Newspaper Page Text
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THE BLESSIXaS OF GO VER XML'XT, LIKE THE DEWS OF HEAVES, SHOULD BE DISTRM'JTE!) ALIKE, UPOX THE HIGH IX!) THE LOW, THE RICH AXD THE TOOR.
&, iU ill id i&
PA. WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 3, 1864.
VOL. 11 NO. 31.
TTTTFTT75 j An Address to tle Seoj!e ol'llie
Wiiiu o a -
U B tt-tfUt L A T
xLr is publi.ihed every We.ltifss.ia
i uning, at Two Poi.laus per annum, j
i -livable in advance; Two Doi.lai.s and
'Vwkviy t'lVK Cr.sTs, if not paid within ,
,1- m..nl!.c :.ll,l TWO DllT.r.AIiS ANI Fit'- i
. it ...oil ). tcrmitiiifnui CrCSS, political! V
of the year, l-edcral A.lminisrraiion, ami icp i-sc uuii
wui ue rt'ccivfa ir a . uie opposition i-mun M-iunnuiii. ii
con:. ;rv, we :i Mrc.-s onrselvi s to tne noo
plo of the United States, and our objoet
ly tit lite ltcslf h lalt'M
tvliu ii Adiitre to Ie i ctieriia
As nirmbers of the Tiiirty-i-L-htU Con-
.'tlt.J'i- -irilHlwi.il to tfli t'lVSCllt
Jcew diickson i; 1S28, and against ?Jr. I been much less sati.-factory.
:,o sub.sei ii.ti.'ii
? . . i
sii .;Ut ionl tlian inoiili:--, ami no i
subfciribt-r will b: at liberty to iliscontiaue ;
'.I- juipor iiiuil all iirrearngt s are ;aid, ex
i i t at the option of the editor. Any per-w.-n-bubM-ribiiij:
f r si m.intlis wi! I e cliur-p-d
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-uidess t!ie. money is paid in advance,
One insert'it. Two iV-. Three. .
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; will bo to snow as far as may be done
j within the limits of an address that there
is jiood reason for changing the Adminis
tration ami roiiev ot tins ijeiierai ijov-
cl-.CtiollS of tiK
It is oi
av in p!
.' -v of tl
r s. !l! d cutiv'u-tion that men
hlie. slut: -n, who C"iil;ol the
c ( io- (.-rnment, cann-t or will
P ri'-ini the -lu'ies wh'u-h .nr.- i.ec- s.- i-
5liUSinf"v 1 ai U:5.
AS. A ; .'iv
ry to sove the connlry and perpetuate lis
libi-rt'n -. Mai.y of tin in are i-nn s-cil by
political and personal djrt ts whi h do not
coinport with tin- public welfare, and will
lio. MibstTxc i' : others have fal-e or per
'.;:;.! ; ws ; f :.:ir vsti :n cf free (1-iV-
ci i!n; nf. or i:ii'HVi 1V iki.-si.:!!.- laei;
V:; t i A.1
-1 vAil. l.i.-
I V ' ("'.'
; a , t . , V
povcrle.-s to check
s at' no
it n::at.'e r.-n !o se-
ihii-i lit j. v.x 'i litivc
CfSlc: ('o!'.;"a:!" row.
. - r
- - n
-!... I- - h
-i : -. ' t ,
i j . i
: l ol li:.' c--aiii.lv
. :a!s a - will prev. i-i
;. i c-. -nomv a
:f:S:!v tl!!piTt.--l bv
i---..r,"i th.- IViM-bi
a;; 1 ii-.:ii th-- maj-'iity in
who-n n II re;. o ..-t: a cc
.-rmi.eid wo'i'.d ! wa-t d,
!u-i to i-or ('.-'!. as -:-onnt'
v I'.i-'i n-
! ..j' f!:.i
V i i
: I I '
'x-'::i a oi
to U 1
':. l -... . ::
:t 1 1
1 1 .
