Newspaper Page Text
tVIRGINIAN AND PILOT 1>UBLISHING
KORFOLK VIRGINIAN UNO DAILY PILOT
Entered at the Postofflco at Norfolk,
iVn., as second-class matter.
OFFICE: ni.OT BUILDING.
CITY HALL AVENUE.
ALBERT H. ORANDY.President
WILLIAM S. WILKINSON.Treasurer
JAMES E. ALLEN...Secretary
TH11EB CKNTS ri?B COPY.
The VIRGINIAN-PILOT Is delivered to
subscribers by carriers In Nortolk and \ l
ctnlty. Portsmouth. Berkley, Suffolk.V* est
Norfolk. Newport News, for 10 cents per
week, payable to the currier. By malt, (o
any place In the United Slates, postage
DAILY, one yenr - S3.00
? kIx months --- - 3.00
?< thrco mouths - - - LfiO
?? oho mouth - - - - .3d
ADVERTISING RATES: Advertise?
ments Inselred at the rale of 7o cents a
Square, lirst Insertion, each Biibsoituent
Insertion <0 cents, or M> cents when
Inserted Every Other Day. Contrac?
tors are not allowed to exceed their space
or advertise other than their legitimate
business, except by paying especially lor
Reading Notices. Invariably 20 cents per
line first Insertion. Each subsequent in?
sertion 15 cents.
No employee of the Vlrprlnlan-PHot Pub?
lishing Company Is authorized to contract
any obligation In the name of the com?
pany or to make purchases In the name
of the same, except upon orders signed by
the PRESIDENT OF THE COMPANY.
In order to avoid delays, on account of
personal absence, letters and nil comiinl
catlons for THE VIRGINIAN-PILOT
should not be addressed to any Individ?
ual connected with tho office, mit *llnly
to THE VIRGINIAN AND PILOT PUB?
THURSDAY, APRIL 12. 1900.
The Hon. Grover Cleveland, In his
lecture on "The Independence of the
Executive" before Princeton students,
has expressed some views that come
With a 6enBe of strangeness from the
man tvho. as President, sent Federal
troops into a State In defiance of tlie
Constitution and against the protest of
tho State and City authorities. Nor is
Mr. Cleveland more forunntc In the
time selected for this deliverance since
his successor In the Presidency is af?
fording a fine opportunity to parallel
Mr. Cleveland's views with, actual
Speaking of the Convention which
framed the Constitution of the United
Btatcs, Mr. Cleveland gave this esti?
mate of the powers and limitations of
"To the wisdom of the men who com?
posed .the convention we are indebted
for the creation of an executive depart?
ment, limited against any possible dan?
ger of usurpation or tyranny, but, at
the same time, strong- and Independent
?within its limitations."
There is no doubt that the men who
framed the Constitution intended to
guard "against any possible danger of
usurpation or tyranny" on the part of
any President who might be minded to
take a fling in either direction. There
Is also no doubt that If these same men
?were alive to-day, or had been alive
during Mr. Cleveland's administration,
that they would be driven to declare
that, despite their safeguards, there
lias been both usurpation and tyranny.
For tills departure from the sphere of
legitimate power marked out for the
Chief Executive, Mr. Cleveland was
more responsible than any of his pre?
decessors, though Mr. McKinley has
distanced Mr. Cleveland. In the case
of the Chicago riots, and In his unwar?
ranted interference with, and coercion
of, the Legislative department of the
Government, Mr. Cleveland was as ar?
bitrary as any South American dic?
As n matler of fact, there has been
n gradual encroachment of the Pres?
ident on the powers of Congress until
to-dny he is more nearly an autocrat
than the Queen of England, or the
Emperor of Austria. The Constitution
Clves him tho veto power to start with.
That balances htm against anything
less than a two-thirds vote of Congress,
nnd enables him to tie the hands of the
Legislative department on a majority
of questions. This Is an enormous, and
In many respects a dangerous, power,
as Mr. Cleveland showed quite clearly
In his administration. But the Presi?
dent has not been content with it. Ho
has sought to be not only a negative
but a positive factor in legislation.
