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The Vermont watchman. (Montpelier, Vt.) 1883-1911, July 04, 1883, Image 2

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VERMONT WATCHMAN & STATE JOTJJRNAL, WEDNESDAY, JUIiY 4, 1883.
Jjlgricitllitntl
T. If. 1IOSKINS. Newport, Vt., JSilltnr.
T1IK UNDKll DOO IN TIIK KIUHT.
I know tlutt tlie world, tlie great, liig world,
From tlie iennnt up to the klng,
IU n dlffcrent talo (rom tlie tale I tell,
And n dlflercnt ong loHog.
llut for m and I caro not a Msgle flg
If they y I am wrong or nm rlgtit
I Klisll lm; go for ttieweaker dog,
The unJcr dog In tlie flglit.
I know that the world, tlie great, blg world,
Will never a moment atop
To ece whlcli dog may lie ln the fault,
llut wlll nbout for tlie dog on top.
llut (or me, I Miall nem natiHe to ark
Whlch dog may be ln the rlght,
For my heart wlll bcat, v, lilte 11 boate at all,
For the under dog lu tbe llght.
l'erchance what I've lald I Iiad better not ald,
Or 'twas better I had eald lt lncog,
llutwlth heart and wlth glaMfllled chock tothebrlm,
Ucre't a licalth to the bottom dog. Datid Itarler,
Spcclnl Fertilizers.
The Brattleboro Pl.anix copies our re-
marks regardiug the f ertilizsr law, and its
agrioultural editor says :
' We havo never known tho fertillzer law
objected to for the reason given by the Walch
man. ln fact it doea not keep out of the state
the fancy brands lt they may be so called to
which the ngricultural editor ol the Watchman
rolera. The company. inanutacturing tho
brands whlch he oujects to as havlng fancy,
catchpenny namos, and whlch he nssutnea aro
kept out of the state by the llcenso fee, ia one
of tlie few concerna that now, under the opera
tlon of the law, have the excluslvo uale of for
tlllzers In this state."
It waa not we, but soveral state papers
(and we are much lniBtaken i the Pfoe
nix wa8 not one of them) who " assumed "
that the ?50 tax on eaoh braud of fertil
izra aoted in a prokibitory manner upon
the formula fertilizera. We knew noth
ing of the facts, and our assuraption was
only that the complaining papera did
know. The Phcnix saya it ia a inistako.
Sd muoh the worse.
Whioh eompany is it that " manufac
tures the branda which he (we) objecta to
and assumea aro kept out of the state by
the license fee V" We referred to no par
ticular company. Tho report of the Con
necticut experiment station refera to some
half a dozen firms making special fertil
izers, andgivea analyses of their products.
We quoted Professor Johnson, our lead
ing agrioultural chemist, and the director
of the station, a9 objecting to fertilizers
of this class ; and on this point the Phcc
nix says :
"Just what is meant by the ' whole thlng '
being a humbug which it is a good thing to
keep out of the state when lt can be done so
easlly, is not very clear. Is the whole business
of manufacturlng and selling commorcial fer
tilizers a humbug? If so, lt ls a very useful
humbug, Increaslng the value of the products
of agriculture millions of dollars. If it ia meant
that special fertilizers, or fertilizers for special
crops, are necessarlly a humbug, we are sure
he would fiud no support for such a view in the
teachlngs of Profeasor Johnson, whom he
quotes. Professor Johnson's remark whlch ia
quoted, must have been mnde ln reference to
the fertilizers whlch he found to be easentially
allke, though one was called a corn nianure,
one a tobacco manure, aud aaother a potato
manure."
Our critic is evidently pot aa well in
formed aa he ought to be regarding Pro
feasor Johnson's viewa upon the subjectof
special fertilizers. In his first report, for
1878, b,e says, speaking of these fertilizers
(p. 45,) " it lnight be confidently antici
pated that ln a hundred triala the potato
manure might be applied to timothy, and
the timothy manure to potatoea, with no
detriment to the crops and no difference
to the producer." An examination of
Professor Johnson's reporta from 1878 to
1882 will show them uniformly declaring
the absurdity of the theory and exposing
the inconsistency of the methods of the
special fertilizer manufacturers. llegard'
ing the latter he says, in the report for
1809 : " We have three distinct onion fer
tilizers, all of which make the same claim
(that the proportions in which they are
mized are those which the onion crop
apecially requires), and which differ
widely from each other in the forms in
which their fertiiizing lngredients are
present, aa well aa in the proportion of
those ingredients. We have reason to
believe that neither science nor practice
has reached such a stage of intelligence
as to be able to compound a fertilizer
which deserves to be called an 'onion fer
tilizer,' because it is particularly adapted
for onions rather than any other crop.
