Newspaper Page Text
IN TWO PARTS.
VOL,. V-NO. 11.
JSOREOLK, VA., FRIDAY, APRIL 13, 1900.
THREE CE3TT3 PER COPY.
RATEST NEWS OF THE WORLD BY
TELEGRAPH AND CABLE!
The Boers Have Hemmed in
1,500 Troops at Wepener.
LORD ROBERTS' GREAT ARMY
Tho British Commandcr-In-Chlef Has Now
21.1,000 Dcpilppod Men?Fragments of
Nuws Received nt London Over Com?
paratively Itllo Cables Do Not Illumi?
nate Ihn Smith African Situation?Brit?
ish in Natal Forced to Kotlro-Military
Regulations uf tho Huers.
(By Telegraph to Virginian-Pilot.)
London. April 13.-4:05 a. m.?Ill a
round about way London hears that
Lord Roberts, -when wiring to the
Trlnce of Wales at Copenhagen con?
gratulations upon his escape from as?
sassination, added two or three hopeful
sentences portending an enrly advance
with wide reaching combinations.
Quiet assurances are passed around
among military men that Lord Roberts
is employing Iiis great army effectively,
and that tho adventurous Boer com?
mandoes are likely to be enmeshed
Scraps of news?a detail hero and an
olher there?have reached England to?
night over comparatively idle cables,
but they do not Illuminate the situation.
SITUATION AT WEPENER.
Tiie Colonials at Wepener still hold
off the Doers. Lord Mcthuon has
worked eastward until lie Is within
eighty miles of Kroonstnd. Boer Seouls
linvc gone around Ladysmlth and have
appeared nt Dewdrop and oilier places
on General Buller's Hanks and rear.
The olllcers of Ruller's irregular horse
estimate the P.oers in Natal tis 18,000,
but these figures arc probably exces?
sive. 10,000 being regarded here as the
After General Hart's brigade leaves
him. General Duller will still have close
upon 35,000 men. It is generally as?
sumed that this brigade is going to Join
Lord Roberts, but Its destination is
reo lly unknown.
The Doers have issued a note to Por?
tugal regarding the use by the British
of the Uelrn route for the transporta?
tion of troops to Rhodesia und this
may, if the Doers act against Portugal,
lead Great Britain to land troops at
Lourenso Murques. This possibility lias
been seriously discussed and is referred
to at length in tiie mortilng papers to?
BOER PEACE COMMISSIONERS.
The work of the Boer Peace Com?
missioners lias begun, Mr. Fischer has
asked Daly to intervene, and the Ital?
ian Minister of Foreign Affairs, tho
Marquis >ii Viscotiti-Yenosta, lias repli?
ed that while ho would receive the en
voys, tile best be could do would be to
transmit their proposals to London,
thus following the course of the United
Sir Alfred Milhcr when replying to n
deputation of clargymen in Cape Town
yeaterdny (Thursday) said:
"Never H3ntn must be- the motto of
nr. thinking and humane men, but not
from lust of couaucst of a desire to
trample on the gallant, ir misguided,
'j lu re must l.er ii.i > oinpronilse or patch?
work in the settleiheni and no opportu?
nity for misunderstanding. Intrigue, the?
re vival oi Impossible ambitions, or the
aci umulatloh or enormous armaments.
"The British will*no longer tolerate
dissimilar and antagonistic political
systems In n country which nature and
history have declared to be one."
In these absolute utterances of Sir
Alfred Milner he speaks for the Im?
A TREMENDOUS ARMY,
It Is calculated that Lord Roberts
now has 1214,000 effective troops, with
12.01 0 more afloat or under orders. The
War Ofliee has instructed officers not to
take any more expanding bullets to
Africa for revolvers.
Hlldyard Steyh, brother of President
Steyn, in the course of an interview at
"The original war plan of the Doers
v.;is to overrun all Cape Colony, but on
becoming involved In the sieges of
Kimberlcy and Ladysmlth the burghers
found Hie design spoiled. To this I at
trlbutc the Doer failure to conquer the
British. I expect the war to last until
The seventh month of the war is be?
ginning with Easier-tide, and the
morning paper editorials expatiate
upon the need of soberness.
