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DEMOfRAT AM) Si::
"WH. B. SIFES, Xditor and Proprietor.
Prluted for the Proprlflor by H.LIIilngtr.
Ebensburgr, I'xlday Xov. lSt 1S.)3.
V. B. l'ALMER, the. American Newspaper
.Agent, is fAe only aull.tj htd Aytiit for lliis pnper
in the cities of Boston, New York nnd Pliilaeh-lpliin.
and is duly empowered to take advertisements nnd
subscription at the rates required by us. His re
ceipU will be regarded as payments. His cilices
lire Bostou, Scrdlay's Building; New York. Trib
une Buildings ; Philadelphia, N. W. corner Third
and Chestnut ifts.
WILLI 01 BIGLER.
. Subject tothe decision oj the Democratic Co:.vcnti;ii.l
jf" The Editor of this paper will be absent for
some time, but during Ids absence the paper will
le conducted as usual. Money due the estab
lishment can be paid to Andrew J. lllicy, or Rob
ert Litzinger, whose receipt will always l-c rec
This body will meet next Monday week, and
already a large numWr of numl-ers of both Hou
ses have arrived at "Washington. There will no
doubt be a full attendance in each house i;Kn
the opening of the session, and many important
measures arc likely to Ik? discussed and dec;. led
this winter. The Presidents message will lie
looked for with much interest. In alluding to it,
a Washington letter to the Baltimore Sun. says :
" The message will be a hard paper throughout
strong on the compromise, strong on the Sand
wich Islands, strong on Mexico, strong on Cuba,
and clearly in favor of extending the area o( free
dom in the aggregate."
We have received the first number of the paper
bearing this title, which has been recently estab
lished in Westmoreland county, and published
by Messrs. Kecnan and Klingcnsmith. Its ap
pearance is neat, and the editorial columns indi
cate that it will be conducted with ability. The
tone of the paper is fearless and independent, and
we have no doubt it will be an efficient exponent
of the principles and policy of the Democratic
party. It takes strong ground in favor of the
re-nomination of Gov. Bigler, and thus responds
to the wishes of the party throughout the State.
"We welcome the editors to the "corps editorial,"
and have no doubt that their enterprise will be
properly sustained by the democracy of old West
moreland. Indiana Branch.
ine worx on ine irancit ot the rcnnsvivania i
Rail Road, extending from B'airsville to Indiana,
is progressing rapidly. The Blairsville Ajala
ch5.ni says : "We understand that the work o:i
the remaining sections of the Inditum. l'.r.-uich ,
(being all north of iilackliek.) lias been allotted to
Messrs. T. Collins & Co., of Cambria county, and
the work will be commenced without de-lav."
The engineer corps employed on the surveys
for this road, have suspended operations for the
winter, having completed the preliminary sur
veys. In consequence of this, an impression has
gone abroad that the road has been abandoned,
but we are assured that there is no foundation
for this report. A committee of the Directors are
now in the cast on business connected with the
road, and give very encouraging accounts of the
prospects of obtaining " material aid" for the en
terprise. The importance of this great work to
the iulcrests of Philadelphia, is well appreciated
by the enlightened business men of that city, and
there is good reason to expect that the anticipa
tions of aid from that quarter will be realized.
There is no such idea on the part of the President
and Directors, as the abandonment of the road ;
although the prevailing tightness of the moiiev
market renders the obtaining of means at the pre
sent time a little more difficult than it otherwise
wonld have been, and may slightly retard the
progress of the work. These considerations and
the approach of winter make it prudent and pro
per to suspend field operations for the present,
particularly as the preliminary surveys are fin
ished. Maps.&c, of the work will bo prepared
during the winter, and the Engineer in charge,
Mr. Clarke, will be engaged in making more de
tailed estimates ef the work, and preparing In-
the final location of the road eai ly in the spring.
. Mysterious Land.
The last California steamer brings accounts of
discovery of the ruins of certain cities, crnUisoni
ed in the Rocky Mountains, in the icinity of the
Mormon settlements ofUrah. The se cities were
passed through by Capt. Walker, in 1850. who.
with the exception of Lieut. Real, is the only
person who has accomplished so great an exploit.
