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-UNO FOR TURTLES
?VJhtn lU ? Hlioll- Kaoked Monster HUes Uuu
Jt.Uk? a Storr.
Terrapin or turtle farms are run in
tho South und on the Pacific coast, but
the buHincBB has only boon tried in New
En rland as an experiment As experi?
ments, many of these have been fail
ores, so fat as a money making basis is
concerned, and many aro now kept up
for the pleasure of the owner, or by
some botol keeper who takos pride in
tomnii turtle soup unadulterated.
In Cumberland, R. I., there is a small
jwnd that Is well stocked with this
toothsome food animal. It is a small
Sheet of water, covoring about an acre,
and located near Diamond Hill. This
email pond Is fairly alive with tho hard
shelled monsters, and many an hour's
sport is found upon tho banks. Tho pond
Is surrounded by a moadow, and an oarly
?visit, whilo tho dow is on tho grass,
shows enumerable small paths whero
?tho tur.tles have been wa king for oxcr
ciso and in search of food during tho
Wh lo thoro is a great amount of
pleasure in eating turtle soup, thoro is
an equal amount in catching tho "crit?
ter." During the early morning hours,
after his lordship has returned from his
waiic is tho best time to lish for him.
This may seem strange, but fishing for
them is th<> only method used horo to
capture them. They will be motionless
near tho surface, their great heads
Sticking ont of tho water liko the end
?f a big st ck. I t" a fly or a bug falls in?
to tho water, down go^s the turtle, and
in an Instant It has a luscious morsol.
An earthworm is a desirable feast for a
turtle, and these are generally used
for bait Tho tackle is very primitive,
and conc.ists of a strong lino and a cod?
fish book. Bait the hook with a large ?
bunch of worms, and throw in whero (
tho :nrt o was last seen, or if its head is
out of water, throw the bait directly in
front of it Tho bite is very easy, and
when a short pull on tho lino communi?
cates tho fact to the angier that a turtle
is at tho other em', he must act careful- ;
ly and qu okly. A sharp jerk will gen?
erally fasten the hook into the horny
mouth, and then tho fun begins, espo- J
Oially If the turtle is a forty-pounder.
It is ono tiling to fasten on to the turtle i
and another thing to land it. safely.
The chances arc greatly in favor of tho i
turtle it a novice is at one end of tho J
lino, and an oxpert faros but little bet?
tor if iho turtle happens to take tho j
b3!t near tho bottom. The great secret
In the landing of the game is to keep it
from the bottom. As :<oon as tho
turtle lltids itself hooked it makes for j
tie- soft mud on the bottom, and is as j
safo tho o as a covey of birds .which i
takes 10 tho swamp for protection when j
pursued by the hunter.
The novice will invariably try to land
his lirst turtle by pulling in the lino ,
hand over hand. Hy the time ton foot
of the line is in there is a strong pull as '
if a snag had boon struck, vnd it gener- i
ally proves to bo a snag. Tho turtlo
sinks into tho mud, and it 's almost im?
possible to movo it
The only way to land tho gamo Is to
take t he 'ino otot your shoulder assoor.
as you fool tho strike, and run as fast,
as possible. As long as the turtlo Is j
kept in tho water and on the jump you
aro sum ?f the gamo. As soon as It is i
landed it. is killed by shooting it. in the ,
head. --Providence Journal.
EDUCATION OF GIRLS.
VheBnojeet Dineussed tty (Volt-KnownSo?
"1 think that a young lady's educa?
tion, liko charity and evory other good '
quality, should begin at home,-' said
Mrs. William Windom, wife of tho Sec?
retary of the Treasury. "She should t
first of all be thoroughly instructed in I
domestic duties. I should bo very sorry ?
to have a daughter of mine assume tho i
responsibility of a home and house of
her own without possessing such knowl- j
edge. Perhaps it is not essoutial that
she shou.d bo porfectly familiar with
every I riding detail, but she should bo
sufilc ently s? to bo thoroughly mistress
of her own house and to perfectly un?
derstand the all-Important art of mak?
ing home comfortable and attractive."
