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VERMONT WATOHMAN & STATE JOURNAL, WEDNESDAY, JUI.Y 25, 1883.
T. II. HOSKINS, Nowport, Vt., Edltor.
THE LV.OKNI) OF TIIKOX-NYKD DAISY
Again the fair Narclsins blooms
Within tho gardenVi close,
Its temler flowers, llko roses sweet,
And white n mountaln tnows
Again,,&long the tlusty patlu,
And o'er tho meadows green,
Iiravlng tho tread of carelra feet,
The ilalsy tar are soon.
They come when mnslo fllls tho air,
And beauty robes tho earth,
nnt sadly still thcy lirlng to ralnd
Tho legend of thelr blrtu,
Thoy were not of tho Eden flowers
That crowncd our mother's hatr
When ln her liappy lnnocenco
She walked the garden fair,
But when before tho flamlng sword
Our gullty rarcnta nod,
I.cavlng the fair aud odorons bowers
Where hcavenly balm was shedl
Out f rom the home of all thelr joy,
The garden rlcli and raro,
They bore llie burden of thelr sln,
Thelr shamo and thelr desp.il r.
The earth accursed, wlth sullen frown,
Received thelr wanderlng feet,
And not a flower ln all thelr way
Pprang up thelr steps to greet.
Then deep repentance fllled thelr hearta,
While tear-dropa fell llko ratn,
And all the pltytng loro of flod
Was ruoved to sootho thelr paln,
He said, Where tears of Adam fall
Let oic-eyed dal lea grow
Wlth sunllt heart of yellow
And potals white aa snow;
And when the wanderlng eons of rnen
Theso starry blooms snall flmi,
Let tliem remeinber, Uod I? Jnst,
Ilut pltlf nl and klnd.
"And where tho woman's contrlte tcant
Upon the carth shall flow,
There let tho fair narclssus bloom
The solace of her woe;
And when her sorrowlng daughters aeo
The pure and frngrant algn,
Then let them know that love and truth
Ate graces all dlvlne."
Enrly (iinl Lato Cut Ilny.
Tho Maino State Industrial college,
with no larger ondowment than that of
Vermont, has, beaides educating a goodly
number of farmors' sons to the business
of agriculture, dono inuch of practical
utility in the way of settling by careful
oxperiruent some diflicult questlons in
connection with fatming. The well
known test, mado for several years on tho
college farm with cooked and uncooked
food, clearly provod that there is no ad
vantage in cooking food for swino. This
alone has been worth hundreds of thou-
sands of dollars to American farmora
The college has now gone praotioally at
the work of solving the relative feeding
value of early and lato cut hay for dairy
feeding. It is well known to our readera
that Professor Sanborn, late of the New
Ilampshire and now of the Missouri agrl
cultural college, denied the superior value
of early cut hay as feed for working oxen
or fatting cattle. There is hardly any
question in agriculture of more pecuniary
importance to our f armers than this. The
Maine college grappled with it systematl
cally, and the results of one season's tests
are given as f ollows :
" A field of grass of uniform quantity
and quality, consisting mostly of clean
herdsgrass, with a very little white-weed
daisy, intarmized, was selected and di-
vlded into plots two and one-half rods in
width and twenty rods in length. The
grasa upon the first, third and fifth plots
was cut when in full bloom, July 11th ;
and thosecond, fourth andsixth plots were
cut twenty days later, August 3d, when
the seed had becomo hard, but not sufll
ciently ripe to shell in harvesting.
" The weight of hay cut early, at time
of putting in tho barn, was 2,931 pounda
per acre. "Weight of same February 14th,
2,075 pounds ; shrinkage, eight and three-
fourths per cent.
" The weight of hay cut late, at time of
harvesting was 3,150 pounds per acre,
Weight of samo February 14th 2,002
pounds; shrinkage, fifteen and one-half
" The greater shrinkage in the lato cut
hay is probably owing to its being
weighed directly from the bunches that
had stood in the fiold over night. The
amount of winter dry hay from each cut-
ting was practically the same.
" Chemical analysis of the hay showed
the followmg composition :
Molsturo 10.7 per cent.
ir?teln u perceut.
' v 3.3 per cent.
Mtrogon-free extract 4f.S per cent.
C'rude Flbre 27,7 lKI cent.
An 3.8 per cent.
MoWure 7.8 per cent.
l"roteln 4.6 per cent.
Jf" 2.8 per cent.
Mtrogen-free extract .11 per cent.
Crnde Flbre SU.2 ceQt,
Ah 3.11 per cent.
" To test the comparative feeding value
of this hay, two cows as evmly mated as
possible wero selected, each being cross
bred, seven-eighths Jersoy and one-eighth
Ayrshire. They wero comparatively
fresh, having been in milk but a few
weeks. They each received three pounds
of corn meal, threo pounds of cotton-seed
meal, ono and one-half pounds of bran,
and twenty pounds of hay daily through
out tho entire period of feeding.