Such indeed is the fact, and the so-called
' special fertilizers ' may or may not be
adapted to tho crop whose name they bear,
in general, or in any particular case."
(p.51).
Professor Johnson gives his reason for
this view of the matter in his report for
1878, thus: "The 'worn-out soils of
New England ' are very various in their
crop-producing qualities. Many of them
are able to supply potash ia ezcess of all
ordinary demands. Many of them require
lime and sulphurio acid in order to feed
crops, and most of them fail to yield
rather on account of mechanical or physi
cal deficiencies, or defect of water supply.
than because they are exhausted of tho
nutritive elemeuta of crops. With this
diversity of soil it is vain to ezpect tbat
we can rationally or auccessfully adapt
special manures to our
vanous crops
(p. 45). On the same page he says : " It
is a very significant fact, pertinent to this
subjeot, that when we appeal to practlcal
ezperienco to decide what fertilizing elo-
ments are best to apply to difforent cropa
on the same soil, tho answer should some-
timea be just the reverso of what we must
ezpect, it tbe Stockbridge manures aro
based on correct prinoiples."
With the view, apparently of conviot-
ing us of inconsistonoy on this question
the Phocnix quotes aa followa :
" In an article on the 1 Science and l'ractlco
of Mauurlng,' T, II. Iloaklns. ln the report of
the Vermont Board of Asrlculture for 187-1.
says; 'The flrat knowlodge we must acquire
(suppose we are experienced ln all the ordinary
manual operations of the farm,)ia of thogeu
eral requlroments of all cultivated cropa for
their eucceasful growthj and neit. tho pecullar
reaulrementa ol each lndlvldual cron. We
must know what Prof. Vllle calls the domlnant
of each crop; that ls, that particular elomentot
plant food whlch that crop requires abovo
otbers, understandlng that the other elements
must alao be suDDlled ln due nronortlon. Wlth-
out thla knowledgo, special fertilizers wlll be
useiess to us, except uy accment, ana we snau
not know how to mnke up a corapoat for auy
crop. '
Tho editor thon asks :
"llasthe nerlcultur.il editor of tho U'afct-
irnm lc?s tnltn ln lertiuzers lor ppccnu crops
than he had when he wroto that article?"
Our critic might havo quoted tho whole
of that papor without produciug a word
that would havo afforded any support to
tho formula fertilizer business. Tho dif
ference betweon tho idea of adapting the
use of our fertilizing niaterials to tho par
ticular demands of the soil and theorop that
is to bo grown upon it, aa put forth in that
papor, aud tlie formula trado, which fur-
nishes ono mixture for all soils, is tho dif
forenco between employing a skillful
physician, who will adapt his treatment to
the case, and using a quaok romedy in ig-
noranco both of the nature of the disoase
and of the composition of the modicino.
We wish it to be undorstood that we
do not objoct to those formula fertilizers,
when mado of good materials, on the
ground that they aro of no value to crops.
They are good, just aa alable manure is
good. But no ono protends that ono man'a
table manure is specially adapted to one
crop, ana anotuer man s to anotner crop.
Thero is where the humbug comos in.
Varying slightly the proportions of phos
phoric acid, potash and combiued nitro
gen in a fertilizer and calliug one kind a
corn fertilizer, another an onion fertilizer,
and another a potato fertilizer, is arrant
humbug, and as such wo heartily join tbe
Connecticut oxperiment station in ex
posing it.
But this does not mean that we ahould
not endeavor to adjnst our application of
fertilizera to the known requirements of
our land and the crop wo grow upon it.
All ezperience shows that the fertilizer
required in a special case often has
scarcely any relation to the cbemical com
position of tho plant to be grown. Clover
is rich in nitrogen, yet it calls for lime,
Bulphuric acid and potash as fertilizera, is
able to get its own nitrogen, and is not at
all benefited by it as a manure. Turnips
do not contain much phosphoric acid, yet
nothing makes turnips grow equal to
phosphate of lime. Wheat contains far
less nitrogen than clover, yet while nitrog
enous fertilizera are worthless for clover,
they are essential to wheat. We might go
on with a long list showing both bow un-
scieatific and how unpractlcal the theory
of basing the composition of the fertilizer
upon the composition of the plant is. But
besides this, these formula fertilizers ut
terly ignore the plant-food contained in the
soil, and are mado upon the principle that
the plant gets nothing from the ground.
