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NORFOLK AND VICrNlTV? j!
Rain to-day, with warmer, light
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VOL. II?NO. 85.
NORFOLK, VA., TUESDAY, JANUARY 10, 1899?TWELVE PAGES.
THREE CENTS PER COPY.
icy of Expansion.
IT VIOLATES CONSTITUTION
Proposition to Forcibly Annex the
Philippine Islands Discussed in.
All Its Phases.
MONROE DOCTRINE IS GONE
Tho Frniners or ilio t'onnf Ittitlon Und,
I.cnriirtl Tlml WMlo There I? i.Ktio
Biso 'Hint Democracy Omnot Ac
eoninlisu, it Cnunot itnio Over
VnaaaJ MiiIch or Subject Proplca
Million* Bringing itto Elements of
Ilrutli Into IIh Own t'onalltnllon
Tli? Arguments orilio Kacpniiaion
tM(h ? A i ???'.oii In ft'npolrou'n
change or Ppiiey?Ttie President
of Oii? Yenr A;?i Quoted Against
in. President To-Uwy ? Renal or
piiiit Itopllra nrlcfly.
(Ry Telegraph to "Virgin 1a-rilot.)
Washington, D. C. dan. 9.?This
proved to he an Interesting dlfy In the
Senate, the principal subject under dis?
cussion being the constitutional right
of the United States to carry into ef?
fect the policy of expansion.
The leading speaker wns Mr. Hoar
(Hep.). <?f Massachusetts, who delivered
a speech In support ?>c the resolutloh In?
troduced by Mr. Vest (Dein.), of Mis?
souri, declaring it tobe In opposition to
the constitution for this country to nc
quire foreign territory to be governed
permanently as colonies
Although Mr. Hour occupied the timo
of the Senate for more than two hours,
lie was accorded the unus?al compll
jnent of close an'd undivMod attention
by his colleagues on the floor nnd a
large audience in the galleries. He con?
fined himself closely to his manuscript,
but his address was delivered with all
the lite, earnestness and animation of
the orator that he is. His speech was
in answer to that recently delivered by
Mr. Platt, of Connecticut, nnd had been
mqst carefully prepared.
CONSTITUTION Ali PHASES.
Without adverting in the proposed
policy of the United States entering!
upon an expansion of Its territory ex?
cept in a general and indirect manner,
Mr. Hear entered upon a discussion of
thi' constitutional phases of the ques
tlon Involved In the resolution under
consldern t Ion.
"It is nol mj purpose," be said, "to
discuss the general considerations
which nflecl any acquisition of sover?
eignty by tho American people over the
Philippine stands, which has been or
may be proposed. I nm spi-uk:mr to-ilny
only of tho theory of constitutional In?
terpretation propounded by the Senator
from Connecticut (Mr. PIntt). If at
any time hereafter the Senator shall
seek to put his theories into practice by
reducing to subjection a distant people,
dwelling in Ihc tropics, aliens In blood,
most of them Moslem in faith. Incapa?
ble to speak or comprehend our lan?
guage, or to read or to write any lan?
guage, t?> whom the traditions and the
doctrines of civil liberty are unknown,
It w;n be time to point out what terri?
ble results and penalties this departure
from pur constitutional principles will
bring upon us."
WISE BUILDERS OF STATICS.
Mr. Hoar said that our fathers who I
framed the constitution were the wisest!
builders of States the world has y?>t
seen. They had studied ancient his?
tory and had learned thnt while there
is little else that a Democracy cannot
accomplish, it cannot rule over vassal
States or subject peoples without bring?
ing the elements of death into Its own
constitution. Our fathers, he snid.
learned two lessons from the history of
Greece?the danger of disunion and
domestic strife and an indulgence in
the greed nnd lust of empire; nnd h?>
hoped we might avert, the bitter danger
its we have averted tho former.