Pretoria. Wednesday, April 11.?A
heavy cannonade was heard this morn?
ing in the direction of Dult Fonteln,
situated midway between Windburg
and Boshof, In tho Orange Free State,
and north of Brandfort.
TUE BRITISH REPULSED.
Advices from the Boer headquarters
in Natal say that after a heavy bom?
bardment the British are retiring in the
direction of Ladysmlth and the Fede?
rals are going to their old positions.
BRITISH FORCE SURROUNDED.
Advices from Wepener, where a Brit?
ish force is surrounded, say the battle
continues favorable to the Federals.
About 1.600 British troops are said to be
CAUSE OF BOER ACTIVITY.
Bloemfonteln, April 11.?According to
information received here the Boer ac?
tivity eastward of the railroad nnd in
proximity to the border in largely due
to the fact that Presidents Kruger and
Steyn have found they are unable to
keep their forces together in inactivity,
the burghers declaring they are un?
willing to remain with their commands
unless actively employed, as they are
convinced the British game Is a wait?
ing one. It is believed tho Boer move?
ment was originally designed to oblige
Lord Roberts to weaken his force at
Bloemfonteln In order to protect the
railroad, when the Boers would have
attempted to recapture the capital. But
the burghers are evidently Ignorant of
the enormous forces Lord Roberts has
Boers are busily entrenching their posl
at his disposal. ^
lion east of Brandfort running parallel
with the railroad, while still strongly
holding the Watervnl drift water?
Pretoria, Wednesday, April 11. The
Free State Gazette publishes orders to
the effect that no person who has been
commandeered for active service has1
the right to send a substitute without
the consent of the Landrest.
Tn reference to leaves of absence, the
Gazette says that 10 per cent, of each
command will be.relieved by ballot for
periods of twelve days. This Is Intend?
ed to meet the wishes of the burghers
desiring to plant their crops.
Cape Town. April 12.?The British
steamer Monterey; Captain Parry,
which sailed from Halifax March 17
with Lord Strathcona and Mount
Royals contingent of Canadian troops
on board, has arrived here.
SPOONF.R PHILIPPINE RILL?SU?
GAR TRUST?QUAY CASE.
(By Telegraph to Vlrginian-PlloL)
Washington, April 12,?An effort was
made In the Senate to-day by Mr.
Morgan to displace the present un?
finished business?the Spoouer Philip?
pine bill?by the substitution In its
stead of the Nicaragua canal bill.
While Mr. Morgan'- motion failed 13
to ;IU, the Philippine measure had n
narrow escape from being displaced by
the Alaskan civil code bill on unit inn of
Mr. Cuter, the motion being defeated
on a roll-call 22 to 24.
The feature of the day's proceedings
was an exhaustive discussion of the
Quay case by Mr. Burrows, ut Michi?
IN THE SENATE
OF PORTO RICO.
The President Signs the Tariff
and Civil Government Bill.
AND T S NOW THE LAW
?explanation of the Tariff Section of the r.iil
-How Duties Collected uro to bo Dis?
posed Of Tbc Governmental Provisions
or tho Bill-Hio President to Appoint
nn Kxectltlvo 'council Which Shall ho
the Upper Brandt of the Legislature?
Salaries of Olllccrs.
(By Telegraph to Vlrglnlan-Pllot.)
"Washington, April 12.?The President
at < o'clock this evening signed the
Porto Rlcan tariff and civil government
bill, thus making It a law. Following
is a summary of Ha provisions:
It applies to the island of Porto Rico
and to the ndjacent Islands lying cast
of the seventy*fourth meridian, which
are designated Porto Rico.
TARIFF SECTION OF BILL.
