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VIRGINI?N - PILOT.
IVIRGINIAN AND PILOT PUBLISHING
MRFOLK VIRGINIA?! AND DAILY PILOT.
_(Consolidated March, ISfS.)_
Entered nt the Postoffico at Norfolk,
Iva., as second-class matter._
; . OFFICE: PILOT BUILDING,
lliiLw. CITY II ALL AVENUE.
. OFFICERS: A H. GRANDY, President;
?K. GLENNAN. Vicc-Prcsldcnt: \V. H.
?JVTLKlNS?ON. Treasurer; JAMES E. AL
BOARD OF DIRECTORS: A. IL
Grnndy M. Ulonnan. L. D. Starke. Jr..
T. W. Slulton. R. W.-Shullice, James E.
Allen, p. je. Donovan. _
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Tho VIRGINIAN AND PILOT PUB?
SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 12, IV*.
ALL ROUTES LEAD TO NORFOLK !
In tho long run, the ndvantagf a of
Norfolk will tell. The prin ip'al of these
are obvious and Incontestabh :
1st. Its location Is unrivaled In many
Ways. It. is central to the Atlantic
coast; it is the central Atlantic port
for nil interior American trade seeking
export; it is in a latitude so tempernt ?
and equable that,*not too hot in summer
by reason of sea, bay and rlv< r breezes,
nor too cold in winter, on account of the
proximity to the Gulf Stream, It Is an
open port all the year-round.
'--2nd. Its transportation facilities are
unsurpassed In kind, number and ca?
pacity. Ten railroads have their ter?
mini here, with through connections I :
traffic or travel to every part of thc
United States. Mexico and Canada, ail
tho Southern portions of these lines be?
ing unblbckaded by snow In any win*
ler. 'Besides Its rail transportation,
there is Its water transportation, by
Chesapeake Pay and the Potomac river,
connecting with FrederlcksSurg, Balti?
more and Washington City; by James
river, with, Petersburg and Richmond;
by Inland canal navigation Via Dismal
Swamp and Albeatarle and Chesapeake
canal, river, sound and hay. from Bos?
ton to the Gulf of .Mexico; and by sea,
tHth all the Eastern Snuthi m World,
including Europe, Asia, Africa and
Australasia, and with all South Amer?
ican Atlantic pol;;:, Wesi Indian Is?
lands, all North American Atlantic
Vorts and nil Atlantic islands, &c. &c.
3rd. It has the most magnificent, ca?
pacious! safe and convenient port ami
Itarbor In the world, easy of Ingn and
)gress; vlth every facility for loading
Und unloading; being the in : conv n
Jent point, at all seasons, along always
spen lines, for the cotton, sugar, mo?
lasses, turpentine, timber, lumber, rice
und all the products of the South, for
the grain, cattle and other staples of
the West .and Northwest, to be
collected and shipped by sea?
going or coastwise ships to any
other point,?with grain elevators, coal
shutes, cotton compresses and other fa?
cilities abundant and convenient.
4th. Manufactories of every kind find
here a genial climate, eligible locations
for receipt of materials, and shipment
and distribution of all products, in any
direction, to any market, or destination
on the habitable globe; with plenty of
Industrious labor at reasonable rates,
lOW taxes, and a hospitable people.
5th. No more healthy nnd agreeable
place of residence can bo found any?
where than iiere and in this vi Inity.
With no extremes of temperature al any
season, it has a mixture and varii ty nf
land and water that afford tho most
picturesque and beautiful views, und
all the accessories necessary I , all the
pleasures and amusements, innocent
and recuperative, thai are now s . priz?
ed and sought after by a cultivated
people. Every variety of water privi?
lege and navigation, offers unbounded
resources for yachting, boating, row?
ing, bathing, fishing, ducking, tin I on
has not far t > go by rail or water to
find ganio of all sorts, water-fowl nnd
land-fowl, with a plenty of other
game, including deer and bear. Here
and hereabouts, too, are nil the natural
attractions and benefits that make n
perfect resort for health, as well as for
interest, amusement .and pleasure. No
few national nnd historical places .are
near by; and whether one come for per?
manent or temporary stay, for business,
health, sport or enjoyment, ho will dis?
cover at once that he lias chosen the
right locality, whose multitudinous
charms and combinations of the use?
ful and agreeable are really Innumer?
able, and cinndt be exaggerated.
ELECTIONS MUST BE PURE.
