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THE VIRGINIA GAZETTE
Established 1/36 by William Parke - First to Publish the Declaration of Independence* W. 0 Johnston. Editor and
VOL.175 (OldSeries.) VOL XXL (New Series.) NO. 4 WILLIAMSBURG. VA.. JUNK 19. 1913 $1.50 PER YEAR
MANY GRADUATES AT WILLIAM AND
MARY LAST THURSDAY
COMMENCEMENT DAV WAS DNE OF THE MOST IN?
TERESTING OF THE CLOSING EXERCISES
Last Thursday was commence- 8
ment day proper at William and
Mary, and proved to be the most in?
teresting of the week's exercises.
Tbe academic procession formed at
the library building, led by President
Tyler and Mr. Gaillard Hunt who
was to deliver the baccalaureate ad?
dress. The exercises opened with
prayer by the Rev. J VV. Hethorn
of the Williamsburg Presbyterian
President Lyon G.Tyler made the
opening address after which the Pi
Kappa Alpha and James Barron
Hope scholarships, given by R. M.
Hughes. Esq., were awarded to Mr.
E. 13. Thomas. The Magazine medal
was awarded to Mr. A_rthur W.
James. The following young gentle?
men were awarded scholarships:
Messrs. W. C. Ferguson. Victor
Emery, Shackleford. W. G. Parker
and J. W. Massy.
Amid the enthusissm of the large
audience, the following young gentle,
men were awarded degrees:
Teacher's Diplomas.?AJvin Fran?
cis Beale, Alvin Carle Cooper, Wil?
bur Robbins Demeron, aAndrcw
Leckie Garland, Douglas Meriwether
Griggs, Henry Rufus Hamilton, John
Robert Horne, Edgar Aiutus Leach,
William Franklin Metcalf, Charles
Clark Renick, Ernest Linwood
Bachelors of Science.?Aiexandc
Brodowski, Lemuel Francis Games
Waynne Carr Metcalf, John Halpii
Bachelors of Arts.?Wilber Rob
bins Dameron, Sam Hildreth Hub
bard, Arthur Wilson James, Jobi
Dameron Moore, Charles Harmoi
Schcpmoes, Earl Baldwin Thoma:
Robert Clarence Warburton, Pexc
Lewis Witchlcy, John Halpin Wrigh
The conferring of the honorer
degree of LL. D. on Mr. Gaillar
Hunt, chief of Archives Departmen
Washing, D. C, and Samuel Blac
McCormick, Chancellor of the Un
versity of Pittsburgh, was most in
The final ball, which was large!
attended, proved one of the mo
successful social features of tl
commencement season, closing tl
session of 191213.
The William and Mary Board
Visitors was in session during tl
finals, and while much work w;
done, none of it was of interest
the public, being mostly routine. /
the regular members of the facul
General regret is expressed arno:
thc townspeople who knew him ov
the departure from William ai
Mary of Dr. W. J. Young, t
physical director and coach. I
Young had been here several sessio
and had worked hard to build i
athletics at the college. He has i
complished much good that will
seen ic future years when the smo
of battle shall have passed san
His successor has not been chose
and Dr. Young has not decid
where he -will locate or what he a
do next s**ssion.
Norge, Va. June 18th.?The Y.
L. U. held a picnic at R. Marshal
on York River, last Sunday. 1
first on the program being a !
basket dinner on the lawn after wh
the afternoon was spent in bath:
and launch riding. All who attenc
report haviag a fiat time.
Mrs. Paul Moen and little Paul. Jr.,
of Canby. Minn,, are spending some
time here with the former's parents.
Mr. and Mrs. J. B. Jenson.
Miss Harriette Bangs, left Monday
morning tor Rohrsburg, Pa., to visit
with friends until her school opens
here in the fall.
Mr. and Mrs. M. J. Slater, of Troy,
N. Y., are here on their honeymoon,
and are visiting with the latter's sis?
ter, Mrs. H. A. Bergh and family.
Mr. aod Mrs. James R Farthing,
also a honeymoon couple, returned
here Monday evening after spending
a few days with the latter's people in
Louisa County. They will reside oe
their farm near Croaker.
Mrs. Rev. Gundenson, of N. Y. is
holding a month's Norwegain school
here in the public school house.
Mr. L. Humphreys, spent Monday
night with his family at Williams?
burg. He will move them to Norge
in the near future. Mr. D W. Mars?
ton is having the house on "Taylors"
put in thorough repair for him.
Messrs. S. P. Lary and L. C
Phillips, of Riverview farm, were ic
Richmond last week. Mr. Phillip!
has just had a flowing wei', dug anc
others in that vicinity will follow.
Mr. J. H. K!nde was in Williams
burg Monday moruing.