From the date of the passage of the
act the same custom duties are levied
on all goods entering Porto Rico from
foreign countries as are levied on the
same goods entering the United States,
save that coffee, which has free entry
into the United States, is to pay a duty
of live cents per pound on entering
Porto Rico. Scientific, literary and
A Strike on the Southern Railway
Determined Upon Yesterday.
STATEMENT OF GRIEVANCES
The President ?if the Order of Railroad
Telegraphers Slates thai the Kntire
Southern lt.iilroad System. With the V.x
coption of the Louisville Branch Has
Recu Tied Up -Ninety Per Cent. i?r Tel?
egraphers and Uispntehera Obey His
(By Telegraph to Virginian-Pilot.)
Atlanta, Ga., April 12.?The telegra?
phers on the Southern Railway Sys?
tem, who are members of the Order of
Railroad Telegraphers, were ordered on
strike by President Powell at 11 o'clock
this morning. The Southern railroad
officials claim to-night that but ten per
cent, of the men have quit work, while
President Powell says 90 per cent, of
them are out. There has been consid?
erable delay to both passenger and
freight traliic, but the effect of the
walkout is not yet known to the ex?
tent which would warrant an accurate
assertion as to the exact situation,
11 was given out to-night at the of?
fice of Assistant General Superintend?
ent Thompson, of the Southern, that
the places of the seven men who had
struck In Atlanta had been filled, and
Major General Sir Leslie Handle is the officer who has succeeded Major General Gatacrc as commander of the Third
division of General Lord Roberts' army. Gatacrc has never recovered from his humiliating defeat (it Storuiberg. Major
General Sir II. C. Cherniside is said to be slated for another division under Roberts.
The Senate will not be In session
flood Friday, adjourning over until
THE SUGAR TRUST. '
The report upon the legislative, ex?
ecutive and .Indicia! appropriation bill
was ngreed to. Mr. Jones (Arkansas),
chairman of the Democratic National
Committee, under 0 question of person?
al privilege replied t> a statement in
.Mr. Dolliver's speech in the House yes?
terday, in which the lowan, referring
to a proposed amendment that had
been offered by Senator Jones to return
the proceeds of the present Porto Itlcan
customs to those v. ho paid them, said
the passage of th!s amendment would
have given the Ainerican Sugar Refin?
ing Company $n,SO0.0O0, wlilch they
have already paid in cash into the
United States treasury on Imported
Mr. Dolliver had accused Mr. .Tones
of "being in the) same conspiracy."
Mr. .Jones, rcpjylrig, said he had never
looked to see who had paid these reve?
nues, nor whore the money would go;
that men more famili?r with the sugar
trust's doings knew more than he did
as to what the trust had paid into the
Treasury, and his amendment was as a
matter of Justice to all.
THE QU.\Y CASE AGAIN.
Mr. Rurrows spoke. He maintained
the Governor clearly had no constitu?
tional authority to appoint Mr. Quay
or any one clse/ub the Senate; that this
point was decided in the Corbett case
two years ago. and the cases were
identical save a.s to the parties.
Mr. Penrose jit that time, he said,
voted against .Mr. Corbet:, and Mr.
Continued on Page 6.
artistic works find books r.nd pamphlets
printed in the English language may
enter Porto Rico free of duty. The
tariff section of the bill relating to
duties between the United Slates and
Porto ltico is as follows:
"That on and after the passage of
this net all merchandise coming Into
tile United States from Porto Rico and
coming into Porto ltico from the
United Stales shall be entered at the
several ports of entry upon payment of
16 per cent, of the duties which are re?
quired to be levied, collected and paid
upon like articles of merchandise Im?
ported from foreign countries; and In
addition therelo uirnn articles of mer?
chandise of Porto Rican manufacture
. coming into United States and wlth
i drawn for consumption or sale upon
! payment of a tax equal to the internal
i ryeniie tax Imposed in the United
States upon the like articles of mer?
chandise of domestic manufacture,
such tax to be paid by Internal reve?