Every Intelligent and honest man will
agree that our ballots should be free:
from from force, four, fraud, bribery
ami undue Influence; that they should
be lawful ballots, honestly east: and
that they should be truly counted and
truly returned, or officially reported.
How is it, then, that with a unanimous,
or practically unanimous desire for n
pure ballot-box, there is prevailing be?
lief that it Is not so, except when it is
to tho interest of those having it i"
control that it should bo so? Und >r
stielt conditions, there is precious lit?
tle satisfaction in voting for men i r
measures: indeed, it would be more cl
fectlve and satisfactory to vole In n
rat-hole, or in a sewer-opening, or In
a cellar-trap, or a coal-hole, as in these
honest receptacles the ballots would bo
simply lost, or thrown away, whereas,
according to all accounts, once in the
ballot-box, they arc counted to suit tii
It is not. then, with much enthusiasm
that one welcomes the proposition to
amend tho constitution of the United
States, so that United States Senators
may be elected by the people, Inst? id
of by the legislatures of each Of tic
States respectively. This proposition
comes because the legislatures have so
frequently been controlled by Impi
amp undue influences in the selection
of Federal Senators. Bui does re?
ferring the election to the people help
the matter? Thi- Integrity of iho !? ??
plo, ns a whole. Is tint in question, it
Is the ballot-box that is not abov
plclon. Wherefore, then, trust the elc
tion of the United States Senators to II
until it be reformed ami restored to its
former purity? It is very true that it
Is a shameful spectacle to see so many
legislatures in a deadlock over tho
election of Senators: locked by money,
and only to be unlocked when he ..:
tiny who hold th- key of the situation
nut enough money in the right jiockets
As we have urged before, so we urge
again, tha: a better plan (until we arc
sure of the ballot-box) is for the people
In tlulr nominations of candidates for
the legislature, whether by convention
or primary election, to instruct them
as to the Senators for whom they are
expected to vote, if elected; and this
has the advantage of being presently
available, as it requires no amendment
of the United States Constitution, nor
any waiting for that to be effected. II
Is not a perfect plan, it is readily
! agreed: nor will any plan approach
: perfection until some means are found
to assure at every polling-place In
popular elections a s'-t of int. Illgetlt,
honest and honorable election officers,
who will act fairly and according to
law. Then resource must be had t >
tho voters; but In that case fraudulent
land bribed voters, without co-operators
and sympathizers in charge^ of the
polls, will not be apt to do much harm.
We agree with the Richmond Times
that our popular elections, from regis?
tration to final returns of the v< n r,
(1 should bie Immaculate ami above nil
suspicion. As it truly says, if there
I ever was a time when honest men
might wink at certain practices to as?
sure good, or prevent evil results, that
time has passed, and nur polls, in every
instance, should be placed In the hands
of our best and most trustworthy men,
l or under their immediate, authoritative
ami responsible supervision. These
inert, we know, object strenously to
'serving in such capacity now-a-dnys.
J Why? Because loo long and too often
dirty tricks were expected of poll
holdcrs, and dirty men were nppolnted
| to hold them. Hut if we tire ever to
I have honest elections, honest men must
! hold them, ami no man should be i
; cuscd from this sacred duty now, nor
should be Beek to be excused, when
It is explained to him that he
Is selected to give us honest ??! c
tlona and to assure the public by los
presence that no rascality should be
practiced a; polls where lie is on duty.
We. therefore, beg thai our polls hero
and all over the Stale, In every future
election, shall be placed exclusively in
the hands of men respected and n o : .;
by all classes, parlies and colors. We
are strong enough to he bravo and
true, and so lei us lie.
OH, COME BLESSED PEACE !
While America was at war with
Spain (and on a just quarrel, it may
be admitted, even if it lias been pr ?
luted to most unjust purposes of con?
quest and subjugation), Russia pro
posed a general disarmament to tii
nations of the earth. This proposltli
came from so .surprising a quarter, that
it was generally received with derision
or distrust; but as the Czar has backed
Ills proposal by further evidences
good faith, it has begun to receive cre?
dence and respect.