Mrs. W ndom thinks that woman is
deeply to ho pitied who knows so littlo I
of household affairs as to bo absolutely
dnp< n lent upon tho superior knowledge
of a servant Vet how many a woman
is ihore of the Dora Copperfield type
who scarcely dares to give servants an
ord. r bei . use sho feels that in all such
matters I i Is a goose and the servant
U:.e ivs hhe IS.
"If they uro educated to be good ?
women, with good common senso, they
are pretty sure to do tho right thing at
the r ghfc time," said Mrs. William 11.
B. Mailer, wife of the Attornoy-Oenoral
when aski 1 how our daughters should
"Wo hi ar a great deal nowadays
about the society girl," she continued,
"and about how girls should be edu?
cated to nbino in society. For my own
part J ran not. endure the term 'society
(firI,' nor tho idea of having a girl's edu?
cation dlroe.tod to making her attractive
in society. 1 believe that what is called
society in the personal columns of tho
nowspnpers Is but a very slight inci?
dental pat t of every spns.blo g r.'s life,
and > ife^eve that the girls who aro
most attractive in society aro those who
are most ittractlve at home.
'?from her earliest years every girl,
no matter what her station in life,
Bhou il be made to feel an interest in
all that pertains to housekeeping."
"Every young woman who desires to
rm and to appear intelligent must bo
well read in the general informal on of
tho day," said Mrs. James McMillan,
wife of the junior Senator from Michi?
gan. ' At tho Bamo time 1 think agroat
many young ladies devote a great deal
too much attention to reading howspa
r.ns Tins Cl086 '?f publications is now
gp vo am nous, : nd their contents aro
so larffoiy mailt- u,p of personal gossip,
that ono may road and road and yet
gam very littlo that Is of any practical
aiivan' ige that lo worth remembering,
o: itt . :i be remembered without a
' severe mental QlTort, because it is
no t- " ?? - In character."?Louisville
Cou- ? r-Jo irh'al.
V. r) : the best English jocVcy3
? ecrn ? ??- ? -.01 a wock.
AFR..CAN COO ? Y
Qufpr nml I'nl>t tile D kltr* -.mm ? lth"Ut
As a rule on.y one pr.noipal meal is
eaten in Central Africa, in the early
part of the ovoning. It usually consists
of parrot soup, roasted or stewed mon?
keys, alligator eggs (also well liked by
Europeans) and birds of evory descrip
t on. They also havo moambo, or palm
chops, and Ash. A groat delicacy, so
considered by Europeans and natives
alike. Is elophant's fcot and trunk.
Theso havo somewhat tho taste of voaL
To proparo them the nat vos dig a holo
about five fcot deop in tho sand and in
it build a large flra After tho sand Is
thoroughly heated tho tiro is romoved,
leaving only tho ashes in the hole. Tho
trunk and foot aro placed in this holo
and covered with loaves, and afterwards
with hot sand. In two hours they aro
All carcasses of animals which aro to
be cooked aro p!ac< d on a block of wood
and pounded until evory bone is broken,
care being taken not to tear or brulso
the skin. They are then bo.led or
roasted on an open wood lire or in hot
sand or ashes, without removing tho
hide or feathers The cook ng s of n
very inferior grade, tho only spices used
being salt and pepper. The kitchen
utensils rnnsist of common earthen or
wooden waro. Very little time is taken
for settinir or decorating tho table;
knives, forks and napkins arodisponsod
Africans have sovoral vegetables well
liked by Europeans. N'guttl-n'songo is '
a dish eaten all over Africa. It cons sts
of egg plant, small Ash somewhat iiko
our sardines and the roots of tho cassava
or manioca olant (called n'guttl), which
havo a knotty appearance and ofton
weigh as much as twenty pounds.
As tho latter contains po son, tho
manioca is soaked in water for three to
four days to extract tho poisonous sub?
stance. It is then cut. and sliced and
small tomatoes aro added. All is placed
in a vessel with water andseasonod with
salt and peppor and boiled. Moambo,
or, as tho Europeans call it, palm chops,
is also a favorite dish. Tho palm nuts
are first boiled in water until the pupy
substance loosens from the pit, then tho
shell, which contains a very delicious
oil, is placed in a wooden mortar and
crushed lo obtain the oil. Whatever
tho meal consists of, moat, fish, mussels,
is put in a vessel, adding the oil and tho
pulpy part of the palm nut, also red pep?
per and salt, and is boiled. Roast or
boiled squash (loongo) is generally oaten
with it, Sweot potatoes (ra'balla bengn)
are morn farinaceous and sweeter than
ours, but do not taste so good. They
are holicd or roastod.
