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LATEST NEWS OF THE) WORLD BY TELEGRAPH AND CABLE.] co~DON
Bodies of Several Hundred Heroes
Committed to Earth,
BURIED IN ARLINGTON
Lnit Tribute of Honor und Respect
1'nUI <<> (be Itcmrtliis or OOlcera
nail Men Who Odto Tbolr Mvo?
on DMmii Untile Fields for Ilielr
Country lll^b IMicitltnrle? In AI -
(By Telegraph to Vlrglnlan-Pllot.)
"Washington, April 6.?With full hon?
ors of war, upon the crest of the South?
ern slope of Arlington cemetery thi
afternoon, tho nation, represented by
President McKinley, his Cabinet, and
other high dignitaries of the Govern?
ment, the commanding general o? the
army nnd other distinguished officers,
all the regular nnd militia organiza?
tions of the "District, and a vast con?
course of 15,000 people, paid the last
tribute of honor and respect to the
bodies of 336 olllccrs nnd men who gave
their lives on distant battlefields for
their country during the Spanish-Amer?
ican war, and who were to-day muster?
ed Into tho silent army that sleeps In
the last blVOUUO of the brave. The spot
jKlc1 ted is In the new addition to the
ci metery looking out upon the broad
BWcepIng Potomac. In this burial lot,
which covered two acres in extent, in
parallel rows, the wooden boxes con
taii Ing the caskets were ranged sep?
arated by great mounds of earth. Over
each box an American Hag was draped.
There was no particular order in the
disposition of the remains though an
exception was made In the case of tho
officers, The boxes containing the bod?
ies ?>if Captain Edgar Hubert, of the
Eighth United States Infantry; Lieu?
tenant L. I. Barnett, Ninth United
States Infantry; Lieutenant William
Wood, Twelfth United States Infantry:
Lieutenant Ft. S. Tinman, Sixth United
Slab s Infantry, and Lieutenant Fran?
cis Clclghton, United States Volunteer
Signal Corps, were placed at the bead
of the lino of graves immediately un?
der the eye of the Presidential party.
( Of tho others fully 70 per cent, are
Identified. About 30 per cent, are wholly
unknown or known only by the regi?
ment to which they belonged, A plat?
form had been erected, enclosed with
llajts and draped In mourning to accom?
modate the distinguished personages in
case of Inclement weather, but the day
was an Ideal one, and the platform was
practically unoccupied. Long before
the arrival of the military thousands of
people bad surrounded the enclosure
where the dead soldiers lay.
At 2:30 the Presidential party, which
bad been caught In a Jam at tho Poto?
mac bridge from which it required a
dozen mounted police to extricate them,
reached the enclosure. They were fol?
lowed by General Miles and his staff,
the military attabhes of the British and
German embassies, all mounted and
the military escort. As they arrived
the solemn strains of the Dead March
In Saul silenced the vast assemblage,
and with heads bared the crowd stood
at the grave side while the Preslden
tint party advanced and the military
dispositions were made. The military
was under the command of Col. Fran?
cis L. Guenther, and consisted of the
District of Columbia National Guard,
the Light Battery with two Hotchkiss
guns, a battalion of naval militia and
the regular troops from the arsenal at
T.ie troops were formed upon three
sides of a rectangle and files of soldiers
were marched Into the ranks of the
dead. Flanking the open space at the
head of the graves were the red coated
artillerymen, who were to fire the last
salute, and on the left was stationed the
Fourth Artillery Band.
A PATRIOTIC INCIDENT.
