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The Vermont watchman. (Montpelier, Vt.) 1883-1911, July 25, 1883, Image 4

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VERMONT WATCIIMAN & STATE ,TOXJKNAT WEDNESDAY, JULY 25, 1883.
WEDNESDAY, JULY 25, 1883.
Tibks-$2.00 tor yor "trlctty ln dvanco or 2.S0 If
not cald within thrce montht.
Tiii: colorod pross nssoolation at St.
Louls resolved ia favor of spolllng ncgro
with a capital " N." And why not whito
man wlth as much proprioty ? A Whito
Man ls as good as a nig Negro, any day.
IIkfkrkiko to tho Tildon booni, tliat
outspoken domocratio Bheot, tho Brooklyn
Eagle, says : " Would not tho party out a
ludlcrons ilguro ahouting about a fraud
that ought to havo beon redrossed
in 1880, which it had tho opportunity to
redresa, and whioh it deolined to give
battle for. In this respoct tho party
would not bo nnliko a woman who should
como to court complaining of rape oight
yoars aftcr it was committed, and saying
that she had just woko up to theonormity
oftho outrage."
Tiie old-faahioned democrats of Ohio
do not tako very kindly to Judgo Hoadly
aa tho nomineo of tho party for governor.
Ilis preaent democraoy ia only five or Bix
yeara old, and thoy very naturally think
that Genoral Ward, who was born a dom
oorat and has never beon anything elso,
should have beon uominated. Ex-Sonator
Thurman is of this opinion, and will givo
Judgo Hoadly but an indifferent support,
evcn if ho votos for him. He is reported
aa saying at tho convention that tho ticket
would bo defeated and deserves to bo de
feated. Oiieulin was the firat college in Amer
ica to mako an experiment of co-education
ou an amplo soale. For tho firat twonty
years shehad an annual average attendance
of 500 students; sinco that time, for
thirty years, it has been fully 1,000, rising
the preaent year to about 1,500. D uring the
greater part of this half a century tho young
men have outnumberod tho young women
by a third or a quarter. Bnt in the timo
of the late war the women were the most
numerous, and duriug tho last two years
they are again in the majority. Which
ever sex, however, has numbered most at
any time, thero alwaya havo been aoveral
hundred of both sexes in attendance,
tneeting together daily in the clasa rooms
for recitation.
Tiie following extraot regarding Mr.
Tilden, ia from a Cincinnati Enquirer
special : John R. llead, the accredited
Tilden representativo in Pennaylvania,
returned from Grey8tone to-day. He de-
scribes, as all Mr. Tilden's visitors do,
the wonderful activity of tho old man.
" No one," said Mr. Eead, " could walk
around with mo about the farm as he did
for from four to six hours that was not
protty healthy. We started out after
breakfast, and went over the farm. We
looked at the colta and tho Alderneys, and
the old gentleman was far more interested
in their condition than he was in the next
presidenoy. Coming baok toward the
house, we were prepared for lunch, and
Mr. Tilden ato quite as heartily as I didi
and I was hungry.'
Tiie New York Sun finds the return
fire to its campaign cry " Turn tho raa
oala out" altogether too hot. It haa
dropped it and picked np the more con
servativo alogan " The republicans must
go." The firat cry waa a boomerang and
struck the Sun that hurled it full in the
f ace. The aecond ia uttered with a atage
effect that ia evidently intended to have
a kind of " Delenda eat Carthago " im-
presaiveneaa about it. Thia cry may do
to frighten children but has no terrora for
men who have heard it quadrennially for
the last twenty yeara. The Sun is quite
as likely to be misinformed about the going
or coming of republicans in 1881 as itwas
in any preceding olection. It muat have
better reaaona than it haa yet given for
its declaration, and other means than
slandering dead men on the strength of
Dorsey revelationa muat be employed, or
tho " going " of tho republican party will
be for its old time enemy, and with a ven
geance that will make its defeat a matter
beyond all doubt.
TnE shooting of a Louisiana clergy
man, the head of a girla' school, by a
young, hot headed brother minister, was
recorded in Tiie Watciiman not long ago.