Bananas (bitaohe) woigh about half a
pound each and are about tilteen inches
long. When half ripe they are cut in
slices and boiled in water with salt and
N'sonsi is a liMle red bean, which is
boiled in water without salt or peppor,
and is freely cojtOn. For peanut bread
(chisulu) the peanuts, are .lirst roasted
and then crushed. This mass is then
rolled and put into thoskin of a banana,
adding a little pressure, forming it into
a body. It readily retains this shape
from tho pressure of the oily substance
in tho peanut.?N. Y. World.
New Way of Driilfiinr; Soil.
The planting of eucalyptus trees for '
tho purpose of draining the soil in ma?
larial districts Isono which has met with
some success. Tho Trefontane convent
at Borne had become positively unin?
habitable, owing to tho malaria which
attacked?in many instances with fatal
results?its inmates. Senator Torolll
presented a bill proposing that the es?
tate annexed to the convent should ho
?planted with eucalyptus as an experi?
ment against malaria. Tho bill was
passed and the Trappist. monks planted
thousands of eucalyptus plants of all
species on the estate. But still the ma?
laria raged, and several monks sulTercd
severely. It was, however, remarked
that It was only tho monks who had
their cells looking on the central clois?
ter who fell victims to tho malaria.
This suggested the idea of planting four
eucalyptus treos at tho four corners of
tho cloister. Tho plants, sheltered
from tho winds, soon grew to a great
height. Tho immediate result was the
complete draining of tho soil in the
elois'er and tho disappearance of ma?
larial fever from tho convent.? Chicago
Sequoia National l'nrk.
In regard to tho bill which has passed
Congress creating a National park, to
be known as Sequoia Bark, tho San
Francisco Call remarks: "The land to
bo inclosed In the park will covor r>0,00()
acre's. It embraces nearly the wholoof
tho tract which Is well known to the
peoplo of Tulare as tho region of the
I Big Trees; is situated somo forty-live
miles northeast ol Visalla, at an eleva?
tion of from 0,003 to 7,000 feet, and
spreads nlmost without a break from
Kings river to Knhwcah river. In Marl*
posa, Calaveras and Humboldt, tho giant
sequoias occur in clumps in the midst
of forests of other growths In Tulare
thoy are almost continuous; the traveler
can journey all day on horseback with?
out over losing sight of them. Thoy
aro nearly, if not quite, the most gigan?
tic of tho sequoias; trees have been Boen
which measured 100 foot and over in
circumference at the base and over :>00
feet in height"
?Caramel Filling.?Three cups of
white sugar, one cup fresh milk and a
j heaping tablespoon of butter boiled to
gethor. One cup sugar melted and
I mixod with tho other; stir until well
mixed, then lot it boil until almost as
] thick as icing when you tako it olT. Just
j before you aro ready to put it on tho
case davor to your taste with vanilla.?
Detroit Freo Proas.
?After the School Commencement?
"So you h ve got two pr.zo.sV" '"Yes,
papa." "What are thoy for?" "Woll,
I got the pr 80 for having tho best mem?
ory." "Well, what was tho other?" "I
can't think at tho moment what that
was for.'?Courier des Etats-Unis.
? BOSS o?' Papa, what is a shook of
hay?" I'apa (who has not been in the
country i-iiic ? lie was twelvo years obi)
"Ali, or - it's when a burn ia struck by
I iiguinnig, iny poU"
VICT.M? OS? GASTRONOMY.
Onion, i ollV.-, W l?r->lrlo'i nntl ltrratl
Mod- luttxr HonUi
"I was for many years a victim of the
onion habit.'' ho said. "On ons to ?
man wuo Uses thorn are irresistibly fas
oinattng. It was always a temptat on to
uio to oat thom at every opportunity.
