Newspaper Page Text
JU Jr Jr
VOL. XXXIV. NEW SERIES VOL. XII.
BURLINGTON, VT FRIDAY MORNING, APRIL 13 I8GG
tl JOHS C. WIUTT1EB.
As one who held herself a part
i)f all she caw, and let br heart
Against the household bosom lean.
Upon tbc motley Drauieu mat
Oar youngest an J dearest tit.
Lifting her large, sweet, asking ejes.
Now batbed within the fadeless green
Ana holy peace cf Paradise.
O, looking lrom some heavenly hill.
Or from some shade of faintly palm.
Or silver reach of river calms.
Do those large eyes beboIJ me sliU ?
With me one little ye-r ago;
The chill weight of the sitter now
For mouths upon her grave hie lain ;
And now, when rummer south winds blow,
And brier and bare-bell bloom again.
1 tread tbc pleasant palls we trod,
I Me tbe vioht-sjirinklcd sod
Whereon the lcane 1. loo trail and weak.
The hillside flowers she loved, to seek,
Yet following me where'er I went
With dark eyes full of love's content
The birds are gliu ; tbe brier-rose fills
Tin air with swce.utss; all tbe hills
Stretch green to June's unclouded sky;
But Mill I wait wiih eager ere
For something gore which should be nigh,
A lots in all fmil!.ir things.
In flower that lilsm' and bird that sings.
And jet, dear heart '. riiuemberint; thee.
Am I not richer than of eld ?
Safe in thy iniuiortsJiiy,
What change can rear a tbe wealth I bold T
Wh it chance can mar the pearl and gold
Thy low hath lett in I r ut with me !
And while in life's l afternoon,
Where cool i.J Uiue he shadows grow
I walk lo m.t ibe uiglit that soon
Snail sba itn I suuluw overflow,
1 cannot feel :bt ihfj -.rt fr.
Siuce near at nct-1 lb ..els arc;
Anl when the v.. s t .';.- uubir, (
Shil! I not t-t:.tt waiting seaud.
And, white agiu . vraiax atar.
The S(l4ne of t! ; ' .i k. uing hand T
Koi thr hl'xtren.
A &a tra'uoi found Lung l'j the hair. - Sam.
IS : 9.
B was a foil) built high in lie air Utm. 11 :4
C was a n.i obtain o "ei linking taeeea. 2 K'imft
16 : 4l 43.
1) wasa nurse.buiini ondir a tree. Gtn. So: 8
E was a nrst-bcni, bad from bis you ill Utb.
F was a ruler who trembled at troth. - .1ctt 24:
G was a mi tsenger, sent with g od word. Dan.
. o .
II was a mother who loaned to the Lord. 1
Saat. 1: 27. 28.
I was a name received at the ford. '-'a. 82:
K was a place near the desert of eud.Vnt.
L was a pauper, begging his bread. Luke 16 :
SI was au idol, an object of dreaJ.-X.er. 20:
.X was an architect, age ago. G. 6: 1 22
V . -.Mr4 (a kMiiat 111 fi nkran .
P was an isle whence a saint kxJwd above.
y was a Christian saluted ia love- Jtoa.l6;28
K was obscure, yet a mother of kings. .Mall.
S Danite who did wondrous things.
Judort 11: 6. 6. let.
T as a citr that had a strong-bold. 2 Sam.
IT -aaai . annnirw Mvwfwuativta r.f tTCllii 1tT.
V was a queen whom a king set aside. Either
7. was a place where a man wipbed to bile.
Gen. 19: 20.
i!I i s c c I 1 :i i y
OUIt "LII)IY LIZEtt."
A I UJIESTIC T A I. E .
She was christened Lydia Eliza, I believe,
but it couldn't be expected that human be
ings could take the trouble of pronouncing
those two hai d names a hundred times a
day ; and the natural consequence was that
rhe was always called Liddy Liaer. and al
ways called herself fso : and the fact oogbt
tn be a warning to nil poor jieople not to
take aii when tbey name th ir children
As for Liddy Lizer hereclt, rhc nevsr took
ary airs I'll say tl.nt for her : but then,
mu i-ec, she had no rea'on to. I took her Out
,1 ttit- i. irh.jusc. Y lien 31r. iranieit tnis
wiek.dwurld.ond I tliongtit ol talcing a
I. w m ! ct 1.. nrdcr. I went tu the poor-house
- h!-" 1-' kdt1.c i'ealihu-tand smartest.
II 1 Lad kiuwn n w smdn ei.e i u
never had any thing to do w ith her, you
may depend on that : but I never knew any
good to come of tin we eh irity children
never. Pen could not tell ill I did for that
girl S!ie w b mnd to :a- until she was
eighteen, and I felt ii my d ity. She al
ways wore two aprons ttiat v vend her from
her chin to her tif , and nice, thick cow
hide bouts, and all winter 1 gave her two
nights a week at evening school, and nevor
allowed her to contract habits of idleness
no, that is not on my c .n-cieuce. I have
hail that girl up at five m tbc morning
scrubbing the steps, when they lroze beneath
her brush, before she was twehe years
Tbc only fault 1 had to find with her was
that she was toff pretty for ber position.
Chariiy children lve no right to l.c hand
some in that way I don't mind healthy red
checks and chubby shoulder , but Liddy Li
zer grew up tall and fair, with great blue
eves nr.d golden cutis, (I cut them off as
close as 1 could to her head though.) and
was better looking than ray AraKiinta, who
was just ber age or would have been, if I
had dressed them alike. Hut you sec I kept
mv Araminta always dreed like a doll, and
put her her hair in paper every night, and
never let her soil her liaudr. and 1 had her
taught to play the piano, and forbade her
thekitchen for 1 meant to bring her up a
As lor Liddy Lizer. you heard her name
all over the house n bundrtd times a day. I
wanted her, cook wanted her, Araminta
wanted her, and every boarder in turn need
id Liddy Lizer. When sUe found time to
cru;-I don't know, but grow she did. I
knewtbJ byber twoF.on?-, She was a
1 . . - "rt '
Oer T.mfc I Tint t.. . i?UUUj.
irtr -n-l r....t , . rrT' UUI.
t UIU1FULU rMf III I till.
mcnts on me nrM noor with his own hand-
EOme tilings, anu paia well and iiromptlv.
Which Hie uoarucrs awn t all do. I won
dcrcd ii iic was a bachelor.
I looked at my Araminta, dressed in
scarlet and black, with her hair braided at
the back and fattened with a gold comb.
Tbe girl had a bewitching way, like her
mother's when she was young ; and I lay
awake, drcaminfr. tbounh mv eves were wide
onen. nil niirht. about bcin mother-in-law to
Sir. Ashton. Yes : the truth was, I bad made
up my mind that my Araminta should be
best, and dress her prettiest ;and, certainly,
when I was almost driven wild with duns
from dry-goods etorcs every day of my life,
the ouzht to bare had a sufficient wardrobe.
And that 13 iiic wav i.iauv uzr r was nress-
ed into service, and nut on her nink calico.
and sat up in the back-parlor stitching all
day ; for she was bandy with ber needle,
and Araminta detested sewing.
Matters began finely : for, as Araminta
told me. while they were ccwinz Mr. Ash
ton tapped at toe aoor, ana. wncn (oi
csursc) she asked turn in, sat talking to ner
mr iwo nours.
The next dir. and tbc next, he came also;
etrv at that : and I said to Araminta :
' f never saw one come on quito so fast
iiug io ttiat.