"I hope not to weary the Senate by
reiteration," said Mr. Hoar, concluding
his preface, "hut this is the greatest
question, this question or the power
nnd authority Of our Constitution in
this matter. T had almost said, that had
been discussed among mankind from
the beginning of time. Certainly it is
the greatest question ever discussed in
this chamber from the beginning of
Mr. Hoar believed, he said, this coun?
try to Vie a nation?a sovereign nation.
II?' believed Congress possessed all the
powers necessary to accomplish the
greal objects the f ramers of the Consti?
tution Intended should be accomplish?
ed; Rut He denied that it possessed the
"astonishing" and "extravagant" pow?
ers under the Constitution which tho
Senator from Connecticut (Mr. Platt)
attributed to It.
C< ?NSTITUTIOXAIi POWER
LI MIT KD.
Mr. Hoar affirmed that every consti?
tutional power Is limited to the one su?
preme and controlling purpose declared
In the Constitution Itself. In order to
form a more perfect union, establish
Justice, insure domestic tranqullity,
provide for the common defense, pro?
mote the general welfare, and secure
the blessings of liberty to ourselves
and to our posterity."
"When the Senator from Connecticut
undertakes to declare." said Mr. Hoar,
"that we may <lo such things, not for
the perfect union, the commou defense,
the general welfare of the people of the
United Slates, or the securing of liberty
to ourselves and our children, but for
any fancied or real obligation to take
care of distant peoples beyond our
boundaries, not people of the United
States, then 1 deny his proposition and
teil him ho can find nothing either In
the text of the Constitution or the ex?
position of the fathers, or the Judg?
ments of courts from that day to this
to warrant or support his doctrine.
"We have heard of limited monar?
chies, constitutional monarchies, des?
potisms tempered by assassination; but
the logic of the Senator from Connecti?
cut makes a pure, unlimited, untemper
ed despotism without any relief from
U N SUSTAIN KD PROPOSITIONS.
Mr. Hoar maintained that the propo?
sitions advanced by Mr. Tlatt were not
sustained by a single one of his au?
thorities. He held In the course of his
argument that "the. powers of the
United states must be affirmatively del?
egated or they do not exist," In other
words, the "implied powers" referred lo
by Mr. Platt?the power to govern ter?
ritory acquired through war?did not
exist. The power which Mr. Platt main?
tained this Government possed was one.
Mr. Hoar said, "that our fathers and
their descendants have ever loathed
and abhored, and they believed that
no sovereign on earth could rightfully
Mr. Hoar was Inclined to ridicule
those who favor expansion and the
ratification of the treaty of Paris, with?
out amendment. Their arguments, he
said, were "Three cheers for the flag!
Who will dare to haul it down? Hold
on to everything you can get. Ameri?
ca has outgrown Americanism."
A CRITICAL ANALYSIS.
Mr. Hoar then entered upon a criti?
cal analysis of Mr. Platts speech. After
summarizing the argument he said:
"The constitutional argument for
slavery was ten times as strong as the
argument of the Senator frpm Connec?
ticut. The slave master said he owned
men for their good. The Senator from
Conncctucut proposes to own nations
for their good."
He sets forth his own constitutional
doctrine, which he desired to oppose to
that "f Mr. Platt. He declared that the
peoi le of this country had not deposit?
ed nil sovereignty anywhere, and had
authorized no agent of theirs to exer?
cise all sovereignty, unlimited and un?
controllable, He continued:
"Tho power to conquer alien peoples
and hold them in subjugation is no?
where- expressly granted.
POWER TO CONQUER AT/IF.NS.
"The power to conquer alien peoples
nnd hold them in subjugation is no?
where implied.as necessary.for the ac?
complishments of the purposes declar?
ed by .the constitution.
"It Is clearly shown to be one that
ought not to he exercised by anybody?
one that the framers of the constitution
thought ought not lo be exercised by
"First?Because It Is immoral and
wic ked in itself.
"Second?Because it is expressly de?
nied in the declaration of independence,
the great interpreter and expounder of
the menning of the constitution, which
owes Its origin to the same generation
and largely lo the same men.
(Continued on Sixth Page.
