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Baii-s--ft(l at toa Richmond (Va.) Pnst-.ffice
SS. fV-eon-l-cls-s misttcr.
TUJ?dDAY, - ? - JUL. ai
Richabo P. Beirne of Hanover.
John T. Harris of Rockingham.
T. R. B. Wright of Essex.
D. Gardner Titler of Charles City.
Tazbwbll Ki.lbtt of Richmond city.
William R. McKewney of Petersburg.
H. O. Peters of Henry.
\V. W.Bbriit of Bedford.
Micajah Woona of Albemarle.
E. K. Meredith of Prince William.
"hn A. Buchanan of Washington
R. B. Poors of Appomattox.
frsjc baw material. tai
Mr. Drexel, the well-known banker of tb
Philadelphia, ia recognized aa a leading
Republican and a bitter high protection
fat and rich upon Ibe bounties they
bare received from a high protective
tariff, and aa protection ia far more a
matter of aelflsbnesa than of principle, be
would not be in accord with his party If
be did not wiah to ace a high and pro?
hibitory tariff maintained. Mr. Drexel
ia abm recognized aa a sagacioua business
man whose shrewdness and capacity
for looking after the mein chsnee,
haa enabled bim to accumulate a
handiome fortune; but though he
looks at tbe Milla bill alone from the stand?
point of selfishness, cold-blooded business
and money making, he ia atill frank
enough to acknowledge tbat it has many
For initance, on the subject of placing
raw material on tbe free Hat?the very
giat and essence of the Milla bill?Mr.
Drexel le of tbe opinion tbat to make free
of daty wool, iron ore, and other raw
material! used lo msoufactures is good
ststeamaaahlp, io that it shows an appre?
ciation of tba nooda of all tbe construc?
tive induatriea, and that Initead of being
a check npon them will tend to-increase
their oatpat, cheapen their price, and
give steadier employment to working
man and mechanic without in any
way cutting down their wages.
He, in approving free raw material!,
givea precedence to wool, knowing that
tbe woolan milla when relieved by the
tariff of 41 pot cant, on raw wool will be
able by the introduction of finer foreign
woola to mix with tbe coarser wools of
tbe United Statea, to Increase tbe variety
and qnality of their productions to an
unpreoedented extent. So oleo free iron
oro will cheapen the coat of iron and
steel, while free kimbar will give an im?
petus to tho boilding trade.
Tha queatlon of free Iroo ore is one
with which the people of Virginia, snd
thia city, Jere mora Intimately concerned.
Here we nave, In our midat, large iron
worka employing numbers of men.
Those worka are greatly dependent upon
importatione of ''bloomB" from abroad in
order to keep up with tho demands
npon thom. Upon tboae blooms and rsw
material they bare tb pay dutiea, thereby
increasing to them tbe coat of their
manufactures and reduotng their profits.
This, of ?wmi-aa,'"' maana a -reduction io
their ability to pay wagaa and so lt operates
directly against tba welfare of the iroo
worker. Yat there are, we learn, iron
workers ta this city who, wish to vote
against tha Democracy beceaee it passed
the Mille Ult, when If they woald think
ot all they woold eeo tbat tbe effect of
tbat bill, la reducing tbe tax ob raw ma?
terial la directly to their benefit.
Tba workingmen, both protected and
not protected, wtll, no doubt,
folly raalixa before the Novem
-baf - -trls-etion tba decided advan?
tage to thom, each Bad all, of free raw
materials. Mr. Drexell ia In opposition
to Uta large nujorlty of bia party la thia
oaattar, bat bia experiaaao and sagacity
eombtaad ooarlnca bim tbat tba aaneral
effect of tbo Milla bill alli be io promote
It is j
BLAINE AND BIB
When Mr. Blslne conto
arith Csrnegle as his boll "kohler ar.J
henchman, ihcn the Rep.''Hean camp
fires aili bc Ugbtecl .sd the r-port will
There are peop'e who l>elieve 'bal Mr.
Blaine ilid not want to tun for President.
but if Mr. Blaine can eel in hi. work to
ibe degree of electing Harrison he i. still
young enough lo look for Hie reversini
of the prlre sud inheritance four years
boote, lt his health bulletin has ai.v
truth tc il at sll, then his years are not
so full s. to debar him from Um hope of
being a .uceessfui candidate in HW.
Ambitious politician, do not MU*
trust their health or years any more
than they do their ability, and me inn.ti
cation of Presidential aspiration liss
possessed Mr. Blaine for a loni? time His j
power as s party leader will lit* -"realer in j
tbe cause of another than in his own, for
though bc may furnish the motive force j
of the canvass he will not he such a
shining target for satire as he was in
1884. A. a wirepulling organizer l.i- is
s great master, and if he bas the heall li
and vigor to make an extendive elect km
cering tour for his party the effect wi 1
be felt all along the line.
However much bis magnetism has bes n
ridiculed it is a great element when
nought lo bear on political wires, and
iis host of friends aro alway* ardent
vhen they feel the touch of the electric
all from the Plumed Knight. His gnni
loint of assault on the Democrats will be
iroteetlon against "free trade," and no
tie knows better than Blaine how to
iask ths ring policy of the party under a
relense of care for American labor.
While his friend Carnegie liss bun
lying him a free excursion on money
lched from the pocket, of the people
n the false principle of protection, Mr.
lai.e ba. been meditating the sly me
iod. of fooling the American voter into
.c Idea that the Carnegie-i nie all Mba*
?ctors to the American working man.
r. Blaine ha. already prepared a
me novel tale concerning the
Hering and writhin. laboring man nf
urope i-ouip.'iied with the beatific cau?
tion of the laborer in America. He
111 not say anything about the laborer j nt
re paying twice as much as he dhu lit i -H
r tbe necessary articles of life. He ?iii f.v
silent on tlie fact that the pet hick ,:
riff lexes the poor man'.-* good-* higher
an those of the rich man.
