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title: 'Burlington weekly free press. (Burlington, Vt.) 1866-1928, April 06, 1866, Image 1',
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" VOL. XXXIV. NEW SERIES VOL. XII. BURLINGTON. VT FRIDAY
pie Snrgcoii'ii Itcvcngc.
I i, u j her, and the "knew it well ;
-he'd made a cheerful diagnosis,
- i . i ii-
i l gate JDe, uhb imugut, oemc,
jlcr smile in wry little dcees.
I s.-nt her notes and tender rhymes.
With bottles of her father's Urole ;
u.l I had toW her un; times
I lovt-1 her so the case wai obronrc.
She scorned me. I need hardly say
That eft in anguish I would leave her ;
Mi love wculd ebb and Sow each day,
A sort of intermittent lever.
1 ii fed all remedies I knew
Took stimulants, and then tried ice ;
But no refrigerants would do,
The cage was one eternal crisis.
I had a rival, woe it me.
The feet I most, perforce, acknowledge
A Iloraosopatfcist was he
A wretch who ncrei passed the College,
And though I often ci!Il him quick.
He used to my how truth I taught him ;
Hut laughed at nie behind my back,
W ith her, I know it, for 1 caught turn.
V t were g-od friends m outward guise,
1 or in tie tillage we were natures ;
A. I to each heights did friendehip rise,
S e even took each other's mixtures !
'f tli it arrangement I'd the best
His plot ulc- were a harmless pretest ;
1 ut the ror fellow oft contest
My cotupouiiJs were by no means iilensant.
W c used to take loop walks with her
V two who loved her to diaeractisu
A i:d plrcant smiles her lips woold stir.
To us 'ta Imrtlly satisfaction
V hen incompatibtra aarf.
And soda isn't niesd by acid.
At h:u tin.e not lid the shall we ;
Agree to love her, and I placid !
So tt'c1-wtr.t r, ill i i.-l drew near.
1 her i ame nf tr. ir rr rice was proader ;
ill- -idir. funthitth- frit queer.
I use and att'i a N...1.U Powder.
t. i uVi.1t r.M in nat- v lao
bin. m the U.M'1 's presence ;
II. t.'k the white owe.t hew lb- Woe,
Ain nd a death e-t Hrr scene !
M hat little l'xe did.
A TKl KTOKV
Prom the B wton Rrcirtler
1 w;i! on k ri.-it tn tn pmii.li tl.t-r, one of
xhcpioMCT terwerii of lentral New York.
i.l v l.au -.larttiJ out tor a rid.'. The first
at-. . !i.m-i w.i in t nunv respects
.i m ji aixMkthrr' that it drew ajy at-
i nr icid neighbor Htnih to have had
i.o i J. an like on, frmwlfiithrr," I raid.
1 lit uuu that Luilt tliu buutc had. Xo
i i: of mine now. tn.r man '." and mv
ni.ioliathtr drew a long lireath.
'1 :.on after a pause, his r.nce ohanrjd-
Ti.'iio foxcb ! thw link taxes, 1 hate
.i .' Xi!tai feats tl.tui, nubudy minds
ii. i . tiicy ruin everj iliii.g. The beasts
u y ai ni t half so dar.gerii Ilie lit
. - : i c rciictrd with impbaxis, ana
! .r.c vir.i. bitter.
VI :it little fuiui, .iud!'tlir?''
Any little foxes, all litiW l.ixes; little
, i 1 1 1 It- wtakoctKS, lit-tk. blander,
ttio rieht. 1 bate them alL Thev
U uiie.-biti : they are n trtaclKroos
W t.tn they are so Jitii. ?
- Yw. and because thev art little."
My grandfather paused T wuiud in m-fi.-".
and he went on.
I nccr ride ly thit- huuse without pain
: i:i)i)r.ntiin, Vou wtiat a Sue place
i : a p kmI Iiouse, a hundred and fifty
- . if rich land ; and yit it went for a
: . "own That was tlK- little lox.
A Mbt nown?"
Vis, it went fur a silk sown. And there
ut with it wuat was worth greatly more.
! .n : li f it a whole family's happiness
l .! ."
" hut is t.ie story, grandfather?"
I'll tell y-ju. V ben 1 firt cumo to this
1 1 uf tht country, a youn couple of the
in. el ISruwn were ectiltd here in a log
lb :-t. They were hard-working, self-deny-
lir,; 1 1 p e, and everything prospered with
I.' in l r uiany years. 1 nty paid lor their
ir::: .r.i! t. ,t addinc to it, till, as 1 told
.''it had a I uudred and 6fty acres.
i. v hrn 1 had built uie a new house,
' r Iirown bad to buiid him one, some
.'!. mine, as you see, for he did not
v. : 1 . iitliind. I sent my oldest obild-
i.. u iit'ademy in the next tt-.vn, where
y .v.i.M have" Utter opirtumtiea for
rr.ir t!, ni wore here After a time,
thhor J!rorn thought it would be a good
s 1j Ju. ate l.i.- chiulren, and sent Ui
-i .bi.htt-r to tht same academy.
It w. a new expense to him, but he
; it i !im rlully, and for a time, all went
i. The voung woman made him stare
1 htr philosophy, and llie loud father
lira1 m.ri tlun repaid for all his aerinces on
. cunt. Iiut as she increased in knowl
. so did she in love ol drem : and noth-
wjul.i do for lier but an expensive silk
i: Her mother put her off.
VVc cant afibrd it, Susan."
Why nut, mother?"'
Because we have no money to pty for
- iut father can ay for it in things from
. ie farm."
- N thing can be nred now Last year's
:i is all sold ; n is everything else from
llut father miglit sell semethin:? a
r. if nothing elae."
'No he needs all the stock he hai."
Die lalher entered.
V hat isit.Snsau?"
I want a silk dress, father Mary
Us has one."
IIuw will she get it ?" interposed the
: itut mother.
I'll l uy it for her."
l!u: how will you pay for it ?"
They 'll trust rne"
' Tbe wife said n) more, and Susan had
I i.amlsouieat silk to be lound in tbo next
Li , nud Brown luul a otore bill for tho
rt '. t.ie in his life. Fie thought nothing
. i mmy others had the same, and the
.int tncournged it. It comes a great
i r -na to mv '(hare it !' than to
I bant! ... r ::.o hard i-siutd uash. Tlicv
Iknow t". i- r.nd take adant:ie of iL And
l.Ml wx , v.itiM tli.? turn fltwnt tnr. ilrtl.
larsat tl . ,tote lf h, j obliged to
fiBjjMawi,, i.M a u.re bill of perhaps five
am uu: to aitt". it tbe end of tbc
nd suppose it can't to met?"
he merchant nuts it ir.m t .i .
a note payable with intcrnt. and ttB'rta a
is : but Susan Itrcwn lad r tn
.urBS!- an a irown naa ills amrr mil. ana oncn I
. ,. s
dways too large, and Iiow many debts
Iare,i..)t so V The command is wise, 'Owe
no Bi.in unyihinj;." Most debts ought never
tejha c Utn. No one t-bould have on in
dulgence that cannot be paid for at once.
year Rrown'e sforc bill became a note
wjKh interest but it did not trouble him.
Next year another nolo was given, a larger
one, including interest, and an unpaid bal-
ic " a pi tunu store Din. Heavier intcreit
Iwaa now asked, for inor.cy was ecarco
gBrow n kept tailing behind for e evi ral years ;
loBec sh jiiig downward, it is bard to recover
oM'b st'.l At length I sw tbe eurvevors
ap rk at that part of his farm lying
Tgfc to uiine, lie was witn tncm.
Tse'jU'" to Ec'"" I atked him,
.i1 ai g.ang to give Lyndc a mortgacc."
IL" g' t some of my notes, and wants
I i-.ktJ him, and with rood reason. He
ever t' e tame man again. An incubus
i ' -m, destroying his courage, his
'' If he could not t av a store bill.
could he lift a mortgage? Uis farm
'g-itO bfln fnr it Tim tn.fi 1
. . ,- - ' - .
er bad done bis work,, bad made his.