And she said :
" Oh. co 'away, raa !
Sunday I felt curious. Araininta dressed
in her best, and ran all over tbe house, talk-
ing and aeking the time, so that nnv one
micbt be sure she was quite readv ; but Jlr.
Ashton did not oficr to cecort her and she
went alone. 1 fancied he was not a church
going roan. Hut ten minutes after ho put
on his hat and coat, and went in quite an
njipof itc direction, and never came back un
til balf past twelve.
Of course Araininta was in a pet that
afternoon, which was to be cipected. But,
as I told the girl, who knew what odd sect
ilr. Ashton rnhrlit belong to.? He bad tra
veled, and traveling appears to unsettle
people's minds on rclisious suMects. '
Poor Araminta ! She had said that she
had Iiall a mind to give up Mr. Ashton, and
marry young Tompkins, who really did adore j
The next week, however, Mr. Ashton
seemed to be its devoted as ever. There was
inoro scwinc, and AraminU insisted on hav
ing Liddy Lizer of afternoons, and he read
more poetry. He drew, it teeme, and asked
leave to i-keteh her as she sewed.
When Lc as dono ho would not let her
see it becsuec it did not suit him ; but I
peeped into hi- jiort-Iolio the next day, and
saw that he had really been dissatisfied, for
be had rubbed Aratninta's portrait almost
out, and left only Liddy Lizer sitting on a
lcnch at her feet.
Tbe boldness of that Liddy Lizer, I vow I
never half knew what it was until about
flower-planting timt . I went unexpectedly
into tho garden, and faw the girl, with
seeds and roots in her hands, talking to Mr.
As-hton some rubbish about loving flowers,
and feeling that that they Wire her friend.
"Ma," said Araminta, "its tcry plaiir
Mr. Achton is in love, but he don't say any
Wing. I can c tell why.
You don't lend him on.' I said.
ua," said A
ns don't need any leading on
ma, said Araminta.
It was nrovokins
Mr. Asiiton bad been
there six month, and Araminta't inuIinerV
bills wert frightful. Liddy Ijaer wa patt
Mrvtnteen now, absolutely lefuecd to wear
aprons, at all, and would put ber hair tuck
with comb? and let it grow. She as ha ti
dy, too, and made herself look altogether
toofixyfora hired girl. Just then, too,
she our tod up to go to Sunday evening
meetings ; and what with the minister's
wile, and tho knowledge that she was quite
near tbe end of lur time with me and very
urelul, I let her have more of her own way.
ISeeides, I bad not so much time to think of
her.- My mind was full of Arnminta's
At last one night a Sunday, in the first
of May Araminta said :
"I am going to find out what Mr. Ashton
does with himself Sundays."
Well, tbc child came home at lml! past
nine, pale as a ghost.
"Mother, 1 followed Mr. .snton. anu tie
went to a Methodist meeting."
Is that all?" I asked.
"'o, ma," said Minty ; "wait a minute.
He sat in the middle aisle, and 1 went into
the gallery ; and pretty soon I saw Liddy
Lizer come in, and march up the aisle and
seat herself betide him, and tbey Skc, and
looked on the same book, and, ma, he saw
'You mean site followed on after him, I
"So, ma ; she took his arm.'"
I could uot sleep all night for thinking of
A daybreak I went down stairs. There
was Liddy Lizer Irying fritters for the early
lioardcrx. Sho looked up, and said :
'Can you have tbe face to speak to me ?
1 said. "''You arc found out, miss ; your
character is known at last. I know why
you go to church so much."
She blushed, but said nothing.
"My house is a respectable one, and I'll
have no ill-bcbaved creature here. Your
time is up in a week ; find a place by then,
and take yoursell off then sooner it you
She did not fire up, but said .
Xot another word, only " Yes, ma'am."
And it made mc so angry that 1 struck her.
And then I turned, and saw Mr. Ashton
looking at us from the hall.
A week went by. and on Saturday Liddy
Lizer came to me and said, quite coolly :
"You wouldn't mind my leaving this
evening, I presume, Mrs. Trab?"
"The sooner the lietter," I replied.
An hour after, she came to say "Good
" (Jo xl-bve. Liddv Lizer." I said, "only
don't come to me for a character, for I could
not give you one."
"I shan't come, Mrs. Trab," she said,
and went away as a lady might with n little
polite bow. Cook followed, and came back
to tell rsc she had pone to tbe minister's.
"Araminta." I said after tea, " it's plain
that Liddy Lizer has deceived Mrs. Scran
tum. It's our duty to go around and let
her know what the girl's real character is.
Our duty as Christians, Minty." So wc
The minister's house was lighted up, and
peeping through the window wc siw that
tbc parlors were lull.
"A donation party or something," 1 said.
"Methodists arc always having such things.
We'll just make ourselves sociable and End
n chance to tell Mrs. Scrantum as if by accident-
Strangers arc always welcome at
So we went in. The servant it wasn't
Liddy Lizer) asked us to step up etairs and
take off our things. And then we went
down into the parlor.
" by, ma," said Araminta, ' it's a
And sure enough, Mr. Scrantum stood in
tho middle of tho floor, with a couple beside
"Mr. Ashton, ma," whispered Araminta.
And oh, goodness gracious ! just then tbe
bride stepped around so that I could see her,
and I wonder I didn't drop to the floor, for
it was Liddy Lizer ! And Mrs. Scrantum's
Eister was her bridesmaid.
Me. Xisur ox tue i-bse-nt Sitimtion. Sa
far as heard frum, wc uv tbe South is still
in a strat uv abject cussitood. Our habis
corpuecs wich Linkin took away frum us
heven't bin returned, and we arc obleegcd to
it alon" cz best wc kin without era. I knoct
down a small nigger yistcrday for the purpose
uv asscrtin the soopenority ol tnc loucashun
race over the Afrikin, aud wuz to wunst
hauld up afore a Freedmen's Buro and fined.
Our high-toned and chivalrous members are
pvlooded from Concris. on the frivolous plea
t4hat tbey wuz kernels andbiiggydcer Giner-
als m 'be LWnieaeni serns, aouan mew. um
raWs ag"jn Dimocrisy, androo Johnson, by
permitt n. . J-Pfl--. M
1 could prooao'j1 " "b"
lam a Dimokratuv thirty year's standing,
and uv courso hev mn on Doiutues u cry
politiklc fence tbe seats uv uy pomiKic
pants is full of slivers. But Oeforo I take
down these things I wast io know what 1
am coisa io 01T FOE IT. i.t Anaroo oonnsou
goes back on his party onl bis pledges, be
uv course asks us to go back on ourn. In
sicb transactions, when both parties by bein
engaged in it, all confess themselves rutber
a low grade uv tkoundrcls, I think it well
enuffto hev tbe con;ideratian caid down.
Ef Androo Johnson wants me ho knocs
tbc terms. I am his to command, for a can
sidaraohun, cz much ez is tbe thousands uv
Dimokrats who hev bin for the pa6t week
gittin up democstrashuca. But 1 want
euthin to goon. VThcn 1 hev bis peimission
under tbe oroaa scei ut me rost Urbs lie-
rjartment to write "P. 51." after my illust
1 . - . ,
nous name, i enau un jHtiireu io wane in
I hev bin huntin np sevral reasons for SUP'
portin him I her em all ready I only want
this additional one, anu men i ning my Dan
ner to the breeze. Faith is sed to be tbc sun
uv all religious systems Post Oktis is the
central figger in all Dimokratic creeds tho
theme ut conversation oj oay, anu me stapie
Petkouxii V, Kasnr.
j Liit Pastor uv tbc
i Church uv tbc Koo Dispcncashuu.
