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HINTS FOR FARMERS
System In Horse Breeding.
It might i*e hard to pot one's finger
on the greatest defect in horse breed
ing on tbe farms of this country, but
perhaps nothing is doing more to keep
the business back than tbe lack of a
definite system on the part of many
farmers, says the National Stockman
and Farmer. This lsck of system is re
sponsible for the great mixing of types
and breeds, which means Inevitably
the production of mongrels. Every
farmer who raises horses should make
up his mind to follow some system in
Lte breeding. It does not matter so
much what type or breed of horses be
may select. Whatever serves his pur
pose best on his farm and brings him
s fair price for the surplus is a good
system. Farm mares, those used in
farm work, can raise colts cheaper
than any breeder who bas to keep a
lot of idle mares can raise them, and
tney can be just as good whether tbey
are of trotting, carriage or draft blood.
Tbe mares won't look so nice, and per
haps the foals will not develop quite
mm fast, but the economy of their pro
duction will offset other disadvan
tages. The farmer who uses his brood
mares and his colts when, old enough
to do his work can raise good ones if
he gets the right type and sticks to it.
and be can raise them cheap enough to
make money on them.
Feeding For Eggs.
Tbe morning feed of mixed whole
pain, consisting of wheat, coru, oats
or any good grain to be had is scat
tered in the straw of tbe scratch shed,
writes an lowa poultrywoman in the
Western Poultry Journal. Here the
bens will work, contented and happy,
through the cold winter days, when
the snow keeps them in. About tbe
middle of tbe afternoon 1 feed a mash
of two-thirds wheat bran and one of
middlings and cracked corn. To this I
add all table scraps and enough hot
water or milk to make a crumbly
mass. The hens always relish this
feed. During the short winter days 1
feed but twice, but there Is always
something to be found in the scratch
ing material if they are hungry enough
to work for it. For green feed I give
them second crop clover hay, mangel
wurzels. small potatoes, cabbage or
any other vegetables I can get. The
poultry have oyster shells, grit, wheat
bran, charcoal and beef scraps always
before them in small hoppers fastened
to the fall of the shed. There is one
thing more tbat 1 cannot dispense
with, and that is my bone cutter. By
fhe aid of this machine all scraps of
:ne.it and bones can be reduced to very
profitable food, and there is nothing
that will start the hens to laying
quicker. During freezing weather I
give warm water.
About Testing Cows.
The tests we want are the ones
made with normal feeding, whether
for one week or one year, writes a
New York dairyman in Kimball's Dai
ry Farmer. Personally I want both.
A week's test will show the capacity
af tbe cow, and a year's test will show
tbe ability of the man as a feeder.
With proper feeding there is little dan
ger of injuring the offspring. The
first thing 1 look for when reading a
test is the amount and kind of feeds
fed; then I can tell whether the cow
Is a paying proposition or not. A cow
that eats a dollar's worth of feed to
produce a dollar's worth of butter is
of little value, even though she pro
duces twenty pounds of butter per
week. What prospective purchasers
want and are entitled to is what your
sow has done for a year in milk ac
cording to the test, what feeds were
fed and what kind of care was given.
Don't pamper, don't stuff, but don't
be afraid to feed. There are thou
sands of cows ruined by underfeeding
where one is spoiled by overfeeding.
The Brood Sow.
On every farm there is a good deal
of waste from different sources, writes
D. J. Blyther in Kimball's Dairy
Farmer. A brood sow offers a very
profitable market for all this, even to
tbe weeds from the garden.
It is a good plan when a sow of I
good type proves herself a prolific j
breeder and an economical feeder and ;
kind mother to keep her several years.
A mature sow requires only food for !
maintenance, while a growing one
needs food for growth. Furthermore,
the older one will have a good appetite
for waste that a young one would not
It is worth considerable to know that
at farrowing time, if you do not hap
pen to be around, your pigs are safe,
while with an untried young sow you
■ever know what is going to happen
f tbe pigs.
Buckwheat meal is very good to use
in fattening thickens, but should be
need in preference mixed, half of its
balk of other meal, choice being given
to cornmeal or ground oats. To fatten
a fowl you should commence doing so
exactly eighteen clays before the fowl
•r fowls are needed for killing or for
marketing, as after eighteen days of
fattening they begin to lose flesh in
stead of gaining it.—A. V. Meersch in
Western Poultry Journal.
Protect the Grindstone.
A grindstone should never be left ex
posed to the sun. The weight of the
handle will always cause one portion
of tbe stone to remain uppermost, and
this from exposure will reach a differ
ent degree of hardness from the under
side, so that after awhile the stone
will be ground out of circle. If the
stone has to stand-in the open a flat
box can easily be obtained to serve as
Got a Wildcat.
