Search America's historic newspapers pages from - or use the U.S. Newspaper Directory to find information about American newspapers published between 1690-present. Chronicling America is sponsored jointly by the National Endowment for the Humanities external link and the Library of Congress. Learn more
title: 'Burlington weekly free press. (Burlington, Vt.) 1866-1928, February 23, 1866, Image 1',
meta: 'News about Chronicling America - RSS Feed',
Image provided by: University of Vermont
All ways to connect
Inspector General |
External Link Disclaimer |
VOL. XXXIV. NEW SERIES VOL. XII. BURLINGTON, VT FRIDAY MOKNING, FEB. 23, I8G6. N'UMBEIt TIIZRTY Lv
CLU WAED HOWE,
I -,ie set my bewse is crdex
; -taely step to grm;
I hue bidden i be mirror keep record
(ii a never forgotten Cue;
I have brighteted with thrifty CUaaing
iiit wj.s of my sylvan hums;
1 bey sr beautiful in the ehslsir
U. him who vouchsafis to
I l.aie turpi
:be Tea Tea from the green
5.i. l tl,e gray stones twinkle and shine;
1 have lo-sentd each fretful tangle
Of the twisted cedar and vine;
I h.ive ordered tiie waters at not
Their splendors tir. tn't-e eve.
Bat to waitjiki uiy besrr. lr thy fotlstept,
And gu-U wbn t: ou draatsi niga.
Myself I wal l dies fur thy preaeaee;
Bui there I roust -lai.d and weep,
Since the years that teach Love's value
ilia vsnishii g trensuie sweep
Bus imds hut sre spells ef magic,
Ai, I n.crc.tul ltoksand ways,
.-'j lii I.Ku the nuled features
1 ji.t tailed when none did praise.
1 iiou gracious and lordly creature,
I'u tlx- trees, whin thou pntscst by,
I. i .h.wn their fair anna to enlace thee,
Ai.d tbe nowers narh up to thine era?
lo i'.v nait. all atbnll, when thoa passest.
for a ii-urii t iby life dinner
l)u they fold tbeir ueek handa when tbstt
Aril 'i.c I t a breath of thine?
Mjr iie.u has liapt forth to embrace thee:
it cl'ng . i:kc i t.ai.o. to thy breast;
And mi t.l. ,.! is a storm stirred ceeaa
that hails i. r the Kim .I of lint,
'l.nii loss ba .hrj incisure
tint L-.n-'s in i.e drawf near.
Ai"i the tiiieeiii.-; ui i i. nte that part ua
.Ire euiilLaj in ii ad kar.
Ob ! what if, beon l tby Mmshise,
ikuie gathering etui ia abould brood T
1 iiy raptuie. tvtSiakuijr, tuail leave tue
A Luc KitbCod'i; orj.haiihvod.
The heart thon haet Meat so inly
bhail wait no ingk rious lrtath;
Coin hit.itr. tbcu, je who walk tainlr;
So i iitir lure. Love and Death !
.71 i . c 1 I n v
Till: HlsKK'S STUKV.
:e burn in Eniond. I remember
i but jjovcrty fctalkinj; crime and
Lite want, iut huubt-a wucro I lived
ul i iu .trioua eUsce. of tilth and decay.
id int wa my talner, I ntver knew.
I 1 1. L 1 1 1 1 on; viu IIUHIillClllim lev
nt .-.i'.. -il; i know i t. a. I 1.J a uuscr-
rdtietuuli knix-km mi li. l b down
(t the contents ol ti.nr i.iuitu tauikcta.
1 uin-t I a. ritiir .i -jd-liioltjlig
a , t. .it fall lui- io-iii-l ..ti tiuw, for an
I., infill i kfmw I u.l. miLirr. iviMiYiaritM
i mus likt the rti-t ot iuy claaa. 1
lit.t u link.', ana cli..'t a
d.al that le, U-u
1 got the
!i..niv. whicti waa seldom.
I huh igiiLraut didn't know one letter
ir itu anutner, um uiun t wunt to. H hat
did 1 ire about cducati.iu 1, who ntver
i-..h a d.Hik fiom year's end to another?
A..d Ime gratttuik hole i could of
i juft uDtknund milhu. Nobody had
tta made me gratclul had cur bcJ out
1 . tj tut'.
a inic etrango imj uiK' was icn tue one
, y. 1 wakiii up, sprang uoin my bundle
atruw. and involuiitatiH the wotua earnc
h iui uiy lii " I iu fioing lj do euwettuni
t .-u..y. It hat that eoaiiilni.g wa, I had
n.'t tne rim iU.-t idea, hut 1 pat on my
;:joioim lor clothes, and sallied out in my
..ilhii way, wbr tiinji, caring foi rwoody.
It wh aiout noon, and I had not yet
: .i-leo. a n.ouiiiful ul loo J. 1 was Uuugiy,
'kulkid abou: croctry aho, lu iau I moid
i un npKjriunity to take an apple or tome
t n. u.at would stay my apjc-titc, tdl 1 felt
.;i t! .' liuiiii.T lor begging. Paaainj; round
1. 1' i .rniT if a lui.iic street, I aaw a ccn-
il looking man, standing at his horae'e
..zirg about somewhat pcrpk-Jtcd.
i.," i.i cried out, "won't you take
' i oi my horcc for bait an hour ?'
iis, nr," naid I.
1 ;..iiik ii wb the tirat time 1 have ever
on the " sir."'
"ihiii'ea man!" Lc exclaimed. "I've
. eoiiMikruide Iruit tore, and you niuet
iaid ii will Here 'a a couple ol teaches
lor you ; jut ktand here quietly- I gacas
nolioxiv'll disturb you."
IK Hint away, and J ttood far a uhile,
nil I u.ix tired, iinu. thinks 1, I'll get a
; .u.i.ul ol the iruit, and run. But for the
h. -t turn.' 1 filt an instinct ot shame at the
m.;'-ciIioij. "lie limited uw he saw 1 was
a i iui. io k;i. tiiiow, too, but be trusted
i. ii , and I u.iu't abuse his kindness "
.:uH..ii like this reasoning ran in my
.U, ..n i l t.uatteil down on the cuthstonc
1. . In. lt ti.e iniiyorlancc ol an honorable
ii ?;. ir 1 h: ,i iievii lelt bueh a thing lieforc.
l'r. iiitiv h ui'; of rav fellows camo along
; nailtd in.'. 1 toid tbcmto goon. Thcy
riii at ut the cart, and saw the sunny
i .is ot the jieacl'eo.
'We'll have some of them," they said.
Jo. ou won't," says I. "I'm put in
clmifv In rt , aud 1 won't sec the ni thins
With that thev Ix-san a rumpuc Tliey
reached over the cart. I struck them, and
um-J tucii cfijrts that ther came U mell
ujH.ni inc. and vie fought Lilt the blood camo,
l ot I vanquished them. Just then out came
" VVUt's the matter!'' says he.
"(', nothing, only 1 had to fight for your
t-.IT tl trc." says I.
"Y..U did, eh f You've got a black eye
r.-iT it "
m ..V . ....li " u no 1 I mant t !iPm
.ij m.. ..vi, Jr -
! i- 'iiunldn't steal a peach, and
.. v Ji ln't neither. '
W1'. vou've fjt cood pluck, my boy ;
- . d illar for you but don't swear."
M .. stood out.
' w'i. dollar?" say I
" -. .l.i what 7ou please with it, but I'd
"" ; u to buy "a ir of shoes."
I i I . ... ' 1 u'itti n 1 f t .1..
f' 1 1 "jabtobcgood, don'tit?"
I Hi -:. .!. 1 a carious smile, aeked me fev
eral ijm-u.Q., ami (J1ded by taking tne
li..nie Mit1. : ,ui ju his wapon.
