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VIRGINIAN - PILOT.
VIRGINLVN AND PILOT PUBLISHING
hORFOLK VIRGINIAN AND DAILY PILOT.
(Consolidated March, 1S08.)
Entered at the Postofflce at Norfolk,
,Va., as second-class matter.
(OFFICE: PILOT BUILDING,
t_. C1TV IIALL AVENUE,
OFFICERS: A. H. GR ANDY, President;
M. GLKNNAN. Vlce-Prcsldent: W. S.
WILKINSON. Treasurer; JAMES K. AL?
BOARD OK DIRECTORS: A. H.
Orandy M. Glennan, L. D. Starke. Jr..
r;,W. Shelton. K. W. Shultice. James E.
Allen. D. F. Donovan.
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Tho VIRGINIAN AND PILOT PUB?
THURSDAY. FEBRUARY "... IS 9.
Ivong before the all-devouring trusts
of the present day began to go about j
like roaring lions, Goethe .submitted ;
some very acute, practical and sug?
gestive reflections on the difficulties ol
combined enterprise. The harmonious
co-operation of different men, with dif?
fering views, capacities, interests, char,
acters, and other discordances might
be effected for awhile; but dissensions
?would be sure to develop as the enl
prise progressed. Somebody would j
want to direct and master all, becausi
of his capital, age, or experience; an?
other would demand control of this
branch or department; and so on; and
nil the others would soon discover or
(worse) suspect that every 'Other who
had the opportunity to do so was tak?
ing advantage of it, in some way, lo
his advancement, prom, or benefit, and
using the combine or trust as his own
machine or beast. Or this one, or that,
would see how 111 operations were . in?
ducted with so many heads and hands,
when with one man (iiis) In sole direc?
tion, the greatest success could lie
achieved?all to his honor, power and
The advantages of one direction In
any undertaking are set forth. The ( \
perience; skill and Interest of one man. ,
?with absolute ownership and control,:
tends to improve the business in all
Its parts; while competition has no
competitor In making trade active, fair
and free?self-interest proving an effi?
cient check to unprofitable and Inju- i
trious ventures, as a rule. The personal
supervision is more acute, vigilant, un?
ceasing and p: udent than any corporate
rule can be; and although the powci
of aggregated capital Is fully und, r
Utood, it is a power for evil, as well
ns good, except where the business Is
one that demands large means in Its
legitimate prosecution. In this division
and multiplication of business, m ire
men are employed as proprietors, there
is more convenience for the public, in?
dividual thrift, skill and enterprise nrc
developed, and there is no BCnse of
suppression or extortion as where large
trusts or combines dominate any pro?
duction, dealing or venture. All are
free. One has choice in what line of
life he may pursue; the seller of ma?
terials or finished products, or labor,
is not restricted to one source of oilers,
and the buyer of any commodity can
seek here and there until he Is best
suited in tho quality and price of the
commodity lie desires. Nobody has
i-auaa io complain. There is no mo?
nopoly; no restriction; all is free, and
everybody Is content.
Suppose a milk trust. With its means
It engrosses not only the whole busl. ,
Ii ess, but all cows. Nobody ear, keep
a cow in town. Ordlrnnces and lawn
that profess great solicitude for the
publlo cleanliness and health are pass?
ed in hot zeul and enforced with vigor.
Cows can only be kept under certain j
conditions and that are perfectly!
healthy; and lo! it appears that the
milk-trust alone can comply with the
condition or can pass Inspection!
You can't have your own cow, nor
your own milk; nor can you choose j
among dealers who shall supply you;
you must take the trust milk, or go
without; you must take it. too, ,.;i oust
as to Its quality, and they tlx the price j
on you, without appeal to any com?
petitor. The situation Is delightful to
the, trust; but how With everybody I
eise? It Is absolute servitude, with all
Its aggravations and humiliations
crowned by making all pay a strong
price for very weak milk.