(own the handsome farm wcicfi anotner man
had earned by the sweat and toil of a life.
without the sweat or ton ot an nour, py
cunning, small advantages fastened to a lit
tle store de&t. llow indignant I lelt ; how
sorrowfully, too. when tnv srooa honest
neiffhbor put! his furniture into wagons;
put in his axe, plough, and hoc, and took
his way to an liumuie nomc lar irom us, to
be-in life's toil anew, youth all gone, hope
almost dead, courage almost failed, muscle
and heart weakened. And all this wrong
and rnin grew from a little thing, a school-
gfrte gown. 1)3 yon woncer I natc me
iTttle-foies? Look ont for then, child!
watch for them ! don't let them spoil your
vines, while yon thinkinc you arc safe Irom
them! No one is sale!"
We rode on in silence, and I routed and
trembled. So many little things life made
up with them which shall ruin? which
shall bless? "God of wisdom, direct me?"
Pay your debts when they arc small not
omitting the printer ; tliat will lie sure
death to the little fuxes.
GEO. W.4. C. G.llENEHIOT,
editors isd pnorairroBS.
FRIDAY MORNING ArrUI.". 18t0.
The President's Position.
According to the statement published in
the IS.'Y. U orW, as aiitlioritalite on toe
position of Pros. Johnson, he avows himself
as standing firmly with the Union lrty
ol tbe nation ; but take? care to say
that he consider none to belong to it
who do not adhere to bira and suppoit bis
special atasauns a eivn in hi eto iae-
iges. Thi remain one ot Louis Alvths
Le Etat ai nun." that is "I am the
State.'-' .Mr. .loo neon has a pnod deal To
say again-t eenttralhnrioii. We have seen
nothing that sounds more like it than bis
own late ej cluf.
The Veto o'the firil !tiebt! mil.
Our space it to-day largely occupiod with
Air. Johnon a seeonu veto, ivhich we give
at length, omitting only two or three com.
Iratitely unimportant passages. We have
only room to say in regard to it that we are
very sorry to see that tbe President's objec
tion lie not only agaiutt details of the
bill ; Hut against its principle and objects,
We fear his views will pro'mbly lead Mia
to disapprove any legislation securing ade
quate protection to tbe freed slave. If this
is so, tbe issae may perhaps as well be made
on this bill, as on any otbtr.
tins. R. K. Lsz'c Tkstikokt. A lone; ac
count appear? nf tbe evidence of tbe rebel
general in chief, R. I' Lee, before the congres
sional eoauiittee.Asa whole it is of very little
importance, either as regards tbc questions
pat to bint or his answers. Many of the in
terrogatories concern mere matters of opinion,
t.nd I don't know," " I have nevir thought
I particularly about it," " It may 1 so,"
I presume it is," and tbc like, constitute
tbe burden of his reidies. One thing how
ever struct us forcibly. In answer to in
quiries about tbe treatment of Union pris
oners at Libby prison, I'.elle Isle, Anderson
ville, Salisbury, ie , ho daims ta have been
profoundly ignorant ! He says, in sub
stance, that he never knew but what they
were as well treated as they could bo iat
lie had nothing to do with prisoners after
he took thera and turned them over to the
proper officials made no inquiries and had
no report6 about them in short was as
ignorant on the points of -their being fid or
starved, fairly cared for, or left to perish
when sick, or to be shot down at the caprice
of their guards, as if he had been on another
planot. He only seems to icnieni'wr that
he was always anxiout for fair exchange-!
This rcmarkuble ignorance on bis part of
the atrocious treatment of Union prisoner
by the rebels, can only bo accounted for by
supposing that it was an arranged plan that
he was not to inquire or to be told anything
officially on those matters, and that all tbc
statements to be found in the public prints
on both sidus concerning them, he was to
treat as of no account whatever. Ilia testi
mony docs not raise him a whit in our esti
mation. The Stockton Cae.
The case of Mr. Stockton, claiming to be
legally elected as U. S. Senator from New
Jersey, was decided on Tuesday. The icso-
lution declaring Mr. Stockton not cntirlcd
to a seat, was adopted, ayca 22, noes 21.
The ayes and noes were rs follows :
l"fo Messrs. Brown, Chandler, Clarke,
Conncss, Cragin, Cresswell, Fesseoden, Grimes,
Howard, Hove, Kirkwood, Lane tl Induna,
Nje, l'omcroy, Ramsey, Sherman, Spragnc,
Summer, W&Je, Williams, Wihwn and Yates
.Ynyj Messrs. Anthony, Raokalew, Cowan ,
P.vris, Doolittle, Guthrie, Harris, Henderson.
Hendricks, Johnson, Lane or Kansas, Me
Hongall, Morgan, jS'esmith, Norton, Poland,
Riddle, Sulsbury, Trumbull, Van Winkle and
. .Yof ntiag Messrs. Dixon, Wright and
Foot, who were sici; Foster, (paired with Mor
rill who is in Connecticut.) and Stewart, (who
did not vote.) C
The whose case, to our view lies in a nut
shell. The facts on which tbc question
arose, are simply these. The business of
electing a U. S. Senator was before a joint
assembly of tbc N. J. Legislature. With
out any law authorizing it, the Joint As
scmbly determined that the diction should
t i , . i . v- l-
oc occiucu Dy a T-ruromy ie. -o.
was tbc n law authQriiingsuch a decision
but it contravened all previous rules and
usages in that Stato, a majority being
ntccseary there for an election, as ettry
where else, in the absence of any law
under which an election can be made by a
plurality. Stockton received 40 votes and
there were 41 votes for other persons.
Stockton was declared elected and received
bis cicdcntials. In tbe U. S. Senate, his
right to hold a teat being raised, the subject
was referred to tbo Judiciary Committee,
which by a majority reported tho election as
a lawful one. "bat view of the matter was
taken by come or the Committee who were
politically opposed to him, particularly by
Mcsars. Trumbull and Poland. It is amaz
ing to us bow those Senators could have so
decided. When the vote was taken in the
Senate on concurring with the report of the
UOBimittCC, StOCttOn himStW TOtCJ. Ihtli
giving himself one majority. This was too '
rank a uolaticn of all rules and proprieties
to be endured. A reconsideration was car
ried and tho final vote was as stated above.
Politically, Stockton is a full blooded
copperhead. We may hope to sec a man of
different stamp soon elected to occupy the
T II II TETOi
To tht Smuttt f the United Slates :
1 regret that tbe bill, which has passed both
hDes of Congress, entitled "An ast to protect
all persons iu the United States iu their civil
rizhts and furnish the means of their vindica
tion," contain!! provisions which I caunet ap
prove consistently with my snte of duty to the
wbole people ana my obligations to the ioou
tution of the United States. I am, therefori.
constrained to return it to the Senate (the House
in which it originnted) with my objections to its
beoominic a law.
By the first section of the bill all persons born
in the UnitoJ States and cot subject to any for
eign Power, excluding Indians not taxed, are
declared to bo cititeos of the United States,
This provision comprehends tbe Chirsse of tbe
Pacific States, Inilrtas subject in taxation, tbe
people called Gyiie, as well as the entire race
designated as blacks, people of color, legroes ,
mulattoes and persons of African blood.
livery iniiiTidusl of these races Doro in the
United States is by I bo hill mule a citizen of tbe
United States. It does not purport to declare
or confer any ether right of citizenship than
federal cittztusain: it dots not rrupoi to cue
these classes of persons &ny status as citizens of
States, except that which may result from their
status as citizens of the United States. The
rower to confer the rieht of State citizenship is
jut as exclusively with tbe several States as the
power to confer tbe riant of federal citiztnsbip
u wilh Ceaerese. The rifffct of federal citisen-
skif thus to be confenei in the se.eral exoepted
ratios tf fore mentioned, is now ror tbe ar t time
proposed to be then by law. If. ai keUiaif.1
by many, all periuas who are uitito bain ai
rrasy are, by virtue of the contituti.Lu citizrus
of tbe United State the paig of the pend
ing bill oaaaot be necessary to make them suck.
