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title: 'Burlington weekly free press. (Burlington, Vt.) 1866-1928, May 25, 1866, Image 2',
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. THE BURLINGTON, VT. FREE PRESS FRIDAY MORNING-, MAY Q5 1866.
CEO. W.-fc C. C.BE.NEDICT.
FRIDAT MOBNINO MAT 25. 1ECC.
THE WEEKLT FREE 1'RESS.
Toe Bsbusctox Wizelt Farx raissls r"P
lULcd every Fridaj morning, and contains Uie
atcstsews; reports crBotton markets ana Cam
bridge Cattle Slarlet ; full Bute, County and local
intellljence -, well f elected Miscellany. ie
No care and outlay will be tpareJ to maic it a re
liable, interesting and valuable family jMrcal.
The cireaUtlon of the Fbee Tatss exceeds that
oranr paper la the region, and It if, therefore, an
unrivalled medium for adrertiiere.
We desue to Rive additional attention to tbo -anfirGrthe
various towns in this and adjoining
Counties, In which our WeeMy has a numerous cir
culation, and thall esteem It a faTor if oar readers
will fcrward ui any Hems orinttreft.
Trims oftoe TVejklt Fata rarss per jcar fS
In advance, and if not strictly lnwlvance, JJ.SO.
Representation and il! llatj-.
Tlie New York Timet conceding the pro
priety of some charge in the tons of repre
sentation, in view of the fact that every
hundred of thoee who while slaves were reck
oned but as siitu, in the apportionment of
members ot the House or Representative
must henceforth, as frccdinen. lie reckoned
as a hundred thus, though debarred fruro
voting, adding largely to the number of
Southern representatives ask, "Bat how
shall the change be made?" and it ant were;
Clearly it can only be done by aowndinc the
Constitution; first, by the action of tu-o-ikirdi
of each House of Congress, and next by the as
sent of three-fourths of the Stat. ?. The action
of Congress is easily secured. How thall the
attenl of the Stairs be secured T Thaddeus
Stev n, and tboe who fellow biui, say by forct;
by excluding the Southern States from represen
tation until they yield their content. We do
not. (1) because we have no right, under the
Constitution, to enforce any such terms asaeon
dition of representa ion; (2) because tbc at
tempt would fail, and involve the country in re
newed commotion, if not in revolution: and (3)
because, if successful, it would cot contribute
to the peace, concord and prosperity of the ca
tion. The assent of the States must be secured
by othr means. It must be a willing, not an
enforced, assent. AVe ask the Southern Slates
to surrender a share of political poircr. Vic
must offer thtin something as an inducement
something which thev will recognize as an cquiv
ales something from which they can derive
advantage, material or moral, in some degree
commensurate with the sacrifice they are re
quired to make."
Letting pass the allusion to Mr. Stevens,
who is able to take care of himself, and to
the majority in Congress, who are regularly
classed by the Times as Mr. Stevens" "fol
lowers," though acting on their own convic
tions of duty and in conformity to the views
of the great mass of their constituents, wo
say that the Times'1 first "because" implies
that there was no gwti in the act ol rebel
lion, nothing punishable, nothing more than
a blunder, on the part or anybody
that the States, great and powerful political
communities constituted as portions of the
nation, every officer of which is hound by
solemn oath to uphold the authority of the
nation, may at their jleasurc apply their or
ganic rower to break down the nation by
force and arms, and wage fierce war against
it for years, and when by the greater power
of the nation they are overpowered, the
national authority has no nzht to demand
of these States any modification or their
State organizations, as a safeguard against
future acts ol the same sort. Now, to this
every fair minded, clearheaded and patriot
ic man says : 'That conclusion is so palpa
bly against the natural sense of right and
wrong, the natural instinct of man as to the
power of a national government, that it
must be tri-ony.' You may tell him as often
as you please that the States arc either out
of the Onion, or in it ; ll oufwc Lave noth
ing to do with them in any way, except to
mike treaties with them; if in the Union.we
cjpnot demand anything or them note which
you could not have demanded, if they bad
never made war on the Government ; he
will reply "I may not be able to chop logic
about the matter with you, but iuv con
science tells mc not to believe in your con
clusions. The common sense of the race is
against it, and the practice of tbc world lias
always teen against it, and of necessity it
must be against it. Governments can never
exist with any permanence on such a basis I
as yju advocate."