; ftc Sm nm
CEO. W.lc C. C. BENEDICT,
EDITORS AH raoraitrORS.
FRIDAY MOBNING APBIL 13. 18CG.
FREEDOM AXD EQ.UAL, RIGHTS.
rnssage ol the Civil Rights Rill in th
Senntc, otcrthc President's Veto.
Wc arc glad end thankful to be able to
i record another triumph of the cause of Jus
tice and Freedom, in tbc re-passago by the
Senate of the Civil Bights bill. It
is a triumph, too, of the People over
presidential influence and usurpation ; for it
was doubtless the wholesome fear of the
loyal voters of the North, overbalancing the
weight of presidential influence, which
brought the doubting Senators up to tin
mark, and secured the passage of the bill
over the President's veto. Its re-passage
by the House may be considered as certain
as anything future, and tbo next question is
"what will the President do about it?"
Wc earnestly trust that he will accept the
admonition, lay to heart this fresh proof
that revolutions never go bad. ward, and
j im hands once more with the party in Con
gress to which he owed his elevation, and
from which alone can he obtain any valuable
Ibe veto mtssage was taken up in tic
Semite Kriduv at one o'clock. Ben Wado
gave his viewt of the President's policy
Garrett Davis and Saulsbury sustained the
veto message, the former declaring that if
the bill became a law, he should become the
enemy of the national government, and tie
latter p.-rdicting fresh levulutiun and blood
shed, from the page of the bill. Senator
Doolittlcannouneid that though instructed
by the Legislature of his State to vote for
the bill, be ehould not do so. He wished a
civil rights bill could be framed which would
suit both Congros and the President. Sen
ator Yates of Illinois, urged Senators to
march forward and boldly do their duty,
which they proceeded to do. The question
licing, "Shall the bill pass, the President's
veto to the contrary notwithstanding," the
vote stood :
Yeas Messrs. Anthony, llrown. Chandler,
Chirk, Conness, Crajin, Creswell, Kdmund",
Fetsenden. Foster, Grimes, Harris. Henderson,
Howard, Howe, Kirkwood, Lane of Ind.. Mor
gan. M rrill. 'ye, Poland, Pemeroy. Ranuey,
Sherman, Sprapie, Stewart, Sumner.Trumbull,
Wade, Willty, Williams, Wilson, Yates 33.
Nats Messrs. Bucialcw. Cowan. Davis J)oe-
little, Guthrie, Hendricks, Johnson, Lane of
Kansas, McDougall. Vimitb. hoiton. Riddle.
Saulsbury. Van Winkle, Wright 15.
Abext Mr. Dixon.
The Chair announced, amid great ap
plause, that the bill, having received a two
thirds vote, bad become a law, but subse
quently corrected the inadvertanco by stat
ing that the bill, having rrcched a two
thirds vote, had passed the Senate.
It will be seen from the above that tho bill
bad the vote of every Xcw England Senator
save Dixon of Connecticut, wbo though in
Washington, was not present ; of both tie
Senators of New York, Senator Morgan.wbo
has been in doubt, having come to the con
clusion timt he could not disregard the in
structions of the "ew York Legislature his
voto was received with loud applause in tbe
galleries ; of both the Illinois Senators ;
both the Missouri Senators ; both the Mich
igan Senators : both the Iowa men ; both
of the Senators lrom the new State of Ne
vada, both Sherman and Wade of Ohio, and
a vote apiece from Indiana, Kansas, 5Iary-
land, Oregon, Wisconsin and West Virginia.
Who will undertake to say that these votes,
from tbc Kist and West and Southwest, do
not trulv represent the loval masses ?
Cowan of Pcnnsylvania.Jim Iiue of Kan
s, Doolittle of Wisconsin, Norton of Min-
esota, and an Winth of West Virginia,
elected as republicans, stand by the Presi
dent, and will doubtless have their reward.
On motion ol Mr. Trumbull, tbc Secreta
ry of the Senate was ordered to communi
cate to the House a copy of the veto mes
sage, together with the result of the vote,
and the Senate, after this good days' work,
adjourned till Monday.
Rhode Ilnnd Election.
The election in Bbodc Island passed oil
very quietly, on Wednesday, and was all one
way as a matter of course. Gen. Burnside
wai elected Governor by a majority of
5200 in a total vote of about 11,000. The
Senate stands 2S Union to S Democrats ; tbe
House 65 Union to 7 Democrats.
Full returns in Connecticut give
Hawley's majority, 693
This is close enough for all practical pur
poses. It was a desperate copperhead euort,
with the influence of tbe Administration
thrown, in effect, in their favor; but it fail
ed. The democrats carry 8 of tho 21 Senat
ors. The House is heavily republican, and
tbe election of a republican U. S. .Senator is
51b. Foot's Death a N'atiosal loss. The
public men of any station have been few
whose death has occasioned such wide and
deep felt expressions of sorrow, as those
which have followed the decease of Senator
Foot. We take the following noticeabl e-
cognition of the country's loss from the
Washington correspondence of tho Boston
Watchman and Rtfltctor :
The announcement, last week, of the death of
tbe Hon. Solomon Foot, of Vermont the olaat
United States Senator, recognized by his asso
ciates as "the Father of the Senate,'" honored
and loved as a man, a patriot, and a statesman-
awakened throughout toe whole una a proiouna
tense of national 'bereavement; and, wa may
add. throucbout all the loyal States a profound
(Wlinr of nersonal loss. There are bat few men
in any age capable of commanding universal
confidence like mat which was yieiaea to mm
by all classes of the people, from tbe Atlantic to
the Pacific The moral away which he exerted
arer all with whom he waa officially connected.
from the President to the page, was well known
in Washington, nevertheless, these who occu
pied the highest stations -were somewhat sur
prised to objerred what vast masses of tbe popu
lation bewailed his departure, not merely with
the excressiona of a common sorrow, "but a a
man moiirneth for hla friend."
I uv drecms by night How long ! oh
tbe lind conld easily account for the profound
esteem which they cherished for him; they rec
ognized the power of hii intellect, the clearness
of his insight, tho cogency of his reasoning, his
masterly grasp of the great problems of the
int for the profound
umcs; dui now was it tuat tbe great multitude.
in ine very bumtiltst walks of life so fully ap
preciated and truly loved a man so habitually
reserved, and so unapt to stir the masses of the
people or taking speech and popular appeal I
The answer to which we are leu is initinctive
and refreshing; it was because their instincts
apprehended at once his ml greatness; the sim
plicity and integrity of his character; they trast-
eu mm; and, as trust is tbe foundation of Icve,
they instinctively loved him. During cur four
years- war tit passed a Lery ordeal, stood nobly
by the cause of his ccuntrv. sustain) d President
Lincoln in the dtrkeet hoars with a strong hand
and wise counsels, and never betrayed a confi
dence. The people saw all this, and when they
ice the like they always love to enthrone a
strong and honest man, and honor him as "tho
noblest work of God."
In view of this distinguished position conced
ed to Senator Foot, the narrative of his lutdsvs
in his chamber of sickness at Washington, is full
of touching appeal io the moral and religious
sensibilities of tbc millions. No sermon can
equal it; as the press sent it forth from the cp
ital it is a fresh messijre lrom heaven to the
Honors tu the .Memory of Mr. Foot.