" Bos8 was fed during the first period of
twelvo days upon late hay, the first uix
being in preparation and to overcomo the
influenoe of previous feeding, and tho
milk product of tho last six days of tho
period, was taken as tho result of tho late
hay. At tho closo of tho first period, her
feed was changod to early hay, and she
was fed upon this during the second
period of twelvo days, tho first six to do
stroy tho influenco of previous feeding as
before, and tho last six, tho milk produced
represented tho result of the early hay
consumed during that time. Tho third
period her hay was tho lato cut, fed as in
tho first. This feeding alternately on
late and early hay was coqtinued through
six periods of twelvo days each, or
" Tho croam,waa raisod and butter mado
from it under slmilar conditions during
each period, tho butter beiDg made from
the milk of ono day, and calculated for
the poriod from tho number of pounds of
milk requirod for one pound of butter.
The total amount of f nt contained in each
day's milk was ascertained by chemical
" Tho samo course of feeding and tost-
ing was repoated with Pet, oxcopting
when Bess had lato hay Pet had early,
and when Bess had early Pet had lato.
This was for tho purposo of equalizing
the influenco of tbo variation of tompora
turo that might ocour.
Flrat Late Ilav
Hecond, Early Hay
Third Late Hay
Konrtu Early Hay
Flfth Lato Hay
HUth Early Hay
167.37 21.5 19.4D
lb'1.37 19.S 20.0
178.43 20 21.75
157.01 21.5 17.04
lm Wi 20 17.69
151.12 20 18.94
Klrst Early Hay
Hecond Lato Hay
Third Early Hay
Kourth Late Hay
J'ltth Early Hay
Hlxth Late Hay
" It was found that 270 lbs. of mixod
grain and 720 lbs. of early hay, produced
000.12 lbs. of milk, which yielded 52.08
lbs. of butter, and tho milk contained
37.3G lbs. of fat. The same quantity and
quality of grain as above, fed in connec
tion with 720 lbs. of late hay, gave 021.15
lbs. of milk, which yielded 52.85 lbs. but
ter, the milk containing 35.3 lbs. fat.
In this test the comparative valuo of
the early and late hay for milk production
was as 100 to 03.34 ; or, the daily feeding
ration of 20 lbs. of early hay was equal to
21.42 lbs. of late hay for tho samo pur
poso. There was practically no differcnce
in the amounts of butter obtained from
each fodder. It was feared that tho appe-
tites of the animals might not bo as good
for the late as for the early hay, but such
was not the case to any serious extent.
In only two of the six changes from early
to late, was there any dislike cxhibited,
and this was overcomo during the first
day of feeding upon it.
" In onoof the six changes from late to
early, thero was nearly tho samo dislike
manifested. This was somewhat surpris
ing, as tho early hay was green and
fresh, while tho late was evidently nearly
" It must, however, be borne in mind
that the weather during the last haying
season was unusually favorablo to late
standing grass, no rain of consequenco oc
curring after July 10th.
" Theso results show much less differ
ance in the nutritive value and palatabil
ityof hay harvested at a much later pe
riod, thanjias generally been supposed to
D. T. Averill, Northfield, Vt., writes:
" I havo just harvested a good crop of
strawberries from plants set in Mayr1882.
This being the first crop, I desire to
secure another from the same vines.
From your experience, should you say it
could be easily done? If so, I should be
pleased to learn, through your depart
ment, how to proceed j what to do, and
when to do it. The runuers were not
disturbed, but did not fully cover the
ground last fall, but the vacancies are
now fast filling. I am told to spade up
tho old row of vines and leavo the run
ners on the intervening spaces. I would
like to know tho best process to get a fair
second crop from the same vines. The
variety is Wilson. '
RErLY by Agricultural Editok.
We are glad to see and hear of our farm
ers engagmg in sraall as well as large
fruit culturo. The villages of Vermont
do not yet receive one quarter tho amount
of such fruits that they would willingly
consume. We have every year, at loast
four times as many orders as we can fill
for strawberries and currants. The only
difficulty wo havo is in getting pickers,
Vermont is too rich a state for women
and children to want to work at anything
away from home.
ivegaraing uir. Averurs question, we
may say wai we navo rareiy tound any
profit in running a strawberry bed more
than one season. The seeds of dande
lion, plantain, white dover, grass and
five-finger find just tho spots they need to
secure protection and growth under tho
shelter of strawberry plants. In our beds
just picked thero are ten young dande
lions to every strawberry plant, and an
equal proportion of several otker weeds.