' ihern to
- a i ' ''per
111 1' IW
Polk in 1811; and it embraces that
school of opinion in this country which
has always held to extreme action by the
General (lovii iiiiKid, favoritism to par
ticular interests, usurpation of State
powers, large public expenditures, and,
generally, to constructions of the constitu
tion w hich favor Federal authority, nr. I
extend its pretentions. 15e.-id-.-s, it is
e-entially s.etional and aggressive, the
cry vi" bo lime-it of that disunion parfy-i.-iu
foreseen and denounced by Washing
Ton and .laekson in those farewell ad
dresses v. hidi they left on record for the
instri.ctiori of their countrymen, and by
Henry Clay, in a memorable address to
th Legislature of Kentucky. That it
could not safely be c:.tri;stv.u with the
powers of the Federal Government is a
ci n'-lusioii which inevitably results from
this stat mi' nt of its composition and
ch:ra:'p. r. I it the question is no longer
one of mere opinion or conjecture. I lav
ing been tri- d by the actual possession of
Government powers and been permitted
to exhibit fiilly its true nature, it has coin
pL-telv justified the th.'i ry which condemns
it, us will plainly appear from consi d -rim
i articular measures of policy pursued by
it. From among these we shall s. 1-et
.-everal fir pai!i-nlar examination, in or
der that our gen-Tal assertion of republi
can unfitness tor the possession ot d. v
en. incut pow. rs may lie illurtrated.es-tabh-du
d a:-. I made good against mi pos
It'W WuH ! Ti.o-,.fs.
Un-b r t!.is".keal tl;e alsre.
l.ites tiie mode a.hpted in rai.-'mg t
i:i 'id, and .adds t
b- t! e !)
A great i-pporiiion party, made stronjj
It a necessity tor raising troops bv con- ; enough to carrv the elections of 18G4, is
Wc are r.t warj and blood
flows. anl wealth is wasted, and fnnntil
scrijition be asserted, that it would follow j now the appropriate instrument of nation- I eism runs riot, and the constitution is
that the revolutionary policy of the ad- al redemtion, and its success will be the j broken, and we arc bowed down by grief,
mini-tration has claimed and disgii.-ted j triumph of nee government and will ex- j and sorrow in all our homes, because a
the people that chilled the enthusiasm j tricate us from the laws of destruction. j sectional faction rules the Government of
which in the earner days of the contest ! That the party of the administration is
tilled our patriot army with brave and j both visch.us and incapable has been mott
it- ... i t l . . . . ;
abutauniihy prove:! and ought no longer to
be d nied. It has fniled to restore the
I nioa after three years of trial, though
Fi x anc n.s a :; i C l m: t;x ; v .
The imneccssary waste of public, re
sources in the war ; the enormous sums
expended upon foolish and fruitless mili
tary expeditions (sometimes badly planned
and sometimes badly executed and sup
ported), and the other enormous sums
corruptly or unwisely expended in obtnin
ing supplies and materials of war. would,
of them-clves, have been su!!ivie:i: to
deeply injure the public credit, and to
create fears of our future ability to bear
the pecuniary burdens creali d by the
war. And what ought to sting the minds
of ivlh oting men is the consideration that
the general policy of the adi.diii.-tration
has been si.ch that it ha? prolonged '.he
war by depriving us of allies and sympa
thy in the enemy's country, and fiitteiimr
away the public energy upon other -subjects
besides military success.
In addition to which stand- forth the
fact that this occasion of war has been
seized upon to establish a system of gov
ernment paper money, which has caused
the public exp'-ridiitures and the public
debt to u oiie-h ilt greater than th -y
wv.id.l otherwise have been, and ioeroloe-
d numerous and most seriuu vxi's and
the United States, free from restraint,
or curb, or limitation of its powers. And
it should be made impossible that thia
condilition of things can exist after we
have once extricated ourselves from the
! .(. ...-... l . . i' ..li .1 ..I' i ., ,r
j u.-n.-j-vvi n ,vu mv; BiHii? oi ju ci iiiiivut ; iisj ui emftiiiuy.
an.l ot all the resources of the country. There should also be a judicious limi
An 1 meantime it has struck heavy blows ! ta'ion upon the distribution of Federal
at hbei ty, ari l is carrying us away from ; patronage. A change by
all the old landmarks of policy and ad- ' which the great body of public officers!
ministration. Wc are literally drifting j would hold for fixed terms, and be romov
towurd destruction, with the knowledge j able only for lawful cause, would be oni
that those who have charge of our vessel ; of great merit and wisdom, and is among
of Slate is until to diuct its course. j the most desirable objects to be Fought' in
Put there is yet limj !o avert much of' our public policy,
calamity. The future at legist may be A Conthast.