PK0CEEM.NCS OF TDK CI1ITTENDE.V COIT.NTV BAB.
At a meeting of the 5Iembers of the
Chittenden County Bar, on the 3d inst.,
Hon. 51. L. Bennett presiding, it was re
solved that tho Court be requested to give
opportunity for a suitable expression of sor
row for tbe loss of Mr. Foot, on the part of
thr members of the Bar, and on ni!i.n of
K. J. Piikli-s, Esq., a ooinmittic of nine, to
present suitable resolutions, was appointed.
as follows :
E. J Phelps, Burlington,
Hon. Geo. F. Edmunds. UurlinRton.
Hen. L. B. Kngletby, Iiurtini;ton.
Hou. Hilind Hall. Iltcni tn.
Hetnin S. Royee, St. AlU.i,s.
B. F. Fifield, Montpelier.
Ira W. Clark, Middlebury.
Geo. L. Watermtn, Hydepark.
Geo. A. Bsllard, Georgia.
nuay at t.ou i". .ii., llio Uourl sus
pended its ordinary business, and the fol
lowing truthful and appropriate resolutions
were introduced by 5Ir. Phelps :
Rttolted, That the members of this Bar. in
common with the whole people of Vermont,
have received with profound sensibility and sor.
row, the intelligence of the death of Hon. Solo
IitioUed, That we resard this mournful
event, especially as occurring in the present ex
igency and crisis of public affairs, as a serious
misfirtune, not to our own State merely, but to
the nation at large.
Rttolted. That in all the relations of ih (,
of our departed brother ani friend, as the elo
quent advocate, the honored and beloved citizen,
the Senator of consummate ability and unsul
lied integrity, the Patriot cf tireless devotion.
and the gentleman without reproach, he has
been a distinguished ornament to the State of
his birth, in whose service he died.
Retohtd, That the members of this Bar will
cherish his memory as one of onr own hmiW.
hood, sprung from our ranks, and always near
and dear to us alL Iiut wbilo we mourn the
loss we have sustained, we find a juit consola
tion in the reflection that it is not for him we
are to deplore, that to a life so illustrious and
nsful has come to an end so peacoful, honored
by a nation's sorrow, and illumined by the
Resolved. That these resolutions, and the
proceedings of this meeting be publicly pre
sented to the Chitttndsn County Court now in
session, with the respectful request that they 1
ordered by the Judges to be entered on the
record; and that the Secretary of the Bar be
directed to transmit a copy of the same to tbe
wiuow oi air. loot-
bekabes or kb. rurxrs.
Mr. Phelps sid that deith had of late been
0 busy, that none could have failed to be im.
pressed with the fact that the sentiments inspir
ed by such an event as we are commemoratine,
are not fitted for public utterance. -They belong
to ine ararr, and not to the voice, and the at
tempt to And public expression could only brief
an almost painful sense ol inadequacy. Mr.
Foot was so far identified with the State for a
quarter of a contury, that his memory is pub-
lie properly, neatl knew bim. We all re
member him his genial spirit, his kindly .cour
teous manner, bis personal worth, his large pub
lic ability and services. He (Mr. I'helprjwould
not undertake to analyze tbe eltments of his
character and fame, further than to allude to
one or two minor characteristics. One
of these was that while we have seen
greater, more brilliant men, it was rare indeed
to find one so strongly endeared to so many of
his constituents. This was due to his anxiety
to be practically useful to bis constituents, and
rarely has a public man succeeded in accom
plishing so much for tbe immcdiste private in
terests of his people, without neglect of public
interests. It waa due to his remarkable consi
deration for the feelings of others. It was due
to the unsullied and unswerving integrity or tbe
man.JThat was never questioned. He left Wash
ington and public life with hands as clean as
when he went. His loss it peculiirly severe at
this emergency, following so closely the death
of Mr. Collamer, and at a time when all the
tart and experience of onr bet' men are so great
ly needed. The men of that high stamp arc
passing away lrom ui, and whether their places
can be filled, is a question which presents
itself forcibly to the present and coming genera
tions. Ut. Phelr closed his graceful tribute, by
quoting Mr. Foot's own striking and prophetic
words, at the close of his speech in the Senate
on tbe death of Senator Collamer. "He whose
"death we lament has gone to be with ns no
more. His work on earth ia done. He
"strikes a go'den harp among the Seraphim on
high, his precepts and his example are lett
" to us for our instruction and our profit. Hap
" py indeed will it be if we shall to prot by them
" that we shall be ready, at he was ready, for
the nnai sammoni in that hour which is com-
" iag to ui all, and to some of ut ia not far
off when the world and its warthlessness
" shall fade from our sinking vision."
J. S. Adams, Esq.. Clerk of the Court,
read a letter of sympathy with the objects
of tbe meeting and respect for the memory
of 5Ir. Foot, from J. N. Pouirov, Esq., and
added a few words.
XS. ADAStS' XEUABXS.
There was to bim a peculiar significance in
this staying of the ordinary bnsineas of a court,
to consider the work ot death, and to reflect on
the disruption of ties, like those. now broken. It
was wholesome for men of all professions, thus
once in a while to stop and consider the lesson
ol our mortality. Ilia own travels through the
State enabled him to add a fall confirmation of
Mr. Phelps' remarks upon the attachment of
the people of this State to Mr. Foot There
was probably no living Vermonter who had so
many personal friends as he. By his universal
kindness, by the fact that no Vermonter, how
ever ranch a stranger to him, ever applied to
him for aid- in vain in these ways, end by his
probity, industry, and careful and conscientious
service he commended himself to the perfect re
liance of the people. But words are idle. His
best monument is in the hearts of Vermonters.
In that striking death bed scene, one of the
most impressive in history, when he asked to be
raised that he might look on tbe structure which
was the object of his care and the scene of his
labors, be closed a model life.
xx. xaaLEiBT'i limits.
Hon. L. B. Enzlesby said that hi had hard
ly expected to b calltd on to tpeak, where so
many others could do so from closer personal
acquaintance; bat Mr. Foot's fame belonged to
the Stale, and it wis perhaps fitting that one
who knew him less intimately should add a word
to express the public lota. Mr. Foot bad stood
among the public men most respected for purity
of life and rectitude of intentlon.and had passed
away leaving the memory of an honorable career.
Be died at th atitesmin and patriot would de-
Why was it so ? The
of sire to, with, as it were.his harness cn, at Wash
ington, and with his eyes resting on tbe Upi-
ioi. us coma inina oi uv umrc umug n.c,
or more worthy end to a worthy life, and such
tie believed was the verJict or the people or tun
Ilo.v. D.vizL Kodektj followed with
, ,. , . . , ... ; whole people. 1 would not navo bad the elect Senators and having authority to pro
touehmgand beautiful tribute, which we pki,i , !f Th,t u, ,r,nn. J m. i i " '
arc glad to Lc able to give verbatim :
BE3IAIUCS Or MB. BOCLHTS.
.Viiy it please your Honors :
The resolutions adopted by the Bir
and ofiVred to the Court fer record, express all
that can be said by amplifioition of speech.
lhey speak of Mr, root as uwyer, as orator, as
statesman and citizen. Tbey spnk in no lan
guage of stinted praise, and yet are truthful al-
together. It was not needful here to speak
guarded phrase, lest the language of generous
eulogy should not be able to bear the test of the
cold critic'Sm of t istory. The unprompted lan
guage of affection and reverence is here happily
the language of simple truth.