The President, accompanied bv Sec?
retary Gage, Secretary Long, Postmas?
ter General Smith, Secretaries Hay,
Hitchcock and Wilson, Assistant Sec?
retary Taylor, General Corbln, General
John M. Wilson and Colonel Ringham,
came forward with uncovered head nnd
took his place In the open space facing
the graves. He was followed by Gene?
ral Miles and his staff in full uniform
nnd other distinguished guests, includ?
ing some of the representatives of for?
eign countries. Just na the President
arrived a pathetic Incident occurred,
when aged Mr. nnd Mrs. O'Dowd
pressed through tbe lines nnd placed a
bunch of roses on tho casket of their
son. John O'Dowd, of the Seventh In?
fantry. The parents of Lieutenant
Wood also came forward and deposited
a beautiful wreath of flowers and the
sword of that gallant officer upon his
casket- Immediately the band broke
out in tho sweet strains of "Nearer, My
God, to Thee." and Post Chaplain C.
W. Freeland, of Fort Monroe, in the
ecclesiastical robes of his office, with
Rev. Father McGee, of St. Patrick's
Church, followed, by three purple
gowned acolytesT advanced to the
graves and tbe funeral services began.
They were very simple, but very Im?
THE COMMITTAL SERVICE.
Rev. Freeland read the military
committal service of the Episcopal
Church, beginning with "Man that is
borne of woman," and concluding with
the promise of heaven contained In the
words, "I am the resurrection and the
life:" and as he pronounced the words
"dust to dust, earth to earth," the sol?
diers at the eide of eacn grave- crum?
bled a clod of earth upon each casket.
The vast concourse bared their heads
to the solemn words and scene, and
thousands Joined In the Lord's proyer.
Rev. Father McGee then consecrated
&Hh the churchly power Invested la
him-the earth Into which toe bodies of
the Catholic soldiers were placed. \
Meantime, from Fort Myer, booming
down the wind, came the dull crack'
of a gun every half hour, and the na?
tional ensigns on the staffs there and
at the Lee Mansion were run down to
half maul. As soon as the religious
services had been concluded Hanking
detachments of the Fourth and Fifth
artillery fired three car-smashing, soul
upllftlng volleys, and in the solemn
hush that followed the salute the bugle
Hounded "taps." The last religious and
military rites to the dead heroes were
over, and the Presidential party and
the military departed, leaving the work
of actual Interment to follow. As each
of tho casketH weigh almost 500 pounds
and requires eight men to handle it.
It will be two or three days before all
the bodies are in their graves.
FLAGS HALF MASTED.
In order to permit all to attend the
services this afternoon ffie depart?
ments and the Federal courts were
closed by an executive order of the
Prrsident, and all the flags In the city
were half masted.
ATTITUDE OF GOMEZ.
WILL SOLIDIFY CUBAN PEOPLE
INTO A PARTY.
(By Telegraph to Virginian "?llot.)
Havana, April C?The Cuban Military
Assembly being dead, General Maximo
Gomez will take up his program of
solidifying the Cuban people Into a
party that shall, without ceasing, urge
the United States to withdraw from the
General Gomez considers-the dissolute
lion of the Assembly as his personal
achievement, aided by the military ad?
ministration here and countenanced at
Washington. He believes that he
emerges from the controversy with the
Assembly stronger than ever with Hie?
bet ter classes.
AMERICA'S FUTURE COURSE.
Yesterday the Cuban General Pedro
Diaz, who commands In the province of
Plnar del Rio, invited several generals
and brigade commanders who are
friendly to Gomez to a conference re?
garding the lattcr's future course. As
many who were invited were at some
distance from Havana and could not ar?
rive hero in time for the meeting, there
were only n few present; but the possi?
bility of reinstating Gomez as com
mander-ln-chlef was Informally dis?
cussed, with the result that little or
no opposition to the proposal develop?
ed. In order to got a mono general ex?
pression of opinion It was decided to de?
fer the formal meeting until to-morrow
morning. No other candidate Is possible,
and, if such action is attempted, It will
undoubtedly be carried through.