And now Arkanaas comes to the front
with a revorend murderer. A Baptiat
minister, a Itav. Mr. Singleton, a minister
of brilliant talents and unerring accuracy
in pistol practice, had a dispute with a
Mr. Moore over some trifling matter. The
pistol aeema to have been mightier than
reason or Christian precepta with thia
clergyman. Ho drow his weapon upon
his defonaeless and inoffensivo antagonist
and cbanged tho war of words to a mur-
derous aaaault. He fired threo shots at
his fleeing enemy who in tho future may
be more inoffenaive than hitherto, since he
ia probably f atally wounded. In defenBo
of Mr. Singleton it ia aaid that he haa
" tho temper of n demon " and in thia
instance " was mad with rage." He has
abandoned his pastoral charge for tho
preaent, it ia reported, and his parishioners
are hunting him, whether to bring him
baok to hia pulpit or to hand him over to
the BheriJT, ia what people in other conv
munities aro querying. That ho will
suffor tho legal penalty for his crirao, no
one familiar with the history of murders
in high life in tho South for au inatant
believos. On tho Becond of July Judgo
Haughn was murdered in Texaa and tho
orime is attributod to tho faot that ho waa
a witness in a trial in tho federal courts
of some ballot box stuffers. Tho Uuited
Statea diatrict attorney has takon refuge
lar from tho county seat whero the trial
had beon going on and expresaes his fears
of threatenod murderous vlolonce, if he
appoars thero to continuo tho proaecution.
Such aro tho briof roports concerning this
affair which have como to tho publio
knowlodge.
Strlko of Tolcgrnpli Opornlors.
Thoro oxists in tho Unitod Statos and
Canada an organization knowu aa tho
Ilrotherhood of Telegraphers. Tho or
ganization is aaid to havo n membership
of oxcoeding ten thousand and ombraccs
a large portion of all the telegraph opera
tors in tho country. The organization,
its members declnre, is " tho result of tho
tyrannical and unjust trcatment mcted
out to them during tho past ten yeara."
Thoy say that between the years 1870
and 1871 two genoral reductions amount
ing to twenty-five per cont were mado in
their wages ; that looal managers to curry
favor with their suporiors mado other
economlo auggeations affecting tho ser
vice and componsation, and that in 1878
tho companies mado another direct rcduc
tion in their wages, although tho quar
terly reporta showed an increaso in the
profits of the lines. They maintain
that tho averago pay for commercial oper
ators in tho Unlted States is only about
fifty-four dollars a month and of railway
operatora thirty-nine and ono-half dollars
a month; that the service is confining
and continuous, wearing upon mind and
body, roquiring skill of a high order and
imposing very grave responsibility. The
hours of labor are deemed excessive, con-
sidering the exhausting charactor of the
labor, railway operators in particular, bo
ing compelled to be at their posts from
fourteen to sixteen hours a day, and on
many roads they are required to sleep in
or near their offices so that they may be
called for any purpose connected with the
running of trains. A claim is also mado
that for Sunday labor extra pay ahould
be allowed in accordance with a custom
prevailing in other occupationa. The fact
ia cited that tho late William Orton,
president of tho Westorn Union and while
he was living more thoroughly conversant
with telegraphic matters than any other
man in the country, testified beforo a con
gressional comtnittee that telegraph oper
ators could not perform daily more than
six hours of continued labor without en
dangering their health. In view of these
general facts tho operators through their
committee petitioned July 10 for a redress
of grievances, aa follows :
Soctlon 1. Bollovine that man's nhvslcnl
and montal welfare requlres that at' least ono
day in seven be accorded him lor rest and rec
roatlon, we ask for the total abolltion of Sun
day work as a compulsory duty, unloas coin
pensatod as extra service.
Section 2. That eight hours auall constituto
a regular day's work and sevcn houra a regular
nlght's work, and that both soxes Bhall recelve
equal pay for cqual work.
Section 3. That a unlveraal increase of fif
teen per cent on all salaries paid shall be
peiiuonoa now lor.
