Newspaper Page Text
THE NEWS OF NORFOLK ON PAGES TWO, THREE~AND FIVE
Kotes of Cases Recently Decided,
Which are of Interest to
DIGESTED BY W- B- MARTIN.
tExcluslvely for Vlrglnlan-Pllot.)
BROAD FOOT V. CITY OF FAYETTE
Supreme Court of North Carolina, .
April IS. ib'J'J.
WHERE THE CHARTER OF A CITY
IS REPEALED, AND A NEW ONE
GRANTED EMBRACING THE
SAME TERRITORY, TAXABLE
PROPERTY AND CORPORATORS,
THE PROPERTY OF THE OLD
CITY PASSING TO THE NEW ONE
WITHOUT CONSIDERATION, THE
NEW CORPORATION IS LIABLE
FOR THE DEBTS OF THE OLD
THE LEGISLATURE CANNOT
WITHDRAW OR LIMIT THE TAX?
ING POWER OF A CITY SO AS
TO IMPAIR THE OBLIGATION OF
ITS CONTRACTS. OR DESTROY
THE REMEDIES OF ITS CREDI?
TORS. UNLESS OTHER ADE?
QUATE REMEDIES ARE PRO?
THE LOSS OF THE RIGHT OF THE
CREDITOR TO SUE BY REASON
OF THE REPEAL OF THE CHAR?
TER OP A CITY SUSPENDS THE
OPERATION OF THE STATUTE
OF LIMITATIONS UNTIL ITS SUC?
CESSOR, ORGANIZED UNDER A
NEW CHARTER, TAKES BENE?
FITS PROM THE PROPERTY OF
THE OLD CORPORATION.
By :in act of tho Legislature of 1SS1
the charter of tho town of Faycttevllle
was surrendered nnd repealed. In 18S3
the Legislature made a taxing and po?
lice district of the territory which
comprised tin- old town. In 1S93 the
Legislature Incorporated the Inhabi?
tants of the same territory under the
name of the "City of Faycttevllle."
Tho alalntlff sued the old town upon
ccrtnln of Its coupons held by him,
but before he got judgment the char
. ter was repealed. The Judgments were
afterwards had, and this suit was
brought against the city of Fayctte?
vllle upon the said judgments and ci u
l>ons. The defendant alleges the judg?
ments to be void and that the city of
Faycttevllle Ih not the successor of the
old town nor liable for Its debts. It
ulso pleaded the Btatute of limitations.
There was a. judgment for the plaintiff
In the lower court and defendant ap?
Tho Court nays:
It Is of the first importance, then, to
consider whether the city of Fayctte?
vllle, the now corporal Ion, chartered by
the act of March, 1893, is s.> fur the
successor of the town of Fayettcville,
the old corporation, as to be liable for
Its debts. If this question is answered In
the affirmative, the statutes of limita?
tion set up In the answer as a defense
to the action will then have to be dis?
cussed and decided. This court at one
time adopted the old common-law rule
that, upon the civil death of a corpor?
ation, the grantors of Its real estate
took It by reversion, anil the debts due
to and from It were extinguished. Thin
rule was changed by the court in th>
case of Wilson v. Lenry, 12ft N. C, !>(i.
The debt, then, due m the plaintiff by
the town of Faycttevllle was not ex?
tinguished by the repeal of its charter,
and still exls's, notwithstanding that
repeal. Apparently, o"ch corporation
created by a separate charter is a dis?
tinct entity, and from this it may be
argued with plausibility that no two
successive corporations can be connect?
ed, unless they nrc connected by the
terms of the .act which crested them.
Rut that view must be often only ap?
parently true, if, in the ease of a mu?
nicipal corporation, the old charter
should be repealed and a new one
granted, and the new one should in?
clude the same territory^ substantially
tho same people, and (he grent mass
of the taxable property of the old cor?
poration, and the property of the old
corporation used for public purposes be
passed over to the possession and con?
trol of the new corporatln, without con?
sideration from the new corpornMon, It
would be fllfllctllt to appreciate how
the property nnd the benefits of the
old corpora'inn could be received by Ihe
new one. without the shouldering of Its
responsibilities by the new one. it must
he that the creditors of a defunct mu?
nicipal corporation, whose money nnd
property have helped to build up and
improve the wcnlth and Influence of
the old corporation (although they
must submit when a charier is abso?
lutely abolished, and while the old ter?
ritory and people remain unincorpora?
ted), have the right in equity to have
a new corporation, embracing the same
territory, and the same Inhabltntnts
and the same taxable property, c mstd
ered as the successor of the old, at
least so fnr as Its liabilities for the
debts of the old corporation are c :i
ccrned. 'When the old charter Is re?
pealed and a new one is granted, upon
which latter are bestowed by law nil
the benefits and property of the old.
the burden of the old must be borne
by the new. Where the benefits arc
tnken, the Imrtb ns are assumed.