Capt. Walker hasrevealeel mtny interesting par
ticulars in regard to the loca'ity, which cannot
fail to elicit great attentiou and awaken profound
interest. He found there the ruins in a state of
great perfection. The streets w ere well defined,
and many of the buildings were in a remarkable
state of preservation; the stone and brick bavin"
the appearance of being glazed, as though they
had been passed over by a raging confiagretion.
Capt. W. also asserts that he has discovered in
that section a race of Albinos, who are probablv
thc descendants of those who erected the buil
dings. Here are indeed prolific sources of repu
tation, either to prove Capt. Walker's humbug,
or to discover who were the possessors of these
ities, when they existeel, and what caused their
destruction. Phila. Sun.
Expedition" to the Amazon-. An entcrpnze
has been projected in New York which promises
to open a new market for our manufactures and
extend our commerce into regions where it has
never before penetrated. A company with a
capital of S100.000 proposes to send a first class
river steamer, loo feet long, now nearly reaely
for sea, on a trotting voyage to the head waters of
the Amazon. ;Of the capiud, it is said, GO.UOU
U alrc-ady 4u'cribd.
NEWS AND MISCELLANY.
CI. G. M'Kinlcy has purchased the interest
of J. M. G. Lescure in the Democratic Union, and
will hereafter conduct that paper himself. Mr
M'Kinlcy will publish an v excellent pemocratib
. gjJhe- fictions in Mississippi and Missouri
have gone Democratic, of course. Massachusetts
'is joined to her idols," and those idols are
Whigs. Well, nobody will cry over her less.
3rThey are talking of annexing the Sandwich
1 Islands to this Republic- We need them and
! must have them, and the soor.er we get them the
- W karu .that the Prcsienti Message will
be sent to the postmasters of the most important
cities in adtancc, to be given to the newspapers
the moment it is presented to Congress.
iHTThe applications for nt-w banks to be made
to the next Legislature of Pennsylvania, exceed
in amount el capital seven million of dollars, and
for re charters and extensions of capital, over six
millions together, about thirteen and three quar
ter millions of dollars ! . . . ,
A man and w ifo who had taken foivible
possession of a certain tenement in the city of
Pittsburgh, and which they resolutely refused to
vacate, were provided wiili lodgings at the expen
ce of Allegheny-county a few days since. ,
C7" Mt. Raker, one of the Cascade range of
mountains, was in a state of eruption during
last winter, casting forth fire and lava.
C"7 The Liquor Law has Ikcii defeated in
It is stated that the party who went to
Europe to negotiate Virginia sixes for some rail
road companies in that state, has written home
that lie has a propositions for three millions of
dollars from capitalists in Paris.
Cr The annual immigration of foreigners to
New York is at the nrte of about a thousand a
day. What country, Ix-sieles this, could receive
a tliiily- accession of such a Hpulatien, without
its lieing followed by revolution and disorder?
Vet this is only what is received at one port.
Uv' On the tanks of the Miami canal may be
daily seen females of ge-rman descent engaged in
unloading and loading boats. They arc said to
be able to i as mue-h work as common laborers,
and they receive nearly the same wages Cin.
17" The Relgian Royal Family are now on a
i isit to Cousin Victoria, in England. The royal
party consist of tJic King of the Belgians, their
royal highnesses, the Duke and Duchess e!e Bra
bant the Count ele Flandres, and the Prine:ess
Charlotte, of Belgium.
C7" A wag. observing a fellow steal a fish and
put it under his jacket, which was too short to
conceal the thief, halloed to the purloiner to wear
in future, a longer jacket, or to steal a shorter
Ca'A Ghost " Story" is rife in Wetzel county,
a. The ghost ofa inau murdered some time
sif, it is said, has appeared, and demanded ven
geance on his murderer and a man pointed out as
the murderer has actually been arrested.
T7 On a recent trial, an Irishman, with char
acteristic obliquity of spece'h, after scratching his
bead, sai'A ' lri. jmir lnnwr, Iitit livi rcmcmWr,
cr if I do, I forgot it now."
7"" Is them fellers alive now V said an ur
chin to his teacher. " Wiiat fellow do you mean
my dear?" "Why, Paul and Luke, and Deu
teronomv, and them."
Zr Tuk Pittsburg Dispatch says the employ-
men. of women a compositors on that paper is
no longer an experiment, but a fixed fact
mass of the daj' work will he-reafter be performed
by them. They work about nine hours a elay,
and ret'ive at present three dollars per week.