If, an the ether hand, so.-h person hit not cit
izens, as may be asutrel from the pr. pi l 1. g
iatitiou to make them such, tb grave question
areseats itself, whither, wbeie olevm uf the
thirti-sx Slates an- ur.npres i.ti-1 in Cnjnsi
at thai time, it i s.iun.1 p 1j to miki- onr en
tire oolor.d popaUtiou and all etbei exeepicd
classes c.ti na of tUt- Uu.tc-1 States.
Four million ot them Live just eu.erfc'l from
slavery into fretdom. Can it be reasonably
sapfotedthat they puuss the requisite qaahfi
cations to entitle them to all tbc prniliaes and
immunities of citizet.sbip of the United StatertT
Jiave tbe 0le of tbe several States expressed
such a conviction 7 It may also be anted wheth
er it is necessary that they should be declared
eitiaens in order that they may besecnml in the
enjoyment ol tbe civil rights proposed to te
conferred by the hill ? Tho?e rights are, by
federal as well by Stale liws, secured to all
domiciled aliens and foreigners, even before tbe
completion of the process of aaturalition;and
it may sabiv be iumtU that the same enact,
rafiits are sufficient to give !:kc protection and
benefits to those f r whom this I' ll protiJes
Resides the policy of the government, from its
origin to tbe present time, seems to have been
that persons who are strangers to, and unfamil
iar with, oar institutions and our taws, should
iass through a certain probation, at the end
f which, triors attaining tbe eotited prize,
they moat give evidence if their fitoH to re
cehe ami to exercice tbe rights t eitiaens as
contemplated by tbe cwBslimtion of the United
State. Too bill in affect propuaee a discrimin
ation against large aumbers of uitelligcut, war
tby and patriotic foreigners, and in favor of the
negro, to whom after long years of bondage, the
avennes to freedom and intelligence have just
bow been suddenly opened. He most ot neces
sity, from bis prt-iioug unfortunate condition of
servitude, l less informed as to the nature and
character of our institutions than be who com
ing from abroad, has, to some extent, at least,
familiarized himself with tbe principles of a gov
ernment to which be voluntarily entrusts life,
liberty and pursuit of happiness.
Yet it is nor propwad by a single legislative
enactment to confer tbe rights of citizens upon
all persons of African dawout, born withiu the
extended limits of the United States, while par
sons of foreign birth, who make our hind their
home, must undergo a probation of five years,
and can only then become citizens upon proof
that they are of good moral character, attached
to the principles of the constitution of the Uni
tes States, and well disposed to the gcod order
and happiness of tbe same. Tbe first section of
the bill also contains an enumeration of tbo
rights to be enjoyed by those classes so mi le
citizens iu every State and Territory in the
United States. Thea rights arc :
To make and enforce contracts, to sue, bo par
ties and :ive evidence in court, to inherit, pur
chase, lease, sell, hold and convey real and per
sonal property, and to havo full and etiul Un
efit of all laws and proceedings for the security
of persons and property as are enjoyed by white
citizens; so, too, they are made subject to the
same punishment, pains and penalties, ia com
mon with white citizens, and to nose other.
Thu. a perfect equality ef tbe white and col
ored races is attempted to be find by federal
law in CTery State of the Union, over the vait
field ef State jurisdiction oovered by these enu
merated, rights. In no one of them can any
State exercise any power of discrimination be
tween different races. Iu tbe exercise of State
policy over matters exclusively affecting the peo
ple of each State, it has frequently been thought
expedient to discriminate between the two races.
By the statutes of Some of tbe Slates, North as
well as South, it is enacted, for instance, that
no white person shall intermarry with a negro
or malatto. Chancellor Kent says, speaking of
the blacks, that marriages between them and
the whites, are forbidden in some of the Ststes
where slavery does not exist, and they are pro
hibited in all the slavtholding States by law,
and where not absolutely contrary to law tbey
arc revolting and regarded as an offence against
If it be granted that Congress can repeal all
State laws discriminating between whites and
blacks m tho subjects covered by thU bill, why,
it may be asked, may not Congress repeal in tbe
same way all State laws discrimiaatin; between
tbe two races on the subjects of suffrage and
office. If Conzrese can declare l.y law who
shall l.o!d lands, who shall testify, who shall
have capacity to make a contract in a State,
then Congress can also declare who, without re
gard to race or color, shall have the right to
sit as a jnror or as si julge,to hold any office,
and, finally, to VMe, in erery State and Territo
ry of the United States. As respects the Ter
ritories, they come withiu the power cf Con
gress, for as to them the law making power is
the federal power; but as to the States, no sim
ilar provision exists vesting in Congress the
power to make rules and regulations for
Tbe object of tbe scond section of tbe bill is
to afford discriminating protection to colored
persons in tha foil enjoyment of all the rights
secured to them by the preceding section. It
declares that any person who, under color of
any law,sta(nte,ordinance, regulation or custom,
shall subject orcaoseto be subject sd any inhabi
tant of any State or Territory to the deprivation
of any right secured or protected by this act,
or to different punishment, pains or penalties on
account of such person having at any time been
held in a condition of slavery or involuntiry
servitude, except as a punishment of crime,
whereof the party shall have. I ten duly convict
ed, or by reason of his color or race, than is
prescribed for the punishment of white persons,
shali be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and
on conviction shall be punished by fine not ex
ceeding one thousand dollars, or imprisonment
not exceeding one year, or both, in the discre
tion of the court. This section seems to be de
signed to apply to some existing or future law
of a State cr Territory which may conflict with
the provisions of the bill now under considera
tion. It provides for counteracting snchforbid
en legislation by imposing fine and imprison
mcnt upon tbe legislators who rnsy piss such
conflicting laws, or upon the officers cr agents
who .shall put, or attempt to put, them into
execution.' It means an official offence, not a
common crime committed against law upon tbe
nrrscn or nropertv cf the black race. Such an
act may deprive the black man of hit property,
but not of his right to hold property. It means
a deprivation of tbe right' itself either, by tbe
State Judiciary or by the State Legislature. it
is therefore assumed that under this section
members of a State Legislature, who sncuW vote
uitwvt.c - - , e ,
for laws conflicting with the. provisions of the
i.,ii. that inam ! mo ewe nuns nuv uiuum
I ruuci luuLunu.a .... ... ... -.
and that marshals nd sheriffs' who' should, at;
ministrial officers execute proctsses sanctioned
by State laws and issue by State judges in exe
cution of "their judgments, could be brought
before other tribunals, and there subjected to
fine and imprisonment for tbc performance of
ci tnc uutics whicn sucn o:ate laws migut im
pose. The legislation thus proposed invades the
judicial power or tho blatr. it says to every
State court or judge If you decide that this
act is unconstitutional ; if yon refuse under the
prohibition of a State law to allow a negro to
testily; if jou hold that our such a suoiect
matter tbe said law is pvramount, and under
color ef a fctate law refuse the exercise of the
right to the negro, your error of juJgment,
however conscientious, shtll subject you to fine
and imprisonment. I do not apprehend that
the conflicting legislation which the bill seems
to contemplate is so likely to occur as to render
it necessary at this time to adopt a measure of
such doubtful constitutionality. In the next
place, this provision of the bill seems to be un
necessary, as adequate judicial rc-niodits could
be adopted to secure tbc desired end without in
vading the immunities ef legislators, always
important to be preserved in tbe intercut of
puunc peace and order. It is clear that in
States which deny to persons whose rights are
second by the Srt section of the bill any of
ttio'e rights, all civil and criminal cases Affect
ing them will, by the provis.. us of the third
ec ion, come nnder the exclusive eoratzance of
the tedeial tribunals. It fol ows that if, in any
State which denies to a colored rieraou auv oni-
of all those rights, that person should commit a
crime agains.the laws of a State murderrson
rape or any other crime all protection ami
punishment through the courts of the State are
taken away, and he can onl be tried and pun
ished in tbe federal courts. How is tbe criminal"
to Ut ried if the offence- is provided for and
puuisbed by falrra liw ? Tlit law, and not
the state law, is to govern It is only when
tbe offence does not happen to be witbio tbe
purview of federal law that the federal couits
are to try and punish him under anr other law.
