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THE STUDY OF FACES.
? Science Which I? Capable of Heine Re?
duced to fixed Kulm. I
Itovorond John Kaspar Lavator, a clt
Jr.on of Zurich, was tho first to provo
that physiognomy is a sclonco, which
can ho reduced to fixed rules. In a
?Orion of remarkable ossays, with many
illustrations, ho claims tho possibility
*>f a comploto system, mental Btates be?
ing rovoaled by tho occipital muscle,
?and tho roctus suporior of tho oye.
?Lavator was inspired with a gonulno
8ovo for tho soionco, ranking no study
blghor, since bo says, "What a ray of
divinity in that countenance! ICvory
?thing declares it to bo a copy after a
'Dlvino Original." Lavator himself Is
large-minded, making many concessions
tand Unding iu "some facos, which bo
ftong to chatuoloon-souls, tho possibili?
ties of what men mi-lit and ought to
fco." Zopyrus, detecting brutal quali?
fies in the face of Socrates, was con?
firmed in bis stateniont by tho philoso?
pher himself, we read, as ho admitted
that suc.n had indeed boon bis traits in
early life, but that, by effort bo eradi?
cated them. Lavator instances many
woll-known fa"os, among others that of
?Clcoro, which he characterizes as "lumi?
nous and intelligent," that of Plato in
which iie flnds "wisdom almost divine,"
and Brutus, in which ho soes "tmshakon
?firmness." "Wisdom and probity" aro
cloar to him in Marcus Aurolius, and ho
discovers the "fathor of poets" in
flomor's countenance. "1 have noon u
criminal with a face like one of Guido's
angels," says ono author. To this La
j vator well replies that "aman born with
' happy disposition with delicate and ir?
ritable libers, may plungo Into crime, and
/yotbe better than a hundred others, who
(glass for good, and who aro incapable of
oxecss." Poets, in all aces and coun?
tries, have boon believers in physiog?
nomy. Lotus take testimony from thorn.
Herder speaks of the eyes as "windows
of t'ne sen!." Shakespeare says, "there's
?10 art to find the mind's construction in
tho face." Milton and Drydon are of
tho samo mind, as tho formor says.
: "cruel bis eye," and the latter sees
1 "counsel" in tho human countenance.
"Manly majesty sate in his front, and
darted from his eyes, commanding all
he viewed." we read in lEdipus. Aris?
totle, an I In tnodorn times ourown Eth
orson, perceived in human countenances
traits resembling tho brute creation.
Cdarsonoss, cruelty, vanity and shallow
noss bo tray themselvos, wiiiiu rollno
mont, culture, kindness, tho spiritual
'iifo will transform tho most ordinary
features. Lavator bncamo bo skilled,
after years of study, that bo could dis?
tinguish the farmers from one part of
England rrom those of another, merely
by observation of t ho differences in their
facos. Th ? modern student, will Und
this nOicnco a fa';" in a ting on-. Tho
profib'sof Dante, Savonarola and Goorgo
Eliot resemble oach other. In tho facos
of Shakespeare and liurna tho forehoad
and eyes ox press lofty intelligence com?
bined with poetic sensibility. In Shel?
ley's broad brow and feminine beauty wo
;cecoghizo the rare and scnsitlvo spirit
that dwell within, even as soon In tho
joountenancu of our own beloved Ilaw
Ahorne. Ilud Cleopatra's nose been of a
different shape, says ono writer, the for?
tunes of tho world would have been
changed. Tito beauty of Helen was tho
causa of the Trojan war. Tho face of
Hary of Scotland won for her many
tfrionds, and made tho ill-favored Quoon
<?f England her life-long and vindictive
?foe. ? Anna Olcott Comtnolin, In Open
JACK'S COSTLY RIDE.
An EnB?sli Tur Mount* th- llronzo Storni
?>r Peter the <;n-i\t.
Amonir tho most famous "sights" of
St. Petersburg is a flnocquestrianstatuo
in bron/.e of its renowned creator, Peter
tho Great. Tho figure ?which stands
on the left bank of tho Neva, opposito
tho Senate House?is appropriately
mounted on a hugo block of grey gr.inito
/rora Last, Finland, which was ono of
Peter's tirst.conquests, Tho great Czar
Is represented as sitting erect on a rear?
ing horse, and pointing with his right
band to the spot on tho opposito bank
where bo built with his own hands in
1704 tho first bouso of his now capital.,
whllo bon lath his horso's hoofs lios
?rushed tho scrpont that typifies tho
irrovellin'x ignoranco and superstition
which impeded his grand designs. Now,
it happened that ono cold autumn night
an Entrlisli sailor, who had just landed
from a newly arrived cargo steamer,
was strolling back across tho Senate
House-square, and, as his ill-luck would
bavo it, stopped to take a passing look
at the iinpei ial statue. "Well, if that's
the thin? they make such a fuss about,
[ don't thin t< much of it!" cried Jack, dis?