In the case before us 12 y. nrs elapsed
between the repeal of the eh trter of tin
town ef Fayettevllle and the In ;orpon
tion of the city of Fr-.yettevlllc; but
we cannot see how that can alter tip
principle Involved In the case. Th
foundation on which th:- liability of th
new corporation rests is >hit the net*
corporation embraces tho same torrl
tory. the name corporators tl"> same
taxable property, nd has received th
property of t;-,e old Incorporation with?
out consideration: and for these bene?
fits it mi'st. In re'urn, bear the bur
dens of the old corporation. Tho lia?
bility in sti.-h -l commences from
the ra 'Clvlng ef the b-n-fits, and wheth?
er these benefits were received one 01
ten years, or more, from the repeal of
the old Charter, makes n.. difference.
But the defendant further contends
The pcllcy we adopted twenty-three
year* ago. when bringing. out our
O. O. Taylor Whiskies, of bottling only
pure and thoroughly matured goods has
ben cont'nually adhered to.
Whether times arc qood or bad, wheth?
er It is Spring. Summer, Pall ? r W nterr
one quality, and that the best, will b
what we bottle nnd offer In sealed bottle*
ONLY, With our firm name signature
over the cork and on each label of genu?
ine G. O. Tn lor WhPk'.es.
CHESTER H. GRAVES A- SONS
For ?nl? nt White Bros.. Norfolk, Va.,
Brown's IK tel. Portsmouth, Va,
WIL/LIA M C. WHITNEY.
,1?. Y?r? ,Ju,3J ,4-Thc r,rc on :he Wllllnm C. Whitney estate at Westbury, T.ong island, last nicht did not
destroy the country house, as was at llrsl reported, but burned one or the largest barns Plucky wrkto voinnhS!
firemen drove the flames back from the house nnd the damage to the structure was?mpa atl/ely smaU The tot?J
loss from the fire Is estimated at ?6,000 to $70.000, much of this being represented by BOm T twenty line horses in
eluding several of Mr. Whitney's racers, which were burned. 7 iwemj nne horses, in
that, even if it should be held by this
court ih>.t tho debts against the town of
Fayettovllle wen- not extinguished by
the repeal of the town charter and that
they arc valid ami good against the
city of Fayettevllle, yet the officials of
the new corporation ure not only not
authorised to levy taxes to pay those
debts, but are prohibited from doing so
by the very terms of the act of Incor?
poration, and that "the power of tax?
ation is legislative, and cannot be exer?
cised otherwise than under the author?
ity of the legislature."
Hut that the power of taxation which
is vested In the legislature is sUch a
power as the defendant conti nds for
cannot lie maintained. The power is
subject to the qualification which at?
tends all state legislation; that is. that
it muss not be excrclsi d to impair the
obligation of contracts, thereby con?
flicting with the constitution of the
United Slates nnd that Of North Caro?
If the time which clasped between the
repeal of the charter of the town of
Fayettevllle and tlv act of 1893 which
incorporated the cl.y of Fayettevllle,
and during which time the tcrirtory
was a taxing district, is to be counter*,
then the statute of limitations (ten
years) will be a bar to the action: if
that time is not. to be counted. Iben
the statute will not be a bar to the
action. We are of the opinion that the
time should not be counted. Affirmed.
CA PPS V. TKXAS & P. RY. CO.
Court of Appeal? of Texas,
April C, 1R09.
A RAILROAD COMPANY "Will C11
TAKES POSSESSION OF LAND
FOR ITS RIGHT OF WAY. AND
HOLDS IT FOR THE STATUTORY
PERIOD, ACQUIRES ONLY AN
EASEMENT. AND NOT THE FEE.