Then resort is to be bad to tbe common law. as
ncdifted and chanced bv State lezislation. so far
as tbe svme is not mecnVsrcnt with the c. nsti-
tatkm and law ot tbe United States. S.. that
over this va?i doiniin ot t-riuunal juruprudi nee.
provided 1 each State for the prottcliuii of i's
own citizens and for tbe piintshmect of all p-r-aons
v,ho tioiale its criminal laws, federal law,
W.ervtirit cm Le made to apoly, di(.laca
?(.telaw. The .jUesti'.n here uitural'y aris. s
from what source Congress deprives its powers
to transfer to ft Itra) triLunn - certain cl iss
en.la 1. 1-1 in tins section. Tin- const ituti n t-x-pre-s-iy
declaims 'h-.i the u lieial powi r . i iht
United bt.ief -shall extend to all cases in law
and euitt ai.s i. ui:tr luis otustitution, ti.e
IkWS.tth. Li itnl St-iit', and 're ities iu.!c.r
which shall be male undt-r their authority; to all
cases anactiL anil as? idorb or ciher public mi
ni:erg and ooosjis ; to all cast-- of admiralty
aod maritime jurisdiction ; to controversies to
which the I'n.tel States shall be a party; toeon
trovcrsiis bctaeon two butts : betwttn citizens
of different Stiu-s ; between cit'z n- of the same
State, claimiui: land under grants 1 another
State, between a State and citizens
of different Stales, and Ix-twrcn a Stats or tbe
citizens thereof ai.d .'ore-ign St ites, citizens-or
subKf's." Here tbe iu lieial power of tbe
united States is expres-dr set forth and defined;
and the act ef September 21, ITS'1', establishing
the judicial courts of the United .State, in con.
ferring upon the federal courts jurisdiction ovi-r
caes origin iting in State tribunals, is careful
to confine them lo tbe classes enumerated in the
above reeite l clause t f tbe constitution Th'.s
section uf the bdl undoubtedly comprehends
cases and authorize the exercise of powers that
are not. by the constitution, within tbe jurrs
diclion . t i:,t- ciurts of the United Stales. To
transfer them li those c arts would be an exer
cise of authority well calculated to excite dis
trust and marm o.. ihe part ol all the States ;
for tbe bill applies ahhe to all of them, as well
to tbvss that have a to those that bare not
been eniged in rclelhon.
It may be assumed that this authority it inci
dent to the power granted to Congress by the
constitution, as recently amended, to enforce by
appropriate legislation tb article dedaring that
slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a
punishment lor erirae whereof the party shall
have been duly convicted, shall exist within tea
United Stales, or auy place subject to their jorU"
diction. It canoot however, be justly claimed
that, with a view to Ihe enforcement ot this ar
ticle of the constitution, there is at present any
necessity for the exercise of all tb powers
which this bill confers. Slavery has been abol
ished, and at prcseut nowhere exists, within the
jurisdiction cf the United States, nor has there
been, nor i it likely there will be, any attempt
to rceive it by the people of ao State. If, how
ever, any su.-h attempt shall be made, it will
then be the duty of tbe general government to
exorcise ant aud all incidental powers necessary
aol proper to maiLtatn inviolate this great law
of rrcedvm The fourth section of the bill pro
vides that officers and agents of the FreoJ men's
Burcaa shall be empowered to make arrests, and
also that other officers may be specially commis
sioned for that purpose by tbe President of the
United States. It also authorizes Circuit Courts
of the United States and the Superior Courts of
the territories to appoint, without limitation,
commissioners who arc to be charged with tbe
perform noeof quasi judicial duties. The firth
section empowers the commissioners so to be
selected by the court, to appoint in writing one
or more suitable persons, from time to time, to
execute warrants and other processes desirable
by the bill These numerous offici il ngents are
made to constitute a sort of police, in addition
to tbe military, and are authorized to summon
a pone coMifsfiu, and even to call to their aid
such portion of the land an J naval forces of the
United States, or of the militia, "as may be ne
cessary to tbc performance of the duty with
which tbey are charged." This extraordinary
power is to be conferred upon afents irresponsi
ble to the government and to tbc iople, to
whose number the discretion of the commission
ers is tbe only limit, and in whose hands such
authority might be made a terrible engine of
wrong, oppression and fraud. The general sta
tute regulating the land and naval forces of the
United States, the militia and tbe execution ef
the laws, are believed to be adequate for any
emergency which can occur in time of peace.
It it should prove otherwise. Congress can at any
time amend these laws in such manner as
while, subserving the public welfare, not to jeo
pard the rights, interests and liberties of tbe
The seventh section provides that a fee of ten
dollars shall be paid to each commifs'oner in
every case brought before him, and a fee of
five dollars to his deputy or deputies for each
person he or thev may arrest and take before
anyJocb commissioner, wilh such ether fees as
may be deemed reasonable by such commissioner
in general for performing such other dutie3 as
mav be required in the premises. All these fees
are to le paid out of tbe Treasury of the United
States, whether there is a conviction or not ; but
in case cf conviction they are to be recoverable
freni the defendant. It seems to me that under
the influence of such temptations bad men might
convert any law, however beneficent, into uu
instrument of perseculicn and fraud.
I do not propose to consider the policy of this
br,T To me the details of the bill are fraught
with evil. The white race and black race cf the
South have hitherto. lived together under the re
lation of master and slave capital owning la.
lor. Now that relation is change!, and as to
ownership capital and labor are divorced. Tbey
stand now, each master of itself. In this new
relation, one Icing necessary to the ether, there
wilt be a new adjustment, which both are deep
ly interested in making harmonious. Each has
equal power in settling the terms, and, if left
to the laws that Tegulatc capital and labor, it is
confidently believed that they will satisfactorily
work out the problem. Capital, It is true, has
more intelligence; but labor is never so ignorant
as not to understand its own interests, not to
know its own value, and not to sec that capital
must pay that value. This bill frustrates this
adjustment. It intervenes between capital and
labor, and attempts to settle the questions of
political economy through the agency of numer-
.ous officials, whose interest it will be to foment
dis:ord between the two races; for as the breach
widens their employment will continue, and
when it is clcscl their occupation will terminate-In
all our history, in all our experience as a
people living under federal and State laws, no
such system as that contemplated by tbe details
of this bill has ever before been proposed or
adopted. They establish for the security of the
colored race safeguards which go infinitely be
yond any that the general government has ever
provided for the white race. In fact, the dis
tinction of race and color is by tbe bill made to
operate In favor of tbe colored and sgainst tbc
white race. They interfere with the manicipil
legislation of tht States; with relations existing
exclusively between a State and its citizens, or
between inhabitants of the same State an ab-
sorntion and asaumntion of nower br the pen
era! government which, if acquiesced in, must
sap and destroy our federative system of limi
ted powers and break down the harriers which
preserve the rights of the States. It is another
6tep, or rather strjde, towards eeotraliziticn,
and the concentration of all legislative powers
in the national government. Tbe tendency of
tne Diumu't be to resuscitate the spirit of rebel
lion anc to arrest the progress of those intln
encts which are more closely drawing around
the Stato tbe bonds of union and peace.
Tic Yeto ol the fill IU;ht Hill.
sriitiT or tui: pitrss.