To pull theso all out by hand, and their
successors again and again, is very much
more laborious and expensive than to set
a now bed in the spring and keep it clean
with a hoo until tho plants cover tho
ground. In tho spring you will then, in
a new bed, find about as much weedlng
to do as any reasonablo man need ask for.
Nevertheless we have, occasionally, run
a bed two seasons. For convenience of
picking, tho rows of a strawberry bed
ought not to be much moro than three
feet wide, with a two fest path between.
If Mr. Averill will, when his bed is cov
ered with plants, spade in such a path bo
tween such strips, (digging in tho old
plants preferably, as he has been advised,)
and will then carof ully reraove tho weeds
from the rows and paths two or three
times between now and tho timo tho
ground f reezes up, he will (provided wo
havo a favorablo winter) get a very good
picking next year. At the samo timo, un
less we aro mistaken, ho will concludo
that a new bed every year is the cheapest.
Tho Wilson strawberry, whioh Mr.
Averill plants, is a standard variety and
ono very diflicult to surpass, although it
has its defeots. From our experionoo
during threo years, wo should adviso tho
planting, in alternato rows with Wilson,
tho Crescent, a littlo earlier, and tho Chief,
later, so that with the three kinds in one
bed, the soason is prolonged conslderably.
Both tho Croscont And Chiof are plstll
lates, and thoroforo requiro to bo plantod
near a perfcct flowered variety llko tho
Wilson, to yiold a full crop. For growing
plants for sale, a plot of oach should be
planted soparately, but roorely for a bed
to be picked from, a littlo mlxing of the
plants is of no consoquonce, ospocially for
a noar market. The Crescent is too soft
to ship far, but tho Chief is as firm as tho
Wilson. Strawborrios grow largor, fruit
more abundantly, and bear longer when
plantod on raoist (not wet) land.
Sand on Wot Mcndovr.
II. L. W. writes : " In ans wor to Young
Farmer' as regards doubling his hay
crop, i wouia aaviso using sana as an
absorbent in the stable behind the cattle
and in tho hog-pen. Much good manuro
can be made in this way, and 1 think it
would work well on wot muck soil. I
would not adviso plowlng it, but would
harrow It in, or top-dress with it. For
sandy land would uso muck as an absorb
ent. Cows should be stablod overy night
in the year and tho liquid saved. It is
worth as much as the manure."
Notk nr AoKicrjLTUKAL JiniTon. This
is very good advico, but " Young Farmor "
said he had no manure to sparo. We have
an idea that an inch or two of fino sand
spread evenly alone on such a moadow
would bo of benefit to the grass. We
hope more of our readers will come to'
" Young Farmer's " assistance, as the
subjectis of general interest. We should
also like practical mon's ldeas about sta-
bling cows every night of the year. It ac-
cumulates manure in the barn for inow
itig andcultivatedcrops,but how about the
pasturos : Is it not robbing Petor to pay
Paul, as the saying is ? Como, Mr. Arms,
Mr. Pitkin, Mr. Averill and all tho rest
of you, take a showory moment and give
us your views on theso matters.
What puzzles us about Dr. Loring's
conduct is that when he took ofilce as
commissioner of agriculture July 1, 1881,
he had no Bympathy with the sorghum
oxpcriments, and only last fall, according
to tho statement of Professor Beal, of the
Michigan agricultural college, exprossed to
himhis dislike of the sorghum enterprise;
then in Decombor weafc down to St. Louis
to the cane growers national association
and was full of praise of the sorghum in'
dustry. While this was going on ho was
playing fast and loose with the special re
port of the national academy of sciences,
which fully endorsed Professor Collier;
finally in his oflicial report of Noveraber
20th last, said this report of the academy
was a valuable one, and would soon be
published ; but while the sorghum sugar
men have waited, and are waiting still
for that report, it has not been published,
though Dr. Loring's speech at St. LSurS
December 14th was published as special
report No. 51, and No. 50 was out in
February. AVe see it is easy for Dr.
Loring to get out his own speeches
promptly, but a valuable report must He
months. Now all this twisting of opin-
ion and conduct in our commissioner is
what strangely puzzles us.
At tho Wisconsin experimont Station
last season, three and one-sixth acre3 of
sorghum wero planted, with the following
Weight of strtpped cano 75,262 pounda,
l'erceut ot Cttae sugar ln Julce 1J.B9 injuudi,
l'er cent of glacose 111 Juice 3.95 pounds,
Amount of sugar separated :
First cryitalllzatlon 2,U6Ji pounds,
octuuu uijBiauw'.ilHUU. pOUntlS,
Total amount ot sugar 2.846W pounds
nyrup untlnea f rom the sugar. 315 gallous
0cniuuwiuni lu uusueig,ai pounus eacu.