As they improve in usefulness they will receive
CC7' It is stated that the whole revenue of the
Pennsylvania Railroad din ing the present year is
j likt,v to out a fraction less than three milli
nfiU-Uu a. Up to the first of the present month
the ivctips since January Is, amounted to $2 -
C7 The Johnstown Echo takes decided grounds
in favour of the enactment ofa prohibitory liquor
A letter from Mr. Parker, in China, mentions
a rumor which was circulated in Canton on the
:ird of September, that the Enperor of China, Heen
Fung, fled to Tartary 011 the 2nd of Augest, and
that Prince Wei Chin was left in charge of the
Empire, thc"rel,els being at that time within six
days' march of Pekin.
The Overland mail, which reached England on
the 18th tilt., brought advices from Hong Kong
to the 'Jth, and from Canton to the 5th of Sej
tember ; yet in none of the papers or letters is any
menf ion made of such a rumor. On the conlra-
j sirred by the Emperor, of a date subsequent to
that assigned as the period of his flight. This
fact alone, to say nothing of the silence of the
Chinese eorresiKindenec, woulel seem to dispose of
the rumor in question.
A letter from Canton, elated September 0th,
published in the London Daily Ncics, states that
the report was current and widely believed, that
Pekin had fallen into the hands af the insurgents:
but that no one was in a position to sa3" with aii
degree ofcentainty that such was the case. From
Amoy news is brought up to the 1st ofSeptem
ler. On the 2oth of August, an Imperialist
fleet of some fifty junks made an attack upon
the city, cannonading it for several hours, du
ring which time another fleet of equal size came
up, landeel their crews, and destroyed several vil
lages in the neighUrhood. By the 27th, about
six thousand government troops had been landed,
and arrived within four or five miles of tlie city,
and on the 20th they captured four hundred of
the insurgents, whom the immediately beheaded.
Up to the 1st of September nothing further of
importance had taken place, and the insurgents
continued in peaceable possession of the city.
The Pekin Gazette, continued to announce vic
tories over the rebels, but its bulletins command
ed little creelit. There eeU,s little room to
doubt that the insurgents M ere making steady
progress, and that the . capital of the Empire
would speedily fall into their hands. But there
is not authentic information, as yet, of the actu
al occurrence of that evtnt... Y.. Times.
The Greatest Enterprise of the Age.
The Atlantic and Pacific Railroad.
Senator Gwin, of California, has already reach
eel Washington. He is one of the ablest cham
pions ofa railroad to the Pacific, and he returns
to the Senate determined to employ nil his ener
gies in an effort to induce Congress to sanction
the measure, and at the earliest moment possible.
During the last session he made a powerful
speech upon the subject. It was wielely circula
ted, anel well received throughout the whole
country. Senator Rusk, of Texas, will also lie
found one of the most zealous and untiring aelvo
cates of a great iron highway to the Pacific,
while Mr Benton will doubtless lead the movement-
in the House. This subject will, indeed,
constitute one of the most interesting and impor
tant that will le discussed by the new Congress.
It will tind many advocates in loth Houses, and
not a fe'w outside ; but we have reason to believe,
nevertheless, that there will also le active oppo
nents. Tt is rare, indeed, that a great enterprise
of the kind is discussed, that croakers and fault
finders do not start up. A hope was at first in
dulged that the Administration would lead all its
aid to the undertaking, and woulel endeavor to
make it a Government measure. But this has
been abandoned. President Pierce will rcceni
menel a road in general terms, but he wiBnt en
deavor to make it a Government measure The
opjosition that has already leen manifested in
the South has ahinned and intimielatcchim.
The Representatives of the Western St ties, and
especially of California, will exert them Ives to
the utmost. j
The road is regarded as one of the greit essen
tials of the time, and it cannot be commenced
too soon. AVitliout being blodged to anyiiartic
ular route, and having no interests to observe,
except those of the nation at large, welromise
to lend our humble aid to the furtherancand fi
nal completion of this immense enterprise and
this, as we doubt not, is the dispositii of the j
press ircnerallv. T4.o road must h.. biiH nn.l I
its commencement should not be delayd a mo
ment longer than is necessary. The ilvv Con
gress shoulel not adjourn without adoping the
preliminary measure with reference to tits great
scheme of internal communication. All the lea
ding facts will doubtless be at the conrhand of i
the gentlemen we have named above.Messrs !