Tho companies showed no disposition
either to accede to the terms of tho
brotherhood or even to recognize its com
mittee and negotiato with it. Accord
ingly a strike was ordered at noon, Thurs-
day, the 19 th instant, and at that hour in
over two hundred cities in the TTnitfid
Statea and Canada the operators aban-
doned their keys, departed from tho com
panies' offices and formally entered upon
course of resistance to the most pow
erful and far reaching corporation on this
continent. Messages half completed in
their reception or delivery were instantly
abandoned when tho signal was given to
atrike. IIow suddenly and effectively the
movement was executed is well illustrated
by tho scono in New York. At noon in
that city, saya tho preas account, four
hundred and fif ty operators of both sexes
were at work in the main operating room
of the Westera Union company, and the
busy olicking of tho instrumenta was
going on without a break. Message after
message was roceived and sent with the
rapidity that is born of long experienco
and nativo deftnesa. Eleven minutes
afterward tho sceno changed in an in
stant, and with a preoiaion which ahowed
that the principal actors in the change
were prepared for it. Tho Bignal waa
given by a prolonged acreech from asmall
pockot whiatle aounded by Mr. Frank
Phillips, one of the operators. The effect
was mstantaneous. Hardly had the shrill
ecno died away, when the rattle of the
telegraph apparatus ceased, thero was a
moment of ailence, and then camo a cheer
which made the rafters rincr. With
vigorous hand clasping and a waving of
handkercbiefs, the operators began to
move toward the exits. Tho human
stream went steadily and orderly down
the slaira to the street below, whero a
orowd gathered. All were exultant, en-
thuaiastio, salisfied. They remained but
a little while beforo the entrance to the
building on Broadway, dispersing within
a few minutes after they had grouped
themselves. All told, about four hundred
operators lef t the place, and among them
were many young girls.
A similar sceno, with smaller numbers
participating, was onacted in all the
larger citiea in the Union and tho Do
minion. The strike, thongh aimed at the
Weatern Union chieily, as that corpora-
tion controls telographio matters in this
country, affeots also several cther compa
nies. Tho managers of the different llnea
had prepared to aomo oxtent for thia
emergeuoy, but at firat tho officea were
praotically strippod of operators and tho
transraiaaion of messages was auspended,
rartiai quotas of Ioaa skillful or unprac
ticed operators havo been gathered in and
messages aro taken subject to delays and
to delivery by mail at their destlnation
if necessary. Suoh substantially is tho
Bituation at tho present time. Tho inter-
ruption to bu8iuos8 is very groat, but
business men aro ou tho same Jevel in this
respeot and havo recourso to the slower
facllitioa of tho mails. Tho business of
tho country is very light at thia time, and
tho inconvonienco and loss ontailed upon
it is trifling in comparison with what a
similar intorrnption at almost any other
season would havo occasionod.
l'opular nympatby is decidodly on the
sldo of tho operators. Their wages aro
bellevod'to bo insufiloiont, tho sorvioo un
nierclfully exacting and their domands
for redress aro regarded as just and rea
sonable. Tho companies, judged by their
financial exhibita aro abundantly ablo to
pay their employos wagos that Bhould cn-
ablo them to support their famllics liko
human beings. The Westorn Union is
paying largo dividends on a capital
thinued down by wator till ita presont
onorinous bulk, $80,000,000, represeuta
between four and fivo times the aotual
capital investod. It seema to havo troated
ita employos more liko aerfs than like free,
intelligcnt beings. It has never squan-
dered money in efforts to ameliorato their
condition or to attach them to its fortunes.