Miss Harriet Bangs, of Norge
formerly teacher of Magruder Higl
School, left for Pennsylvania Mon
Tnere will tx- ? celebration at Jen
son's Grove at Norge, the 4th c
July, Refreshments will be sold o
the grounds. Shooting, throwing i
the niger head, the merry-go-roun
etc. Come and bring your haskel
and spenn the day.
VISITOR WILL PREACH
Rev. J. D. McAlister. secretary (
the Anti-Saloon League of Virgini
and a forcible speaker, will preac
in the Williamsburg Methodi
church next Sunday, June 22, at
o'clock p. m.
Dr. Whitley, the pastor, will prea<
at 11:15 a. m., on "The Fine Art
Being Good in Hot Weather." Tl
public is cordially invited to all tl
services of this church.
The State Department of Ag
culture is mailing out this week
June Bulletin. The farmers of t
State, who receive this valuable pu
lication, will find it contains mu
helpful informatien they Ci.n put
practical use. Every farmer in t
State should receive these BuHetii
They are seat out free on appiu
*ion io Comm'r Koiner.
This issue is especially interest]
and timely. The importance of i
I" farmers organizing and co-operati
is emphasised in a strong, leadi
subjects discussed are:- How to ci
hay; Grow crops that are rich
protein and save baying high-p ric
concentrated feeds; Thc soy bean
a feeding crop; Results from fe
P. lizer experiments with bearing ap
l's, trees; The bog is one of Virgini
he promising crops; Farmers' Qn
big Oar farmers must get together; H
ich year pastures; Poultry hints; 1
ing father's influence over thc coan
lcd boy; Forage crops for grastog; i
EARTH ROADS HOW TO
REPAIR AND MAINTAN
K yon look at the ordinary cona
try road after a shower, yon will sec
small puddles a'ong the wheel ruts
and sometimes larger pools. This
water stays on the road surfsce be?
cause it cannot drain away into the
side ditches. If you look closely
you will ?ee side ditches which have
grown up with bushes and weeds tn
many cases, and which are so far
trom the traveled part ot thc road
that the rain water does not drain
late them. Tnat part of the road?
way where the wagons travel is call?
ed the traveled way. To pre vern
water from standing oo the traveled
way the road should be raised in th?
center and should slope gently iotc
broad shallow ditches. It is ther
said to have a crown. It it is 1(
feet from tbe center of the road t;
the side ditch, the surface at thi
side ditch should be at least 10 in
ches lower than it is at the cente
where the horses travel. The roa<
then has a 10-inch crown. Th
rain that falls op a road proper!
crowned wiii run quickly to the sid
and not soak into the surface c
form pools. Tne side ditches fe
surface water, should run parallel t
the right of way, and should fa
open at every low point so that th
water ctn run out of thrm inf
neighboring brocka or streams,
the ditches merely collect the watt
trom the road surface and it can ni
run away, larg* pools will be forme
along the roadside, which will gra<
nally soak into the soil beneath t)
road and make it so soft that tl
wheels of wagons will cut throuj
the road surface and soon destroy
Sometimes water rans from lai
alang the road into the road ai
forms a little stream down the whe
tracks or in the middle where t
horses travel. When driveways ir
farm yards are built across the si
ts | ditches they frequently form chi
nels for water from the farm yard
run into the road. The pipes unc
driveways become filled with lea\
or rubbish and the water can
longer run away. If the drivewi
that stop the ditch water were i
ces sa ry and the ditch could be 1
open, much trouble from surfs
water would be stopped.
Sometimes a road runs across 1
ground or through a swamp wh
the road can not be drained by s
ditches alone. If the road w
built higher like a railroad em ba:
ment across such low land and mi
with a crown, it would be dry a
hard. Sometimes a road psi
|U I through what is calleu * cut. 1
' is a place where the earth has b
dug out so that the road can go a
a hill without being too steep. V
ter which always flows quietly un
the ground on hill sides is knowi
ground water. In road cuts si
water sometimes makes the rc
very muddy, and the road t
needs what road builders call eal
drainage. A good kind of uo<
drainage is a trench to go along
der the side drain and about 3
deep and a foot and a half wide.
this trench a pipe is laid near
bottom and covered arith loose si
es no bigger then an egg. When
trench is completely filled with lc
stones the ground water, insteai
soaking into the roadway, will i
among the stones and flow di
thc bili through thc pipe.
To keep a road smooth
crowned the best method is to c
a's it with a road drag. A road dta
made easily with two halves of a
which has been split. The
should be about 6 or 8 inches
thickness ead about 6 or 8 feet 1
The two halves ol thc log are
tCoOUBttCd 90 arhajto)
WORK IN CHARLES CITY
Comparatively few people are
familiar with the work which is being
done on the Peninsula among the
giris under the direction of the
Bureau of Agriculture at Washington.