General Gomez, if reinstated, would
he of greater service to the United
States In tho disbursement of the
$3,000,000, but his political program
means the keeping up of agitation and
disturbance In the minds of the people
and the weakening of American author?
ity by producing the Impression that
everything done "by the Americans Is
temporary and may sooner or later be
American observers consider any such
agitation as extremely harmful to the
industrial revival and the restoration
of Cuban credit. Some who are high In
authority and who have exceptional op?
portunities of knowing the character
and ideas of Gomez, think the United
States government may have trouble
wl?i him yet. His attitude has always
beeii consistent regarding independence
for Cuba, and he la still working for
the same end. His character Is nar?
row, resolute, arbitrary, exacting and
likely to make him a constant dlsturb
The National Cuban party and the
I.Icq Pntrioticn._enntlmio their caiM
palgns for the formation of the party of
Cuban independence. Efforts are now
being made to effect a consolidation of
the two movements.
The probability is that a union will
soon be effected and that both organi?
zations will then proceed upon the sanlO
A leper was discovered to-day selling
meat in the town market- He was sent
to the leper hospital.
All the official flags were half masted
to-day at the hour of the interment in
Arlington Cemetery of the 336 soldiers
who gave their lives for their country
in Cuba or Porto Rico during the WLf*
Month Carolina Lynch mir Cnaen
(By Telegraph to Virginian-Pilot.)
Charleston, 3. C, April 6.?The case
against the alleged Lake City lynchers,
which was to have been taken up in
the United States Circuit Court here
to-day, was not given out to the grand
jury, the panel not being complete. It
will go to the jury to-morrow. The
attorneys for the defence gave notice
that they would call seventy-three wit?
nesses in behalf of their clients. ThiB
makes 153 witnesses that have been
fcontli Pi"? Channel Improved.
(By Telegraph to Virginian-Pilot.)
Washington, April 6.?General Wil?
son, chief of engineers, to-day received
a telegram from Major Quinn, Corpa of
Engineers, in charge of Government
works on the Mississippi, In the vicin?
ity of New Orleans, saying that the
South Pass channel has been greatly
Improved, and that the ships which
had been detained are now going out
to sea. He adde, however, that the Rio
Jano (probably Rio Janeiro) is still
aground, but further down the chan?
Mr. Bryan Will Allend.
(By Telegraph to Vlrglnian-Pilot.)
New York, April 6.?E. V. Brewster,
who Is managing the Chicago platform
Jefferson dinner to be given In this city,
received the following telegram from
William J. Bryan to-day:
Lincoln, Neb., April 0.
Eugene V. Brewster. Brooklyn, N. Y.:
Will attend dinner April 19th. All
speakers should bo supporters of Chi?
W. J. BRYAN.
THE PRESENT MILITARY OPERATIONS IN THE PHILIPPINES.
'l?teTl? ?nrorfreiit? have been cohgregaUng ot
wh.?hS.lv0ltlIk. the/llll,)lnM '?P^"1? " ?Wrmliheri Ii (ram a photograph, and shows how the Insurgents flsht
w?"lo^ ?fflCerS Wh? WOre PrISOncra aad
MOVEMENTS OF SHIPS
The Montgomery, Now Fitting Out
at Norfolk Yard.
Wilt Join the Wilmington, TV OTT on
Her Wnj TJp lb* Auinzon?The
Raleigh (o Go Porlmonlbt S?*t?
Hampshire? Detroit to Blnruelu
(By Telegraph to VIrginla-Pllot.)
Washington, April 6.?It Is said at
the Navy Department that there Is no
reason why any mystery should attach
to the movementsjff the cruiser Mont?
gomery now Utting out for a long cruise
at the Norfolk navy yard. One small
gunboat, the Wilmington, now on her
way up the Amazon, Is the sole repre?
sentative of the 'United States naval
force on the station, and It is deemed
prudent to supplement her with the
Montgomery, inasmuch as the flagship
of the station, the Chicago, will not ar?
rive there for at least four months.
THE RALEIGH'S DESTINATION.