How this is done a sentence from
Speaker Henderson's famous Porto
Rican letter makes plain:
"My Dear Mr. K not t,?Yours 21th
about Porto Rico i-; received. I can
not gather from your letter what you
personally think of our action in the
House, or wii.it you think of THE
PRESIDENT, Wllo THOROUGHLI
AGREED WITH US AND WORKED
WITH MIGHT AND MAIN TO GET
THE HOUSE BILL PASSED AND
HAS BEEN WORTHING IN THE
So President McKinley, who buys
Islands and people, nnd makes war out
elde of the Constitution, and tho limits
It sets to his power, nnd who has his
Constitutional vein power, seeks also
to dictate to Congress what it shall do.
He not only desires to be able to say
what legislation It shall not pass, but
ho "works with might and main" to
force through such legislation as he de?
sires. To this end he brings to bear all
the power of patronage and plunder at
his command, and that ho Buccceds,
the passage of the Infamous Porto
Klean bill shows sufficiently. McKin?
ley dominates Congress and the truBts
dominate McKinley. It Is thus that by
''usurpation" that balance of power be?
tween the departments, which was so
Important In the eyes of the framcrs
of the Constitution, has been destroy?
ed. It is thus also that by tho con?
centration of power in the hands of the
Executive, Special interests are able to
control the destinies of this Republic.
Mr. Cleveland should revise his lec?
ture to fit the revised conditions, first
first instituted by himself.
Much has been said and written In
derogation of the typewriter, mostly
true; and doubtless much more has
been thought, but unexpressed, which
is truer still. For the, rudest of us sel?
dom possess the world of our most can?
did thoughts, or If wc do, they are so
polished and refined by the conceal?
ment of words?artful phraseology?
that people do not half know what we
mean and feel at bottom.
It is a conceded fact, wc believe, that
no typewriter?especially If "it" be also
a stenographer?ever >knew how to
spell, or was willing even to try to
learn. Stenography is the art of sound
nomenclature, which is phonetics,which
is had spoiling in all languages?and
growing worse. A stenographer always
knows you said Just what his "strokes"
translate to him through the medium
of his machine, and he will not be gain?
said. Moreover, if you didn't say that,
you ought to have said it. and it was.
enough better than what you now say
you then said.
He knows it all. Dictation may be
very well In Its way, but do not believe
that there Is any such person as a dic?
tator In the partnership. The stenog?
rapher Is the only real commandcr-in
chlcf, tho only genuine High Cockalo?
rum. There Is no difference of opinion
on that point among persons who have
had experience. He Is the embodiment
In the flesh of the "Polite Detter
Writer," the High Court of Phrase and
Style, the Century Dictionary and the
Encyclopaedia Brlttanica?all In one
conglomerate whole. Wc do him hum?
ble obeisance, and accept his amend?
ments, his substitutes even, with
But perhaps the highest debt of grat?
itude we owe this modern device for
the suppression of thought and extin?
guishment of the Imagination is for
what he unconsciously impels us to
leave unsaid?both In his own style and
ours. The aspiration of Burns:
"O, wad some Power the piflie glo us
To see our selves llhera see us,
It wad froo mony a. blunder free us
And .foolish notion "
has been literally fulfilled In this mod?
ern aid to Polite Composition. Many
a glowing thought grow3 cool on the
point of his pencil, or has all of its
fervor evaporated in the crucible of his
machine. Vanltas Vanltatum! All Is
vanity, salth the preacher, and a striv?
ing after wind.
Think of the Browning "Love Let?
ters," in two big volumes, and the ec?
stasy of writing to the writer, and of
reading to the reader; and then imag?
ine the two "sweethearts" transmitting
their souls' emotions to each other
through the media of stenographer and
typewriter! Oh, soul dispelling thought,
there will be no more love letters If
they must be machine-made! Senti?
ment will not submit to rule of thumb.
