 h of Febnta'y, lt-52. 1 c passed eace
fullv away ; age had obscured a-.d almost extiu -gtiishedhis
brilliant facul ies, but his affic ions
s ill survived. To the last, he inquired wi h
anxiety fr the heal h of his friend", - and to the
last day, he scrg or asked his wife to sir, his
favorite airs: his love ef music never h fc him :
he warbhd he day lefo.o he died. The eel o cf
lvls sorgis in my ears ami I cannot Lid hint
fa ewe 11 in the cold and every day f rrn ef w ords.
Pardon me if. with his r.an.e upon my lips, I
have strung legc h'.t a few simple words for his
D. Holmes concluded his lecture, which elici
ted much applause and laugh er fie m the audi-
ence. by recitin
an orlgi..aI pejcir.cn the death
Fixmaa cf tie Lnltau cf Tnrlrey,
GRANTED IX FAVOFl OF HIS I'KDTEoTAST SCEJKCTS.
Most honored vizier, i'.lnsttrious counsell-jr,
maintainerof he gcod order cf the world, direc
tor if public affai r, w ith wisdom and judgment,
accomplishir of the important transactions, cf
mankind with intelligence and good stnste. con
solida or ef the edifice cf err.pi-e and of glery, en
dowed by the Most Il'gli with abundant cif.s,
a id Moushir, at his iu.e, of my gae of fLlicity,
Yiliir Mehn ed Tacha. may God Le p'Kascd to
preserve him long in cxal td dignity.
Let it be known on rcciipt ot this my noble
rescript, that :
Whereas, those cf my Christian sub'ects who
have embraced tl e Pro ts'ant fai.h, have sutiler
ed inconveniences and difficol ies, in c n-ie-quence
of .heir no. having been hi. erto placed under a
se-rara e aid special jnrisdic vn. and in con' e
qt ence of the Patriarchs ar.d Primates, of their
old c.i eels, which they ha. -c abandoned not being
na'.u -ally able to a 1 nin s er iht-ir aifai-s.
Wierciis, in neces-ary a: ;o -dance with rny im
tK-'inl solici udeand Ixnevolencc towa-d :.!1 cla;.
st-sef my si.fi'vc s, ir is ecc-n'rary to my impirial
pleasure that any e-lass ef them should be expo
-ed to trci.b'.e. Ar.d whcias. by reason of their
fai h, the aflrestiid Pro es ants form a sc-pa a'e
communi y. It is in c nscquence my royal
pleasure, .hat rue asm es betaken for the sde pur
rose o.'A-C !i ating ti e rdn-intsttatie n ef their af
fairs, so .hat tl ey may I've in ' eace. quiet and
sectuity. Let then a respc ab't and trust wor
hy " rert-c.n chore n by them -el' es from among
their own number, be appointed wi.h tit ti !e- ef
j - Ag ntcf ll.-e I'rotes an s. ' to le a'ta -hid -o
j .he Dcpa.-tn enr of the Minister of P'i-e. I
j shall foe the da y e f he agent to t&'tc cha-tc e f
j he register of . he nten.bersef the cemmui.i'y
1 and which is o 1 e k pi a i he-1 dice d par u en.
The agent is to re-;.isrtr therein all bii-hs and
dea hs. All ap lica ions lbr as-j-r's and n ar
r aje lle-enses anel on those sne'a! a'laii-s ef tie
con. muni v which a-e to come befeoc-the Subhnit-
Por c, e.f any ev her ele-par 11 en, E's -o ha ma '.e
rnder tie i-fEcla! seal ofthe agent. The present
rc.yal.and augus tdi ;t has he-tn es- erially gran
te-el and issue el f f.:u m y Iinperiul cl ancerv, fs-ear.-ying
my !uMi:t in'o e-.etui..n. Hence,
thou the a'we indiraVd M ushir, rhal. carry
j the prec eiing o -distance in o scrupulous execu
tion. co:f rmubly wi h the txplana ions given
As. hr.ve-ver, the- assessment of laves an I the
delivery o." passports a e subject to s; ecltic r. gu
la ii ns, thou .slutl n t permi; anything to lc el .ne
in con raven ion 'hvre'o. Thou shidi not s;'!.'er
anj- tax or hira'.c'i to he required of the- Protest
s'.! s, far marriage Iicer.st.s or for reu.israt:cn
Thou si, alt be careful that, like untco.hr com
munities of. he em pi e every facility and requi
red assistance be afforded to them in all their af
fairs, and in all mailers concerning their ceme-terie-s
and places of worship. Thon shah not jer
mil any interference whatsoever, on the jcrt of
any o'.hcr ro.mnui.ity, ui'h thtir rights or uiih
,1 - . , . .
their re 1 zioiis concern?, nor, in short, with ar.11 of
'.,-, .1 1 , .
tieir cifuirs, et her feculir or rthuuits, tn em 11
. ; , , . - , ,J
mannut trlia'soe vrr ; tn order that they mmi he
enalhd to exe ci's the usages of their faith in se
curity. Thou shalt not suffer them to le niol:s!e:l
one iota i.i these ar any o'her natters ; and tho'i
shell le carrftd and utteutice to maintain them in
the desired q-i t a id security. They are to foe
permi. ted to make those re-prese- 'iins to the
Sublime Porte which it may foe necessa-y to
and thou shalt cause il to W confirm, d in the
possession ofthe aforesaid .bYc's and thr.H
shal bo ca-eful that the- high provisions thc-e-to
lie always carried into due execution. Thus be
it known nn'o thee, civirt? full cr. .t. .1 ..