France furnishes a line example or
the prosperity of a thickly populated
community in which there is the great?
est diversity of occupations, with every
industry (from herding and farming,
to mining ami manufacturing) parcel?
led out to the furthest practicable di?
vision. In Paris, every attic, in some
quarters of the city, Is tilled with Indl- !
vldual and independent manufacturers;
and artisans, Unding his own material,
finishing his articles and supplying
them directly to dealers, wholesale and j
retail. Men and women and children ,
make those attics busy and cheerful
hives of Industry; and In the country
it is the same; small holdings being
the rule, with subdivisions of land and
Stock at which our poorest people
would laugh In contempt.
Yet it is agreed that France has
withstood more misfortunes than any
other nation, with the least real harm
to her permanent wealth, prosperity
and happiness; that, Indeed, any Othi r
nation would have gone to pieces under
such a multiplication of calamities;
and it is agreed that her salvation was
and Is In her minute sub-divisions of
all kinds of enterprise ami Industry.?
her peasantry meeting the Uerman de?
mand for war-indemnity with more
case and promptitude than the mil?
lionaires of other countries could have
Kot that France has not her great j
corporations and large combines also.
They arc necessary in some cases; they
are useful in others; but there they
should stop. \Ve who protest against
their monopoly of everything, even of
lite most common of vocations, trades
and business; against their gobbling up
the minor industries of life, and mak?
ing all men subservient to them, in
What they shall do, what they shall
pay. ami what they shall be paid,? We
fully recognize the benefits of capital,
as well as its abuses; we understand
tl.e necessity and good of combined ef?
fort, as well as to cruel and insolent
oppressions and extortions; and all we
desire Is to protect free labor, free
trade, free competition and the free
operation of demand and supply from
a domineering monster, too formidable
to be let loose In any society.
A trust, properly understood and op?
erated, Is as ancient as human society
ami laws. Corporations and aggre?
gated capital are as old as the hills.
Nobody objects to their Just and legiti?
mate parts in the progress of mankind.
Tho protest Is against the new. dan?
gerous and injurious operations they
are bent on,?as a tyrant that has just
discovered or organized his power, and
is ruthlessly exercising It. It is a
wicked and silly falsehood to say that
the opposition to trusts is animosity
against corporations and wealth. It
only desires to keep them In their
place; and there all men will welcome
them. Hut their usurpations, tyran?
nies, oppressions, abuses and prostitu?
tions no community can stand and no
Intelligent community will tolerate.
A GLANCE BACKWARD.
It is within the memory of men and
women still living when the large farm
or plantation In Virginia, North Caro?
lina, South Carolina, Georgia and other
States, contained within itself nearly
everything necessary to its Indenend
cut self-support and exlstance, together
with many comforts and luxuries. One
of these familiar to the writer's boy?
hood, and upon which he passed many
a happy summer, will illustrate the sys
t, in as it prevailed mi the larger plan*,
tatlons and better class of farms. It
was located upon a river and embraced
several thousands W acres of line forest
ami fertile arable lands, highland and
lowland. Unon it resided the proprie?
tor, his overseer anil their families, be?
sides it large body of colored people
slaves. "The house." as the family
mansion w. s called, was the only resi?
dence on the place of any pretensions;
all but tin- proprietor and overseer liv?
ing in pl.ain frame or log cabins, rough,
small and common, but comfortable.
The overseer occupied "the old house,"
in which the ancestors of the proprie?
tor had lived, until a better and hand?
somer dwelling had been erected.
On the river were the mills, combin?
ing a Ilourlng-mill for wheat, a grist?
mill, for corn, and a sawmill, for lum?
ber. Across the river. Just above the
mills, was a covered toll-bridge, owned
by the planter; ami not far from tho
hither end of this bridge were a store?
house (where a variety of goods were
kept on sab ?, several warehouses. :t
shoe-shop, a cooper-shop (to make bar?
rels for Hour, &c), a blacksmith shop,
several loom houses (for weaving,
carding and spinning), and In a field
back of the store-house was a tannery
and bnrk-mlll, where finished leather
was prepared for the shoe-makers.
There were several large barns, con?
veniently disposed; and in one id' these.
11 rmnni nlly fixed, was a complete ami
Improved threshing machine, for wheat
and other grain. There were also a cot?
ton-gin and a press for baling,?though
latterly Ihc cotton-crop, as well ns the
hemp and wool crops, were restricted
chlelly l" use on the place, and little
sient to market, except linseed.