The cost of mauufacturing the uure-
fined sugar, including cost of cane, was
four and a half cents per pound. The
valuo of the seed is not taken into ac
count. The sugar is a good article,
nearly white, coarse-grained aud dry, and
is in all respectj equal to tho best sugar
made from southeru cane.
Grai'E Catsup. Any variety will make
the catsup, and it will be nice, but the
tart is preferred. Let five pints of grapes
simmer till they are so soft that you can
rub all but tho seeds through a colauder
with easo. After this is done add two
pints of brown sugar, ono pint of vinegar,
two tablespoonfuls each of allspice, cloves
and cinnamon, one and a half tea-spoons
fuls each of mace, one of salt, and half a
tea-spoonful of red pepper. Put all in a
porcelain kettle, let boil slowly till as
thick as you llko catsup to be. Tho grape
must bo picked from the stems, and bo
washod thoroughly, or they will be gritty,
and the catsup be spoiled.
An English journal (Pall Mall Gazette)
says : " Tho whims of fashion aro said
be good for trado. They certainly speed
tho circulation of monoy. But the sum-
merof prosperity they oreato is nearly
always followed by a very hord winter,
1ms is the view of tho subject which
havo tried to impress upon tho mind
Tnu Wealthy Aitlk. Wo find the
following in tho correspondence coluran
of tho agricultural departmentof thoMiU'
.auor TrWune ; Wbat Is the soason of the
Wealthy appie? I understand It orlglnated ln
iuurouuu. ludlow, vt,
From Uecenibor to Maroli 15, It orlglnated
ou mo uaiiKH oi imkq nuiiueiouKa, turoui;li tli
Uandn of l'oter M. Uldeon,
Sauck kou Boilhu Fisir. Put into
saucepan ouo-fourth pound of butter and
the juico of a good-sized lemon, with
pepper and Balt to tasto j beat up all to
gether until thick and qulto hot j do not
allow it to boll. Ilemovo It from tho firo
and add the beaten-up yolks of two eggs.
Fatnter and falnler may fall on my ear
Tho volce that I sveeter than tnualo to bear)
More and more eagerly then will I llit,
That neyer a word or an accont be mlssod.
Rlowor and 1owcr Uio footatep may grow,
Whoio fall l tho pleasantest sound that I know
Qulcker and cjulcker my glad heart shall learn
To catcb lts talnt echo and bless Its return.
Whlter and whltcr may tnrn wlth each day
Tho locks that so aadly aro changlng to gray
Vearer and dearer shall theso seem to me
Tho fewer and whlterand thlnner they be.
Weaker and woaker may bo the llght claep
Of tho hand that I hold so secure In my graapi
Stronger and stronger my own to tho last
W1U cllng to It, holdlng lt tenderly fast.
Darker and darker aboye theo may spread
The clouds of a fato that i( hopeless and dread)
nrlghter and brlghter the sun of my lore
Will shlne, aU tho shadowl and ralsts to remove.
Enry and tnallco thy llfe may assall,
Faror and fortune and frlendshtp may fall)
But perfect and sure, and undylng shall be
Tho trnst ot thla heart that Is centered In theel
Tho "Glrl" Qaestioii.
One of tho most vexcd, perplexed, but
yet important questions of the day is the
girl question ; the problem of how the
work ot tne nousenola is to bo done, and
how more efficlent help is to be prooured
and kept. ine decay ot tno home spint
is a decay that is to bo greatly deplored.
Whatever saps that foundation is work
ing ruin in the moral, social, political,
educational, and religious foundations of
tho world. There ought to be hands,
and heads, and hearts euoufrh on our
great continent to save us from this ruin,
and to secure lor our people tne privileges
of home life.
But the troublo is, most of us wish to
bo freed from all cares. and responsibili-
ties, and perplexities on tho subject. Wo
do not wish to " hght and run away, in
order that we may live to renew the
" fight another day," but to run away and
abandon the fight altogether. The plan
of having co-operativo kitchens seems to
bo quita seriously mooted, so that we may
have our cooking " done out ; " then with
tho laundrying " done out," the educating
of the children " done out," tho sewing
'done out, etc, there realiy will not
seem to oe very mucn leit to bo " dono
in," nor, indeed, much individuality left
m the home.
Women are not convinced, often and
elcqueutly as they are told it, that their
true mission, " their rifrbt divine and un
questionable," is to create good, true,
pure, beautiful homes. Yet the woman
who cau create a home that her husband
will carry in his heart all day and return
to ciadiy at night ; a home ln which her
children grow into all beautiful nght-
nving ana ngnt-imnKing; to which
friend cau come, and feel rested and
strengthened, and the wayfarer recall as a
biessea oasis, is a woman who has ner
formed tho highest mission on earth.