Theso things may bo true, tho griovances
of the operators may bo all that they aro
represented to be, and publio sympathy
may bo strongly enlisted in behalf of the
strikers, and yot tho policy of a atrike, of
coercion, to extort from soulless corpora-
tions concessions which they will not
willingly make, may be questioned. A
body of men more accustomed to deftly
manipulate the koy of a telegraphic in
strument than to plan and conduct
campaign or organize a corner in
telegraphic labor, arrays itself againat a
great, rich, compact, thoroughly organizcd
corporation whose business for a genera-
tion has been the destruction of rival
companies, a kind of brigandage against
its neighbors and of piracy upon the pub
lic. It is thoroughly skilled in precisely
those arts in which the leaders of the
brotherhood are tho veriest tyros. This,
however, does not affectthe justice of tho
demands of the weaker party to tho con-
(lict. It may bear upon its discretion and
judgment and discount its chances to suc-
ceed, but it constitutes no good reason
why the underpaid and overworked opera
tors should not assert their rights. If
they were to reaiat tho companiea at all, a
united resistance only could be effective,
Their right to organize for their own do-
fence against the greed of capital is as
broad and cerfeainly as juatifiablo aa tho
right of capital to combine for loweriug tho
wagea of omployes and bleeding the pub
lio by oxtortionato charges. The operatora
in their methods have simply taken their
cuo from tho companies, and the super-
cilious ignoring by the latter of tho com
mittee of the brotherhood on the ground
that thoy will not be dictated to by a la
bor organization, is simply an exhibition
of sublimo cheek. That draught the com-
panies havo often pressed to the publio
lips, and it has been drunk to the drega,
It is a conflict botween a very short and a
very long purse. Its success seema very
doubtful. The soasou of business quiet
and dullness favors the companiea, uud
every day of tho prolongatlon of the atrike,
it would seem, must inure to tho benefit
of the longer purse aud tho stronger
party. The substituto operators will in
creaso in numbers and acnuire skill
Want and empty purses will begin to
work their disintegrating effects upon the
now solid ranks of the strikers. The
prospects of their final success are not as
good as they deserve to be.
Latest. The strike of the telegraph-
era ia virtually unchanged. The oflicers
of the Western Union admit that they
are seriously crippled in New York, and
that they are not ablo to tako caro of the
ordinary business of the day. They esti-
mate their losses in that city alone at
825,000 per day. The women operators
were expected to strike Monday. The situ-
ation in Washington is moro serious than
it has been since the strike began. Great
delay ia occasionod in the tranamiaaion of
messages, and thero is but one wire open
to Cincinnati, and all the wires to Chicago
aro interrnptod. Conilictingreportsof tho
situation are roceived from the south and
west ; neilher side, however, appears in-
clined to yield. The substituto operators
do not seem to be efficient. There does
not appear to be an open markot for telo
graphers from which eflioient operatora
can bo supplled, like carpentera or other
craftamen. This fact and their losses and
ombarraasment may bring the bolligerent
companies to consider the proposals of the
oporators.
Canal Projccts.
The Britiah parliament ia discussing the
proposed arrangements with De Lesseps
for cutting a new canal parallel with the
indefatigablo Frenchman's original ditch
from Fort Said to Suez. The demands
of commerce seem to require a donble
track for the vessels that now crowd this
routo to and from India, " far Cathay "
and lslands of tho Pacific. English jeal
ousy of De Lesseps and France may de
feat tho arrangement made by Gladstono
with tho canal company, but it cannot re
atrict the daring ontorpriso of tho restless
geniusthatconcoived andsuccessfullycon
summated tho acheme for connecting tho
waters of the Mediterranoan and Ited soas,
The scheme imputed to Cortos,when, three
and ono-half centurios ago, from tho sura
inlts of tho Cordilleras the waters of the
Paciflo burst upon his view, of connectr
ing tho waters of tho two ocoans by a
ahip canal, whilo less daring spirita
dreamod and speculatod has beon boldly
takon up by tho veteran projeotor of tho
Suez canal and put in tho way of a praoti
cal roalization. Aa if those gigantio euter.
prisos woro but toya to amuso a man at an
ago when other mon aro retiring from ao
tivo lifo or havo becomo incapacitated by
years for ailairs of even ordinary moment
this man of astonishing powera of mind
and body ia interosted in a project for
connecting tho Adrlatio with tho iEenn
bcii, uy cuiung uie lBtumua ot uorintu
juore than this ; ho is rovolvlug iu his for
tllo brain a schomo for cutting a canal
from tho Modltorranoan through Tunis
and flooding portiona of tho groat Afri
can desort which aro known to bo lowor
tiian tho aurfaco of tho soa whose assist
anco is to bo invoked to rehabilltato tho
adjacent reglons with their pristino vor
duro and productlvencss. In theso basins,
conjecturcd to bo tho beda of groat in-
land soas long sinco oxtinct, another sea
will bo created. Tho environing rangcs
of mountains will afford tho agonoios for
condensing tho ovaporation and prccipl
tating upon parched and desort wastes
tho rainfall that Bhall chango them
into fortilo fiolds. His achlevementa
and projects whioh aro loss vision
ary thau hia greatest achievement, the
Suez canal scheme, was thought to be,
tho marvelous activity ho oxhibits under
his moro than threo scoro years and ten,
the skill ho displays in difiioult diplo
matic, no lesa than in great engineoring
problems, all rank DeLeaaepa aa ono of
tho most astonishing creations of an ago
that has produced men who have puBhed
tunnels through mountains and under tho
bed of ocoan, bridged streams that have
defied man's skill and daring since tho
creation and, who havo developed and uti
lizod the miraculous powors of oloctricity.