CUBAN BRIGAND KILLED
Machete and Spurs Brought in
I tie Outlaw isiui iiowii ami Kttnrl
Work Sf wile of Him ami Uli Onng
- .^iillva l iuint iluiliiry llolnt. Hoeil
Work tn Hie Ittniid*.
(P.y Telegraph to Virginian-Pilot.)
Savananh, Ca., Jan. 0.?Mr. Allen
Bond, of this city, has just returned
from Baracoa and Santiago province.
Ho gives an interesting story of the
pursuit, and capture of the Cuban Ma?
jor, who turned brigand as reported to
Washington, and referred to in the As.
soclatcd Press dispatches last night.
Mr. 1 lond snyts:
"While I was at Baracoa Colonel
WyHy was notified by Colonel Hay, at
Guantanamo, that a former major of
Ihc Cuban army had organized a
band, stolen horses and committed
other depredations in that district, and
was believed to be heading for Baracoa.
The information was turned over to
Captain Gallano, ot the Cuban army,
who ascertained that two members of
tho gang had been in Baracoa during
the day, but had left several hours be?
"He Immediately started in pursuit,
sending small squads of men out on
each road, himself heading one squad.
He pursued Ihe gang for twenty-five
miles over the rough roads of that
county, and finally caught the Major
and some Of his men in a house, which
the party surrounded. I),, brought in
ill*- ma hete and spurs of the late M.i
j'.r. whom In- stated had been killed
while endeavoring to escape."
Speaking of the work of the Cuban
constabulary or gendarmes, Mr. Bond
"They do a remarkable work. There
are about thirty of them in the Baracoa
district. The whole country is filled
with desperate characters, many of
them former officers and members of
the Cuban army, who commit every
outrage, and who are ready for any
sort of deviltry. As soon as it becomes
known that a man is a desperate char?
acter, or that he has beert guilty of any
outrageous offence, his name is placed
upon the black list. This list is turned
over by Colonel Wy11yv to Captain
Gallano.who proceeds to hunt the crim?
inal down. Usually a machete ami a
pair of spurs arc brought in by tho
gendarmes as evidence thai no further
trouble may be expected from the par?
ties uuier the bun."
Order of Civil Governor is
ASKED TO BE RELIEVED
Bcuor iVriniiiiicz ?lo Castro Itrr.isn?
III* Office of (bo Civil (iovcinnrs
niiil> ? Cuban Oouernl Snngnlly
Told to May tun ?>r Havana? lie
Wn? Looking for I rouble and lie
USy'Telegraph to Virginlan-rilot.T
Havana, January 9.?Penor Fernan?
dez do Castro, the Civil Governor of
Havana, acts n* though he had his
former powers. He lias ordered the hy?
gienic hispital to bo closed. General
Ludlow, the Military Governor of the
district of Havana, who had not been
consulted in the matter, was displeased
when he heard of the action taken and
directed that the hospital be re-opened.
De Castro ordered try? newspapers last
week not to print certain business ad?
vertisements which were distasteful to
him. They did not do so. Senor De
Castro this afternoon wrote General
Ludlow, nsklng"-to-be rclieved-os-soon
as convenient, of the Civil Governor?
John Gary Evans, though not exactly
Alcalde or Mayor of Havana, has been
directed by General Ludlow to recon?
struct the minor courts and supervise
the police and some of the civil depart?
Major Genetal Lud low recently re?
quested the Cuban General Julio San
guily to stay outside the city, or, in the
event of his entering It, not to wear his
uniform In public. Sanguily was In?
formed in writing that, he* would bo
severely dealt with In the event of pro?
voking any more trouble, such as oc?
curred at the Albiau Theatre a few
nights ago, when, with a party of
friends, he almost provoked a physical
conflict with two members of the mu?
nicipal police, who had not saluted him.
General Ludlow sent a copy of the let?
ter to General Mayla Rodriguez. Sau
MA JOR G ISNER A L LI DLOW.
gully's superior, and it Is understood
that General Rodriguez also cautioned
LOOKING FOR TROUBLE.