'!i .--1 lv-l. i i-.iiSli- .l.'t:.! ; ...
, , . ' - ! e have thus taken notice ot several
tored, and along with it, 1 , , ,lf
0tTMii lit, UK j r.1.,.ll. e,ril(.f- m ;in ;1,VmntHl our vIpu-s
appeal may i.-ow t; mauo to ascist. nu!-; How UU'h opposed those
exainer a party Jo power wmch will bo i yi(,.v . aro 0 he of thc a(lniiublra.
tiathb.i to th, cv::st.tuta;n, which wnl ! u.; the most cursory
iniiie io;: iuv r me um n eiemems oi me. ",. ;
m. 111.1 irvrviiv. ivr iuv. v- - v i iu
the Union re,
holiest, eoiistii n-ional
wiiuh comarv. wnt c
and fanaticism fu.in '.1.
: trution :.o
i coavubi --a
ail the charim
-i iiiaii. r- i win ;
:. 1 t'( ; ON
'. 1 r". i:'
v i )
! notice 1.
1 -1 our c ii i.
irmv o re
of a pubuc i r.
under the !i.:e.
.- C -l - i.
'f r .
1 A i
; 1 . VV l . 1 -,- .; -,
V. !ti. ..
' Mi l ..
- eti o-
:;..:ci : ',.
l e i- li o!
li -e U-
the Ad- j
1 to any
tv, tt.e ea ::ae;er
!f -i:ot: I'.iireO bv 1 le
aih and MXteemi: ehai-es
.f the lighth ec;i'!i o' tuc. In si an -i-' ot
tlie con-tila'.ioii, wliieh authors ( . irjress
'-To pi-oM le lor e....ag ioi in the militia
I . .v. ..::.. 1'. h:-.v !.: I' i:r.r.. s.u-nrcs-
a;..l rep. 1 mvasi. r.,s,T' and
f.-r oi'L:aui:iiig, ariaaig and
ops 1 ci-.d and business lie
system, aad the lad:. re el
hcp-'S arid m-rar-gemcr.ts
The crash of ibis
ill the :! h:-Ae as
0:1s; ;t upon :f.
ol i ! ;
: e oe
..1 . ! . ..
nation ami seiiiemciu ci viispuies upon a
just and reasonable basis, and to the se
curity of the country against the recur
rence of war hereafter ; while the policy
of the Administration point to a simple
alternative bUween the subjugation and
-.a of the Union are not ! independence of thc South.
t.t, and when contrasted 1 And as we are iustitied in con-
wilS sec. ;re the future from
lii oiei-M i ri -ov.
veiii -ns v.hi' h should obtain
pof m iv
e mi:i:i:s and for governing
. 1 . . . . . 1
:;rt t 1 tie in as amy no i imnci in
s. ri-v ot l:.e I. nii'-vl ri:aos.
lie: Siate-s re.-pev itvilly the
-. . i-ii
urn . .
first is '.,::
iv th'.' war.
mav .-. a
of the A bauiistrali ::i
:-ri. !i o- advantage,
h.at tt..i States shall stand
! 1 :e : u: nr.-. ,
h si.c'.i a:i
r- i-oi s':.t -d. and
irs tore,', i- 1 ae 1 I
.li h -. aid he ha
V ' ". : i
Pel. I.. 1 -IP-
w . . :
, e; n:r.'
- : :.h
p ,i its aeii. :i i: oio an
r lo 1 Hi! 1 . ( 'mi r;. o-.g ah
.-i' l n an 1 Pat i.ie State.-',
ption. at the 1 V. si-t- ii
iYi'.f", ::a 1 being iva- ved
a t-pp si;i n in ( "ongr-. ss,
ai oi' the States in that
The po ver of the 1"
j (: C-.li Ioi" ti opS
1- ' -v
s to si:;
plv lheai, iiv!i!;iz:'i' ti
t I ue
i j d-j i:s will and
i or bin Iran -e in
of the United St:
. naee was
nous i i amount, ) were ilis-
.-id"z d lo
! .1 1 N . '
o s i K e t
as i Y
: iiij viw
d bv its
b',. :is w:: :.lso the I'.A r !
o select th.s.; troops vh:cht!
coiit ril ute by draft or lot.
