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(VIRGINIAN AND^PH.OT PUBLISHING
KORFOLK VIRGinlAN AND DAILY PILOT.
(Consolidated March, im.)
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?Va.. as second-class matter._
OFFICE: PILOT BUILDING.
U, CITY HALL AVENUE.
A. H. Grandy. President; W. S. Wilk?
inson. Treasurer; James L. Allen, Secre?
BOARD OF DIRECTORSi
A H Grandy, L. D. Starke, Jr.; T. W.
Bhelton RW.Sh?ltlce. W. S. Wilkinson.
James B. Allen. D. F. Donovan.
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fThe VIRGINIAN AND PILOT PUB
TUESDAY. OCTOBER 10, 1S09.
BRYAN WAS CHEATED.
The N. Y. Tribune and other Repub?
lican sheets seem greatly torn up In
their minds by Mr. Bryan's statement
In a Bpeech he has recently de?
livered In Texas. This statement was as
(follows: "I do not believe all the voles
cast for me last time were counted,
find many were counted against me
(Which were not cost."
There were many curious and mys?
terious (acts in the last Presidential
election that Justify Mr. Bryan's state?
ment, notwithstanding the protests
made by the Hanna election-trust. The
?fwhole popular vote ?f McKinley over
Bryan, as counted or declared, was
only 603,514, notwithstanding the most
extraordinary votes cast in some States j
for McKinley; McKlnley's majority
Over all was 286,728.
In both California and Kentucky, one
(Bryan elector was chosen; and MclCin?
ley's popular majority in California
rwas reported as 2,797, and his majority
In Kentncky was counted at but 2S1.
Delaware returned a McKinley major?
ity of 3,380; and besides Delawnre,
iMaryland and Kentucky were former
Democratic and Southern States that
rwere counted for McKinley. The vote |
!n Oregon was returned for McKinley
by a majority of 2,115.
But the.most significant votes In 18!>6 I
fwere those of the States giving the big |
(electoral votes, which are the only
[votes counted in determining a Prest
Iflentlal election?that Is, the single vote
that decides the popular majority in a
State settles how d ts electoral vote
must be cast, and all popular votes in
excess go for nothing; but the size of
to. popular majority in a State may
measure the anxiety and effort made
to secure Its electoral vote. The largest
electoral votes were os follows: New
[York, 36; Pennsylvania, 32; Illinois,
B4; end Ohio, 23; all of which went for
McKinley,?New York, by 268,469;
Pennsylvania, by 295,072; Illinois, by
142,498; and Ohio, by 48,497.
The usual ratio of votes to population
Is 1 to 6 (one to six) and often is no
more than 1 /to 7 (one to seven); and
Is very rarely as great as 1 to 5 (one |
rto five). In 1S90, the population of New
(York was 5,997,853; males of 21 years
land over, 1,769,649; the vole of asflfi,
1,422,876. Pennsylvania, population,
6,258,014; males of 21 years and over,
1,461,868; the vote, 1,214,352. Illinois,
population, 3,826,351; males 21 yonrs and |
over, 1,072,663; vote, 1.089.3S8. Ohio, pop?
ulation, 3,672,316; males of 21 years and
over, 1,016,564; vote, 1,114,293.
Now, note: 20 per cent, of total popu?
lation of Now York in 1890 was (1 out
Of R), 1,199,570: actual vote cast was
a,422,014, or 222, 444 more than 1 out of ]
B, or 20 per cent, of population. Twenty
per cent, of the population of Pennsyl?
vania, 1,051,602; actual vote 1,214,352, or I
162,760 more than 1 out of 6, or 20 per
cent. Twenty per cent., or 1 out of C,
of the population of Illinois ?s 765.270,
? actual vote, 1,089,888, or 324,618 more
(than 1 "out of G, or 20 per cent. Ohio,
actual vote, 1,114,293, or 379,830 more
itiian J. out of 5, or 20 per cent, of popu?
lation, Tnes*o are astonishing figures
for all these States and utterly incred?
ible for Ohio and Illinois: for in addi?
ction to the discrepancies from usual
; ratios already, cited, the actual vote of
\ Ohio was 97,730 greater "than her ac?
tually enumerated voting population;
' end in Illinois the excess of actual
' votes cast was 17,225 over'enumerated
' noting population. The aggregate vote
- Of the two States of Illinois, and Ohio
? enow the.enormous ratio of votes to
population of one (1) vote to every
r&e and a third (3 1-3) of population.