To-day he has been seen around the
city conspicuous in a white duck ratit
and white brimmed panama hat, wear
nrg CITO title.- K-'l.l cf :l MaJ i
General. Attended by eight or ten
friends, curling Iiis long gray mous?
tache and twisting his imperial, he has
been ostentatiously posing in the cafes,
utterly Without regard to General Lud
low's directions. Sangully seems to be
looking for trouble. Though unpopular
With tho Cuban chiefs, he has a large
following among the lower classes. The
attention of General Rodriguez will be
tailed to this obstreperous behavior, aa
It Is considered better to let his own
people handle him.
A CUBAN OUTRAGED.
"La Lucha to-day publishes a dis?
patch from Vagunjay, near Calbarlen,
province of Santa Clara, reporting that
I on Saturday the Cubans there killed an
j old man formerly In the employ of the
I Spanish authorities. The dispatch Bays
that General Maximo Gomez prompt?
ly arrested six members of his staff
who were concerned In the killing, and
I turned them over t.i tho municipal au?
thorises at Calbarlen.
Private Weiss, Company K. Eighth
United States infantry, who, while on
patrol last Wednesday night, shot nnd
killed an escaping Cuban negro arrest?
ed for having in his possession a large
Jorgensen bayonet, has been discharged
by the military authorities and com?
mended by Major General Ludlow "for
courage and good .judgment in en?
deavoring to stop a lawbreaker before
shooting to kill, and for coolness In
shooting when that became necessary."
GENERAL BROOKE SURPRISED.
Governor General Rrooke has tele?
graphed to Washington an expression
of his astonishment that General Wood,
j Military Governor of the Department
of Santiago, should havo permitted the
I recent demonstrations at Santiago
against the proposed order for concen?
trating customs at Havana to take the
form of abuse of the Governor of the
laxly Fatuity I5nriic?l.
(Special to Virgin!an-r*ilot.)
Richmond, Va., Jan. 0.?Miss Mary
Brooks, an aged lady, wes probably fa?
tally burned yesteday by a spark from
a.grate. Mr. A. C. Moore, a young man,
saw smoke ssuing from an upstairs
window and rushed up. broke in tile
door and tore off her clothins. His
ban.is wire drondi'ully binned and his
overcoat and suit ruined. He called in
;i doctor and the injured woman, who
is well known, was taken to the ho.-t
plUl, what* Hue will probably die.
Filipino Committees Cable
Protest to McKinley.
AGUINALQO IMPOSES TARIFF
Purin Jiiiitti Satined i?r llonj; Kong
a gem I lint i iciii Willi Americans
In CunTOlllnble? \Vi?r Department
RollCOUl nn n> Hui t-M ut llix.li?. Inn
Admit I'lint siimif lou I? Critical?
(By Telegraph to virginian-riiot.)
London, January 9.?Tho Filipino
committees in Paris, Madrid ami Lon?
don telegraphed on Saturday to Presi?
dent McKinley. The Tarls dispatch
"We protest against the disembarka?
tion of American troops at Jloilo."
Tho London telegram said:
"Treaty of peace still unratlfled.
American claim of sovereignty prema?
ture. Pray reconsider resolution re
gardlnp-, Hollo. Filipinos wish for the
friendship of America and abhor mili?
tarism and' deceit."
AMERICANS THE) AGGRESSORS.
? London, January 9.?A representative
of the Associated Press learns that the
Filipinos junta of Paris has received a
telegram from the Filipino agent at
Hong Kong, dated Saturday, and say
"Fight with Americana unavoidable.
We are not the aggressors."
A telegram from an English house at
Manall to-day says the situation is very
strained and that there is much anx?
iety there.The dispatch also contained
news fron. Hollo, tho Bubstance of
which was that the American troops
had hot yel landed.
The members of the Filipino junta
discredit a statement published In the
Glpbo hero this afternoon that the
United states Government had orderr
MAJOR GENERAL OTIS.
ed A goncillo, the representative of
Aguinaldo, to leave Washington. They
say they would surely have heard the
news if it had been true.