dainfully. "It's nothing like so big as I
thought itw.is. Why: I could climb to the
fcop of it myself; and I will, too." No
joonersaid Ii an done. Over tho railings
went hold Jack, an 1, clawing his way
nimbly up tho roughoncd surface of tho
jrranit ? pit le tal, ho succeeded in clutch?
ing first tin ' dl of tho sorpont and then
that of tii" ho so, and found himself in
& trico Hstr le ol tho latter, close behind
the bron/" fi'/uro of tho Czar. So far so
pood, bnl lust nt that critical moment
the moon c ? .lei over, and poor Jack
could nol si n how on earth to get down
again. What was to be done? To stay
?where, ho wan perched on that cold
bron/.e. w.ould i>" little better than sui
?ide o i such hittornight. Todoscend
would be to risk breaking bis neck or
limbs; a id to call for help would de?
liver him ot once into tho hands of tho
police. Rut tho quostion was unexpect?
edly settled for him. His muttered ex?
clamations of dismay caught the quick
ears ol a pas ing patrol, who at once
turned their lanterns upon the monu?
ment, whence trie sounds appeared to
Issue, and, discovering Master Jack in
his elevated position, promptly sent for
a ladder and hauledhlin down. A night
in the tfliu-si police look-up) rewarded
our horo's exi nit, and too next morn?
ing a storn-facial Prefect of Police sen?
tenced him to a "no which loft poor
Jnck's ; e - .,s empty as his head,
lilencliiv :iie< ulprit'S remonstrances by
saviiuT. iVitt jrim smile?"if you will
fldo with the 1 'ar, my friend, you must
I'mxpcrt opH' high for amount."?Cas
' toll's s>atuiu.ij Journal.
TEN HUSBAND POISONERS.
Women 'Who Dltpoaert of Their Worur
Unlve* with Fly-Paper. .
Marriago must bo doomed a failure, at
all ovonts in the district of Mitrovltx,
at which town ten women are now tak?
ing their trial on tho charge of poison?
ing thoir husbands by moans of arsenic,
procured, as suggested in the Maybrick
caso, from fly-papors. Tho acousod are
Makrena Stankovio, residing at Bingu
la, agod forty-eight, with one child, and
charged with administering arsonlo to
hor husband, nlocc, father-in-law and a
neigh bor, and also with having suppllod
arsonio which cuused the doath of fivo
other porsons, poisonod by thoir wivoa;
Nata Nestorov, aged forty-eight,
mother of four children, living at Bin
gula, charged with poisoning her hus?
band with arsenic; Milica Plavsic, aged
fifty-throe, mothor of ono child, living
at Divuscha and charged with having
aided and abottod tho two last-named
prisoners in poisoning thoir husbands
by buying fly-papers for them at Neusatz;
Stephanie Ilicio Bailie, agod forty-nino,
mothor of ono child, living at Bingula,
and charged with poisoning her hus?
band with arsonic; Mara Danilovlo Sav
kario, agod thirty-six, married, living at
Erdovik, and charged with having by
tbo samo means poisoned her husband
and another man; Jola Kndoycic Ostojlc,
aged thirty-nine, mother oT four chil?
dren, residing at, Erdovik; Stovka Jag
masovio, aged fifty-four, with throo chil
ron, residing at Erdovik; Ljuba Djako
vic Ilinacki, fifty-years old, mother of
one child, living at Erdovik; Ljuba Oav
rilovic, aged thirty-eight, with three
children, living at Erdovik, all charged
with poisoning their husbands by ad?
ministering arsenic; Simon Sromcic,
thirty-live years old, charged with pro?
viding tho poison which caused his
brother's death, and finally, Milka
Maralic, aged sixty, living at Nestln,
charged with poisoning a woman.
All tho prisoners are peasants and bo
long to the (Jreok orthodox religion.
They are all accused of murder, except
Simon Srumelo and Milica Plavsic. Tim
judicial expert, a chemist from Agram,
declared that the traces of arsenic. In tho
human body would bo perceptible In
the hair and beard long after
? complete decomposition of the in
i testines. Iiis testimony was borno
; out by tho condition of several
: bodies exhumed in connootlon with
tho Mitrov tz trial. The deat hs occurred
> in |ss), is-::, 1884, l^sr,, issil and 18S8,
! yot distinct traces of arsonio were found.