I have known Mr. Foot from my boyhood as
a Freshman of 1 i in College, I met him as Se
nior I was for a time an inmate of the family
of his widowed mother. I am a native of the
County in which he spent nearly all of his ac
tive life, and though younger than he, was but
one year behind bim in my admission to the
Rutland County liar. I have met him at the
Bar in practice, and hive shared his friendship
in social lire, and have always watched with in
terest and co-operating sympitby his course in
public life. I waa bound to him by personal
furors I held him by the hand in his last sick
ness; and I speak of him as one who knew
him. How well he has played his part upon the
public stage; nay. rather hew well he has acted
out himself in the management of p iblic affair,
I need not state. His record ia known and read
of all men. It ia one of which his native State
may well be prou 1. for it was ns pure as it was
illustrious, lie n rmiMed Ii t monument in
the heirtsof the people ot Vtrm nt.
"And theie enshrined hi such norno doth lie.
That kings for sueh a tomb might wh to dw."
ine nrartis oetier man ine brad; tbe ran is
greater than tbe ttatettnin. and purity and
honesty of soul ezel in merit the highest at
tainments of earthly ambition. So, although
our brother hl high abilities as lawyer, orator,
politician and statesman, yet 1 h. i.or him rocit
that he carried into all the activities of his life
an honesty, generosity and noWri.es of spirit,
wbih illnminateil Ihe work of hi- intellect, and
attested tbe true mtnliness of the man.
It is a beautiful incident attru J ng bis last
sickness, that he tried to remember tbe man
wbom he had ever intentionally injured. He
ceuld think of none. If there be such an one,
let him step forth and listen to the meek prayer
of that deathbed for forgiveness. There is none
such who will stand as an accusing spirit of our
brother before the great &?ize.
How many baa be aided in their needs, and
bow baa he proted himself the servant of the
people in attention to all the demands made of
his official influence!
Hot and impulsive at times, and pouring out
without caution the wcrda of indigLant censure
of anything which he deemed base or meant,
ytt we loved bim the more for this bailing over
of a generous, honest soul, and his free speech
dignitled him even in the estimation of the sub
jects of his censure.
A true i vrmocter son of poverty, wbo won
his way to success and honorable di-tinelion by
his own efforts and the innate powers of hia own
nature, and dcerved the success be won wbo
loved the State that reared him. and the people
in whose service hia life waa expended, and
drank in their spirit ef liberty an 1 -turdy inde
pendence a statesman without reproach pure
of life an able, honest, honorable, kindly,
something even more than these, the beauti
ful scenes of that death-chamber ill oat rated ;
the Christiin's faith, and the Christian's none.
and the Christian's charity and these will en
dure when Ihe record obich we now make of our I
love and respect for the memory of our brother j
shall have mouldered to dust ; for hie sun went
down in such glory ot cloud and sky. as to pro
mise a lair uprising upon the morrow.
And so, my brothers, let ns live, that like
him, when we pass away, we may live long in
the memories of men, and forever in tbe recog
nition of God.
Ho.'e. (5. W. Benedict, who had been re
quested to be prexent and to say something
on the occasion, spoke briefly :
XE. BINIDICT't BX11AEEI.
Mr. Benedict said thit thouth he was
not one of Ihe Bar, yet at tb instance of some
of its members he would add a few words to
what bad been so well said by others. Few in
the room had known Mr. Foot as long at be had
Mr.Foot, during the years of lSHT-S. while a
lutor in tbe University ot Vermont, having
lived in bis family and thus they were brought
into familiar intercourse. The genial and manly
qualities so characteristic of .Mr. Foot in his
subsequent life were constantly seen at that
time. Though he then thought el teaching as
a permanent pursuit he soon Itid that intention
aside and entered upon tbe public career for
which he proved to be so peculiarly alipted.
both fjr honor and great usefulness. He was
not so remarkable in his popular addresses for
displays of uncommon brilliancy as some, yet
he waa always impressive afid influential rare
ly indulging in discourse at much length except
with careful preparation. At Washington, for
so many years the scene of bis labors, bis in
fluence was more exerted in fan iliai intercourse
than by tlabrate speeches yet occasionally he
discussed a subject in eztenso, and bis speeches
were intently listened to, and a1 ways regarded
as sound ard influential. Always indefatigable
in his public duties, always the man ol upright
ness and sound juJgment, always tbe thorough
gentleman, always the frank andn liable friend.
his influence for good was always great, n bo
ever said of Mr. Foot " His speech ia fair and
kind, but you cannot be quite aura as to what
his inner thought is, or where you will Sod him
next I" That was never said of him. The
people of his State had been justly proud of
him. and be was proud of the State which he
represented so long and well. Mr. B. alluded
to tbe reputation oi -Mr. root lor unimpeacnaDic
fairness, as shown in tbe fact that in the miny
scenes of high excitement in the Senate, within
tbe last tourteen years, he more than any other
had been called npon to preside over and direct
In closing. -Mr. iieneuict saw be concurred in
the sentiments of the resolutions, and in the re
marks so fitly and beautifully (made by those
who had spoken before him, and would add his
fullest testimony to their justness and truth.
Chief Justice PiERroiNT spoke briefly,
from tbc bench :
JUDGE riEBrOINT'S BESIABES.
He said he had known Mr. Foot long. Though
somewhat younger than Mr. Foot, he had come
to the bar before Mr. Foot did, and was on of
the committee to examine him for admission.
He well remembered that at that early day, Mr.
Foot waa evidently preparing himself for public
life, and was beginning to show the characteris
tics which fitted him lor distinction as a public
man. He felt then that if he lived he would
become distinguished, and that be had done so
all acknowledged. Bis success was owing to his
earnestness, intelligence, honesty and patriot
ism. He (Judge P.) concurred m the resolu
tions and remarks already offered. They were
true and it waa enough to be said of any man.
The Chief Justice closed by directing tbe
resolutions to be spread on tho records of f
ol tbc Court
A number of our citizens, in addition to
the members of tbe bar, filled the Court
room, and the occasion was one of deep and
The Civil IMghta 1)111 und tbe resident's
IN TUE SENATE. APRIL 4ll, 1SCC.
Tk. i v.: r-
AUG IbtW UllCCBLIC OeiULI IA&CU U It, ll .
Trumbull said :
5Ir. President: I fully share with the Pres
ident of tbe United States, tbe regret ex
pressed, tbat he is unable to sign the bill to
protect all persons in the United States in
their civil rights, and to furnish tbe means
of their vindication. I regret it on my own
account, because the just expectations raised
when this bill was presented to tbe Presi
dent, before its introduction into tbe Senate,
ha'c been disappointed. I regret it on tbe
President's account, because it is calculated
to alienate bim frsm those who elevated him
- ' to power, end who gladly tmo rallied around
ms administration to sustain una in
priuvipiea uiua wuilu uc m ucuicu , uuv
above all, sir, 1 regret it for liberty's sake,
, to secure which to ourselves and our nostcr-
j ity, this government was founded. But, if
a ' " nuns unconstitutional anu unjust io
I ii-iuiu C w awavwj uiw
I neither unjust to tbe whole, or any portion
of the people, nor
unconstitutional, 1 shall
endeavor to show by a candid and dispassion
The, president begins bis objections with
tbc very Outlines of tho bill, which declare
that all persona born in the United States,
and not subject to any foreign pewer, except
Indians cot taxed, are declared citizens ot
tbc United States. The bill, as originally
in i introduced, diJ not contain this provision.