In coi n, 'lion with this place there
were gold mines, wltli a. crushlng-inlll,
&c, and steatite, or soapstone mines,
witli a mill to grind the stone to a fine
powder, which was barreled and ship?
ped North for several purposes. There
was ample provision of horses, mules,
COWS, sheep, hogs and housing for them,
with all necessary wagons and other
vehicles. Everything necessary for food
and clothing. &C., was produced on the
place, and the clothing of farm hands.
cotton, hemp and wool, was corded,
spun, woven, cut and made by the ser?
vants- (mostly women),?with an occa?
sional man-tdllor?crippled and de?
formed male-slaves being generally
made tailors, shoe-makers, &c. All the
actual .necessaries procured elsewhere
were salt, Iron, Btecl, sugar, coffee,
tea,?although many things besides
were kept in "the store." The tanners,
millers, .blacksmiths, shoe-makers,
coopers, wagon-makers, &c., &c., were
all slaves, except where a white over?
seer was employed, or a special expert
was engaged for a time to boss certain
Some of the industries were prosecut?
ed only for limited periods.?as the
shoe-making atid tailoring; but others
were in constant everclse,?as cardnlg,
spinning. Weaving, blacksmlthlng, mill?
ing, &c. Kvcii plows and other imple?
ments were made on this place in some
quantity, and axes, if not made, were
re-steeled, or reset.
tin the whole, probably, the changer,
nro for the better but those were in?
deed, "good old times" on that and sim?
ilar plantations, even for the slaves.
There was plenty?plenty <>r work,
plenty of everything, and lots o' fun.
HONEST NOMINATIONS AND
No form of government, no constitu?
tions, no laws, no system of nomination
nor election, no plan of creating a gov?
ernment, or directing its administra?
tion, legislation or judiciary, can avail,
unless honest, brave and capable men
are in. supervision and direction of
every step, from first to last. Vice will
prevail and mlsgovernment rule, if evil
men bear sway. If good and true men
dec-line these stations of trust, they
must, perforce, bo tilled by bad and
false men; and the law should bo pos?
itive that only good and true men
should hold such places, nnd that
everyone, when selected and appoint?
ed, must serve, except In case of disa?
bility of some sort.
Tho truth is that party politics de?
generate because the better citizens
leave it to tho management of men '
who will stick at nothing to win; and
it Is rather more than a suspicion that
the "better citizens" wink at the man?
agement, and are glad to have an ex
i use of getting out of "dirty work."
The fact remains, however, that hon
esty in nominations and elections is the
essential thing; and that all things fail
where it does not overrule; and it can?
not have a show in Imming a candidate
or electing him to otllce, unless honest
men secure It. If honest men do not
push to the front for honesty, honesty
will "be loft."
What is it decides the victory? En?
ergy and pluck! Objurgate and de?
nounce as we may, the fools and knaves
whore co-operation makes our nomina?
tions and elections what they are, we
must give them'credit for their daring
courage and indefatigable vigor. Why
are honest and sensible men deficient
' In these qualities? Oh, they are to I
nice! They will not contend with trash!
Evil associations will corrupt good mor?
als'. Tho right and the truth will vin?
dicate themselves! Certainly; but,
meanwhile, pluck and cunning, with in?
dustry, are carrying tilings their way,
? much to the^discredit of their honest
and honorabie opponents. Success tells;
and even Washington had a motto that
(exitUS acta probat) at least hints that
results are the best proofs!
In an arena of contention and strug?
gle, it is a poor policy that leads to do
feat; and if common sense and honesty
cannot compete with cunning and ras?
cality they are justly discarded. Intel?
ligence and honesty, then, must shake
off their sluggishness, and rascal?
ity will be ready f'?r all deeds of dar
nig do. In the battle, or race, it is not
what we are. or tiling we are, that tells,
but what we do; and if the great ma?
jority of American citizens, irrespec?
tive of party and section, who are hon?
es: and intelligent, desire to have go:>d
government, instead of the Hanna
abomination ami imperial incubus now
I upon us, they must lie up and doing,
disdaining nothing right and true that
may drive out the knaves and finds, and
bring In men of sense, integrity and pa?