Commerce seema to have ainiater de-
aigna upon the necks of penlnsulas and
continents wherover theso narrow strips
of land intorpose a barrier to tho passago
of its argosie3. To the project to make
the ancient Feloponnesus an island by
cutting a water way across the isthmu3 of
Corinth, allusion has been made. A
scheme is discussed for unitingtho waters
of the Bay of Biscay and tho Mediter
ranoan by a canal across southeastern
Franco; tho North Sea wth the Baltic
by cutting Denmark from its.continental
moorings ; for severing Scotland from
England by a trouch from Tyno to Sol
way Firth ; for making Manchester a
seaport town by digging a ship canal to
the sea ; for shortening tho routo from
Eist Indian ports to the coast of China
by ampntating the Malay peuinsula.
Similar enterprises engage attention on
this continent. Beaidea the Panama canal,
there is tho much mooted Nicaragua routo
betweon the Atlantic and Pacific, and
Captain Eades' ship railway further north,
across Tehauntepec. Moro promiaing
than auy of these ia the scheme of the
Florida Ship Canal company, recently or
ganized and numbering among its oflicers
and stockholders men of ominonce in the
affairs of this pushing land. The cost is
estimated at thirty million dollars. The
stock, it is said, has all beon subscribed,
engineors engaged and tho work will be
under contract by the first of September.
General Charles P. Stone, a union soldier
and until recently chief of .staff to the
Khedivo of Egypt, is chief engineer of the
company. xne proposed routo leaves the
St. Johns rivor about twenty miles above
Jacksonville, atrikes directly for the
Suwanee river and follows that stream to
the Gulf of Mexico, making an open tide
water route, without locks, less than one
hundred miles in length and deep enough
to float tho largest sbips. It will shorten
by several hundred miles the distance
from the great ports of the gulf statea
to the markets of the Atlantic coast
and avoid the dangers that threaten ves
sels off tho south shore of Florida. It is
believed that this canal can be finished iu
throe years. From the daya of Cotton
Mather commercial Burgeous have had
their eyes on tho gaunt arm that crooks
out from the eastern coast of Massachu-
sotts. It has however escaped to this day
the rude surgery of the canal diggers, but
we believe tho matter of uniting the
waters of Capo Cod and Buzzard bays has
beon before the Massachusetts legislature
at its present session. Shipowners have
long been impatient of the land barrier
between Chesapeake and Delaware bays
Congress has often been appealed to to
assist in uniting the waters of theso great
arms of the ocean ; to provide an unrullled
water way from Norfolk to Albermarle;
past the stormy capes, and to encourage
the wedding of the waters of the Missis
aippi and tho great lakea by helping to
build the Hennepin canal. These and
other similar schemes have been more or
less conspicuously before tho public. The
increaslng commerco of the world, tha
shortening up of all other old time means of
communication, ine necessity ot propor
tionate and reasonable despatch iu order
to maintain tho preference which their
comparative cheapness socures for water
freights, will unquestionably compel the
construotion, sooner or later, of some of
these projected canals and of othera which
havo not been named.
Ohio.
Judgo Foraker has opened the Ohio
campaign on the republican side in a vig
orous speech. He defenda high tariff,
illustratea tho benefita of protection by the
growth of Ohio during the last quarter
century, and aees in the doveloping seusi
tiveness in business circles the effects
the appreheusion of demooratio success
always exoitos. Tha advantages whioh
labor enjoya here wero compared with
Europeau standards. " Wo cannot com-
peto with that kind of labor," tho spoake
said, " unlesa wo reduce our labor to tho
same level. Tho republican party ia not
willing to do that. The laborer in thia
country is a part of tho governing power.
