Newspaper Page Text
No Present Need for Bigger
Permanent Military Estab?
COLONEL BRYAN'S OPINION
Nerd tor an Army of Occnpntlon In
Conquered Inlands Only Tempor?
ary?Firm Heletoo (lie Volunteer*
Wbonre Held In Ana? Agnlunl
tbelr Wll!-D?nci>r? to tbe Doily
Politic In tbe Gronln or Blllltn
rliu Grant and Inimluent.
(By 'William Jennings Bryan.)
In his annual message sent to Con?
gress *December 5th, 1898, the President
makes the following recommendation
In favor of a permanent Increase In
the standing army:
The Importance of legislation for the
permanent Increase of the army Is
therefore manifest, and the recommen?
dation of the Secretary of War for that
purpose has my uno.uallfled approval.
There can be no question that at this
time, and probably for some time in
the future, one hundred thousand men
will be none too many to meet the ne?
cessities of the situation.
It is strange that this request for so
large an Increase in the permanent
army should be asked of a peace lov?
ing people just at the time when the
Czar of Russia is urging the nations
of the world to Join In the reduction
of military establishments. But strange
as It may seem ,thc President not only
requests It, but the Republican leaders
In Congress seem inclined to grant the
Progress in Europe; retrogression in
the United States!
In the old world "the currents of des?
tiny" seem to be running In the direc?
tion of relief to the people from mili?
tary burdens; shall they run In an op?
posite direction here?
During the recent campaign the peo?
ple were urged to support tho party In
power until the "fruits of victory"
could be made secure. Is the first fruit
of victory to he realized In the transfer
of a large body of men from the Held
and workshop to the camp and bar
rocks?from the ranks of the wealth
producers to the ranks of the tax con?
sumers? Such a transfer will lessen
the nation's wealth producing power
and at the same time exact a larger
annual tribute from those who toil.
OBJECTIONS TO A BIG STANDING
Any unnecessary Increase In the reg?
ular army Is open to several! objections,
among which may be mentioned the
First?It increases taxes, and thus
does injustice to those who contribute
to the support of the Government.
Second?It tends to pla?.'e force above
reason In the structure of our Govern?
Third?It lessons the nation's depend?
ence upon its citizen soldiery?the
sheet-anchor of a republic's defence.
No one objects to the maintenance of
a regular army sufficient In strength to
maintain law and order In time of
peace and to form the nucleus of such
en army as may be required when the
military establishment Is placed upon
a war footing; but the tax-payers arc
justified in entering a vigorous protest
against excessive appropriations for
It Is not surprising that the protest
is most vigorous from the masses, be?
cause under our system of taxation the
bulk of our Federal revenues is collect?
ed from import duties and internal rev?
enue taxes upon liquors and tobaccos,
all of which bear most heavily upon
the poor. Import duties are collected
upon articles used by the people, and
the people do not use the articles taxed
In proportion to Income.
For Instance, a man with a?-l??o4tu!
of $100,000 does not eat, nor wear, nor
use a hundred times as much of articles
as the average man with an Income of
$1,000. The people with small incomes,
therefore, pay, as a rule, a larger per?
centage of their incomes to support the
Federal government than people with
large incomes. The same is true of In?
ternal revenue taxes collected upon li?
quors and tobaccos. Men do not use
liquor and tobacco ir. proportion to
their incomes. Thus it will be seen that
our Federal taxes are, in effect, an in?
come tax; not only an Income tax, but
a graded Income tax, and heaviest in
proportion upon the smallest incomes.
CASH MORE SACRED THAN PER?
If we could supply a part of our ne?
cessary revenues from a direct Income
tax the burdens of a large-army would
be more equitably borne, but. according
to the decision of the Supreme Court, I
the Income of an individual is more sa- |
cred than the individual, because the
citizen can be drafted in time of dan?
ger, while his income cannot be taxed
either In pence or war.
The army is the Impersonation of
force. It does not deliberate, it acts;
it does not decide; it executes; it does
not reason, it shodts.
Militarism is the very antithesis of
Democracy; they do not grow in the
same soil; they do not draw their nour?
ishment from the same source.