?Iflea, It is /w?U known that Mr,.
Hanna arid)other.cashiers of the e
p. had .an'imrhehse cam and
that bribery, corruption arid fraud In
behalf of McKinley were rife. It may
do after the event to say that the Mc?
Kinley States had been certain for him
all the time; hut campaign schemers
and workers were sure of nothing, and
they put up the anoney and the work |
till tho returns, were .complete?well
fearing e. repetition Of the Tllden
Hayes tug of 1878, which was only de?
cided by the party-vote of 7 to 6, when
all the credible evidence'demonstrated
the election of the Democratic candi?
date, Samuel J. Tilden.
OFF WITH THE COLLAR.
The Richmond Times can hardly
claim to be the organ or representative
of the Democratlo party of Virginia,
or of any considerable portion, if any
portion, of the true and'real Democrats
of this State; nevertheless, the Times
is a bravo and able journal, and if it
is not Democratic In principle and
policy, It is because it had tho courage
of its convictions and dared avow them.
It is a competent .witness to a plain
matter of fact, .within Its own observa?
tion and experience, and when It testi?
fies to the condition of the Democratic1
organization of this State and its ar?
rogant und oppressive bosslsm, it Is |
worthy, of ? all credit; and many Vir?
ginians, who have formerly given It lit?
tle heed In its devotion to gold, trusts
and other capitalistic schemes, are now
seriously inclined to its views with re?
spect to the present boss-ridden state
to which the machine-organization is
seeking to reduce and hold free-born
Virginia .Democrats. Says the Times:
"We-are not trying to be funny. We
are not joking. We are telling a sad
and serious truth. There are thousands
of party men In Virginia to-day who
have got the machine collar around
their necks. It Is fastened and locked
and the machine has the key. The
machine's name is engraved on the col?
lar, and the men who wear that collar]
nre the slaves of the machine. They
will not admit that it is true, but they I
know that it is true, and they are, some |
of them, we hope, ashamed of It.
"But for that matter there is hardly
a man In Virginia who has not In dnys
post worn tho collar of the Democratic
party. Many of us did not like it, but
conditions were such that Democrats
were compelled to stand together, what?
ever the cost. We wore it as grace?
fully as we could, and made the best I
of it. But some of us have pulled our
heads out of the collar, however great
the strain on the vertebrae may have
been, and so help us, Freedom, we will |
never wear It ngaln- Liberty Is sweet."
For all that, Virginians know how to
throw off tho collar of the organization
nnd Its masters, without ceasing to be
Democrats; and if tho usurping official
servants will not defer to the people,
who are the party In fact, and will
not return to their duty, the people will
deal with them as their Insolent pre?
tensions deserve, and.will put other and
better men in trust and charge of the
routine work of the party.
These usurping officials have nothing
to do with choosing men, or defining
principles and policies, for the party,
though they have taken both tasks
upon themselves, without consulting the
people, or allowing them to have any
voice In such choosing and defining that
belong exclusively to the sovereign con?
stituency. But, what ever betide, the
Democrats of Virginia do not Intend to
vote for men nor measures on the mere
dictation of Impostors and traitors.
ANOTHER UNITED STATES.
The United States of Australia may
be for a while a dependency of Great
Britain, or England; ns It will comprise
an area of 3,250,000 square miles and
a population of 4,fi00,000 souls, it Is not
likely to play second to the mother
country for long. With England In
control of Australian foreign relations,
matters of- great dissatisfaction are
sure to arise between the English and
tho Australians, while the humiliating
position of a subordinate in dealing
with other nations Is not calculated to
fill the natural ambition of the Aus?
tralian people It will be something |
like the tail wagging the dog; and that
situation of things will surely grow
more and more unsatisfactory as the I
United States of Australia feels and |
knows her strength and Importance.