nue stamp or stamps to be purchased
nnd provided by the Commissioner of
Internal Revenue, and to be procured
from the Collector of Internal Revenue
at or most convenient to the iiort of
entry of ?aid merchandise into the
United Stales, and to be afiixed under
such regulations as the Commissioner
of Internal Revenue, with the approval
of the Secretary of the Treasury, shall
prescribe; and on nil articles of mer?
chandise of United States manufacture
coming into Porto Rico, In addition to
the duty above provided, upon pay?
ment of a tax equal in ralfc and amount
to the internal revenue tax imposed
in Porto Rico upon the like articles of
Porto Rican manufacture: Provided,
that on and after the date when this
Continued on Page 6.
that the dispatchers on all divisions
centering here are at work. No serious
delay, the ollleiuls say, has been
caused, excepting hi the case of the
Washington limited due here at 4 p. m.
and a local passenger, which loft this
morning tor Richmond. The Washing?
ton limited arrived four hours and a
half late, and the Richmond local was
taken up near Cornelia, Ga... by the
vestibule, which left here for Wash?
ington at noon.
Mr. W. V. Powell, president of the
Order of Railway Telegraphers, gave
out the following statement to-night:
"Reports from every division of the
Southern Railroad show that the en?
tire system, with the exception of the,
Louisville branch, is tied up complete?
ly so far as freight trains are concern?
ed, an:l that passenger trains are being
run only under great difficulty. All
passenger trains are from three to
seven hours late, and are making very
"Our members on the Birmingham,
Knoxville, Charlotte, Danville, Chatta?
nooga, Asheville. Washington. Colum?
bia.' Raleigh and Lynchburg divisions
wire that the condition of affairs I.-;
very encouraging to the men and that
fully I'D per cent, of the telegraphers
and dispatchers are on a strike. On the
Alabama Great Southern every man
struck except one north of Birming?
ham. I am in position to state posi?
tively that more than 90 per cent, of the
i telegraphers quit work, the claims of
the company to the contrary notwith?
THE ORDER ISSUED.
I Atlanta, Ga.. April 12.?After a strike
had been determined upon nnd the pre
I llmlnarles bud been arranged, a few
minutes before 11 o'clock President
i Powell sent the following wire message
' to all the telegraphers on the Southern
railway system, extending from Alex?
andria, Val, to Meridian^ Miss.:
Atlanta. Ga.. April 12.
To all Telegraphers Employed on the
Turn your board red and quit work I
at It o'clock to-day, Thursday, April
12. Perform no service of any klau*.
Stand firm and victory is ours.
(Signed) \V. V. POWELL,
President Order ot Railroad Telegra
THE PRESIDENT'S STATEMENT.
Responses to this order began coming
into the headquarters of the telegra?
phers at 021 Kimb.ill House rapidly,
stating what uction had been taken by
the operators on the different divisions.
A force of clerks at the same lime was
busily engaged mailing a circular state?
ment; officially signed by President
Powell, calling upon the telegraphers to
quit their work and unite In a deter?
mined effort to brltig about a sueeess
lt:l conclusion of the strike.
The statement contains the griev?
ance of the telegraphers- It says:
"In accordance with the constitution
of the Order of Railway Telegraphers,
1 hereby approve a strike on Ihe lines
of the Southern and Alabama Great
Southern railways, effective 11 a. ml,
April 12, 1900. all efforts to effect an
amicable settlement of the difficulties
"The strike is on.
"Six hundred and eighty-five tele?
graphers and other station employees
vi.tea in favor and KU against.
"Many non-union members will stand
by the order.
'?The telegraphers, dispatchers .nnd
station employees of tin? Southern and
Alabama Great Southern railways are
determined to make a united stand
against Industrial oppression.
WHY STRIKE WAS GALLED.
"The strike was called for the follow?
"To secure reinstatement of its mem?
bers who wore discharged by the
"For the rieht to be heard through
committees In the adjustment of Indi?
"For a set of rules and rates of pay
to govern train dispatchers, telegraph?
ers, agents and other station employees
in their employment, discipline, etc.