While no positive decision has yet
been reached in the matter, Secretary
Long says that it is probable that the
Raleigh, now on her way home from
Manila, will be sent eventually to
Portsmouth, N. II., to undergo the ex?
tensive alterations being planned by
the Board of Naval Bureau Chiefs.
Representatives of the Norfolk navy
yard interests, led by ex-Kepresenta
tlve Bowden, have been earnestly press?
ing the Department to have the work
dene at that yard, and while this may
be ordered, the present disposition Is
toward Portsmouth, on the ground that
the Norfolk navy yard has now on hand
all tho work it can handle, while Ports?
mouth Is virtually idle. Some additions
to the steel working plant at Ports?
mouth, N. H., will be necessary if the
work is to be done there, and the result
may be that the yard will be modern?
ized from a wooden shipbuilding plant
Into a steel shipbuilding yard, capable
of undertaking at least work of the
second class on the smaller cruisers
and gunboats. A rough estimate of the
amount of money to be expended on
the alterations of the Raleigh places
the total at a quarter of a million dol?
THE CRUISER CINCINNATI.
The Board of Naval Bureau Chiefs
has completed the plans for the altera?
tion of the cruiser Cincinnati, and these
are of Interest because they are simi?
lar to the changes to be made In the
sister ship Raleigh. The greatest defect
In this type of ship developed In tho
narrow limits of the fire rooms, making
them almost unbearably hot In ordinary
weather, and entirely so in warm cli?
mates. To meet this difficulty It has
been determined to replace the six big
Scotch shell boilers with American sec
tlonal tubulous boilers. The result will
be to reduce the space needed for the
same amount of boiler power. 10.000
horse power In this case, to give some
additional coal capacity and make It
possible, by separating tho boilers, to
1 ventilate the fire rooms thoroughly and
thus reduce the temperature. It will
probably bo unnecessary to lengthen
the hulls as originally projected.
Washington. April 6.?The cruiser
Detroit, which Is now lying off La
Guayra, Venezuela, has been ordered
post haste to Bluefields, Nicaragua, for
the protection of American interests in
that, quarter. On the way she will touch
at Port Llmon. Costa Rica, where her
commander will put himself In com?
munication with the United States con?
sul at that point, and where he also
may receive further Instructions. She Is
also likely to moke a very brief stop at
Greytown. Her d'snatch under hurry
orders is at the request of the State De?
partment, to which American residents
both at Bluefields and in Costa Rica
have appealed for protection of Amer?
POLICY OF GENERAL TORRES.
The arbitrary and extortionate policy
adopted by General Torres, at Blue
flelds, who. on more than one occasion,
has made himself persona non grata
to this government and whose rest ra?
tion to nower at this time has been
followed by acts which American resi?
dents resent and protest against, is the
main cause of the vessel's dispatch. The
State Department at the same time has
cabled instructions to the United States
diplomatic representative at Bluefields
to lodge an energetic protest with the j
Nicarauguan government against the -
action of General Torres and a disre- i
gard of this protest will be followe I up
by a more positive step on the part of
this government.' In Costa Rica the'
American business interests and resl
dents arc in trouble as a result of an
Insurrectionary movement. It is under?
stood that the Insurgents are levy ng i
forced loans on them, besides collecting
exorbitant and double duties on im?
'troop* Order??! lo Mnnlla.
(By Telegraph to Virginian-Filot.)
Newport News. Va., April 6.?Major
Tlerney, commandant at Fort Monroe,
left for San Francisco to-day under or?
ders to proceed to Manila, where he
will he assigned to active Bervlce.
Several batteries of the Sixth Artil?
lery, it is anticipated, will to-morrow
received orders to join the forces In
In this event, it is generally accepted
that an adequate Complement of bat-"
teries to replace those sent abroad
will be drawn from the Fourth Artil?
Colonel Guenther will succeed Major
Tierney as commandant at the fort.