The English sentiment, with time,
distance and growth to weaken It, can?
not long be dominant among a self
respecting population, having a great
country of their own, and naturally
eager to take a foremest rank among
the nations of tho earth.
The .Virginian-Pilot is in receipt of
Vol. 1, Mo. 1, of the Washington Herald,
It Is owned and edited by Hamilton &
McCormtck, and published every Frl
day, at Abingdon. Its politics are
clearly reflected In the following:
"Tho Washington Herald nails the
Democratic, banner to Its mast head
and places at the head of Its columns
the name of William Jennings Bryan
for President In 1900."
If God is no respecter of persons, why
may not Filipinos and their souls be ns
valuable as it they were the average
Americans who are slaying them? And
taking a temporal view of the matter,
may not a humblo Filip'ino contribute
as much to the real happiness and
prosperity of mankind as Hanna, or
McKinley? We decidedly think so. .
"There is gloTy enough for all of
us." said Schley,-*? reporting the great
victory over Cervera to Sampson. The
response of Sampson, in effect, was:
"It is Just enough for m?, thoueh I
have to rob others!" In the spirit of
tho lust of tho age, which seeks to
monopolize the deeds of others.
Schley and Dewey will live forever
In tho hearts of their people and the
history of their country, when McKin?
ley. Sampson and their petty schemes,
tricks, spites and favorltlsms will be
begging alms of oblivion, or seeking to
hide their heads in shame from the In
flltmaUon of posterity.
ROTATION IN OFFICE. \ /'
The Democratlo party ruled this
country from Jefferson to Buchanan?
for three score years of unsurpassed
prosperity, peace and progress. It is
true -that during that period some of
our Presidents were not. Democrats,?
as John Qulncy Adams, William Henry
Harrison, and Zaehary Taylor; but
Jefferson had so Infused Democratic
principles and sentiments into all de?
partments of government that no Fed?
eral administration ventured to depart
far from the example set by the great
Democrat of Virginia, until the Repub?
licans elected Abraham Lincoln.
One of the chief internal, practical
policies of the National party was ro?
tation In office, as It was called; every
President was restricted to not more
than two terms; and, for the most part,
new men were to succeed former In?
cumbents, In all responsible offices at
least, with . every new Presidential
term. The same policy, too, waa gen?
erally followed In the State and other
offices; for It was understood, as one of
tho safeguards of Democratic govern?
ment, that It could not remain long in
control of public affairs, unless its per?
sonnel?Its actual administration?were
frequently renewed by changes In of?
fice. This practice, Indeed, was em?
bodied In the Virginia Bill of Rights,
and In the 7th clause of that Bacred
muniment of liberty it is solemnly de?
"That the legislative, executive and
judicial powers should be separate and
distinct; and that the members there?
of may be restrained from oppression,
by feeling and participating the
burthens of the people, they should, at
fixed perieds, reduced to private sta?
tion, return into that body from which
they were originally taken, and the va?
cancies be supplied by frequent, cer?
tain and regular elections. In which all
or any part of the former members lo
be again eligible or ineligible, as the
laws shall direct."
The principle of frequent rotation
thus propounded is none the less true
and wise because the eligibility to re?
election Is left to the decision of the
law; and our constitution gives it ef?
fect in our principal State office by de?
claring. Article IV., section 1, that the
Governor 6hall "be Ineligible to the
same office for the term next succeed?
ing that for which he was elected, and
to any other office during his term of
It is true that another rule has been
introduced Into our Federal Civil Ser?
vice, under the pretence of reform; but
a people jealous of their liberties can?
not without just apprehension view the
growth of a class of office-holders
whose long tenures are apt to become
practically hereditary in their families,
as Is already seen In the army and
navy, and to no little degree In politi?
cal and civil positions. This new policy
tends to create a governing class and
promote an official breed, detrimental
to equality and good government, and
much more suitable to imperialism than
to Democracy or Republlcanslm. It
may not matter much if the mere man?
ual and ministerial work be kept In
experienced and skilled hands; but It
is certainly a very dangerous experi?
ment to allow managerial, directive and
other responsible public positions to be
held long; and this is as true of the
party control as of actual government,
State and Federal, no matter how
trustworthy the men.