AGUINALDO IMPOSES CUSTOMS
Mail adv ices irom I he so-called Fili?
pino government, received here to-day.
say that Aguinaldo has decided that all
foreign trade entering ports under Fili?
pino control will he admitted on the
payment of a duty of live per cent, ad
valorem, and that all export trade is
liable to n duty of one per cent, ad
A* VIEWED AT WASHINGTON.
Washington, D. C, January 9.--A
great deal of reticence is exhibited at
the War Department relative to the
state of affairs at Hollo, it Is admitted
that General Otis has reported to the
Department the facts that were report?
ed to him by General Miller, but all
that can be gathered as to the nature
of tho communication Is that goes to
confirm the press reports as io the atti?
tude of the insurgents. There are ex?
cellent reasons why the officials at the
War Department should, at this stage,
maintain secrecy as to the instructions
governing the movements of. troops in
THE SITUATION CRITICAL.
The situation is admitted to bo criti?
cal, but not hopeless by any means,
ami it is extremely desirable that the
danger of a rupture shall not bo in?
creased by Inflammatory publications,
which powerfully affect the excitable
Filipinos. It is believed that General
Otis is framing a plan of campaign
which will result In the extension of
his control over the island of Panay
without actual hostilities* or, if it must
come to warfare, then with the Icasl
possible exposure of the American
FIRST STEP PROBABLV TAKEN.
Probably the first step In this < ir/i
paign has heeh taken by this l . In
tho establishment of a camp "ii the isl?
and of Gulmaras, lying only a few
miles from Hollo, und c-nsilj accessible
to the warships. This probably will be
made tho base of operations, if hostlll
I ties become unavoidable. The Govern?
ment, however, has not abandoned hope
that a peaceful BOlutlon can be reach?
Tho Government's Instructions, sent
to General Miller, at Hollo, were jo land
and get in communication with :he in?
surgents. This is as far as his orders
have gone, except that when he has
established communication with the
insurgent officials end people he Is to
make public the purposes of the United
States. Not ? sh >( is to be fired by the
forces of this i ?untry unless they are
attacked, or until forther orders are
given from here This program was
agreed upon between President McKJn
ley and Secretary Alger several days
SECRETARY ALGER'S VIEWS.
Secretary Alger was at the White
House for son>.> time this afternoon, He
stated in the most emphatic terms that
no alarming news haa ci me from Gen?
eral Otis nnd that ho d! 1 not believe a
shot bad tfeen tired so far or that one
would be lired.Heis confident that Gen?
eral Miller will bo able to handle the
situation successfully an i obtain con?
trol of Hollo with.'tit bloodshed. He Is
of the opinion that the insurgents have
been so long imposed upon that they
are naturally suspicious and fear the
worst if they surrender their strong?
holds into the hands of the United
Tho policy to be adopted now is a
gentle one. Persuasion will be used be?
fore powder. That will be the last re?
sort, and Secretary Algcr is optimistic
In his views that It will never be nec?
essary. The President, it Is said, also
views the situation In a similarly hope?
ful manner. Ho believes that the Filipi?
nos will become loss suspicious when
they understand more fully the Inten?
tions of this country. lie believes that
careful work on the par: of prudent of?
ficials will convince the Filipinos of the
earnestness of the T'ni'- d States and
of tho purpose of this Government to
protect their lives and property.
APPROACHING A CLIMAX.
Manila. Jan. 9.?The situation is rap?
idly epproachlng a. climax, and it is
Just possible that to-morrow will see
a peaceful solution.
Meanwhile all Boris of alarmist ru
moi s are in circulation. The United
States authorities are lathing every pre?
caution: the troops In quarters are un?
der arms end the Calif or nians have
disembarked from the transports.
Tho natives, it is reported, have been
ordered not to work for the Ameri?
cans, und the employes In the commis?
sary department have gone on a strike.
Many natives are leaving tho city.
Major General Otis, however* has the
whole situation thoroughly in hand.
