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WIK VIRGINIAN AND DAILY PILOT
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R. E. TURNER.
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THE VIRGINIAN A NO PILOT PUB?
SATURDAY. DECEMBER ::?. 19 '
PRURIENCY IN PLAYS.
Play-goers, who stop to think about
it, are apt to be struck with the fact
that so large a percentagd of the plays,
stnged today, are based upon the laclt
assumption that to be entertaining n
play must contain a tinge of pruriency.
Many do not slop with a tim;e. hut
make it the basic idea. Premising
'that no criticism of the local theatre
is Intended, or of that particular piny,
more than another, lako the "Three
Musketeers," which was presented here
the other evening, it is considered a
clean and meritorious play, as plays
go, and yet not one of the principal
feminine characters was a pure and
loyal woman ns judged by ordinary
standards. Indeed, each of the three
principal characters was an unfaithful
wife, and (in the case of tho Queen
and hep waiting woman) disloyalty
was made to appear as a heroic and
commendable thing: and the climax of
the play was the triumph of the Qu?'<
In avoiding deetcctlon. The uudlence
applauded vigorously. The obvious
lesson was thai so the "eleventh" coin
mandment/'Thou shall not bo found
out," is observed, it dots not matter
as to the seventh commandment.
This raises the natural inquiry!
"Have play-wrlghts and managers
found by experience that nasttneas, In
some proportion, is a necessary ele?
ment In a play?" Have they found
that a play lacking this element will
not 'Mr.nw'"?TIlfTi- I rill !)?? Tin l|Mi-'
tiori that this quality Will always draw
u certain class, but we do not believe
that the question is to be answered
with a sweeping afllrtnatlve. On the
contrary. It is probable that pruriency
is used to make up fur dramatic and
artistic shortcomings. Recognizing
that this quality will always appeal to
a certain considerable clientage, a
dash of It is added as n matter Of
course, even when it is not the central
Of course, mistiness does no harm to
them that naturally like it. indeed ??
does not do any particular harm to the
average man, who Is apt to be more
or less familiar with It. Only tv.,>
often he could give the playwright
valuable hints as to the realism of i;.
But, to a large percentage of play?
goers, this sort of thing is not a mat?
ter of course. To them it does harm.
The average morality of plays Is below
the average morality of society. The
well reared young girl, in the season
of theatre-going, will be familiarized
with a phrase of life of which she had
hitherto been entirely Ignorant and
free from its contaminating effects, and
a glamour is thrown about it that of>
scures 'the hledous and the repulsive
features. Her sensibilities are apt to
be either shocked or blunted by it.
We have no purpose to preach, but
to make the practical point that this it
an unnecessary 'sacrifice, in real liiv,
men and women keep their sins to^
themselves. They are never or rarely
obtruded on the attention of others,
voluntarily, and when obtruded, ;,t all,
the lesson Is always unpleasant. The
stage has, therefore, made It Its busi?
ness to make public tlie secret sins of
Eoclefy.; not always for the pur;. i>r
showing the natural sequence of offense
and penalty, but more often to teach
that ovll may be done with Impunity;
that with ordinary care and Shrewd
rresflj It is possible to "cut one's cake j
and have it."
This is, we submit, not realism. It 1
is not in accord'with the facts of life.
Experience repudiates it. But the in?
experienced (they who are Ignorant of
the facts of life), how shall"they know
that the glamour Is as artificial as the
rouge and the footlights? "We are no}
emphasising the point that this is not
morality, but that It is not art, which
Is the usual excuse offered for it. To
say it doti harm i? a inert truism^ our
contention Is that it does harm unnec?
essarily and wantonly; harm that
would not be done in any other way;
and that to achieve this purpose, even
the basic rules of dramatic art itself
THE MAKING OF A WARRIOR.
If it accomplish no other purpose,
the Boos investigation will, at least,
have poured a Hood of light upon the
making of a full-Hedged warrior with
au insatiate desire for carnage and the
glory that can be had In portable
quantities only "i' the imminent, dead?
ly breach." We find, for example, in
the testimony of Cadet Brown, of Vir?
ginia, Ibis delicious bit descriptive of
the diversions by which upper-class
men while away the dreary tedium of
camp and barracks, and at 'the same
time teach the raw and truculent
"pleb" how to demean himself on the
battlefield or In the boudoir:
"What besides 'bracing' do you re?
quire a fourth class man do to?" In?
quired General Brooke.