It was believed by myself nnd many others,
that all native born person, since the aboli
tion of silvery, were citizens or the United
States. This nas the official opinion of Mr.
Bated, the Attorney General of Mr Lin
cola's adminis:ration,and the opinion adopted
by bis aduiini'traiion. and acted upou mce
by all tbo departments ot the executive gov
ernment, including the Secretary of State,
who has issued ptssports to persons of color.
recognizing tbcm as citizens, it was the
opinion expressed bj Mr. Marcv. when Sec
retary of State, that all persons born in the
United States were citizens of the United
States not referring of course, to slaves,
slavery at that time existiog in the country.
The President dots not object to this declar
tiun in the bill as unconstitutio. al lie
elocs, however, say that it does nut purport
to declare or cooler any other right of citi
zenship than federal citizenship. It does not
purport, he says, to give these clasee of
persons any status as citizens of States, ex
cept that which may result from their sta
tus as citizens of tbe united butc. the
power, he adds, to confer the right of State
citiz- iisbip is just as exclusively with the
several States as the power to declare the
right ot federal citizenship is with Congress.
But. is it true, sir, 'hat when a person be
coiner u citizen of tbc United States, that
he is not aim a citizen of the Slate where
I e way be residing? On this luiiit, I will
refer to a decision pronounced liy the Su
preme Court of the L'nitvd S atcs, delivered
by Chief Justice Marebal!, in the case ol
(usee, against Buflow, reported in tbeiixih
volume of IVtcr'a Report.-, the Chief Justue
in delivering the opinion ot the Court, ae:
"The defendant in error is alleged, in the
proceedings, to be a citizen of the United States,
naturalized in Louisiana, and residing there.
This an equivalent to an averment that he ia a
citizen of that State. A citizen of the United
States, residing in any State of the Union, is a
aitiren of that State."
This was the only point in tbc case. Un
less this authority is to be disregarded, tho
President of tbc United states is mistaken
in bis law. It is not true that when a man
is made a citizen of the United States ho is
not a citizen of every State.
The President next alleges that the
right of federal citizenship thua to be
conferredon the several excepted
races beforcmentioned, u now for the
first time proposed to be given by law. Now,
sir, this is a mistake, not of the law, bat a
misappri'bi-nsion of fact, and it will appear
by references to wbicli I shall call the atten
tion o: the Senate in a moment, that tbe
President's facta are as bad as his law. I
read from pugc 897, in Lawrence's Whcaton
on international law, and various statutes of
tbe tinted states on this subject.
Tnere have been in tbe United States
several cases ol collective naturalization by
tbc annexation of territories. By the third
article of the first convention ot April 30,
IsCO, with France, in the cession oi Louis- j
iana, it is provided mat tnc mnauitants ot
the ceded Territories to be incorporated into
the United States, should be admitted as
soon as possible, according to the federal
Constitution, to the enjoyment of the rights.
privileges and immunities of the citizens of
the United States.
A provision to tbe same effect is to be
found in the sixth aiticlc of tbo treaty with
Spain for tho purchase of Florida ; and by
the eighth article of the treaty of 1843 with
5Icxioo ; also by the annexation ot Texas,
under a resolution of Congress of .March,
1845, in its admis-ion into the Union on an
equal footing with tbc other States. "Col
kctitc naturalization," says the authority
from which I quote, "may also take place
in the caao of a class of person-,
rativc of the country orotberwi'e,
who, without any act on the part
of the individuals, may be made citizens.
In the United States it is incorrect to sup
pose tbat aliens, as opposed to citizens, im
plies foreigners ; as respects the country,
Indians are tbe subjects of tho United
States; but they are nut therefore citizens,
nor can they Ucomo citizens under the ex
isting naturalization law ; but tbey may b
made citizens by some competent act of tbo
general guvcrnment, by treaty, or other
wire."' By these various treaties, resolu
tions, nnd acts of Congress, it will be ob
served that Frenchmen, Spaniards, Mexi
cans, and IndUns, bate all been made
citizen of tbc United States ; some of the
very classes of persons spoken of in this
bill ; and yet the President tells us tbat this
right of federal citizenship, as if thero were
such a thing as federal citizcnsbip,as contra
distinguished from State citizenship, is now,
for the first time, proposed to be given by
law. If, says the President, as is claimed
by many pcrs jr.s, all who arc native born,
and arc already by virtue of tho Constitu
tion citizens of the United States, the pass
age ot the finding bill cannot be necessary
to make them such. Well now, that is here,
sir, but is the President to learn now, for
tbc first time, that principle to be found in
the very horn-books of tbe law, that an act
declaring what a law is, is one ot tbe moat
common acts passed by Legislative bodies?
That all native born persons, not subject to
foreign powers, are by virtue of tbeir birth
citizens of the United States, some
disputed ; hence, for greater ccrtainty.it
s proposed to pass this law. It is
now mado an objection to the passage of
this law, and a reason given by tho Presi
dent why ho cannot approve it, because it is
a declaratory act1
But if such is not the law, says tbe Pres
ident, a grave question presents itsell.
Whether, when eleven of tho thirty-six
Slates are unrepresented m Congress at tbo
present time, it is sound policy to make
our entire colored population, and all other
excepted classes, citizens of the United
States This is a standing objection, not
urged against all bills, for tho President
tells us in his message tbat be has signed
some of tbc bills that havo been presented
to him. But if there is anything in it, no
bill can toss tbe Congress of tbe United
Statss until these States are represented.
YVll air rhnn
lault is it it tbe eleven
Statc8 Bro not represented? And it tba
reason urged by the rretident is a goou one
now, it has been a good one for all time.
Within a few days tbe President bza issued
a pioelamation, not of peace, as tbo Senator
from Nevada (Mr. Stewart) seems to sup
pose by no means ; not a proclamation that
the rebellion is over, but that in certain
States it is over. Tbc President does not
tell us tbat Texas, one ot the States tbat
were in rebellion, is in a ixnditijn to be ic-
Tjrcstirted here. Sir, if we bad to wait for
tbe eleven Sates, must we not wait for
Texas? Tho same principle would require
us io wait lor Texas ; and she has not yet
i reorganized her State government And
. r ... ' .
i IWit v.li which hri rwmrnniw
those States which have reorganized, have
not yet been recognized as having a repub
lican form of government, entitling tbem to
representation. The leprcsentativcs they
have chosen from most of those Bute that
havo undertaken to reorganize, arc persons
fresh from the rebel Congress and lrom the
rebel army ; men wbo could not be admitted
here, could not take tbe requisite oath to
cntitlo them to tbeir teats. And are we to
i await and to abstain from all legislation of a
, general character? Sir,- these States can
. onlrbcTenrceented thrJugb' State organiza
t tion; All members cf tbia' body can only be
! elected by SUte legislatures. SIcmbcrs
tbe , of tbc other House can only bo elected in
pursuance 01 otate laws, liene, as prelim'
; inary to any representation in cither llou-
or Congress, it must bo determined whether
j there is a State government ; whether there
tnei , is a State legislature having authority
vide laws under which Reprcsentativca may
tie elected, incre was a time certainly whon
there were no sueh legislatures in any of the
eleven states, incrc nas a time when tni
only kind of government in any of them
was hostile to the United State?, when every
member in it had abjured hi allegiance U
the Lnilcd States, and sworn allegiance to
governme-nt hostile to this. Will anybody
pretend that while a State government was
in meir nanus ii was en.iucu to representa
tun in cither House of Con grcsa ? If not,
shall wc not inquire whether it has got ou
oi tnoae lianas into the lianas oi loyal men
Sir, this proposition that no bill is to be
passed because certain States are unnresent
ed. when it is their owa fault that they arc
unrepresented, would be utterly destructive
ol the government.