II m- ' I thought 1 was in beaten, albeit
I 1 . -i 1 m i.' hi heard of such a place. 3Iy
! ..rt l at lieavily every time I dared to put
Hi In! u ton thoec rich car!te. The rair
t u, s, mcthing new to me.
ri.e i.ext day there came a man to fcc mo.
1 as waehed'clean, and had a good suit of
1 tin 8. bays he
YoungKtcr, I'm coing in where you Iitc,
i'I rohebly I shall make a lnrgain ith
ur people. I want a boy just tuch a
-.Ii-clever Uv an vou are. and if you be-
l.aAc yoursi If 1 jironiiFe you that you shall
have as plcnrant a home as you deeire."
v cii.tnat wae ood. I baldly dared to
tpcak or breathe, lor kar of breaking the
illu-i .n. I never was hi hai.iiv clear through
Its I n ..s that day. They gave me soaic
light larks to do I wished they were more
From that day I wss treated .16 one of the
h uschold. The man was a widower, and
i ad no children, const quently I became to
1-im at a son. He educated me handsomely,
ai.dwl.cn 1 was twenty-one Le died, and
1. it rae scventctc tbouund dolUiE.
I Will, I consiaered myK-lf n rich roan. I
ti ti J over my wealth ; it became on idol
--e - II jw to intreafc it was now my Crt
d'Mre I contultcd competent men, and
junjer tbeir counsel I put uiy money out at
titiU vat bought st. cks and mottgagcr. I
rrw wealthier; my bufintsj (my btncfac
(tor had (tockid nc a faricy store) piwpired,
and 1 in n fair n-nr I tlinttsht. ti rnfirrv
Sweet Lucy Manning ! the taott artless,
winning tsaidtn in all the wcrld to ne. 1
loved her deeply, dearly. Slic was blue
eyed, auburn haired her disjios ition was
that ot an angel, and I bad plighted my
rows to tier.
Uw night I waa invited to the house uf a
prosperous averebaat, and there I met aei-eu
111 we pwswj h nm nieoe a oiat-aveyeu pin,
Kuoae onarnio nd nuo;c future were equal- ) g,Mdiife. uai I write tnjsUf at I did at tin
iv tpkedid ! i.e waa an hiire in her own Veinnin '-Bv the nice of Hod lam what
right the waa fieautifnl and nrcoHiplh-bfd.
Ueavtrtti! wlrnt a vurcr was litrs j.uic,
dear, kwolI, raTkbin. 1 naa charmed ani
and ahe waa pkawd with me. ALu ! I wU
her too olu-n.1 In bcr i.rtno, I lorsut ilv
gentle Lucy : she inactietiiid. tlir.ille.1 me
It vms a triumph to feel that eo beautiful,
gima, and wcalMiy a woman loved me tne,
who had been brought up in toe purlieu 3 of
a city -who had known mirtry and coirup
tion all the first years of my lite.
Gradually I broke off lay intimacy with
Iiocy. I received no token from her ahe
was too proud. Hut that check grew pale
that heavenly eye languid and though I
seldom rnit her, 1 knew in my heart that
she was u0ering. and btanded myrclf a
At last site knew with ccrtaiot that 1
was to marry ii'm Itcllair. She sent me a
letter, a touching letter, not one word of
Ubraidinj:, not one rrFrct! Oh, wiiat a
noble soul 1 wounded ! And she could calm
ly wish tue joy. though the eflort nude her
heart bleed. 1 knew it did.
I tried however, to forges her, bnt I Could
not. Even at the time of my iinificcnt
wedding, when my biidc stooi before me
radiant in rich fabrics tod elittcrinj; dia-
monds, the white lace of poor Lucy glided
in octwin, ano made my Heart tnroo guii
lUy. Oh .how rich 1 crew ! Year after viar add
ed to my gold, ily mise.ly disposition began
to manliest itet-lt soon alter in) marriage. I
carried my gold first to the hanks, and thin
to nj own safes. I pat Constr. int 011 mi
wife lor very generously she had made ovir
her whole fortune to tut and Vein to
grumble at expeuscs. I made our living so
irugai that she remonstrated, ai.u biially ran
up large bills wbcie and when sl.e leased.
Against this I ra-otcFtid , and wc had open
quarrels more than once, ily clotus grew
shabby ; I could not afford to laiy new ones,
altlioush the interest ul my i mam. nt. was
more tliiti 1 eur.lil rillf sptnd lor rational
1 grew final!v disiutisfi.nl with evcrvthina-
but my money. I nehctcd my wile, and
grew careless of her society, ijevoal gentle
men came to my house, amongst hem a would
be author and celebrity. lie came, 1
thought, too often fur my good name, at.d 1
ordered my win: to discontinue biseomnaoy.
siie refused, and I locked her up iu her
room. How snc managed to set Item It fne
I never knew ; but in the evening, when I
returned, she was gono from the hooe.-.
Tnat caused mo some uneasines'1, not mneU
for I was soon ab.rUil in lukiug account
of my gaius. It was pcrljij s nine iu the
evening. 1 had just managed to take ap, a
paper lor a moment, to read out its ho-.itii at
det. ils. when the door opened, and in came
my wile, drissed ucwitehingly, as if just
Irotn an evening cooecrt, tollowcii bv that
"G.iod iveuinr. uv di-ar,"' slit said in tlie
coles t way imaginable, and placid a cl.air
lor iter mend.
"Stop!" I cried, my jealousy arr.uaed :
that man sits not down in my bouse."
"That man a rcutlcuan and my friend
shall sit here, if I idvase," said hit wife
Aly passion was ercited then as it never
was belore. and I collared the scoundrel. He
as my match ; but, Clod of heaven, my
wife coollv put a dirk knife that she drew
from a cane into his hand, and lie stabbed
me. I fainted, and remembered nothing
more .till I iound myself on a bed in my own
chamber watched over by my housekeeper.
' W here arc tbey 7 1 gasped.
"(joint, was all she said.
It occurred to me then like a Bash uf
lightning that nobody was near toe at the
uibc I Was wounded, tnat my Keys were
aliout my person, and that I had been rob
in criiaps 01 ail my avaiiauic property.
ie" thought threw me into an agony ol
ir. I ordered my clothes to be brought
to inc. llic keys were there, laeing one
ot Hum out, 1 told -Mri-. Hale, my house
keeper, to go to my sale and bring me the
papers that were there. She returned, her
lacs white with terror, to tav there was '
nothing there, axd all the little doors were
"Itobbed ! robbed !" 1 yelled, u itu corses
and tmi-n cations, and again my senses de
Brain lever ensued. For weeks 1 lay de
prived of reason, literally treading the
verge ol the grave. One morning 1 was
conscious only of a sinking, deathly, feeling
as 1 opened my ryes. Was it an angel I
saw standing hifore me, her solt eyes veiled
with pity looking down upon lira with the
most commiserating gentleness? tor a mo
ment I thought 1 might be in heaven but
no 1 reasoned uith myself, f loved money
too well. My treasure wa of the earth,
catthly. Again I I cued uiy dun eyes. The
vision seemed Muvcring now, bnt, but,
did it nut wear the sainted beauty of sweet
Lucy JIanning? A quiet, unutterable peace
took possession of my entire licing. 1 for
gdt wcaltli, licalth, everything. -My past
life siouiod blotted out, and I was once
again innoxnt, untouched by the grilling
hand of avarice, true, loving, and loved
and Lucy Manning was my idol.
But 1 recovered flawly, and at last, as my
stcngth surely returned, I missed oer. As
soon as she taw I could be lelt with safety
she had lelt inc. and oh, the Wank the
1 wandered around my room, now so de
so'j.tc, and saw many evidences ol my mis
erable habits. 1 know not why.'iut towards
my wife uiy feelings seemed to liave under
gone a revulsion. I fear 1 hated her. She
bad nearly beggared me, liad deceived me,
battered my health, destroyed my bores.
Munths passed before 1 was able to eeti
matc the damage that had been done to me.