In an army orders come down from
the commander to the soldier, and the
soldier obeys; in a republic mandates
Issue from the sovereign people, and
the public servant gives heed. If any
one doubt the demoralizing results
which follow tho use of force, evem
when that force is justified by neces?
sity, let him behr?!d the change which
has taken place In the views of many
of our people during the last eight
months, and then estimate, if he can,
the far-reaching effect which a large
Increase In the permanent army would
have upon tho thoughts, tho purposes
and character of our people.
Our Government derives Its just pow?
ers from the consent of the governed,
and its strength from the people them?
selves. We cannot afford to weaken
the Government's reliance upon the
people by cultivating the Idea that all
the work of war must be done by pro?
fessional soldiers. The citizen Is a
safer lawmaker when he may be called
upon to assist In the enforcement of
the law?, and legislation is more like?
ly to be just when the Government re?
lies largely upon volunteers, because
!the support Is suhest when the Gov?
ernment is so beneficent that each clt
Makes the food more delicious and wholesome
novAi baking rowrtR co,, new voa*.
izen Is willine to die to preserve its
blessings to posterity. The readiness
with which the American people have
always responded to their country's
call is a guarantee as to the future.
I have suggested some of the reasons
(not all, by any means) why the regu?
lar army should not be Increased, un?
less such increase be actuaiiy neces?
sary. I now ask whether there Is any
such necessity for increasing that
branch of the army which is held for
service In the United States. There
may, from time to time, be need of
small additions to man new coast for?
tifications; but. what is there In the do?
mestic situation to Justify or excuse the
demand for more soldiers?
An army of occupation for service in
! Cuba, Porto Rico and the Philippines
I Is made necessary by the conditions
I growing out of the war. Hut such an
army Is temporary in character, and
should not he made a pretext for an
Increase of 200 per cent in our standing
TRUE USE OP ARMY._
The President assures us. In his last
message, that the only purpose our
Government has in taking possession of
Cuba is to assist the Cubhns in estab?
lishing a stable government. When that
Is accomplished our troops are to be
The number needed in the Philippines
will depend largely upon the course
pursued by the Government in regard
to those Islands. It will require fewer
soldiers and less time to give self
government to the inhabitants ot the
Philippines than It will to give them a
military government or a "carpet-bag"
government. Since our standing army
was sufficient for all domestic purposes
prior to the war, and since there Is
much uncertainty in regard to the army
of occupation, it would scent the part
of wisdom to separate the two branches
of tho, service and make provision ot
once for the latter, leaving the friends
and opponents of a large standing army
to settle that question after the vol?
unteers are mustered out.
Most of the volunteers have no taste
for military life; they left peaceful
pursuits and enlisted, at a great sacri?
fice to themselves and their relatives,
because their country needed them.
Now that the war is over they desire to
return home .and their desire should be
gratified at the least possible moment.
They were willing to tight when fight?
ing was necessary; they were ready to
lay down their arms as soon as hostili?
ties ceased. If am attempt be made to
secure a large increase In the army at
home, merely because of a temporary
need for an insular army, a. prolonged
Congressional dehate is inevitable. Is
It fair to keep the volunteers In the
servico while tIiis question is being dis?
Unless Republican lenders desire to
hold the volunteers as hostages to com?
pel Congress to consent to a large
army, they ought to be willing to post- |
pone the consideration of the Regular
Army bill and accept a substitute au?
thorizing the President to recruit an
army of occupation for service outside
of the United States. The soldiers can
be enlisted for two or three years, and
before their term expires the nation's
policy will be defined and conditions so
settled that provision can be made for
the future wltJh more intelligence.
I In recruiting the army of occupation
j opportunity should be given for the re
enlistment of such volunteers ns de?
sire to continue in the service. And I
may add that it will encourage rc
enflistment if a company or battalion
formed from a volunteer reglmerit Is
allowed to select Us officers from among
the members of the regiment.
MORE PAY FOR THE SOLDIERS.
The pay of enlisted men serving in
tho army of occupation should be con
j siderably increased over the present
rate to compensate for greater risk to
health incurred in the islands.
When the time arrives for the delibe?
rate consideration of the permanent
military establishment It will be found
safer and more economical to provide
complete modern equipment for the
State militia, luiudltcr with ll'.icial ap
proprintions for annual encampments,
than to increase the regular army.