With the brilliant. f5??i?oiU*
"'".li1" 558 ? ?ill make bells re
?*all the prosperity is to he credited
thc Republicans, and all the disaster
irged to the Democrats.
!t will lie wisc in the Democrats lo
ia heed and mind well the splendid or*
lization of thc Blaine boom intend, d
elect Harrison and also to lix Blaine
the next chance. *
lr. Blaine is not yet sixty, and he has
ken proudly as with a kindred spirit
hose men who sre great, sud in their
ne at eighty.
'he Duke of Marlborough has prc
led to lils last bi ide aud new cst
hes. "a very massive bracelet of din
id. in hoop form and closely let,
ing an enormous cal's' eye in Ihe
Ire an inch aud a quarter in diameter,
to be tbe largest .pei imf a in the
ld, which is also encircled with dia
snsldering that milord the Juke mar
hi. bride so that ho might replenish
scanty treasury with her income of
1,000 a year, the above reads very
h like the story ol' the man who gave
rife $25 to buy himself a Christmas
was decided by Jada* Brewer iu the
i against the Iowa Railroad Cominis
ir. that the .-state has authority to
he rate, of railroad companies, and
the Legislature can coustiiutionally
ate that authority tua commission,
i the exercise of the power the com
on can only be sustained in lixing
that " are reasonable."
viii he seen after a little experience
tbe ability of a State Commission is
a different thing from a National
nission, and how a local State Board
ix the rate, for so many railways as
?se .ome of the States is hard to say.
uthority to fix the rates ought to be
! in one board or none at all.
total revenuo derived by the Brit
nvermnenl from working the tele
lines of the United Kingdom du
ie fifteen year, since it took pos
i of them, h.. fallen short of the
lg expense, and the 3 per cent, on
lount paid for their purchase by
,900, or about 115,000,000. Last
ie deficiency ws. ?471,890, which
s than it wa. in sny previous yesr.
iroposcd to raise the rates charged
'.papers, whicb, it I. .aid, entail
ual lou of t 1,000.000.
id.te Ben Harrison say. that it i.
Republican party that ill-treats
ro* bul the fsult lies in tbe fsct
b "negro often ill-treats himself."
is another good one, after the
leans gave the white scalawags in
th all tbe offices sad only allowed
ired brother the prond privilege
g the roting.
World ssys thst Ells somebody's
ry, " M1m Middleton*. Lover," 1.
much wanner then some otber
>f Ile sort tbst il actually melted
ls of type before sn Inapt ca.ion of
of a li
a bill a
ls of ac
CREAM OF THE PKESS.
LIVELY COMM ESTA OS TOPICS O.
1ST BR BAT.
How tbs Mills Hill Wa. ronni Th rn uah.
The Coming; lanuiissr ol the World
frank Hatton'. In.ult to Itouliing-T
I'rnlsiteil "ilrtttiiftu turf, ami Labor, l.t.
Ok Coirse it Was Forced? Repob
Ileana assert thal Ihe Mills bill was for. ni
through thc House Of course it wit
forced. Thc necessities of tho times ami
Ihe merits of the bill dil Ihe forcim.'.?
Omah,t Ht odd.
The Wolli.d'* I.v.oi'aoe?Tin- world
Banach of tbe future will br* tba Bogltsh
language. No comptomise diiileci or
ariiiiii.l lingo i--. ine.led Slowly bal
stirelv, and with irre?.i,ii!.!c forte, ti.i
woaderfal medium of thought is makin..'
itself universai, and lt is useless for
Dutchmen or Chinook Indians, or any
body else, lo stand up sgsinsl ifs cm
qucring genius?-AT. }'. Hot.
I '..1 ...|X ll li His A XX All..DM? Til''
lollaal i.ouUnger took an airing in the.
para" yesterdsy, and was eoniiorteil lol
his recen* defeat in Ardeche bx tba cheer*
ti a croxvd of street boys. The gamiaa
of Paris ure not v/llliug lo abaadofl their
hero simply because he xxas awkward
'tiouph lo" spit himself on Floc-uel's
\W Old.?Tr i'm hr.
Fame iv tiik Early Da vs ?Samuel B
tooker, who mit-rated IO Indiananolis in
Hjo.ind baa livid thereoloosi ever.-.ime,
lied Sunday a! the ag.* of HS years Ile
vas the original st'un painter in the State,
,nd his Hrs job was for Caleb Scudder,
cabinetmaker, xvhich he nindi' to re.ni
Kalob Skoduer, Kabbinet .Maker" lt
,hs regarded ns a if rent work <?! arl in
hose ilny%?l'inri nnnli EaamsJrt r.
Bi.-I and Worst?The baal thingoa
Ma earth isa happy Btarriege, aad thc
or-ftt Iblng mi unhappy marriage
,'hom God bath Joined U*i-*etber bi bo
ian pm aanader. But whom the devil
ath joined let them ift'" to Chicago I
m a lover of children. When God eire*
man a vvife and six or eil*lil children
e has done sonielliing for him Bot
hen Ile fives him ii wife and a canny
rd Ile has just thrown oil' on him
An AiisriiD Sioiiv ?The story goiag
a rounds nf the press to the tua t thal
?niitor Bidttlilierger, of Virginia, ba*
>! eaten a saeal at an hotel table in
(Ive yeats, hus no f iindalion xvii ii
er When the |n*escitt session opened
, Senator Bustle ihe Metropolitan lintel
i head'|iiarler. for a while, and during
j slay xvas frfqaeatly ttaaoag tba e-aaati
the dinner lulile.? WatMnoton Put.
Prank Ilx'i.'7N.'i i-a'solr ? Should
ulanirer ev. r meet Editor Hatton, Mr
,tlon xviii be cut lo pieces without anj
iliininary challenge, uni should lin
I take hold of the Frenchman, sny
?y would acqnll him. It is a dc?pica
inean and cowardly thing lo cail a
n who is thousands of miles away,
ie Foraker or France." ? Lout* "?