"Twelve consecutive hours work per
day where one or two telegraphers arc
employed. Including one consecutive
hour dinner; leu consecutive hours, In?
cluding meal hour, in all relay, dis?
patchers' offices and offices where more
than two telegraphers are employed,
except Hint this rule will not make
working hours more than those that
may now be effective.
"Eight consecutive hours for train
"Pay for overtime for telegraphers,
dispatchers and others in excess of the
above hours, but nothing less than 25
cents per hour.
"To abolish the practice of compell?
ing agents to load cotton and the per?
formance of other menial labor.
"A minimum wage scale of $ir> nnd
?i0 per month, according to territory or
"One hundred and twenty dollars per
month for trick dispatchers.
"The securemojit of fair nnd equitable
rules regarding promotion."
Regarding the causes leading up to
the present strike, President Powell
"This action was made necessary by
the refusal of the company to treat
with Its employes in the telegraph de?
partment. Instead of treating with the
men the company waged an outrage?
ous secret warfare on the telegraphers,
discharging the men who dared to re?
present their brother operators by
serving on committees. More than
twenty c'ommittoemeri have been dis?
charged. Dozens of members of the
Order of Railroad Telegraphers em?
ployed on Hi,. Southern have been dis?
charged because o? thlr membership.
"Failing in their effort to secure
hearings from the local superintendents
and then from til" general officers of
the company at Washington, the men
had no other alternative than to ap?
peal to the organization to which they
belonged for protection,
"t proposed in this message to Mr.
Gapnon that If the company and its
telegraph employes were unable to
agree as to the matters In dispute they
desired to present that the telegraphers
would agree to submit the matter to
arbitration, three arbiters to be ap?
pointed, one each, by the company mid
telegraphers, and the third by the two
arbiters so selected. This proposition
was made for the solo purpose of sug?
gesting a menus by which the dtffer
encs might be adjusted without resort
Ing to a strike with Its consequent re?
sult. T also ngrfed to submit the mat?
ter to Mr. W. H. Baldwin, Jr., presi?
dent ot ihe Long Island Railroad Com?
pany, of New York.
"All of there overtures on behalf of
the telegraphers wore rejected by the
company, and the officers refused ab?
solutely to treat with their men.
"In the effort to secure a peaceable
adjustment of the troubles, lite matter
was appealed to Mr. Samuel Spencer,
president of the Southern Railway, at
New York, who was asked to Inter?
vene with the view of averting a
strike. Mr. Spencer'8 secretary wired
me yesterday that the prsldent of the
Southern had been very ill several
weeks, nnd was not able to consider
such an important matter. This closed
the door to the telegraphers, they hav?
ing exhausted every means in their
power to secure hearing by the offi?
cials. There was nothing left to do ex?
cept to strike, and this morning I call?
ed out nil the members of my organiza?
tion employed on the southern Railway
and ihe non-members who are in sym?
pathy with its."
EFFECT OF THE ORDER.
The situation, summarised, is about
At numerous points on the Southern
and ltd branches only a few operators
went out, while at others the order of
President Powell was obeyed to the let?
The officials of the Southern, antici?
pating the strike, gave orders thnt en?
gineers run freiglit trains by the card
A telegraph operator Is cnrrled on
nearly every passenger train engine.
At 12 o'clock last night Gneral Super?
intendent Harrctt. of the Southern,
made the statement at Knoxvllle that
only r>2 telegraphers on the entire sys?
tem had struck.
All trains are running behind time.
What is Thought of Strike of
Southern Railway Telegraphers.
DANVILLE OPERATORS QUIT
The Kecent Mnnirlpnl KIcctlon Likely to
Breed Considerable Troublo?A Con
ilemneil Scott Couuty Man Establishes
His Innocence and is Restored to Citi
izcnsltlp ? A Portsmouth Minister Do?
t-lines u College Presidency ? Summer
Schools for White Teachers.
(Special to The Virglnlan-PIlot.)
Richmond. Va? April 12.?The order
Issued this morning by Preslden W. V.