"We have them do ridiculous forma?
tions, one ot which we call the 'barn?
"The men are designated by names
Of barnyard animals, and when they
are told to form they Imitate thQ
noises made by the animals."
"Is any force used?"
"Do you make' them do anything you
, "No. they are told to do it. and they
? ncrally do anything they are told."
In case of war with Germany.
France, England or any of the first
class powers, fancy the gelid terror
that would seize the craven limbs of
the erstwhile haughty squadrons from
cfiV>te- Europe, as our own ferocious
warriors, of West Point antecedents,
rushed to (he fray, bleating like sheep,
squealing like the porker that Is tho
s ource of so much of our national pride
and profit; bellowing like prize bulls
at a country fair, quacking like ducks
in search of a morning bath, and bray?
ing like the noble animal that has fig?
ured so conspicuously in history, from
m to Blanco. Neither the rehel
yell, nor the war-hoops of the festive
?Apache; at" calculated to (brow such
confusion and dismay into tin enemy's
cohorts as the martial music which
Cadet Bfown so ignobly designated au
"innking noises like the animals." In?
deed, the last requisite of tillering
pride find eclat upon the military ca?
reer mapped out for the nation; has
been supplied by these revelations as
?to West Point tactics, R'ia permitted
us to grasp the orec'ous assurance that
where'er our conquering legions go. the
sweet notes of peace and domesticity
will mingle freely ?iih the harsher
sounds of war. presaging the coming
of that gloiious 'time ' when the war
drum throbs no longer and the battle
Hag is furled, i" the parliament of man
and the barnyard of the world."
GRANTING ("ONci'SilONS IN
I'mler the scheme of government for
Porto Bird as formulated by Congress,
the Executive Council is appointive and
serves as at' upper house of the insular
Legislature, the lower, house of which
Is elected by I he Porto P.iean.i. The
Executive Council, ?ogi?th?r'*W'lh the
Governor, Is in practical control of the
affairs of tho Island. The Associated
Press correspondent at Son Juan tends
this interesting and suggestive account
lit IIP- bi.i!,:iei in umih the Execulive
Council dees business:
"The Executive, Council is daily hold?
Ihg 'secret' exccuilvo sessions behind
closed doors. These are for ihc pur?
pose of rbusldpl lug franchises and
other matters over which the counr'l
has exclusive iurisdlctlon The public
is not informed of the nature of (hose
discussions. The only bill pnsfrrd l?v
lite llotiise to d.'te Is (hat 'declaring the
office of delegate incompatible with
other public offices." "
When the law was passed by Con?
gress making Porlo Eicon satrapy, the
Vlrglnlan-Pllot predicted that the ron
ccssfon of all the valuable franchises
in Potto Rico, to administration favor
ites. would be one of the first steps of
the new government. The prediction
seems to bo in process of fulfillment.
The supposition Is warranted that it
the Executive Council were proceeding
with an eye single to the welfare of
the island it would not be transacting
business behind closed doors, particu?
larly since the Porto Rican .system, a .
an innovation, is naturally regarded
with suspicion and .distrust by Porto
Rtcnns and Americans alike. Every
consideration of propriety demands thai
all the facts as to insular transactions,
of a iiscal nature, should lie open to (he
closest public scrutiny, in this country
nnd in Porto Rico. Instead of this, we
find th.- Executive Council, AN ?NO
MALY IN THE AMERICAN SYSTEM
bP GOVERNMENT (and mainly an
alien bod in Porto Rico), granting in
secret concessions thai will be Inti?
mately . .-? .1 with the future de?
velopment of the Inland, and that may
be worth millions to the beneficiaries.
This is a proceeding utterly at variance
with American precedent ami one that
would not be tolerated for an instant
by public opinion in this country; it
is? a lamentable proof that the worst
.fears, as to mismanagement ami shady
practices in the administration of Porto
Ricnri affairs, an- likely to be realized.
Chicago la experiencing the biggest
sensation since the lire?a police?
man has shot a hold-up man.