Gwin, Rusk and Benton. They have pad great
attention to the subject, and are prepared to
speak advisedly. They arc, moreover, from j
States that have, perhaps, a deeper iiterest in
this vast scheme than any others in tie l"nien,
vix : California, Texas and Missouri. "Several
Surveying Expeditions are now out, asauthori
zed by the last Congress, and it is to Je hoped
that the reports will be reaely early in thctfession.
The fact that thousands of adventures, with
teams and cattle in great numbers, piss from
Missouri ami other (toints to Califorlia every
year, is conclusive, mt only as to tie neces
sity of such a road, but as to the fea.-ibility of
the enterprise. ;
Indeed, it is conceded that several roites have
already leen discovered that are altoget ie-r avail
able. The difficulty will be to decideupon the
best, and in discussing this point, mud precious
time will be lost. It is to be hoped, however,
that the master-spirits of the movement will get
to!!""".. nmr-" decide upon vouie fair
and liberal plan and determine upon co-epcration
in urging and advocating it before the K-presen-tives
of the people. Such an understanding
would not only prevent unnecessary delay, but it
would secure the completion of the meascre at the
! earlist moment possible. At tast n.nl
j mo.st favorable auspices, the work will te one of
j years, and hence the necessity of protrpt dee-is -
I loll. 1L tdil lil:m taml rmitf otwl on.-1.-Iwnlnn
Our possessions on the Pacific are e cry hour
increasing in value, and extraordinary as are the
results at the present time, they are as nothing-
compared with what we may anticipate twenty , for Rio Janeiro, (as we learn from the New York
or thirty years hence. At this moment the an- j Courier.) authorized and instmeteet to endeavor
nexation of the Sandwich Islands is r-eriously to negoe iate a treaty giving to this country the
contemplated, while Commander Perry , has had j right of free navigation of the Amazon. He suc
his fust interview with the Japanese authorities, j ceeeled with some difficulty in effecting this ob
and will in the Spring endeavor to procute a favo- ject. and has obtained from the Brazilian Gov
rablc commercial treaty. A line of Steamers be- j ernmcnt a treaty conferring upon American citi
tween San Francisco, the Sandwich Island and ; zens full and free right to navigate the Amazon
China, er Japan, or India, or, peradvetture. all j within the territories of Brazil. As Peru has al
three, may he considered as among the probable j ready conferred the same right, the navigation of
enterprises of the day, and hence, we reycat, the ! that magnificent river, from its source to its
immediate necessity as of an early commence- j mouth, is now open to the enterprise of our coun
ment of the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad. The j trymen. The Courier adds :
subject is so vast and involves interest so vari- I From Kio Janeiro Mr. Bennett went to Bahia,
mis and of such magnitude, that it is impossible to ontcr the duties of his Consulate. Upon
to discuss it withui the limits of a newscaner ar- :.. .v.. t. r.,..j -u v J .
tide. The effect upon the western country it
self will be magical. Whole regions of land that
are now cemiparativcly deserted and useless, will
pe dotted with cities, towns, and villages, and
oecome ine aixxtes of thousands and tens of
thousaiuls of human beings.
, Invaluable mineral and othor resources will be
discovered and a new impulse will be given to em
igration, industry, and enterprise. The masses
b. Old World will be re-awakened to the won
ders of the New, ttu.i tLc lhins liae tlurtaI.
ready pours fonvard to the extent of more than
ouetlwusau.I human beimr- A will increase
in volume, and still further contribute to popu
late the forests and prairies of the fertile and
mighty M ost. Phil. Inq.
Territorial Extent of the Unied States
The final report of the seventh census of the
United States is now passing through the press.
It will consist of a single quarto volume of twelve
hundred pages, and will be ready for distribution
at the opening of the next session of Congress.