From the Boston Journsl,
We deeply regret tbe appearance of this doea
ment. The bill which it seeks to suppress was
i rumen in iuriiteranee ot an object of trinseen
dent importanee.mailenecessarT bribe triuranh
of tbe national eause, and dear to the hearts of
the patriotic mases. That object is to secure
the equality of American citizenship, to realize
ror tne nrsv time toe funuarrrntal doctrines ol
the DfcUrai'oo of Independence and earrv oit
the avowed parposes of the C-ntitution. The
loyal people are rerfeetly convinced that in this
way only an we end up tbe gigantic evils illus.
trated by Snd rueritd from the rebellion, and
restore solid harmony and pn"-prity to tbe re
generated Union, Ai the fhg s one and the
country is one, the law nmt one. rraehin?
to every citizen alike, eoneving thenrae riihts
an I eetirities, without regard ta color or for
mer cla4 and condi'k u When we rt down to
that broad anil solid foundation evrrvthin - will
go well, and net before.
And vet when a rara'ure of these broad aims
is brought before the President, instead of look.
iDc upon it favorably, ami evert, s mieht be
supposed, stretebing hisdis'.re n approve the
main features of the bill tocoer fomeohiectioe-
able details, he makes the de)ails s main thins;
and regards the whole bill as ertti -il'j if its
purpose were to give power to a r rp .ration cr
to a ens, intead of diffuin; i.iuabty among;
all No great menson et rrsin'v no measure
ale-.Uite to IV xijeney wiii h i'n.- designed
to nv-et could be criticised in thi minute wiy
without findinj many apj.a-tnt o'ljcctions. and
it must he sai I 'hat severs! i f toe urged by
the President are only apparent.
He as'.s, tor insttne, whet'ier the people of
Ihe Southern St tte. haveei'kd t..r eui-h lrgisla
t'on. Of course they bae m t it ! thi'r hos
tility lo equal right" wh rh In- ir.alethe legisla
tion weessary. He preterd that t.r foreigner
'.o discriminated ag-unst ur tlie t the ne-
ro. whereas the sole .list Tv'iem i- I irwren the
natite l.ro and the ! tc go b in. wh-i-h the
t'o. s. itnth n h always an I with ;-rf.c; ju '
iirtgniztl. He lays great s-.resi uj.-n the evils
of .t eonfltc U'tween this rj'-isiirn an I 3tatc
legislation, at.d yet hiitir,f fhit he does
Lot apprehend any "uh c .t.fiirrinc legisla
tion ' Why not, then, inp-e a measure sal
utary in the mam, and n.'-et .in v itu-i lentil ditfi
cultie whoa they actually m-- I
lint the worst of it is, tho - ro hing iu the
veto to shoa that tbe Pres. ki.t . ks upon this I
as in say sense a salutary m.- -ure tie claims
that slavery bring abnbshed ai. I th.rr being no
attempt to revue it, there is f. ne? I . f my such
securities for the negro. He se-nn wholly to
forget about tbe black todes of sever i! S'att s,
a d the nsnierous laws and us'oen now enforc
ing a crushing inferiority apoa the frev-liaeu
He even affects to think it Wonderful that "in
all our histeiry, no such sj-lem a th it erntrm
plited by the details of thrb;!l ha- r-.r before
been propesed or adopted." her, b fore, we
ask, was there sueb an occasi. n sn -h a demand
for it ? Wnen did we eer hae t .ur ui'I.u ns of
frcedmen, still living in the ui-ds' . I their for
mer masters, to legislate lor ; Tj - iv that the
bill is calculated to '-ojratr K fiver of the
colored race," is to say jait whit it cla.uas and
what it ought to do. Everything in tbe South
ern States is now against the negro the laws,
tbe customs, the hab'ts, and the prejudices of
the white and ruling class. All the dice are
loaded against the rrredman, and he has a mir
chance no whet e, outside the protection of the
Federal bayonets and the Federal laws. This
civil rights bill was designed to furn shed him
adequate and permanent security, and we be
litre it does it with ro injury and as little incon
veuience to the whites as is p. ssink-1111 ler the
circumstances. We are sorry that the Presi
dent does not so regard it, an 'l we bo; it will
be repassed over his veto.
From the .N. Y. Evening I'.at.
Ihe niessaige objects to Ihe Civil Rights bill
that, in putting men ot every race on the same
footing in the state they inhabit, it interferes
with the propor legislation uf tbe secral states,
usurping the power of the local '...sUt-arca to
prescribe in what insurer the rights of persons
and property shall be secured.
A distinction is to be taken here vh-th the
measage overlooks. Congress does iit in this
bill say by what rules evidence s'aail be given
in courts, by what tenure property shad be
protected in his occupation. It only says to the
States : Whatever laws you pass in regard to
these matters, nubs them general; make them
for the benefit ot one race as weit as for another.
Who shall ic a judge and whoa juror .Iocs
not, as the message would hue it, but any
means follow. To hold and coiitey property,
real and personal, to be secured iu its enjoy
ment, sue and be sued, to be parties and give
evidence, are rights without wh.ch to call x
man a citizen is to abuse the gilt of language.
But to be a judge or a iuror, or to hull office,
is no part of the rights of a citizen. A foreign
er becomes a citizen by naturalization, but be
cannot be elected Presideut of the United States.
Tbe natives of this country are by birthright
citizens of the federal Government, aud to each
of them that Govern u.ent owes aa equal nveas
ure of protection. Tbe several States may bare
their citizens ; the Government of the United
States has its citizens also. The passports
which are issued for tbe personal security ot
these wht travel in foreign countries, purport
that those who bear them are citizens, not of
New York or Pebusylvauia, but of tbe United
States. If they are oppressed and outraged in
foreign parts, the power ot the country, with
our army and navy at its back, interposes for
their rescue and redress.
Is the federal government, which, as a mat
ter of duty , never fails to interfere when our
countrymen are oppressed abroad, to stand
aloof in apathy and indifference when the citi
zens arc oppressed at home?
It cannot be denied that the circumstances
of the country, and tbe dispositions towards tbe
black race in which the whiles of tbe south
have been educated, give abundant occasion to
expect that the wrongs for which the Civil
Rights bill provided redress will be perpetrated
to a greater or less degree. If they are not,
the bill will be inoperative the Comm'us toners
appointed under it will have nothing to do.
Wc regret that we are compelled to diss ut
thus widely from the positioai taken in tbe
message. We thought veil of the proposal by
Mr. Johnson to admit into C ngress tbe loyal
representatives of the late rebel States. Wc
approved of many of his objections to the bill
for enlarging the powers of the Frerdmen's
Bureau. But, as to tbe Civil Rights bill
though wc are not wholly satisfied with every
one of its provisions It seems to ns as good a
measure ss we are likely to obtain, and we
heartily hope tbat it receive in both Houses of
Congress the requisite majority of two-thirds.
Will the I'rccdmen Work !
Tbe iVor Ration, a newspaper recently
started at Richmond, Ya., bos the following
on the question from a gentleman of Alexan
dria, a Virginian and former slave owner,
wbt has bad a great deal to do with labor,
having been a merchant in tbat city for
thirty years. With bis views and spirit
j rcvailing at tho South, " lcconstruclion'
would be easy :
" It has been stated in the North and in the
South, that the colored people will not work;
that they are idle, lazy, and worthless; tbat it
is desirable tbey should be removed from the
South and their room supplied with white labor;
that if this is not done, tha crops cannot be
planted, cannot be raised, cannot be garnered.