This action was brought for the title
and possession of a strip of land used
by the railroad company as a right of
way. The defendant pleaded the stat?
ute of limitation and donation from
plaintiff's ancestor. This ancestor had
verbally donated to the railroad com?
pany In 1ST2 the right of way and an
casement over Ihe land for the con?
struction nnd operation of a railroad.
The new company took possession in
1ST'.' and constructed i;s track and road?
bed. There was a judgment for de?
fendant ami plaintiffs appealed. The
The defendant having entered an 1
taken possession of the land, for the
purpose of constructing its Hne of rail?
way thereon, under n verbal gift of the
right of way by Methvrlc, and having I
maintained and operated its railroad
over the same for more than in year?, j
cannot be ousted by the plaintiffs from!
Its possession and ust of the land as a
right of way. Hu: !t did not acquire anl
absolute title to the land. It acquired
no greater right than Ihe easement, The'
.1 Igment should hive b"en In favor of
the plaintiffs for the I'tle to the land,
iibj to ihe use thereof by the de
fe (lain as a rirrht of way; and it will
he here reformed, and, being reformed,
Reformed anil affirmed.
tli-j Colored I'tnirdnii, I
There was a big colored excursion to|
Rivereide Park last nigh:. The Ex?
celsior band paraded Ihe streets before
starting for the park, and everything
colored that could wall; appeared to n?.
following them. The attendance "..as
large, but the rain dampened tho en?
thusiasm considerably anil they re?
Ti nnk Pound m - ir"?'i.
A trunk was found last night by Of?
ficer Williamson on Commerce street,
near Main, while walking with Sergeant
Stevens. The trunk is now at the station
awaiting a claimant. The trunk bore
an Adams Express Co. tag directed to
Wm. Harvet, Norfolk, Va., Berkley.
THE TRADE SITUATION.
NEW FEATURES ARE OF UNI?
FORM LY FAVORABLE
(Ry Telegraph to Virginian-Pilot.)
New York. July 14.?BradstreeL's to?
morrow will say:
New features in the general trade sit?
uation this week are of an almost un?
iformly favorable character. So rare,
indeed, are the disturbing nnd unset?
tling features as to necessitate consid?
erable search to locate them. Addition?
al statistics of past trade movements
received are certainly of an encourag?
ing nature, foremost among these being
exceptionally good railroad earnings
returns for June ami the first halt" of
the year and ascertained totals of an
enormous export trad". practically
equal to the prenorm nal business of the
preceding fiscal year. The record of
railroad receiverships for the first half
of the year bears a striking rosem
balnce to the list of business mortali?
ties, inasmuch as they are the smallest
in number reported since receiverships
first became prominent. Among cur?
rent news features might i> ? mentioned
the quite favorable July crop report of
the Agricultural- Department, which,
while confirming earlier advices of a
more moderate yield of winter wheat,
and therefore of a smaller average of
crop than rtnTt-guthored last year, ad?
mitted, however, to have been largely
under estimated, point to a large acre?
age in corn and conditions, .which, if
maintained, should easily result in a
crop in excess of 2..">OO.O00.OO'J bushels.
Late unfavorable reports from Russia
point to a <=till more pronounced dimi?
nution of crop yields in that country
this year. Official French crop esti?
mates also have been whittled down,
and the outlook seems to favor the
probability that Europe will buy nearly
as much wheat In America as it dal in
the last fiscal year, when, it might be
added, exports exceeded the totals of
the boom year 1S97-'DS. in Industrial
lines, the outlook is a promising one.
The settlement of the coal miners'
strike in 1'. nnsylvania nnd of the tin
plate workers' dispute bid fair to re?
sult in nearly 60,000 men resuming
work after mi' summer shut down. A
number of wage Increases are also
among the week's developments:. Iron
blast furnace report for July 1st points
to an unprecedented current wei kly
production, but available stocks of pig
lion are down to less than one week's
supply. From several centers of Indus?
trial activity come reports of scarcity of
lab >r. militating against even more
pronounced activity. Iron nnd steel,
while reflecting the summer quletn ss
to sonic frtent In the Hast, are quite
ncHve In demand ::t ihe Wi .?:. ai d g imc
heavy sis nte reported from Chic-go.
with further price a fvpnees In structu
rnl mn ?? - I. Br-nm, ? . ,? y is now
slightly mere tbhn double vvhaf It wn?<
? . car a -o. Rep r :? are em 'hi thai
?'?'al nrr ? emeu - for i. > k'rg of n
larre qua! -ity of foreign business has
The i rice situation is naturally n
s:ro7ig one. wheat ami coffee alone of
all the prominent stand - being lower
..n the week and the former only frac?
tionally ?o. owing to l rve reo dpts a:
the Wesl nrd to the t heck to .v., :; d< -
mand mused by reaction Horn the
price reached s<urio fine ago.
