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THE NAME "KANSAS.*
It la a Corruption of Kaum? wad Owe?
It* Origin to i? ?To?r-ltcmIcr.
In 1732-33 tho coramandor of the ter?
ritory in which was thon included what
Is now Kansas, claimed by France,
ureoted a fort noar tho mouth of tho
psage, in tho hope of preventing any
Turthor Incursions by tho Spaniards into
ho region beyond the Missouri. It was
called Fort Orleans, and was built aftor
the annihilation of a colony of Span
lards from Santa Fo (by the Kansas In
-ftlans,) who had attempted n settlement
in some portion of what is now the State
pf Missouri, near tho mouth of the
Osage probably. Of tho three hundred
jthat left Santa Fe with hopeful hearts
not one was loft to tell tho story of tho
vnassacro. It was only two years before
the establishment of tho fort at the
mouth of the Osage by tho French
commander that the Spaniards started
on tholr mission from Santa Fo, so
their occupation of their now settlement,
-could have boon of only short duration.
Thoy had for their spiritual advisor a
Dominican monk, but their guido and
roal commander was an cnginoor officer.
Tho torritory now called Kansas, or
at loast that portion of it that bordors
tho Kaw, was occupied by tho Kauzas
Indians; and "Kansas" is a corruption
of that primitive name, happily, too, for
tho original is harsh and lacks tho
euphony of tho modern form. It is
alleged that tho name was divortod from
tho original through the mistake of a
proof-reader, who, revising tho very
early work of some missionary, mistook
the "u" for an inverted "n" and so "cor?
rected" it and to that blunder wo aro
Indebted for tho name of Kansas. Tho
Kansas Indians aro called tho Kaws, a
dimlnutivo of Kansas or Kauzas. 1 have
seen tho word spelled in old books
Kauza and Kausa; but tho z is probably
tho correct letter, howovor.
Tho exact routo of the unfortunate
?Spaniard^ through Kansas has never
been given by any historian in any
work that I havo seen; but tho Osagcs
have a tradition in their tribe of tho
inarch, and 1 am indebted to my friend,
lion, .lohn Madden, of Cottonwood Falls,
Kan., for the supposed trail as ho worked
it out from tho Indian legend: "Thoy
entered Kansas about tho west lino of
Hamilton County, followed the Arkansas
River to, probably, whoro Hutchinson
is now located; crossed over to the
lioad waters of Doyle Creek, in Harvey
-County; thonco down that valley to
where Floronco now stands; from that
point, through tho Cottonwood Valley to
near Gmporia; across through Osage and
Franklin counties, thon down tho Osago
river to near its mouth, whore they
o(Toeted a Bottlomont, built a chapel,
-sind wore soon massacred by the Indians,
who were jealous of them."
About a year after tho Fronch com?
mandant. De Dourgmnnt, had construct?
ed his little fort of Orleans, ho started
?on an expedition from whore Atchlson
is to the headwaters of tho Smoky Hill.
In a cavo op that rivor in Central
Kansas, not far from my home, aro some
names carved on its walls, which may
Lave been put thoro by membors of
ihat expedition. Tho following year,
iwhile Do Hourgmont was absent from
l'"ort Orleans, the whole garrison was
.massacred by tho Indians, and not a
soul was left to toll tho story. ? Kansas
THE GOSSIP'S BRIDLE.
An lint rninont l'seil In ( 0.1cm Tum-, to
Punish Scolding Women.
In tho "Historical Description of tho
Tower of London. 1774," is tho follow?
ing: "Among the curiosities of tho
towor is a collar of torment, which, say
your conductors, used form or ly to bo put
about tho women's necks that scolded
their husbands when they camo home
late, but that custom is loft olT nowa?
days, to prevent quarreling for collars,
there not being smiths enough to make
them, as most married men aro sure to
want them at one time or another."
Rut our ancestors aro beginning to
ilnd out that
"A smoky house ami a RCOldlng wife,
Aro two ot tho greatest plagues in lifo;
Tho llrst may bo cured; t'other ne'er ran,
Kor'tls past, the power of mortal man."
And yet they did not despair. Men's
?wits were set to work, and a triumph of
Ingenuity was produced?the brank, tho
scold's or gossip's bridle, which bad tho
immenso advantage over tho clicking or
fluoking-stools of compelling tho vic?
tim to bo silent, a punishment almost
fiendish in its conception. Its inventor
Is unknown; but ho probably hailed
frorn tho "north countroo," as "branks"
Is a northern name for a kind of
bridle. It nevor seems to havo boon
a legal punishment, as tho ducking
stool was ; but, nevertheless, it
obtained, and thoro aro many examples
in existence. It was in its simplest
tform, described by YYaldron in his "De?
scription of the Isle of Man:" "1 know
nothing in tho many statutes or punish?
ments in particular but this, which is,
that if any person bo convicted of utter?
ing a Hcundalous report and can not
make good the assertion, instead of be?