P.ut earlv in IS"""' : n. w
tu.r.s of' c-.u'i i !i-y a i'l iinae.ee o-
veil to ti:-.? 1. a ot t-'rmer uia
ah-ue can .-.ifet v be i' -und.
r iug j In speaking ol iioaiaii.l pri
1 t'.oure ecuiiiary coii.h'.i r.
t . 1 ' . 1 .. i- . ......
0Cli"OS. liiv' lllfl 111.11 I'M."
iivi.t from 00: s are expressed 1
is ta power. l.u me
-.-litv to which they refer us
Prode'-'i..-.! in the country is mw
ised. ior great numbers tit latioivrs
at ted bv
v w..;- to
was established by
the raising ! tr o.
act of Congress. This was a system of
conscription, (the word and the idea being
borrowed from the French), and was
ithont cxanii.le 111 the l nilcl States.
c de- 1
i . l : lei a
1:! ; is t
emp'.o' v il in th'
Pa-sin- bv the Slat" nulla ril;-:
the Clauses of the Conslitalioii above
mentioned, it put the gener.-.l government
ia ilirtct commui.ieation with the whole
arms-bearing p 1 ulation of the country,
and assumed for 'he general government
exclusive and absolute control over the
whole lu'oreeiliiiii of raising troops. The
validity of this act has been questioned,
and it is one of the debatable points which
belong to the history ol the war. For j
it has been argued with much force and
reason that the power ot Congress to raise
armies, although a general power is not
unlimited and that laws of conscription by
it are not "necessary and prop', r," when
the forces required cm be raised with
p rfect certainty and convenience from
the militia of the States under the pro
visions of the t- 011-0. anon above cued.
lut passing this point, the inqiiirry arises,
why was tne tornier system involving
State co-operation abandoned, and a new
an.l questionable one substituted ? No
clear and adequate reason lor the meas
ure appears in the debates of the Congress
which passed 11, unless the suggestion
made by one ot its leading supporters in
the House of Representatives that it was
in hostility to "the accursed doctrine of
State rights," be accepted as such reason.
We must, therefore, conclude that it was
the policy of the authors of the law to de
prive the States of the appointment of the
officers of the troops raised, and to absorb
that power into the hands of the r edcral
administration ; that the act was a meas
ure of the party to increase its influence
and power, to prevent the possibility of
any participation therein by the govern-
liJ'ENSbUlPi, CAMr.illA Co.. 1'A.
one ih.or K.i-t of the Tost OiV're.
IA'... PH. is if.
n .1 ...ings has con: mii -.i 10 ihe pre.-eni
!::ne. It h:' revelled in power, and ol
inevitable necessity, from its very nature
S. NOON', atidf v.m the opportunities pr. sented it,
a; I 'Oim.y at I.aw, it ha abus. d its p i'.vers; it has forgotten
: or despised and trainmcikd under foot
ihe vhities imposed upon it by th people
aiivl the objects announced by it in the
! outset have been supplanted by others,
. which now inspire its action and occupy
Tnr. Dkmov i;aii- Pah ry.
! The evil of uncon! rolled party tl.miina
' tion in Government will be greater or
.M uch 13. lta, 1. . less, according to the character and ob-
- I 1..1.O j.p il,. r. irl v 111 tum'i.p 'Plw IV.ti....
, J. , ... ... ...... .. . . .... . . . my-
triatie part' which ortlinarily has adinin
i isteretl the ( ioverumciit of the United
i States, even in the utmost plentitnde of
'. its power, did not fail into gross abuse or
lioi.p. threaten the liberties of the oountry.
Although it required to be. checked or.
occasion, and that its policy and conduct
ii'iifsaiu Healers ill s-hnuM lw tnl,.,...i..,l t, i-i.t'.,i c-i-nttnv !.
m t vn.' w ri'i.i. n n-.. in . 1 J o J J
..i.i.iv 1 .iv n ui.if 1 1W-V.-CI,
I' IO I' V I 'h IlilllL-k-'Ml - IS, - To I ' ......
1 vu..ne uiMiwiii. Ot.tj.VXvo. . 1 .
SNLTTS A:c . cuuiy against 11s aouse 01 us powers
01 hk: iniueioies ami tiocirines 10 wmcu
ATTOUNKY AT LAW,
C-.tuihrin Cuiml'i, Pa.
oi-T-ic:-; ix (0..0XA1.E now.