This volume is filleel with valuable statistics, not
the least interesting of which are those in refer
ence to the extent of the terriories of the United
States. Even Young America may pause in
its annexation enthusiasm to admire the expansive
ness of the Republic, the total area of w hich in
cluding the territories, is set down at 2,981,123
square miles. " The territorial extent of the
Republic is nearly ten times as large as that of
Great Britain and Fiance combined; tlirce times
as large as France, Great Britain, Austria, Prus
sia, Spain, Portugal, Belgium, Holland and Den
mark together ; one and a half as large as the
Russian Empire in Europe ; one-sixth less only
than the area covered by the fifty-nino or sixty
Empires, States and Republics of Europe ; of
equal extent with the Roman Empire, or that of
Alexander, neither of which is said to have ex
ceeded 3,000,000 square miles." The total area
of North America u 3,273,043 square miles.
Interesting from Washington.
Our Washington correspondent sends us intel
ligence of considerable interest concerning the
Sandw ich Islands project of annexation, and al
so concerning Mexican affairs. It seeihs that a
letter has been received from an arm 3' ofCccr on
the Rio Grande, that two members of the Mexi
can Ministry at the termination of the war with
the United States, who took an active part in
promoting the expulsion of Santa Anna, have
leen summarily shot without even the form ofa
trial. One of them was Luis de la Rosa, who
was formerly Mexican Minister at Washington.
This intelligence is regarded as very important, as
indicating the determination of Santa Anna to
Ins ascendency and to act with absolute indepen
dence in his position. It is known that he is
personally disposed to sell further portions of
territory to the United States, and also to release
us from our treaty stipulations concerning the
Indians of New-Mexico, for a consideration : and
the issue of this affair will test his ability t J car
ry out such an arrangenu-nt.
From the Sandwich Islands there is every pros
pect of an early application for annexation to the
United States : and there is no doubt that it
will be favorably receiveel by our Government.
In addition to the statements of our correspon
dent, we learn from reliable private sources, that
the sentiments of the people of Hawaii are almost
unanimous in favor of annexation. King Kamc
hameha is said to be anxious for its consumma
tion, and his sons are said to have j-iclded all
their former objections. At a meeting of the
Cabinet held after Dr. Judd's retirement, every
niemler voted for it except Mr. "Wyllie, Minister
of Foreign Affairs, who is a Scotchman, and
warmly opposed to it. There is scarcely a doubt
entertained in the island of the speedy consum
mation of the scheme. We presume there will
be very little difference of opinion in regard to the
measure, in the United States. The time has gone
bv wnen the American people were alraiel ot their
own increasing shadow. X. Y. Times.
The " Social Rkvolitiox. According to the
Western Star, neither the prevailing prosjierity
of the country, nor the lateness of the season,
seems to lessen the tide of emigration from that
quarter. During the last week Tast numlcrs
I have emigrated to the United States and the
j On Inquiry, it appeareel that in every install
I ces the passage money had been remitted by
j friends who had already emigrated. The same
journal thus refers to the introduction into Gal
way of the system eif Scotch farming : " On Thurs
day last nearly 1000 slice ps arrived here from
Scotland, per special train and steamer. They
were forwarded by Mr. Arthur Pollock, of Glas
glow, to his property in this neighborhood, lately
purchased in the Encumbered Estates' Court,
from Mr. J. B. West. We understand that Mr.
Pollock intends to farm the whole of this im
mense property himself, and has engaged four
stewards for the purjose. While a large propor
tion of the property must le kept in pasture, the
amount cultivated it is understood, will be the
largest under the direction of one individual in
the country. Though we deeply sympathise with
the tenantry, who will be obligi-tl to leave the old
" homesteails of their fathers," we have 110
doubt that the extensive scale of farming alluded
to will ultimately be the most beneficial to the
county. The late changes in landed propietary
of the west of Ireland, along with emigration, is
fast lessening the numtars of the Celtic race, and
occasioning a new phase in the aspect of the
country. A peaceful and social revolution is at
work, uneepialled in the annals of history."
Navigation of the Amazon.
Mr. Bennett, recently appointed United States
Consul to Bahia, in Brazil, has returned home.