I ria-Jon nod.
"he Nexv Enoland Si iti'i.i - Ac
ding to tba recent census, |be mali | in
cago outnumber the female* lo.iino
sis a pointer for the -ftepoeal of the
ff England surplus.? Chicago Inter
. Great Huon ? Mr Blaine ami Ml
der riding up Broadway side by sile,
wn alni radiant from travel, followed
fifty thousand shout int* RapablioaB,
er tho command of Colonel Ochiltree
IWXaa, WOaid ba a gnat sight. If
incl William F. Cody could be par
led to complete thc group thc Har
n campaign would have an Immense
l-oir. Field Marshal Quay, who has
irii/ina! mind, should consider this
?estion.? .V. Y. Herold.
?otected Manuka) ti-rers and La*
?The protected m.-uiula.turets wiil
for labor no more than thc sum for
li ft can be bought in the open mar
Many of them are triad to lind in a
osed reduction nf the tarifF it pre*
for reducing wages If by meale Itt
arilT or of a combination they <l"ti
heir prolits?as in the cases of thc
icr Bing, the Sugar Trust, and the
ber Bing?they do not double wages
e the Carnegies are journeying to
castles in Scotland their agents are
glocutd-.wn wages in their facto
at home. And while the rings can
tain high prices by the assistance of
rates, Hie price of labor is cou tin ii
issailetl by free immigration ? .Y. Y.
knehie Wants Some Attention,
-Mr. Blaine isn't going to have all
lory of that triumphal entry into
York. His friend Carnegie is to
in for a slice of it himself Car
of his workmen, whose "protected"
es give the oily Scot an im onie of
) a day, are to be brought here lo
e their generous employer, who not
ago closed bis shops rather than
he iron workers a slight increase in
. Elaborate arrangements are bs>
sde to give the men a memorable
y. On their arrival at the dock
Mr. Carnegie Isnds they will be
I with a dinner of sandwiches and
? ale, and on reaching the train for
meward journey they will be given
? ale and sandwiches. To funner
ite tbe gala event each man in the
will be presented with a pamphlet
)ing Mr. Carnegie's proposed giit
brsry to Shsmokln and Mauch
?A. F. Herald.
ernor's Island for a Fare ?
I'ssmau Col, who is greatly inter
in tbe conversion of Governor's
into a marine park for the people,
at the Committee on Military Af
111 soon report formally upon his
the surrender of the island to the
y the Federal Government. Mr.
Vt* Ibal be expects tbat it will pass
ss at tbe present session, ami that
no doubt of iii approval by the
int. Some stress has lieen laid
be fsct thal tho President vetoed
'hich waa passed surrendering to
husetts sn island in Boston Har
iut tbe ground for doini; this was
ly stated by the President to be
>ortance ss a defense against a
enemy. But Governor's Island
> use for tbat with modern artil
d will never again be used ss a
by tbe nation? N. Y. Time*
CUBAN SUGAR PLANTATIONS.
Dreary Reaches of Its*, Tall Chi-aaay.
anti fiord.-- or I_*i-ra_t ttl*. k_
All huge Cuban sugar plantations nr<
alike. Havlm* seen one -roa have aeea all.
so f.ir as external Affair, are concerned
lr is often the case that their owners, tt
lessees, are people of culture and refine
iiieut, and with a host of friend, and visi?
tors about them live here in a .lyle of
affluent elegance for which we can now
find no comparison in our own country.
There wu. n time when wc could. But
thc dreary reaches of cane; the loni*,
snakelike tramways and roads for haul
inc tin* finent?1 loads ol treasure to the
mill; the white tree fringed avenue Wil?
ing fi.'tn thc highway t*i thc bntey or
tan.-Ii-i- upon ivliich all the structures ar>*
ta. efl wit! Martling regularity; the liv.
hedges nf Spanish Imyonet ur IBSMMB
p kl] pear mnl dirk pointed heaiqaen
thal lu uk the conlliies. ur d.vi.ioi?., nf
Hie estate* the tull nnd lonesome chitna.ya
of thc iKtilin*. houses, the glaring white
b'lijiliii.'s from vii luI lo "'ll'SUBBI lets'" tlint
i....lv forever so gno-ily loaaBMM BB? toe
tint- yoarefaslM thepitfkeesaa; the aaa.
roryetoell of Mae?as rates _taMa_BjM of
* ?trsrskM into sugar, un*l the never en.I
lag hordes Bl i.iioiiint Lld. ks swelterin:
ind yelling Uk* demons in their Iuim
i.i'x?r ale one and thu same from one sad
.-f Caba to another.
Tha pi.-intation is .ii;i.h-.i iatoaaaibel
less sqaaras or patehas, aroslasl and from
u.'i,, li. leading direct to the mill, are
fnarda rayos or nada, which arc ba
uaeotl) Inuaseaya with iron hiMiBd
wiKiden rails, where one mule cnn easily
fiinl.li* along with 10,000 pBBB?I of the
glistening cane on cars, Frequent I \
thees _narda rayos radiate in all tlln-i
lions from the batey or si-mire like ile
-I'.'kiM of awheel, lt is one stenrly stream
ol tune day and night to the ponderous
rolls which squeeze it dry ns a bone,
whether ir come- fast or -.lowly, ennwi-e
or sidewise, and leave the rag like,
crushed aaa flattened Mnlk in what i
ealled hag?Mn This, dried in the sun,
i.t..lilies Hie entire fuel of thc never idle
boilers. The screaming and Whining
i.f thees crushing rolls is one of the
nsoet lii.ulii-ioiis noises one ever listened
I,. Thea theta are Ibe tremendous ea
jim'- aad i...Uer- kept endlessly raagiag
by the Inn ning begjuo* Countless ripes
ind liMiires aad the bugs nickel plated
i.a.'iiiiiii pans,'' Imbi shied in polisbed
rrood. where tba nae juice, seeniingly
jual, is kepi at s fearful heal by steam;
Iis gteal rataaaVl rsMervoirs^aad, -Bally,
be swirling, whirling ceatrffngal ma
bine, that, inside *?f tht- minutes, take
bs black, nasty, bumhy bubb ead beat it
iiiifi it ls aa white aa snow aad nady for
uarket. from 8,000,000 to 5,000,00.
oura?i mv frequently made annual,;.
poa ench of tbeee plantation-, beside
in* sbombous yield of molesscB, which i*
ii important beter in the crop.