Though our field may be rich in potash
or phosphoric acid, yet still we must buy
these articles in the fertilizer. There
never waa greater quackery or more stupid
farming than this. We may know that
our field has plenty of potash, yet if we
buy a formula fertilizer for potatoes or
tobacco we get (or ought to get according
to the theory) a strong potash fertilizer.
As a matter of fact, wo simply get a fer
tilizer with some potash in it. For the
theory has been practically abandoned by
the makers, and now they merely make a
complete fertilizer, tolerably well adapted
to crops alike, but still marked " potato,"
" wheat," " tobacco " or " corn." This is
what we call " humbug." In a certain
sense it is also fraud, because, although
the preparation may be a good general
fertilizer, it is not what it is stated to be,
and tho makers do not reallv " state what
they sell," though they may state its con
stituenta truly.
Our readers know that we do not favor
ready-mado or ready-compounded fertil
izers, ezcept as the best that can be done
for those farmers who do not understand
the prinoiples of plant feeding.' For
these we believo in a compound aa nearly
like good atable manure aa can bo made,
because that ia likely to suit the most
cases. Yet stable manure, well aaved, is
very rich in potash, and there are many
soils on which potash does no perceptible
good. Good Btable manure is also rich in
combined nitrogen, yet for many crops,
nitrogen is not needed in a manure. Now
it is eaay to aee that when we como to
buying fertilizera thoso who can discrim-
inate in these points ought to do so, and
not buy potash or nitrogen for crops that
do not need them, for it is clearly throW'
ing away money to do so. For tho large
number oi larmors who have nevor in
formed themselves upon the matter, and
who are not likely to do so, we say an ar
tiCcial fertilizer patterned upon the com
position of stable manure, or what is
called a " complete fertilizer," is most de
sirablo. It is true they thus have often
to pay for much that is of no benefit to
the crop, but that cannot be helped ez
cept by iuoro knowledgo. The reason
why we have so strongly recommended
the bone and oshes compost is because it
is a complete fertilizer. But while doing
it, we know there aro soils upon which the
ashes are useful mainly because they
hasten the docay of the bone, and not on
account of their potash. For some crops,
too, such as clover, the nitrogen of tho
raw bone is not needed. Yet the bone
aud ashes compost will always, like stable
manure, give a good crop, aud ia cheaper
than any fertilizer sold, having regard
both to immediato and permanent results.
Plnstor on Mnrsh Lnud.
"Young Farmer," West Corinth, Vt.,
sends the following : " I would liko to
ask a few questions in regard to using
plaster as a top-dressing for grass. I
have a meaaow consiBting mostiy or a
muck soil wlth a olay hard-pan. lt has
been drained so that it beara a good
quality of hay, and will cut about one ton
to the aore. I would like to double that
crop. Can I not do it by top-dressing it ?
I have plowed someof it, but it is too wet
this year to cultivato ; some yoars it has
dono very well. 1 have not tho manure
that I want to spare, and I wonld liko to
know if plaster would make a good top-
dressing for it, and if it would, how much
ought I to uso to an acro, and what tlmo
of year should it bo applied j or what
other oheap fertilizer is thero tbat would
mako a good top-drossing 'i"
Reh.y my Aomcui.TunAi, EniToit.
Moist land ia not tho most favorablo, and
especially if it is muoky, for succossful
treatment with plaster. Yet it might do
some good. Ono hundred pounds to the
acro is enough, and it ought to bo applied
in the spring, but good resulta aro got
when applied aftor haying, if thero is
Buflicient rain to dissolvo it soon nfter-
wards. We should try, in preference to
plaster on such a piece, say twenty.fivo
bushels of unleached, hardwood ashes to
tho acro after haying. Perhapa a part
might bo plaatered and a part ashed, as
an ezporimeut. In laylng down such a
piece to grass (without grain) we have
secn excellent results to the young grass
from an application of three hundred
pounds of a good superphosphate with
the grass-seed. This ia the only way we
ever saw any perceptible bonefit from a
superphosphate on grass. If any reader
can givo us his ezperience for the benefit
of " Young Farmer " in this matter, we
ahall esteem it a favor.