As to the Times'' second because, wc have
only to say that the natural effect of Mich
an assertion is to stimulate the late rebels to
continue in a rebellious state of mind, to
encourage them to standout against the
rightful National authority, and to make
matters worse instead or better. It is in
perfect harmoay with the continuous ding
dong "you can never conquer tlie South"
which the copperheads or tbc North Kept
up during the war, to the great encourage
ment or the rebels. Nor is there any more
rational ground for this assertion oi the
Times which it repeats from day to day.tban
there was for that of the rebel sympathisers
during the war.
The Times third because, is no better than
the others. It is in substance but an am
plification of them, with a billot particulars.
Wc can't demand anything of the late reb
els, cither because of their pant atrocious
wrong doing or by way of tecority ngninst
future wrongs of the sort, or against their
accomplishing their nefarious ends by dif
ferent means ! 'Ihcir assent must be a
eilling one civen because you fay them well
for it, in something which will suit them
quite as well as what they have to give up !
Was there ever any greater absurdity ? As
well might it be f aid "you cannot punish an
individual fur any great injury done by him
to his neighbor or to society at large, nor
demand ol him security against a repetition
of his villainy, without tie will comply
willingly! You must pay him what he is
willing to accept for the fine you im6sc !"
A pretty way that would be to make him a
good member of society for time to come !
The Timej says it "will not stop now to
consider or suggest what that equivalent
may be." But if the temper of the public
mind would permit the discussion oi the
subject from this point of view, it lias
no doubt there would be very little difficul
ty " in devising measures upon which tlie
President, Congress and both sections of our
common country could cordially unite."
We can tell the Time what would satisfy
the South on that point. Just let it be con
ceded that there was no trroncr in coins into
.!.- . ;,fi. -C in !,
. tire newer which the Slave States and t! I
r c.f. mnilmpl Jnin ih.r fVM W
th.t St.nte.as such, cannot be coerced under i
anv circumstances that inasmuch as the
Senators from the Southern States lately in
rebellion shall be allowed at onco to take .
tbeir scats in Congress just as tbey could
have done if there btd been no rebellion;
and furthermore, that if after that is dono
ere is any change agreed upon for tbe a).
tcration oi the basis of representation, it
shall bo such as to insure for time to come
the substantial control or the National poli
cy, lorcign and domestic, to the aristocratic
class at the South, as they bad it up to the
admission of California as a Free State, and
there will be "no very great difficulty" in
settling the basis of representation, and all
other matters of detail, as they shall present
But if it will hardly do to oficr to the
Southern States such conditions of re-ad
mission as they please, how will it do to
insist on such terms, as plraFC the otlier
party, and to wake them such as will injure
the ascendancy of true republican principles
for all tiem to come?
The Senatorial Question.
Hon. Justin S. Merrill, for nearly twelve
years, has been a memlcr of the House of Rep
resentatives, and is a gentleman l wraith, pro
bity, intelligence and ability, wbese industrious
application to, and aptitude lor. the study cf all
subjects connected with Tariff and kindred mat
ters of legislation, have given him a deservedly
high reputation, loth in and out of Congrcs..