Heart throbs can not be sounded me?
chanically. A typewriting machine Is
the very guillotine of love, and a sten?
ographer the executioner.
Our only hope is to refer the whole
subject to the Women's Clubs, and it is
THE PEOPLE AND THE
Shall the Constitution be changed by
tho vote of the people, or shall It be
changed by a clique of persons with
special interests to serve? That's the
And It matters ?iot whether tho con?
vention be made up of the most honest
representatives and conservative peo?
ple (which is unlikely in the nature of
politics), the principle Is exactly the
same (unalterable and unchangeable),
the people should have the last say
Now, whose Constitution Is it? Is It
the "grand Constitution of the mighty
host of noblemen enrolled under Ihe
standard of Virginia's Hag," of which
tho stump-speakers tell us in cam?
paign times, or is it the Constitution of
a favored few who will prevail In n
Do not he deceived. Tho sort, vel?
vety mantle of grandeur: the plaintive
pleading of the Interested parties, are
hiding the "cloven foot" underneath.
The "nigger In the wood pile" Is no!
the offensive vote nt the polls; but it
Is an Interest (specinl Interest) desired
to he conserved In a Constitution?an
Why do these mighty advocates re?
fuse to allow the people a chance?
What Is it they wish to hide? Why
hot say they are afraid to submit It
to the people?
Now, why have our gifted friends
found it undesirable to let the people
vote on that glorious document, over
which youthful orators will, in the fu?
ture, expend untold breath, and which
in all seriousness must control the <i?
tiny of the State?
We are simply adhering to our old
principle and doctrine- give the people
a chance. We are going to light it on I
on this line. We do not believe that
any one man ever lived capable of do?
ing as well, for the country's good, as
the country itself. If such a conceited
Individual lives, wo would like to see
him; and, in the meantime, 'remarks
alone tills line "would be accepted as
THE CASE OF MR. CLARK, OF
The unanimous recommendation of
the committee that W. A. Clark, of
Montana, be not allowed to take his
seat as a Senator, Is a merited rebuke
to that Investor In Legislatures, but
only the sanguine will look upon It as
likely to put a period to the practices
of which Mr. Clark is such a shining
example. There was really nothing
else for the committee to do, supposing
the members to be not totally devoid
of a sense of responsibility to the peo?
ple, nor quite Impervious to public crit?
icism. , i
There is, accordingly, small occasion
for the inference that the United States
Senate will be hereafter closed to every
man who knocks at its doors with his
credentials, if his bank account shows
the marks of the struggle whereby he
got them. In the case of Mr. Clark
there was hardly a denial of the alle?
gation of bribery, the objection being
rather to the term itself, than to the
thing for which it stood. The. expendi?
ture of enormous sums of money was
admitted; one of the beneficiaries had
his part on deposit, in bank, to show
that the affair was very business?
like, while the attorney who negoti?
ated the exchange of votes for bank
bills was debarred from practice before
the Supreme Court of Montana.
The defense seems to have been: Not
that the money was not spent in get?
ting Clark elected, but that it was right
and proper to spend It.
Hereafter the United States Senator
who takes by purchase will have to be
somewhat more secretive than the
frank Mr. Clark. The Senate Is about
to set the precedent that any Senator
who admits that he bought his seat
shall not wear the toga. Mr. Hanna
has given the only safe example for
Senatorial aspirants. The proper way
is to buy the seat, and then piously
exclaim: "God reigns and the Republi?
can party still lives."
This much, and very little, if any,
more, the action in the malodorous
Clark case means. ?
Flsewhere to-day we print a state?
ment showing how month by month the
war revenue act Is piling up a surplus
in the United States Treasury. Despite
this, the official announcement Is made
that the odious and burdensome stamp
taxes are to be maintained. Mr. Mc?