1 SLEEP AND LONGEVITY MAY PAY.
Tosla, the electrician, expresses the
I opinion that life is In proportion to
sleep that is. as a rule, other things be?
ing equal, the more a man sleeps, the
longer will lie live. This opinion 1ms
been advanced long ng<> by others, .*ind
it has even been suggested that a man
might be put in it somnolent or trance
condition at any time and bo roused a
century after In the same physical vigor
which he possessed when .he foil into
that condition. Some curious results
; have been worked out <>n these terms;
; but as a man loses in sleeo all he can
possibly gain in longevity, toe net gain
; to the average experimentalist in this
way is no* obvoiUs nor attractive.
j Still, there tire some cases where it
might be worth while to try tho theory,
especially it' pleasant dreams can lie
more cheaply insured than a happy
life. A Herman story, of some interest,
once told the tale of a person who thus
lived two continuous and separate
lives, one asleep and the other awake.
! and the former became so delightful,
j compared with his waking experience.
I that he longed to be always asleep,
I and was impatient for bed time to ar?
Besides cases of that kind, where
anything of consequence depended on a
life or liv<s. it might be well to put
the person, on v.hose life the matter
was suspended, In a long sleep or
trance, and thus elongate the lease,
tenure, or whatsoever was so contin?
It might be a bonanza to an Insur?
ance company to discover some process,
or drug, or other means, that would
safely tuit Its "lives" to sleet) and
pleasantly keep them eo Indefinitely. It
could undercut all rivals, and monopo?
lize the business with its liberal terms.
N'OTK.-The People's Fnr.tm being
freely open to all parties, classes, per?
sons, views and capacities, the Vir;
ginlun-Pilot Is responsible for none
of the statements nor opinions ex?
pressed therein, nor for the style In
which they are set forth. The ignorant
and uneducated shall bo beard hero
equally with the learned.
ON LAYING THK CORNER-STONE
t?P Till: CONFEDERATE MON?
UMENT IN NORFOLK, V A.
This monument wo rear
Commemorates not that which Is or!
P.ut what Is past?draw near.
Mere at thy gates, oh Norfolk, lcnocUs j
Inviolate, all potent, like to Him I
Who set its bounds; who tilled It to i
With wondrous beauty, awe-inspiring 1
In it is glassed His Image, day or night.
There is a sea which spans this world
Which shall be, but its borders who
Or set its bounds? Do! Death sits 1
Its portal; Life and Death alike must j
The In ro dies?brave deeds must ever
So long as Time keeps record of brave
Self-sacrifice, and all that makes a
Our steeping Southern soldier needs no
Ti) bias m Fame, as only heroes can.
Ills triumph in defeat, a dear emprise.
That made with teardrops wet the
Then, honor him, oh Norfolk: It Is
He sleeps?no bugle ringing o'er the
No long-roll wakes "him now?some
quiet d. ll
Ills tomb, or bosomed near some
He slecns a hero, after years well
Here to the world wc raise his monu?
God's blessing on him, may It fall on
Who live, his comrades in the deadly
War's thunder storm has passed;
thos ? w h > w ere foes
Are friends and brothers- Heaven be
Compass this fair country with Thy
And happiness till even Time shall
?HERBERT L. WORTH INGTON.
Sur km ,vm> upixiu.ns or i hi;
ALGER IN BOSTON.
(Louisville Courier Journal.)
The extraordinary reception given to '
the Secretary of War in Boston cannot
be Justified, of course; for If those who
jeel ed llllh had 1IO respect for the Ilia II
tin y should have had respect for his
oflice and for his position as a guest.
Nevertheless, the In '.dent is one that
Is instructive. It is very unusual for
j a. public man of high position to get
that sort of reception In Boston, and
he would not have received it had it
not have been for the fact that public !
feeling against lillil was very strong.