Ths birt to, these great Bttgar estate.
rs now mu mi BO i*i_;iiitic ii scale lhal
teyars little l?-ss than huge factories.
ith all the hard characteristics of fas**
i.' lits abpal then, the h..me or rora]
. i b.Tn^vi*.,r.l--,*'i,''*,''<1* Tin* place
like n factory v__8*?T'**M-J_^,i*w; ?'"",
ring for from 1,008 to .,000 .souls. TV*
-.'ipiine is tarers** ths syaCam perfect.
ic hands are invariably negroes. Tiny
uk in watches, or relays, day und light,
ccisely ns they do ut your rolliug milis.
ic male- DecOpV quarters wailed and
rricaded from the women, and there is
iii'.ic chance for Intercourse or frolic
an in thc A ti,ti ii an penitentiary. Those
uiied have separate quarters.?Edgar
Til* "larrikins" of Ail-tr?ll_
rbi governor, Instead of i in port I tu- a
cut class of women, advised the home
thoritiesto send ont ? shipload of tin*
nt characters, aud thu. it was that a
Ittport containing 5-0 women?thc
OSS of London alleys?was dispatched
Australis Thsee sraagee were called
"red lovers." They ini.rniarried with
male c in victs, and their progeny, as
.'hf be .opposed, turned out of the
annal older Their descendants of the
rt li generation are. with few excep
is. a curse to thc colony. They lill tbs
s und when at liberty congregate al
Mt corners, expectorate on the foot
tis aud insult women and children
ry are called -'larrikins."
he "larrikin"' ls generally a thin, re
sivc looking youth of IH or M, Ile is
cr known to work, nor in fact to do
thing but steal mid insult old men and
Hg Bares girls; yet he manages to get
Ugh to eat anti to dress well at all
M He has Ins clothe, made of blink
h. an.l utensil,nally .ports a velveteen
>tcont. This is cut very low in frout.
helter to display a frilled shirt ead
.11 stand up collur, with tasseled neck
His boots- sometimes let in with red
occo?have two-Inch heel., and us thc
ul possessor swaggers up the street or
Ids the post up," he affects u devil
care s-jrt of manner as indicative of
churncter. So much for the "larri
"?Australia Cor. San Francisco
ll here Good Sponges Ara Found.
Fbi best sponge of commerce," said ti
lt, in speukiug to a reporter, 'is
d in the Mediterrannan, audi, knoll ii
inkey or Smyrna sponge. This ia ob
?tl by divers, bahai!?i or West India
ge is coarser, and is sold ut a much
ance Much sponge is gathered olf
oast of southern Florida."
low ure they gathered?"
ponges, when seen ou the bottom at
M to the rock, look like a big black
h. They are pulled off their natural
hy forked hooks, which are run
i under the sponge, which is formed
he head of a cabbage, and the roots
d from the rocks. When brought to
urface it is a mass of soft, glutinous
which to tbe touch feel, like soap
ck jelly. When a small boatload is
ned they are taken to the shore,
e a crawl is built in which they are
il to tli*., so that the Jelly substance
eadily separate from the firm fiber
? sponge. These crawls are built by
ug pieces of brush Into the sand out
i water large enough to contain the
It takes from five to six day. for
lsect to tile, when the sponge, are
i with small sticks, and the black
ions substance fall, off, leaving the
o, after n thorough washing, ready
lurker?New York Mail and Ex
_ uv ot E_vpt'? ln_astrU-,
of the oldest industries in Egypt i.
lui egg hatching, principally engaged
Copts. There are said to be TOO
isbment. of thia nature in the coun
id the production of ch lek-us from
ens has been estimated at from 10,
i) to 13,000,000 annually. The sta?
ir incubating last, through three
a of tbe early summer. Tha coun*
j pie bring egg. to the proprietors of
irroogs," and girs siro good eggs for
newly hatched ehiak. ? Chicago
ADVICE TO THOSE PURSUING I
Bynopsia or ia t-ectur-. hy ITofrsaor Tran
els Minot?What ls BIBS aa hy- Statl*
tlr,?Orig-lu ot Diacsae. ?Itrtiln tl ..ri
Professor Francis .Minot lectured re?
cently ar the Harvard Divinity school OB
the heall li nt profcv-ional men. The lect?
ure intituled three topie*: The actual
condition Of tba flstultb Of profi'-*i"iial
men; their pei ulinr di-ea-c, nml the beat
aaodeof doiii-^ priifeihittiial xxork tinder
the term . pi.iie->,i..uni men. xvc include
physicians, lawyers, clergymen, 011(1000,
acleataSia and teni hers.
Dr. .Minot uki thu health of profes?
sional meii-tiiiubi to hana good as ll.ul of
other "aaonle, toe they bad good abeiter,
good food, and wara t.-'t exposed lo ai
I reine.* of xveather alni BOXJOOO **tirroiind
bigs, anti xvere not tempted IO di-sipatiuii
and exceaa. Thia inference xvas shown to
lie eotreci bj autistics. Longevity waa
not alwaya attended by good health, bnt
old ago wae generally the reward ot a
healthy Jue. Statistics of the age pt
death of oxer 200,000 people in Maaaacbu
--eits abowad thal, while tin* average of
all xvas about ?"'.', tba average age ot pm
feaalnnal men xvas a little ovar xi, Inclnd
lng Bet-ore and photographer- Of real
profe-sii.nal men tbe averaga age xxl,
about ntl, of judges, till, ut . Ii-n-x nn-n, lin,
of pii.ft-ftiTft W; ot physician-., ."i7; of
i:ixv\ers, over "iii
A DU***a"J**""S*f 1'IM'I.T.