AGUINALDO'S SECOND PLOCLA
A second proclamation by Aguintildo,
bearing the same date as the one which
immediately followed the proclamation
of Major General Otis, based upon
President McKlnley's Instructions, first
Iappeared on the streets to-day, but it
is alleged to have been recalled, it's]
terms are much more vehement than
those used in the first proclamation,
j Agulnaldo threatens 10 drive the Atner
i leans from the islands, calls the Deity
(Continued on Sixth Page.)
A REPUBLIC MENACED
President of French Court of Cas?
Will i.cmi Hie Nationalist* mid Anil
Nemllew mid With Oilier Contend
lug ructions ICcpiiMir Ulli HnVS
Haid Time-- I*. ??>? tus' OiMiinl.
(By Telegraph to Virginia-Pilot.)
Paris. Jan. The Echo de Paris
I this morning publishes a statement by
M. Quesnay tie Benurepalre, of tue
reason for his resignation of the pres?
idency of the civil section of the Court
of Cassation. In n long document he
virtually protests against what he ?sug.
gests is a conspiracy on the part of the
Court of Cassation to exonerate Drey?
fus . But he practically admits his par?
tiality by declaring that his resigna?
tion was Intended to avenge the army
and its generals for the sufferings they
have had to endure in silence.
A DIVIDED COURT.
London, Jan. 10.?The Paris corres?
pondent of the Daily Mall says:
"To-day's revelations of various
kinds tends to show 'that the members
of the Court of Cassation arc them?
selves) divided Into two fiercely oppceted
camps of Dreyfusards and anti-Drey
fusard. M. de H.iurep.iire's explana?
tion of the causes for his resignation
Will probably lead to the fall of the
cabinet, since ho complains bitterly of
th ? way M. Lehret, the -Minister of
justice, conducted the Interview With
him when he offered to the minister a
statement of the relations between M.
Bard, of the criminal branch of the
Count of Cassation, and Col. Plcqufcrt,
THE GREATEST SCANDAL YET,
Tho Parts correspondent "f the Times
"Of all the scandals produced by the
Dreyfus affair this of the resignation of
M. Quesnay de ?eaurcpn re is certainly
tho greatest. What is beyond doubt Is
that the Nationalists who have not had
a single man whose name was Imposing
or whose ability dangerous, now appear
to have found u chief, although his aim
is still far from clear. With M. Ques?
nay <le Beaurepaire leading the Nation?
alists and anti-Semiti <. Paul Deroulede
feadlng the league of Patr iots and God
efroy Cavalgnac at the head of the
Patrlo Krai. , so. the Republic, If It
escapes, will have a hard time."
DREYFUS MARKS DENIAL.
Paris, Jan. *?. A telegram from
Cayenne, capital of French Guiana, has
been communicated to the Court of Cas?
sation embodying the reply of Dreyfus
to question put to him by the Public
Prosecutor there. Dreyfus energetically
denies that he ever con:-s a d that he
was guilty to Captain Lebruii Renault,
in whose charge he was placed at the
Eoole mlliatlro at the time of his con?
demnation and tlcgradatl n, nnd he re?
peats hin innocence.
other telegraph page e.
CLASSIFICATION OF NEWS
Telegraph News?Paws l ami 6
Local iVws?Kites j, j and >
Editi 'i i ll?Page A.
Virginia News Pages 7 and S.
Nnrth < Carolina News- Page o.
Portsmouth News?Patres to and I I.
Berkley New??Patfc it.
Shipping -Page 13.
Head on Collision on Lehigh
THIRTEEN PEOPLE KILLED
Twenty-five Others Wounded, Most
of Whom Are From Penn?
MISTAKE IN TRAIN ORDERS
MnlTerlnc of Injured Wim Henrt Ren?
dine lit Cxlrtmo nnd Pnule find
I'nndrnionlnni Kclgnod Among
tlie I'our Iftiiidrcd Pnasongers?
i in- Frlgntfal Aceldoni Slide Po?>
?.into on Iiuiiblc Truck Roml by n
Previous Wreck of n Freight Triiln
? lllood Mnlned, TaiiKlcd nnd
Tn Intel Iron nnd Wood Tell the
Tnlo of Horror?One. Knglue Tarn?
n Complete Somernnult Wlille tho
Tender In Jnmmed Clenr Throagh
i? I'uttcngcr t'oitcb.