' In each ca.se it had boon obtained from
: lly-papcrs. Each shoot contained forty
! llvOcentigrammesof tho poisonous drug,
whereas ten to ItftOon centigrammes tiro
I enough to causii tho death of a Strong
? man, therefore ono paper would Builico
to kill three or four people. According
! to partial confessions made l,y BOtuo of
I the accused, thoir victims did not till
Buffer tbo samo length of time. In cor
j tain instancos death followed rapidly,
: while in othors it camo on gradually.
I Eva Sarac, who died in prison last Octo
! her, was tho instigator of Umso various
1 crimes. She whs a kind of village witch,
j who proparod lovo-draughts for tho girls
! of tho locality as well as poison for tho
; men. Ely-papers were often fetched
; for her from Neusatz by tho woman
1 Plavsic, and before her death sho con
i fessed to having supplied Stankovlc and
; Nestorov with arsenic to poison their
j husbands. Makrena Stankovlc, tho
I loading porsonago in thin terrible drama,
j was undoubtedly a pupil of Sarac. Sho
i lived with hor niece, whom sho robbed
I of ono hundred llorlns. Tho latter
j threatened to prosecute hor, but was
taken suddenly ill and died.- Vienna
THE SHAH'S DAUGHTERS.
I night of Them Hnvo Succeotled In Making j
(loud Match Ii?.
The Shah 'became a father at tbo ago
; of sixteen years, wherefore his oldest
! children aro now well advanced in life.
Iiis eldest daughter is nearly forty-tivo
years old and is called tho (Jlory of
Kings. Sho married tho son of tho in as
' tor of tho mint, one of tho richest mon
I in Persia. When tiio mastor died, how
i ever, tho Shah took possession of tho
! bulk of his fortune. Naturally tho non
| in-law felt himself Ill-treated, and fail
! ing to obtain any rodress, he left Persia
and wont to Paris. There ho distin?
guished himself by tho uttor rookloss
, ness of his career, until his imperial
' father-in-law for vory shame recalled
him and gavo him what was left of his
inheritance, llo had previously boon
j marrlod to tho adopted daughter of
Mmo. Hadji Abbas, a clever Kronch
woman, whom Hadji Abbas, the court
j painter, married in Paris and took to
Teberon, at the requost of tho ladioa of
' tho harem, to teach them tho European
lino art of millinery. Tho second daugh?
ter of tho Shah, called tho Light of tho
Empire, is tho wife of General Yusuf
! Rh ad. Number three and four, tho
Pride of the Empire and the Purity of
Empire, are married, tho ono to a high
court official, tho other to tho chief
priest of Teheran. AH the eight grown?
up daughters of the Shah, indeed, have
made good matchos.
I Thoy have, perhaps, mado bettor
matches than thoir husbands. For it is
not altogether profitable, to bo a son-in
law of tho Shah. A Princess spends
much, and her carriages and runnor, hor
I many servants and the lavish entertain?
ments sho is obliged to give to other
] Princesses generally cost much more
J than the SIO.UOO por annum which tho
i Shah gives as a dowry. The Shah, too,
I Is more apt to tako any thing from a
son-in-law than from a stranger or a
person not related to him, and another
drawback is that the husband of a Shah's
daughter loses more or less of his lib?
erty, can not tako other wives and must
do as his wife pleases. Tbo only ono,
perhaps, of tho Shah's sons-in-law who
has kept his liberty is tho chief priest
of Teheran.. He is ablo to bring relig?
ion to hear on the subject; can possibly
justify any tiling he does by tho Koran
and traditions, and has tho clergy with
tueir enormous intluunce to hack .lira
up. ? London Letter.
?A young man in Findlay, ?.,
whose advanced died about a year ago,
has now sot all the gossips thero tlik?
ing by eloping with the irirPs inotuer, a
woman alnio.it, lifty yours old.
For Bargains in Real Estate,
Fine residence and business property, in any part of Roanoke,
call on or address
L. L. POWELL & COMPANY
Roanoke, Va. Office Stewart Building, Third avenue, opposite city postoffice. u
Great Sale of Lots, Dec. 11 and 12,
SALEI IMPROVEMENT COMPANY.
R. II. WOUTUAM,
Formerly with N. \V. lt. U.
E. A. Bl.AKK,
Formerly with N. & W. R. R.
TERMS: One-third cash; balance in one and two years.
Tboso lots Uo on principal business and residence streets. The
property adjoins the old town, and is surrounded by the lands of other strong1
companies, it is the tnost valuable property in Salem. Tho Norfolk
sad Western and the Dummy lino to Roanoke run through it and have their
Dassenger Stations on it. Streets have been graded and macadamized,
and the, town water system extended through them.