When 1 was forcod to go out a day,
and so was oblitrod to dony myso f the
omons, my ' sacrifice causod mo actual
misery. Ono of my tricss was to eat a
lato simper after working hard until
long past midnight Of this suppor
sliced onions with a salad dress,ng
formed no unimportant part I discov?
ered that tho moro onions I ato tho loss
I was ablo to resist tho cajolorios of
their flavor, and, determining to froo
myself from this servitude, I deliber?
ately sat down ono night to euro my
unsavory passion. I sliced tho biggest
'and strongest ones that I cou d ?ud,
made my own dressing and then sot to
cal th< in. 1 ate until my throat was on
fire and my stomach was a furnace. I
ato until tear.--, poured from my oyos.
Tho biggest and strongest ono of all I
saved for tho ast and as 1 devoured that
I wept bitterly. But 1 was without pity
toward myself nUd romorsolossly and
fiercely ato on. 1 have not eaten an
onion since that night. I do not like
Whilo on tho Bub'ect of tho onion
habit tho writer ventures to mention
another no less tcrriblo in its chains
of slavery. A bachelor, who works
lato at night and so does
not arise at an early hour, has for
years ha I his cofToo In bed immediately
upon awaken hg. lie declares that if
ho is forced to dress without having had
his cofToo ho is unable to eat breakfast
Ho sutlers from a severe headache all
day and goes to bed miserable, llo ad- '
mils that he has not the courage to try
to break himself of tho habit. Wives
and mothers doubtless feel no sympathy
fur this slave.
Another case is that of a man who
was passionately fond of watermelons
Coming from San Francisco to No w York
once he acquired a violent "watermelon
thirst." Tho ride across tho hot p ains
of Nevada bad left his throat with a
wild craving for watormolon. At North
Platte, Neb., be was able to buy a sickly
preen watermelon for 81.25. lie returned
to his sleeping car armod with his melon
and six bottles of beer. He ato tho
melon down to the rind, drank the boor
that afternoon and spent thou ghton an
exploring trip similar to ono of Dante's
That watormolon, ho says, was his last,
lie could fdrglvo the beer, but the melon
Ami now men in three instances hav?
ing shown th'emso vea poor, weak creat?
ures, the tools of tho whims and fancies
of a depraved taste, it is only fair to
speak of the case of a woman who is the
wife of ono of the best-known men in
New-England. Heforo going to bed at
night she always eats a thin slice of
bread and butter. Sho avers that with?
out it she could not s eep. Sho never
eats more than one slice, but that ono
slico is actually necessary for a peace?
ful slumber. She is a striking example
of a victim of tho bread-and-butter
habit? N. Y. Tribune.
SAMBO-S ARGUMENT. '
Tho Slpc'|>Injj-Car I'urt.-r'it "<i<\a of the I'on
ulnr Tip story.
A sleeping-car porter of moro than
average intelligence was drawn out on
the story thai employes In positions liko
his livo in palaces when not on a run,
wear diamonds, and give receptions at
"You would not expect me to confess
that I am making money above my sal?
ary, even if it were true," ho said) "I
think that tho story of our wealth orig?
inated with the man whoso soul was
tucked under the wings of the eagle on
a quarter of a dollar. Suppose we have
a dozen sleepers on each run, and that
is above tho average; out of that num?
ber it is safo to say that four will be
women and chi dren. That leavosoight
passengers for us to 'work,' as the say?
ing is. Out of that eight maybe four
will hand us from ten cents to twonty
fivo cents, and wo have moro of tho
former than of the latter. Tho tip aver?
ages ten cents tho year round. Say we
make a dollar a run out of passengers?
I mean tho sloopors?we call thom
sleepers to distinguish thom from the
other passengers. There is a do.lar. I
suppose you think tho porter puts that
? n his pocket. Woll. If he is an old man
on tho road and has influcnco at hoad
quarters ho koops all he can got?I
don't dony that. Hut lot mo tell you
something that isn't generally known.