The sovereigns and ministries of
many nations ate now seriously ? n
Sldcring the proposition nnd Ihe p
ble ways ami means of soft ly and
happily achieving the great end aimed
at by it. if it could be carried out
thoroughly and faithfully by all na?
tions, although it would not make
wars at all impossible, it would abolish
one of the chief causes and temptations
to war, foreign and domestic,?standing
How strange that when the greatest
despot of the world is invoking uni?
versal peace and international disarm?
ing, the great Anu.ric.111 Republic has
Just concluded one Mar to enter upon
another, mid, for the first time in her
history, now meets the Czar's proi isU
tion with the Hull bill to establish a
great standing army, of 100,000 tu h.
Is this the will of the American peo?
pie? Is their voice for war? or will
they not Join the Czar of all the Rus
si is and the other potentates of the
earth, In declaring- that war shall he
no more? "War is the great con?
sumer of tho fruits of the earth and
the great destroyer of the works of Its
Industry. It is prolillc of death, pain,
misery and horror. As General W. T.
Sherman said: "War is hellt" Yes;
and. In contrast, peace is heaven, or
Id any American party a war party?
Arc war and peace, liberty and subju?
gation, the militia or a standing army,
party questions? Certainly Hi" party
in power I? responsible for the de?
cisions of Its administration on all these
questions as they arise and force lm
iv diato conclusions; and all good citl
v. as must loyally support these conclu?
sions: but as general subjects of con?
sideration, no party is committed to
war, subjugation or to a standing
army; and surely all our political tenets
as Republicans or Democrats commit
US alike to policies Of peace, liberty and
a popular militia. Only personal o>
private ends can inspire, anyone with
favor for a policy of war, of conquest,
or subjugation, or of militarism, or im?
perialism. It is Impossible that a free
people, jealous of their rights and lib?
erties, can be hurried away into an 1 tlx?
portal mania for war and militarism,
with subjugation, at home and abroad,
as their natural results.
THE NORTH CAROLINA EDUCA?
"S action 4. Every person presenting
himself for registration shall be able
lo read and write any section of the
Constitution in the English language,
and in addition thereto shall have paid,
on or before the 1st day of March of
? ie year in which lie proposes to vote,
his poll-tax, as prescribed by law, for
tlie previous year, and he shall ex?
hibit his receipt therefor when he of?
fers to vote. Poll-taxes .shall be a lien
only oh assessed property, and no pro.
cess shall i.isue to enforce the collec?
tion of the same, except against as?
' .-T-tHlon-e.--.Xo in parson who wa.?
on January 1. 1m;t. or at .any time prior j
thereto, entitled to vote under the laws
of any, State in lite United States
wherein he .lien resided, and no lineal
'1 SC< ndant of any ?uch person shall
be denied the right to register and vote
at any election in this State by reason
of his failure to possess tlie education?
al qualification prescribed In section
four of this ui'tlelc; provided, he shall
have registered in accordance with the
terms 01 this article prior to December
I. 180S; and no person shall be entitled
to register under this section after that
The above provisions, except as they
relate to the poll-tag, meet the appro,
batten of TUM VI RGINIA N- PI LOT,
as existing conditions .seem to d to and
some qualification of the suffrage. This
North Carolina test does not indiscrim?
inately disqualify good men and bad,
foals ? and sages, as most educational
qualifications propose to do; and here
is a special virtue nnd merit in the pro-.
visipti of section that "no male per?
sent who was on January 1, 1.SC7, or at
aiiM time prior thereto, entitled to
vote under the laws of any State of the
United States wherein he then resided,
and no lineal descendant of any such
person, shall be denied the right to reg?
ister and vote at any election by reas?
on ef his failure to possess tho educa?
tional qualification prescribed in sec?
tion -I of this article," &c.
The provision of section 5 running in
tie ? words "entitled to vole under
the laws of any State of the United
States,'.' Us in observance of a provision
of the Federal < onstllutlon that a cit?
izen of any State shall enjoy the priv?
ileges ami immunities granted i Itlzena
of the several States. Put n question
may arise as to certain present citizens
of North Carolina under oeclion 5.
who are descendants of male person
who, PRIOR to .I.intiary 1, 1S67, wer-,
entitled to vote in any sTTile. Free"
negroes, with certain qualifications,
were entitled to vote in North Carolina
pn.-i'lonti to 1-10. Put tlie number of
persons claiming exemption from the
educational lest because of descent
from tluse ancient colored voters will
v, ry likely be small indeed.