Statistics compiled iu England abowed
it different result, fur while rdergymen
were there BBW longer lix eil than lawyers
ir pbyatdana, pbyaa**iana wera tbe abort
?st lix ed of piofcs.-ional BBBB During
:bree cfiiiseeiitive years the deal li rate
iBBoog physicians waa SS in 100- among
awyera, 80, ami moah lesa arnon-* ibo
ilergy. ThiadiiT-nwnce xx.iv raamriusble,
r could not be explained by (lie irregular
ife, lack of re.-vt and orerworb of medical
nen tor tbooo coB-dltioos applied to Amer
ian i-ii>nici.'in.s. ami waa pi.iliably due lo
lu* fm i ih.it manx English doctors spend
ears in India, xxlieiice the) return wit.'t
inpaired In-alth. There '.xa-a general lt
elnblutice iii the ino:!e of living of luxx -
ere and pbyalfCiana: they were obliged to
Kercise inore and there xvas atora variety
i their lives than In thoa, of clerg* men
nd priifi'SMiis. The great longerttj "f
liin.-iei- i itist in* attributed t" inodera*
nn, teinpi-rHue niiii freedom fromanx
t > aa to]ecnnlary rnnttere,
Dr .Minni I heii I'l'vifxx eil briefly tlieori
u of diseases In general, and -aid many
""bent would disappear bb boob as their
nv.?-, become koowa. Tbe dangar to
? health of professional men lay In their
deniary life Thej shook! warm their
adios and offices with open Urea rather
.-rn vt nb fitriuttc** beat, aad supply lesa
:ygen In i onseqtieni e of greater rareflcii
in of lin-air <;. ol hygienic conditions
their houses was nev in Importance.
ni drainagecai-atd typhoid fever, pneu*
raffii*^*rripttth'*"*!a ?""' blood pol*toaioii
> EtmiwAuje oTwTS^J^Vo* abtysbj \-.-;\.
liret'i ("ii munition rttrongh other
*ea xvftii tin* intelii.r of sleeping ronato,
?\t to drainage tba cara of the pereou
i- of greateai import ince. Sponge baths
?ry nun nun; xvere advaniWajBOna to tbose
ftOm tba pradite did not injure, and
ily mt.deiaie smittse xxa. Beeeeaary. ,
nfl-."-ftional iiu-ii often Millen.I from 1
ia! xvas j"'puiai iy anawaaabiUouanesai
deb waa doe t" intraflacient exereiae fa
: onen air. from iliii ill laxxycis ami
tsiciaiis xvere Heel" I hali tmVgJhwMt and
xxoiii: AMt BU xv.xTios
ftott work profe-.si.nial men gained
ir livelihood and their BapptnBBB. nnd I
qneetion ?.i-. H.av can one do the j
il work xx iii ih.' i.'.ist injniy'* Tba
rb ibonld be uniform ns regards hours, I
ii Interval, of rebtxation, daring which
mind slinilld be o.iiipletely Withdrawn I
n one's xxork. '1 lure Bren many lo*
ieee of ii"" tjasaefb-fal effects of this
rnaliiin of employiiieiit Sir John I
fbock WBB BB BCttve banker and nifin I
Bf pariiaiutiit, but becauie fumou-i I
rx bis avocation a-* a naturalist A
Ine-niabed Ma?.?bnaatta judge spent;
areniaga freqaently ia reading sen I
uiui iinxcl- Ali hour at wWat DOt |
? aifoi'tieii a poaitira gain as ragparda
th, but an lncrea-i'd capacity for '
ir. A complete vacation al kasai once .
sac xv;is advaatageooi ti, rt Curtis I
beeould du bis year's xxork in nine j
th-L but ni.t iu twelve. Bear) pro
.nial man. except the country doctor.
d nanerally take a vacation In tba
mer, und ihe country doctor should
a journey, pariicularly B joiirney
ss the ocean
'ofeooot Minot tlid not tolbra tbat
n xxork xvas bad fur heaUh. ltistances
lie effects ot over brain xvork xv. io
ly all due tu the neglect of hygienic
* or to hereditary ditt a-e*.. iirain
eels often lived long ami laboiious
Il xvas a natural InTereuee xx hen a
HSsaOnal mau died of apoplexy that be
of overwork, imt apoplexy tnt aa
e to be causetl by pbx (ital overwork
* mental. The prole-soi' (doeod xx iib
iazampleeof the etteeuot tba robra
ni laiil down: Darxvin. xxho by rcgu
- perloimcd an enormous amoiitit of
., in spite of ill health and intense
Dr. Little, xvhose rule of hie in?
ti the twenty-four hours of the day,
vho generally xvuikt'd until .1 in tiie
Jag and Nae at ?, look a vacation of
niunth every year, and lived to lie
y |0; a distiiigui.-heii London phy
I, Dr. Bird, xvho at 40 had built up
ct ice worth JL .0,000 a year, but who
soon after, I.token down by over
.?Boston Adlai lbw
Oas ot tht) Lost Arts.
shoot buffalo successfully one mii-t
ipon the rtgM side mid shunt wit li B
caliber ritje ami send the bullet
erini* through the lungs. The ani
tvili not tlrop at the shot, but in a
umps the blood will run fruit) bis
:i and nose, anti as his life ebbs away
ll stagger from side to side like a
u a storm, uud then with a Blighty
ffort he springs forxvard. It is the
ump he takes. He falls headl"iig
e prairie, dead.?Dr. *?#/. F. Carter
i Francisco Examiner.