Delegate* to filnarmniuciit l'Auf>r?
(By Telegraph lo Y:rslnInn-Pllot.i
Washington, April 6.?The Secretary
of State has announced the construc?
tion of the United States delegation to
the disarmament congress, which will
j meet at The Hague In the latter part
I of May. The delegr.tlon consists of An-|
I drew White, United States Ambassador
at Berlin: Mr. Newell, United States
Minister to The Netherlands; President
I Seth Low, of the Columbia University,
I New York; Captain Crosier, Ordnance
Department. United States Army, and
Captain Air T. Mahan, United States
Navy, retired. Mr. Frederick Holls, a
lawyer of New York, will be secretary
of the delegation. 1
Called Upon to Exterminate Amer?
icans and Spaniards.
Iliolr lloiwlqunri era ?"?pinrotl. Town
Item roy ril, llilrly-Ilve unde Prl??
niters, ami Rebellion tluollwil
Respite in Hostilities*
(By Telegraph to Vlrglnlan-Pllot.)
Manila, April C?6:45 p. m.?Colonel
Smith, the Governor of the Island of
Negros, reports that a number of ban?
dits, headed by a man named Papais
sio. attempted a rebellion on March 27.
and killed several officials of Jumamay
lan. He also captured other officials
and issued a proclamation calling upon
the natives to rise and extsrm.nate the
Americans and Spaniards. Major Sime
and two companies of the California
Regiment were dispatched by water tc
the scene of the disturbance, and Colo?
nel Duboee and two other companies of
troops were sent overland. On April 2
this force marched twelve miles and
captured Labzid, the headquarters of
the bandits, and destroyed the town
The troops also captured thirty-five
prisoners ami scattered PapalSSlo's
forces, thus effectually quelling the re?
bellion at the outset.
RESPITE IN HOSTILITIES.
There has been a. week's recite In
the hostilities, chleily in order to allow
the Filipinos to digest the proclamation
of the United States commission.
The rebels remain remarkably quiet.
The shurpshooters of General Lawton'a
line have borrowed the Filipino tactics
and are harrasslng the rebels at n.ght,
picking off some of them nightly.
Malolos is resuming its natural as?
pect, business is going on, preparations
are being made to establish a perma?
nent camp for the troops there, and
the soldiers ure cleaning the city.
RECEIVING NEW RIFLES.
A third of the American force at Ma.
lolos Is sent nightly to form an ad?
vanced line a mile of the city, with
patrols and sentries ahead of the line.
General MaeArthur's volunteers are
receiving Krag-Jorgeiitien rilles. the
Filipinos having discovered that they
could effectively empty their Mauser
rifles and retreat before the Americans
approached near enough to use their
Springfield rifles with effect.
REVOLUTIONISTS ARE WEARY.
Advices received here from Samar,
an Island forming a province of the
Philippines, tiays the revolutionists
there are weary, their leader. General
Lukban, of Chinese ancestry, has de?
serted with the funds. The inhabitants
u.re desirous of American rule.
An Acrremrnt Ilonctird.
Berlin, April 6.?An agreement has
been reached between the three powers
(the United States. Greet Britain and
Germany) on two propositions, namely:
The appointment by each power of a
high official to investigate and regulate
the conditions prevailing at Samoa, and
the making of unanimity necessary in
all decsions of these high officials.
What He Knows About the Beef
Oettern! Mile* Score? n'lcrnl Innings
Drlor? the l oan of inquiry- Ar*
?Hour's Letter Proposing; to t7l?
I'owcll ProcM? For Preserving
Beel ? Mrmornudn or Contracts
musing From I'oviDiinarr Gener?
? I r.iu'1"'? Office.
(By Telegraph to Virginian-Pilot.)
?Washington, April 6.?In the Army
Beef Court of Inquiry to-day the letter
of Messrs. Armour & Co.. proposing to
use the Powell process for the preserva?
tion of beef was submitted as evidence
by Major Lee, acting for General Miles.