This is net true to any extent. They are neither
Idle, lazy, nor worthless. It is not to be won-
dered at tbat some of them have flacked into j idency n 18C4, Solomon Foot held fast to that
the villages, towns, and cities of tbe States which he knew to be good, and without ming
They have been informed tbat their former ' ling in party caucuses, earnestly and everywhere
masters da not want them; tbat tbey do not i insisted that the recomination of Abraham Lin-
with to employ them; or, if tbey do, it is at coin was essential to the best Interests ol '.be
such a rate as is shameful to contemplate, com- country and the Republican party. Having
pared with the prices paid for slave labor in great respect for parliamentary usages, and for
1809 and 18C0. What were these wages! For j the fonas which confer dignity upon a dtlibera
ficld hands, frcm $100 to 8120 per annum, tive body, he. teemed anxious that the onspeak
besldes houses, clothing, medical attendance, able loss of the nation should be commemorated
and crov'uions. Fcr women from SCO to S75, with fitting ceremonies, and tbat nothing should
and the same provisions. Now since tbe war be left undone to show that as the whole Amtri
notwithstanding tbe high prices of clothing and can people.mourned with unceasing grief at the
medical atteadaace, only from SCO to S7U per tomb ot their slaughtered sage, their represent,
annum are effered payable at tbe end of tbe , stives at.WMhiogton, in Congress assembled.
year, the hirer furnishing houses, provisions,
and wtol and the laborer furnishing clothing
and paying his medical attendance. If
crop fails, of course the laborer is not to be
paid; at least, the obligation is one that will be
difficult for the emnlorer in meft- The ilifKenltv
j about the whole matter rests upon the fact that
tbe former slave-owner to some extent does not
willingly recognize tbc fact that these people
arerer, and havo a right to say whether they
will work for their old masters or not; that
each one is fully at liberty to decide for himself;
inat be is ctt only nominally free, but substan-
tially so, with all the rigbts particular that a
white man has. no more, no less. In some of
the counties of this State, meetings of farmers
jo weu uem, who win not aire a man unices
by the consent of former owner or employer.-
Iben they fix a rate which they will pay. Then
they refuse to rent colored people land. Then
mey reiuse to sen lanu to mose who woold buy.
1 ii... t j 1 1 t ...... .: r i
Mmost all are opposed to the testimony of col.
ored men in court; anil tbey ridicule the idea ot
their having the right or suffrage Had any
one run for Congress on this basis in any dis
trict South, bis vote would have been small in
deed; such is the hatred of these peopls; and
such U their unwillingness, notwithstanding tbe
wicked and ungodty rebellion, to act wisely.
I will do some, however, the justice to say,
tbat tbey acknowledge the altered cD lition of
thing!, and are cheerfully taking hold ami doing
the best they can, beginning to discover that it
is for thsir interest to give these people employ,
ment, and to treat them kindly. We want no
laas to force these people to work. What we
want is the Black Code expunged liom our
Southern statute books, and these people put
upon the same platform as other people, to
work fw whom they may elect to work, and to
have tbe same rights in our courts as white
people have; and, if it be deemed expedient for
the safety of the country, to insure loyalty to
tbe government, to prevent any coalition with
Northern Copperheads hereafter to rental ate
the public debt, or to assnrae tbe rebel debt.
and for the protection of these people, to give
them tbe privilege of voters, tbat tbey should
have this also.
Facts are better tban theories. Now let ue
say tbat colored men are working willingly and
cbeorfully at the coal depot Georgetown, I. Ik,
unloading cvaal boats and loading vessels with
coal, tor SI ' per day; aud the united testi
mony of all tbe agents, of all the coal companies
is that tbey aeter had more work done, never
better done, never more cheerfully. Tbey have
no strikes, but all moves on aaraxraioasly; and
these are all free men from tbe country, tbe kile
and icons wr ar told. Two Urge forces are
now employed alcng tbe line of our railroad,
cnitit.g wood, the partiw employing them fur
nishirg them a month's rations ahead, at seat
prices. They live m the woods, and work at
Toe. per cord, eatting pine and oak wood; and
they are cheerful, conteatad and happy. These
are tacts vbica oannot be denied. All we want
is patience, a disposition fat treat them kindly,
to ackonwiedge tnew tights, and ail will go
well. There need be no fear there u net labor for
all that will work, white and black. Wed not
want emigration societies to furnish us foreign
labor and drive out lb colored people. It
woold be a great oatamiiy to the South if it
were done. Having been in subjection, they
are kindly disposed to work, a ad want employ,
ment. Let us give it to them. In saying this
no unkindness is meant to white laborers. Let
them come aawag us, till the lands, buy'faras.
and help to build up tbe waste places. There
is a proverb. Wnen we injnre we bats. Let
na prjve that it is not always so. Those we
have held in bondage for many generations, let
us now try to help all we can.
Sjruator 1'ot.l's Last lleiuit.
From a iivtice of the character, i linos
and din tli of tbe late Senator Foot, publish.
ed in the Washington ChronuU of Thurs
day, we lake tbe following; deeply intonat
ing account :
Few living men have for so tonga period been
identified with public affairs. Nearly a quarter
of a century in the national councils, as Repre
sentative and Senator from bis State, be sus
tained tbe same priocrplas from the first, and
died, as he hail lived, an incorruptible and ovu
sister. t patriot. A true tyt of the old Whig
party in its best days, he never mingled with
any of the temporary political organizttions.
Always opposed to slavery, it was not until tbe
Democracy began to prepare for secession, that
he connected himieH with those strong men of
Aew England, who, early anticipating tbe de
signs of the Southern traitors, had long before
resolved to watcb, to resist, and to defeat them.
His high moral tone gave untuu&I force to his
opinions. Sensitive of bis personal honor, he
protected with jealous care his honor as a Sena
tor. The friend and confident of many of the
public leaders who flourished in the" generation
that began when Jackson's Administration
ended, be accumulated much valuable experi
ence, and acquired the best habitudes of thought
and tbe most thorough knowledge of men, by
bis association with such opposite and command
ing minds as Webster, Clay, Van Buren,
Wright, Benton, Calhoun, and their numerous
cotemporaries. It may be said of Mr. Foot tbat
he represented tbe characteristics and refleoted
opinions ef tbe most worthy of the departed
statesmen. Tbat be earnestly responded to the
progressive doctrines born ef the great rebel
lien is keenly and gratefully recollected. He
was so scrupulous in regard to bis votes aad
bis words as sometimes to seem to be almost
fastidious. A gentleman "in the grain," and
eminently senatorial in appearance, he was so
tolerant of the opinions and so careful not to
woand tbe feelings of others, that be became,
and was always quoted as, a model of courtesy
and uprightness. He was probably tbe best
parliamentarian in tbe Senate. For many
years, as well before as during tbc period when
the Republicans attained ascendency in that bo
dy, he frequently acted as President pro ttm
port, and here his exemplary peculiarities were
best exhibited. Accurate, quick, urbane, he
was at once an impartial, agreeable, and reso
lute moderator ; simplifying the mcst difficult
questions, repressing the acrimonies of debate,
and preserving throughout th: decorum that
has made the American Senate one of tbe most
dignified Legislatures in the wcrld. There was
cometbing i: bis erect figure, bis intelligent
countenance radiant with manly beauty, bis
strong raasieel voice, his clear and distinct ar
ticulation, tbat made him tbc beau ideal of a
His patriotism was more than an example
to bid countiymen; for he idolized his country.
Naturally conservative in all other things, he
was radical in his hostility to tbe rebellion, and
human slavery, the cause of the rebellion,
Among those who worshipped his country was
Solomon Foot, ol Vermont. Even as he lay
stretched on the bed of death, calmly antici
pating bis final call, conscious that bis hours were
numbered, all prepared to meet tbe final Judge,
his patriot sensibilities were ever on the alert.
Within Sound of his voice stood the Capitol of
his country, and from his couch he could alinsst
sec the American flag floating over the Senate
chamber. Keenly alive to the great qui s!k ns
at iisue in the National Legislature, ami ab
sorbed in hearty sympathy with the loyal m t
jorities in Congress, be speke incessantly of the
dangers of tbe State and cf the duties of the
statesman. Preserving his faculties to the last,
he knew the footfall of every fnend, and forgot
his own afflictions even while announcing tbe
certainty of his death and bis readiness to meet
bis Maker. With bis clear voice, that did not
fail him in his sickness, he questioned each and
all eagerly as to the progress of the publ.c
business, anj more than one who needed
strengthening in his just purposes, and counsel
in this dirk hour of national tribulation, found
both ia tbe last appeals and prayers ot the illus
trious patriot whose loss we mourn.