Etcry means that could be put forth were
used for the recovery of my money, but all
One night 1 sat by the fire a cheerless,
disappointed, and lonely man. I had been
thinking thoughts that only burned my brain
but did 'not purify my heart.
'If I had only married sviect Lucy," I
said again and again, "all this had not been
W"My bousekee jr caaic in with a letter an
unusually large package it was and as it
bore a foreign postmark I opened it with a
trembling hand. What was that? A rust
lirj", crumbling bank note ! Another and
another came lurth, until there laid upon
my knees twenty bills of tbe largest denom
ination. A few trembling linn aocoopanied
"My husband, I am dying ; my disease
there is no need of telling you. Forghc
mc, and accept this enclosed as a laiut effort
toward restitution. It is not much over
l,lr that ii tnik from tho safe. The nst
i 1 know not vt here. I am deserted. 1'arc
wcll, fur ever."
An icy chill thrilled mc. It Ktmed as
if her sptctral presence was near mc. I
shuddered as 1 rolled the bills together, and
threw ihein across the room.
"Lie there, cursed of jiy eaul," 1 cried.
"Lie thcictill 1 have conquered myfclf ay,
il tbo victory it not won till you arc rot
ten." I shut the door up and staled it, and for
six months I toiled like a penniless man,
till I tartially redeemed mvfelf. Bv maua -
ing cautiously, 1 placed my business on a
successful footin and began lile stnin a
VllUil fV' IIIC 1-il 1 1 11 4.
new man. lt toon many a year to wear ou general opium" "mv --- , " ."f
my old habits of parsimony, but every effort , extensively earned on acrcss hu fwntitr.
gave mc a new and agacaCle -pleasure. The collection district of Oswegatch e extends he
6 Meantime Lucy Manning became dearer ,0K,h of S ce county, from the
iiiuiuiw uiiq , : .,,. l cuth-wetern to the nerth-western border, com
to mc than she had ever ton the flush of ttoance of seventy mills. At the
youth r entreated her forgiveness, hum- , f t;me lhere ;3 , ice IriJge across the
Utd inyulT to a confession, tested niyscir in t Lawrence for nearly one half the distance,
all ways, and convinced htr at last that 1 1 AH but about sixteen miles ct this distance the
was as worthy cow as once I was inly in j r;Tcr j, studded with islands which in summer
teeming. On the day of my wedding, I J time afford excellent facilities for smugglers. To
opened the sealed door. The bank notes
iaj- where I lad flung them. 1 took thtm up
with thr pride of a conqueror, and jJacing
tliera in her hand, exclaimed :
'They are do longrr my mattete ; n?e
them as Au will."
Xow lam a man .' redeemed from the
thraldom of ovetoouf nef? I Lave thif
Mocinim; childri.ii : I.ucv ir an areil of
; I am "
V 1 1 I rt. -iHlrrtrt a'-il'rtt!
(I lj il.C n Al 1 I X 33 I h .1
KtBO. W.i C. U. UKNEMICT.
SDiroaa aD raoraumaa.
PMDAT M0IIMIN6 TEB. 28. 18CC.
The rteclprocity Qnclitn.
The Sew York Herald oi the 10th instant
contained the efficial memorandn recently
rausrd retwecn the Provincial lit legates
nd the Committee of Wava and Means ol
Mr. Mct'ulloc'i.Si'cretarT of the Treasury,
!nund an esrtetiidon of the Treaty in a
HMxiiS.4i.form. or an adoption of the prinei
pics of reciprocity in the legislation of the
two countries-, lio referred the matter to
the Ways and Means Coaamittee. consietin;
of Mcasra. Morrill oi Vermont. Garfield of
Ohio. W'cntworth of Illinois, Hooper of
Massachusetts, Brooks of New York, Cunk-
linof Niw York. Mooreliead of Pennsyl
vania, Allison of Iowa, and Uogao of Mis-
The Canadian Corn misai oners prorMmed on
tlicir part, as indnaementa lor a renewal of
the Treaty, that Canada should agree to im
prove the means ot access to the" taxan,
provided the assuranre be given that the
trade of the Western Statm will not be di
verted from its natural channel by legisla
tion;" should also adjust her excise duties
upon spirits, brer and tobacco "upon the
beat rrvc-uuc standard wuch may be mutual'
Is cdonted after full consideration of the
subiect;" and siiould make her patent laws
similar to tl.ose uf the united Stat.
Tin- t-cbedule of duties proposed by the
Cmuuiittcc was as loliows :
The following list uf articles shall be mutually
free, viz : Burr milUtubis, unwrousht, cotton
and linen rags, firewood, grinds tone?, rough or
unfinished, gypsum, or plaster, UDgrouno.
Schedule A. First Mackerel, one dollar and
fifty cents per barrel; herring, pickled or salted
one dollar per barrel; salmon, tao dollars and
fifty cents per barrel; shad, two dollars per
barrel; alt ether nsh, picaieu, one uonar sua
fi.'rv ct Us tt barrel, provided that any fish in
packages other than oaireis anaii pay id propor
tion to the rates charged upon similar hah in
barrels. All othar fun, one-half cent per
At to the duties which will be proposed upon
tbe other articles included in the treaty, tbe
following are submitted, vis : Animals, living,
of all aorts. twenty oer cent, ad valorem; ap
ples and garden tiuit and vegetables, ten per
cent, a 1 valorem; barley, nnera cents par
buhl; beans, excipt vanilla and castor on,
thirty cents per bushel; beef, one cent per
pound; buckwheat, ten cents per bushel, butter
tour cents per pound; cheese, four cents per
pound: corn, Indian, and oats, ten cents per
bushel ; corn meal Indian, and oatmeal, fifteen
cents per busks 1; ceal, bituminous, fifty cents
ptr ton; all other coal twenty -five cents per ton;
flour, twenty-five per cent, ad valorem: hams,
two cents per peund; hay. one dollar per ton;
hides, ten per cent, ad valorem; lard, three
eenis per pound; lumltr, pine, round or log,,
one dollar and fitly cents per one thousand feci;
pine, sawed or hewn, two dollars and fifty cents
per one thouMnd feet: planed, tongued and
grooved or finished, twenty-five per cent, ad
valorem ; spruce and hemlock, sawn or hewn,
one dollar per one thousand feet; sproccplaned,
fin ut bed or partly finished, per cent, ad lalorem;
shingle toltf, ten per cent, ad valorem; shicgles,
twenty per cent, al valorem; all other timber
of black walnut, cbistnut, bass, white wood.
ash, oak, round, hewn or sawed, twenty per
cent, ad valorem; if planed, tongued and
grooved, or finished, twenty-five per cent, ad
valorem; ores, ten per cent, ad valorem; was,
twenty-five cents per bushel ; pork, one cent per
pound; potatoes, ten cents per bushel; seed,
timothy and clover.twenty percent- ad valorem;
tracs, plant and shrub, ornamental and fruit,
fifteen ptr cent, ad valonu., i .Low, two cents
per pound: wheat, ttutj cmts pir bushel.
Regarding the-e prices as an-ounting to a
practical rijeetion of the policy of reciprocal
trade, in national productions, the delegates left
YYash'-ngtou on tbe bill unit., to return home
Messrs. Gait and Uowland went direct from
Nea York to Montreal.
This interview at Washington established the
fact that the United States Government will not
enter into any treaty on the subject with Great
flritain. bat will adjust thsi- taillf to meet tbe
wishes of our Provincial neighbors as far as
The N. Y. ErmingPost in the course
its free trade controversy with the X. Y.
Tribune, has made a "rent handle of the
evasions of high duties by smugglers. Hav
ing copied into itF columns communications
which teemed to make out that smuggling
was the main Lusintsa carried on along tbe
Canadian frontier, our townsman, Hon.
Dan'l Ilobetts, special agent of the Treasury
Dqartmcnt, saw fit to correct some of these
misstatements: in a letter to the Post, in
which he maintained that tliere was lees
successful smuggling than many iiersons
supposed, and that on the Mhole the frauds
on the customs department were not a tenth
of those on the internal revenue department,
lie said :
Smuggling ss a business is not profitable.