There is a spy on every train that goes
out of Chicago or runs into it I don't
mean to say that tho company puts a
spy on every train, though it is somo
times done. Hut tho spy is thoro just
the same. lie may want the ob of
porter for himself or friend, llo reports
evory inattention and shortcoming of
tho man who has the job. Or tho spy
may be a spy for revenue only, as is fre?
quently the case. The spy may bo in
any position from train-boy up, and the
minute the porter (Inda out who he is
ho begins to pay him tribute, unless, as
1 said before, the porter is solid at head?
quarters. To mako a long story short
the porter has to pay out half he makes
to hold his job. That's so, and every
portor knows it Tho newspapers have
lots of fun at our expense, but they
wouldn't think it was so funny if they
had the job for awhile. I am not kick?
ing, for 1 am ono of the solid ones. But
I know tho business from tho bottom
Hern a Good Hoy.
Willie (down in tho country writing
home to his father)?And I have been a
good boy, too, papa. I haven't run away
fur a week.
Willie's Mamma (adding a postscript)
?Willie has been confined to the house
for a W< ok with a very sore toe.?Chi?
Mrs. Sum way?I see that Venus turns
round only once a year.
Sum way-?Sho doesn't meet many
women with new bonnets on, then.?N.
?Soiled clothes should not be allowed
to reman in the bod rooms. They La.nt
the a.r and make it impure.
La?i?s, Misses and Cfflren of Roamfe an? ? VicinitT
For the next ten days we will make a bold attempt to close out female slioe stock. S?
in order to do this we will allow 25 per cent, off on Ladies', Misses' and Children's shoes.
The balance of onr stock, consisting of clothing, hats and gents' furnishing goods, which
we will sell at prime cost till entire stock is sold. Call at once to get first choice.
jmw mwh urn CLOTHING C0MPAH1
112 Commerce Street.
Youman's hats, known to all, at Cohn's; vStctsons' soft and stiff, at Cohn's; Silverman's
stiff and silk, at Cohn's; Melville soft and stiff, at Cohn's, and others too numerous
Double-breasted sack suits at Cohn's; double-breasted frock suits at Cohn's; single
breasted cutaway sacks at Cohn's; single-breasted cutaway frocks at Cohn's; Prince
Alberts and full-dress at Cohn's; short and stout suits for short men at Cohn's; extra
length suits for long men at Cohn's; extra large suits at Cohn's.
OVERCOATS OF EVERY DESCRIPTION,
Separate pants all sizes and fabrics. Our fall underwear is now on sale. We carry
the American Hosiery Company underwear, besides many other makes. Our neckwear,
hose, handkerchiefs, suspenders, etc., are far ahead of all, as usual. Our tailoring depart?
ment is on a boom. Don't wait too long to place your order. vSave your time and money
by visiting our mammoth clothing establishment. You can find anything you want, any
price 3'ou want, and will certainly have no farther to go.
The Salem avenue clothier, tailor and furnisher, No. 44 Salem
avenue, Roanoke, Va. E. M. Davvson, Manager.
The leading house in Southwest
We are now serving: the celebrated
LINN HAVEN BAY OYSTERS,
In every style?Fried, Stewed, Broiled,
etc., and we make a specialty of
In addition, we have the finest
Pool and Billiard Parlor
in the State.
Ladies' and Gents' ? Dining
Rooms up stairs.
OPEN ALL NIGHT.
Ghas. J. Ormsby,
Ill First st. s. w., Roanoke, Va.
R. I. BOSNIAN, E. D. TUCKER,
Agents for improved and unimproved city
and suburban property. Have some special
bargains that can be resold quickly at a good
A. J. DAVIS. J. A. PAGE. AUGUST BONING
js/l^j^b} HVEonsriEry fast.
If you want to niako
Safe and Profitable Investmente,
Call on or writo to
Heating by Steam, Hot Water or Hot
ROOFING, OCTTKUISO, SI'OITINO.
?101 JEFFERSON ST..
Estimates choorfully frivor on this line
of work. jofl-Om
XD^TVXS^ lE^^GKE cSs 00.,
Real Estato Apents, 22 Salem Avenue, Roanoke, Va.
Wo have a corps of salesmen that will always bo ready to show our customers
about the city. Parties desiring information in tho mater of invostmonts.
great or small, will do well to consult us. oa*3-lnr ^
S. S. SH?FER,
No. 5 SALEM AVE. - - - FULL STOCK.
Jlin!Mf REPAIRING PROMPTLY EXECUTED.