Cranes City and New Kent are
among the few counties in the state
fortunate enough to secure a county
Demonstrator to work among the
girls, as so many counties applied to
Miss Agnew, the state agent, for the
work, the funds on hand were not
sufficient to meet the demand.
The plan for the work may be
briefly outlined as follows:
A county Demonstrator is em?
ployed, wh**se duty it is to go
through the county and organize the
girls in the various school centers in?
to clubs. Every girl who joins s
cub agrees to cultivate ouc-tenth
acre of tomatoes under the direction
of the Demonstrator, following her
instructions and keeping accurate ac?
counts of all the work done on her
plot, ir. order that she may clearly
show the cost and net gain at the er.d
of the season. When the fri:
ripe the Demonstrator goes to each
club and gives demonstrations of
canning tomatoes as well as other
Thc canning outfit used is so ar?
ranged that it may be strapped to
the back of the buggy and taken
tr j from place to place. It is set up
et the trees in tbe shade and coo]
and there the work is done
The motto of thc Girls' Canning
clubs is "To Make the Best Betsnr.'
The girls specialize cn tomat oe;
the first year in order that they ma-j
learn to do some one thing well
After the first year they branch ou
to other vegetables and fruits.
Some girls have canned as high a
1500 quart cans from one-tenth aa
The average net gain in Vir pi ria lal
season was $16 per girl, and this sf
ter -paying herself for her labor an
in spite of a very dry season.
The objects of the Girls' Demoi
stration Work are:
(, 1) To encourage rural f a min?
to provide purer snd better food I
a lower cost, and utilize the surph
and otherwise waste products of tb
orchard and garden, and make tl
poultry yard an effective part of tl
(2) To stimulate interest ar
wholesome cooperation among men
hers of the family in the home.
(3) To provide some means I
which girls may earn money at hom
and. at the same time, get the educ
tion and viewpoint necessary for tl
ideal farm life.
(4) To open the way for prac tic
demonstrations in home economic
15) To furnish earnest teach-*
a plan for aiding their pupils si
helping their communities.
In New Kent Clubs hsve been c
ganised at the following places ai
are doing splendid work: Quintc
Whitehouse and Lanexa. In Charl
City county there are clubs at Mot
Pleasant, Bethany, Binns Hall ai
In Charles City thc work of lit
Miss Edna May Wilkinson at Sam
Point and of Miss Sallie Hubbard
Bethany deserves special mawtii
Both of these girls have alreai
shown marks of business ability
carrying out directions and th
plots bear evidence of this. Hu
girls are both under 12 -fears of ai
Miss Sue C. Cieaton, who is t
County Demonstrator, will be gi
to give imformstion or assistance
any oae interested in this work.
Soe C. Cieaton,
Highland Puk. Richmo^ Vi.
GROAT NAY AOAIN OPERATE THE
WILLIAMSBURG KNITTING MILL
REPORTEHTHAT Ht Will BE ABLE TO PA1 K
ITS DEBTS ANB SAVE HIMSELF
It is reported that Mr. C. C.
Groat, owner of thc Williamsburg
knitting mi.l, which went into volun?
tary hanruptcy the first of this
mooth, has raised thc money to pey |
off the indebtedness ot thc concern
and to pot the plant in operation. It
is said that Mr. Groat has written tu
Williamsburg people who are in?
terested io thc plant, to thia effect.
Thi total indebted a ase of the con.
s shout SSS OOO, more than
half of which represents first mort?
gage bonds It is supposed that thc
| owner, whose failure was broaght
about by lack ot capital to finance
the enterprise, has interested men of
means aod .hat they will pat up
cash necessary to pay off thc claims
and operate the plant. This will stop
the bankruptcy proceedings.
It is said that Mr. Groat has cot
siderablc cash invested that he will
ioub:iess lose it the mill is so-id bv
Ihe trustees in bankruptcy. Creditors
stand a good chance of los og alao
and they will no doubt bc glad to
settle their clams at considerably
less than face value.
Thc report that Mr. Groat hai
prospects of again getting the coe
cern on its feet has boen well re
rd here, lt is generally belts
that the Williamsburg mill has neve
had a "fair shake." becaase it hat
never had enough capital necessary
to operate a plant of its magnitude
It is certain that the mill could b
made to pay handsomely if ru
properly and backed by mone
enough to conduct it.
Thc story that labor could not fa
secured herc has been discoutec
for some unknown reason the repo
was sent out that the first em barra
ment of the mill was caused by tac
of labor. The real troub.c waa lac
of money to operate on the tea
necessary to make it pay.