He ia a voter. Ho has a voico iu tho
govornmont. Asido, theroforo, from all
humanitanan reasons we want him to
havo a ohance for aolf-elevatlon. Wo want
him to eat meat and bo comfortablo. Wo
waut him to bo ablo to tako oaro of his
family and educato his children. Wo
waut him to gathor knowledgo and bo
good citizen, lovo hia country, and bo ablo
and willing to tako caro of it. And for
this reason it is that wo say, if wo oanuot
go into tho markots of tho world without
belng subjected to an unjust and dograd
ing compotition, wo will mako oursolvos ,
indopendent of thoso marketa by making
markota of our own. Instoad of aending
our raw cotton across the ocoan to be
thoro manufaotured and flont back to us,
wo will havo cotton mllla hero. Wo will
mino onr own coal, develop our own min
erals, manufacturo our own iron and
stoel, build our own railroads, with our
own products, and thua havo dlviaion of
labor, diversity of employment, homo
markets and domestio commerce."
Judgo Hoadly'a chargo that tho repub
lican party was responaiblo for miatriala
ln tho star routo casea was met with the
facts that a majority of the government
lawyors were democrats, as also the
corrupted jurora. Hia opponent'a stalo
chargea about the electoral commiasion
wero dismlssed, with a sarcastio allusion
to the Oregon case, which Judgo Hoadly
managed for tho democrats, but was
thrown out by a unanimoua vote of tho
commission. Closing wlth an eloquent
defenco of the Scott law for tho taxation
of saloons, he said :
TIib republican party enacted it. and wo are
Btandlng squarely npon lt. We do not clalm
thatlt is perfect; legislatlon seldom is. Wo
do not clalm elthor that lt will givo entlre satls-
laction to erory man naa ovory class ol mon ln
thegtate: there are very few laws that do.
Uut we do claim that lt is better than anything
we havo had in this nt.ite. . . . It not onlv
aflordtf authority to regulate the triitllc and re
press its evlls, but lt also couipcls ittosharo
uio uuruens ot taxation wmcn ic bo largeiy
helpg to create. Ita contrlbttlon to Cincinnati
thia year 1b more than S 100.000: in Cloveland
more than 200,000, aggregatlng for tho whole
stato almost S'AOOO.OOU. As a result the prop-crty-owners
of tho state will not be called on
to nav anv taxea thia vear for ooor-houaa nur
poses tho tax from thia notirco beiog Bulllcient
n nimoat au, u not qtuto au, tno counties ol tue
tato to meet tue requlrements ol tnat lund.
n tho meanwhlle our democratlc friends are
attacklng this meaaure. They aro opposed to
tne taxation oi tne nquor trainc, uniess lt Do in
the iimiossiblo namu of llconso. When thev
t.ilk to the Hquor lnteresta, they denounce the
law as sumptuary legislatiou and an interf eranco
with peruonal llbetty, and when they talk to
othera thoy brand it at least Judgo Hoadly
dooa as a Bcheme to authorlze Baloon-keepera
for $200 a head to make as many drunkards aa
thoy pleaae. lle wanta the law ropealed and a,
ludiclously graded licenae ayatem aubatltuted.
wno knowa oetter tuan Jungelloaaiy doestliat
a licenae Byatem ia proniuitea Dy our constitu
tion, and that an amendment ol our constitu
tion ao aa to authorlze lt ia an nbaolute ininos-
albility? The people of thia stato have twlce
defeated licenae by overwhelming majuritlea,
and to submlt a third propoaltion would be
notulng shuit of abaolute trilliDg. Tho demo
crats would not dare attempt rts lepeal, if they
controi tne next legislature.
High Llcensc.
As gloaned from the newspapers, some
of the effects of tho high license laws ap
pear to be a greatly reduced number of
saloons and a largeiy increased revenue
to the states adoptiug such laws. Tho
new law in Ohio, it ia said, will yield
nearly 32,000,000 to the stato in the first
year, but it ia thought there will be a fall-
ing off the second year, as many of the sa
loons cannot stand tho tax and thousands
of small dealers will be drivon out of the
business. When the lllinois city of
Joliet had a $50 license a year ago, there
were one hundred and seven saloons.