Now. in spite of all this, which we freely con
cede, wc are not ready to admit that for years
Mr. Morrill has been talked of as the fitted man
for Judge Colhmer's suecescr in the Senate,
nor do wc agtec with cur neighbor that there
would hive been no contest but for "fortuitous
circumstances." .'ublic opinion in Vermont
has been for years divided between the merits
of Judge Poland and Mr. Mxrrill for the p'ace
of United States Senator. Tbc eminence cf
Judge Poland as a jurist, the common scus.
comprehensiveness of his intellect on all subjects
that command his juJgmeut. his large personal
dignity, and self possession, have lone designa
te! him as a fit successor to Judge Collamer,
His course in Congress thus fir has more than
justified the high estimate and confidence of his
host of friends and admirers iu our State, and
he will not come up lforc the Legislature an
untried men. For the position which he seek-,
Mr. Morrill wilt ba the unlritl man, for the
questiots which naturally oio up before the h.
S. Senate tor consideration are not thece directly
connected with the specialty in legislatum cf
which Mr. Morrill ia the able expounder.
Judge Poland aiming at Mr. Morrill's leader
ship of the House would be an untried man,
but Judge Poland aspiring to the Senatorshlp is
in every rerpect the peer of Mr. Morrill, and is
fitted by naturil sod acquired ability, by char
acter and temperament for the position. Judge
Poland's friends mean to k. him where be is
if possible, and the personal worth and eijlnjsnt
aUIity of tlie two candidates will doubtless
make the coutcst a close and interesting one.
That there shouU be several candidates for such
a position is net rema.-ible, and the contest
has no foundation in any ehev feeling than the
natural diCercuce of opinion mwxlj; the su
perior fitness cf one candidate oyer another. It
need net then develop any bitterness in the dis
cussion ard agitation which wilt natsrally ensue
between now and the meeting of the Legislature,
and m view of the high character, ability and
public services cf Julge Poland and Mr. Mor
rill, It onght not Wc appreciate the hew
which Vcrm-ct enjoys in Mr. Morrill s leader
thin in the House, hut while wc would not lose
it.t lmnmr we are still mce reluctant to lose
Judge Poland lrom the U. S. Kenite, where to
day he also in a uiiiercni pronuw: um.
nils lienor for the Green Mountain State
Darlington Timet, 21.
The Fee Press has not denied that some
persons may have talked ol Judge Poland as
the fittest man for Mr. Collamcr's successor,
tu r do wc sec bow the Times can deny that
many persons have long talked ol Mr. Mor
rill a the fittest man for that place. The
editor of the limes, as wchave been inform
ed, held that opinion prcyious to Mr. Po
land's appoint mcnt. Wc remain fully
of our opinion that were Judge Poland still
occupying tlie place he has ably and accept
ably filled on tbo bench or the Supreme
Court, ihere would be no ooatest worthy the
name over the Senatorship on the East side
of the mountain. The Legislature under
nMi rrmnftances would with substantial
unanimity, as we behove, choose to retain
Judge Poland on the bench, and send Mr.
Morrill to the Senate. The circunwtanccs
which have taken Judge Poland from the
Chiel-Justiceship and made it necessary to
fill bis place on the bench, have altered to
some extent the relations of tlie case, and
have made a question where there was little
nr none liefore. But that the final result
can be thereby altered, wc do not believe
Tim limes curiously conceives that the
eiucstions which now mainly occupy Mt
Morrill's attention as Chairman of the Ways
and Means, do cot come before the Senate,
Has the Senate nothing to do with questions
of finance and revenue ? Doe tLc Times
suppose that the tax bill w ill not pw from
the House to the Senate ? Mr. Morrill is
an influential member ol the Joint Commit
tec on Reconstruction is Iteconstructton oe
eunvin!? no shato of the attention of the
Senate? The idea that Mr. Mornil'; expc
rience in one branch of the National Legis
lature will not avail him in the other, or that
lie would in any sense go into the Senate an
"untriid man," seems to us absurd in the
cxtrime. lie is already well known and in
fluential in the Senate Cbamlier is oftencr
called thither for consultation, pio'oably,
than any other member of the Mouse ; and