Powell, of tl-.e Order of Railway Tele?
graphers, directing a general strike on
the Southern railway system created
considerable excitement for a time In
railroad' circles h.-.e. but the officials
of the road located here made light of
It. saying that only a few of the men
would go out. Even in the event that
the whole force struck, there would be,
they said, but little delay in business,
as a number of their clerks, who were
formerly telegraph operators, would
Immediately take the places of the
It is understood that all the operators
at Danville stopped work, with the ex?
ception of one. The man in charge at
Keysvllle also left, but a substitute at
i. nee took Ills place. The officials ap?
prehend some delay In freight traffic,
but say that their passenger service
will not be at all Impeded.
THE RECENT PRIMARIES.
The result of the recent municipal
election here seems likely to breed con?
siderable trouble in the Democratic
ranks. Mr. II. Claiborne Epps. who was
defeated for the City Sergeantshlp, a
place which Is said to pay about $1,200v
a year, is claiming that there were
many irregularities in one of the pre?
cincts. He was only beaten by 164 votes,
and if this precinct can be thrown out
he would be elected by a majority of 70
A Judge at the precinct in question
says that two men voted there after
having previously cast their ballots at
another place, and that one man voted
on a forged transfer.
The question that Is agitating the
Democrats most, however, la the at?
tempts being made by the negro cle?
ment to secure control of Jackson
Ward, wlhch Is the black belt of tho
city. This ward, where the negroes out?
number the whites about four to one,
has been made to return a Democratic
majority for some years.
RESTORED TO CITIZENSHIP.
Governor Tyler restored the rights of
Conally Fields, who In ISSt was con?
victed by a Judgment of outlawry for
a crime committed In Scott county,
the indictment charging him with the
murder of W. A. Scott. Fields ttod
from the State and the charge was
never pressed. Evidence has <dnce been
submitted proving him Innocent of tho
crime, and a pardon has been granted.
This case is one unique in Virginia
annals, similar action in a Ilka case
having never been taken. Scott Is now
living in the West, and is prosperous.
DECLINED A PRESIDENCY.
-Itev. R. Fletcher Readies, now of
Portsmouth, but formerly of Fair
mount Avenue Church, has been offer?
ed the presidency of a college In
Athens, Ga.. at a salary of $2,r>00 a year,
lie declined the offer. He thought he
should remain in Portsmouth, where he
Is very popular, and he Is now building
a fine church.
The following appointments for the
summer schools for white teachers
have been made by the Department of
Lexington?Superintendent J. Sidney
Savllle,Lexington, local manager; Prof.
Charles H. Winston, LL. D., Richmond
^ College, conductor and Instructor la
theology and practice of teaching; Prof.
Henry Alexander White, Ph. D., Wash?
ington and Lee University, American
history and civil government; Prof. J.
Leslie Hull, Ph. D., William and Mary
College, English language and litera?
ture; Principal James R. Guy, Bedford
City Pub!',? Schools, arithmetic and
algebra; Mrs. M. S. Moffett, Rockbridge
Public Schools, geograhpy and physio?
logy. .Mrs. William M. Perkins. Pulnskl
Public Schools, primary methods: Miss
Maud W. Hyde, Covlngton Publio
Schools, spelling, reading and nature
Palrfleld, near Richmond?Superin?
tendent John K. Fussell, Henrlco coun?
ty, local manager; Principal W. A.
Crenshaw, Fairfleld, assistant; Prof.
Thomas J. Stubbs, Ph. D.. William and
Mary College, conductor and Instructor
in theory and practice of teaching;
Principal James P. Britt, Norfolk Pub
Continued on Page 6.
OTHER TELEGRAPH PAGE 6
CLASSIFICATION OF NEWS.
Telegraph News--Pages I, and 6.
LocjI News ?Pi?-s 2, 3, 5 ana II.
Virgin? News?Page S.
North Caroiini News?Pace 7
Portsmouth News?Page 10 and li.
Berkley News?Page I t.
I Shipping?Page 9.
j Real Estate?Page 12.