-il electrical currents have been 'lis?
si to exist in the wings of butu-r
heir detection requiring un exceed
sensitixe galvanometer. These cur
have been thought to Itear a very
; relationship to the disposition of
loring pigments of the wings, for by
Jd of electric currents mai kel
ea can be brought about iu their broug
ind mode of arrangement. ?Glooa- bandi
?rat. | -*??-**
- I -Ud ai
on want to know what a sliding sta a
i try to handle a wet tish. aaanab
?Weil ut Marhanlc-l Kiper*--.
Th** prtesal contlitiBB of the scwini
min Mil, luislnsee BJ SBit favorable ta tb
*.??.* '..pmcnt of BMU v.h" shall lx~ thor
ni' ;,!*? educated both in the eommer
i: i aad i.hank il Bides of Um nada
Mut die wiicn Micii-ii-efulnc.-s i? past, tt
i ti bine ls *!.*,troyd win ii Its parts Bte
?.?.i., mit. TliUdephKeetberaakaearrly.
Kitti it i. tbs only thing thal serhmslj
i a-; i ? the numbera! sew iii/, machine men
,:. thi.country, lt Bibi reiaarfcahieaaH
,-* fortunate Hung for the tearing machlae
trade Ibm .: man who becomes identified
nilli it thoroughly, seldom leaves it till
Where are tba comlag exports eotnlag
fr.n.r lu thc factories, where ev. ry BIM
i is engaged tluplicating the -imc pieces
j forever, aad tbe adjusters and laa*>ectots
' in vcr see any pr.-ictical iv.irk? There
j neither is opportBBity BM' practice DOS
j MMe in th.- h. t,,iic-,- fiir th** drsvloas-CBl
nf expel i a lu the agencies, where the
mn iia-ei- was a bookkeeper or eaasraaajr,
and who I- a rusberf Where the repairer-;
are so BOtorisHlsly incoiii'iefent it- to ht*
come the bott of ridicule' And the man
j ufaetnring maa is a specialist operator
! who sloes uot know anytbiug whatever of
1 mechanical coaatractioef Thersrls bo bbv
tei-ial la the ..iii. e tot the BiaklBg of ex?
ports. To make experts you mast take
mechanically proflcimt tuen (Jacks of all
traills will not tim, and teach them Im?
practical side of the basiueM la the places
where sewing aiafhlnee aas oatd ** toola
To l.liow one iiiake or style .,i machine is
not bs?Sclent; he must Baderetaad all of
them, aad understand them well Io Bil
(litton, be aiBst study macBiaai of ohso
lete patterns, for th.it which li BOW is fie
qnetitly old, ead often Bsaehiaes basra
failed for eery trivial sanson, and tbe per
son who desires to beooeu an expert Ib
Iha Bswiag machins business must knot
|M mechanical history thoroughly. Thora
is plenty of work to bo doae by tbe mau
who begins today to acquire tbe kaowl
edge which tlie ok) experts have gained in
forty yean, but by the time he kuoars il
well there will beademaasl for hisser
vires. Searing .Machine News.
The .New K'nipiTtir ms hu .lillirie.
Tbs new Geraiaa SBaperor is oe a
afore stricken aita bis pressat osalnons
ii.-ilady ?- a splendid athleto, both on lead
md in walli "Years -1.,'..." Bays ? writs i
u Oalig-anl's Messenger, ' I was iwini
uni', in the river sear Cotogae, when e
outbful giant, leaping Into the water.
rom the .-citfolding of th.- military bath,
.ime down npon bs wiih s t. rrlflc upi mb,
Teat 1 j dlsliirbin . ii..- equ in ? i) ul old
athel- Rhine. Th** Bois) arriral was tbe
eir to tbs Prussian and Germaii thrones,
p.i-si..iifiie sportsman silks In tlie liquid
. on frosen water Btretching him elf
nil length, and striking ool with extraor
iiifiiv rigor, be made several circuits
r the exteasias basin, and prosentlj bs
tu to dive in the moot accomplished and
1.. tm.I style.
?? \ Levy of .small boys, who had been
impiuginto the water af ter lum. intent
ooo .baring tho honors of the bath arith
m illustrious visitor, aexI attracted Ins
tenn.m. Boated upon a floating log,, he
ould skim along ths greenish waves
ti..i.n.lcd by t-Jic delighted youngsters
id perpetratiag all nuinner of ni ks
?.;, tiiein. iikl x'; Mi,-.-- playing with
?itons. or, ehaagingtbe game, hs woold
act tbs boys upon tbs log and drag them
,1 push then about amid ths sxultaat
dum of the dripping host. HFhen be
t at lust, th*- boys hurried after him la
.ody, aad, dress?ig with tii<* utmost as
iiui,h. stood awaiting tbe prim e u he
,, rged ir. .in bis cabin Amused si their
ftity cheers, ami Bverss from cottingon
ra Arma tboefe who had been I.b ">m
mons in ;i Ibm -fab'*- siena nt, tbe
ib_princeinrited his Jnsrenilc friends
ii,, Aquatic restaaraal and Hood treal
the whole lol."?-New \"ir. Tribaaa.