The pell-tax prepayment require?
ment, however, right enough in Itself,
v. :; be prolific of frauds, especially in
closely contested county elections, if
not in others. We have had experience
>>:' i like requirement in Virginia, and
in county elections and others, where
the county otlicial incumbents, or same
of them, or their friends, were candi?
dates for election, poll-tax receipts
w re supplied, free, In unlimited qudn
to nil who agreed to vote for
e candidates, provided they were
i irned to the distributors after
Voting. Having served to pass the
v lea at the polls, these receipts were
: . n up and destroyed; and the
Iti wleilge that voters for certain can?
didates could always obtain these free
j' Ipts at elections decreased tho
actual pay men (s of poll-taxes greatly
nnd tended much to encourage bribery
and corruption among all parties; for,
of course, the free receipts being
known to he furnished to voters for
favored candidates, ail the candidates
had to provide bona fide receipts for
their voters. As su.in as its operation
was understood, thta provision of pre?
paid poll-tax, evidenced at the polls by
a receipt. It was repealed; and the
North Carolina legislature will be wise
to strike tho requirement out of i'.r*
proposed amendment to the State Con?
Much minor rascality, In fraud of the
Treasury of the Commonwealth, nlso
grew out of the circulation of these
receipts in blank. Many were never
returned to bo cancelled; many, lu
blank, became commercial commodi?
ties; nnd the system led to the gross
itichcry among officials, candidates
voters. If the plan Increased1 the
nue, It would be bad enough; but
It decreases the revenue from polls and
leads only to bribery, corruption and
misfeasance In olllce.
SENATOR ALLEN UPON BRYAN.
The tribute of Senator Allen, of Ne?
braska, to William J. Bryan, In the
course of a speech In the Senate in
favor of the ratification of the treaty
with Spain, was a high and notable one,
and deserves more prominence than it
has received. Said the Senator:
"I am not the keeper of the con
scienco of Mr. Bryan. I do not pre?
tend to represent him hero or elsewhere,
and any utterances to the contrary arc
entirely unfounded. 1 am the personal
friend of Mr. Bryan, and I am also'his
political friend. 1 may say of him that
i regard him as the superior In knowl?
edge and capacity of any living Amer?
ican Statesman. History will rank him
with Wehster and Clay as one of the
greatest statesmen our country has pro?
duced. 1 regard him as a brilliant
comet in the political sky as were Web?
ster and Clay in their time. 1 know
him to be hot only able and patriotic,
but absolutely sincere In nil his words
and actions. Ho is not a demagogue
as the groundlings and nimble bugs of
politics would have the people believe."
Mr. Bryan, himself. Is at his home In
Lincoln, Nebraska. Being asked by an
agent Of the Associated Press, after the
ratification of the treaty, if he thought
that ended the contest over the annexa?
tion bt the Philippines, lie replied:
"Not by any means. Whfle many
have thought that the tight should be
made against the treaty I have felt that
the real light is to be made for u res?
olution declaring the national policy.
The opposition to the treaty lias served
useful purpose and the opponents Of
the ratification made a gullunt light,
but there was never any chance of do
i iting ratification. Now that the trea?
ty is out of the way. it can be treated
: s a domestic question, and the line
can be drawn bei ween those who be?
lieved in forcible annexation and those
v. ho believe that the Filipinos should
he allowed to govern themselves. 1
have not lost faith In the doctrine of
self-government, and believe thai the
people will repudiate the Imperialistic
We have an elephant on our hands,
and an infuriated one. that cannot now
be expected to ITS us any service will-"
Ingly, that will always be on the alert
to do US an injury, and that can only
be kept in sullen subjection by armed
force, at great cost of blood and money.
The eyes of a great portion of the
United States tire just tit this time hc
Ing turned towards Norfolk. There arc
millions of dollars lying around idle and
only waiting investment. That largo
sums have come hero is evident, but
the cry Is 'more." So say we all of us.
Let US have the idle millions of the
Past and North that it may give em?
ployment t" the Idle, Increase the value
of the present holdings and make our
city the New York of the South.
Remember the poor, and do not forget
the birds. Feed and shelter both!