Soldiers in the regular service are with?
drawn from productive labor and must
be supported the year around, while
?members of tho State militia receive
military training without abandoning
civil pursuits and without becoming a
pectinInry burden to either State or
To recapitulate: There is no Im
! mediate necessity for the consideration
I of the proposition to permanently in?
crease the military establishment: there
Is immediate necessity for the relief of
I Dot the army of occupation be re?
cruited nt once; let the size of the
regular army be determined after the
volunteers have been released.
The people are united in the desire
to muster out the volunteers; they are
divided in opinion in regard to the
Lei each question he decided upon its
WILLIAM JENNINGS BRYAN. '
HIS ICEBOX WAS HIS CASTLE.
Highwaymen of the "icebox school"
will probably be a little more careful
in the future about inviting their vic?
tims to the refrigerator. Saloon Keep?
er Joseph Weissenreider had read so
many stories about men being placed
in the Icebox that he resolved to con?
vert his into tin arsenal, and Monday
he hud occasion to use it.
Weissenreider conducts a saloon at
10S8 Perry avenue. Monday afternoon
two highwaymen entered his place, and
at the point of revolvers forced him to
get into the icebox. There was no
place in the saloon that the man would
rather have got under such circum?
stances, for there was where all his
After he had been comfortably lo?
cated in the box the men went behind
the bar. Then it was that Weissenrei?
der opened fire. One of the robbers was
wounded and was assisted from the
plaee by his companion. Both escaped.
They secured no booty.
Weisstmrelder hod prepared his box
for 'such occurrence, having cut two
portholes in the lid of It, ond it was
through these that he won hi3 battle.
All glasses prescribed by Dr. Week
guaranteed. Examinations free. 310
MISS SAIKIPSjON WEDS.
HENRY HARRISON SCOTT. OF CAE- I
1FORNIA ? REMEMBERED BY
(By Telegraph to tho Virginian-Pilot.)
New York, January 4.?Miss Olive
Farrlngton Sampson, (laughter of Hoar
Admiral W. T. Sampson, and Henry
Harrison Scott, of San Francisco, were
married In the Congregational Church
In Glen Ridge. N. J., to-night.
Following tne church services a re?
ception was held at tho Sampson home.
Among the presents to the young couple
was a silver salad bowl and a set of sil?
ver spoons from the officers of tho
cruiser New York.
Mr. and Mrs. Scott will reside in New
Hoifiin Huron Arrenlori.
(By Telegraph to Virginian-Pilot.)
Jacksonville, Fla., Jan. 4.- Baron and
Baroness Edgar de Bara, alias George
H. 11 enfchel"ana MISS E. \\ uson, wno
were arrested at St. Augustine
Tuesday, charged with using the mails
for fraudulent purposes, were given a
preliminary hearing before United
Stiftes Commissioner Goodell to-day.
Decision was reserved till to-morrow
morning- The case was very strong
against them and they were positively
Identified by Registered Letter Carrier
Hogan, of the Chicago postofflce, as j
Henschel and Wilson, operating the
Edison Phonograph Oompnny at 115
Dearborn street in that city in Novem?
ber last. No testimony was offered by
Killed in n Prlxe PIjht,
(By Telegraph to Vlrglnlan-rilot.)
New York, Jan. 4.?George Tyler, a
young man 21 years of age. was to?
night killed in an impromptu prize-fight
In Jersey City by Thomas Foley, a
young man about 211. The two had an
unsatisfactory bout a few days ago,
and decided to settle it to-night. In tbe
lirst round, both men received a good
? leal of punishment, but toward the
close Foley landed a right swing on
the point of Tyler's jaw. Tyler drop?
ped, and after being counted out. s'os
taken to a hospital, where he was pro?
nounced dead. His neck was broken.
Kow Yorli Money Murkee.
(By Telegraph to Virginian-Pilot.)
New York, January 4.?To-day has
been a record breaker in the New York
Clearing House, both In amount of ex?
changes and the magnitude of the bal?
ances. The highest former exchanges
were beaten by about $20,000.000, hav?
ing been $315,236.000, as against $295,
000.000. the highest exchanges hereto?
fore on record. The balances were $17,
103.000, as against the largest hereto?
fore of $17.010.000.
Klore Troop* for t'libn.
(By Telegraph to Vlrglnlan-Pllot.)