A SOUTHERN SCHOOL QF
President Pulton, in his annual ad?
dress to the Southern Educational As?
sociation, as given In our dispatches
yesterday, touched upon the weakest
point In the South's educational sys?
tem when lie said:
"The greatest educational need of the
South today is at .least one institution
eminently lltted by its material equip?
ment, its means of support and its en?
vironment to command and hold with?
out challenge the position of leader In
technical training among the inslltu
tlons about It. No one of the State In?
stitutions can claim that position for
our section. Each is restrained by un?
avoidable limitations In Us material
foundation, its resources, or Its envi?
ronment.' The various efforts for the
establishment of a National University
In Washington, even if successful,
would not create the InstituUan we
now noort for giving tone and power to
technical education in our section."
This observation of President Fulton
cannot be gainsaid. In nearly, or quite
every Southern State, there arc schools
mainly technical in training. They
were established to meet a sharply felt
need and are doing excellent work so
far as they go, but without exception
they are hampered 'by lack of funds,
and their curricula necessarily stop
short of the highest requirements of
the South for technically trained men.
The result is that young men from this
section who wish to take advanced
technical courses are compelled to go
to Northern schools, where the courses
a.re not arranged with a special view to
the industrial neods of the South, which
are not always the same as those of
the North. Apart from this drawback,
for the student of limited means the
mere item of traveling oxpenses from,
say, Atlanta to Boston is not a negligi?
ble quantity. Hundreds of young men
are thus compelled to go without that
thorough technical training they could
secure if the South had a Massachu?
setts Institute of Technology.
Urgent as is tho need of such an in?
stitution, however, it is likely to be
years before the South secures it.
unless some benefactor now unknown
shall see fit to devote a few millions
to lt3 establishment. Nevertheless it
is well that the matter should bo
agitated by Southern 'educators now;
by and by the means will b? found to
give the project practical shape.
There are some people who seem to
think that the President is capable <>r
euiiliiK two dozen Christmas tuikeys in
one day.?Baltimore News.
Mr. McKinley has set Uncle Samuel
a gastronomic task of considerable
mure difficulty than that.
A Washington correspondent discov?
ered in one day that 'here will bo no
extra session of Congress and who will
be the next Democratic nominee for
Picsidenl. Each of the discoveries uro
about equally startling.
Next week the new administration ai
Albany will *?ntor upon Ms career under
iha mos? promising auspices.? N. V.
Mall and Express.
This is calculated to give Hon. Blllhu
Boot <) pain. The "promising auspices"
lit used to provide at Albany were of
no mean or mcagn* quality.
Both in the F*ur?h and Ninth Con?
fessional districts of Virginia notice
of contest has been served upon the
Democratic Congressmen - elect. In
lie! I her case docs there seem to be any
?alld grounds of contest. In the
Fourth, specilic instances of ft and are
not even alleged. Congress owes it to
th?? country to put an end* to these bi
cnulal raids oh the treasury by defeat?
ed Republican candidates from ihc
South on iBe: flimsy pretext of contest?
ing tho scots of Democratic Congress?
men. The evil has reached a point
where unscrupulous men will soon be
scheming foi Republican nominations,
in hopelessly Democratic districts, foi
iho sole puipose of securing the Con?
gressional allowance for contests.
As was to be expected, :.ie Emperor
of China is not disposed to concede to
lllp terms submitted by the powers?
iciins which entirely destroy China's
claim 10 be a sovereign nation by Qbro-t
ga'ing to tho powers the right to per?
petual meddling in her Internal affairs,
and which w ould make ?the Emperor a
virtual prisoner in his own palace, lb
no doubt argues that if the powers au?
to dictate Chinese policies, they should
assume the responsibility of adminis?
tration Instead of seeking tomakeof him
mere cat s-paw to rake their chest?
nuts on! of iho fire. As we have said
before, the terms are clearly Impossi?
ble, ami If accepted by the Emperor
will never be complied with. The pow
crs are in a hole and tho Emperor's
advisers are thoroughly aware of it.