A Succcssful Co-opcrntlro Storc.
Tho rock upon which ' union stores "
have always split i8 oredit. We have al
ways cautioned our friends, tho grangers,
strongly on this point, and we do not
know of a single grange-store that has
ever auccoeded where credit was given, or
one that ever f ailed where the cash system
and careful supervision were adhered to.
Tho following account of the Sovereigna
aud P.ttroua' atore at Brattleboro ia from
the Springfield Sutulay Rcpublican, and
may iuterestour raaders : " A Brattleboro
institution that ia not much nnderstood
outsido of its own membership is the
Brattleboro council of the Sovereigns of
Industry. It was organized in 1871 by
twelve mechanics for tho purpose, as they
state, of protecting themselves from the
exactions of monopolists. They called a
meeting at Harmony hall to state their
views and extend their membership ; they
were strenuously opposed Dy the mer
cbants ana otncrs oi tne town, ana a
fierce discussion eusucd, which resulted
in an increased membership. They did
business for themselves in a desultory
way till 1870, when they hired a building
and began a regular grocery business. In
1877 they voted to permit members of the
grange to buy shares of Btock, and in'
creased their capital to 81,300. Their
business now increaaed rapidly, and they
were obliged to seek for larger store-room,
and aa there was none in town available,
they contracted with Printer Leonard,
who erected a four-atory brick building on
ung o
Elliot atreet, eighty by twenty-six fejpof
which they now occupy three floors, keep
ing a general line of groceries and agrl
cultural implements and seeds. A few
yeara ago they secured E. Harlow as man-
ager, and the business haa increased from
81,000 to 1,000 a month, which, consider-
ing their capital, $3,200, ia very great.
Their method of doing business ia differ
ent from the co-operative stores heretofore
in operation, and of which so many have
failed. It is, that any meniber of tho
Sovereigns or grange in good standing
may buy shares of stock at 5 each, not
to exceed ono hundred shares, on which
they ahall be paid six per cent interest
but no stockholder shall have more than
one vote. The stock is not transforable,
but will be redeemed at par by the direc
tors when desired. Every meraber of the
council in good standing shall receive a
pro-rata share of the profits according to
the amount of hia purchases, and all busi
ness transactions are strictly cash. They
were incorporated by the last legislature
under the title of Farmers' and Mechanics'
Ezchange,' and have made dividends of
twenty, fifteen and ten per cent for the
last three years."
EnwAitD Atkinson says : " Were I to
begiu again, and could cboose for myself
a course of education, with ainple means
to carry it on to its end, I would aelect
under the modern elective system a course
combining claasical instruction with the
laboratory practice in scienco for four
years j I would endeavor to develop both
brain and hand alike, hatraoniously ; and
I would choose as my final preparation
either for mechanical, manufacturing or
business, or for any other courso in life.
three years of hard study in the law
achool ; for, abovo all other sciencea, abovo
all other processes of mental training,
should place the higher study of law. I do
not mean mero preparation for practice in
the courta, but a thorough comprehension
of those principles from which ordinances
and rules have been evolved through long
geuerations, and which mark the separa
tion of civil lifo from the life of the
savage."
Tius is from tho Cultivator: "Our
aorghum friends must not lose their tenv
pera coucorning Cominissionor Loring.
He is partioularly strong with l'resident
Arthur and forms one of the marked or
naments at white houae reoeptioua. The
only method by which tho handsome doc
tor can be removcd at present is by offer
ing him somo fino political ofiice, like
the gubernatorial chair of Massaohusetts
or somo other influential position coni
portiug with his dignity and hlgh
at-
tainraents."
TiiKHK is a great deal of rellgion in
this world that is like a life-preaorver
only put on at the moment of immediato
danger, and then put on half tho timo
hind alde bofore.
Skonfribttfoif.
Tho Osngc Indlniis.
l'AWIlUSKA, INIMAN TKnitlTOItY, )
Juno 21, 1883.
Mr. Editor : A lotter from the wilds
of this territory may interest your readers.
To one weary and worn with tho work
and anxioty of professlonal life, this tor
ritory affords a grateful chango and rest.