anv new Senator might well be glad if in
years of continuous service, he cotild reach
the ;.osition of influence and power in the
S--natc whieh Mr Morrill will naturally and
ensiiv occunv on his first entrance as a
There aro otber points suggested by the
remark of tbc Times which wc may allude
to another day. Meanwhile wc fully concur
in its remark that there mod not and ought
not to le any personal bitterness in the dh
cueFious concerning Senatorial candidates
whiali must inevitably occupy tlie joplc of
the State, and the Legislature on its as-
The Tijite ami tuk Senatobial Qiistick
The Times fays the question comes up,
whether or no .Mr. Morrill thall throw up,
unasked, his place in the House, to "thrust
Judge Poland from the Senate " As to
that, we have to say, that there is seme lim
it to the- claim which their constituents have
on public men. In this case, Mr. Morrill
Las twice, against his rcuonal wishes, liecn
returned to C'ongrw s He proposes soon to
take relief from the most laborious and re
sponsible dutii-g of hi position in the House
He has a jcrfeet right under the circumstan
ces to decline to 1 c a candidate, and it is un
derstood 1 c doos so decline. He has at hast
the seme right to throw up his place in the
Houfc that Judge Poland had to throw up
his place on the Icnch, which, as all know,
he mght Love rrtaintd indefinitely had he
not desired the appointment as Senator,
When the Legislature meets, Mr. Morrill'
successor in the Second District will have
been elected, and the question will be wheth
er Vermont is ready entirely to dispense with
bis (Mr. Morrills) most valuable experience
and ability as a legislator. We are of the
opinion that if-the eiucstion is which eliall
be laid on tc sbtlf. the People of Vermont
Kill decide that it shall not lie Mr. MornlL
To P " lt as an "ousting1
and "thrusting" of Judjie Poland fiom the
Senate, an if the seat belonged fohimin
perpetuity, is ridiculoun. Wo recognize no
personal claims of any man on ecch office of
honor and trust. The people bare a right
to the best man, if tbey can get bim, and
that Is all wc desire for tbem. If Judge
Poland shall demonstrate bit superior fitness,
as the Time j believes he will, there need be
no fear that tbc fact will bo unknown, or
disregarded at home.
As the case stands at present, Mr. Morrill
has established his position as one of the
"foremost and leading men" in the National
Legislature, and what is more, as a true,
pure, honest and incorruptible public ser
vant and laithful representative or Vermont
Republicanism. When Jndge Poland shall
have secured an equal or superior position,
he will find, wc think, that the People of
Vermont arc not slow to recognize such mer
it, or to properly reward it.
Hi n. Stannard lor Congress.
There having been lome duub: whether
the rc-insfatcmcnt ol General Stannard in
his position in the Army, would not occa
sion the withdrawal of his name in connec
tion with the nomination for Cocgrcss in
this District, wc are authorized to say that
the General's temporary retention in the
army will make no difieicnec with his action
in that respect. Grateful for past honors
and tokens of esteem from hit brother Ver
montor., and modestly clainnn rothing on
the ground of p rMcal desert, the fjcncral
will gratefully accept such a further n,aik
of confidence and rispect. if the citizens of
the District choose to tender it to him. Wc
trust that the (iencral'H friends throughout
the district will note the loct, ui.il tec to it
(hat llis jircfcrences of the people find due
expression at lue yenrcntiun.
Ocv. SrAXXAnn. The General dc;eres wel
of the people nhoie willing sacrifice he has
been. Wc notice that the llurlinstcn Fsce
Pcess favors his nomination to Congnr.
Certainly Vermont ought in some substantial
nianntr Iu rci;aije and reward his valuable
services in the lieki, and ti mrjcb as possible
make good the loss of that rightartx.
J says the Orleans Independent Standard,
and thu eprt'fwe: but the common senti
ment. Gen. Stanxarp will piakp as. pic,
faithful and tsiidhlc a Representative of
Vermont on the floor of Congrcs, as he haa
been a faithlul and capable representative of
Green Mountain pluck and spirit on many a
hard fuh cld and in many a trying and
responsible ost. jle viil ; i? to tie to'
("Z R K AT KIIIK IX Ni:V YORK.