I t.< Kuli Wi.r-lilassa "f ll* "lilies.
lt three of ths ghsrts creaiatoriM ware
og made, al sach ol two lhere was one
1* being i.ui'ticil. bal al tbs other ftsre
m irere bar-tag; and two corps, b atre
ippedfa white cloth oas liing ssrlth
lower liinhs in tbe w.n.*. to be ere*
Md whoa the pde should be read] I
er i'l-otn th.* city was emptying its
ting, lilt tty sewagB lalotbe river not
Qty tatt abosrs .'he BpC*J where the
y was lyfBg) "i'd several bathers were
pin*- down great mouthfuls of thc
er ut?-ut ten feet ashra the dead body
innjo infatuation: Xot lur f"OH ihlt
above it was u deep tank (fl which
,as Beaty a coaipooad as oas could
gow 1: was. su\. mesa hy thirty feet
iimeii-i'.n its waters had i.'ii beat
i_eil for months Thousands have
icti in it. and great aaantltieeof man
.s and other lion els. milk und coulee
s are duilv throwii into it BSOffsriBgS,
1 lt looks as fetid as ii cesspool, )>-t
ty women srboOO necks, HBI sod
Be BM weighted d..wu with rarest
>is. lay saids tbsir oater garaiMifa of
roidered gauss snd -iikiu..i bes their
* and rounded forms la tbs stiiikim*
t .in,I beliesre lbs*?isstsros washed frona
antics?Carter Harrison's Letter.
, .i et
i ami t
as ? ? ?
.1 nutria's Source nf Wealth.
ie of Austria.- gruel BDnreosof wealth
tod, ami perhapsaoooaam eaa iKtont
ich au uinoiuit of forests when tom
1 to us area. The pincipal wood pro?
as provinces art- Croatia, Slaronia _
the former military frontier lu these ,?,,,,.
(BOM the woods occupy ?' ??*-* '??'A
i, of which .0 percent, is younger
th and hti per cent, timber forset; 81
cut. of this quantity is iu the heads
be goreraBMBt or of largs laad
ts, -J4 pereeat beloag to tbe parishes,
j,el- cent, is in Ihe BOBBSaSioO of the y
y mid 1 1 2 per cent is owned by | ,,(,,?.
t. peasants Were the ground * npat
?ed by forests divided BOBOeg all the t,coll?
.Hunts, the portion fulling to the lot | rcg1st
rh would be 1 ai acres. The cubic p^p*
iiieuient of this mass of wood i- mgngg
.!)ti<J,.'140ciibic feet, which, reek..rei VV( rti
ie tenths of a penny per cubic foot, hUip)i;
;i total of ESS.TOT.','00. 'ihe yearly iallt.(1
ise is 131.-40,91 -I cubic feet, which, j tUe g
luted at thc value as ut ive n abosre, ,,ur.1(
ms to upward of AIoOOjO-JU. ? CbkagO htOfW
- ... *. .. much
?Story of .St. llron?i?ii Alcott. , ^.j
aa greatly toaebod hythe Btory of J fj
av the /.oed man BBSS to discipline pupa
I hy letting them ferule hun until .,(r,|lt.,
.vere fairly ashamed to Im- bail I ,,,,)?(.
ettliig tearful over tbe ph titre, B hen vvl|i,,.
noclustic friend Stepped upwnh a |)lt.,1(ij
that brought me to uormul clieerf ul- | _-ar ,
terns that among the scholars of Mr.
t wus one wbo bore the kind old man
grudge of long standing, and when
a finally detecteil in evil he resolved
:le the obi score. Taking the ferule
1 the master his usual vicarious pun
nt, he raised it high in the uir anti
bt lt down on the poor pedagogue's th*-*''"**
?nth such a tremendous whack that
xly fainted with pulu. Tbe pupils ?__ tl
> more feruling after tbat So you appear
nether sweet Illusion ls saragel) u onlj
-d.-Cor. New To* World. 1 ?'Aath
BIG SHOW BILLS.
A CHAT WITH THE FATHER r*.
PINE WOOD ENGRAVING.
Tin- Old lin.lil.in.tl Cli.ua Met mr, ,, ,
[il.inl.tl li*/ LJIhogr?|>liy?A l-i??,.,
"Ilnmlral sheet Bill"?Thal mt ot Na*.
erit?.superiority nf Ititi I.ltho_ru|.li.
?Just MI the unrneroiis pi ,.
hnve crowtletl boxwood eiignu lag to ti,.
w.dl." said un old show printer ti ?
day, ?-lithography is Bte_.il* lapplai
pine wood eiigraviog. Already tbs
th.ai if.ni .uni circus onie rs tue f i
graphs, aad wood warfe has com.- i
kooked upon as cheup, .e< .ii I rs
eoasOafBsatly bbsIsbIhoIs *?i .
not betag a lithographer, snd I
K'-o-l deni Jnvesteil m tbs old I
pkms iha sha*ge, bal I aa!bbos ic
eli I to ll. Ulai till tint tl) to do Ml
-?in** >.f mj Meads .m.,.!^ ti.: i.
cfs un.i printers In tact, I'la '???? ?
has reached u losjrer position i .
than boxwood BS?_ BBS
.Mr. .i.ime- \v Mm _?. the father of p
wood e_graving, bow ISytanoi
doiag little work bb) longer, thou
-Jill retains hisol.l time nhill Hs
n*.t. h. never, attribute tl.e l<i,k ?
maud for in. wmk to .1 .j.-.. ia* in i, -
business, bai to other causes that, upoa
aaalyiatioa, in thOflBssHves demonstrat**
that decline ile Bays "l ? i- the Bm
mau t?. us, |Bs pin.* board for .shun int-.
ali'l 1. '..-an iluiii, so rtU.nt linn *. li*..- >? .?
aga, Before thal tiros these largs i.ii-tiii. *t
bots di eat oa mabofaay, using the ? i
?I the wood, us lu.viv.....I i. ii-,,:, aatloal)
Hinting iu black WM 'lone. I ni-.t mir,,
laced thu use of col..rs. an,! tnt in,, in,i
docks tor them on ll.it, BSAOSKh pi m.