Speaking of the South's enormous In?
dustrial growth since the civil'war, the
Cnlveslon News says it has been in
large measure due to the Southern
; rosa, it very pertinently observes:
"Long before the South had climbed
out of the cotton furrow or the corner?
stone of a factory hnd been laid, her
I ress was preaching diversity of crops,
diversity of Industries and her orator
editors were proclaiming it from the
housetops.* The very sc..(is of the new
South's teeming industrial life today
were sown by the Intelligence, the far?
sightedness and the persistence of her
urban and country newspapers. They
were about the first things following
Appomattox to get a move on them,
and they have never stopped since."
These are, Indeed, about the facts in
GE?:'?HAL PRESS COMMENTS.
PELLET GROWS CLAD.
The most excited rejoicing over the
Republican victory comes from an un?
expected quarter. Down in Bnrrnn
qullla, in the republic of Colombia, is
printed under the unobtrusive title of
"The Shipping List," a paper that ex
plodes with delight over the McKinley
victory. An eagle Dears a big streamer,
which hurrahs In red Ink freely printed
thereon.' Below the pictures of Mc?
Kinley, and of the Democratic donkey,
the food for crows. The American Hag
in colors appears on the fourth page,
and there are numerous editorials con?
signing Crok?r to the gallows and Mc?
Kinley to the pantheon. E. P. Pcllett
Is the editor.
(St. Louis Republic.)
And now If the ship subsidy bill falls
of passage there will be some reason to
believe that the American people still
have a voice in the American govern?
TWO CENT RAILROAD MILEAGE.
(Iowa State Register.)
A bill is now being drawn for pre?
sentation at the next meeting Of the
Illinois legislature, providing thai the
maximum rate tor the transportation
of passengers "In that Slate shall be
two cents pet* jnllc, and it is stated .that
the lobbyists of the railroads In In?
diana, Iowa and many other Western
States besides Illinois will j bo busy
from this time on in lighting the
enactment of any such laws. The In?
dications point to the passage of the bill
by the- Illinois Assembly. The country
members, who are usually willing to
vote for anything that will annoy a
railroad, are almost unanimously in
favor of the movement and there will
bo a spirited light over the measure.
A similar bill is being prepared for
presentation In Indiana! such a mea?
sure having been passed by the last
Indiana House only to be defeated In
the Senate. 'Titere seems to be a gen
oral movmcnt toward the two cent
mileage movement and in addition to
that the proposed legislation includes
a mileage book Pleasure that will regu?
late this form of transportation; while
(?Ulli another feature will be a measure
to reduce the prices to be charged In
the sleeping oars. This last measure
will require tho sleeping car company
to sell seat accommodations for a sum
not to exceed 35 cents for each 100
miles, and the passenger shall not bo
required lo pay mote than 50 ocrots
for a single or $1 for an tipper berth
for every 100 miles traveled. Tho rail?
roads say that two cer,t mileage Is un?
reasonable in the extreme and that it
will bankrupt some of the smaller
roads. The reduction would cut down
the passenger receipts one-third, and
it is a matter to be carefully Investi?
gated before being decided upon. ?
TUB PANAMA LOR BT.
t Washington Times.)
At the risk of appearing cynical, wc
have repeatedly warned the friends of
th" Nicaragua canal Ithat the great
national enterprise in question was in
the greatest danger from insidious
Work Of the Panama canal lobby. A
politico-financial porty close to the ad?
ministration, an Is well known, holds a
cheap opt'on on i lie old do Lcsscps
scheme and risse?tH. It stands lo win
anything from thirty to fifty million
dollars if th" Nicaragua project, can be
killed nnd tho Panama lizzie unloaded
on the nation.
'THE WORLD ONE HUNDRED
YEARS AGO TO-DAY."
(Copyrighted, lfl"0. hy R, is. Hughes,
Two remarkable books from the- pen
of Johann GotIHeb Klebte, one of the
mo.si eminent, modern German inolii
pbyslclans, appeared. One was ''voca?
tion of Man. ' which for beauty of
stvle, richness of contents and eleva?
tion Of thought, may be ranked with
tho V?lodli?tions" of Descartes; the
other, "The Exclusive or Isolated Com?
mercial State.'' a treatise Intensely so?
cialist in torn- and bitterly opposed to
free trade nnd nampc-liilph, inculcating,
in fact, organized protection.