The increased expense of resorting to unusual
routes of communication, and novel devices and
uoaeeustomed agencies for conducting the busi
ness, as well as the risk of detection, are too
great for any present margin of possible profit.
An adventure or two mvy be successful, hut
whoever undertakes smuggling as a business .at
this time is quite sure to fail in the end. Set
ting asiJe conscie cc and the ideas of respecta
bility (and these are worth something toward
restraint of an illegal traffic), it is certain that
smuggling will not be proeeuted as a business
unless it nrofitable. If the duties are one hun
dred per cent, and yet the increased expense
and nsk of smuggling beyond those el legitj
roite trade nearly equal the duties, no man will
smuggle. Whereas, if the duties were fifty,
twentT.five. or even ten per cent, and yet a
margin of prtfit were left to the smuggler, he
would not go without occupation.
Mr. Roberts letter made quite a commo
tion in tho camp of the free-traders. TbcN.
Y. M'erW bos made it the subject of two or
three editorial", and other par-era have dis
cussed it in their own way. Wc copy below
a letter to the Poll from an Ogd ntburgh
correspondent, which certainly shows some
successes on the side of the officers ol the
customs, as wen as on iuc ii-iii ui woo cum,
Mr. Roberts is not fally posted.
It Is the
..... - I ,.
defend this long stretch of frontier, there are
probably at thb time as nary as tHentr watch
men. These are substantially all the precaution
employed to check the cetirrabatd trade. The
inducement! to rmuggltrt are to dollars per
gallon upon spirits of simple proof, seventy-five
cents per round on tei, anil fabulous prices on
rjHces, urugs, raedKinec, cbesncats, silks,
trimming:, Sc., &c. Id some of the artichi
valcet to the amount of thousands of dollars
may be brought over :n (be pockets of a single
individual. By tlie vigilance thete few officers
are able to exert, and by accident, enough has
been difcovcred to stisty any misinable mind,
that the contraband trail- is carried on most
To be sure, it is not alleged that whole ship
loads or cars full of nurchandise are crossed
at a tingle lime, hut sleigh loads and small boat
nJ T '"T,1MU" I1" e nantiy etosa-
IDir at one nulit or Hnotlisr. If vnii fi.k 1,1-
qairy of soy wholesale liquor-dtaler within
hundred miles of tbe froutier, vou will learn
that he does not sell a liarrel now where he
formerly sold a hundred; and if you will make
inquiry it your city nhohsale ilrnkrt, you will
learn that the consumption of very raany article!
has apparently ceased in those districts border
ing so the frontiers.
io more than a year ago tbe head of a bar
rtl of what iwrportad to he Canadian oats fell
out at IB termraas of one of tbe railroads lead
ing from Osttensbargh. aud disclosed a vety
heavy s laureling operation, and led to the seii-
ure of forty barrels of cloves, valued at eig'it
thousand dollars. About three saoaths since a
man, rather ereea. walked off a ferrr-boat.
just landed from Canailn, having in his band a
carpet-nag Un being confronted by an omver.
be exhibited an uneasineHi bich aronsed sos
picioos, and upon search it was discovered he
had fifteen dollais' worth if morphine in the
bag. He could have earrisii it all in his pock
ets. Last week a mngjrler lumneil oat a kee
ot nme gallons ot the od ot cloves worth 5 1.6U
per pound, in order to escape with his teams.
As a sweeping argument I will state that the
value ot the nronertv seiztd in this district
dunag tbe nest vear is crtwter than the duties
received in tbe same time, and nobody believes
that cne-tttcntieth pan of the merchandise
fraudulently imported has fallen into hands the
of tbe officers.
Lntil there is a radical change in tbe nature
oi man Kind there will alwavs be enough ad.
venture spirits to take the small risk of seiaure
wnen soeb great indacemt '' are oaVreil to
lho?e who would ensraoe 11. contraband trade.
Perhaps vou will not deem these in.tance uf-
ncent to prove the exister.ee of a large contra-
uanu rraoe across the border, but if space per-
oiiiiru 1 would mullir.lv tbem almeat mdefinet'
There is unquestionably smuggling fOtiuea,
on our northern frontier, which without in
crease of force and vigilance will undoubt
edly increase after tbe abrogation of the
Reciprocity Treaty. And the dimculty of
complete collection of the duties, on a Iron
tier of three thousand miles, dividing us
from her Majesty's provinces, will unques
itonauiy ur used as a strong argument lor a
renewal uf tbe Treaty in some shape.
'The Ilemocracj and the Sotdferx.
There was a time when tbe dcuuerats,
having discuvered that tlie war was not to be
tbe "failure" it was resolved to be by the
Chicago Convention, were endeavoring to
save some of tbe soldiirs' vote for tbeir side
by hollow-henrttd prolessions ot friendship
for the soldiers of the Union. It went bad
ly r gainst the graio for the in to try toprai-v
the men for whose i. t'feat they had been
praying, and in swallowing tbeir prejudices
and tbeir former words, tbty made common
ly a pictly bad tiotch ot the business ; but
tbey did it alter a fashion in several instances.
Tne soldiers, however, sow through tbe
sham, and have steadily given tbeir votes
and voices to tbe Union party. The Demo
crats have now, apparently, and very wisely
we think, concluded to drop the shallow
mipieture. At their to last &tatc Conven
ti ns, the resolutions adopted contain no
allusions to tbe soldiers.
The Sew Hampshire Democrats passed
ttn wordy resolutions, on all kinds of topics;
but said absolutely nothing about tbe sol-
diersnd about tbe lst word tor the soldiers
uttered in then convintion was the declara
tion by one of tbeir speakers, "that the De
mocracy of the country would never submit
to the result of an election decided against
tbem by soldiers' votes " The Democrats
oi Connecticut too, in Convention assembled.
bad not one word to say about tbe soldiers,
although tbey elaborated seven resolutions
about other matters, including a great show
of interest in btball ol the late rebel State.
Tbe Republican State Convention of Con
nectict, on tbe other band, at the head of
its resolutions, put forth tbe following just
and noble tribute :
'Rttolrtd, That wc renJer hearty thanks to
Almighty God, for the valor of our armies and
UitolrtJ, That we owe a debt of gratitude
which we can never adequately repay to the
gallant sons of Connecticut, who, in the hour
ot tbe nation's peril, went forth upon the lind
and the sea to maintain the houor of oar flsc
aud the tierpetuity of our Government; that we
point with an honest pride to tbe devotion and
gallantry by which on every battle-field they
have reflected lustre upon themselves aud upon
the history of Connecticut ; and while appre
ciating their gallant deeds we denounce with
indignation tbe conduct of that party which,
from the first, has opptsed all legislation secur
ing to tbem their just dues, the reinforcement
of their thinned ranks, or their right to vote
while in tbe field; awl which has just adjourned
iU convention without a word of recognition of
their heroic services, titber in its plat Sir ui or its
ItEIliUCRSIUXNT 01 THE STATS WaK DeDTS.
A bill was introduced on l'riday, in the
House, providing for the repayment by the
United States ol 25 per cent, of the exj-enses
incurred by the several States in suppressing
tho rebellion, or fifty-fire dollars (or each
man furnished, reducing all to a three-years
standard, the sums due to bo raid in live
per cent, bonds, to be issued for tbe sjiecial
We published tho other day (Jen. Wash-
burnc's statement of the war debt of this
State. The sum total of such debts as far as
ascertained is $467 ,954,351. Tlie reports
of the Governors ol States were not exactor
in full, but approximate, and it is believed
that the total amount is not less than 475,-
000,000. Tho debts or the States, as rc
ported. arc as follows :
Maine, S 12,362,5S0 W. Va. 2,000,000
X ilamphirc. 13,125.000 Ohio, 61,807,813
Vermont c5,3lM,7oy Indiana, ,381,207
Massachusetts, 47,800,627 Illinois, 30,000,000
Khode Isl ind, 0,500,772 .Michigan 1 2,000,000
Connecticut, 17.3c0.lll Wiscon'nl2.210.7'Jo
Sew York, 111.00j,'J53 Minnts'a 2,518,301
Sew Jersey, 20,780,421 Iowa 2,200.000
Pennsylvania, 63,o25,395 Missouri, 0,440,575
V,tUw,lrt-, Vn& "V7'-AL
Maryland, 8,050,448 Kansas, 818,000
Viecima Poliics. The Richmond Va.