ing fined or imprisoned, they aro sen?
tenced to i,land in the markot-placo on
a sorb of scalfold erected for that pur?
pose, with their tongue in a noose of
leather, and having been oxposed to
tho view of tho people for some time,
on tho taking oil of this machine they
are obliged to say three times, 'Tongue,
thou hast liod.*" It was commonly
m&do as a sort of cage of hoop iron, go?
ing ovor and fitting fairly to the head,
with a Hat piooo projecting inward,
which was put in the mouth, thus pre?
venting tho tongue from moving. It
was thon padlocked, and tho scold was
either Chained up or led through the
Tho earliest dated brank is preserved
at Walton-on-Thames, and bears tho
date 1038, with tho Inscription:
"Chester presents Walton with a bridle
'fo curb women's tongues that talk too Idlo."
Thero is a very grotesque one at Dood
Ington Hark, in Lancashire, which is a
mask having oye-holes and a long, fun
nel-shapod peak projecting from tho
mouth; and thoro were fotno terribly
cruol ones, with fearful gags, but these
oan scarcely come under scolds' or gos?
sips' bridles. Thoro was one at Forfar
with a spikod gag which piorcod the
tongue, and an ovon moro sovorn one Is
at Stoekport, while those at Ludlow and
Worcester are also instruments of tor
WYTHE COUNTY, VA.
Distinctly i Richest Mining Town in Sonthwest Virginia.
Tlio largest mines, the richest lands, the finest timber surrounds Ivanhoo.
The No. 1 furnace of the New River Mineral Company now in successful
Large |Fouiidry, Machine Shops
and Stove Works
Undor construction. Free sites and liberal inducements to manufacturers.
Immense limestone and iron and zinc mines are being worked or dovoloped
within the town. Important industries secured, and negotiations pending
A railroad junction in the heart of the greatest
iron region in the United States. The only
town on this great Southern connec?
tion of the Norfolk and Western
Tho world famous limonito and mountain ores of tho Cripplo Creok Val
ley and the celebrated Gossan and magnetic ores of Carroll county are within
minimum haul of Ivanhoo. In direct communication with the Pooahontas
coal and coke Holds. Rcing 3,000 feot above the sea the climate is unsur?
passed by the celebrated mountain resorts of the world. Vast tracts of Virgin
forests close to band that can bo floated down to Ivanhoo.
Magnificent hotel, stores and dwellings under
contract. The cheapest and best lots
in the South.
The Ivanhoo Land and Improvement Company are now receiving applica?
tions for lots. Only those lots that have two or more applicants will bo
ottered at auction.
GREAT SALE OCTOBER 15, 1890.
A grand chance for investment. Maps, price1 lists, plans, plats, etc., sont
Railroad fares from points within the State to Ivanhoo will bo refunded
to those buying lots.
S. S. SHAKER,
No. 5 SALEM AVE. - - - FULL STOCK.
REPAIRING PROMPTLY EXECUTED.
jim !M f
NO PLACE in the South oirers
superior advantages to those
seeking Manufacturing Sites
than Buchanan, if has all the conditions for Successful Manufacturing.
( heap fuel, cheap and most excellent irons, abundant timber in easy reach,
and other raw material at hand. Pipe works, paper mills, furniture and
Other wood-working establishments, boot and shoe factories, iron and steid
rolling mills, stove foundries, woolen and cotton mills, machine shops, will
lind this the best location in the South.
The facilities for shipment of products are unsurpassed.
It is on two lines of railroads, the Chesapeake and Ohio and the Norfolk
and Western, (S. V. Ii. R.) and the building of two others, the Baltimore and
Ohio and Virginia Western seems well assured. It has competing coal: is
within easy distance of the New River and Plat Top Cokes ; is at the gateway
to the magnificent deposits of iron ores of tho Upper .lames; the limestone
for the Roanoke furnace is mined here ; it has giass sand, and sand for silica
brick and foundry purposes at its very door; in a word, is an ideal manufac?
A level tract of four hundred acres of land, lying on both sides of the rail?
roads, and on tho .lames Hirer as well, with just fall enough (twenty-five
feet) to give good drainage, has been reserved for manufacturing purposes.
Not only are selected sites from this reservation offered free to responsible!
parties locating manufacturing establishments at Buchanan, but the CEN?
TRAL LAND COMPANY OF BUCHANAN is desirous of investing in such
establishments as give promise of success.
a,u1,'<'?ss? jos. i). weeks, \/ 1 t*rri nio
Vue-Prosidont Central Land Company \ | J^- J_a JLJlCX>?
~W\ _A._ IPIEIDIGrO &d CO.
Real Estate Agents
Correspondence solicited. ?5.tf
T GREAT LOT SALE!
Wednesday and Thursday ,
Solid, Substantial, Peerless.