In tho heart of an Indian resorvation fifty
milca tquare, soventy miles from the whis-
tlo of tho locomotive or the click of tho
telegraph tho homo of the savage, tho
haunt of tho deer and the wolf so far
from civllization ono feels as free from
as though transporled to another
continent. Naturo is at its best. Tho
cold of winter is past. The heat of sum-
mer ia not yet. The June of tho North ia
hore. The prairle ia in its glory. Flow-
ors in wild luxuriance gladden tho eye,
and ripo strawberries tempt the tasto.
The landscape is rolling, and in some
places hilly. Scattored groves of oak and
walnut give diversity to the scenery. Tho
bottom lands, like those of Kansas, are
very rich j but the uplanda aro poor and
atony, aud best adapted to grazing.
A rest of a week at the 03age agency
haa enabled me to hear and seo much of
tho Indians. I am indebted to Mr. L. J.
Miles, the agent, and Mr. J. N. Florence,
tho trader, for much valuable information,
The Osage tribo of Indians occupy tho
reservation. Mr. Benedict, our Indian
inspector, tells me they are the wealthiest
nation in the world. Their money at in
terest, if divided among them, would give
each member of the tribe every man,
woman and child over 2,000. They
number only about soventeen hundred, yet
their aunuity amounts to 100,000. Tho
government will pay them in cash this
year 120,000. By treaty with the gov
ernment they received 1.25 per acre for
their lands in Kansas, the land to be sold
to actual settlers and the proceeds in-
vested for them by the government at
five per cent. Heretofore most of the
annuity has been paid in provisions,
clothing and cattle. But the government
is trying the plan, at the request of tho
Indiana, of payiug them in money and
letting them uso it aa thev wish. It is
still a question whethor so large annuitiea
are a blessing or a curse. It lifta them
above want and makea them proud and
happy. No Osage will beg. But it re-
moves from them the neceasity of work.
It fosters indolence and eztravagauce
They are still uncivilized ; they cling
with great tenacity to the blanket, though
they are much superior to many other
tribes. Tho agency has been in charge
of the Quakers over since General Grant
inaugurated tho " Quaker policy." Their
administration has fully justified that
policy, bo far as this tribe is concerned
Theagenta have been honest, Chriatian
men. They have gathored about them
thoao like unto themselves. They have
befriended and protected the Indians,
and have secured their coufidence. They
have aimed to civilizo rather than Chrk
tianizo them, and the government has
nobly aided them. Their success has
not been marked. At one time they lo-
cated farmers in the different bands, to
teach and encourage them to cultivate
their land. But tho plow and hoe had
few charms for them. The government
then planted peach orchards for them,
but most of tho trees have died for want
of care. Loe houses have been built for
all who wanted them, but they only oc
cupy them in winter and dwell in lodges
in tho summer. Their annuity was partly
paid in cattle, to encourage them to en
gage in stock-raising, but most of their
cattle were sold to white speculatora be
fore the cattle were issued. Still, I am
told there has been quite an lmprove
ment in ten years. Somo are adopting
citizen's dress, and more are living in
houses ; some are keeping cattle ; most of
them havo farm wagons and a teara;
they are beginning to order plows and
hoes and stoves. They seo and acknowl
odge that tho " white man's way " is bet
ter than theirs. They are more willing
to send their children to school. About
the agency livo a harnesa and shoe-maker,
a farmer, blacksmith, miller, doctor,
acent and two clerks all paid by the
government. Two stores are kept by 11
censed tradera. A fine atono school
house affords accommodation for a hun
dreu chiiaren. a supenntenaent ana a
corps of teachers have the school in charge,
and about sixty children have been induced
to attend. But all who are familiar with
the workings of this school say that, little
cau bo accomplished towards educating
and civilizing the children on tho reserva
tion. They see their parouts and visit
their homes too often, and, as soon as re
leased, they go back to their old manner
of life.
The results of mission work are meagre
indeed. The Catholics, a generation ago,
instituted 9. mission school among them,
when on their reservation in Kansas,
Many of their children havo been ed
but ou returning to their tribe they take
naturally to their savage life again. Chief
Joe was finely educated at this mission,
but on his re'turn to his tribe he doffed
his citizen's suit and donued hia blanket,
and eschowed hia English spe'ech. His
education only gave him a dangerous as-
ccndency over his tribe. I saw a scrawny
looking squaw, who had spent all lier
childhood at the mission aud could speak
English flunntly, yet sho went back to
Bavtigs life and married a full-blooded
savage. The half-breeda aro noiulnally
Catholics. These number threoor four
hundred, and onjoy all the rlghta of their
tribe. They dress as citizeus, but iuherlt
the inanuera of their white parentage
and the iufluence of their Indian lineage.