He sailed from New Vork some three months ago
i 11 iiiit in mm cii v 11c louuu me neiiuoer 01 Y-
merican vessels touching or trading there to be so
small, anel the emoluments of the office conse
quently so trifling, that his reasonable expecta
tions were disappointed. The entire fees paid to
the American Consul at that pert amount to only
$700 per annum, while the British Consul re
ceives a salary of about 53000 per annum, in ad
dition to his fees. L'nder these circumstances
Mr. Bennett decided to resign the office, anel sail
ed from Bahia on the 9th of last ;nioiUh in the
Talbot. He lias in his possession the treaty
which he has negociatcd, and we understand will
proceed at once to "Washington, to place the dor
ument oelore the President. It is unfortunate
that one who has so effectually accomplished so
great an object could not have remained to ad-
l" T1 1 ft fn tun, I. .4 . i . 1
.U..v.v. u.t .mute mien-sis 01 mc commerce 01 our
country in Brazil."
American- Ixgexiitv. Among the multitudi
ntms objects in the Patent Office, at "Washing
ton, (says an exchange,) and which evince what
skill can do, "is an invention which picks up
pins from a confused heap, turns them all around
with their heads up, and sticks in papers in reg
ular rows, another goes through the whole pro
cess of cigar making, taking in tobacco leaves,
and turning out the perfect article. One ma
chine cuts cheese ; another scours knives and
forks ; another blacks boots ; another rocks the
cradle ; and seven or eight take in washing and
ironing. Another patent is for a machine that
counts the passengers in an omnibus and takes
their fare. When a fat man gets in, it counts
two, and charges double. There are a variety of
guns that load themselves ; a fish line that ad
justs its own bait ; a rat trap that throws away
the rat, and then baits and sets itself, and stands
in the corner for another.
E7" A worm, an eighth of an inch in length,
was removed from the eye of George Keeny, in
Pittsburg, a few days since by a surgical operation.
Arrival of the Steamship Arabia.
TirREE DAYS LATER FROM EUROPE.
New York. Nov. 17. The steamer Arabia has
arrived bringing Liverpool dates of November
The Arabia brought 134 passengers.
The clipper ship Challenge had put Into Fayal,
leaky. This is the vessel whose captain was
lately so ill while at the Chincha Islands.
The latest accounts from the Principalities
state that Bucharest and other cities had been
placed in a state of siege. Any one found in cor
respondence with the Turks will be shot.
The Turkish fleet left the Bosphorus on the
25th for the Black Sea. .
Rumors ofa pacific termination of the difficul
ty were current. It is said that a conference of
the Powers in reference to the future prospects of
Turkey would be held at London. It was also
said that Austria would resume mediation, as
she said that her efforts in favor of a pacific ter
mination of the difficulty will not be fruitless.
TIIK KASTER.V QUESTION-.
Reliable intelligence from the East was very
scanty. It was true that the Turks hael crossed
the Danube and occupied KalaQtt, and it was re
ported that the Russians had repulsed thcui near
Fighting in Asia was aiso reported to have ta
ken place. The mountaineers of Cire-assia and
Daghistan had defeated the Russians and captu
red some of their boats.
Prince Paskiewitch has set out to take com
mand of the Russian army in the Principali
ties. It was now stated positively that the Austrian
Envoy has pressed on the Sultan to accept a new
note which the Czar had approved on the condi
t km that it was accepted by the Sultan without
modification. The tfiorts of diplomacy were
now directed to securing the joint assent of the
Sultan anel Czar to that note.
There was talk of tpening the Turkish loan in
the United States.
The allied fleets were collecting in the Se-a of
Marmora, having been dispersed by a storm.
LATEST AND IIKJIILT IMPORTANT KRUI THE IWS-
Liverpool, Nov. 5. By sub marine tele graph
intelligene-c has been received that lighting be
tween the Turks and Russians was procH.-ding
briskly in Wallachia. A body of 2,000 Turks
appeared at Glurgeos and attacked the town.
This brought on an engagement with the Rus
sian force despatched to the assistance of the
place, and great slaughter ensued. Another en
counter took place between 4,0tK) Turks and a
like number of Russian cavalry, between Kalafat
and Sothia, when the Russians were lorccd to re
treat. ENGLAND A.VIJ IRELAVD.
Great inundations had iaken place in the
south of Irelaud. Much damage was done at
The premises of J. P. Hutchinson &. Co., Ame
rican merchants at Ioinkn, had been accidently
burned. They were insured.
The ship Victoria, which left Glasgow on thv
4th for New York, took fire in the river, aud was
burned to the water's edge.