Her lntluence is not conuned and cir
It is essential that each home should
have its own distinct individuality ; and
tnat it snonid do well and comiortably
"kept." The art of " keepincr house"is
only a part of the necessary means to an
end, out it is an important, even thouch
a subordinate part. Tho cookintr of food.
the washing of dishes, and the setting of
tabies, the sweeping, dustmg, bcd-makmg,
etc, must be done ; and there appears to
bo a great dearth ot means to have them
comiortably well done.
A revolution in a certam hottsehold
after an uneasy reign of servants seems
to suggest a possible solution of the prob
lem. A tall and slender young girl, with
quiet, lady-ntce ways, entered the famtly
to do the " general hou3owork," and she
does it quietlv and iaitluully. She al
ways speaks promptly and pleasantly
when it is necessary or when she is ad
dressed, but she never intrudes herself or
her remarks. fahe is self-respecting and
dignified ; and she is respected, and, ah 1
how heartny approved and appreciated,
She has her faults ; but who of us has
That this happy adjustment of house.
hold labor is not of teuer seeu is due to
two evils. The most evident one is that
our American girls loso sicrht of what is
due to others in their determination to as-
sert their own position and dicnitv: that
they seem rudo and forward when they
attempt any such occupation. Xhev fail
to realize that their very self-assertion is
their own humiliation, and that the post
tion, whatover it may be, does not honor
or dignify the person, but that it is the
lndividual that digmlies the position.
If it wero not considered a disgrace to
perform the essential labor in a home, to
do housework ; if it were, instead, thoucht
to be not only a respeotable but a com-
mendame occupation, one ot the greatest
objections to accepting such positions
would be renioved. 'ihen, undoubtedly.
our own American girls than whom
none aro capable of being more apt and
auaptive wouid noip us m the solution
ot ono oi our greatest national dllhculties
Our homes must be saved to us ; their do
mcsticity, thelr individuality, their sanc
tity, must bo rescued f 10m the evils that
threaten them ; and our girls, too, must
be savod from tho exposure and the
teniptation, from the waut, despair, and
sm wuicn are now an appallmg ovil.
But the second troublo is to find mis-
tresses capablo of takiug tho charge and
" oversight ot their own houaehold
arrangements, and willing to do it. They
must be prepared to take young girls and
givo them necessary instructions. They
must remember that they have huraan
souls to deal with, not mere machines,
and must deal with them with the faith-
fulness and justice they desire to receive
Thore is a deep social problem under
noath this difliculty. It cannot be solved
by a tirado against poor servants or poor
mistresses. vjooKing-soiiooia lor ladies or
cooks will not relieve us. Editorials di.
rected to woman's incapaoity aud oxtrava-
ganco wiu nardiy touon tho matter. Alen
must bo desirous to have homes: they
i 1 a : i ; i . . .
iiiuol icava uuuiiuiuiuu wiieii iney leavo
tneir siore, and do content to breakfaat.
anu aino, ana sup in a " homelv " wav.
High seasoning must be taken from our
tabies, and the splce ot variety must be,
liko other spices, moro sparingly used,
Moals a la liusie : drawing-rooms, parlors.
reception-rooms, boudolrs, etc, fllled with
bric-a-brao ; gowna of delicate f abrlo put
togethor with countless stitches cannot
bo the daily food, sheltor, and raituent for
a tamliy conduoted m a " homelv " wav,
We must curtall these things or glvo up
sweot, quiot, restful, wholesome, loving
Tho IJcst J'lro to Droll a iSteak.
Now, let us suppose a siuiilar beefsteak
to be cooked by radiant heat, with tho
leost possible co-operation of convection.
To effeot this, our source of heat must be
a good radiator. Glowlng solids aro bot
tr radiators than ordlnary flames ; thoro
foro coko, or charcoal, or ordlnary coal,
after its bltumlnous matter has done its
flaming, should bo used, and tho stoak or
ohop may bo placed in front or above a
surface of such glowlng carbon. In or
dlnary domestio practice lt is placed on a
gridiron above the coal, and thoroforo I
will consider this case first. Tho object
to bo atfained is to raise tho julces of the
moat throughout to about the torapera-
turo oi ono nunarea anu oignty ciogrees
Fahrenheit as quickly as possible, in order
that the cookery may be completod before
the water of theso julces shall havo had
timo to ovaporate to any considerable ex
tent ; theretoro tho meat should bo placed
as near to tho surface of the glowing car
bon as possible. But the practical house
wife will say that if placod within two or
threo inches, eome of tho fat will be
melted and burn, and then the stoak will
bo smoked. Now, hero we requiro a little
more chcmlstry. There is smoking and
smoking smoking that produces a do-
testabio navor, and smoking that does no
mischief at all beyond appearance. Tho
flamo of an ordlnary coal firo is due to
the distillation and combnstlon of tarry
vapors. II such a Hamo Btrikes a com
paratively cool surface like that of the
meat, it will condense and deposit thereon
a film of crude coal-tar and coal-naptha,
most nauseous and rathor mischievous ;
but if tho flame be that which is caused
by the combustion of its own fat, the de
posit on a mutton-chop will be a little
muttoh-oil, ou a beefsteak a little beef-oil
moro or less blackened by mutton-carbon
or beef-carbon. But these oils aud car-
bons have no other flavor than that of
cooked mutton and cooked beef ; there
foro they aro perfectly iunocent, in Bpite
of their Kuilty black appearances. W.