At the opening of tho present Congress, on
the Cth of December, 1G5. a joint committee
was raised for tbe purpose of providing a proper
Congressional testimonial to the lamented Prea
ident, of which Senator Foot was appointed
chairman on the part of the Senate. He had
ever loved Abraham Lincoln. There was some
thing in the simplicity and truthfulness of the
great President that touched and attracted tbe
great Senator. They were much together; and
it ia not invidious to say that when others baited
or doubted in regard to Abraham Lincoln, and
cast about among other candidates for the Pres-
' owed it to the country and to mankind to
tvmil In eh!. Imna nninmi . t.t.
the bel. mnnUtont with n.nnl.i;..n .Mi:i..i, ...i
rennblioin nimnlieitv. Me vt -.. .,t,.
that Hon. Edwin if. Stanton should pronounce
the oration before tbe two houses; and we can
never forget his delight when both houses of
Congress unanimously selected tbe intrepid War
-Minister for that high office. And this for tbe
double reason that it proved the strength cf Mr.
Stanton against all bis enemies, and gratified
ene personal preierence or Jir. toot himself
When Mr. Stanton declined, for reacne ol his
own, Mr. Bancroft, the American histoiiin. ae.
I cepted the invitatiui to discharge the same high
duty. The necessary arrangements far this
i ftll-UlliVMAlin.linnMMlmn.h 1I..H. it.
committee "ami f more 5do f 3fc FoaT. ImTn -
I preferred to give them his personal attention.
Anxious that all should be well done, and thaf
thv demonstration should not fail in any one
. . , , .. .. . . J
I'tnituiir, ne traverseu irom tne lapttol to the
Presidential Mansion, from the Senate to the
House, and from bis own lodgings to the rail
rcad station to receive the extinguished orator
preferring to leave nothing to others, but, as
far as possible, to extend a personal supervision
over the whole programme. The weather was
cold, and changeable, and inclement: and the
I interest and anxiety superinduced by these vol
untary laoors were soon followed by that com
ami fever which, acting upon a billious temper
ament, forced him to take his bed, from which
he ntver was again to rise. And thus closed
tbe mortal career of one who. in the words of
Senator Sumner himself next in Senatorial ex
perience was "Ihe oldest in continuous service"
in that tbe highest court of American legisla
tion. During his last nines Senator Foot was im
pressed from tbe first with the idea that he
shoald not recover. This conviction was so
strong as to abide with him thrctogh all the
changes of the disease, ami against the express
ed opinions and bores of his nhvsicians and
friends. He freqaently declared hi should nev
er take bis seat in the Senate Chamber again;
and on the last Sabbaib, when there were no
symptoms especially unfavorable, be informed
his friends, in face of an incredulity which tbev
scarcely took pains to conceal, that it would be
the last Sabbath he should spend with them on
earth. His pastor and friend. Rev. Dr. Sun
derland, was often wilh him. and through this
sourt-e we derive the infbrmalitn in regard to
tbe religious viewa sad sentiment ef Ike la
mented Senator. His foith was that af a pious
ancestry; a full aid earnest acceptance of tbe
truths ol revealed religion, and of the way of
salvato n for mink;nd tbtougb tbe caspelof our
Lord Jesus Christ.
He had been foithmlly instructed in the fun
dnmenlal lessons of Christianity tbe child of
many prayers anJ the subject of influences
in early lite which, however, suspended amid
the oeeupatiens and engrrsMnents ef an eventful
private aad public oareer, now at its close ap
peared to return upon him with great impres
siveness. He abjured all hope of future happi
ness through any merit cfhis own, and sought
that justification which is by faith alone in tbe ,
Son of God, and in tbe atonement which He has !
made for the sins of men. His conversation
and prayers were clear, calm, consistent, and ,
often most subduing and awe-inspiring. On the
last day of bis lite, having before arranged all
bis worldly affairs, and committed his soul to
the sovereign disposal of his Almighty Father
and Fnend, and as if forewarned by some ce
lestial messenger, he spent tbe time in taking
leave ot tnose who came to inquire after bim.
To each one as tbey approached bis bedside, be
addressed the meat appropriate and affecting
language, and for many absent friends he left
tbe most tender messages. His interviews with
members of the Ctbinet, bn fellow Senators, and
others, were marked by expressions of a grate
ful and generous friendship, which moved all
present to tears of unaffected sympathy and
sorrow. As an examine of tbe beauty aod pow
er or some or loose inenuenis nut soon to be lor
gotten, he said to one of bis associates in Sena.
torial Kfr. as be approached and took his out
stretched band , "Mr dear friend Fcssenden
the man by wbece side I bare sat so long, whom I
have regarded as tbe model of the statesman
to whom I bare looked for counsel and guid
ance the grief I now ftel is only tbat tbe silver
that has so long bound us together must be sev
ered But, my dear Fessenden, if there is me
mory after death then ray memory w ill be active.-
1 shall call to mind tbe whole cf our earthly in
tercourse farewell, and may God bless yon
forever more." To this tbe Senator addressed
was only too much moved to reply in words,
but silently bent over and imprinted a kiss on
bis forehead and then turned away.
AUut two o'clock he desired the symbols ef
Lbnst f tody and blood to be communicated to
bim, tbat he might join with bis Christian
friends then present in leaving a final, open tes
timony of hit faith in a crucified and arisen
Redeemer, and on receiving tbe bread into his
mouth be solemnly uttered these werds : " This
bread is tbe symbol of the broken body of
(whrist Jesus, through whom alone I hope for
tbe mercy of God ami tbe gift of eternal life."
At one time, in reply to a question if tbe
prospect of the future was bright and uncloud
ed before him, be answered by repeating clearly
and solemnly the following lines :
Jesus, the vision ef tby face
Hath overpowering charms;
I shall not fear death's cold embrace
If Christ be in my anas.
Thus while ye bear my heart-strings break,
How sweet my moments roll,
A mortal paleness oa my cheek
And glory in my soul.
To those of bis associates whom be knew to
be Christian men, and who called to exchange
their farewells, he spoke with an unusual ten
dtixess and fraternal affection; while to all he
testified, in language as fitting as it was ex.
pros sivc. bis unwavering faith in God and his
belief in a future state and " the life eternal."
His only regret and contrition from first to last
was tbe common mistake and aggravation of
human guilt in rejecting so long and postponing
so carelessly the terms of proffered mercy de
clared In tbe Gospel of the Son of God. Thus
he lingered during the day and the night with
out much physical suffering, down to the hour
of seven o'clock yesterday morning Then, as
if be would take a last look at the sun in
heaven, and of tbo Capitol the scene of his
labors on which it (bone, be signified tbat the
curtains of tbe window might be drawn
aside, and tbat be might be lifted up to behold
tbe prospect But as bis request was complied
with tbe film of death had already covered his
mortal vision, and be saw more than any earth
ly capitol and more tban the visible tun thit
bad lighted up tbe firmament wilh the beams of
another owning. After lying quiet for some
half hour more, he suddenly lifted up his hands,
and, with eyes now open and full of unearthly
light, exclaimed, ' I see it ! I see it ! The
gates are wide open ! Beautilnl ! beautiful !"
and almost immediately expired without a
struggle or a groan. So has passed away one
of the purest and the noblest of cur statesmen
and patriots, in this time of our country's need.
Mr. Foot's List Hocus. Senator Foot
was unvaryingly hopeless ofrecovery for tho
last two weeks of bis life, although his phy
sicians and friend, at times had strong hope
that be would recover. Last Sunday, be
said to Mrs. Foot that it was tbe last Sab
bath be should ee on earth He made his
will and gave directions for his funeral, en
Tuesday ; retained bis reason to the last;
conversed on Tuesday morning with Judge
Poland and bis sorrowing friends, and then
sank into a quiet slumber in which he pass
ed away. A Washington despatch attri
butes iiu Ulr.isj to over exertion while su
perintending the memorial exercises in hon
or of Prcsidont Lincoln. After his d.ith
bzd been announced at tbe Executive Man
sion, tbe President and several members o
the Cabinet visited Mrs
her their condolence.