Sentinel says a rarer Las been handed
around the legislature, the signers of which
pledged themselves to vote for Mr. Botts for
the U.S. Senate, the understanding or plcJgc
being, that Judge Underwood senator elect, j
will resign to make him room. The Senti
nel calls this electing a Senator"by subscription."
The .MavosALTT. City election occots
two weeks from TlimHiv, and in view
the understood unwillingrKsa of Mayor Cat
lin to bold his office, lor another term, some
interest is naturally felt in the subject of
candidates lor the Mavor-ship Our mayor
boulduf eoiir.-e be one familiar with theccti
dintion and needs of u-ir c mmunity, a citi
zen of high standing and caractcr. a aann of
lienr litd, sound jnden.' nt lihrral yiean,
awl practical r.terutiye ability, with leiraie
to d vote to tl.e dt.ties and responsibrlhies
inrt'iurable Irom his important office, and
1 thirr qualifi. aliens will le more inlisi
, lin.lcr tU. a!UcnJca jKirter tt)iln
a Mayor tatliii lias Blkd the office, thus far.
so far as wt aie aware, to univeisal accepta
tion, and il he would consent to hold tbe
post, our citizens would look no faither.
L uder the circumstances, si vital worthy
gmtlemeu halt been suggested, among them
Hon. Lsvi LM.kkwooo.Ilon. ti. V . luiatiiMtf,
Canon 8 -Novkt, q.,and lion. 1". E. Waui-.
From the lo ks of a per iu circulation
among our citizens requesting Judge Wales
to be a candidate, we infer that (be. choice
of a large and influential fairtioo of our
citizens is centreing on him. Ue certainly
has nil the requisite qualifications, and if
chosen wo . Id unq icstionahly make a capable
and popular Mayor.
Tub Cosctot LsSTTarauuv. Mr. Phillip
waa unfortunate in hi' evening here. A
eleigh-ndc ol all ages to Un-ierhill, one or
two "Sewing Societies," and the usual
Thursday Evening religious met tings ol some
oi tl rhtfVches, conspired to interfere with
tbe attendance on bis concert, and in con
jure lion with the extreme severity of the
weather, left him but a slim audience of net
over a hundred person. We are sorry it
was so, as it was really a very i.kc concert.
Mm Annie Cary is a very sweet and pleas
ing singer, attempting nothing very ambi
tious ; but executing everything she dots
attempt with good taste and true expression.
She sang a piece by Uounud very finely,
her pretty hallads delighted every one, and
she was very heartily encored and applauded
Mr. Proctor played some selections from one
of fttetboven'e Sonatas; "Rippling waves,"
and l'auer's "La Cascade," with bis e
tomary skill and taste, and on an encore
gave the favorite "Mockii-g-liird" with var
iations. Mr. Phillips has a smooth ten.ir
voice which be has obviously cult-iated with
care, lie sang "Tbe bloom is on tlie Uye.
tbe Serenade by Balfe, "U md Night Belov
ed;" and with Miss Cary thru duetts, a
Barcarole by Kuckcn ; the wellworn Oypsy
Countess, and a familiar duett from Ii
Trovatoie. Though lacking the tncwragt
went to effort always a Horded by a full
house, alt did exceedingly well, and wc trust
can be induced to repeat the enti rtuiuuent
here at some future day. under m re favor
Tag Sr. Auuss Mrssmyr now admits
that the majority of the Army of the Poto
mac, was always ready t. fight, ..uder any
commander." It insists, however, as of its
own knowledge, that an order of Urn.
Meade's, punishing disobedience ut orders
by death, was issued, " a lew day previous
to the battle of Gettvsburzfa ;" though it
was meant, it seems, only lor tbe large
minority of stragglers and skulkers," and
had only a secondary e fleet on the victory
by " the retention of a large bnly of strag
glers in its proper placi." Wc took up
this little discussion, because we thought
it rather a slander on the brave boys of the
Army of the Potomac to intimate, as we
understood the Mrurngrr to do. that they
stood up to their work at lleityshurgh as
they did, from fear of being " sl: in their
tracks" by tbeir officers. We are inclined
now to continue it fur iiilormatinn. Will
the Mwtnyr oblige us by quoting the ordir
it mentions ? (Jen. Meade's orders and des
patches after he assumed command are
given, we believe, in an Appendix to the
testimony in bis ease, in tbe Repwt of tbe
Committee on the conduct of the War. If
fuih an order was issued it will It- likely
to lie found among tbem, and at any rate as
(Jen. Meade assumed command only farce
uVys la-fore the battle, the MtsmgerU re
searches will not need to cover much time.
While on tbe subject will our St. Albans
confrire iufoim ut what is the "proper
place" in which to retain a targe body of
TnE Covcoan R. It. Coswcrow. Tbe
names of the icceotly discharged c inductors
ol tbe Concord Road are, George Chough,
James J. Eaton, Joseph C. Ungley, George
Soyes, and James M. Jones, among which
we arc sorry to see some well known ami
hitherto trusted and popular names. We
take tbe following particulars of tbeir ease
from the Boston papers :
Supicion bail been directed towards some of
tbem on account of their expensive habits, and
a resident of Lowell, Major Carney, who had
been an officer in the at my, was employed to
act as " spotter" in tbeir trains, he pretending
to he a claim agent. Soldiers who nocked to
him for aid lnd their fares paid. On on eeea
sion when th " claim agent" hail paid the
conductor $31), the latter's way-bill showed a
receipt of ouly So.
One conductor returned for the first year of
his running some three thousand dollars; for
the past year, with circumstances equally favor
able, lees thn one thousand. Another eon
ductcr. running twenty.five mdes, and ticketing
still further, returned for several weeks an
average of fifty cents a train; at another time
an average of seventy cents a train. Still
another conductor run about thirty-fire miles
and ticketed about that distance beyond his
route, yet he returned on an average only about
three dollars and a half for a tram. The com
parison of conductors' waybills for ditTerent
seasons of the year, and upon various branches
of the line where the travel wss always in dif
ferent proportions, developed some interesting
facts. Light trams under one conductor would
sometimes net double the proceeds of heavy
trains under other conductors. Th amount of
money returned bv the corductors after ihey
discovered the detective system is reported to
bate been three litres as large as the suras
found upon their waybills when all was " quiet
on the line.'
It has also been found that numerous parties
In no way connected with the railroad have
been selling their tickets. One James Whitcher,
a Shaker broom peddler, has been attested fur
operating too freely in them. He states, in an
affidavit, that for years he has supplied sjmc of
tbe conductors with articles In his line and
taken bis pay in tickets, which be has sold and
given away; and that he has seen tickets
givtn to others. Some merchants in good
standing, both in Concord and Manches
ter, have sold railroad tickets which they repre
sent were received of the conductors in ex
change for goods. The tickets illicitly sold by
tbe conductors are said to be tbe same as pur-
chased at the regular offices, but that they were
taken up unpunchtd.
I From an examination of the business of the
road far teversl years back the corporation are
convinced thit the conductors jointly have been
niakfng more than fifty tboasnsd dollars a
3 ear beyoixl their Mhrk-. Salts hie bfn hv
stitutrd agsinit the disebtrted condtMtor!, and
their preptrtj allaebl to the amount of
S28C.O0O. Missrj. Eaton and dough were
sum lor lUU.Wd nch; -ojes fcr ;50,'J;
Lingtey for and Janes for 15,000.