No Cathollo mission haa been instituted
in their new reservation, but a Catholio
priest visiU them ocoasionally, whom tho
Indiana receivo cordlally ; but it ia ques-
tionablo whother they know anything of
Christlanity while they praotico all their
old 8iiporatltlon8 and rellgious rites.
Whatever Catholicism they havo is simply
engrafted upon their old superstltions.
Tho Quakers until recently have had a
missionary hero for somo yeara ; but they
havo muoh to learn with reference to
mission work among savages. They can
show no converts and can aecure no hear
ing. Wo could not ezpect a different ro
ault when we consider that the mission
ary, though a good man, was unoducated
and mado no attempt to learn the Indian
language, speaking to them through an
interpreter. He haa left, with no indica
tion of returning, and the agent, Mr.
Mlles, told me that tho way was open for
any church to open a mission hero, and
urged me to try and induco the American
Missionary Association to send a man
among them. Tho Quakera have done
much to overcoma prejudice and prepare
the way for the rlght man and tho right
mission. The tribe havo thirty-eight
children at Carlisle and elsowhore. A
greater number will doubtless attend the
Indian school soon to be opened at Law
rence, Kansas.
Their lovo for and kindness to their !
children is very touching, and it is a great
sorrow to them to be separated from them.
But they aro beginning to feel that civil
ization is the only hope for their children.
These children must bo educated in such
numbera aa to constituto a society, on
their return, to sustain and support each i
other. The avorago Indian boy, though I
educated, is not a martyr. If alone, he
cannot withstand tho petty persecution,
the ridicule and contempt for his " big
talk" and "white ways," to which he
will be subject. Tho chances are he will
go back to his old life and be the great
est savage of them all. The experiment
of educating them must be tried on a
large scale. or it will not succeedl
I waa pained to learn that in ten years
this tribe had decreased one-half, and that
this was trne of most of the transplanted
savage tribes of the territory. In case of
sickness they are as helplesa as children,
and give up all hope. Consumption, pneu
monia, measles and small-pox aro carry
ing them away rapidly.
These vast reservations cannot always
be kept sacred to a few wandering In
dians. The vast tide of emigration ia
aweeping down from the North, up from
the South, and in from the East. It is
stayed at present at the border. But it
is irresistible and will in time sweop away
overy barrior. L3t tho government stay
its progress till the Indian is taught to
cultivato the lands he occupies. Give
him a farm in severalty, make tho title
inalienable for twenty-five years, help him
for a time by his annuities, and then
the lands unoccupied and uncultivated
can be open to civilization, and the Indian
left to fight his own way.
Clirist'a Glory.
How sublime nay, how glorious 1 The
utmost reach of the human mind falla far
below tho conception of this revealed
truth from tho lipi of the Saviour. Ile
had told tho disciplea of hia coming in
his father'a glory with hia angels " to re-
ward every man according to his works."
Some of them beheld what mortal eyes
could see of his glory in tho mount. And
thon in that wonderful prayer, when " he
lifted up his eyes to heaven, and said,
Father, the hour is come ; glorify thy Son,
that thy Son also may glorify thee ;" and
goes on with words of surpassing tender-
ness and lovo to say : " And now, O
Father, glorify thou me with thine own
self with the glory which I had with thee
before the world was." And further
along in that prayer, " Father, I will that
they also whom thou hast given me, bo
with me where I am ; that they may be
hold my glory I" The disciples well knew
of his " low estate," born in a manger,
carried to Egypt to save hia infant life,
bred aa a carpenter, persecuted, and hia
life sought as a criminal, as he went from
place to place ou his mission of mercy,
healing the sick, casting out devils, rais
ing the dead, feedingstarving multitudes,
yet " not where to lay his head." They
had seen the meauness of his treatment,
his " humble " condition, as wo cannot see
it. Then the contrast in the " ages to
come," when he would bring them into
the full light of his glory, not to amazo
them with stupefying wonders, but tak
ing them with him as brethron, heirs
with him to that glory I Oh infinitely
blessed Saviour, the loving kindness of
thy redeeming salvation does nll thisl
There can be nothing more tendorly af
feoting than this yearning prayer of
Christ for those that "como unto him,"
not nlono to place their feet on the
"golden streets of the Now Jerusaleui,"
washed and in white robe3, forever freed
from the consequences of their earthly
sins : this is not all, but in the light of
tho glory of Jehovah in the eternity
past, seo the harmony of hia attributes as
they blend in the amaziug work of re
demption. In this life wo " see through
a glass darklyj" there is inystery, un
fatlioniable, deep, doctrines hard to under
stand. But tho Limb of God will yet
take his Father'a loving children away
onward "into hia glory" "before tho
world was." Will he take you nnd me
there ? I-
Thk receipts of tho American Bible
sooiety for the past year were 508,011.