Washington, D. C, Jan. 4.?Orders
were issued to-day for Troops D, E,
F. H, K and L, of the Eighth Cavalry,
now at Huntsville. Ala., to proceed nt
once to Savannah, Gu., for embarka?
tion on the- transport Michigan, to
Nuevitas. The troops will be fully arm?
ed and equipped for field service, and
will carry rations and forage for thir?
ty days in addition to what may be
necessary for the trip. The other troops
of this regiment are already In Cuba,
distributed between Nuevitas and
Iteef 4'i?ilie for Cnba.
(By Telegraph to Virginlan-rilot.5
Fort Worth, Texas, Jan. 4.?Georg-e
W. Simpson, president of the Fort
Worth stiit k yards, to-day closed a can.
tract with the Government to furnish
six hundred beef cattle weekly for the
United States army In Cuba. The ship,
ments are to be made to Havana via
< at l lirnt in I'nvors Annexation.
(liy Telr.gi.tpli'it) tile Til'gmlan-Pilot.)
Sac ram en to, Cal., January 4.?In the
Assembly the Belshaw resolution, in?
structing the State representatives in
Congress to support the administration
in the matter of its policy regarding
the Philippines, led to an extended de?
bate. The resolution, was finally
KOW PAGET TOOK THE TOWN.
Like his military colleague. Captain
Lee, Captain Paget's sympathies with
the American army during the recent
war were unconcealed. Like his col?
league, lie used the word "we" both
in conversation and in his official re?
ports, regardless of the laws of neu?
trality, and it is an actual fact that
he accepted the surrender of one of the
towns in Porto Rico In the capacity of
a United States soldier. I venture to
repeat the story at the risk of Captain
Paget's reputation as a neutral. With
a. party of newspaper correspondents
he accompanied the advance of one of
the American columns of Invasion.
When they reached a place where two
ways met there was an earnest con?
troversy as to which was the right one.
The general commanding took the road
to the rieht, ns advised by his scouts.
Captain Paget, with the stubbornness
that characterizes many Englishmen,
took the road to the left, because, ac?
cording to his mail, it seemed the
shorter and better one, and so it turn?
ed out to be.
Tho correspondents, thinking they
would have more run with Paget than
with the soldiers, accompanied him and
when they reached the town were as?
tonished to find the Alcalde, or Mayor,
and the members of the Common Coun?
cil in dress suits with white ties anil
cloves and silk hats, standing In the
middle of the road ready to surrender
to the Yankee Invaders.
As Captain Pagel was the only mem?
ber or the party who wore a uniform,
the Mayor mistook him for the com?
manding general, and suppled thnt the
correspondents composed his staff. No?
body knew enough Spanish to explain
the mistake, and the newspaper men
insisted that Paget should take ad?
vantage of the opportunity and accept
the surrender. He did so with great re?
luctance, and as an ofllcer of Her
Majesty's navy received the uurrender
of a Spanish town. Fortunately the r.d
vnnce guard of the army arrived in a
very few moments, and Paget was re?
lieved of his embarrassment, although
the boys still Insisted that he captured
Scenes in the City Between Mid
Night and Dawn.
Napplylng <t>c People wlili Food mid
.Morn lti? Pnpera ? Klitltt (tie tfnlj
Tiuie Ubeu Tau Cnn Look t?t the
II iito Meiropolin.
The hardest-worked of London's thor- !
oughfares is Fleet street; Its bedtime i
is from 1 to ?. These are the hours
they seize upon to wash it. By the 1
time the last suburban homegoers have
got to l?udgate Hill the vestrymen are '
out with their hose to sluice the poor,
tired thing down. It is almost empty.
A hansom or two lie in wait for the
infrequent editor. The policeman
stands in a reverie to read the bWl ot
fare of the long cold restaurant, and
wonders what "chorux Hears au
gratia" might be, says the London
Go back at 3?when the rest of Lon?
don has got soundly to its nest?and
Fleet street, iiardly dry from its mortl
Ingtub, is in the Hush of its morning's
work. A dull grinding roar runs surr
like along its two shores?the sound of
-many printing? machines.-Carts are
moving through winding alleys out of
gasllt stables. Biles of newspapers
grow up on its pavements, and present?
ly one by one the carts clatter away.