Kinley has executed another of his
lightning changes of mind and will not
hear of repeal. He Is convinced that
he can take care of a surplus in colonial
administration and the propagation of
civilization In the Philippines. Of
course there will be no reduction of
taxes. It has been tho uniform policy
of the Republican party to increase
taxes, and It will stick to it. The only
remedy lies in a change of administra?
tions. From the Republican point of
view, to govern 1s to tax, and to tax is
Senator Platt, of Connecticut, said in
the Senate recently:
"I do not believe there are many
Cubans who believe the United States
will not keep its promise. Of course
there are agitators In Cuba, but among
the Cubans generally there is the ut?
most confidence in the United States."
Why'should there be? Whose fault is
It. that the honor and faith of this na?
tion are not above suspicion anywhere,
and everywhere? Why Is It so remark?
able .a thing for the Cubans to believe
that the United States will not violate
Its promises, that a Senator feels im?
pelled to direct attention to it?
The Senate of these United States,
having violated the nation's pledges,
and having disregarded its "plain duty"
by passing the Porto Rlcan tariff bill,
will doubtless now proceed to ratify the
Hay-Paunefote bargain and to give
Matthew S. Quay a seat, to which the
people of Pennsylvania, through their
representatives, refused to elect him.
About the only good thing the United
States Senate seems likely to do is to
adjourn, and it is entirely too slow
The esteemed Atlanta Constitution, in
working off a picture of Henry Wads
worth Ixuigfellow as a likeness of a
citizen of Atlanta, was hardly more for
lunato than the Baltimore American,
which gave to the slxtcen-year-old boy
who shot at the Prince of Wales a
beard of Pefferian dimensions.
It Is given out that if the decision of
the United States Supreme Court Is
against Taylor, the Kentucky Repub?
licans will name him for Governor _!v
acclamation at the convention in May.
In their enthusiasm they seem to have
forgotten that the grand jury may also
decide against Mr. Taylor.
The Virginia Republicans did not
throw over much vim into the cannan
ization of the lion. Mark Hanna. It Is
to be feared that despite Congressman
Hull's assertion there is still too much
of that party left for the supply of
Federal offices at Hanna's disposal.
A Kontucklan has Bhlppcd Governor
Beckham 100 feet of walnut lumber to
make a collln for Goebel's ntvassin.
Now. if somebody will ship in the as?
sassin, arrangements for the ceremony
can be speedily completed.
As the Mlddle-of-the-Hoad "Pops"
meet in Cincinnati this year, the un?
feeling and Irreverent are sure to ac?
cuse them of coquetting with Hon.
Mary Hanna's commissary depart?
. In case General Nelson A. Miles de?
cides to be a candidate for the Presi?
dency, It is presumed that his cam?
paign button will be a miniature bath
Th? United States Senate will have
_a fine opportunity to keep up the good
work begun in tho Clark case when the
Quay case comes up on the 24th in?
Mr. Carnegie Is preparing to extend
the scope of hl3 benevolence to the
building of warships for the land of his
adoption. Congress having thought?
fully doubled the price of armor-plate.
Hon. Amos Cummings might revive
his "Tantalus" letter and devote a few
extra paragraphs to "Senator" Matthew
President McKinley has just signed
the Hague peace treaty. He will con?
tinue to wink at the infamous war in
South Africa as heretofore, however.
Tho pro-Poor meetings all over the
country are growing in size and en?
thusiasm, and this is putting extra pins
In the pillow of our Emperor Bill.
There Is no doubt about the presence
of harmony. The whole thing passed
off without a call for the police or the
It Is nnnounced that tho regular
quadrennial revolution in Central
America will open this year with due
pomp and circumstance.
The esteemed Republican State Con?
vention was long on oil and short on
NOTES AM) OPINIONS.
THE COST OF THE NEW NAVY.
We have now a standing army of 100,
000 men. and it is doubtful If It will be
reduced from these figures. Before
jingoism became rampant 12,000 or 16,
000. nnd at the utmost 25,000, answered
all the purposes of a national police.