TIIC ACADEMY OF MUSIC BURNED.
Several Other Hiilldjn-. ;;p.rocd.
LOSS Ejn'KIJAL- MILLION DOLLARS.
On Monday night about niulnlhf a rc
broke out in the New York Academy of
Music in Fourteenth street, and before it
could be subdued the whole block was des
troyed. The smoke ws tint nstiseu cs the north
side of the building, near the Irving Plao
entrance. Owing to the dense volume of
smoke, which soon filled the interior of the
building, the firemen had great difficulty in
locating the exact spot where the- lire was
burning. It was supposed that the great
maso ol fire was under the floor of tbc stage.
Streams of water vers at once directed
throughout the building, but without efTcct,
as tbc flames gained ;o rapidly that the fire
men were driven from the interior of tbc
Academy, and it is feared that several of the
firemen were unable to extricate themselves,
and arc burled under tbc ruins. Tbc flames
then spread so rapidly lha in a few moments
the whole of tbc interior wa. scss ot
flames. It was found that it would be im
possible to save tbc building. The attcn
lion of the firemen was then directed to
saving the adjoining property. The medical
ccllego on Fourteenth street, immediately
adjoining the Opens House, was on fire on
tbc root, and efforts to cave this building
proved futile The piano factory of lhne .t
Son, adjoining these, took fire on the roof,
and In a minutes flames were seen cush
ing out of all the windows. The flames
then communicated to the restaurant on the
northnest corner of Third avenue and four
teenth street, and to seven building on
Third avenue, which were nearly all des
troyed. All the dyicUing bouses on East Fifteenth
street, with their cop ten U, were almost en
orccstcr & Co.' piano forte tator e,n
the corner of 1 1th St. and 3d Avenue took
fire, but was not very much injured.
AH of the wardrobe Ulongmg to the stock
holder, cl Jhe Academy, and valued at $ 100
000 was destroyed, ns was also that of Mr.
Grau's company, valued ?t 25,000. A
great portion ol Marctzek's wardrolu trai al
so in the building at the time and was total
Palmer & Co., lost In pwturv and other
property over 10,000.
Dr. Valentine Mutt's valuable anatomical
collection was destroyed in tl.c medical uni
versity, loss $20,000 The loss of the St.
James Lutheran Church was $C0,000, par
tially insured j Joss of Col. Fiazcr, restau
rant kcejr, $18,fliM, no in-urancc ; loss of
the Worcester Factory, wlTich yas not great
ly damaged, is covered by insurance, and ,n
suranec on the other buildings will rcdutc
the total loss, it is thought, to 1,000.000.
Two firemen, it is supposed, were burned
in tlie Academy, and another barely escaped
with his lite. A eteam fire engine was also
destroyed. The heat was so intense, that
tucliremcn could not approach the building
on one side, and all cllorts to save it were
Tlierc had been an opera performance that
evening, but it bad closed, and the building
was empty w lien the tire broke out. li liat
occasioned the conflagration U not yet after
Grace Chaicl, the Hipiothc4trun and
other buildings on the opposite side of Four
teenth St., were repeatedly on fire, but wcro
saved from final destruction by the efforts of
Tue New Excland and tue Vibhom-
State Acbicvjltchal Fairs. Wc learn from
the Boston Journal ttist the officers of the
New England and Vermont State Agricultu
ral Societies held a meeting at Bellows Falls
on Thursday, and that it was voted to hold
the annual fair or the New England Society
at Brattlcboro', September 4th, 5th, Cth
and 7th. in connection with tbc Vermont
State Society. The latter had decided to
hold its annual fair at Brattlcboro one week
later, but the fair of the New York State
Society at Saratoga occurring at tbc same
time it was deemed best to change the time
and hold it in connection with the New
England Society. Tbc show grounds, which
are to be situated one mile South of the vil
lagc arc now being fitted up, Tncy arc
large and plcasantli situated two hundred
feet above the river, end are supplied
with an abundance or running water.