SrCGaaTIVk I-hTTza raoM tiik Sovth. Tbe
Washington Chronirk publishes two letter"
irom Y C. Birringer, a prominent citizen
ot North Carolina, to Hon. W. I. Kcilcrof
IV-iuwyltaiua, wl.icli di&r ru.t ewiiti..lly
IroiH the general tenor ot boullurn utter
anceai. Wu give the follow wgntrac:, which
is worthy of considc-ratiiMi at least :
t,vr t ... . . , . , , .
"Kow, I think I undent 1 ml what preasrs
fcar that the Sen h, re-dmtid in her present
iv .m -- eouf., n... a.mB.
be, as she has been, Itanocratic and sectiouaj.
I do not mean to imply that this fear has its
root in a mere lust of peace and power. I know
you are partisans, and eager partisans, as wc
all are apt to be iu a free country. But it is a
mistake that mm cease to be patriots bacause
Ihey are partinca. aether, however, n par
liaatis or as patriots, your fears are wed ground
ed, the tiouth has for king been llemvcratic
We have been taught to believe that tbe North
ern llaioerncy is taw Batumi ally Even m iay
of our leading men, who before tbe war did not
sympathize with that party, in Mir tn.w a sc
ent hope that it may reguu its old aseen.li-: cy
Our press utters almost one voiee tor it ,
There is, then, reason to tear that we are to
be tbe tail of that snake, which ia your novel
political a oases la tare, you sail Copperhead. I
lvvidecee of that is seen in the universal wish J
that there may be a fa al breach in the Renub-
lican party upon the question of a reoravoixs-
huuoi tne states. IB nope is that tne !'
dent will draw itf with him a cotwiderahle part
of the Republicans, who must affiliate, sooner
or later, with the leasseraey. I feel sa.vwlt no
such hope. I can out but regard the event a
calamitous, if it sbrald occur. I am unable to
understand what good it could, in the end, do
He want nation alitr, above all wants, and to
get it we must become republican ized. This is
why I desire thatsime of yuur prominent Re
publicans may come down here. Let us see you
and 1st us hear yea. Tbey may oosae, I assure
you, with perfect safety, a-d would do gowL
Accomianyicz tbem. or rather lforetnem,secd
us all the capital, industry and trains you can
spaie m avery department. This process wid
auon unsettle our oi.1 kit as, and, in the general
disintegration, men will naturally turn to the
most national organi2vtioa ia the country.
un two uuestiuns, especiallv, we need the
spirit of SeciioBabasa broken iu upon to the
bottom. The first regards Ihe national debt
Hardly any one you meet with here but cher
ishes some hope, by a sort of hocus poena which
he cannot uuaerstlbd or explain, that that debt
will be repudiated. Our public holies uor
legislatures and conventions have been, ynu
observe, sugularly reticent on tbe suijsot.
Thete is, I assert, a general want of ooaa-tefiec
among us iu the solteney of tbe national secur
ities. If a man has tobacco, cotton, or land to
srB, he must have the gold, which is immediate
ly locked up ia bis strung box against tbe day
of universal bankruptcy. Tbe result is that,
while we have much specie in the South, we
have scarcely any currency none, indeed, at
all safcquate to the development of her uneuiuu
ed resources. Svbody lends gold nobody pays
debts with gold. There is net much movement,
therefore, except as we are able to ooeaiaaad
capital at the -North. The thing, when traced
to its root, is to be bund in a general distrust of
the national obligations a Jistrust, I Jo not
hesitate to declare, more ruinous to us than the
abslitian of slavery.
The other qucslioa respect the freedmeu. The
policy of the government on this sutj-ct is an
nounced to the world by Mr. Seward, under
date Nov. 2, 1H65. in these pregnant words :
The establishineot ot the perfect equality of
men ol'tbe African race with men of othar races
throughout the whole continent is a policy which
tbe Uutrd titates amy hereafter be expected to
euldvate with constancy and assiduity.
To tbe like euect is Mr. Calhoun, who toll is
plainly, so long ago as 'SG or '37. (the speech
is pet at Mad l taut if we ever eonseuttd to em- i
ancipatien, we would have to advance upon our I
position, anu concede also tne eonnity ot tbe
it H alike our duty and our Interests
as the ina-vitable ssquenoe ol rogw and events.
That policy, nevertheless, hods no general
sympathy in the South. Our Kpreaentave men
and assrnibhei have been more backward ia
coming up to tbe measure ef right on uaqtaas.
lion than any other. But we are coming up
slowly, indeed, yet ttiTl coming. If yoa are
nut too Impatient, and we are not abscmrerv
busied with a tolly It only for fools, we shall
yet, I am persuaded, he at harmony on all vital
And when the ground is once well broken
here, 1 look for a larger yield and a more lux
uriant harvest than the Sorts has ever pro
duced. My advice, then, is tor you Republicans to
stand together. Do net split. Let there be no
scbbaBS between yen and tbe Hrsa ideal. He is
our friend, and commands oar cusaVlence. Give
us time. Let none of us be in a hurry- It were
better that thiugs were weft settled now than
to bastes to results. .Nobody m huit by
There a now a revival in progress at
Oastleton Seminary, and twelve eonversi.iiw
are arrrady recorded.
Revivals are progressing in many places
in sLasaachusctts and Sew Hampshire. At
Pitchburg, hundreds assemble daily ia the
Congtcgati ial, Baptist and Methodist
churches for prayer and worship, and many
conversaons liave alieady taken place.
In Boston there U unusual religious
interest al present and a decree of unanimi
ty among the churches and desire for active
Co-operation nut hitherto manifested. Prom
this latter fact the last results arc expected.
Tbo revival interest still continues in
Cincinnati, the several churches holding
meetings every evening in the week.
About one hundred conversions in th
Baptist church, Norwich, Vt., are reported.
Revivals arc in progress in East Tennessee,
and rebels and Union men are coming for
ward to the altar together.
At Elmira, S. Y, nligious met tings aru
erowded nightly, and at the close uf oru of
the services, 350 persons, it is estimated,
rose to desire special prayer lor theta-elus.
There are revivals in a number ofchurebts
Thursday tbo 22d hist., is the day set
apart for t rs er for colleges and schbols ;
but as this vear, it haptens to be the anni
versary of Washington's birth day oossrv
cc by many as a holiday it lias been pro
posed to postpone the day of prayer lor one
Tbe largest Sabbath School of the Con
gregatiotial denomination in Sew England,
is that ul the Iletkely St. church in Boston,
which has 1440 members. Winthrop church
in Cbarlestnivn, 5 ass., boa 921 members,
and the South Pariah church of Augusta,
Me. 812. Only 14 churches in Sow Eng
land report Sabbath Schools, numbering
Chicago has the reputation of being the
"greatest Sabbath Scliool city in the Union."
There arc in the city thirty-nine thousand
three hundred and Gltccn poisons between
the ages of sixteen and.twcnty-one ycars.and
of this number, twenty-two thousand one
hundred and fifty-three arc receiving religi-
, ous instruction in the cue hundred and fix
4 Protestant Sabbath Schools. It is also c'ti
mated that iu the sehoola of tbe Catholics I
and Jews there are flior lhnnsaiwi nit.
Mr. II tpkii.s, Superinteniit-nt uf the Sab
oath School of the Ung Chuich in Mans-, Chief Justice Pkrjotnt and Judges Peck and
pelicr, recently lead an interesting hattorv I Wilson. Tbo Manchester Journal gives the
of Sibwth Schools in that town, containing ! following report of it :
tlie following facts :
l .v. i.
III thsf ninUV
T. e first Sabbath scoot!
formel in 1816 sr.J as, a-l. , fl.
months under the direction of Rev. Mr. Wright,
th Sr.) -rfiti.1 m-,:.,, r , , "
ins nrst set tit d minister or the town. A meit-
i.g was held in the prinrin cffi of S. V.