Wheat, Including flour, shipments frii
the week nt'eregaPv 3.263.S1S bushels
??trains: ???.':?*.<? 72 hush-is lasl w ? i:
SHAKE HSTO YOUR SHOr-S
Allen's Foot-Rase, a powder ror the
feet. It cures painful, swollen smarth
nervous feet and Instantly lakes the :u
out of corns and bunions It's the grc.t
i>?t comfort (?scovery of the .ig?-. Allen',
Koot-Fnse makes tight or new shoes fei
easy. It s a certain cure for sweating
callous and hot. tired aching feet. Trj
It to-ilay. Sold by all druggists and
stores. By mall for 25c. in Stamps, 'I rl ?
package free Artdre-s, ALLEN S. OL.V
BILD, Le Roy. N. Y.
2,910,S27 In tho corresponding werk of
ivs; 1,622,092 bushela In lb'J7, 2,963,949 in
lSffi and 1,652,892 in 1S93.
Since .Inly 1st, tills season, tho ex?
ports of wheat aggregate 7,011?,7S7 bush?
els, against 5,639,469 bushels last year
ami 4,024,693 bushels In lS97-'98.
Corn exports for the week aggregate
I.f),")3.7:5fi bushels, against -t.097.ni bushels
last week. 2,822,8 is bushels In this week
a year ago, 2,723,510 bushels In 1SP7. 1.
110,371 bushels in 1S3C, and 885,513
bushels in 1S95.
Since July I this season corn cxportn
nitprcK-'ite 8,650,883 bushel?, against 3.
233,620 bushels during the same period
a year ago, and 5,456,237 bushels in 1SD7
Business failures number 171, against
lilt; last week, 238 in this week a year
ago, 247 in IS97, 255 in ISSfi, and 214 In
Business failures In the Dominion of
Canada number :17. as compared with
25 last week, :1s in tlilrt week a year ago,
US in 1SH7, 33 in 1896, and L*9 in 1S90.
W. J. Ueno, of Minneapolis, Minn.,
and others have formed the Minnesota I
Tank Co., to manufacture those spe
Heal Rath, inflammations,itching, irritations
and chnftngt, undue or offensive perspiration,
and many other sanative vis-', nothing so
cooling, purifying, *nd refreshing as a bath
With Cuticura So at, followed In ihr ?erorer
I forms by gentle ?nolntil js with ccticdra,
tli-j (treat sk in cam and purest of emollients.
5 -0 REWARD !
1 We will pay tin above reward fir any
isc of Liver ? unplnlnt, Dyspepsia, B'ek
leadacho, Indigestion, Constipation or
lostlveneas wi cannot cure with Llverlta,
he t',..'io-D.ite Llttlo Uver i 11. tvheii the
. Ilrectlons are str'ctly compiled With
Thoy arc purely VCff?taMe, nr .i never fall
to give satisfaction. ".'<?. boxes contain
100 Pills, 10c. boxes contain ?0 Pillfl 6c.
\f-s contain ll. l'ilb-. Hewr.ro of suostl
utionn ar.d Imitations. Sent by mall.
:tamrs taken. NKRVIYA MEDICAL
JO., Coi. Clinton and Jackson Bts.. Chi
ngo. Ill Sold by BURROW, MARTIN
c CO., Norfolk. Va. }c9-We,frl,sa
Mmi<i lita<s Check?. genta
Radges, Stem 11 and suuir
Inks, Pods, Daters. etc.
siomp quo siencil woiKs,
C?- Nlvison and Church 3tf.
Bigger Bargains |
Is the policy of which the (Saks Stores) employ throughout
their semi-annual sales.
The tame of the sales is spreading?every customer brings
We shall follow custom in holding a Clearance Sale at this ?
time. But we shall depart from precedent in that the offering we ,(
make is of vastly greater importance to you- including a wider J
Getting one of the bargains may depend upon you coniiti
lure early this morning.