Hi.nesdcegii Woolek Mill. This factory,
wc learn, has recently been enlarged and im
proved, new and excellent machinery added,
and ie prepared to do custom work in tho
best manner. Those who baye been accus
tomed to send their wool tberc will need lit
tle nrging to continue tbeir patronage ;
those who have not, will do well to call on
Messrs. Pow &. Botmon, and see what nice
oassimcres and flannels Jhcy manufacture.
Aid jor the Fbeidhen. The Auxiliary
Society of the American Irccdmcnsand 1
Union Commission, recently organized in
Burlington, propose to raise funds to sustain
two icaahf rs araoug the Freedmen at the
South, and the Collectors, IIJjs Carrie
Vilas for the Nartb Ward, Mrs.,. A. Soecd
for the Centre Ward, and Mrs. Dr. L. as
Marsh for tbe South Ward, will soon call j
on our citizen for their contributions. Wc
bespeak for them a hearty and generous re
ception. The duty of raising the lowly and
succoring the distressed, is in this case a
double duty. This people cannot shuffle off
the obligation to educate and fit for freedom
the blacks, to whom tbo war and its results
have given the boon of liberty. Wc must
do our share here in Burlington. Our citi
zens will, wc trust, revive these Collectors", j
not as beggars, but as those who do a favor
to the ones they cill on, by taking the trouble
to collect their charities ; will be prepared to
put down their contributions promptly, and
not put the ladies to the labor of calling
twice for tbc sums they arc to receive for
this worthy object.
The Burlington correspondent ol the Brat
tleboro Rciord writes as follows, of certain
matters of local interest :
The removal of Mr. Roberts has caused consi
derable talk and seems to be very little under
stood. Mr. Roberts has been an energetic, faith
ful officer and has performed his duties to the
entire satisf-iction of the Treasury- Department.
Why then his removal .' It is said, (I am not
one of those who say it,) that he interfered
somewhat nitb Collector Clapp's plans for
catching smuggled goods and letting the smug
glers go free. Also that he made several
changes in the programpe which did not tuif
Mr. Clapp and hence his removal. A clerk
from the Treasury Department was here oat
long ago " to look over affairs in the Custom
House Department of Vermont." He was shown
over ihettateby Collector Clapp and went
away very well satisfied, as he ought. The idea
cf sending " a clerk " to look over any business
which has at its head a man with more brains
than the whole clerical fuice of the Treasury De
partment, is rather rich. If everything was as
corrupt a3 it used io be in emocratic times, it
is the best joke of the season to suppoje t par
tially informed clerk could be able to see liny,
thing oat of the way, while the eagle eyed
Clapp was about. I am certain that the com
pliment paid by the clerk to Collector Clapp was
fully deserved, Lvt I don't biliere he kneic
trhetler it mil or trat not. Tn.vxr.
We suppose tno nbovs U meant to I com.
plimtntary to the Collector.
Tjie Memphis Riots. A correspondent ol
the Memphis- PmIj Post, who sins himself
an " Kj-Confodcratc Officer," make the ful
luwmg statements :
" I, too, can testily that there was no preme
ditated outbreak among the colored people cf
this city. The feud, as stated, as entirely be
't waen the police, Irish and a few negro soldiers
-cau3c1, Vnuuabtediy, bf (J.e inhucan and
brutal treatment of the police npoo" negroes
whenever thev had eause to arrest one. I my
self have teen a gang of police arrest a negro for
tome trivial offense, and instead of quietly
marching him off to the station house, first fill
upon him with tbeir clubs and beat him sense
less, and Cea threw him upon a dray and haul
him off. The fact otrnct be acnicu tl.at the to-
lice led the mob, and they were backed up by
drunken Irish. Mott of the negroes killed were
quietly dipcieu. TLey yere fired upon in
yard;, and even houses cf ci'iteni' were entered
and negroes dragged .out and shot down while
begging for thtlr lives! I taw an Irishman kick
the body of a wounded, dying negro, and then
sheet him in the breast again. ' Brave man
was he." Such men, during the late war. made
good guerrilla not brave enough to co to the
front, but skulked In the bush to ahoot friend or
foe, and then rob the corpe. I cannot use Ian
guaze vtron; enough to denounce such brutah
ty, and I think it 1 high time for every good
citizen ta tpeaic out, no matter wbat bis politic
or tentimenis may oe.