It Is known from other sources that the
feeling against the Secretary of War Is
very intense, because of the general
belief that he is Incompetent; that he
has a bad military and civil record;
that his administration of his office has
been of such a character as to Inflict
great and unnecessary suffering on
many soldiers, and that he Is now us?
ing his oflice for revenge upon officers
for telling the truth about him years
ago or about abuses recently.
The demonstrations against the Sec?
retary of War in Boston were not po?
lite and not excusable, but they were
manifestations of a feeling which a
majority of the American people en?
tertain for that official. A diligent
Study of public sentiment will, we
think, convince the President of this,
for he has not been wanting in the po?
litical sagacity which enables men to
judge of the currents of public senti
THE TRUSTS AND THE RANKS.
An exchange, speaking of the report
that the Standard i >'d Company has
captured a New York bank, says:
"Will n the trusts got a little stronger
they wlil doubtless create banks of
tli.ir own, and they may ultimately
drive the old line, genuine bankers out
of the business. Bui h a development
would be logical, aiui would make them
the supremo rulers in the <? immerclal
as well as the Industrial world."
If one thinks carefully he can see but
little more danger In a trust's owning
a bank than In an individual. The dan?
ger would come - ami it would be ap?
palling?when the trusts had cornered
coin and currency. Instead of com?
manding or I per cent, interest on
loans, as now, borrowers might he
forced to pay any rate the trust might
1 the v. ry life out of all business enter
| tin,- vi ry i.fe ?tu of all business enter
AT HIS OLD TRICKS.
While Great Britain is giving hearty
encouragi men! to schemes of American
conqui st and dominion in Asiatic wa?
ter.-, which of course will weaken our
power at home by diverting National
resources In time of emergency to far
distant seas, it is noteworthy that the
British propose to strengthen their
powi r in the West Indies, so as to cm*,
mand any intcr-oceanlc canal that may
b- ... d. eitli r by the Panama or
Jamaica, the most southern of the
British West Indus and in close
proximity to the two canal routes pro?
posed. Is to be converted from a mere
: inili;..ry and naval station Into a
j w. stei n Gibraltar.
I Jamal a's geographical position and
: Us d. fei ! v.- possibilities, It is alleged,
poinl to It as thi' key to stich a canal.
c\ in a- the stronghold of Gibraltar is
the key to tue Suez canal. This is said
i . be the truth about the present en
; inrgemi tit and additions to the formi?
cations of Jamaica.
As long as we are at peace with
Great Britain! this makes little differ?
ence, bat l. t the rude blast of war
open i be: ween th.' two countries and
Oi .r. Britain, with a second Gibraltar
at Jamaica, will have manifest advaii
i.'.;; s, especially in the command of
Hi,, intcr-oceanlc canal. The lovable
temper Just now shown by bath na?
tions may not endure for a long time.
It grows out of the fact that the United
States by taking up the white man's
burden In the Kar East has given
England assurance of a friendly nlli
anee In that part of the world, where
it happens friends and well-wishers are
SCHLET'S COMPLETE VINDICA?
It was not necessary for Admiral
Schley to answer the discreditable
charges of Admiral Sampson and Secre?
tary Long, and it is fairly certain that
he would not have dene so had not the
Naval Committee of the Senate asked
for it. The American people had al?
ready formed a judgment without the
assistance of the hero of Santiago, b >th
as to the truth if the charges and the
animus behind them. In Tact, there has
rarely been a controversy In which the
animus was so plain. The Navy De?
partment had taken up Sampson as an
"Admirable Crlchton." and it must be
confessed that he looked it, and might
have been a limited sort of Crlchton
had he remained on shore. He was,
d ?Ubtless, admirably fitted for shore
duty. A man can be a great naval
writer, for Instance, without being
much of a practical strategist or hero.
Sampson's mistake was going on the
water, or. rather, It was the mistake of
the department to send him there lo
do duty for which he was not lilted. A
skilful strategist without bias can an?
alyze the movements of Sampson's Beet I
from the time he took command until1
he surrendered it to Schley at Santiago,
and easily point nut a number of blun
tb is which a great commander like
Dewey or Schley would never have
made. He did not maintain the block?
ade of Havana as it should have been
d ire. and his attack nt San Juan was
such a ridiculous fiasco that it brought
humiliation and a feeling of resent?
ment which has not yet subsided.