When the figure was raised to 8500, tho
number fell to sixty-nine, and now with
1,000 licenae, there are just twenty-
seven beer-shops running. But the yearly
reveuuo, which was 35,350 with one hun
dred and seven licenses, is now 27,000
In Chicago, Mayor Harrison and the
common councu anticipated the passago
of the high license law by giving saloon
keepers licenses in advance at the old
rate, by which the new law was nullified
for ten months. A test case will bo made
up and tho mayor's action inquired into
by the courts. The corporation counael
has decided that saloon licenses are not
transferable. This leaves several per-
sons witn a large number ot licenses on
their hands, taken out on speculation at
103 eacb, before July 1, when the state
law making the fee 500 went into force
Ou the face of the earlier returns, high
licenae would seem to be greatly restrict-
mg the area ot the saloons, and some
mitigation of the curse must follow, if re-
striction and repression are kept up with
a firm and impartial hand. If timo shall
prove that moral benefita advance as the
"low groggeries" recede, high license will
have accomplished what its advocates
have olaimed for it. The " high licensed "
saloons will, of course, do somo portion
of the buainesa of the petty drinking
places. Even if they do a considerable
portion of it, some benefit must accrue to
the cause of morality and temperance, to
say nothicg of phyaical conditions, by the
breaking up of the places where wretohed
counterfeita of beer and liquor are dolod
out at low prices. The oxperiment
young yet and ita ultimate results must
be shown by experience rather than by
speculation. If, while diminishing the
area of hquor-selling and mitigating the
evils of intemperance, it shall give tho
statea a largeiy increased revenue for
philantbropio purposes, it should have
tho support of good temperance men and
women. With the non-treating and other
similar associations for checkinc the
formation, development and perpetuation
of drinking habits, aa a means to au end
it should have the sympathy of temper
ance poople rather than uncompromising
hostility and bltter donunciation.
A Postal Telegraph.
Last winter, during tho diacussion in
congross on the bill to reduce lejtor post-
age, Senator Kdmunds made somo ro
marks in relation to a government tele
graph, tho substance of whioh was ropro
duced in Thk Watoiijian at tho timo
Tho striko of tho operators and the
publication of their grievances against
the telegraph companies oalls publio at
tention afresh to thia subject. The oper
ators aro uot tho only porsona who havo
" grievanoes " against the telegraph com
paules. The peoplo, for tho trausmission
of ordinary intelligence, are annually
taxed a suin that is sufficlent to pay all
tho expense of oporatiug a great liuo of
telegraph, largo aalarloato Ita chiof oflicers
and rich dividends to ita stookholders on
a capital that represjints about four parts
water to ono part inoney. Theso thinga
have influencedatttesmon to favor meas
urea by the goyornraent to proteot, ln
tho intercat of tpe public, the use of a nat
ural forco like! olectricity. On tho oo-
asion roferred to abovo, Senator Ed-
munda aaid fhat the transmission of in
telllgence, Uio real business of tho post
oflice, by wiro was aa legitimate aa by rail
by st-amboat or by post-horse. He
oxpresscd his purpose, if no ono else should
do ao to bring in a bill providing, not for
tho buying up of exiating lines, but for
buying tho poles and the wiro by the gov
ernment and establiahing new and indo
pendent lines for a postal tolegrapb. He
thua briefly indicated what, in his opinion,
ought to be done :
What tbo Unlted Statea iu reeard to lu nos-
tal fiffaliB and the welfare of people needs to
do more than anything elae ls the construo
tion of a .postal telegraph beginning moder
ately between great polnts in the country,
and all ltitermedlate polntg, and then ex
tending it, just as wo have tho mail syttem,
as the needa of the communlly and fair
economv would require, until every post-
olllce ln the country should have, or be
within Immediato reach of, a poatal telo-
graph. That ia what ought to ho done, and
what will be done, within a very few yeara be
yond all question. Electrlclty la just as much
n part ot the forces of naturennd of thia world
ior tne transmiasion oi lmcmgence aa a ioco
motive ia, or aa the old poat-horse waa; and it
ia too late nt thia date to aay becauae the world
has advanced ln tho meana of dlaseminatlng
intelllgcnoe, the telegraph, under the constltu
tlon ot the Unlted Statos, la not an approprl
ate meana of tho poatal ayatem just na much aa
lt ia to transmlt lettera. That ia all I wlah to
say about it.