The recent brittle of Manila was
f lUght on our part by volunteer mili?
tia, and their conduct in that contest
! roves that there is not the slightest
tie d of u regular standing army. The
results speak tor themselves; but the
l witnesses on the spot nil testify that
our militia fought with the steadiness
of vet, tan regulars. If the evidence
afforded by this battle shall tend to
defeat the Hull Army Bill, It will not
be wholly productive of evil, nor quite
George Washington was horn on the
22d day of February (New Style), 1732,
so that be is now 10.7 years old in the
lea its of tic American people,?unless
re .nt event.'! have broken his great
heart and hurried him to a premature
grave of grief and shame. But let us
In i" that he still lives, despite the sor
i ma of these laJJxr. da vs. and that on
the 22d day of this present month he
may rise in glorious memory to pro?
nounce his benediction upon us and his
Father of our Country: turn not thy
face from us, but give us once more
thy paternal blessing, so that we may
bo encouraged to quit ourselves like
men In 1900 and prove ourselves worthy
This lias been n very severe and
vigorous winter In Virginia nnd all
. \ r the land. Even In Florida the
temperature has in en several degrees
hi low the freezing point,?threatening
disaster to Ihe orange crop und other
tropical fruits of that State, together
With its reputation as a winter resort.
' Instead Of that, it lias become a resort
of winter. Nor is it done yet. Febru?
ary has long ago routed the ground
bo-,' and cooked hlni up, with frost on
his whiskers. Central, Western nnd
Northern Virginia arc burled deep in
.? now, now averaging two feet deep,
With more to come. Large sections are
absolutely blockaded by snow, ice and
fr ist, with trees broken or bent across
the snow-filled roads, burdened with
ice and snow.
The cold here lias been unusual also;
but oven nt its worst, our climate has
stood out in warm nnd delightful con?
trast with that of other portions of the
State, and it is in no detraction of
these sections of the State (now weath
ct bound), but in sheer benevolence nnd
hospitality, that we WARMLY invite
their now torpid Inhabitants to winter
here next year and enjoy life, without
I ;u tic experiences or torrid slroccoes.
Of course, our natural forests must
take their chances as best they may in
tiio stern vicissitudes of nature. They
Ii,ust stand the brunt of storm, ice and
snow, or bow or fall before them. Put
why should the ornamental trees ami
shrubbery of a city or its parks be left
naked In unsupported self-defence
against the fierce assaults of winter.
The milder conditions that exist here
AS OTHERS SEE US.
at this season may not make It an ur?
gent matter that our trees anil other
ornamental plants In public places
should be protected or relieved by spe?
cial attention and effort nt any time;
but wo see that in Klrhmoml, Wash?
ington nnd elsewhere, in cities in Vir?
ginia and North of us, tho reeent
storms, snows and frosts have done
great damage to trees, &c . by bending
and breaking them by weight of ice and
snow, when they were in a frozen nnd
brittle state, by breaking off limbs, &c,
?when, in fact, a little labor well ap?
plied in time might have saved the
trees, plants, &C, Perhaps there are
preventive means that might save the
trees and plants from the accumula?
tion of snow and ice. At any rate, it
is a subject that should be Investigated,
Trees are well worth saving.
Dr. Kcyes and his wife (:i daughter of
Captain Ward, of the United states
Army) were asphyxiated in their bed
at a hotel by escaping gas, and both
discovered next morning to be dead.
How horrible Is this brief statement!
and till tlie more horrible It
is because we are told that
they went to bed late, very
happy, on their return from ;i gay ball
at which they had greatly enjoyed
themselves. The deaths are attributed
to accident, as Dr. Kcyes and his wife
were both familiar with gas.
Like fatalities, from the same cause
(gas), occur frequently, as proved by
the many mentioned in the press of the
land. Usually, the death of tho victim
or victims is ascribed to their ignor?
ance, and nobody Is to blame. Yet
there must be blame somewhere, when
in this enlightened and inventive age,
people are lighted, often without their
knowledge or consent, by a deadly pois?
onous gas. Is there no available and
efficient substitute that is not p lison
0US, or asphyxiating? Or is there no
means of depriving this lllumlnnnt of
its mortal qualities? Or is there no de?
vice to protect the slecpirig victim from
this murderous ami insidious element,
even if his ignorance has turned it loose
upon himself ."
EDITOR I V I. KMItAUtt -.
The worklngmen in the Kastern and
Middle States may be fooled on the
question of bimetallism, but they will
understand well enough w ho this large
standing army is intended for.
Spain failed to make a conqu =t of the
Filipinos in three hundred years. Un?
der the treaty of peace the United
States is pledged to pay her twenty
million doll.ns lor a quit Claim lo n
I perpetual war against the liberties of
I the Filipinos.