Guyton do Morvoau. the distinguish?
ed French chemist, who had previously
dlscovei.-d the Hlicacy of hydrochloric
ga*i as tin atmospheric disinfectant, tyo
ontho mns'tei ol the mini In France.
De Morvoau is douh less responsible
for the proverbial hatred accorded all
lightning rod agents. His fellow-cltl
zcn<t, accusing him of "presumptuously
di.aimmg the b.tml of Ihn Supremo
Being." sought tu iU itroy the li;:h';.
ing c.ondm tor on M<>r\ can's house ai d
were rest t a Me ii froni carrying out Heir
lot. ni ion;; by th" ni .Ii. nice 'thai I he
astonishing virtue of the apparatus re
elded In the elided point, which bad
purposely ho n sen from Borne by the
Holy Ffttb"r." m...-. <? ??<? was > ... i I
V'-m:-- In advance of his neighbors in
the n=e <>r ;, lightning rod of his own
6 m *
fplytVliilig, a method In one of (he
bram i.?i.i printing;, was Invented.'
Tli<- nr-i ..ratlin niewhal resembled a
pile-drive' It had two uprlghl guides
.-ihm.i itv f.. : hi; b. nnd ,i pulley at the
top. ?ylilch f.leyhted moans of n rope
n hon?v pinto i-i on Inverted position.
AI the fm.i of Ih' machine was a spiv
slant it.I iron lied, upon which th" oper?
ator i laird pome molten metal, lie
then pnilcd the- tope until the matrix
with its w. ij 1 i attached was elevated
to I he top r.f liio machine, when it. was
.suddenly allowed lo frill. Tin: result
was similar to thai made on metal by
means of a die a perfect reproduction
of a matrix .in relief, which was
mounted on a metal stand to type
height. The method whs sail to be
move rapid than the- ordinary stereo?
* * -
Count Rorawln "kl. a Polish dwarf,
though fit years old. continued to at?
tract intention throughout iSuropc. Ho
was a little gentleman of great accom?
plishments and elegant manners, Ho
measured only thirty-nine inches in
height. A sister, named Anastasia,
was so much Eh'orlcr she could stand
under his arm. Doth were honored
guests of the courts of the old world.
The promise of Adam G?ttlob Oeh
lenschlnger, now 21 years old. and who
later won for himself th" title of the
greatest of modern Danish poets, was
already widely felt. He had just en?
tered the University of Copenhagen as
a student, but had been publicly in?
vested by Boggeseri, who was leaving
for German)', with the laurel that he
himself was resigning.
David Ricardo, the celebrated politi?
cal economist of England, stumbling
on Adam Smith's great work, first be?
gan n study of (lie science that led him
to fame and fortune. Ho was now "2
? ? *
Osal Tutu Quamipn* an ambitious
and enterprising man. who appeared
early to have formed n desire of open?
ing communications with white na?
tions, became King of Asharitco in
Paul Sandby, founder of the English
school of water-color painting, retired
from the pc'sltlon of chief drawing
master to tho Royal Military Academy
nt Woolwich. England, after a term of
THE LIST' IS GROWING.
For the information of the public the Virginian-Pilot will
from day to day publish a list of the names of business houses
and residences that have discontinued the service of the
Southern Bell Telephone Company. If you have discontin?
ued, or intend to do so, please notify the Virginian-Pilot.
The following list of subscribers, who have ordered their
'phones out, has been furnished the Virginian-Pilot:
ARMSTRONG & BRAINARD. Real estate, 308 Main street.
AMES, BROWNLEY & HORNTHAL, Dry goods and notions, Monticelld
Hotel, corner Granby stre eet and City Hall avenue. ,
EDWARD R. BAIRD, JR., Attorney at law. Lowenburg building.
A. BRINKLEY & CO., Wholesale grocers, 1S7 Water street.
A. BRINKLEY, Residence, 805 Court street. Portsmouth, Va,
CAPT. J. M. BURDEN, Grocer, Church and Nicholson streets.
W. LINDSAY BIBB, Attorney at law, 53 Granby street,
C. H. BULL & CO., .Wholesale lumber, 511 Columbia Bid?
C. H. BULL, , Residence.
CHARLES J. BASSETT, Milliner, 886 Main street. "; !