M'KINLKY'S WAR OF SHAME
Gen. Alejandrino, a member of the
Fhilipplne commission now in Manila,
"Our government is willing to accept
a protectorate! we rougnt Spam in;- 1
cause we did not wish to be a colony.
Colonial government under American
rule would be worse than the Spanish,
because you know nothing as to how
to govern colonies. We do not want to
be experimented on for a century.
With I'Jngland It would be another
"You are of another race not in sym?
pathy with us. We know how to rule
our people, and He net understand why
your powerful nation wants to ctush us
like Inmrctn. Toti can conquer us be?
cause you are rich. Our seldlers can?
not fight successfully against you. We
want henor and peace, but will fight
until death for eur institutions. Every
military move you make we know.
"Admiral Dewey premised me in
Heng Konc that at the end ef the war
with Spnln the Fllinines should have
independence. Dewey was our best
friend. I understand he was not per?
mitted to keen his word."
It is well-knewn that Dewey has al?
ways been a stnlwsrt friend of the
Filipinos: and there is a general con?
currence in the testimony from Hong
Kong that ?11 the civil, naval and other
representatives of the United States
there before the hostilities against
Spain in the East began, practically
promised the natives of the islands
independence for their assistance
against Spain, the common enemy.
Our principles, professions, character,
history and form of government were
all guarantees of friendship to the
liberties and Independence of a people
struggling against a brutal tyranny,
like that of Spain; and no wonder the
Filipinos easily believed that we would
not imitate the worst policies and prac?
tices of SDiiin- A sense of nntional
honor, it was supposed. If nothing else,
would restrain our government from n
policy of conquest and subjugation to?
ward our allies.
Do our public men ever consider how
they may so do their duty and realize
the blessedness and glory pictured by
Gray? Heed: J
"The applause, of llsfning Senates to
The threats of pain and ruin to despise.
To scatter plenty o'er a smiling land.
And read their history In a nation's
eyes!" . |
One swallow does not make a sum
mar: and neither does a martin. ? I
The Eastern. Shore Kerald, of Eust
vllle, Vo.', waB;rilneteen years old last
Friday. Under the editorial "manage?
ment.of Mr. Thomas B. Robertson, the
Herald is a political factor in the ma?
terial progress of its section and de?
serves well at the hands of the people.
The Virginian-Pilot extends congratu?
The irrepressible and spontaneous
outbursts of applause, in New York and
Washington, for the hero of Santiago,
were all the more grateful to 1dm and
honorable to the people, because they
were unpremeditated, and were not
down in the program.
An intelligent man knows himself,
and he knows others also; and Schley,
slighted by a pusillanimous govern?
ment, can afford to rely on his own
sense of duty performed, the apprecia?
tion of n mri-Lii iirV.inous iicople, anil the
Justice of Heaven.
To try to be right arid to do good Is
In every true man's power; and that
Is alt that can be Justly asked or ex?
pected of him. If he tail, he has clone
his best, "and angels can do no more."
KOI I S \ "\ It ori.Morv*.
HE STANDS COURIOCTIOD.
( Wilmington, N. C, Messenger)
We copy the following from the able
editor of the Norfolk Virginian-pilot:
"Speaking of Marion Butler, of North
Carolina, and his political aspirations,
the Wilmington (N. C.) Messenger says:
" 'He may be seriously thinking with
Joseph Addison that 'The post of honor
j Is a private station.' By the way, Ad?
dison got his Idea from Gay's Fables.
I In them you will lind this verse:
'Give me, kind heaven, a private sta?
tion ? ? ?
The post of honor shall be mine.'