Foot and tendered
Mr Foot' Deatu is tu Si.vatx. The
U. S. Senate adjourned yesterday morning,
immediately after reading of tbc Journal,
on motion ol Mr. Sumner, who said:
Mb. Pruldekt. A great bereavement baa
fallen upon tbe Senate. Mr. Foot, a Senator
from Vermont, one of our most honored asso
ciates and tbe oldest among ns in continuous
service, died this morning at eight o'clock. Vie
has passed from this scene of duty and of honor.
In the presence of such a sorrow It seems better
tbat public business should be suspended for to
day.- Accordingly. I shall make a motion
which I believe will have the. sympathetic- con-
res - ' .
I currence of the Senate.
I make it in the ah.
seneeof the surviving Senator of Vermont, who
, '? oow necessarily engaged in attendance udou
V' .1f th$ de4Sd- ani1 "ler consuita-
1 -"..n T"tb him' 1 moTe ,hlt ,he Sjnat d3 now
mollon w" e"I"d-
Ms.I"oot'b last Hours. Everything con
nected with tho last momenta of one so much
esteemed and beloved as Senator Foot, is of
c mrsc received with intcreat. "Petley" tele
graphs irom aslnngton, "Senator Foot
' f 1 1 ,. .....
I . " " T 8nd KlSter' bi'
physicians, about thrco weeks since, that bis
recovery waa impossible, and yet bo has been
cbccrlul, and has conversed hopefully and
pleasantly with the many friends who have
called on bim. Yesterday he was seized
with a hemorrhage, which convinced him
that his end was approaching, and he bade
farewell to those who saw him in a moat
itnprereivc manner. His parting remsrks to
Senators Fesst-ndtn and Grimes, with whom
he baa Utu so l.mg associated, were especi
ally affecting, and displayed his bop of a
Dr. Baxter remained vtitb tbe dying man
all nigfat, as did bis wife, his brother and
bis nephew, who has Lien hie private Secre
tary As tbc morning approached be be
came iiui reesed with tbe consciousness tbat
bis mi minis vitro numbered, and about
erve.ii o'clock In- desind to I raised in his
hid tbat he miglit take a look at the Capi
tol, ibe new dome and extensions of which
lie has had under his charge as Chairman of
ih Senate Committif on Public Buildings,
llie 1 1 it ml rabed bim, and, clasping his
bi-mis Mitiibd bis knees for support, he
Kazid e. riHstly at the noble pile tbat he Lad
wattled with niuoh interest as it was crcct-e-d,
then t-lesd bis eye forever."
Mr. root'- Death in Congress.
TUE ri'.NERAL CTRTJI0MXS.
Wasuincto.v, March 29, 186C.
Ssxate. Mr. Poland briefly announced
the- death of Senator Foot and offered a res
olution, which was adopted, tbat the Senate
should attend the funeral at one o'clock, and
tltat the Senators should wear tbr usual
badges of mourning the remainder of the
seri..ti. The Senate at 12 took a recess till
one. At one o'clock tbc funeral sercmonics
The Senate galleries were densely crowded
I tu witness the cereinuniea. Hundreds
I were unable to obtain admission. The Soo
aturs occupied seats on tbc left side of the
thatabcr. At 12 General Grant entered
in company with several other military gen
tlemen The Juetitis uf the Supreme Court
were announced and took position on the
extreme right. Tbe President of the United
States, neeumpanicd by all tbc Cabinet ex
cepting Attorney General Speed, next came
in and occupied one of tbc front rows of
scats ; Following these came members of the
House of Representatives preceded by their
officers. These having been seated the corpse
was brought into tbc Chamber accompanied
by the I'omtnittto of Arrangements, name
ly : Senators Duolittlr, Anthony, Howard,
llrndriuks, Sherman and Ruckalew, and by
tbe pall bearers, Senators Fessenden, Harris.
Johnson, Guthrie. Lane of Indiana and Sum.
ner, all wearing white scarfs. Tbc coffin
was place d lmmtdiatcly iu front ot the Sec
retary's disk. It was covered with black
cloth elaborately and tastefully ornamented
with silver. The lid was sdorncd with the
ekoicv-t tl we 8 ami bore a plate with tbo
inscription ut the name ed tbc deceased and
date of bn birth and death. Tbe immediate
relatives and family Int nde uf tbe deceased
occupied seats on the left and in the locality
of the e ffin. '! bete were, also, present the
mtinlt-re of tie diplomatt corjs and iffictrs
of the army and navy ; of the Executive Bu
reaus and incny others,
Ihe President of the Senate. Mr. Foster
presided Rev. Dr. Gray, chaplain of
the Senate ofnenl the exercises by reading
appropratcpas-aiges of Scripture and a rray
cr of deep solmcmntty. Key. Byron Sunder
land delivered a funeral .sermon from tho
text ' Like as a father piticth his children
so the Lord pitieth them tbat fear him."
Rev. Or. Boynton, chaplain of the house.
delivered the concluding prayer.
TL . I - 1 1 . . . .
i ne ceremonies ucing, enueu, tne lunerai
procession was formed, the Senators and Re
presentatives from Vermont following the
family of tbe deceased as mourners, and pro
ceeded to tbc rail road station where tbo
corpse was placed in a car fcr immediate
transmission to t ermont.
Tho whole will be under charge of A. P.
Goiman Esq., Pent Master of tbe Senate,
who is acting fur tbe Scrgtant-at Arms. All
the public departments were closed to-day
at noon, by order of tbe President, as a to
ken of respect to the memory ol Senator
Tbe remain lcavo to-monew morning by
the half past seven train tor New Y'ork,
where they will remain over night and take
tbe Hudson River Railroad via Troy for
Rutland, next morning, where they will lie
in stato at tbe Court House. Senators
Doolittlc, Ramsey, Riddle and Poland will
be in attendance as an escort
nofSK. A message fiom tbe Senate an
nounced tbc dcntb of Senator Foot. Mr.
Morrill introduced resolutions of respect for
his mexory and condolence with his family.
Ihe House agreed to attend the Itinera!
at one o'clock, and then adjourn until Mon
day, in order to give the committees tun- to
disinse of tbe accumulation of their business.
A rcci-ss was taken till one, when tbc House
in a body went to tbe Senate Chamber, tbc
members wearing crape on the left arms.
After tbe cirf monies the House adjourned
The elaborate speeches of rerptct to Jlr.
Foot's memory, will be diiitercd on a
The Wool Growxks. Col. Randall,
President of the National Wool Growers'
Association, accompanied by Messrs. Ham
mond of Vermont, and Montgomery of
Ohio, together with other prominent wool
growers, are in Washington, to seen re an
increased tariS on wool. They intend to
appear Wore the Ways and Means Com
mittee, and will then ask that a tariff of ten
cents per pound and ten per cent, of the
value thereof be settled upon unwashed
cloth wools and others, except combed and
carpet wools. At present the tariff stands
at three and six cents per pound, averaging
about four cents Tbc Boston Post's cor
respondent sayi thus far, in talking with
individual members of tbo House, the dele
gation havo fur tbc most part found them
favorable to ite additional tariff proposed.
The Mo.NTrxuxR Liquor Cases. We un
tiers bind that the heavy liquor cases in Mont
pclier, in which the officers of the State and
United State Courts came into collision.wcre
by agreement, to be decided by the issue of
the Massachusetts cases before tbe Supreme
Court, and that consequently the liquor,
Talued at S500O or $6000, will be surren
dered to the State.
TnxSxTXXTO Yxihost. Governor Dil
lingham baa received a dispatch tbat the
rcgimont expects to reach Vermont by tha
19th of sApriL