An extra fine wildcat skin was re
ceived by Assessor R. C. Osborne this
morning. It was sent down from
Lake Chelan by Jim Nichols, of
Moores. Nichols killed tbe puss on
the 27th of last December and knows
of a big cougar In that neighborhood
that he has been trying to get. An
attempt was made to measure the
puss hide from tip to tip, but some
difficulty was encountered in locating
the south tip. It was too short to
be measured without a Starret's mi
crometer, and as that was not avail
able it was decided to measure from
the nose to the end-of one hind leg.
From tip to toenails puss measured
PEOPLE OF THE DAY
New Minister to China.
William J Calhoun of Chicago, tbe
new minister to China, has proved bis
j skill in tbe bandllng of important for
i sign missions in two former adminis
| trations. When President McKinley
j was elected the first time Cuban trou
| bles were Imminent, and Mr. Calhoun
| was chosen to go to Havana and report
' upon conditions there. He went as
! special envoy of tbe United States gov
j eminent and in a month bad com
j pleted bis Investigation. His report,
I coupled with that of Senator Proctor.
| formed tbe basis on which war was
; declared with Spain.
Again in 1905. when Castro, presi
dent of Venezuela, was making trouble
for American citizens. President
Roosevelt sent Mr. Calhoun to that
WILLIAM J. CALHOUN.
country as a special envoy. That he
was intrusted with errands so confi
dential by two presidents is indicative
of the high regard entertained of his
Mr. Calhoun is a native of Pennsyl
vania and attended school at tbe Po
land (O.) Union seminary. Among his
fellow students was William McKin
ley, afterward president of the United
States. Leaving Polahd. Mr. Calhoun
studied law in Illinois and eventually
settled in Chicago. His practice has
been largely on corporation law.
"Vain" Fritz as Workman.
"Eitel," which is an old family name
among tbe Hohenzollerns, means
"vain;" consequently it attracted an
unusual amount of attention when
Prince Eltel Fritz adopted unusual
methods lately to decrease his weight.
It did not seem to anybody else that
the prince was taking on enough flesh
to prove unbecoming, but it did not ac
cord with his own idea of a proper
military figure, and he went to bis
summer residence near Charlottenburg
and lived the life of an ordinary out of
door laborer. He stayed several weeks
and worked all day at gardening, tree
felling and carpentering, wearing a
workman's clothes. He also helped
in the construction of a new riding
school. The priucess became so in
terested in the cure that one day when
she stopped to watch some masons in
the construction of a clockwork foun
tain in connection with the new build
ing she became so Interested tbat she
set to work with hammer and trowel
and worked for nearly an hour.
North Dakota's New Senator.
Fountain L. Thompson, recently ap
pointed senator from North Dakota
by Governor Burke to fill the unex
pired term caused by the death of Sen
ator Martin N. Johnson, is tbe new
est member of the upper house of con-
FOUNTAIN L THOMPSON.
gress. It is said tbat Senator Thomp
son will not long wear tbe toga. Sena
tor Thompson has never been political
ly prominent, bis activities having been
largely confined to business.
In a recent interview Senator
Thompson said that, while be had al
ways been a Democrat and bad held
various local offices, be had never
sought political preferment Aa to pol
itics, be declared that tbe manner in
which it bad been conducted in recent
years had cultivated in him a distaste
for it. ?
Senator Thompson la fifty-five years
old and was born and raised on a farm
near Scottsville. 111. He resided in that
state until when be removed to
North Dakota.\He was- educated foi
the law. but never practiced bin pro
fession. In North Dakota he his ac
cumulated a fortune as a farmer, bank
er and real estate dealer.
Billy Wheeler, the popular gar
dener, won't work for his board any
more unless he caa have Folger'i
Golden Gate Coffee served him. •••
THE WENATCgEg DAILY WORLD, WENATCHEE. WASHINGTON. MONDAY, JANUARY 17, 1910.