But it is with the navy, for which ser?
vice Americans have always had an
admiring eye and liberal purposes, that
we are making greater progress to the
European or the imperial standard.
Some ten or fifteen years ngo the com?
mencement was made, under Secretary
Whitney of the first Cleveland admin?
istration. The following list, showing
the progressive although fluctuating
advances in our naval appropriations,
ought to be of interest:
lSOl . $23.136.03r,
1S92 . 31.541,134.-?
1891 . 22.I0I.0fil
1SP5 . 25,360,S27
1S97 . 30,562,661
1899 . 66,098,763
1900 . 4S.099.969
1901 (proposed) . 61,219,916
It will thus bo seen that the pro?
posed appropriation for the navy In
this year of nonce is nearly live mil?
lions greater than we found necessary
to out our navy in condition for the
ACHES BY WHOLESALE.
Kansas is evidently going into the
cucumber business in a wholesale style.
One company near Lawrence is mak?
ing arrangements to plant eleven hun?
dred acres in the vegetable, and one
can form an idea of the number of
pickels and aches which can be grown
on such a field.
TELEPHONE BATES HERE AND IN
(St. Paul Pioneer Press.)
The extent to which the American
people have allowed themselves to be
blod and imposed upon by the telephone
companies Is fairly illustrated by a ref?
erence to the telephone systems of
Sweden and Norway. According to nn
article in the April number of the
Forum, toy Hon. S. .1. Barrows, under
the head of "Some Things We May
Learn from Europe," the charge for a
telephone in Stockholm is less than $10
a year. There is about one telephone in
use for each 100 persons.
In Chrlstiania there are frequent
oublic telephone stations, where one
may talk for live minutes for 2 cents.
Even at these modest figures tho ser?
vice is said to have enriched the stock?
In this country rates for exchange
service vary from $2.% to $ir.O per an?
num. There is no evidence that in any
city the service is better than that ren?
dered in Stockholm for $10. There is no
evidence that the legitimate expenses
of maintaining the service are much
higher here than there. Furthermore,
it cannot be claimed that the telephone
service in Stockholm can bo m lintnined
at the lower rate because of a more
general use of the Instruments. The
number in use in the Twin Cities, for
Instance; shows a much higher ratio
than one instrument to each two of
INDEPENDENCE IN POLITICS.
There is room In this country for but
two political pariles of magnitude. On<
or the other of these will win in every
campaign. If. therefore, our politics
are in need of reformation, and if the
independents possess the saving grace
by which the reform is to be accom?
plished, there is but one way by which
it can be successfully applied. If the
men who participate in Independent
movements would go into practical pol?
itics with the same energy, enthusiasm
and disregard of the cost that they
show in pursuing phantom theories,
their Influence would soon he manifest.
As ward and precinct executives and
workers they would, by their noble
ideas and pure disinterestedness, soon
regenerate politics and Infuse a higher
moral tone into the management of
parties. If evil exists in our political
system. It rises from the roots, dis?
coverable only in the wards and pre?
cincts. Any attempt nt reformation
must, therefore, go to the roots, and
the reformers must begin work at the
bottom before they can hope to Influ?
ence the top. In regarding practical
politics as contaminating and degrad?
ing the independents place themselves
out of harmony with the principles of
democratic government. Let them ap?
ply their influence nt the root, nnd
keep on working until it permeate? the
entire political system. Then will their
reform he a success, nnd then will the
country be spared the exhibition of
so much mistaken political Independ?
ownleg if leritW
The IVIonticello Corner.
Our Semi=Annual Mid-Season ^
I Remnant Sale Occurs J
t To= Morrow, Friday, April 13th j
*5p , - 4
This sale is not an ordinary every day occurrence; 4
it is a very special sale, entirely premeditated and pre- i
?jjjp pared for the purpose of ridding ourselves of multi- 4
0 tudes of remnants that have accumulated from this 4
?$p season's phenomenal selling. , 4
Prices absolutely of no consideration 1 The object 4
0 is to sell I You'll find. i\
Handsome Black Crepons 1
iji: in skirt lengths, Serges, Cheviots, Venetians, Broadcloths and other if
fresh black fabrics in various quantities at remarkably little prices.