But i he President tells us timt tbe bill
in effect propones to discriminate againit
large numbers of intelligent, worthy and jkv
triotic foreigners, and in lavor of the negro.
Now, nr. is that true? What is the hill
Why. it declares tbat tnere shall be no dit
tinction in civil rights between any other
race or Color aud the white race It d
dares tbat there aha 1 1 be no different punish
ment inuteteei on a colored man, in conse
quence of his olor, to that which ia indict
ee! on a, white man for the f.imc oder.se. I
mat a discrimination m tavor ot the negro
nnd against the foreigner, iu a bill the only
object of which i to preserve equalitv of
rights? Perlupd the best answer tj the i in
jection that tU- ) II pr.jpoees to make citizons
of Chinese and Gipsiej, and thi reference t.
foreigner!,. i to ! found in a speech rieli
verod in thii body by a Senator, ueeupying.
I think, tl.e seat now occupied across the
chamber by my friend from Oreirm fMr,
Williamr), less than six years ago, in reply
to a veto message sent tojthis body by Mr. Bu-
cnunan, the then 1 resident ot tbe united
States, returning, with his objections, what
waa known as tbc Homestead bill.
Jlr. Sumner, ot M.W3. What Sen
ator was it? (Liughter,)
On that occasion, tbc Senator to whem I
allude sasd :
"Thia idea about poor foreigners, somehow or
other, appears to haunt Ihe imagination of a
great many. I am constrained to say (says tbe
Senator alluded to), that I look nnon this obiec-
t'wa to the bill as mere quibble on the part of
ine i resident, aad aa a proof jof his being hard
pressed for some excuse for withholding his ap
proval of the measure. His allusion to the for
eigners in this connection looks to me more like
ad eaptaadmn of the mere politician or dema
gogue, than a grave and sound reason to be of
fered by the President of the United States in a
veto messtge upon so important a Question as
the Homestead bill."
That is the language of Senator Andrew
Johnson It is, perhaps the beet answer.
though I should hardly have ventured to
nave usee! such harsh language in the pre
sence of the United States, as to accuse bim
of quibbling, and demagogiiing. and playing
the mere politician, in sending a veto mes
sage to the Congre-sof the United States.
The President, also, makes soaw other al
lusions in this bill of the sinie character;
fur instance : he spenks of tbe impropriety
of marriages between whites and blacks ; ho
then goes on to say . "1 don't eay that
this bill repeals State laws on the subject of
marriage." is ell, then, for what purpose
is it introduced in tbia bill ? Xot surely as
as an cd captandum argument to excite pre
judices, or as theurgumcnt of a demagogue
and politician. Tbe President further sayj :
"II it be granted that Congress can repeal
i all State laws discriminating between whites
j and blacks on the subjects covered by this
i bill, why, it may be rsked, may not Con
gress repeal in the same way all State laws
discriminating between the "two races on the
subjects ot suffrage and offico? If Congress
can declare by law who shall hold lands,
who shall testify, wbo shall have capacity to
make a contract in a State, then Congress
can also by law declare who, without re
gard to race or color, sbail bare the right to
sit as a juror or as a judge, to hold any office,
and finally, to vote in every State and terri
tory of the United States " Perhaps the
best answer tbe President could give to tbem
would be tbc answer of Andrew Johnson,
himself. He undertook to reorganize Sttte
governmcnta m the di'loyal States. When
be did so, to whom did he extend tbc right
of suffrage? To the blacks? Xo, sir. But
be extended the right of suffrage to thon)
authorized to vote under the laws of the
State before the rebellion. When urged to
allow the loyal blacks to vote, what was his
answer? That he had no power; that it
was unconstitutional. But he bad power to
protect them in their civil rights, and ho
did protect them in their civil rights II, then
it be true that protection in civil rights car
ries with it tbe right of suffrage, what be
comes of the position ho asjumid when be
extended civil rights to the nrgro all
through the South as I shall presently
show by orders issued by his authority, and
yet refused to give them the right of suffrage
on tbc ground that be had no constitutional
power to do it, tbat it waa a right vested in
the States, with which he could not inter
fere? But. sir, the grant of civil rights
does not, never did in this country cirry
with it political rights ; or. more properly
speaking, political privilege. A man may
be a citizen in tins country without the
right to vote, or without the right to hold
office. The right to vote and hold offico in
the States depeuds upon the Legislatures of
tbe various States. Tho right to hold office
under the federal government depends upon
tbo Constitution ot the United States. Wo
men arc citizens cuildren arc citizens ; but
they do not exercise the elective franchise
by virtue of their citizenship. Foreigners,
as is stated by the President in this mes
sage, before they arc naturalized, arc pro
tected in the rights enumerated in this bill
the right to contract, the right to sue, nnd
most of the rights I have enumerated.
Tbey do nut, because tbey possess these
lights tbe right to make a contract and to
hold land, which is the case in most if not
allol the States at preont--I say tbey do
not tbcrelorc vote.
5Ir Trumbull proceeded to refute, in de
tail, the President's objections to the various
sections of the bill. In conclusion ho said :
Mr President,! have now gone through this
veto message, replying with what potenco I
could command to its various objections to
the bill. Would that 1 could stop hcrc,tbat
there was no occasion to go further, but jus
tice to myself ; justice to the State whose
representative I am ; justice to the people of
the whole country, in legislating lor wiiooc
behalf I am calltd to participate, justice to
the Constitution I am called to support, jus
tice to the right of American citizenship it
secures, and to human liberty now imperil
ed requires mc to go farther. Gladly would
1 retrain lrom speaking ot tne spirit ot mis
message, of the dangerous doctrines it pro
mulgates, of the inconsistencies and contra
dictions of its author, of his encroachments
upon tbe constitutional rights of Congress,
ot his assumption oi unwarranted powers,
which if persevered in and not checked by tbc
people, must eventually lead to a subversion
of the gOTcrniuent and the destruction of
liberty. Congress, in the paasige of tho
bill under consideration, sought no con
troversy with tbe President. So far from it,
tbo bill was proposed with a view to carry
out what men supposed to be the views ot
thi President, and was submitted to bim be
fore its introduction into the Senate. I am i
not about to relate privato declarations of Apply tbe language to tbc facts connected
the President ; but it is right that the Amcr- with this bill, and then say who has violated
ican people should know tbat tbe controver- the spirit of the Constitution? This bill in
y which exists between bim and Congress no manner interferes with the municipal re
in reference to this measure is of his own gulations of any State, but protects all .