U'ru. Kettles, who won the pri.cior rapid
and accurate telegraphing the other day, ha
been ' at it ' again, and on Thursday beat
Mr. Gentry of New York, sending 500 word
in Ji minutes and 25 6ecoi ds, averaging 4
words per minute, ilr. gentry averaged
3.J words per minute. 'Wis Boston Jonrrta
i '(he execution of both was fir superior to
that of the lormer kOcsskhi, )lr. Kettles especi
ally duplicating bis writtrn figures by the cor
responding numerals anu inserting ine penou:
in the proper places, but omitting other punetu
ation marks, while Mr. Gentry neither dnpli-
cated bis numbers nor did be punctuate at all.
Mr. Kettles therefore still remains the cbam
j ton, a tjtle whieh he well and easily obtained
at the first, ami most i,riljianlly retained at the
Mr. i. II. Burns of Worcester baa anahenged
.Mr. Kettles to a trial ot2oU words at an early
day, and much interest is manitrstel n the
contest, Mr Burns having a wkle-snreaJ repu
tation among telegraphers as a speedy and skill
lit. Rev. Geo. ISurgt', li.shop of l he Dio
cese of Maine died reeentlyon hU way home
from the West Indies. He had been Bishop
for nearly 20 jears and wis a man of great
(Quebec in the Epi-copal denomination.
H. II. Powers pf Morrisville, has bee
elected director of the lamoille Co. National
Bink, l ice Horace Powers resigned.
M. B. Goodwin, for mcny years uperatur
of the American Teh-graph Company n!
Manchester, indeed c-v,er since the Troy k
Canada Telegraph line was built twenty
years ago, has resigned from ill health.
Ucn Htaarrsrd vv in New York on
Monday, and sailed, that day, lor crope
in ccnitany with John Van llaicn, in the
On tlie 2-Jth ultimo, Hon Charles L Aus
tin. an American, died in the city of Mexi-
o, where he had gone for his health. He
was born in Orwell, Vt., in 1614. Ho held
several public positions and was highly inti
mate with Mr, SewarJ, f'ctcr Cuggcr, Thur-
Ijw Weed and many eminent p litician.
President Johnson lias ordered the arrest
or Col. E. Whittlesey, on charges or mal
administratton of the Frcedmen's Bureau in
Thp Senate on Friday, confirmed the ap
pointment or Col. A. P. JJlunt, A. Q. M.,of
Vermont, among othcii:, as Brigadier Gen
cral by brevet. Colonel Blunt is still in
charge of tho imjortant Q. M. Department
or the post at Fortress Sionroc.
An order from Maj. Gen. Wood, command
ing the Department of Alabama, says that
Scmmcs, the pirate, will not be permitted to
bold or exercise any civil or political office,
long as he remains unpardoned. Scmmcs
wos lately cltctcd Judge of Probate in Mo
bile, but the above order intcrlcres with the
General Peter Ostcrbius has been nomin
ated as Consul to Lyons, France He served
in Missouri under Fremont, and in the
Southwest under Grant and Sherman.