Including: Taffetas, Satins, Chinas, Foulards and others in black and 3
^ colors, will be thrown in the medley at mercilessly -markedI prices 1 |j
1 Wash Goods of Every Description
^jv. Such as Dimities, Lawns, Percales, Cheviots, Ginghams, Galateas 3|
ijSfc and Madrasses will be found at the same surprisingly low figures. $
ife Even Laces and Embroideries, too!,, And everything within the
limit of a remnant.
% Each piece measured and marked in plain figures, and out
spread on special counters.
" Our windows exhibit the fashions." j
Now Is Your
I am offering unusually low rates to all
Catarrh Sufferers who begin my treat?
ment beforo April 15, 1900.
Tho coming 3 months are probably tbo
best of tho year for the treatment for
Catarrh and Catarrhal Deafness, being
free from tho extreme heat of summer
and the cold and snows of winter. Vor \
this reason, and because I want tho pub?
lic to notice that I havo moved Into my
new offices at 371 Main street, over the
"Hub," I am offering to all Catarrh Suf?
ferers who begin my treatment before
April 15, 1900. greatly reduced rates; In
fact, about one-half my usual prices. Can
you nfford to neglect this opportunity?
Will you let Catarrh destroy your health
when you can be cured on such favorable
terms? Even If you do not want to begin
treatment now call and have a talk with
me. Consultation always free.
Remember, I havo moved to rooms 3
and 4. No. 371 Main street.
Rooms 3 and 4 No. 374 Main street, over
"The Hub." Specialties: Catarrh and all
diseases ot Eye, Ear, Nose, Throat, Chest
Hours, 9 a m. to 12:30 p. m.: 2 p. m. to
6 p. m. Sunday hours. 10:30 a. m. to 12:30
p. m. Tuesday night. Thursday night aad
Saturday night, 7:45 p. m. to S:15 p. m.
Consultation always free. Medicines fur?
nished. Terms always moderate. Eyes
examined for glasses free of charge.
BASKET SEAT SURREYS
And Other Novelties.
SUMMER LAP DUSTERS,
24 to 40 UNION STREET,
Special limited quantity of
FINEST HAVANA CJCAR3
For box trade, at factory prices
KambsrgoVs (in Rate Ticket Office
827 MAIN STREET.
The Tie That Binds.
Carnegie and Prick have become friends
again. The lie that binds is the almighty
dollar. H Is the same kind of a tie that
binds you to us. and yet we hope that It
La not onlv the money you save that
binds you to us, but that you appreciate
our efforts to nerve you with t! e r.l-XST
COAL thai can be obtained,
Geo. W. Taylor & Co.,
61 Granbv St., Norfolk, Va.
? T I I IS ?
ROTTIPW S WHEW 00..
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS
We now tin vc on our yard a slock of
freshly mm to and choice
, Our customer* wouiu do well to place
their enters nnd lay In their winter sup?
ply while the coal 's dry. fresh and clean.
Pocahontas Steam Coal
a specialty. ' Get our prices before buying
Pine and Oak Wood I
or tbt? very best quality on this market;
Erf wed. f>:.|it and delivered as required.
Your orders are respectfully solicited.
OT.n 'PHONES. 6-1H and 234.
NEW "PI ION KS. l? ?r.d 2C.
FINEST STOCK OF
Grackcrs, Cakes, Glieese,
Olive Oil and Olives
IN THE STATE,
Fine Smithfield Hams.
C2 G P. AN MY STREET._
Why buy a Tin Roof for $4
per square that will not last
two years, when you can
Obi Cutfu's plapesia Roofing
for S3.2.S per square, with
a ten year guarantee.
T. A. FREWEN,
Sole agent Norfolk and vicinity.