continuous yip ;
Doors Open 7 a. m. to 6. p. m. P| t PC -If
Nothing can interest the public more than WIM w^^^'h
to witness such a spectacle as we are mak- m^KJ mmiL V L iff T
ing of our prices. The regular prices were Irak 1 flw^r^
a "hit" because of standard value. The cut JP W
prices of our December sale were sensation- Hplß^
al. But the slashing and slaughter of profits ESiißß^
in the present Sale Extension—well, you I n -^^^la
must see for yourself. And best of all this is a
It is a benefit both to you and to us. You R^gß^
getnecessities at wholesale and we get ready |
Regular Former Now MeiVS Clothlllff
200 Pairs Douglas Custom Shoes—*_ $4.00 $3.10 $2.60 vxiv/timi^
250 Pairs Men's Work Shoes $3.50 $2.85 $2.30 Regular. Former. Now.
100 Pairs Douglas Dress Shoes 15.00 $4.45 $4.30 100 Men?g 34 35 36 3? $20.00 $14.35 $ 9.90
300 Pairs Florsheim Dress Shoes $5.00 $4.30 $3.95 Fancy Cassimers, Fancy Worsteds, New Goods.
100 Pairs Florsheim Pat Leather._ss and $6 $4.30 and $4.85 $4.20 Best of linings and trimmings. Every suit
50 Pairs Men's 14-inch Storm Boots $7.00 $5.85 $5.15 guaranteed 100 per cent pure wool or money
200 Pairs Men's Odd Shoes, sizes 6to 10 $3.50 to $5.00 $2.75 refunded. [
300 Pairs Men's Slippers $1.50 to $2.50 to close up $1.20 Men's Fancy Striped All Wool Cassimer, Wool ]
Serge, Lining, Cuff Sleeve for the nobby ]
dresser -$22.50 $16.95 $13.55
Dress Shirts Men>s AU Wocl Clay woreted -—$20.00 $15.35 $n.so
Men's All Wool Fancy blue and brown mixed,
Regular. Former. Now. o _ regular m $22.50 $16.95 $13.55
Cluett aad other brands $2.00 $1.35 $1.15 All Wool Black Dress Worsted $22.50 $15.95 $12.75
Cluett and other brands $1.50 $1.20 95£ Italian lining - 1
>!onarch and other brands $1.25 ,85tf 62 Men ' s Heavy Winter Weight Blue Serge, sizes 4
stout, reg., slim, single and double breasted..s2s.oo $19.85 $17.85 j
Work Shirts Overcoats
Regular. Former. Now. Regular. Former. Now.
Extra full cut, factory made, not jobbers and 60e£ 45** 39£ ' 15 Men's Overcoats aad Cravenettes, black,
tan, cassimers and worsteds, sizes 35 to 46—520.00 $14.35 $ 9.35 1
25 Youths' Overcoats in Fancy Cassimers, '
military collars $20 and $15 $ 9.35 $ 7.15 j
. Flannel Shirts 12 B °* a ' °™-<* at * $ 7.50 $ 5.15 $ 3.85
Regular. Former. Now. \
Fremch Flanael and Factory Made. Men's Heavy PantS
Work Flannel $2.00 $1.35 $1.15
Men's Heavy Weight Dress Flannels, tans, greys mmm*. Former. Now.
and browns $3.00 $2.10 $1.70 200 Pairs i. Fancy Worsteds and Cassimers $2.00 $1.45 $1.10 '
200 Pairs in Fancy Worsteds and Cassimers $3.50 $2.45 $2.15
200 Pairs Dress Trousers _— -—$5.00 $3.95 $3.45
Underwear 7 -
Regular. Former. Now. Neckwear
Men s Heavy Waight Sanitary Fleece 60£ 45f 39£ Regular. Farmer. Now. j
Men's Wool Mixed, per garment $1.25 72 l-2s* 55£ Holiday Neckwear $1.00 70< 55£
Men's Ribbed, pink and brown 62 45s* 39** Holiday Neckwear $1.50 $1.10 70**
Men's all wool Cooper, pink and white, per garment_s2.so $1.65 $1.45 Holiday Neckwear 50c* 27 l-2«?
Men's grey worsted Cooper, per garment $2.00 $1.30 $1.10 ___
Men's Ecru all wool Ribbed Union Suit $5.00 $3.45 $2.85
Men's Fine Grey Worsted ML Wool Ribbed Union..s4.oo $3.25 $2.65 TT i.
Men's Estra Heavy Qrey Wool Union Suit $3.50 $2.85 $2.10 ildlS
Regular. Former. Now.
- " ' Cravenette (registered trade mark) $3.50 $2.75 $2.55
Mallory _ $3.00 $2.35 $2.15
•Sweater Coats Mauory $ 2 .50 $1.70 $1.55
New Fall Derby Blocks $3.00 $1.70 $1.20
Regular. Former. Now. ,_ , , ~ ,•■ ~ „ i_ -
(We have decided to discontinue this agency of stiff hats «
G. and N. make, finest in market $6 and $6.50 $4.95 $4.10 and are therefore making an extra <mt in tha pees-
Grey. blue and red trimmed $2.00 $1.65 $1.10 ent 8al «. regardless of cost.) a}
The Toggery is not busted but very hard up