(By Telegraph to Virginian-Pilot.)
New York. January 9.?Ry a head-on
collision between two passenger trains
on the Lchigh Valley railroad at West
Dunellen, N. J.. at 12:17 p. m. to-day
thirteen persons were killed and over
twenty-live were injured. The dead are:
. Martin Keenan, hotel keeper. Mount
W*. H. Hlnkel, contractor, Mount Car
Jacob Heller, taller. Mount Carrael,
H. E. Weltteil, 23 years old, Mount
Frank Fischer, shoe dealer, Mount
William II. Leader, 21 years old, dry
goodn dealer. Mount Carmel, Pa. He Is
a son of C. C. Leader, president of a
bank in Shamokln. He was only re?
Frank Markel, 51 years old, Shamo?
Theodore's. Kohn, Shamokln, Pa.
Abner S. Kelfer, carpet dealer, Potts
William IT. Markel, Shamokln, Pa.
James Jarvis, 12 years old, Mount
Two women who are still to be ldentl
Most of the wounded are from Penn?
sylvania. Some of them are badly hurt
and several may die.
SCENE OF THE WRECK.
West Dunncllen is throe miles from
Bound Brook nnd about thirty miles
from New York city. At the spot where
tho disaster occurred there id a sharp
curve In the Lehlgh Valley tracks and
a steep cutting, but the accident was
due in the lirst place to some terrible
mistake in train orders, and in the sec- 1
nnd place tiv another accident that oc?
curred at Bound Brook earlier In the
day. The scenes which accompanied
the collision, the suiterings ot tne in?
jured and the panic that reigned among >
the tour hundred passengers wore well
nigh indescribable. The blood stained
wie?, of tangled and twisted iron and
wood that was still on the railroad
tracks to-night bore witness to the
truth of the general verdict of railroad
men that this was one of tho worst
collisions in recent years.
MOVEMENT OF THE TRAINS.
A head-on collision on a double
track road was mode possible only by
a freight wreck which occurred at
Hound Brook at 6 o'clock this morn?
ing, when tho axle of a freight car
broke and nine cars were piled on top
of each other. This completely blocked
the westbound track, and all through
morning l-ehlgh Valley wains bound
for New York switched from their own
track to tho westbound track, going
over these rails front Bound Brook to
New Market, a distance of six miles,
and changing at the latter place back
to their right side- of the road. To per?
mit this mode of tiaftle all westbound
trains were held at South Plalnfleld un?
til their own line was clear of trains
going In the opposite direction.
Train No. J1, which left Shamokln,
Piu, at 7 a. in., w.is so heavy with hu?
man freight that it had to be broken
Into thice sections. The first two 6efc
tlons arrived at Bound Brook, switch?
ed over to.the other track, switched,
hack to N w Market and reached New
York In safety. The third section of
this train was almost an hour late.
Its seven cars were crowded with
four hundred excursionists, most of
th< :;i frvm Mount Carmel and Shamo
kln. Mahony city. Hasleton, Ashland
und lvttsviile, Pennsylvania. The party
was traveling under the auspices of
the Business Men's F.xcursion, an an?
imal event v.lnch many patronize for a,
three ..lays' trl:> to New York. Not a
f, w <if the excursionists were coming
to witness the McCoy-Sharkey fight.
Tin ?? ??-* :i switched over at Bound
Bi ok and pro. ee.led, like the preced?
ing ;1 tho westbound track.
V nwhllo there had been waiting at
Neu M irket a local train that piles
regularly between New York and
It mud Bn ik. Its number on tho ached.- '
tile is ::. ..ml it was due in Bound
Brock at 11 :ft!? a. in. Owing to the traf
tic all going on one track it was almost
an hour late. At last the train dis?
patcher at South Plalnfleld gave It pcr
(Cantinued on Sixth Page,),