The muflled shriek of whistles and ttie
clang of distant butlers remind you'
thai the railway stations, they aJso,
Clatter and whistle and clank?yet
with it all Fleet street Is uneartiilv
still. You miss the background?the
roar, that orchestration of the London
streets, which in the daytime accom?
panies and harmonizes all the leading
notes. At night the roar Is gone; a
cart comes round acorner with a crash
that almost startles. It is the same
with sight as with sound. It seems a
paradox, but the night is the only time
when you can see London, in the day?
time if you tried to look up you would
be knocked down. Moreover, it never
occurs to you; the ever-driving torrent
of traffic keeps the eyes down, and you
forget that the buildings are anything
more, than the frontiers of the' roud
THE EVER-WAKEFUL THAMES.
Go down to the Embankment for ex?
ample, ami you can see the Thames.
Black friars and .-Waterloo bridges are
coronets of lamps; between them the
venerable river is half seen, half di?
vined through his mantle of mist. He
is darkly turbid in the yellow gaslight,
and you can smell his nakedness; yet
he i-s very great and deep and strong,
bearing up the heavy barges lightly,
running up and down powerfully, yet
not violently, through the heart of the
city, reminding us that we are of the
sea. A barge drifts past like a phan
I lorn, the clink ot the windlass on an?
other insists on making itself known
more Intimately than by day. Here,
again, London never sleeps; but, ever
carrying, scavenlng, seething, inspiring,
the most wakeful of all Londoners is
"Whispering terrible things and dear"
?to all of us?whispering of trade and
empire to some, but whispering perhaps
something else, not less terrible and
dear, to Uhese shadow shapes on the
Embankment benches. They, too, are
part of sleepless London?because they
must. This rule is that you may sit
on tho Embankment seats, but you
musn't doze there, and that rule the
police enforce. So you see dim forms
rise up at the reveille of tho police?
man's boot ami walx themselves awake
again, passing on to the next seat. But
chat is full?three old men and an old
young woman, their clothes swaddled
around them As far as they will go. A
hoy?thank heaven for boys!?has had
the idea of hiding himself behind one
of the parapets near the river police
j station and sleeps profoundly. So does
a gentleman with a white lie showing
' over his coat, sitting with Iiis head
swinging out-bonvds ns If it would
break off and tumble into the tall hat
Which rolls at his side. Snoring ri. hly,
he 1s?for the moment?the happiest
man on the Embankment. For the rest
of them?they are London's bad
WHAT LONDON MUST HAVE.
There are three things, you soon per?
ceive, for which London will not wait
food, letters and newspapers. The pup*
carts are still clattering toward the
stations and there Is nothing to pom
jK-tc- With them but the four-horsed
parcel post vans and the market wains.
They both breathe of the country and
altogether at night London is very
much nearer to the fields outside than
sie- is by day. The post vnns have
come up by road from anywhere within
fifty miles, for all the world like stage
coaches. They are a suggestive com?
ment on our loose control over our
rn II way s.
The big draft horses and big wagons
have not come so far. but they have
come far enough to give you a smell of
apples and turnips almost as sweet as
hay. At Covent Garden you lind them
slowly choking up the maze of little
streets. Porters pass slowly up and
down: work is in full swing; but again
it is curiously silent. The men are too
busy to give you the full benetlt of
their mixture of country and cockney:
there Is no sound but the scrunch of
heavy wheels, backing to their un?
loading places, and the slithering of
heavy Ironshod feet on the sticky cob?
bles as the luckier horses tile off to
their stables. The bait stable might
come Straight from a farm?just a big
whitewashed blank with a manger
along one end. The smell of this, too,
has stolen some sweetness from the
AMONG THE MARKETS.
Covent Garden is half lit and half
asl.-ep. Smithfleld, on the other hand,
flares with light and echoes with strong
voices. Through the bread streets you
are guided by meat wagons of a form
seldom seentjy daylight?a sort of rail
way horse box on wheels, only with |
open sides, which show you half oxen j
hanging, each in its own compartment, j
from the roof. Through the alleys
about Little Britain you may follow a
steady stream of salesmen, brisker
than the vegetable people of Covent
Garden. And the big market Is a blaze
of light and color. It might be a scene
from an empire ballet. Corridors of
shining: meat?Avlth crimson lean and
dazzling yellow fat: among them por?
ters with whole sides of beef, whole
sleep, whole pigs with shut eye-slits
and fore-trotters crossed in an atti?
tude of prayer. In long white mackin?
tosh coat each salesman stands before
his meat?row on row of it. street on
street, van on van outside, a little city
of gas jets and raw meat.