The amount added to tho trust fund was
53,000. The total of disbureemeuts weie
500,200.89 ; for the foreign work of tho
sooiety to be expended during tho com
ing year, 101085.85 waa appropriated.
Nearly 2,000,000 copies of the Biblo in all
languages wero issued or purchasod by tho
sooiety, among which wero 357 volumea
for the bllnd.
tw JHdvertteemmfs.
WHAT
WIMi convlnco yoii of
tho wondcrnil ctirativo
tirnncrtics comblr.cd In
Hood's SAHSArAniLLA.If tho rcmarkablo
cmca that have bccn eflcctcd by Its uso fall
to impress upon your mlnd this rcpcatcdly
protnfact? Thousands aro using It, and
nll dcclaro that H lt ls a mcdl-
clno possoss- W3 H 1 Ing all and
cvcn more than BBslfea woclalm for
It. My filcnd.lfyou aro slckorln that con
dltlon that yoti cannot call yomsclf either
sick orwell, go nnd gctabottlo of Iloon'fl
Hai'.h.U'Ahii.la, and rcallzo yourself how
iiiis incuicino .
hlts tho rlght
IC0NV1NCE
bjiui, fiuu pillS m m m w H !
all tho inachlncry of your body lnto worklng
From the Rcgistrar of Deedsfor Middlesex
County, Norlhern District.
. I.owr.i.t,. j:a5.
. Jlrssns. C. I. lloon & Co.i (ii-iitkinen
It atforR mo much plca9uro to icronuiicnt
Hooii'h SAitsAfAim.i.A. My iicaltli has
bccn such that for somo yoais past 1 havo
bccn nbllged to tako a toiilc ol some klndin
the snrlng, and havo never fnund anytliln
that hlt my wanta as your Karsapartlla. ls
toties up my system, puritles my blood,
sliariicns my appetlti;, nnd seems to mako
mo over. liespectfully yours.
J. 1'. TIIOMl'SON-.
Ono of our promlnent business mcn sald to
us tho other day: "Intlvc pprlng mywlfa
got all run down and could not eat anything;
passlng your store I sawapllo of Hood's
Sai!sai,ai:ii.i.a lu tho wlndow, atidlgota
bottle. Aftcr sho had bccn taklng lt a week
shehailaroinlng appotltr, and It did her
ceiylhliig. rtio took three bnttles. and lt
was ilio best thieo dollars I ever lnvested."
Hood's Sarsaparilla.
Sold by all drupclsts. l'rlce Sl abottlc,
or six lnpttles for it. ('. 1. 1IOOD & CO.,
Apothccaries. Lowell, Mas3.
The use of the term
"Short I.lne" In con
nectlon wlth the cor
porate name of n great
road, cnnveysan idea of
just what Is required
liy the travellng pub
llc a Sliort Llno. Qulck
Timo and the Best of
nccommodatlons all of
which aro furnlshed by the gratest rallway ln
Amerlci,.
QHICACO,
ILWAUKEE
It owns nnd operates over 4,500 mlles of road
In Korthern Illinols, Wlaconsln, Minnesota,
Iowa and Dakota; and aa Its main lines,
branches and connections reach all tho great
business centers of the Xorthwest and Far
West, lt naturally anxwers the description of
Short Llne, and Best Koute between
Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and
Minneapolis.
Chicago, Milwaukee, La Crosse
ana "winona.
Chicago, Milwaukee, Aberdeen
and Ellendale.
Chicago, Milwaukee, Eau Claire
and Stillwater.