1CUAI:L IIASSOX, Ksy. Attornf.v
-iX AT I. aw. F,"t i.h-.n '. Cumbria Co. I'.i.
Oitiiee on Mnin street, three doors Hast
Julian. ix 2
a W. HICKMAN. v.. K.
G. V. HICKMAN El CO.f
III ncIil-41 (Uvti.vviituiii 1 linir 'tf jTTt.i. -
X. E. COU THIUD vV MAUKET STKKET.
Augiirt !. 1803. -ly.
j an(j pi0fulln,j wisdom, who justly con
n n avN'iS;v l,VISOS- prehended tl.e nature of free G oven
11 & D A I O N , 1 , 7 ., , . , . , ,
tkus and dkalers in 1 'nents, and the dangers to which they a
W. TV. MAIR.
M A 1
SADDLERY, CAltltlAGE AND TUX UK
HARDWAUE vt THIMMINGS,
SADDLES & HARNESS,
K n . 1 -2 7, Hood Street,
FAD SKINS, BEST OAK TAX X ED
HARNESS, SKIRTING AXD BRI
June 17, 1803 ly.
An office on Centre Street,
m xt door north of Esq. Kinke.-ul's office.
I'i Si-esbion given immediately.
April 13, 1P61.
it held ; for its creed was established
for it by men of the most stcrlinjr virtue
exposed, strict construction ot the con
stitution, a sparing use of the powers of
Government, moderate expenditures and
equal laws, became the articles of a po
litical creed which preserved the Govern
ment from abuse and degeneracy, kept
the States in harmony, and secured the
growth and deve'.opeuient of a material
prosperity unexampled in the history of
The Party ok the Administration
i Its main strength lies in States which
; voted against Mr. Jefferson in 180O, a-
' gainst Air. Adams in 1812, against An
staille s .
vi's oi t
bran h -
l I.s if
'.on us it
de- i :h gr- a
are ! the n:oi
a:al abstracted l'rom ! l.-.t 'he false an !
j !'r .-ii lent of the I
I r.'les ol value press banilv ; m:itioi!. or tl.e v, or
upcin persons of fixed incomes, and upon ! can presume, a:
all who are di-ablcl or encraered in u:i- tie.' c. n ations c
oi-i.i'table cmoiovmeiits. ! St it
T'no war tloes not create wealth, but
consumes il ; and cmisuin.'s a!.-o tl:e la
borers bv which it is produced. It de
vours tho oroduce of past ae.d present
induslry andchecUsthegrow.11 01 pop
..1...; ...,01. w hich future prosperity
"1 - .
l . ,i'j...
1 ;e '. t iSv
n'.ost of the
to attend the q
tion wi-i wi o iv
D.U '.ni. ills ol ihe
o . .
to part it
v de- ! ties, an
Ori'tisn ioN to m: ()!:t;AM i.i'
restoration of the I oion ami ;
el iding upon the whole case, that if thc
Union is to be restored, liberty preserved,
and prosperity renewed to this country,
those results must follow the defeat and
rej. eiioi! of the administration by the
' American p.'ophi
j The deieat tif .Mr. Lincoln removes the
I main obstacle to rc-union, and restores at
once the iast rule of the Constitution
p u ties who (,vt.r u,a adhering States,
t- terms or There are but two classes of men in
Any olli'-r ! -bis count rv who may reioice in existing
condiji.-ns, l irst, those who make mon
ey oiit of the war, and second, those who
desire to achieve emancipation by it. As
to the former, their thirst for sudden
wcaith is gratified, and it is not in their
nature to regret deeply those calamities
which fall upon their fellow countrymen',
b it f rom which they are exempted. And
so to the radical abolitionists, bis cup of
enjoyment is almost full. lie believes
that' emancipation will take place or the
Union remains broken forever. Either
result satisfies him, profoundly and
v.hoilv, and no possible event during his
exist. i.'. e can connate with either of these
add to ir diminish ( n merit and excellence.