Much alarm was felt at Naples of an anticijia
tod Freitc-h invasion now that diplomatic rela
tions iK'twcen the two countries were suspend
ed. Mr. Owen, Unite.! States Consul, has arrived
A naturalized American, named raicir, had
been kept in custoely at Ane-ona by the Austrian
authorities on no charge, except that of enter
taining libcial sentiments. The American Con
sul had iuterposed, and, after numerous delays,
Papeir was finally liberated. He was, however,
still kept under surveillance, because here-fused
to sign a declaration that he would never again
visit Italy. This seems to be a case demanding
the prompt action of the United States.
TCHKEY AND RUSSIA.
Omar Pasha, before crossing the Danube ad
drcssed a spirited proclamation to the army, stir
ring up their patriotism anel declaring he would
"sacrifice his boely and soul, to be revenged on
the invaders of his country."
He kept his word as to the Russian evacuation
of the Principalities, and at the expiration of the
fifteen days, commenced hostilities in all direc
tions, and in good earnest. During the interim
of fifteen days, the Turks were actively employ
ed in transporting troops to cei'Iain portions of
the Danube, from which they could cross with
little further obstacle to the opposite banks hc2;'
by the Russians.
The passage of the Danube by the Turks under
command of Omar Pasha was effected without
The reason assigned for the evacuation of Kal
afat by the Russians, was the great mortality
which prcvaileel among the troops in the different
It was rumored, however, that the Russians
afterwards returned toKaiafat, and in a pitched
tti ii-i vUrftraii-i iiie Turks.
The main force of the Russians were in a posi
tion near Bucharest, where several hundred pie
ces of artillery were posted, aud every preparation
made for defence.
There were rumors prevalent that Rescind
Pacha had retired fivm the ministry.
In the conflict at Giurgcous, which is stated
to have been very desperate, the Ti.rl
the worst of the fight and retreated up the river
densely followed by the Russians. '
The Turks respect all foreign property under
the Austrian flag.
Another despatch from Vienna, by way oXPar
is, under daU of November 3d, announces that a
battle had taken place near Kalafat between the
Turks and Russians. The Turks numbered 8,
000, and tlie Russian force was only 2,500. The
engagement was a desperateone, andlasted about
two hours, when the Russians retreated with a
Prince Gortchakoff had left Bucharest for Kar
aiova. His departure produced a profound sen
sation. A battle was expected to take place in
that direction. Karaiova was full of Russian
It was supposed that the Russians would
purposely allow a considerable portion ofthe
Turks to establish themselves in Lesser Walla
chia, in order to bring them to battle as soon as
possible ; and a3 the Knssitms felt confident of
victory, they would, after driving back ti
Turks, quietly await the settlement of the a5eir
on such terms as the great European powers
Thccombined fleets of England and France lie
at Lapsa, in the Dardanelles.
Theorte .bad despatched Namir Pasha to
Paris and London on a special mission
All the Russian subjects in Turkey areplact-i
under the protection of Aastria.r - .
A refugee tumult bad taken place at Pera.
French and English officers were arriving i;,
Turkey in considerable numbers.
The Great European powers were actively t
work to check hostilities.
With regard to the new note reported to lave
been drawn up at the sailing of the Baltic, it u
stated tliat the Czar accepted it on condition that
England and Franc j would guarantee the S ul -tan's
acceptance, which, however, it is under
stood those countries decliued to do, neither be
ing disposed to use coercion. The Czar declared
that this would be the lat propositio tlmt ho
would make or accept.
A grand council of the Turkish dignitaries.it
was believed, was about to be called together iu
Turkey, to consult on the subject.
OMAR PACHA'S r-kOCLAMATIOX.