Imjerial signet. De-no in the second decade of !
w t . ,,v , ,I1C
tiie sac vet month orM .harren. in he -car of the
Htgira 1204, at Cons.antinople the well guarded.
(Sul an's Signature.)
iMPitovtD Wagox Bkake Perry Dickson, of
Blooming valley. Pa., has taken measures to 'se
cure a pa int for a vtry simple and excellent
b ake fer wagons and carriages, tt simply con
sists in connecting double cranks to the inner
end ofthe pole .r .haf. of a cairiage or wagon,
and connecting thecunks to a f.ic ion biake for
the face of each wheel, in such a manner that the
least backing up ofthe d.-.f animals brings the
es up against the face of each wheil, and so
presses them that they cease to revolve, and
merely slid. It is a useful improvement for hilly
countries, anel cannot fail to n.ft .. ,.'
all whom it may concern.
- - u v. ..oil. U
VTy Rather cniinntta t. 1 ... : . ,
j your wife to get your life insured. Doa-t do it 7
...s. euiu t-i i.intr tniir 1. inrc .v.,.t-
a-enf f.r its.. 1. . t j ; bee district. larid, and between it nd the
aeut. At. er thou hast taken d -e ccpiiiance ef f , - " J . . - - . w
these n.at ers thou shalt cause the present noble ' T ''l0' f I.'--on. to y
rescript lo be regis 'ced in the proper orw r ; w'-chm t-H-ge tramsfn'tly. conveyed by
From the San Frercisco Herald, Oct 16.
KitcLcl, lie rrili Patrict.
orai-iiiC ACCOUNT OP rscr?. alp-IVaL is
, ' , r V T i
John Mitchell, the Insh e x,le, whose
f-u ' f t.
ivtd he e Oit VteUi.e--o.ay tt eri-coii, accoc-
' ) ani.il by his ui '.- ttrd child-en, ar,d isaowlodg.
. ii: at Jones' Iio el. No w o; di of crs ctn ex
j press the- dillght wi.h which we welcome this
j gallant an 1 s erling jia'rie.t to the .'bores cf Cali-
f. mia. Since Ite-Urt lln.met Hind up Lis purt
i life on the scaffold in vindication of hi.s country 'i
. . 1 T , t ' . I . 1 ,
rictus, no sucn man as aonn .j-.e-iie imo tut
flus hhnself into the breach in defence of Irish
T1)C Irih t.xje- 0f 1F-48 have never, as is well
adtnitted the validity of their nnpretend-
cl trials and c-nviclions before juries racked by
' the English gnverrment. They held thcmselve
I captives in the hands of pirates, and have no
scruple in escaping out ofthe hands of their cne
I mie-s, whenever they can do so without violating
their ra -olc cf honor, an obligation which must
I? observed even with pirates. The last prison
er who has escaped their clu'cl.es. and fled fur
: refrge under the American flag, is John Mitche-I,
. who a-rivcdifct evenirg. as we have stated, ac
' comj anltd by his wife- and children, they having
, al :ut two jtars ago follcwtd him to his plac cf
, bondage. The circi tns ar.ces of his escape are
b iefly thee
i Mr P J Smyth, rf New York, (himself a rebel
i of 1618.) went to Van D.eimn's Land with the
cxt ress mission to rescue seme ol or more cf
the Irish S ae prisoners. Nothing cculd hare
! taster thrn ia escape, if thev could bare
j thought cf doing so clandes inely, tird without
rcgartl to the ir promise :but in order to discharge
i themselves of lhat cfoliga ion they felt it secreta
ry to formally wi hd-atv their parole before tht
' pre per nuthori y, ar.d prtstnt thtmstlvea to be
taken into cut-tody. The parole is to tfaa efli-ct
: that tley would tot escape from the colony eo
; long as th-y held a " ticket of leave," which ge
i tliem a treciis ef liberty within a certain deiig.
: rated police district ; but this " ticket of leave'
; is a thing which may at any time be taken away
; by llse convict authorities or resigned Ly the
Ow, while Mr. Smith was m Van Pieman's
! Land, and before any movement wha erer
' made by any of the prisoners, the local govern
! ment. by means of some cf their caves dropping
; deceive-., La i hamid his real views, and Mr.