Chicago, Milwaukee, Wausau and
Merrill.
Chicago. Milwaukee, Beaver Dam
and Ophkoah.
Chicago, Milwaukee, Waukesha
and Oconomowoc.
Chicago, Milwaukee, Madison and
Frairie du Chien.
Chicago, Milwaukee, Owatonna
and Faribault.
Chicago, Beloit, Janesville and
Mineral Point.
Chicago, Elgin, Rockford and Du-
buque.
Chicago, Clinton, Rock Isjid and
Cedar Rnpids.
Chicago, Council Bluffs and
Omaha.
Chicago, Sioux City, Sioux Palls
and Yankton.
Chicago, Milwaukee, Mitchelland
Chamberlain.
Rock Island, Dubuque, St. Paul
and Minneapolis.
Davenport, Calmar, St. Paul and
Minneapolis.
Pullmnn Sloepcrs nnd the i'incst Dlnlng
Cnrs ln tlie world aro run nn the maln linea
of thn CIIICACJO, MILWAUKEE & ST.
I'AUIiHAIIiWAV, nnd every attention 13
paid to passengers by conrteoua employes of
the Company.
S. S. Merrill,
(ieu'l Mauager.
J. T. Clark,
Oen'l Supt.
A. V. II. Cnrpenter,
Uen'l I'&si. Asent.
Qen. II. Ilcnfford.
A't Ueu'l 1'asa. Agt.
In tho Vholo Ilistory of
Mcdiciuo
No preparation has over pcrformcd such
marvellous curcs, or maintaincd so
wtde a reputation, as Avnn's Ciieuuy
I'KCTOitAi., which is recognlzed as the
world's remedy for all dlseases of the
tliroat auci luns. Its long-continued
series of woiulerful cures ln all cli
mates has made it univcrsally known
as n safe and relhible agent to employ.
Agalnst ordinary colds, which are tho
foreruuiiers of more scrlous dlsorders,
lt acts specdlly and surcly, always re
llevlnjr suHcriiif;, and often savlng life.
The protection it affords, by Its timely
use lu tliroat aud chost dlsorders,
makus lt nn invaluable remedy to bo
kept always on hand in every homc.
No pprsoii cau nll'ord to be without it,
and tlioo who havo oucc used it never
wlll. From their knowledgo of its
coinposltlon nnd operation, physlclans
use tho Ciu:i!i:Y 1'ncToitAL extenslvely
in their practice, and clerfiymen recom
mend it. It ls absolutoly certain ln
its hcallug ell'ects, aud wlll always
curo whcru cure3 aro posslblu.
For salo by all drugi;lsts.
Yitul Qncstlons ! !
Ask the most emlnent phyelclan
Of any school, whnt ls tho best thing In the
world for qulotlng and allayinK all Irritatlon of
tho nervos and curlng all forms of nervoua
complalnts, givinj; natural, chlldllke, rufresh
Ing sleop always ?
And they wlll tell you nnhesltatingly
" Somo form of Hopsl"
CHAlTKll I.
Ask any or all of the most emlnent phys
lclans: I "What Is tho best and only remedy that can
I be relied on to cure all dlseasea of the kldneyg
I and urinary orpins, such as Ilright's dlsease,
i dlaboies, retontion or inabillty to retaln nrine,
and all the dlseasea and ailmenta pecullar to
wotuen
And thoy will tell you expllcitly and em
phatlcally, " lluchu."
Aak the same phyalciana:
" What ia the most reliable and sureat cure
for nll liver dlseasea or dyspepsla, constlpatlon,
indlgostlou, blllousuesa, malarlal fever, ague,
eto.," and they wlll tell you:
"Mandrakol or Dandollonl"
Ilence, when these remedles are comblnod
with others equally valuable
And compounded lnto Hop Blttera, such a
rconcluded neit week.j
Itug I'ntterns.
Wo have a large
assoitment of
Turklah Ilug
l'atterns from
tliitty cents up.
alogue, descrlblng oach pattern, sent by inall
on rrcolpt of one three-ceut etamp. Agenta
wanted lu every town. Addresa
Mu. & Mus. A. C. UuADKOitn,
07-tf Barre, Vermont.
tfiR w,e' Iji vmir nwn tnwn. Term aml M ontBt
w00ttpo AiMrc II IIAMKT& C'o Purtland, Ma.
dllUril
liMC
IM
i

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