Mattieu WiUiams, in lJopular Scicnce
Every young man considers it hicrh
praise to be called a " manly f ellow ;" aud
yet how many f alse ideas there are of
uanllness I i'hysical strength is not the
test. Samson was endowed with tre
meudous bodily powers. He was a grand
speclmen oi humanity. bee him reuding
the Hon as he would a kid, or carrying
away tho gates of Gaza I But he was a
weak creature after all, unable to resist
the wiles ot an artlul woman. (ireat in
tullect is not the test of truo manbood.
Some of tho most intellectual men who
have ever lived were not manly. Lord
Francis Bacon was a prodicrv of intellect,
lhe sciences sat at his feet extolllng him
as their benef actor ; yet we see him led
down lower llill, a prisoner, for swind'
Ung. iast imng is not true mauliness,
bome meu think that to strut, aud puu,
and swear, is to be manly. To somo the
etiseatiala of mauliness are to " toss off
their glass like a man," " spend money
f reely liko a man," " smoke like a man,"
" drive a fast horse like a man," forget-
ting that virtuo is truo mauliness. JLem
peruuce, chastity, truthfulness, lortitude,
and beuevolence are tho characteristics
and essentials of manlinoss. To be manly
is to be honest, generous, brave, uoble,
aud pure, in speech and lile. The higher
form of inauliuess is godliness. Some one
has said, " Au honest man is the noblest
work of God," but the uxau who is houest
toward God and toward his iellow-man
in short, a Cbristian uian is the noblest
work of God. John IS. Gough.
If the Spectator were a clergyman ho
would always aocompany tho weddine
ceremony with a briei exhortation, and
he would always take for his text, " Be
Courteous. According to his observa-
tlon, more colduesses and estrangements,
if not more absolute quarrels and separa-
tions, crow out oi a disregard oi the com'
mou rulo of courtesy in married life than
lrom any other cause. Xae wife cets up
aud goes olf to give a direction to ner ser
vants while her husband is m the middle
of a sentence ; if he wero any other gentle-
man she would at leaat say, " iiixcuso me
a moment.'' The wife coines into the
r oo ui, aud the husband sits still iu his
chair ; if any other lady enters, he rises
and otlera her one. If a guest is coiniug
to tho house, the lady oi tho house is
dressed aud at tbo door ready to receive
him ; if it is only her husband, she has no
Wttlcome. If a lady is at table as a guest,
the geiitleniau brings some topic oi aocial
conversatiou to eutertaiu her with her tea
and berries ; it the wife is the only lady,
he sits silent, or even whips aletterora
newspaper out of his pocket and reads to
himself . Madam I no gentlemuu is eu
titled to such dtstiugmshed considera
tlon as your husband. Sir I uo lady is
eutitled to such deferential treatmenc as
your wifo. The truth is, with most of
us, manner is liko a dress suit, put on
upon special occasious ; whereas it ought
to be like our skin, put on from within,
and never to be takeu off while we are
alive. Christian Union.
Keop Your Thoughts Sncrcd.
A worthy wife of lorty years' standing,
and whose life was not made of sunshiuo
and peace, gave tho following sensiblo ad
vico to a married pair of her acquaiut
auce. The advico is so good and so well
suited to married people, as well as those
who intend enteriug that state, that we
publish it for the bunetit of sucli persons.
1'reserve sacredly the privaoy of your own
house, your marriago state aud your heart.
Let no father, motuer, brother or sister,
over presumo to come between you two or
to sharo the joys or sorrows tnat belong
to you two aiono. With God's help build
your own quiet world, not allowiug
your dearest earthly f rieud to bo the cou
tident of aught that concerns your do
mestio peace. Let moments of ahenation,
if they occur, be healed at once. Nover,
uo nover, speak of it outaido, but to each
other yield graceiully aud confess, and all
will como out right. Nf.ver let to-mor-row's
sun still find you at variance. Ke
viow aud renew your vow j it will do you
good, aud thereby your bouIs will grow
togeiher, cementod in that love which is
stronger than deatb, and you will become
truly one. Selected.