Sampson ought to have gone after Cer
vera's fleet, Instead of coming home.
There lias always been too much pru?
dence in his movements lo suit Amer?
ican ideas, lie was too prudent in
front of Santiago. His fear of the bat?
teries led him to station his ship:: too
far out at sea, and but for Schley's
quick work some of the enemy's ships
might have escaped.
Are the Most Common Cause of
"Running Ears" in Children.
"Our little boy suffered for a long time
With a running ear. kernels In the throat,
high fever at night, could not sleep, and
was much ri dm i d In flesh. A short
course of treatment under Dr. Fiery
made a wonderful change :n his c ihdlllon
so that now he sleeps Well, eats heartily,
has no fevers, and his ears entirely well.
"M IIS M. 1>. CANN? IN,
"MAURICE CANN< IN,
??7?.a Church street."
Weak Eyes Are Often Due to Ca'arrh.
"Dr. Flrey's treatment entirely cured
me of a troublesome, persistent cough
and greatly strengthened my nervous
system. My eyes which were quite weak,
have Improved very much also.
"KERFOOT M IRCHANT.
II A3 OFFirra No 1 AND 2 No t*U
MAIN STREET, OPPOSITE COMMER?
CIAL PLACE. NORFOLK, VA.
3 to 12,30 A, % I to 6 PJL
SUNDAYS: 11 A. M. to 1 P. H.
[SPECIALTIES: CATARRH AND ALL
DISEASES OF THE EYE. EAR. NOSE,
THO AT AND STOMACH.
Consultation Always Free'.
Medicines Free to Patients!
Terms Verv Moderate.
Specialty Store g
?A SHOWING OF?
$10,00, $12.50, ?15,00
$20.00 and $25.00
M 34 Granby St., Columbia Euildin*. F
Frey & Armstrong
Dry Flab Weed a specialty. 53.00 :.
i cord; $1.50 half-cord, and T.",j a quarter
oord. Hard and Pine Wood. J?.00 a cord.
Measure guaranteed. Yard and Office
No. 1 Walke Street. New Phone C07.
in buying Furniture, Car?
pets, Stoves, &c, consists
in getting the best as well
as paying a small price.
By dealing with
Joe. B. Loughran
you are sure of getting
the best at the lowest
of every description. We
furnish your house from
top to bottom in the latest
the most complete line in
the city; the quality the
best, (he price lowest,
and includes making, lay?
ing and lining.
Our line of Heaters and
Cook Stoves are always
up-to-date; guaranteed to
give perfect satisfaction.
CASH OR CREDIT.
319 and 321 Church Street.
JOHN 0. GflMflGE
Sewer and Weil Pipe
Shingles, Flooring Etc
J. W. GAM AG IS. W. X. WALLER,
6P?E k I8LLE8,
Headquarter for Foreign
CsiTip-pj, Lie, Piaster, Bricks,
Sewer and Chimney Pipe, Laths,
Shingles, &c Oilice and warehouse!
12 to 18 PLUME ST
Near Ihs Bridge. NORFOLK, VA
In Hie market for L'me, Port
lam! or American Cement Plas?
ter. Hair, Chimney Pipe Piro
Rrl :k, Lilh or Shingles. See us
hcf >ro you buy. Wo are solo
agents for Acme Cement Plas?
ter New No. 145 Water stroot.
BATCHELDER & COLLINS
Cooke, Clark & Co.,
Sash, Doors and Blinds
TILES AND GRATBS'
BUH DERS' HARDWARE,
PAINTS, OILS AND GLASS.
84 Commercial Place and
87 Roanoke Avenue
!*ox river Prints.25c.
Hist Quality Elgin .25c.
Good Hotter .2*to.
Cooking Hatter .12Uo.
Fine New Mackerel . f?c
Best Baltimore, Hi.:).- .10c
ii und package Pennsylvania Buck?
7 i' .:.vi Mountain Buckwheat .~<c.
All goods fresh and at the lowest
VIRGINIA GROCERY G0.f
D. PBNDER, MANAGER.
Both Phones 162. 63 New Market Square.