Every flan's S15 Suit ^Reduced to $8.75 \
Every Kan's $20 Suit Reduced to Si i 50
Every man's S5.0? Fants (?educed to $1-8 \
All $2 and $1.50 Soft Shirts Reduced to % I
All Chfidren's $T!?? SuiTrTcIiuc-31 to $2
All Children's $7 Suits Reduced to sOo
* MUP Straw Hats "Reduced to 83c I
I All 75c and $1 Golf Hos^Reducsd'to 33c i
2 3^0- IV! aim Street.
IN THE COUR.T OP LAW AND CHAN?
CE KY OP THE CITY OF NOP.FOL.lv:
To the cit zi-ns' liank ot Norfolk, Vn..
To Prank R. May, WltlOUghby T.
Cooko and Frank T. Clark, permcrs
in trade under iii" llrm an?! stylo ot
Cooke, Clark ft Co.: a. J. Dom in,
Julien i'. Smith, White Hardware
Company, I), A. Richardson, Tin I..
Bchrelbcr & Sons Company, ?. M.
Batchcldcr and W. ll. Collins, pnrt
ncra in trad,- un itr the lirtn and
stylo of Uatchcldcr Collins; u .
T. Nlmmo. Woodward Lumber Com?
pany, c. r. Meislahn, New York
Architectural Terra-Cotta Com?
pany, M. J. McCarthy and P. c
Flynn, partners In trade undi r the
firm and styl' of McCarthy Si
Plynn: John W. damage ana W.
N. Waller, partners in trade under
the iirm and style of Oamagc .v
Waller, and Statcn Island Olny
TAKE NOTICE, that, pursuant to the
directions of a ducrco of the Court of iMVt 1
anil Chancery of the C:ty ,,f Nerfolk. . n- I
tered on the t'Uh day el' June. :vl\ tu the
cause their.n ponding to whuh yoh are
panics, phitntlfi and defendant rcspcctlvo
iy, I shall, in my of.i.e. Robin -> Lowen
nerg bu Idlllg. Main street, Norfolk, Vir?
ginia, en WEDNESDAY, the 2tSth day of
July, 1S99, and thereafter from diiy to
day by adjournment until cotnph ti il pro?
ceed to take, nscertnln and report to said
Court tho following accounts call d lor
by said decree-?to-wlt:
1st. 'I'he amount of money In the hands
of the puintiii unpaid on account of the
bulldlns mentioned and referred to in the
bill and proceedings. '
2d. What amount was paid by the plain?
tiff on account of the contact prle< bl
the said building prior to November tili.
IS'iS, und what amount has been paid
since that date, and how the .-ame hat
been paid and whether to the salt! Kraul.
It. May or to sub-contractors, and If to
sub-contractors whether nil the order et?
at the rt i|ui -i of a lid Frank It. May, ami
who such sub-contractors were.
3d. What part et' gnltl amoiinl paid since
November 4th. IS9S, was paid out m No
vcmlier, iv:': what part In December. 1S9S
what pu t in January, Is.:?. atul WTtTt |TO t
In February, IS99, and tho last payment
made in February, IS99: also whether any
payment was made In March. IS9S, and fur
what the tame was made and on what
tth. What extra work was dono or extra
material was furnish >i by the a Frank
It. May outside of the said contract foi
or un account of the gaui building, in d
the time or times when such extra vv.uk
or materials were done er furnished, and
if the same has been pa d for, and tho
time or t ni's when paid for.
;">th. The amount of money will h is
necessary to oomplcto the said building or
which was neci ssary to complete the
same .it tin- time of the Institution of this
suit, and wie tie r tho plait.t ff was or is
entitled to complete said building and ap?
propriate the amount necessary therefor
out ot the money In its hands unpaid on
account of s.ii.! building.
Cth. An account of the claim of the de?
fendant sub-contractors nga list tie- said
plaintiff personally, or against the salt",
bllildins and land, win''.her the same are
valid claims or liens, and whether any of
the sann- arc emit! d to priority; also the
amount fur which the plaint ff is liable to
the said sub-contractors, whether person?
ally or for liens on tie said building and
limit, s'i tiring the amount of each claim
and the aggr< rat-.- amount of the same.