Husiiands aro bo stupidl Thostory
iu tho Juuo Drawer of u man who weut
to towu with his wife to do orrauds, aud
was Boroly perplexed at niUsing somethiug
on his return,' uutil he reaohod home aud
fouud ho had forgotten his wife, remiuds
Bomebody of a woman iu Philadelphia
who gave her husband Bix commissious to
exeouto iu Now 1'ork. He telegraphed
baok that ho had exeouted ilvo aud forgot
teu tho last. It was au order for au il
lumluatod sentence for a Suuday-school
room. He was u good deal astomshed
wheu ho received tue roply : " Unto us
this day a ohild is boru two feet wide
aud uino feet long." Uarper's Magazine.
FituNCii dressos aro tho adopted fity)es
for little oues. Theso neatly and simply
mado robes aro espeoially favored where
wash material is selcotod.
Ringworm tlumor and Salt-Mieum.
JtAYNHAM. Mass., Allg. 12, 1878.
r. I. JIooi)&Co.t Ot'iitlcincn
1 havo liatl rliiRWorm limnor aml Ralt-rheum
o badly tliat niy liody was covcrcd wlth raw
Mircs: so. niao. my hcad and face. 1 havo
1ijV.i1 nny ttlnnbcr oi doctors In tho lastseven
ytars.and nnne of thcni could curo mc. Ona
l!y iny tnothcrwaB ln tho cltyo Taun on,
nnd tdiuui ono ol your cook hooks, nnd ln
lcadlURU I found many pcoiilc tustlfylnBto
rurcsfrn tho useof your Haisjiwrina aml
Ollvo Onitn'ont. 1 lclt forccd tq try it.
nlthotm i hnd sccn many thliiRs advcrtlscd
that nt'vcr dld mo nny t;nod. 1 liavo now
taken t0 nniall hottlcs and ono largo ono qt
Barsapsinia, nnd used threo hoxcs of Olnt
tncnt. i now call myself cured. NothlnK
can ho 9Ccn of tho limnor but tho dlm out
llnes of ti,o sorci. I shall tako two moro
bottlcs, f ,i then tho curo will hu comnlcte.
Bilhiisness, Sick Headacha.
Mp.ssn.i.c. I. floop ft Vo.i icnts I'lea90
wnd mo hy cxnrct two linttloi lloon's SAn
HAi'AiiiLLAaiulafew Cook liooks for dls
irlhiithm. your preparation hai wnrkcd
wonders In tho case ot my wife, who has
I'ccn trouhleri wlth slck lieadache and hll
ioiuncss for yerira. Sho nny' took one-half
tcaapnonful at a dosc, and ha'a not hecn so
well for Ilvo ears as now. Sho found that
wlthluawcck nftcr taklnc lt!ho fclt very
much bctter. a.ui i now cnllicly fieo from
those sevcro hcadacliea. She has not taken
any .,f,.a."y .ncc.iit slnco last Fpilng, and
what littlo sho haa Is lcnt to dosomo others
somo good, and wtj mmt havo lt ln the house.
HO.Mtn B. KAsn.
Issold hy all drncglRth, Trlcc St, or six
larco bottlrs for S5. rropared onlyhyC. t
1IUOU t'().. Apothccailcs. Lowell, Mass.
HT" USC llOOD'S TOOTf I.I'oWliKIl.
WHOISUNACQUAINTtD WITH THC OIOOnAfpHYOrTHia COUN
TRY WILL 6CC BY tXAMIHINO THIS My THAT THE
CHICAGO, ROCK ISLAND & PACIFIC R'Y
By tho central position of Its ltnc, connects tho
East and the West by tho Bhoztetit routo, and car
rics passenKorB, without chaupto of carn, between
ChicaRO and Kansas City, Council BluirBIjeaven
worth, Atchlnon, MlnneapoliB and St. Paul. It
connects ln Unlon Depota wlth all tho prlnclpal
ltnes of road between tno Atlantto and tho Paeiflo
Oceans. Its eqnipmcnt is unrlvalcd and magnltl
cent, beinff composed of Most Comfortablo and
Beautiful Day Coaches, Maniflcent Ilorton Re
cllniuc Chalr Cars, Pullman'a Prettlest Palaco
SlccplnK Uara, and tho Dest Ltno of Dlnlnpr Cars
in tho World. Threo Traina between Chicaco and
Missouri Itiver Polnts. Two Trains between Chl
oagoand Mlnneapolls and St. Paul, vla thoFamous
"ALBERT LEA ROUTE."
A Now and Direct Llne, vla Sonoca and Kanka
kee, has rccently been opencd between Richmond,
Norfolk.Newport Ncwb, Chattanuoffa, Atlanta, Au
Kuata, Nashvlllo. Louisville, LoxlnRton, Clncinnati,
Indfanapolis and Iiafayette, and Omaha, Mlnneap-
nlln nntl Ht. Paul nnd 1nrrmfriiAtn noints.