Put has not the country borne all it
can reasonably bear? in fact, much more
loan it can reasonably bear, for the grati
fication of these two classes of men, and
.-! ;-.!! not the Administration of thc Gov
ernment under favor of which they nestle
in power and gratify their unholly creed
reed unon between or
1 The Constitution of the
P.- is toe lighind and only
e..a f. r the State- conn o-ing
raev. ai' l it is p. stand a- it
i-C'jtrif v. until th
v shall change
a.-.v p.-o'.i.-h us
utionary and dtraftive,
laniatioi s or
Congiv. 'i he j-v-ov-goveiiiment
111 all its
00. 1 wkhin the provis
:'.p:t'en, and cannot
1. a. f re, the c.ai.-titu-n-j
its po'.vv r of regular
c Lii iiiig iijciiiiie o:
-. hieli proposes t-j save
h - d.iv ot it
giiiltv doctiine tiait the
'i.ited States by pr.-K-ki-v:i
. s theretif, by si.;tu;e
f i-mvn b-;t-vceii the
1 al t n -c and 1 ia evcr,
Pitiieuliies which ap-
ell i I rectiusii ne-H-ar.
:;::ne::t are con!
' an 1 cxe -ntive
org an 1 .'. com
11 it cioi b
le. a'i n or clou gc
re-lore i!'..' Union
ami the accomj
is th ' co!ii'o nsatioTi
..c.. o .,.. ...bo'misiration ol our svstem ol . "
l.l.lvi--." - (
constitutional govcinment await the sue-j
cess of a great opposition party, actuated ;
by hist aims and inspired by an cam s!. :
patriotic determination to save U.e c. un- ;
in- and perpetuate its liberties. j
'ri,. l.P"i of i norincr partv ia the
, - .1 ..... ,1 1. . i . ..
or (leternunc ii.e ; ami tl.e.ir tietestaoie passions, ue iiii
i!i each other. cut t-f p.ower, thus relieving the country
:i'.retl to tl.e f,,in this nightmare of corruption ami
ii:ie.- by who n i i.uiatieism which is pressing out its very
iiieii ant i'v
be subiectetl to inoui
We have f.. ught to
not to t haatze il. nnu h
wc i ivpo
. . . r
1 -wtllleeS ( I
C-. -S .S
ubverl its hin-iaav. ntal prineq
'.i.-hn.-. nt ot its restorali- u
j selves f .r all tia
1 .!.,i '.1
sibie to tiie i i'esi-
to Congress it is competent, tor
: in tie ir s-ovcivign capacity, by
. , I.., .o...,n.t,.,l HTlfi III WlSOOMI. '
car.uoi -r-: ivev...,vv. v...- - -
. . ..f i.t. 11 in ! t ie iMIIlltrV. . l-
tiivai m-i-.-es, v.i nu 11 - '
can act use'fally and steadily only through , 'lent
i.:..t .1-.'.; i a tP. b- 1 the S
some organism which h,... - 1
1 . .i:m,.i;.. With not ! tree mutual
power, aim gives. 11 iiiivoi"" r
organi. Lion; their ftreng.h(aU p-?veriul to i. States re(p.ired a com
. .. . t..ii ... .li;.. .ii.'ii ;itT:i. .... -
Wll' i". conceuuuie-i; w ... .-. .
1 1 .1. r..l.-..,.iMt-.iii i.'tv sci.'.e 1 pat 1 o
wasieu, aim me v..... - - : , -
-. ,.r ,.i-,n-niTir.iir ni-.ii ore- ' i"v '
powei.- 01 jv.i vi v 1 , ...
t c . . . 1 ,,.,..111 v.- ll.i'y lvii'ir... 1
.1 : ....,i.f:.r . j .1,-nv . . , ... . , - -
U uii'ir o --". r" . i . P..;..,..... union to
i..,. 1 : paci, civ.uio-', .1 01. iv in. ii
! ... .1,. ... t... iin!t a mdencndviiee.