7ih. Any other matter and thins deemed
pertinent by myself er which may be re?
quired by any uf tho parties to lie *<>
l:y the terms of sa d decree It was ,11
reeled that notice of tip- time and plnci
of taking the above accounts should lie
published once a week for four successive
wc KB in th" Vlrgllllan-PSlot, a newspup i
publisher! In the city of Norfolk, and thil
su .h publicat otis shdubl be equlvalernt t ?
personal service of such not! e rai tin
pat ties. JOHN B. JENKINS,
Commis.slonci In Chancery.
SLAB WOOD T
? GUARANTEED DRY AT ?
C. E3. WHITE'S
147 >\ E LLY AVEMUE,
Sp.-cia! Pnet for Large Quantities.
I ot It phones, niy2S ,ocd6m
J. H. COFER
Hay and Grain,
CIO CItlzens' Pank Bullding.
Quick shiysavui ana satisfaction guar?
imm\ iwmiS uh"Ti\ .;.
ST A T13 A. & M. C< ?.?.???.?
AT BLAi KSiiiUttO, VA.
Thirty Instructois, tit . . i
Shops, l<ahorntorie.i ar.ti : . .. i
of 4tW acres. Stt-iin ht-at nrd tl: i '
n Dormitories, ? ogree cotlrifs lr, ....
u'.utv. Ilortkullirn C'.vii, Mcilm I
ami EleCii'l ..! ling u or n- A| p I .': ? i: . i
Istry arm General s. ontu Sbo.tr <? ,. . -
in Pract'eal Agriculture ar.tl Pra . .1
Mechanics. Total cost pi session of I a
months, Including tuition and o;h. r ii .
uniform, hoard, washing, text boaUs.ui ?'
Icnl attendance, etc.. about (195.0). Co-11
t.i State students. ?165.00. N.x- BtssUn
begins Sent, 21st, 1599. For catalog) ? r -
l>ly to ,i M. McBIti DE, Ph. !>.. i. I. ri
President. jyu ??>,?"'
NT. ST. JOSEPH'S COLLEGE
Course of Studios?Classical Sc'cr.t'.fld
and Commercial. Terms 'Boarders, per
session of live montlu, $115.
Studies will be n*umcd on MONDAY.
S< pteml or ISS? Addn ss,
UB('. Ji ISKPII, 1 Hi eel r. Station D.
Baltimore, V. I.
Send for catalogue. Jyll-im
l * ^Norfolk-Va
(ALSO PUBCIIASEB3 OF THE COLUM?
BIA BUSINESS COLLEGE.)
Special rates to teachers and pupils of
oilier sellouts during Jun?, July and Au?
gust Can enter at any time und tako ttlO
r<. ul.ir course or special studies.
liogular school in session the year
Call or write for Information.
J it. KESSLER, President.
'Pie: ne 436.
FOR GIRLS AND YOUNG LADIES.
POUNDED IN 1mJ9.
location*, beaut ful In a refined, hos?
pitable, religious community of high In
li II? '.ual culture.
Buildings, targe and comfortable,
with all modern appliances.
ADVANTAGES, homo life, Christian In?
fluences and thorough Instruction.
COT' }-..-' I * OF STUDY, comprehensive 'n
every reap ? ; and In Instrumental and
Vocal Music equal in breadth and thor
oughm ss to conservators' courses.
TEA! IIEUS. among the foremost in the
land, i trnost, enthusiastic sprlaliats.
It ;? L'tatiox. fully established during
i - . ? ifu] career of thirty years. m
! X PENSl H th ? tow. si :?.,< !b|e. w
tkstis ' '..m.S. of the highest order.'
d i U mas of graduation awarded to
full grndu it -
Next ???S? :i begins September IS. ISW.
For catalogue and further particulars
SALLY a PINNEY.
P. O. Ilex 3S8. Suffolk, Va.
COLUMBIA BUSINESS COLLEGE
165 MAIN STREET.
Sen i or rail for circulars in regard to
!>... study for Civil Service Course. Take
id> intage of >oor summer vacation to
Ki t a bu ; n<. i ducatlon, Wanted stu
mts t- :?? eta foi branch classes. D.
it. COX, Pn: eli myl?-8m
RALEIGH, N. C.
Ono of th* best female schools In the
South, and the cheapest for advantages
given. Scad for catalogue.
JAS. DINWIDDIE, M. A.