Norvell L. Henley was in Norfo
Tuesday to appear in thc Peder
court in reference to the sale of tl
..ider a dead of trust held t
the Peninsula Sank, whicn was sto
ped a few weeks ago by order
Holdcroft, Va.. June 17.?j
traces of smallpox have disappear
from our section. A case o' neaa
bas developed, however, to ma
| things interesting herc.
Kula. thc infant daughter of I
and Mrs. Walter P. Binns, di
Wednesday sf ter -weeks of suffern
Charles City court convenes Thu
day. The all absorbing case of
ter est will bc thc trial of Nea
Walker th. -wife murderer. Wall
is said to bc very low spirited a
has no hope of mercy when he fa<
Farmers whose work was mc
hindered by recent rains arc now i
proving their opportunity and .
making nay while the sun is shim
Mr. Rufus S. Penny aad M
Effie U. Morecock wara married
Richmond Wednesday. Juna 3. j
aod Mr* Penny are now at th
home, "Partners' Rest"
Mr. George W. Morecock. a big]
leepertaii eittaan aad Coafeder
veteran, was operated oa for can
recently and is doing areli at proa*
Misses Belle Corlis aad Mar
Southall have returned keene fr
the State Normal school at Fr
ericksburg. aad Spencer Binns fr
Norfolk school Mite Lelia B
geek, of *9xtm HalU who hath
attandbg school in mm north, Iras*
also retuned Inna.
Miss Miaarra Walker of thia adeem
is ana ni tha recant gradaataa of the
Toano High school.
Among recent '?natters herc are
Mrs. J. W. Cauthor-ce aad dataghtar.
Mies Mamie; Mra. Virginia Martin.
Mr. A. W. Binna and Miaa Sam
Cieaton. of Rtchmoad; Mr. C H.
Morecock. of Norfolk; Mice Sallie
Nance, of Charles City; aad Mr. T.
W. Parsons, of Tetbngtoa.
Mrs. S. J. Binas, Gardiaer aod
Floyd Binns, aod Miss Fannie
Darlington, are visiting ia
FROM AN OLD CJNFEBUATE
Only s few words about the
ieca-od aoaivarsary of the barnie of
Bethel, the first battle of 1861-* 65
Surviving Virginia Confednnns
isaruana at Bethel fifty-two -years
?go will not be apt ta forget it whan
they recall the claim of oar Tarheel
-omrades about being 'Heat al
Bethel." And neither will tha v
tinta veterans tull surviving who
?sere arith General Lewis Armiataad
-shea he fell at Gc tty borg fosaset the
ml. tanara daimetftfaeOM North
State as to being " farthest at Gettvt
barg." No! No! This ia all idle.
cbiidiah talk ot Judge Clark's. He
should know better, for he ia a cle-er
and intelligent gentleman. His ar?
gument and logic ia oaly sophu
ti cal. and at beat rests only oa im?
aginary premises. Virginia artillery
cavalry aad in: au try. a bo ot 5UU
sfqpf-g. hoi-ped to aiaka a lacoeaafai
result st Bethel f..ty two yeera ago.
A Virginian, that gallant -soldier
," 1 of fortune. General John B. Ma
''grader (" Prince John." as he was
known in the old -service).
in command of tho Conti
area fortunata ia haviag Colonel D.
H. Hill's regiment of North Caro?
linians to round up a handaMrme. de?
A Richmond daily, in its Saadea
' 1 issue, tells of the part porformadby
Mrs. Hannah Taanall. a bra se.
patriotic Virginia women, winch
greedy contributed to Q-aro?Jaisia
succcss at Bethel. Juan 10. 1861.
rhe writer thinks thia trna and
nobie Virginia matron was the first
at Bethel" tkat J noe oaorainc. Tha
information she gawa Gas aral (than
Colonel;. Magruder woe real aad
true reason the Confederate force of
some 1,300 men of all erasa mad*
the fight at Bethe. Church. Today
?after the Lpce of fiftv-tn-o years, a
granite shaft bearing a taila hie in
scriptaoo will bc jnveued to har
memory and the heroism il pcenoswee
It -was the loand of gonn -ae*
VV lilia mab wg hoard.
That qeiet Jane naorning so
Then the faience at noon tho aid
A coorier mid it woo doath to
And the old burgs deer to me.
?C. K R-chardaoa in tho Rich
aaaod Evening Jonrnnl.
The board of directors ol tbe
rana iaiali Beak at their ti
?Hiing June 13. declared tha
lar aemi-aaa-oal dsykfton+e<5 pat
?ry Cardml v awdar my i
) m i-awaaaaad io ciao beat re
Doo*t ba witbowt a bottle tn
ah. tho boose dorine (
ona anrina jaM. Jaa> r?>