If President McKlnli y appoints a
Court of inquiry to Investigate the
truth of the (barge made by General
Miles that, the army has been fed upon
embalmed beef the court must consist
of army ofllcers and the truth will be
brought out. It looks as though Al?
gol' was getting deeper in t!u mho.
Reports from the battle at Manila
indicate tiiat the American loss was
about sixty-one killed, while the Ii '= Ol
the Filipinos is estimated at two thou?
sand. <?iir troops at Manila are volun?
teers. Remember that.
A government administered in the In?
terest of the money changi is and trusts
must not b-.- furnished with a large
standing army under any pretext w hat?
The ratification of the treaty of peace
formally closes the war with Spain.
Win Congress now authorise the Presi?
dent to wag ? war against the Filipinos
or will the President >i clarc tin- arm ??!
Filipinos t ? be rebels against the law?
ful authority of tin- United states, bas?
ing his authority to do so on the quit
claim title to sovereignty that Spain
transfers lo US?
OIMMO.VS OFT UK PKI.'.S.
COUNTING TIIK COST.
Harper's Weekly (Ind.)
~~lt is a signillcant feature of "the de?
bates going on in Congress over mili?
tary and naval bills, and over the reso?
lutions touching tin- Constitutional
power of the government to acquire t- r
rltory, that none of tin- advocates of
tho new policy can be Induced to dis?
cus! tho question of cost. They lllUHt
admit that it will bo considerable, If
they can be brought to make any ad?
mission whatever: but th y avoid the
subject as ir tin y f- ired it. and. doubt?
less, they are troubled by its possibili?
ties. The fact is Unit the new policy
will at least double taxation, and that,
if we are to persist in the government
of the Philippines and in attempting t i
meet < very question of International
polities that will arise out of our pos?
session of them. Federal taxation for
necessary current expenses, excluding
tin- pension appropriations, will be at
least doubt whnl they were before the
Spanish war broko out. Then, too, we
shall, ns we have already suggested, a
great many International complications,
because w.- shall be. in tin- name at
least, a great power among the quar?
reling European powers. Add to ail
this the inevitable consequence of Con?
gressional Incoinpetency in military ."f
falrs, which will have the Executive
without tin- prop* r means for defending
the national honor arid the Integrity of
the national domain, und a state of af?
fairs can be imagined which will lead
to a revolt against tin1 party which
is responsible for it all.
The popular branch of the Legislature
of Missouri passed last Tuesday a res?
olution favoring tie- election of united
States Senators by direct vote of the
people. Resolutions to this same effect
have been passed in a number of State
legislative bodies, and other similar res?
olutions are now pending. Ii is not
very long since the National House of
Roprosi ntatlvcs, by a hu ge majority,
put the stamp of its approval upon a
proposed constitutional amendment to
It is probable that the action of the
Missouri Legislature was prompted In
Whole or in part by the disgraceful
events that an- at this moment taking
place, or have within a few days taken
place, at various State Capitols in con?
nection with Senatorial elections. We
cannot wonder that the respectable por?
tion of the public, regardless ?>f poli?
tics, is disgusted and angry. In Cali?
fornia; in Montana, in Pennsylvania, In
Delaware, to a less extent in Nebraska
and West Virginia, there have bei n de?
veloped scandals of one sort and an
other tills winter that cry aloud for
Perhaps election by the people is not
the bust remedy. Possibly it would not,
upon the whole, make mutters any bet?
ter at, all. The change is not wisely to
be made in haste, if made. Hut it be?
hooves believers In the present system
to bestir themselves, with a. view tu
putting an end, as far as possible, to
these bribery stenches ami to these in?
tolerable exhibitions of boss rule. Pub?
lic abuses may become so monstrous
that people In sheer desperation will
rather My to evils they know not of than
bear the Ills they have.
BRYAN ON SELF GOVERNMENT.
New York News (Dem.)
William J. Bryan Is a consistent
statesman, and, as such, he takes a
common-sense view of the present situ?
ation. "I have not lost faith," he says,
"in self government, and 1 believe the
people will rebuke the Imperialistic
spirit when the question is submitted
Colonel Bryan believed it was best to
ratify the treaty and put an actual
termination to the war with Spain, so
as to bring the problem of expansion
within the range of domestic consider?
ation. No man could have foreseen
what the vote of the Senate was to be
on the subject of ratifying the treaty,
but Colonel Bryan was among those
who believed It would be ratified, while
lie did not think such rat ideation would
Indicate the attitude of Senators to?
ward the broad question of Imperialism.