But London Is not all belly; the gen?
eral postotllce also is an island of gas?
light, and tho red mall cans are lum?
bering off after the newspapers to?
ward the early trains. But go on to
Cheapside, ami at last you come to
what you sought?London asleep. Here,
indeed, the city is paved with silence.
The very policeman hardly breaks It,
for most of his time he Is bending
down over locks to see If anybody Is
a-burgling. Yovi can look down glades
of houses, all asleep, and see not a
single living thing. All the time, dim
as the light is. you find yourselves
discovering beauties and interests
passed a hundred times unsuspected in
the broad light. The city churches, by
day those survivals of a dead pas?,
now become the fOCUSSCS of hitherto
unnoticed streetscapes. The bank is
menn .and the only Interesting thing
about the Royal Exchange is its grass?
hopper. But a church of St. Peter lets
a serene classical face Into the archi?
tecture of Cornhltl that dignities nil the
street, and the key on tbe top of it is
the dominant note of a whole eye full.
Near it you see tin ornate Gothic porch,
where, till now. you have only seen or?
nate stock-brokers. Queerest of all Is
a little country Quaker meeting house,
rieht in the middle of Etlshopsgate
street, a couple of very old sho|>s for
Its lower story, going by the name of
St. Ethelburgn's. We seem to have
heard of it In some connection with
Mr. Kenslt. or Father Black, or some
other church brawler; but whoever set
I eyes on It In Blshopsgate street?
AS DAWN BREAKS.
Time has been crawling on you?you
must try walking aimlessly all night
before you can realize how slowly. Now
I it is hnlf past 5. Racing half asleep
j along Bishopsgato street you meet a
working man. striding smartly, his
I dinner in a red handkerchief. Behind
comes another, nnd another, then two,
then a group. You notice that they all
step onward as with a purpose, so dif?
ferently from the loafers of the night.
These must be morning people, begin?
ning their day. not ending it. Then you
turn the corner of Liverpool street,
anil a thick colume of men Is stream?
ing out of the Croat Eastern station,
heading across the road, plunging for?
ward into tho streets all round.
And suddenly, all at once. It Is
morning. Dawn stenls shyly under
electric lamps, but now you see that
the sky has lightened from dark gray
to nearly white. Tilings begin to
clothe themselves In their day colors.
You feel tho breath of the morning
on your face, and Its Indefinable stir?
ring In your blond?yes, even In Fins
bury you can feel It. People crowd
around every corner, from every open?
ing as at a cue. They might be the
chorus lining up the stage of an opera.
From Broad street now. ns well as
Liverpool street, on foot, on bicycles,
leaping down from the tailboards of
railway wagons, they come and come.
A public bouse, closed a moment ago,
is suddenly open.
A TORRENT OF PEOPLE.
For two hours they pour in steadily:
faster nnd faster the stntions vomit
them out till succeeded tratnloads
merge into one continuous torrent if
people. Nearly all men. which is char?
acteristic of the land where the work?
man brings a cup of tea to his wife's
bedside; abroad n large proportion
would be women. The wonder is where
they ell go to. For tholgh London is
clearly awake and has already ab?
sorbed its thousands, it hardly seems
less empty than before. A few men at
work on a building, an electrical engi?
neer on n doorstep, just getting to work
at his dynamos, a man removing n
dust bin?that is nil. so far. London Is
so vast that they sonic in no deeper
But nil the fringe Is waking now, and
every station pours In Iis fresh hordes.
Presently tbe shops are opening. The
llrst tall hat rises splendidly on the
scene, and London is awake Indeed.
Bosra tho Kind You Have Ah%ats Bouglil
FIRE DRILL IN SCHOOLS.
To Be Made a Regular Feature in
Washington, D. C.
The practice of having lire drills In
the public schools is to be resumed in
Wlirihington. Soon after Ills return,
Commissioner Ross looked Into the sub?
ject, and found that while, according
to law, lire drills were expected 10 lake
place at least once a week, little or
nothing had lately been done in the
matter. Years and years ago, pupils
from the first grade up were taught
how to march speedily, quietly, and
with military precision out of their re?
spective rooms and down into the free
air whenever the fire signal called
them, but that is so long ago that only
the generation now teaching in the
public schools remembers it as a legend
handed down to thorn from the lips of
those who were once of their older
schoolmasters. The practice has been
revived every now ami then, but never
long enough to accustom the pupild of
nil grades to the drill.