It was addressed to the commissary
general, dated at the firm's Washing?
ton offictrr-July 13, 1898, and read as
"As supplementary and explanatory
to our bid to supply dressed beef In
Cuba, we wish to say that we have the
exclusive control of the Powell process
for preserving fresh moats and that this
process has been tested at Tampa, Fla.,
the test having been completed with
most satisfactory results.
"This test was made under the su?
pervision of Colonel John Weston, of
your department, who has advised you
of the results. We are advised, how?
ever, that he received four carcasses of
beef which we sent him from Chicago,
duly refrigerated and treated according
to the Powell process.
'Pnrt of these carcasses were envel?
oped In sacks or canvass and part were
not. These carcasses were distributed to
the Third Cavalry, the Sixth Cavalry.
Batteries of Artillery, and the Medical
I Department, and were hung In the air .
on the 'ur^r-tleek of the transport
troopships; lying at the wharf in the
hot sun, without any benefit of the
fresh air of movement of the ships.
The pieces that were not wrapped fer?
mented In less than 72 hours, while the
pieces that were covered or wrapped,
kept about 100 hours.
"These practical tests made under ths
supervision of your own officer show
that by means of this process, wrapped
pieces of carcasses can be kept longer
than the 72 hours required by your
"We believe that we may safely say
such results have never before been
accomplished In the history of the fresh
most business. In view of the tests
which we have made in the past and
of the result of the tests made under
the supervision of your own officer,
we believe that we are absolutely safe
In the assertion that this is the only
process or method which will secure
the results required by your specifica?
"Very truly yourw.
"ARMOUR Ar COMPANY.
"Per T. J. CONN OB,
EFFECT OF THE MEAT.
The testimony began to-day with Dr.
L. Clifford Cox. assistant surgeon In
the volurteers of the District of Co?
lumbia He was at Tampa and In
Cuba, and testified that the command
was attacked with <diarrhoea to the
extent of an epidemic after eating re?
ft :p era tor beef at both places. After
the second attack of this character the
regimental surgeon had ordered that
Ihn Issue of the beet be stopped. This
was done, and the diarrhoea ceased.
THE LETTING OF CONTRACTS.
Mr. William A. deC?.lndry, who has
been chief clerk In the office of the
Commissary General of the War De?
partment for twenty years, related his
connection with the work of letting the
b f contracts. At the Instance of Gen?
eral Eagan he had first sent out 40 or
,v> telegrams to dealers in beef, asking
for bids to supply refrigerated beef or
for beef on the block. General Eagan
having supplied the form.
Mr. deCaindry had been Instructed
by General Eagan to prepare the orig?
inal draft of the contract for the beef
supply, and after some re-arranging,
submitted a draft, feeling confident
that It was complete. It was then that
men whom he understood to be repre?
sentatives of Swift and Company,
brought up the question as to the
length of time the beef should keep
after issue. Memorandum for changes
containing the 24 hour clause were
brought to him by Captain Davis. As?
sistant Commissary General. In one of
the revisions General Eagan had inter?
lined In his own handwriting a clause
referring to the time reading as fol?
"Which shall not be more than 78
hours from the time of storing the same
In such refrigerators.'.' This clause Mr.
I deCaindry said ho had not at the tlmo
understood, but he had no authority to
(Continued on Pago Eleven.)
OTHER TELEGRAPH PAGE 11
i CLASSIFICATION OF NEWS.
I Teiecraoh News?Paces t and II.
; Local News?faces 2, J, 5 a-d 0.
? Editorial?Pace 4.
Home Study Circle?Fage 4.
' Virginia News?Patres ~ and 8.
North Carolina N$ws ? P?se 9
Portsmouth News?Pages to and It.
j Berkley News?Pas? ii.
Markets?page l a,
Shipping Pace 12.
Real Estate?Pace 12.