In both of these surmises lie has been
borne out by the facts. Whatever the
future may hold in store for Mr. Bryan
it is agree able to contemplate the fact
that his head is always cool and clear
In moments of great excitement.
no WOMEN WANT To VOTE?
Philadelphia Evening Telegraph.
It is a mistake to suppose that all In?
telligent women favor any further ex?
tension of the suffrage to their sex. on
the contrary, there is a. definite cam?
paign under way against such exten?
sion, a campaign wholly in the hands of
women who believe that suffrage In any
Wide scale will inure not at all to their
advantage, but to the breaking down
of barriers which are a wholesome and
proper safeguard to,the sex. This will
In' rather surprising Information i"
some people who have believed senti?
ment to be nil one way among women.
At one time it was so possibly, but It is
no longer so. An Important section of
this bettet- class have come to realize
the demoralizing consequences of po?
litical scrambling if indulged in by men
and women alike, and they decided to
draw out while there is yet time for the
granting of privilege inevitably means
the expectation of responsibility. Not
Immediately, perhaps, but insidiously,
and < rtainly as an extended result of
a new social system.
TYRANNY OP PROTECTION.
[Voungstown (Q.) Vlndlvator.]
The exercise of every tyranny.
Whether in government, in art or sump?
tuary legislation, leads to revolution.
Protection is a tyranny exercised by
tie- flock masters through political
chicanery to place consumers of woolen
go,m|s' under tribute to themselves.
The great public refused to be taxed
and turned t<> wearing cotton, ami a
revolution has 1 ecu wrought out in
manufacturing that is likely to reshll
in permanent injury to the "sheep In?
Protection, exercised a tyranny,
has placed COtton ill the line of staples
with whe.it. if with tin- c< r til. men
are fed. with the fibre of coll m men
ore clothed. Artisans to-day are pro?
ducing from the looms fabrics such as
nevi r before were worn by men or
wom? Ii. nor have they ever been more
In th.. line of wearing fabrics, thanks
to the impetus given American genius,
energy nnd skill, through the exercise j
of tin- tyranny <.r protection, mnnufac- ,
tur is are furnishing consumers eoit.m
goods not surpassed by woolens for '
warmth nor silk In lustre, at prices in
range with wage reduction.
The tyranny of protection lias again
enthroned cotton as king in textile
weaves for American consumers. Great
Eastern stores are advertising cotton
made goods at prices ranging from a
few pennies per yard '.?> expensive silks;
and this is a revolution wrought by
avarice not content to Nourish under
the true law of supply and demand.
HOW Till-: DEBT INCREASED.
To what extent the interest-bearing
debt of the United States has in?
creased in recent years may be judged
from the fact that on March 1. 1893,
?.hi- outstanding in tores t- bea rhi r debt
was Sfi8C.034.2C0. On the 1st ..f Feb?
ruary; 1899, it was $1,040,209,426, or an
Increase in six years of $155,170,000,
i if the total Interest-bearing debt
$100,000,000 are .". per c< ills, olid $162,
315,400 are 1 per cents., Isstu 1 by Presi?
dent Cleveland to maintain th" gold
standard, and $22.214.171.1240 nr.- :! per
cents., Issued by President McKinley
for the war on Spain. Th ? ?'? per cents,
are redeemable in 1904; the -I per cents,
in 1925; the 3 per cents, after August
Besides the interest-bearing debt
there is an additional debt of $3S5,410,
245 bearing no interest, consisting
equally of greenbacks and National
bank notes in process of $1,237,150 on
which Interest has ceased since matur?
ity, i Hir total debt is '$1,42S,6I9,C00,
Some consolation for the extent of
our burden Of National debt may be
bad by comparing it with that of
France nnd Englnnd. Franco n >w
owes some $.7,000.000.000. and is con?
tinually increasing this vast amount,
England now owes under $2,950,1.,000,
and is reducing the debt yearly. In
1816 In r debt was over $4.500,000,000, or
$2.'? per head of population, while at
present it is but $7? per betid. We pay
about half as much Interest yearly as
England <i ><
The monthly statement of the Treas?
ury Department shows that in January
the public debt ho reused $23,448,463;
ThCAcash In the Trea.sury decreased
during the sn. time $20,180.019; it
would appear, therefore, that the gov
crnment ?'ran behind" over $-13,000,000
Tin- official statement further shows
that for the seven months of the fiscal
year ending January ".l the expendi?
tures were $3S0,604,SO2, being $t?2.S67.9y.'
more than the receipts. At this rate
the increase of the public ebbt for the
year will be nearly $160,000,000. And we
ai?- yet only in the vestibule of Imper?