AU Through Passengera Travol oa rastTUTItBa
Tickcta for eale at all prlnclpal Ticket Offlces in
tho United Statcs and Canada.
EapcenE checked throueh and ratcs of fare al
ways ati low aa competltora that oirer Icbs advan
taeca. For detailcd Information, get tho Haps and Fold
era of tho
GREAT ROCK ISLAND ROUTE
At your neareat Ticket OUlee.or addrcss
R. R.CADLE, . E. ST. JOHN,
l'rei. iHien'l U'g'r, Gcn'l Tkt. i Taii. lt,
(Qmtinucdjrom latt week.)
How Waich Cases are Made.
This process of manufacturo was inventcd
by Jamcs lloss, who startcd in business in
1S51, and tlie mqthods and tools uswl in
' making thcsc watch cases are covcred by
patcnts. This is the only xcatch case made
under this process. For many years the in
troduction of theso goods was slow, owing
to popularprejudice against "plated" goods,
but gradually tho public lcarned that the
Jamc3 lloss' Gold Watch Case was not a
cheap gold-uashed or electro-platcd article,
but was made of gcnuine gold platca oi
standard quality and thickncss. Conscicntious
adhereueo to tlic determination to mako
tho bcst watch caso ever put on the market,
and tho adoption of wcry iinprovcment
fciiggestcd, has made tho Jamcs Iioss' Gold
Watch Case the STANlUKn. -Egjwmc
ln this watch caso the parts
most sulijcct to wear tho bou;croun, hinges,
thumb-catches, etc, aro mado of solid gold,
Bn.l S trnt Ump to Kf Jitoue Wal(h Tu I'lttorl... FMU.
delbU, Ta , ror bafltliamelllattrttFil rftraphlttihowlBg how
iuat Uow1 totl krjttuac 1atrb Cutt are pnde.
(7b be continued.) i
I will rell at rubllc auctloa on Thnrarirty, Septem
lier U7, 1883, at ono o'clock, r. ., my
Home Farm of 200 Acres
aituated ono mtle nouth of Marshfield village, on the road
to Monti ller, There U a roo.1 sutiar orchardof 800 treen
and 14 good npple orchard euftlclent for famlly un, The
bulMlngti aro nearly new and ln good condltion. The
house u mouse and rat proof, wlth cementI cell&r,
Oood Boft, durable water runs to house aud barns, and
never falU. The farm U well ittvldod and under a good
Btato of cuUlTOtlon,
Will Out Eighty Tons of Hay.
I liave a n'lantlty of tmckpasturealsoforsale. Iwould
Uke iiarth-fl wlahlntf to ptirchae,tocoine and see lt before
the crops are ln or hay ls cut and ln the bam, and ftee
for lueuiMlvra uhat the farm U. Alfo.ou AVciluea
Ih7, Uct, 3. 1883, at one o'clock, r. u.,
A Farm in Woodbury, Vt.,
at the head of West Long 1'ond. on the West Woodbury
rottd leAdlug from Hardwick throuifh WorctvtertoMont
jwller. Coutalns alwut 175acrea,elldlvtded,Uie inow
Ing being moBtly meadow and lntervale, and
Outs Pif teon Tons of Hay,
wlth lusturage. AUocontalns alarge aMortmentot tlm
ber, and a young ainile aml tugar orchard. lt hai two
gooil barns the houre waa burned two yeai, ago. Xev
er-talllng soft water runs to lhe barns. lloth farms will
be sold un oasy terois to sult turihaMrt.
JOHN E. UI)1)V,
Marshfield, Tt ilay 2i, 1881.
Fifty Dollars Reward.
On Uio mornlng or July 6 1 dUcovered that a burglar
or burglar had eutered my liuuw during the nlgbt and
had taken my pauta from my sleeplng room, Buarcheil
the pockets aml left them on the front veranda outslde.
1 am uot awaru that the thlevtw secuml from me any
thlug valuable '1'hey ovuilooked ln my Test pocket,
and a watch. Keveral other housM In my neltrhborbood
were euteretl the un night aud tirobably by the same
tieisons, from whlcli valuable watvbm and considerable
snins of uiouey wero stolen. 1 hereby olter a reward of
I lf ty DollHra to any peraou or enons who will gtve
Inforuiatlou tliat wlU secure the arieat and convlctlou ot
auy of the burglain who entered the liouses aforesald
during the night iirlor to the mornlng ot July 6, 169.1,
Iiayable Imniedlately after couvlctlon. This offer will
remaln for one year. T, J, DEAV1TT.
Montiwller. July 7. 1883. 01-tt
fCRR a weck In your own towti. Trms and ii outflt
w"" frco. Addrest U. llAuxt & Oo., lVrtlaud, ite.