'otes and Couimcnts.
Tiie " now democraoy " is defined to ba
that which believes in nominating old re
publicans for tho best officea.
NoitRiSTOWN Hekald : " ' Turn the
rascals out,' shrieka tho New York Sun.
"Why, they are out. Thoy were turned
out over twenty yeara ago when they atole
all the money iu tho treaaury, rifled the
arsonals, and attempted to split the Union,
and they havo been out ever since. Wo
supposed the Sun knew that."
Boston Hekald : " The teachera' in-
stituto at the White Mountains last week
bore a strong resemblance to an editorial
excursion. Something moro than a third
of those in attendance were teachers, the
rest outsiders who took advantago of the
cheap rates. But even this was a largur
proportion than thero is of editors on the
average editorial excursion."
Bostox Hkkai,d: "Speaking of tbo
proposed ticket of Edmunds aud Lincoln,
tho Chicago Inter-Ocean saya : ' If our
" Bob " appears on the next presidential
ticket, his name will bo at the head. ll
linois doos not play aocond fiddle to Ver
mont.' Perhapa not in acrea or popula-
tion, but in statesmen sho has nobody
who wouldn't be outweighed in playing
seventeenth fiddle to George F. Ed
munds."
Manslayf.k Piiil Tnojtraoj,, member
of Congross from Kentucky, weKAjrVxJJir
Whito House with Mckee and mtvoduced
him as " a republican constituent." The
president deliberately put his rignt hand
behind his back and said : " I hajve been
made acquainted with Mr. LoganY066
some sixty times. His face is as familiar
as tho Whito House or the capitol. 11 have
no
desire to see him aeain. ' Br.avo,
President Arthur.
Mu. Bak.vum went totho top of Mouiat
Waahinnfnn nnn rlav last weefe. ThnvifivCt.
from the mountain that af ternoon chanced
to be a glorioua one. Tbo ahowman was
deeply impressed with tho unnvaled
view. Turning to a friend, he said, " I'm
going to send a telegram." He turned
back, and at the first opportunity tele-
graphed to a friend : " I am at the top of
Mount Washington. It is the second
greatest show on earth."
Ex-Sexatou Tnur.MAN-'s son describes
Judge Hoadly as " a political gymnast,"
" a democrat a long time ago, then an ab-
olitionist, then a know-nothing, then a re
publican, then a radical, then a liberal,
then a Grant man, then for Hayes, then
against Governor Allen, and at last the
democratic nomineo for governor of Ohio."
He does not proposo to vote for him ; and
we imagine that not a few democrats in
Ohio will bo of the same mind.
Savanwaii, Georgia, is a good example
to Southern states and citiesin the treat
ment of debts. That city ia laboring un
der the weight of a large municipal in
debtedness, but she has strenuously re
sisted all proposals to scale down or to re
pudiate. With the voluntary consent of
her creditors the city has recently re
funded her debt at a lower rato of inter
est and imposed a taxof threo per cent on
real estate to meet present demands and
to provide for the creation of a sinking
fund.
Indei'ENDent: "A correspondent of tho
Boston Journal should not mislead the
Evening Post and the Evangelist with such
a noto from Andover as this : ' The pict
uresque old stone house (in Andover)
whero Mrs. Stowe wroto " Unclo Tom'a
Cabin," is becoming quite a classical pile
and attraots numorous visitors from tho
country round.' Thoso numerous visitors
had better reservo their emotions for a
certain modest houso iu Brunswick,
Maino, whero Uncle Tom'a Cabin ' was
written beforo tho Stowos went to An
dover, or crossed tho threshold of tho
classical pile.' "
O.nk voico all over the land goea up from
niothera, that saya. "My daugntera nre ao
teeble and sad, wlth no strength, all out of
breuth aud life nt the least exertlon. What
can wo do for them ?" The nnawer ls slmple
and full ot hope. One to four week's uso ot
Uop Hlttora will mako them hcaltby, roay,
cprlghtly uud cheerful.
Thk firat appointment under the new clvll
aervico rulea waa that ot a woman at Now Or
leans. No molaaaea aud water mixturo, but a con
ceutratod extract of tbo active medicinal prop
ertiea of roota, barka, etc., ls llood's Sar-saparllla.

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