....?inls Very s...>u I band td I i
i-o t!i.* [linc for tin* Meek, pl ill.
h.it h. Mg a soi'ter wo. ,1. lt Was ?
bon * i-11 >- worked, with proper tools
han the hird mal,,, ;aiiv, Whictl
i.iit ..ut ..f ii -e altogether, I *!" nm
? to lii.it then- .a an* tom pim ?
fl fifi. II: | BOW tl.,in Iii,a,' lia, ,1 t,,
i> l... 1 inger llie bUSiO?SS il USSd I" U
l.ai i-. becaues tin* prialera, greedj i *
i..ii.*|...|i/..* the a hole a * OOO
iii. lin.-1., furnish pa i iii.- bj ari -'.: I
i..fi ivers in their empl ij n. ! u? _, bj
ittipi-t111**it it ilii .? , a ..ii., i. ian i'll. ? ?
own bo thal tn.- coni| ? i tuts
ud engravers wa. reduced to tbs lowest
,---ilili' point 'lin' deuiaud dolougei ls
ii *a exception .. i i
leap niediocril . "
lt i- a soaasa Jun mr.a :,, i ii, ti n?.
mei i. an milkers of Hi,,, targe I
aphis pictures, ofter importing
tista to do their strawing siidtheal
j.;-,ni tn*a, .'.nd H.. ? to print
ith, an.l tl..* palp for tbs | rpi r t.. pi nt
...li, still ale al.I.* to . . l.U
psan lithographers on ihi i o? u grooad
d to lill sztens!re order, io Korol e.
istrall i aad Iwlla I n> ? soool ?i" so
lbs pi...m. ti.'ii of mi,all lithograpbk
Tk. .neb a- one, two and tim*, .-ii. .-i
:- t.*i ti.,- ebeapaeas .*f .hilled tohot
es tbe European Uthograpner ti.
hut a ben it comes t" il" bi di
bugs bills, of ... tseeal > tiff.. *..
ty ihestS. then lin* li. ld i-prc i ...I
nopoliied by An,.; lean < ul rpi
i he larg, st show bill mad.'|*i, r i * I
-m. d of no mole than eighteen .hi
ih.it fear, however .lames [torrey, the
plas arood ongraenr and prioter L.-ot
for Barana!*s -i.****. In rs MCoad
i. a thirty-twoshsei bill thal Btads ?
satioii throughout tnecouotr* What
r it appeared the snifili ibo* ? ii,fi -luc?
ian,! lied before ll la i?stn ty -abai
ntly many larger posters, priuled
a wooij. matic their ,*i* *? trance bul
i* had .sin.h u startling etta I ss tli it
ole - . Ireas was the rbii t.. soil
ograpbed Boaters, Ib 1681, un i in I
.*ut its famous '-Iiiiii.lia d shed I
ch corersd ;i .pass t\..?!*.? i, ,-t high b)
f. a,x- |,,.f loag the largess pi ates "i
kind e.*.' produced. Thors irers
l.ooo *.f those hogs pooten prodsMi d
their cosi was $10each, although ths
.i.iidi**.* company, their aiahers bbb
to have mad*, them witbooi pi*.Ht
tbe se?e of deo*?-strafing abai the)
.1 achieve Nobody hits sn,*.- bi
pted toiiv.ilih.it mammoth produc
Very pr., ba bl j a lithographed poetei
pillI si/.* COOld le nifi.le BOW al h B
foi- BiBCI then the e_fM_-S "I tbi.
i has been greatly redacod, bal wbsa
re Membered that for em h io livhlual
rf the haadred iheets coropoelBgil
ivsnga of su> four Bsparats solar
lngB would be required making Ititi
1, it will readily be understood lhal
uiM htili he ii rerj sxpeuaivs thaw
rrium ? Balley, who are the laraaat
?mers for UthuglBghh priatlBg la tho
I, ure now using BO posters Of morn
twilit i-t-iifht sheet.s, and BObodf
ms any so large Hut ihelrorder.
ie 8euM,ii of 1888 umoui.t t*. 5lU.J.<i<rS
sespoaBBof lithographed th ?
man matty redacsd .Ince they iir?t
Introduced Then the 8trob.ldgs
ohsurged sixty coats a sbeei worked
e . olorsj for 5,000 .heel lots, t..jk
DOOthSIO fill one such Order, and lost.
> on it Now sucii i.u\e beea the
ivesBSBM In prodaetton thal aotaith
mu lur^e Hiigliictitiitf n in WagBBBBd
expenses, thesaass tori ??'? work ii
for eight cents usn.MB, in f..n> tight
I, und money is, prSBUBiabl) M least,
OB it. Pine wool picture. ' ".st onl*
?ni-, a si,..-et. and ure still ciuug t*. b)
mugil, u.**si of the sin, ll ellI
!,,? t ISSfl "f lliei.tla Ul tr..up**s klioWI.
ara iIihbmis" uml -il) by eights
how men geiieially ailinn that th
?rapfaod posters, a.-i*i*- fiom ti..*..
lor beauty sn eoUot ttvaasse, are bbb.
lineal, m.uni* useauseol tho wantha!
ing iibilitv of the much Letter soil pl
upon whit h ihey ure printed Ti,,
for lithograph 'rosters is Mada of a
pulp imp*.rt?'<i from Sn eden ?hi
'le hemlock pulp, as it ls BBObBkall)
ThaWOOd pulp ttttBt bute is ttOOi
'Hiding of the timi? I into
lee, out in Sweden u proc*'s- ls CO*
I that tears the wooli into fragm* nt.
vwii- u longer tiber und jiel.iiag -*
stronger puper. Aside fr* in lbs
on of economy, there cnn i>e ii"
on of the superiority of the lu lc
over the [due wood picture Tbs
f preserves the urtist's w.rk to BB
ely greater tlegree, and IM B0S-TS,
more brilliant and- throagh Ihs
ng of primary into seooadar] tiata
nore vnried, are ut Ike HMM ?MS
more natural, anti raettf B**?''*
ie than could be attained hy the ?A
s - New York Sun.
tt a miserable time we should bars
life If we were obliged to Mind * ur
ashleys nn.l let our neighbors miud
? Uncle Ezeh.
?-re are wine editor, who wouIJ
to represent Om ms* lenee but lt
F tb** voice of Mephuwy-ele. ?