; Smy.h was actually arrested held in ctutody fer
three daj-s. and most ignominously abused, un-
der a warrant ditxc id agains: John Mi'chel. Mr.
; Smyth, in short, was taken for Mr. Mitchel, UV
der ihe false and insolent assume icn that Mr.
j Mitcl.il teas absconding, wh.Ist te was all the
j time living qutc ly at his cottage in Bo Lwill,
adv. as under parele cf honor rot to abscond.
This was a g o: ; outrage on Mr. Smyth, and an
. oufu.c 1 arei'.y le-'-s g-OsS on Mr. Mitchtl. Ko
e-np-h rf-oiveei to avail himself of Mr.
oilers of a.- is ance ai.d have the itdand.
not cla-ults inely, b-.u o . e-dy. Acrc-reilngly ho
wro e a. id elti a ched the following ucte to th-4
I Lie-ut. Gove.-nesr, Wm. rcnicn.
BTfiwELL June S, 1S53.
Sir I l.e-ebv resign the " comparative liber-
ty" cal'etl ticket cf leave." and revoke my pa-
re.le- of hoT-.r. I shall f trhwith present myself
j ' cfore tin- police n agistra e rf Eothwell. at his
: p-1 :e otllc? sr.-w him thi letter, and offer ray
self io be a'.en info Custo.'.v. I am, sir, your
T :e n-xt day. the Oth Jar.e, Mr. MiicLtll and
Mr S nyth rod.; in together to tho township of
Ho h.vell went to .lie pohec ofT.ce door.diamoun
e 1 at:d v.r.r.ed in. They found the magistrate
in his room. The police clerk was wi h him ; a
;o-.is able was in the adjoining room, and anoth
er c:-i:s able was as usual on guad at the doer.
Tier 1 e-llere lt-:t:k ati-I w a chhotise stand oppo--t'c
At-rivid in the magis'.ra'e's room, Mr.
! Mi ehe-ll ha'tehd fo-m rn epen copy of the above
u ve a s t rtqi-t-R'id htm to read it. The magis
traecast l,is ye ever it a moment, and then
looked up to Mr. Mitchell, who deliberately desi
red him to observe the pu-port of that note, and
t.w.l; it,., trouble- of mice explaining to him that
tha pa ole was at an cr. l aid 'ht he had come
, to b 'n'.-t'i In'o r-.sf'tly. As tl.i e-Xcial seemed
: s ill cither Uwl'iL-t-d or frigh'tr.ed. the two gen-th-ii
cti put on th-ir ha's: Mr. Mi chell wished
, ihe inagistra e a grcd morning aid they left the
i office. Lr.med a e-'y w hen they turned their
; Isac'cs, the magis rate made a lomi up-oar, and
he and some e f ;he constables r-sshedout, calling
; tir-m tiie-r.-, to slop, and commanded every one to
: stop them.
ew.. .1 uie 0:1 truaiQ.
1 , ,- . , b
nands occup ed in holding two
. r.. , , ,
"nhabi ants of the town looked
, . , , . .
1 he cons'able 0:1 mard. lmftir. bad b;a
horses ; the other
on laughing, and
well phased -. au. in shert the two fugitive
moun id tmir'lior.aes and rede off. They found
no neccs,siy tV., or even exhibit arms, though
both wire tre4f aruI. sAT they left Bothwell,
however, theie d.f1uCuiy'ommenced. Mr.
Smyth chaT":.Ors nd ctVwith Mr. Mitch
il a id t! r artid agd fexie different way
Ihrnufhf tl f fh ,JSotJW IJ i the central ro-
! tvP OTufWri. lr. Mitchel .
I na,:'eii M w "ltks ttfi-' 'Lat day in the Island,
I Wl,hr,ut bl5a? a,jIe toget n be ard a ship, though
WRS imDud'a r"ctd at his service by a
' r'atno'ic ' owner cf Sydnev. Af er manT
. ... . - - -
....... au m lies riaing. and in several chsr,uise. he
at lengihgot ofi" uneler an assumed name, in a
Bri ish vessd, which, at Tahiti, was fortunately
over akin by the American barque Julia Ann,
bearing his wife and family, under Mr. Smyth's
escort, to San Francisco. At Tahiti Mr. Mitchel
ws. transhipped, and now stands free on Ameri
uC?iIe-re is Washington's opinion of Dancing;.
It will be interesting at this time:
Gentlemen: Mrs. Washing'on and myself Lave
been hono-e-d with vour nolite invitation tn iw
I assemblies of Alexandra ihis winter, and thank
j you f.r this mark of j our attention. But, alas ?
I ever, all those who relish so innocent and aerr-J
, our danc.ng days are no more !
tVa t. V. w
able an amusement, all the pliasure the season
I fl"ord " rn and am. gentlemen, your most
oo ment ana ooiigea numbie servant.
C7The majority for Price, the Democratic
candidate for Governor of 2ew Jersey, is over