, were .hwre-.P-en.an4 a,,.lae..r.. .rU'i
u;w- 1 nrre win, isrn rm oniir,o elino IB
. Tk. .k 1. ui 1 ... ,
, ,hr ,,. .Kriiiinolert. t,h,r
,o .,,1 , u b , . to tb old ti . n-
j rtol t
: i.i. t
ni tl. regular luuriiiug
1 t.i the Uiiiiis'i r. Mr. Uusht
jh i 'lent to ISIS, wc 'ei-a of
hil I I., the ol I F.v.e Hi U--J i nhicb the mm
I ter w .j the suji'riiiteclii.r. In So.iu'r r,
( lM.ii. the . harth 'he .n!y oi ili-u ,u towo
orgenireil a school which t.il vista. It is re
late I to.. -i miug the enii.Ioiis in the
iffiil i.!ci ailued ti, lint tiny ,11
jtinni 1 1 tjs-
m,. I imr
or tut .-ca i Is tshit-h iriui itod i-i the-
nt-IU thin, and all aftnnutd became christian
men .in I s.-iie of them inihistere of the gospel
Am -ng tbe names of the super!r.tenltnt in the
h -.1 formed in 1826 down to the present time,
are not a few who have stool high in the world
as well as in the church. Lawyers, physicians
bankers, ju lges, representatives, senators and
congressmen are tu be found among tbeas.
The statist.c of the Mituodist Ed1sc.ii!
show that it is ramsllv a-sinine
rrouthl ia New Etigland, while ia the
Middlebury States it nearlyeqaal in aunt.
bees the other four great evangel -
real ueaominations; ia the Southern States it
exeeeds tbem; and is the Western States, which
promises to be its stroBghuU, it has a still
The Sabhah school, an iastitutioa especially
adapted to the avassn, was oHriawte.1 by the
Mrfhi.lt t, R-bert Hikes, who was rMaraksJ for
Ike absurdity of taking poor, ragged ehU Jren
to church." Tbe Methodists f tail cava try
now issw taon than a isillwu of Sahhath
sehosl books aawmilly. They have at this riave
three kusdml and tfty aaaa prajaua in the
Oersaaa and rtomsHnavias Isngasgn
(-Sara CrffczTSa-. At a reorast ancetias;ol
the Westawuittr lanoers Club, ProLlacrrill
of Bellows Falls, said :
Avoid all fcxy grides, such at rive out a
Tbe Ions, a new grace, takes the lead for
Wes'miaster, and is So. 1. The Delaware, a
tried grape, is next. It will stand 80 3 htfew
Zero and i e. Tbe Concord, next, and taring
25 to 2 -Hartford Prolific enduring 20 a
Mow Zero. Then comes the Kog-r's Hybrids.
Allen's Hybtils the Diana s.jsaewhat reaxlsr.
but a goad grape, and the Rebecca with its
greenish white clusters. These are kinds
enough. Tbe 11 art ford Prolkta is foxy. Do not
attempt to raise the Catawba or Isabella, you
will get unripe fruit only.
Let your rows ef vines be eight feet apart. let
the vines he (bur feet apart in the raws. Plant
layers, train the first yi r m a vertical Ime
lastenci! to a stake- It wilt Inns get a better
gt Xlio. t o ZZZ i
.C l .C- f M . 1.-1 . .
as to streugtben the root. Tbe secon i year the
vine it permrttid to take the obrique line, bring
faMnaed firmly as it progi easts to Me atadce s
the a ljaininj tint. Mr. Merrill's pruning coa
r'sts in the pinching off all laterals and head
ruaticrs at a proper point. At each otut. upstt
tbe second year, is poshed kirth, a lateral; th e
Be allows to ett-u 1 till five leaves are found
Upou it, then ii is pinched pff as well as all
secondary laterals. The leaves pe nail ted to
remain become ipute large, puipy an 1 vigorous,
well and amply able to perform the breathing
unctions or the plant. Upon the second tail
these Utcrals are cat back to two buds. Upon
the third year, a single cluster is allowed at
each sole, and tbe latter treated as before.
Upon the tourth year six clusters ar allowed at
aoh nole.lxing careful to puicii ufl a -J restrain
any un luetx-ess. Five hrtves are t ft beyond
the setting of the third efenwerseraii-tt.1 to eaeh
branehlet, whic perform tbe itboe i : gathering
theCarbouic Ac.l, ltc mpoeing it ai. 1 woik.ug
the chemical cfa nges uf.m the sap ii close pn x
mity to, and S'T tbe benefit of each cluster.
In the fall the 1 Krrals sr.- cut back uv before to
two bu-ls, and i scb sueeVeling year treated
before. Each vine will N-; one tbos'iad yeais.
Mr. Merrill thvught tbe jyf me might live
an 1 perhaps as iture frail. ixl to tbe siw w '
and ceH durip-.' the winter, jet it iv turn h better
to et'ver it not with h-vves or I ;hf .'uffof any
kind, but isitt 'nrt. lo n t ni-ose to the
cold ii l ' i irly spring, bu- uncover whm
the warm wet'her is sure, i..t let the buds put
forth tin. r tit! leaves, while the v:ue lies iu a
horiu utal pi -itiou. This chicus fno tendettcy
to a mi-- o: rim an 1 leaves, w th n. fruit Tbe
rule is, little viae and much Irmt.
Prep-erc th - ground and mirk the rows as in
raising . rn, thus besvh-s tho -.yiusaetry dis
play c I in the arraagemetit, tbe sunslune will be
let in ju-i where il is most neettd. Avoid i he
lofty tre'.hs, it ssavies to muck us.- the simple
stake and tie strongly. Keep a clean surface
culture with the hoe, through. .ut the year.
Tu A i tuivr ox thk SaaiT -.t Roan.
Fuller ace mnts of the aci'ilitit on the Sar
at.ign 1 Whitehall Road i:i i'.j 3d int.
show it to have hem i uiy serious
ad nr. The train running a! a -peed of 20
miles an b-ur, was thrown Ir-iti tbe track,
according to one account, by the spreading
ot the rail-, or according t another, by a
w.rrn out rail, and after ratiiun ten rods
the ou ties, the train, with t'.e i xeeption of
tbe locomotive and rear tnd ot r ar car, was
precipitated down ti:e em' r kuient. Tlie
first passenger ear struck a trc, and was
dashed to piieit. So om uo this car
escaped injury, ut.il two ladies it is feared
will not survive. The St. Alhuns Mrsstwjtr
says a Mr. Sorris and family, and a Mist
Onus, who were on tbe way to St. Aihaas,
wric all mure ur less injured. Fnm 12 to
20 of the pasrengi r sustained serious in
juries, several iK-ins twdly cut anont we
fane and hi ad. I). R. Bnley. Esu,. ol St.
Allans and Mr Kinley. of Cbauplain, who
were on the train, "wiped unhurt
Tn ActinasT os tbb Ssbawci Hoik.
Tlie Troy Tisaej says : "six passengers wete
injured, but none of them severely, as fol
lows: Mr. Sorris of St. Albans, lip cot
and bead injured ; Mis, Skinner of Poa t
Ann, tide bruised ; Mr. Ogeud of White
ball, leg bruised ; ii daughter of Mr Sorris,
a married Udy, who was tnitntt, suiTered
the most severely, but it was thought lat
evening the would recover. Pour pbyti
cians came dow n from Whitehall, and ren
dered such services as the wonnds of the
injured rtquind. That no mora were iu
jurtd, and none killed, is as miraculous as it
is fortunate. The lues to the company will
not be over twenty-fivo hundred dsllars."
In the Sen i to last week Mr. Hender
son pleasantly told Sena or Summer that he
wis the man alluded to by the President as
'hammering at unc end of the !ir.o while
the anvil was beaten at the otier end."