" 'The accomplished editor of the
Messenger, whose literary equipment is
unsurpassed among dally editors,
makes a slip In that, we think. Gay
seems to have borrowed from Addison,
who died in 1710, while Gay's Fables did
not appear till 1726.' "
We stand corrected. We write away
from nearly every book we possess, and
the above shows that we caught the
Homeric infection?"nodding" ?about
the only thing under the sun in which
a latter-day editor can bear resem?
blance to the great Greek master. We
had no opportunity for search as to the
date of the publication of the "Fables."
The two writers were 6trictly contem?
porary and we thought for the moment
that the "Fables" antidated the "Cato"
of Addison. We were in error and are
pleased to note the correction. Mem?
ory will play tricks.
(Danville Daily Bee.)
There should be something done In
this white man's town to teach people
to pay their debts. The stand-off is
getting to be universal.
(Franklin, N. C, Times.)
One of the best and ablest daily pa?
pers that comes to the Times ofllce Is
the Norfolk (V.o.) Virglnian-Pllot. It
takes full press dispatches and has a
large corps of special correspondents.
The subscription price Is only $5.00 a
(Wilmington, N. C, Messenger.)
Bryan Is dead again. At Dallas,
Tex., on the 3d instant, he was alive
enough to receive an ovation from 6,1)00
people, and he spoke at length upon
the Issues of the day. He talked lota
of sense, of course.
In weather like this, with bright, cool,
clear davs, and nights that are even
cooler, to complete your enjoyment of
life, you should have a tire in your grate
Toms Creek Lump Coal
which gives a hot. strong, quick, clean,
bright lire. Very much heat; very little
We also have a large, fresh stock of
ANTHRACITE, all sizes.
Trigg & Wilrner
200 Citizens' Bank Bldg.
7-15 Nivison Street.
This Is tho time to lay In supplies of
Coal and Wood. Stock put In before
heavy rains give letter satisfaction all
through the season.
i ? DOWN TOWN OFFICE:
171 MAIN STREET.
. ? 8o29-su-tu-th-3m Both Phones. 7S6.
You take a genuine
medicine when you uss a
They touch the spot,
that is what you want.
Rheumatism, Kidnoy Troublo,
Coughs, Dyspepsia, Eloocl, Ca?
tarrh, Asthma, Honrt, Liver,
Ciarrhooa, Crlppo, Ccnerai Do
biiity, Wlnlarla, Neuralgia.
A Separate Remedy for Each Disease
2 Is ~
Tor 8:.lo at All D.-arjslsts.
A boot, full or Toltmblo lnroriiiallon,
to any mldrc}*.
IT In ?outit ns (o tlic nntnro of your Illness, yon
cniiHult our tluclora by until absolutely frcn of
SOVEREIGN REMEDY CO.,
1237 Arch St., Philadelphia, Va.
Do you want stylish hats ?
Do you wish stylish hats
at reasonable, not exorbitant
Do you need walking, golf,
Tain O'Shanta, or any other
kind of hats?
Do you want handsome
birds, wings, gulls or some
other kind of fancy feather ?
Do you want Velvet, Taf?
feta, Bengaline or stitched silks?
We can accomodate you
with everything in the Millinery
line, and we sell at the most
Mrs. P. Ries,
162 Church Street.
Yt'c have perfect facilities for
cleaning, stretching and drying
lace curtains. Our wagons will
call for your work.
105 Granby St.
New Plione 874.
New Garden Peas. 5c. can
French Pens.15c. can
Pumpkins, large s'ze. 5c. can
Boston Itakcd Beans. 8c. can
Grnted Cocoanut.15c. lb., 2 for 25c.
Pox River Butler.2Sc. lb.
Jelly nnd Preserves.hie. jar
New Raisins, Currents and Citron Just
VIRGINIA GROCERY 60.,
Cl AND S3 NEW MARKET PLACE.
BOTH PHONES ?2.
Buy your Coal Hods, Coal Shov?
els, Coal Sifters and Coal Claws
where you get the best made
at lowest prices.
1C9 Commercial Place
Southern Shorthand and
(Also purchasers of the Columbia But<
Incss College). Corner Granby streot and
City Hall avenue. Individual instruction.