J. L BUNTING, Grocer and ship chandler, corner Main and Mathew streets,
G. S. BRIGGS & CO., Wholesale lumbe r, rooms 604-508 Citizens' Bank bld'g,
O. BILLUPSrSON & CO.. Manufacturers agricultural Imp., 109-201 Water St.
BRAMBLETO:: LOCAL BOARD OP IMPROVEMENTS.
W. L. BROOKE & CO., Wholesale grocers and provisions, 81 RoanokoTtva.
L. R, BR1TT & CO.. Wholesale grocers, 12 Nivlson street,
CAPT. J. M. BURDEN, Grocer, Church and Nicholson streets.
D. CARPENTER, Furniture and carpets, 35G Main street.
D. CARPENTER, Residence.
COUPER MARBLE WORKS. 159 Bank street >
COURTLAND LUMBER CO., 602-603 Citizens' Bank building.
COLUMBIA PEANUT CO., 307-311 Water street.
CABLERS BAKERY, 66 Bank street.
L. W. DAVIS, Wholesale tobacco and manufacturer of cigars, 94-96 Com4
mere la 1 Place.
GEORGE W. DEY & SONS, General Insurance agents, 2C1 Mala St.
S. DOZIER, Dry goods and notions, 206 Main street.
DUNCAN BROS., Wholesale and retail grocers, 41 Market Place. . J
U. J. DUNNING, * Residence. '?)
J. W. DEJARNETTE, Merchandise brokers, 143 Water street,
J. ENGLE & BRO.. Hardware, cor. Main St. and Roanoke avenue.
E. B. FREEMAN & CO., Lumber manufacturers, 602-603 Citizens' Bank
E. B. FREEMAN, Residence.
R. S. GODWIN & CO., Produce commission merchants, 75 Roanoke avenue.
F. L. GRANDY, Hay, grain and feed. 42 Roanoke avenue.
II. B. GOODRIDGE & CO.. Wholesale grocers. 92-93 Water street.
T. W. GODWIN & CO., Proprietors Virginia Iron Works, 4:2-402 Wrnt<>r ft:-.'-_
J. S. GROVES CO., Wholesale fruit, produce and commission merchants, 39
41 Roanoke square.
.1. HARDY IIENDREN, Marine notary, 51-53 Commercial Place.
HUDSON Sc. BRO., Freight transports tlon, river, bay and sea towing, 68
CALEB HODGES, Grocer, corner Mosely and Chapel streets.
C. II. HOOVER. N. Y. Life Ins. Co., Citizens' Bank Bldg.
W* P. IVES & CO., Wholesale liquor dealers, 99 and 101 Commercial Place.
W. P. IV i;s, Residence, Portsmouth. ,
GALE JEWELRY CO., 310 Main street.
JOHNSON .v DAUGIITREY, Wholesale commission, Roanoke Dock.
A. M. JOHNSON, Contractor and builder. 192 Bank street.
JESSE JONES & SON, Hay, grain and mill feed, 26-30 Roanoke Dock. v '
MKS. R. B. JONES, Residence.
KELLY & BORUM, Wholesale grocers, 38-10 Commerce street.
KELLY, THORNTON & WILLIAMS, plumbers, 174 Bank street.
.1. W. LAWRENCE & SON, Commission merchants, 22 Commerce street.
DR. J. F. LYNCH. Office 201 Columbia building.
LAWRENCE & WELTON, Dry goods and notions, 218 Main street,
MOTTU, DEWITT & CO., Brokers, 31 Granby street.
F. E. NOTTINGHAM, Real estate and rental, Columbia Bldg.
NORFOLK BOAT CLUB, Foot Freemason street.
OLD DOMINION PAPER CO., Paper Dealers and printers, OS-100 Commerz
B. G. POLLARD. Commission merchants, 36 Roanoke Square.
J. W. TERRY & CO.. Cotton factors a nd commission merchants, Fayette,
corner Lee, Southern Railway wharf.
J. W. PERRY. Residence.
THE PETERSBURG. NORFOLK & JAMES RIVER STEAMBOAT CO. .)
J. W. TEDIN & CO., Wholesale gro cers, 49 Commercial Place,
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