At the suggestion of Commissioner
Ross. Superintendent W. B. Powell will
see to it that lire drills are regularly
practiced. The children wil! be taught
to march out of the scho.il at a given
Blgnal, llrst by being notified of it be?
forehand. When they are proficient
enough to execute the drill property,
the signal will be given without imme?
diate notice, and finally they will not
even be told on what day the signal
will sound, but will be expected to
march out of tho building as quickly
as possible, and in proper military or
Has No Equal as an Infant Food.
"INFANT HEALTH'sent FREE. ?tv(?.oct?t2ll^LT?H?
tendent Powell found that the drill Is
occasionally practiced, but hereafter It
will be made a regular feature of school
lire at least once a week- An order to
that effect has been Issued, to the V
THE DRILL IMPORTANT.
Commissioner Ross ?Ud that he was ,>
thoroughly convinced of the Importance
of the drill. "We cannot tell what ca?
lamity may some day be avoided If tho
children are properly trained In the
drill." he remarked. "As everybody
knows, a fire scare will often result
in the serious injury or death to many
crushed in a throng, while no one is ac?
tually in danger of being burned. A
hall of school room, or any other place
in which people congregate, can be
cleared in much shorter time and with?
out Inconvenience to any one if every
person in the crowd knows exactly
when and where to move, and so we \
want the fire drills. The tire signal
may be given at any Tnoment,i~and, in
caso of actual Are. the children may
not even know of the danger, so that
all excitement would be eliminated. I
remember one time, several years ago,
in one of the colored schools a boy fell
down on one of the upper floors, and
this caused such a terror below that
the children stormed out of the room,
and several were serolusly injured in
"And even If a scare should never oc?
cur, the drill would be valuable in giv?
ing the children moral qualities of self
control, precision and obedience to the
orders of a superior. All the pedagog?
ical arguments urged in favor of mili?
tary practice in the schools will apply
also the fire drill."
THE EXCELLENCE OF SYRUP OF FIGS
is due not only to the originality and
simplicity of tho combination, but also,
to tho care aud skill with which it is
manufactured by scientific processes
known to the California Fie Syrup
Co. ouly, and wo wish to impress upon
aU t he importance of purchasing- the
true and original" renicllj*." ftA the
genuine Syrup of Figs is manufactured. v?
by the California Fio Syrup Co.
only, a knowledge of that fact will
assist one in avoiding the worthless
imitations manufactured by other par?
ties. Tho high standing of the Cali?
fornia Fio Syrup Co. with the medi?
cal profession, and the satisfaction
which the genuine Syrup of Figs has.
given to millions of families, makes
the name of tho Company a guaranty
of the excellence of its remedy. It ?a
far ia advance of all other laxatives,
a.s it acts on tho kidneys, liver and,
bowels without irritating or weaken?
ing them, and it docs not gripe nor
nauseate. In order to get its beneficial
effects, please remember the imm? of
tho Company ?
CALIFORNIA FIG SYRUP CO.
SAN FltAMUMCO, C?l.
? ?>?-i?tirr.. nkw YORK. V.Xm
172 Church St., near Main.
We guarantee all Trunks, bought of us
(or One Year, and repair them free of
charge I We also print the name and ad?
dress on your Trunk?Gratis.
Square-top Canvass Trunk, heavy bra3S
corners and clamps. 2-sole leather straps,
iron bottom, s*.? t-1 strap lunges, Before
Stock-Tuklng Price i3.73.
Square-top Canvass Trunk, steel clamps
and corners, steel strap hinges, iron bot?
tom, division for hat box; Before Stock
Taking Price ?2.00.
DRESS SUIT CASES,
Men can't do without them?many
women have discovered how useful they
are. We are offering a genuine Leather
Suit Case for $2.75.
NORFOLK TRUNK FACTORY
THE ONLY EX6LUSIVE LEATHER
GOODS STORE IN THE CITY.
STANDARD SEWING MACHINES.
Sold on easy payments,
See the late
We sell ab kinds of Machines. Prlcesj
$17.50. IIS. tZO. $25. ?30, |35. HO, $)5. $50. $05.
We repair all makes Machines. Work
guaranteed. Oils. Belts. Needles for every
machine made. Call on us.
C. G. GUNTER,
165 CHURCH STREET, "NORFOLK. YA.
New: 'phone. 6S7,