This Senator Sumner dAiied declaring that
it waa the Di-mt-cr.its who wcrc"hamuiering"
on the Unim at the northern end of the
LiTiCATio."!. A Railroad
j Some interest was ttied before the Supreme
, Court in Bennington Co., last week, before
Trof $ Boston H. II. Co. Bmrckard
ami Truttta. Tit JlMtit'atr $ Sara-
111 I 4.- - r r y-s
I "V" "
I ratemiJ! ,h? "
- P01" commhwooers to -ett'e the duStreaees tw
tween th Tm it., a p iu t,i
1 I Bf ,Z ,1 , 1 t.
1 iBi ! '
nty. T. W I'.rk, 11 J. Phelps, of Bar-
ouie uo-au, oi I ri n nuailui
uf the Sew York Court of Appeal, appeared
f. r the Troy A l:r,8 ,.n K. R. Co ; Levi Oniler
vr.il. f llariington, tor the trustees Ihtruhaiil
I Page; J hn 18. tiaie it Troy, tor the Kw-
i t i t.i. . . , m
r s ftntu i li K Co ; A. Tracy, at
Week, for the Itnt! ul & BuiKogton esr-
i i -tmn. A .U.i,.i, w.- first raited as to the
:.-'' : of tne Cb.ii Juii to sit in the case, in
-: lorn-eof his bs.n; related to the owner
ol a large aruouut ot' tint inottgige bowls
of Iha Ritrl.n.l e It., II.,.... II. I it- i
I - . " . .iHjwti . j-.tv.u. insu
tin bj ciion Ueu -ustaiueil it wouM haveife-
' a.-.-, i
AJ"'" "v proeee-rvsgs, as there was sstlya
abnim ot tne Ju Iges r.rstut. After aaeJab
oraie iruoaent it was decided by the ic-soeiate
jwlges tliat the Chief Justice might rawperry -H.
Uuile a n amber of pielimianry abjeeuoas "were
then successively raised, argued at length, and
overruled. In this way nearly the entire day
k.u rou-maied bet, re the main oatstieti wiis
reached Tbe comt than deeiiled ts appoint
commissioners, and appointed Hon. Isaac P.
K.ilfWd, Timothy p. Iledfictd awl UmptU
liiaiior PrrzraTBicx's Kiwkkai. The
obsequies of the late Right ReT. John Ber
nard Fitmpatrick, Catbolie Hishojiof Bosttm.
took place at the Catbolral Church of tbe
Holy '.toes, m that city, yesterday, in the
presence of an immense audience, among
whom wete Gov. Bulloek, Hon. R. C.
Winil.rop ami many other icottitiH'tit eiti
xenaof Maaaehusctts. Tbe chape!, with
the high nliar.vna heavily dm i oil iu mourn
ing, and the nch tlnaneauf tbo cjiejatisg
clergy, the burning candles, tbe sateko of
iuo-ase and tbe as ante uf M mart's requiem
gatu to tbe ec-wnial an imposing t tfeot.
The ctwtonury oiaoc for the dead having
been recited by all the eJery present, a
requiem mtu was .elebrated, the Right
Kit. U Ie uoesbriand. Bishop of Burling
ton, oftc satins; as eelebraut. with Rev.
J.iairn 'ittcn of East Boston, as assistant
prnst. Rev. Edward J. O'Brien of Sew
Haven, as deacon, and Key. A. Sherwood
Ucah-y. of Trov , as sub-eteacon. The fHneral
oration wa then pronounced by Areh-bislwp
McClorkiy ol Sew York.
Tux Pkavrsurncu WuntHiu. R. R.
The Pkiltaburgh Rtfublkam thinks the best,
route for this proponed road uotikl crass tic
tho Ausabie River at or aeiir Cliatsiirirte,
passing al u g the west slope of PuU--n
shtns mountain intu the urns f 1 tltmn
ru'r'in a 'li-t "fetl
towo to the lake shore is .Morio.li aud
through Crown Point and TieorHlorogii to
Whitehall. Upon tbts route the heavy ireti
estaulisW nts on the Anas Vic river and
t).ose in the vicinity of Elisibethtowa,
would ha aesvaniudated as would too bssimri
of Wcstport, Mariah, Crown Point aad'H
condcruga. I ti-. claimed that this is also .
the shortest route awl that it presents ensy
grades and free from ruck rutting.
How rax DocroK cor wis Wcot. All the
pe-ople nf Hirreare ktiibiug over tho fol
lowing true story. Doetor Lyman Padlock,
m.w se vcBiy seven years of age, iravuiicd
anaiiig -is m ighhors where he could get
some wood to chop. I P. Harrington''
thcn-iit in . acn.i to give the Doctor aR her
would ut hiuiselt anything but iaatJc. .
r ofi "j was ae. i pted, ami the venoniUo
l c'or whs sent to tbe distance ot (our mites
ii the west si-ic ut .Mill-Stone Hill, "tbe
c Lb pot in u'.l crealKn." The foriHt
. tr.i hiil, and a very stetji one, eover
tii - li rost eii. ug! m. .w to make tbe feet
I all .
nely. TV IWsor enici hoard
naif a mile tr .in his ivooii tut, and
i ..id to bu-sni. In siinitiB and a
y he cut tw, nty c .rds ol eisht fiet
w t. which was s .1 1- .j .ently drawn acsae
an 1 i- ;i iw ptl d i.i t i Doctor's wwod-ynrd
-a! 'ids-.tuc pile, an t, as our informant
sin- . ..n6riu.it ion of .i saying of the late,
J n .r-an Slieptr.I. at the age of 90. that
"a man al seventy ars isa fool lo eall him
ei 11 ui old ib.ui. "- - Waltm'i Journal.
r...i StusiRiBus. We have just rt
c ii d notii B of a new scale of prlew ef pa
per The article whieb cost in 188t alwut
nine i tnts per pound, is imw twenty-two and '
a half cents : and that which cost" frntu ten
to eleven cents, is twenty-five ! Having
I ad occasion to estimate tbe cost of print
ing (alone) of a n'T the size of the
Watchman, we find that It ougnt not to be
furnished for a finale jenny less that three
Jollars ptr ytar. Wc think our subscribers
ought to be gat-fil with their bargain far
this year. yitntpetitr Watchman
As the Wiekly Pats Pais is Irgr
than tbe Watchman, we think ear subscrib
era ought to bo satisfied too.
Collecs Mattehs in China. TJio House
Committee on Foreign Auairs lias before it
a plan to establish an American College in. .
China Inn the accumulation of com-
neicial fees there belonging to this govern- t
mcnt, and now leaching seme two hundred
tiiousand dollars. We know nothing ol the
facts id the case ; but on the face of tho
matter ore would say tint an American .
Cdhge miist be aliout as much needed in
tbe iBooiia in China.
Hon. Gn. P. Mjksu. A Washlngtin,
despatch to the S. Y. Trthunt says: "Tho
United State Minister to England, Mr.
Charles Kraneis Aimuk, it is said, is,
anina to return home, ami his wish,
should it be persisted in as it lias Uteii for
Some time swt will hr rc-Iuetnntly a-sented i
to In that event, it is supposed that his '
phv-c will br filled either by .Mr. Motley,
mw Minister nt Vienna, or Mr. Marsh. i
Minister to Italy. Whichever or these posls
will be left vauint will tc fillid, it is sur-5
miscil, by Gov. Cnrttn of Pennsylvania'; ' 1
and as I.c would prifer to go to Italy, it is
soppiMivl that the choice for Minister to the '
Court of St. James will fall upon MrV '
Marsh." - i u
Deatu or Holv. Jam is Grxv We icg'rct,,
to learn of the death, at Watcrbury, on thdn'J
12th int, of Hon. James Green, at the oge
of 5d years. He was a man of good strenght . , ,
of mind and character, impulsive, but '
shrewd, genial and just, always active in ,
pisslio affairs and influcutisl in public: bodies,
lie will be remembered as a notable man in'
the legislature of tLc State and his country'
and bwn will feel tho loss ot n good man.