seeking. Soon after Congress met it became ' alike in their rigfits of person and property,
apparent that there was a difference or opin- It could have no operation in Massachusetts,
Ion between the President and some mem- Kew York, Illinois, or most of the States a
bers of Congress, in regard to the condition the Union. How preposterous, then, ut
of the rebellious States and the rights to be
secured to frecilmen. There were some mem
bers of Congress who expressed the opinion
that, in the reorganization ol the rebclliuua
Sut'8, ihe right of suffrage elionld be ex
tended to Ihe colored man. Thtmgh, tl u
was not the prevailing sentimeut of t.ngrcs,
all were anxioui for a reorganization of the
rebellious Stnte,nnd for their full participa
tion in tho federal government, a .won as
theo relations could he restored with safety
to all concerned. Feeling the importance o'f
harmonioei acticn between tho differmt de
partment of the government, and an anx
ious desire to sustain the Preside nt, f.,r
whom I had always entertained t'-.e f.ig'.ist
respect. I had frequent interview with him
during the early pvrl of the session With
out mentioning anything said by him, I may
with perfect mfety state that, acting upon
the considcratnms I bare Hated, ami believ
ing that the paga ,.f n Uw hy Con -re-
securing equality in civil right', when de
nied hy State utreiriie.to n-ecdm?n an 1 all
other inhabitants of thv United
da much to relieve anxiety in tbe North. ti
induce the S-uithern St lies to eeure thceo
rights by their own arti-m. and thereby re
move many of the obstacles to au early re-
ounxtruction, I prepared the bill substan-
twl.y as it now returns witu the IW'.m'.
objections. After the bill w is introdaccd
and printed, r cipy was furnihtd him, and
at a suh-tquent periuxl, when it wa, rep ,ri
ed hat he who hint iling about signing the
rreettmcn llurcaii hill, fv. was inform, i! .,1
tho CMnditijn of the Cm! Right-) bill, then
pending in the House, and a hope expro.-sed
tlut.il b had any o!n'Ction to any of itn
j ruviMns, he Would make them knomiij
it-t irieiu. ituil they might ho re.uH.iiel.it
not destructive or the mem j re ; n,ai ihrre
if- believed t.i he no di-riiti.n.i, r.. t..ri
l C-iifgress. and ceruiniy none on m? jrt.
to nave InHs !e-eiiied to him wmci he
would not appniw. Ha uevtr indicated to
me, nor. -i Ur as I know, tu mi i ...
rirnd. the least objection Ui any oi ihe pi ,.
viM.in.- nf the hill till alter its pawi -e. II, w
eoukl l.o auni'!ently with himself? The
bill was framed, as ww supiMnd, in et.iire
lrm..:iv with hi? view, und e rtainly m
hnruvKiy with what Im was then, and . us
since been djiiig, in protecting frev-dm-n m
the civil rig'ite belonging to every Irei m .n
the liirtnr glit ot . very Atuencm. and eare-
uily avoided conf rnng or mterferin ' with
p itical rig.its or privileges of any kind
The till neither coolers nor abridge t,
rights of any one, hut simply devlnres t. at
in civil rights, there shall bo an equality
among all clztsei of citizens, and ir.at ml
like shall be subject to same punubment m
wch State. So locg as a state does not
abridge the great fundamental rights belong
ing, under the Constitution, to all citizens,
it may grant or withhold such civil rights as
it pleases. All that is required is that, in
this rcapeet, its law shall be impartial.
And yet this bill is now returned with tto
'resident's ohjectiund and such obieetinn I
What are they ? That in all our hi-itnrv
all our experience as a jeiple, living under
federal and State law, no such ytcin as
that contemplated by tbc details of thi. hill
has ever been propoacd or adopted. Have I
not already shown, in tho action of the Pres
ident himself, through General Sicklea. dp.
daring that all laws shall be applicable alike
to all inhabitants, and in various acts of
Congress, a precedent for every provi.ion of
.l.r.l.:ll- ..11.' 1 . , f .
uiisoiii: -Luc ueiaus oi I no Dill, 'says
the President, "establish for tbo security ot
the colored rac:, safe-guards which go infi
nitely beyond any that tbe general govern
ment has ever pn-vided for the white race."
With what truth this can be said of a bill
which declares that t.'.e civil rights and the
punishment ot all races, including, of course
the colored the tame a-) those of tbe whites,
let an intelligent public judge! "The
details," says the President, "interfere with
the municipal legislation or tho Stales, with
the relations cxiiting exclusively lietwtcn a
State and its citizens, or between inhabitants
Ot the same State an ahwrption and a-sump-tion
of power by the general government,
which if acquiesced in, must sap and destroy
our federal system of limited powers, and
break do an the barriers which preserve
the rights of the States. It it another
step, or rather stride towards ccntralizition
and the concentration ol all legislative pow
ers in tbe national government." All this
is said by a President, who, by hit own fiat
issued through General Howard set aside
an act of the. Legislature oi .Mississippi, and
by another order, through General Terry,
an act of the Virginia legislature, and for
bade any magistrate or civil officers from
attempting to execute it; who, through
General Canhy, ordered the State courtsln
his depirtment to suspend all suits against
persons charged with offences for which
white persons were nut punished ; and we
all know the penalty which would Lave been
visited upon SUt judges or officials for vio
lations ot any of theso orders. A president
wbo, after vetoing a provision of the Freed
men's Bureau Bill hecauso it secured posses
sion to the occupants of land under 5Iajor
General Sherman's order, for tho limited
period of three years, himself issued an or
der within less than thirty dajs afterwards,
through H. W. Smith, Assistant Adjutant
General, declaring that grants of land to the
freed people in conpliance wilhGencral Sher
man's ejtfcial field order Xo. 15, dated Jan
uary 10, 1805, will be regarded as good and
valid. Well may we exclaim, in view of
the acts of the President, in his language
when discussing the veto of President Buch
anan, "On, consistency thou art a jcwell !"
In view of these facts, who is it that is
breaking down the barriers ot the States and
making strides toward centralization? Is it
Congress by the passing of this bill or the
President who without Uw is arrogating to
himself far greater powers than any confer
red by this bill? Ihe President is required,
ia carrying out his powers, to act in obcdi
enco to law, the very thing which he refuses
to do. He says the tendency of this bill
must be to resuscitate tbe spirit of the rebel
lion. What assumption in one wbo denies
tbe authority to punish those who violate
United States laws under color of State au
thoritya doctrine from which the rebellion
sprung and in entire harmony with the de
claration of 5!r Buchanan, that thcro was
uo power to coerce a State.
But, sir, from out the mouth of Senator
Andrew Johnson I will prove that President
Andrew Johnson has violated the spirit of
tbc Constitution, if cot tho letter, in veto
ing this bill. It will be remembered that
the bill jas-ed both Houses of Congress by
mure than a two-thirds majority, the voto
in the Senate being, ayes 33, to nays 12 ; in
the House, ayes ill, nays 3S. 1 will read
from the remarks of Senator Andrew John
son on the veto of the Homstcad bill by Jlr.
"The President of the United States pre
sumes, yes, sir, I say presumes to dictate 'o the
American people and to tbe two Houses of Con
gress, in violation of the spirit if not the letter
of the Constitution, that this measure shall not
become a law. Why do I say thia ? I ask, ia
there any difference in the spirit cf Ihe Consti
tution, whether a measure is sanctioned by a
two-thirds vote before its pasaage or atterward
When a measure has been vetoed by the Presi?
dent, the Constitution requires that it shall be
rcconaiderod and passed by a two-thirds vote,
in order to become a law. But here in the
teeth of the Executive, there was a two-thirds
vote in favor of this bill. The vote was thirty
six to two in thia body The two Houses have
said that this measure is C natitntional and
right. In the other House, reflecting the popu
lar sentiment of the cation, the vote was one
I hundred and twelve to fifty-one, ten more than
, two-thirds majority, which the Constitution re
quires. And when there is a two-thirds vote
I for a measare, I say it la against the spirit of
1 the Constitution for the Executive to say : 'No;
! you shall not have this measure. I will Uke
all the chances of vetoing it.' "