Everybody who desires to make a safe and paying investment should
500 Boautifull Lots in Uiis Growing City will bo placed upon the Market at Auction by the Company.
100 VALUABLE BUSINESS LOTS WILL BE OFFERED AT THIS SALE.
A minimum price will he placed on them and same made public on day of sale.
A LUNCH WILL BE SERVED ON THE GROUNDS TO VISITORS.
The prices of P.uenu Vista lots have advanced 100 per cent, every ninety days during the last twelve months. Industries to
the amount of $3,101,800 have 1)0011 secured, with immediate prospect for $1,000,000 more.
In ten years there will be a population of TWENTY-FIVE THOUSAND people.
Bttcnn Vista boasts of a more varied line of industries than any other location in Virginia, whilst the manufac
iron, steel, glass and paper on a largo scale is distinctive, yet there are largo establishments in woolen goods, l<
tiro brick; sewer pipe, tin good and a varied line of wooden factories, including a wagon factory and furniture fi
liucna Vista is not dependent upon anyone line of manufacturing interests.
The folllowing is a list of the industries secured and in operation:
Iron Furnace?completed.8300.000 Hucnn Vista Ruild'g & Investment Co. Hankers..'.
Pulp and Paper Mills?in operation. 100,000 Buenu Vista Ituilding and Improvement Co.
Saddle and Harness Factory in operation. 10,000 lluonu Vista Advocate & .lob Ofllce- in operation..
Fire Brich Works?incourso-of construction. l00,000:Egg Crate Factory?completed.
steam Tannery?in operation. loo.one Lexington Investment Co.- in operation.
Planing M ills and I.umber Yards?in operation. 30,000, Vn. IJoal Estate Investment Co.?in operation....
Furniture and ('hair Factory?in operation. 10,000'Three Livdry Stables?in operation.
Bed llriok Works?in operation. 35,000 Engine and Roiler Plant building.
Wise Wagon Works?in operation. 35,000 liasiu Steel Works?organized.
Wire Fence Factory?in operation. 10,000,Sash, Boor & und Uli ml Factory.
Woolen Mills - completed. 70,000 Plaining Mills A Wood Working' Establishment.. .
Electric Light Plot?in operation. 10,000'lSlass Works?organized.
First National Hank of Buenu Vista -in operation... 50,000 ?
?3F"Tn addition to the industries above enumerated a largo number are being negotiated for and will probably bo lo?
cated before the day of sale of lots, among the number a muck bar mill, a rolling mill and a nail works.
TERMS One-third cash: balance in one and two years.
Maps and detailed information can be obtained by applying to .1. |). ANDERSON, S*c'y; A. T. BARCLAY, Pres.
All sales are made through the Ituunu Vista Heal Estate Exchange, whose members are authorized to make terms
with other agents or agencies. J. II. VALENTINE, Auctioneer, Lyncbburg, Va.
novS, Kt. 11,15,17,18
Are selling out everything at cost to-close
business by January.
lock is Or
112 Commerce Street,
Youman's hats, known to all,'at Conn's; Stetsons' soft and stiff, at Cohn's; Silvcnnan's
stiff and silk, at Cohn's; Melville soft and stiff, at Cohn's, and others too numerous
Double-breasted sack suits at Cohn's; double-breasted frock suits at Cohn's; single
breasted cutaway sacks at Cohn's; single-breasted cutaway frocks at Cohn's; Prince
Alberts and full-dress at Cohn's; short and stout suits for short men at Cohn's; extra
length suits for long men at Cohn's; extra large suits at Cohn's.
OVERCOATS OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.
Separate pants all sizes and fabrics. Our fall underwear is now on sale. We carry
the American Hosiery Company underwear, besides many other makes. Our neckwear,
hose, handkerchiefs, suspenders, etc., are far ahead of all, as usual. Our tailoring depart?
ment is on a boom. Don't wait too long to place your order. Save your time and money
b}' visiting our mammoth clothing establishment. You can find anything you want, any
price you want, and will certainly have no farther to go.
Jm ??Hu ?um? in
The Salem avenue clothier, tailor and furnisher, No. 44 Salem
avenue, Roanoke, Va. E. M. Dawson, Manager.
C. A. HEATH,
The well-known Jefferson Street
lias opened a Barber Shop in Hotel
Room in basement ?v2-t
J. D. MoNAMEE.
McNAMEE & HAYSLIP,
HOUSE, SIGH AND FRESCO PAINTERS,
GRAIN BUS AND PAP Bit HANGERS.
.Shops, Radford, Va. Ric.hlnnds, Vat.,
Btiena Vista, Va. Headquarters, Roa?
noke, Va. Lock Hex 0, Roanoke, Va.
T^TOTICE.?All persons having rela
X\ lives and friends buried in the City
Cemetery are notified that if they will
purchase a lot in Fairview Cemetery
their dead will be removed free of
charge. This privilege is only extended!
to January 1, I80L Call on C. XT. Vf.
Woolwinc. W. P. HUFF,
C. W. C. WOOLWIXE, (