The following proclamation was addressed by
Omar Pacha to the Turkish troops previous to hn
crossing the Danube :
Imperial Soldiers : when firm and courage
ous, we shall engage the enemy, we will not
fly but sacrifice both body and soul to be aveng
ed. Look to the Koran ; on the Koran we have
sworn. You are Musselmans, and I doubt not
you -are read- to sacrifice lxdy and soul for your
religion and government. But if there be anion
you a single man afraid of war, let him say so,
for it is dangerous to face the enemy with such
men. He who is under a feeling of fear .should!
employed in hospitals or other occupations ; but
he who remains with us and turns his back on
the enemy, shall be shot. Let courageous men.
who have long manifested their devotedness tj
their religion and throne, remain ! Their hearts
are united with God, and if faithful to religion,
they will prove themselves brave. God will a
suredly give them victory. Soldiers ! lrt us pu
rify our hearts, and then put confidence in a
God. Let us do battle sacrificoursclvc3 like
our ancestors, and as they bequeathed our coun
try and our religion, to us, we ought to bequeath
them to our duldern. You are all aware that
the great object ef tins life- is to serve God and
the Sultan worthily, and thus win Heaven ! Sol
diers, may God protect all who- have the honor tei
believe and serve in these Principalities..
"The Universal prudery," saj-s Mr.Brace, in his
Home Life in Germany, " which so hampers a
man in America, and makes him ignore half the
facts of life, for fear of treading on some unknown
tlclicate sensibility, is never seen in European
circles. It is boldly assumed, what every one
knows to be the fact, that loth sexes are equally
aware ofa great variety of things : anel where the
allusion is natural, 110 one troubles himself about
it. There were in our com pany, two who were
inviteel as betrothed, nnd I was very much struck
with their manners towards each other. 1 think
iu an Anglo-Saxon company, the fact would have
dropied out of view as much as possible, and
certainly the slightest expression of their feelings
would have been intensely dreaded by the partie.
But here there was, the whole evening, an un-
consitus beutiful expression of affection and
cemfidence, which really, I think, gladdened the
whole company. You never thought of watch
ing them for it, but you never thought of any
thing cslsc with them. Love seemed te speak out
as naturally from their tones, and glances, and
manner as friendly feeling did with ns. Nothing
Vise would have ; e-euied in place. It was above
criticism above surprise, even though if any othr
ofthe young bachelors were like myself, they re
tired with a sufficiently vivid appreciation of the
woes of bachelordoui. I often have observed this
naturalness of expression among the Germans.
It is more apparent in the families, of course.
There are nct in all my ruetmries so warm and
glowing, as some of these families in North
Germany ; families where the look and language
of affection were not blurred by their everlasting
formalism, and coldness, and selfishness, which
hangs over our Irouseholds ; where love was with
out dissimulation, nevilier worn- for duty, nor
worn for effect ; where mutual kindaess and self
sacrifice and affection had so long been, that the
very air and aspect seemed to welcome and sun
Pacific Railroad. The New York Tribute
publishes iu? following list of directors to what
is called the Moonsliirc Railroad :
Levi S. Chatfield, Sanelford E. Church, Orvflle
Clark, Caleb S- Woodhull, f Y ; Cyrus Main;
Geo. Ashmun. Mass.; T. ButieT Kng. G-; Alfred
Gillmore, Penn.; Francis M. Dimon, 5. I.- Rob't
J. Walker. Washington: Elon Farnsworth, 2&di.;
Wm. Noyes, Penn.; Jeptha Fowler, Tenn.: Tho.
J. Greea. California: Anson Jones. Levi Jones.
W. R. D. Ward, Texas; James S. Lucas, Mo
Isaac E. Holmes, South Carolina ; Nathaniel T.
Green. North Carolina: Philip T. Thomas, Mary
land: II. B. Spelman. SamT Waggoner, Ohio; Gw
W. Underbill, Ark.: E. T. Bridge, N. J.
Mr. Robert J. Walker is the great saowplovr
of this scheme, who has subscribed", and" for
ought we know, paid down the trifle of ten mil
lions to the capital stock, but his name is almost
out of sight in the middle of the long list of di
rectors. If the names are printed in the order
of their relative subscription to the stock, w
should conclude that some of the gentlemen conv
posing the Board have forked over some twenty
or thirty millions apiece.
Bibto Extr-aor D!na.rt. Tho Troy papers
state that a lady residing in the South part of
that place gave birth to three children on Mon
day morning, one of which was alive, the other
two dead. The dead children wore united to
gether from the breast to the lower extremity of
the bodies the other portions being separate and
natural. It is the opinion of physicians that
they possess only one heart which extends into
both bodies. The children are preserved in spir
its, and it is the intention ofthe father to keep
them as curiosities. This was a most remarka
ble aud curious obstetrical case, and the union of
the children an unusual curiosity. The paper
say the mother aud child are doing well.