IVILIIVHII'.V iiv. - --,
ti. ......1.1 .111 fur us now to solve 1
con-esiT, at the proper time,
States required a eom-
union to go tliroogii tne war 01
n. ami it was maoe. rMiose-
u ai.it iid. d coni-
Are the pcop
of the United ; secure
competent to organize 1 uem-eiM .-
Ol 11 u v 1 1 v
Prom tht ir .leiiberatioiis on the latter co
Short sighted and passionate men rush
t,u lo accomplish an immediate object,
unable to perceive the consequence which
lie bevond the present moment, and un
wiHiiiir to believe that new obstacles in
their path of passion and vengeance will
sii- veed to the existing ones. They vain
ly think that if slavery be struck down by
force, regardless of law or civil obligation,
and neiiro equality be established ia its
stead, no subject of difficulty, no cause of
"national peril", no stone of stumbling"
will remain in our path of national pro
gress. Vain delusion! Such expecta
lions are proved to be false by a thousand
examples in history. The source of dan
tior is in these wild passions let lose in the
land which will not regard civil obliga
tions, and which in their headlong fury
, tread under foot both pueiic law ana m-
in dvfciise, of their svstem
fi'iimi-Tit ami voinmaiy m.
they resort to a dictator, armed with larg !
-i-ion there rt snlied that :no.-t admirable i dividual right. - HC n no uecry inet.rv,
instrument, t he Constitution of the United ! but wc assert that statesmanship is con
14 . 1 1 .t 1 iv. 1 ,. .. .... 1 .....;,.i,. t,i ibiniftiii nf liie nrac-
St iies uialv l" wmcil in ." lepuouc mi? , -ei neti in.ui"; - 1
power' who will crush faction and restore . i-tcl a,... pi speieo
eai at the sacrifice of liberty ? Etilin r-ars. And now, im.lv
nl will not die out if kit to itseif. of revolt, and war an.
mcnts of the States
We believe it to be certain that this
measure has entailed great expense ujon
the Treasury of the United States ; that
it has created unnecessarily a large num
ber of Federal officers, distributed through
out the country ; and that while it has
been no more efficient than the system
which required State co-operation, it has
me ouiic i.i.. -- - .
Some instrument aucquaie 10 n .exiiip.c-
tion must be sought and found m tne di
rection cf either dictatorial or popular
. .1 . : ...r .
i.-t"d and prospeie.i for more than seventy ; peal, and that m me pre.-ciu. m.riieet
r our experience (oatlilava oi l.uman auans n is uunju
I mis'oycrnmen!, to modify general ideas an 1 auapi mem
.1 . .. . 1 .. :5t4l
.1 it-.- a - m-v. tfi.'-nu 1.- r-(i Jin 1 1 1 1 n 11 Lt'i v
inh:p Hi; 10 WWW n.'l ini'Jlii NTuir io t Ai.un : v-ui.v..iivur, ----- j
tie fbi- liberty and Union sla add lie cs- j ,hvov8'3 in tuiteveiu couuuiy mi-i
tablished in the fuadiuiuntal law. li it ; cut times. And as all political powers
,.1. . . 1 t.. -3 Hf(nl. ivbn.! V
tl.oc cecirithrsmost consist ot limitala.-as, ;nv conveiiiionai, mut v..i....,...-v..v ....
Instead of looking to a dictator, to the
.w.. .,.;,. tuWnile. to a strong execuiive
government of large and concentrated power which we
powers, those who have faith in our A- jurisdielion m I!
merican principles will loon to me peopie, ,
and will seek to arouse ana organic .un..
and direct their united strength against
the evils of the time. Thus we believe
the nation may be saved, and saved by
itself, and be prepared to resume its ca
reer of prosperity, rudely interrupted by
tnese sccuiiiiesiiiusi. vo.i-i.-i. v., ............ . -, . .m v , , v v, r
rather than c-xlention of Federal authori- j oxpres or implied consent, the validity of
tr and mut not invade those fields of v political act must rest upon the ground
po'wcr which were left sacred to State ! that it is authorized. Some distinct ao-
The Constitution should provide against
the uncontrolled denomination of sectional
original schemo of thoritv most be sbo.vn, or we must de
termine against its existence, ana u. me
,.v-.ionee. of a free Government, and to
the harmony and prosperity of a country
..,; si,v,.tl. or Xorth. on tho Govern- where n it is estauitSJieu, meie unicv
ment of thc United States,
most profound and constant respect by ruU-N
ssible ! and by people for all ll.oc things which
1- .,.-.1 ..tf.il .-irn1.lti.-in TV(-vcut
muispeiiMoi chivi .nm ' j 1 i . . , - r
for our safety and continued existence as ' have Wen agree! upon or ,n btutcl n at-
a republic i P vr.vnnr,,. Vlt . .v . . . ,