J. M. KESSLER, President.
'Phono (new) 4GG.
pF?LK CONSERVATORY OF MUSIC
MESSRS. ANTON P. KOERNER AND
? CHARLES BORJES, DIRECTORS.
? The inatingctncnt begs to announce th?
opening of the Conservatory of Music.
Wednesday, Sept. 27, 1899.
Pupils can now bo enrolled for Piano.
Organ, Harmony. - String and Wind In?
struments. Voice Culture, Elocution and
Dramatic Art, Painting In Oil. Water and ?
China. German, French and Spanish,
For terms and particulars apply at THB
CONSERVATORY, 165 Main street.
"SCHOOL OF SINGING."
Mr. WILLIAM RICHARDS (lato of
Royal Academy of Music, London, Eng?
land), Director and Instructor In Voice
Culture and the "Art of Slncing" in all
For terms and other information ad?
dress or apply at Studio, Masonic Tem
plc.Freemaaon street, Norfolk, Va. Puplla.*
Recitals will bo given during the season.
BETHEL MILITARY ACADEMY
ltethrl Academy, Vlrclnlo.
Tbirtj-focmid aeenion opens Sopf. St. Patronage
from CO States, lias prepared inoro soldiers anil
scliolarn titan ?nj other private institution In the
Eontli. lltua. catalocnc. H. A. MclDtjrc.8o.pt.
L. H. WHITEHURST
Wishes lo call the attention of his cua- -
tomcrs and the public generally to tho
fact that his fall slock is very large, new:
Forty different styles to show you.
In Golf. Plush and Plain Cloth.
A very largo lino to select from.
In tho leading- styles?Black and Col?
ored. Fall S'.lks in a largo variety.
niankcts ranging from 5i.it> to (9.00 per
Underwear, In Gents', Ladles' and Chil?
Flannels in Wool, Canton, light and
Table. Damask. DoyllcB, Napkln3, Tow?
els, &c. All sold at bottom prices.
Your inspection of my stock solicited.
L. H. Whitehurst,
336 MAIN STREET.
Now Phone 857.
The Lake Drummond Canal and Water
Company wish to give notice that the old
Dismal Swamp Canal route between Nor?
folk and Elisabeth City IS NOW OPEN
FOR BUSINESS, and that a tug boat
will have every other day. except Sun?
day, commencing AUGUST 2S, making
trips as follows: ],e,ii.vo Norfolk MON?
DAY. WEDNESDAY and FRIDAY, re?
turning leave Elisabeth City TUESDAY.
THURSDAY and SATURDAY.
The Canal Company insures nine feet
of water at present llmo between tho
locks, and in a few weeks they will havo
ten feet of water In the canal. The Ca?
nal Company lias dredged fifteen feet In
depth for a distance of three thousand
feet below tho lock In Deep Creek. They
have also made deep water below South
.Mills Lock, in the waters of the Pasquc
t.i>\k river. The Canal Company h?a
dredged the old Turner Cut to the depth
of ten feet at low water. Thus far the
Canal Company can insure a sufficient
depth of water.
The Canal Company would not at pres?
ent guarantee a safe passage between
>fr#rfolk and Elisabeth City -for boats
drawing more than seven and a half feet
of water, as Hie Pusquotank has oiio
shoal place, und Deep Creek at low water
has nol more than seven and a half feet
at the present time.
The Government has appropriated mo?
ney to deepen and widen Deep Crock, and
also to deepen and straighten tho water?
way of the Pasquotunk river. This work
Is to commence at once. The Company
in the meantime intend to improve and
widen the canal, and In tlie near future
the Canal Company believe tbnt they will
have a canal and waterway between tho
points named that cannot be excelled la
J. B. SANFORD. V. P.
Information can be had at the ofllco of
A. M. MARSHALL, tug boat offlco,Camp
bell'3 wharf. Norfolk. Va. au23-tf
Gives a most delicious flavor to
BEWARE OF IMITATIONS.
ThlsgBlgnatnrc on every bottle?
John Duncan's Sans, Agents, New York?
OLD POINT. VA.
OPENS ON AMJSRICAN PLAN SEP
ALAN -F. CAMPBELL,