?aleni has made more rapid and substantial progress in one
year than any other city in Yiruinia; 318 houses have been built; about
SI,000,000 spent in buildings and improvements; the population has
doubled, and the business of tho postotlico and telegraph ofllco increased
500 per cent.
The iron furnace, the factories in operation, in course of erection, and
actually secured, will employ several thousand hands, and tho present
population will be doubled in another year. Negotiation^ are in prog?
ress to secure other large plants.
Tim I ia It im ore and Ohio and Roanoko and Southern will soon bo built to
Salem, making it an important railway center.
Salem is bound soon to be a great iron and steel and general manu?
facturing and commercial city; and Salem and Roanoke, now
rapidly growing together, will bo tho industrial center of Virginia, the
gateway to the gn at iron and coal region of Southwest Virginia.
Kor large, sure and quick profits, now is tho time to invest in Salem, tho
"Queen City of the Southwest."
ENORMOUS PROFITS ARE BEING MADE IN REAL ESTATE.
Vor maps, pamphlet Of 32 pages, etc., address
J. W. F. ALLEMONG, President, Salem, Virginia.
WORTH AM & BLAKE,
Real Estate and Insurance Agents, 13 Jeffer?
son street, Roanoke, Va.
Lock box 266.
W. S. COUCH,
C. E. HOOK.
11. L. CIUKKS
Sec'y A Tr?
OFFICE IN CITIZENS' BANK BUILDING.
Makesand Negotiates First-Class Investments.
For heavy-weight suits and
WYTHE COUNTY, VA.
Distinctly M Bitel Mining Town in Soutnwest Virginia.
Tho largest mines, the richest lands, tho finest timber surrounds I vanhoe.
Tho No. 1 furnace of the New Hirer Mineral Company now in uuooosfrful
Romoke Trust, Loan and Safe Deposit Co.
Statement, October 31,1890.
Loans and discounts.$325,097 31
Stocks. 223,2(55 00
Heal estate. 13,500 00
Furniture. tiOO 00
Cash on hand and in banks. . 115,503 53
Kxponsos and taxe*. 2.SS7 62
Undivided profits and groBS
earnings. 127,985 15
Deposits on certificate. 95,084 73
Deposits on check. 107,450 02
Mills payable. 5,058 33
ltedibcounts. 34,735 23
Large Foundry, Machine Shops
and Stove Works
I?. L. TERRY, Pres
S. W. JAMISON, Seo'y.
Trout, Edw. Nininger. S. W. Jamison, P. L.Terry,
J. a. Jamison.
Pulaski City, Va.
Bluefield, W. Va.
The above houses offer superior accommodations to the travel?
ling public. Sample rooms for commercial men.
ZTrecl IE. ZF'oster, ?^Ta.rxa^grer.
Under construction. Free sites and liberal indueoments to manufacturers.
Immense limestone and .iron and zinc mines are being worked or doTOlopod
within the town. Important industries secured, and negotiations pending
A railroad junction in the heart of the greatest
iron region in the United States. The only
town on this great Southern connec?
tion of the Norfolk and Western
The world famous limonlto ami mountain ores of the Cripple Creek V?l
ley and the celebrated Oossan and magnetic ores of Carroll county are within
minimum haul of Ivanboe. In direct communication with the Pooahontan
coal and coke fields. Being 2,000 foot above the sea the climate is unsur?
passed by the celebrated mountain resorts of tho world. Vast tracts of Virgla
forests close to hand that can bo floated down to Ivanboe.
Magnificent hotel, stores and dwellings under
contract. The cheapest and best lots
in the South.
ivanhoe Land and improvement Co.
VIRGINIA BREWING COMPANY,
Drewera and Dottlers of Pure Lager Iteer.
Ei-iport -Beer a, Specle-lt^
Telephone, No. 104, Roanoke, Virginia.
A >l t. v es ai
und friends bulled in the Cit.
Cemotory are notified thai .'tiny will
purchase a lot in K.ntviiw Cemetery
their dead will bo reu. ved free of
cbargo. ThlSprivllefe is i nly ftxU>'dcd
to Jaunary 1, IS'.M. Sal! <>u C. .
Woolwine. W. p. HUFF,
C. W. 0. WOO! WXNR,
UK RIVKRMONT COMPANY.
l.TMcuiiBHU, Va., Nov. 13, 1690.
j A general meeting of the stockholder*
' of tho RiVermont Company is hereby
! called to meet in this city, at the Calos
thenio Hall, on Thursday, tho Kith day
I of December, at 4 o'clock p. m. Hy
I order of the board of dir* Otors.
1 novl*-l?i A. M. DOYLE, Sec'y