OYSTERS AND POLITICS.
! Richmond Dispatch. |
The Capo Charles Light says that
while the present law of the State oon
ci rhlng the BOard of Fisheries is not
perfect, it has accomplished more for
Tldi wao-r Virginia "than all previous1
legislation for Che past twenty years,
and that the revenues from our oyster
industries have become larger than
? veil the most sanguine had dreamed
of. anil this. too. Without imposing any
great hardship on those engaged in the
There are Virginians who think the
oyster industry could be made to po?r
hundreds of thousands of dollars into
the State Treasury. These the present
law does not satisfy. They have ex?
pectations Hint will not down, yet are
destined never to be realized. Hut In?
asmuch as the law now onuses the oys?
ter-grounds of Virginia to yield her ai
neat not revenue, und because of tho
general belief that these revenues will
gradually increase, we think the Leg?
islature will be little disposed to reopen
the question.*' Hut should tho main
question be reopened at all, we feel
pretty sure the majority of members
would favor a policy looking to the
state's getting more money than it now.
does from her oyster property.
It appears to us to be better for nil
Interested that the present law should
bo allowed to stand. Some amend?
ments may be Imperatively necessary:
but. it" so, we trust they will be such
as can be easily understood. So far as
tho foundation Btones of the law aro
concerned, wo doubt if the Legislature
will ever choose better ones. Likewise,
we doubt it n not her law could be passed
which would be more acceptable to
So wo are of the opinion that the
question would better not be reopened;
but if bur oyster-country friends will
have It reopened, they will lind plenty
.of up-country men ready to aid them
to that extent!
First the spe?
cial yi- oil- Suit
Sale sent tiie
dow n to almost
n o t h i n g?and
now the mercury
Your greatest need of any
Overcoat is met with our
greatest sacrifices. Give you
a chance to choose from hun?
dreds of our line high-class
Coals?cut to close them out
before stock-taking time.
You'll tin'! some for $3 75
tlv.it were $7-50?for .s;.oo
that were $10?for .S/AO that
were $15 -for $10.00 that
were ,S2o?for $12.50 that
Ulsters? Plenty ol" cm?
the longest?the wannest?
that can be made?$5 to $30.
They are more Saks values at
otV the usual prices.
234 MfllN STREET.
THE MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE
COMPANY or HEW YORK
RICHARD A McCURDY Prudent
Tor the year ending Dccembr 31 1898
According to the Standard of the insurance
Department <>i the Statt! of New Yoik.
Received for Premiums
1 roni nil other Sources
To Policy-holders ror < Inlmsby
To Policy-holders f"r Rudow*
meals, PIvlilKiiilK.etC. - - 11,485,75t SB
For all other accounts - -_ 10,403,371? 68
Pnltcil Sintis Itond? und ( liier ,,.?.,. ??
Securities - - - $160,080,141 08
I'irst t ier. Lean-, mi llonil niul
Ifarlgan. 08,603,580 90
Loans mi I'niiiis and other Kr
entitle*. 0,300,010 00
Real Kktatnappraised bj Insur?
ance Snnerlnfeiidents ?t
. -if. :.s'iii.s,: Rook Value 20,004,040 fit
rash in banks and 'lmst Com?
panics. 11,031,377 36
Accrued Interest, Net Deferred
.Premiums, etc. ? ? ?_0,434,05? 10
MADIf.l Ill s
Pulley Reserves, et?. -
('antlucent (iunrnutce Fund
I n mi ran ro and Annuities in
force .... $071,711,007 79
I have carefully examined the foregoing State,
men: nnd find the same to lie correct; liabilities
calculated by the Itisuran :e Department.
ClI.MlI.U9 A. PRULt.BR Alulitot
Prom the Dlvi itili Burplus a dividend will be
apportioned a: u. :. d.
rodert A. granmss Vi.-r.-PRESiCE.ST
WAI.Tl'R R, C.II.I.yTTK
I>;.\ac 1'. I.i.in ;>
PRRpKRIC C ROMWE1.L
O. F. BRtiSEE, General Agt.,
GARLA 7 PEED. IN CHARGE.