Bishop Lay, of Arkansas, has been elected
by the Ej iscopal Convention successor to
Mason, tho rebel, of Trent notoriety, is
staying at the St. Lawrence Hall in Mon
treal. The St. Albans Messenger shows an intim
ate acquaintance with Vermont soldiers, by
stating that no such Colonel as A. P. Blunt
was ever known in this State. If the Mesr
scngcr will inquire of the old members of
the 3d Vermont, ot which he was the first
Adjutant; of or officers or soldiers' of the Cth
ycrmont ol which he was tho Lieutenant
Cojooel during ts fLjt year's service and
through the Peninsular Campaign ; or of the
12th Vermont, of which he was Colonel
throughout its entire term of service ; or at
Norfolk and Fortress Monroe where he has
beep stationed since bis return to the scrrice
A. O. II.. and where hia MrviftMi nrl
ability in charge of mjllions of public propr
crty and at times of government employees I "Caniadtri-guaruntc," the mouth ol th
by thousands, have won bis promotion to country ; "Pclow-par-gow." the great wa
anothcr Colonelcy and now to the brevet ter ; "Ska-nc-togh-ro-wab-na." the largest
rank of Brirvdkr General, it will discover . water. Ticondcroga was "Cbcor.deroga."
that Asa P. Blunt L tolerably well known,
to number, both in and out of this State.
A boy of ten ycais named Tatro was killed
near the Canada line, at Island Pond last
week. He was riding on an engine and
fell under the wheels, whereby both legs
were cut off.
C. S. Kendal, of Granville, Vt., was found
dead in the woods April 29th, and it was
thought that he had been murdered, but me
dical examination showed that he died in a
Patrick Duly and Patrick Kennedy got
hurt by the accidental explosion of an old
blast they were drilling out, in St. Albor.s
the other day. One will lotc a hand.
The gale ol a week ago Sunday did a good
deal of damage in tinny jlaecs In Ripton
every houtc in oi e district was more or less
injurcl; several vvcrcdemolished, and two
persons were seriously hurt. In Berlin
many barns Ytcrc bluvn down ; in tlie door
way of ore, twojoung ladits were etsuding
one of whom was knocked senseless. TVc
spres or the Methodist Church were taken
off. and a timber 20 feet long, from a barn,
wns driven through tho wall of a bouse.
The dettruction or trees was very great;
the sugar oi chard of Cyru Morse or last
Mompclicr, one ol the best in the Slate,
was entirely ruined Many jugar orclurdi
in Caledonia i-'ountf suiTcrcJ greatly. Iu
lionet, the toll bridge was blow n away, and
a bntn really new, the largest in the plate,
Cambridge males sugar thi year. Sev
enty four orchaidr, about a third of the
whole, yielded 111,970 pounds, one man
making 5,700 lbs At 15 cents, ihc average
rate( this bring' m nearly jJJTXpO,
At the April Term ol Ibe Fritrkiin County
Court, the towns of Fairfax and Georgia
were fined $5.0C0 etch fur not working and
opening the road from Fairfax village to
Georgia drjvt, and cemtuiseionera were ap
pointor by Itic i.'ouft en open tue iuta,
Jefferson Cowhs of Newport, haa made,
on his farm in Albany, 1000 lb, of Sugar
from 350 trees.
Cambridge baa voted to by oat road
thropgh the " Notch" to Stuwe, if half the
cost can be raiied by wlipcriptiua. luiii
yeould shorten tlie distance between the tiro
places from 2T mile to 14. Tbey voted
also to build a new Town House, and aie
getting up a stock coin any io lay out a
road lie in Carol lidge to the tvp of Mansfield
The people of Mootpeiitr f Bakiog an
effort to secure Newbury Seminary &t the
capital uf the State.
The ringleader of a riot in Middle bury
on Fast Day, Tboa. Cordon by name, has
been arrested at Pott Henry, N. V., on a re
quiiltiop from fioy. piDins;bam and lodged
in Middle bury jajl to await trul. A no tner
rioter was arrested in Middlehury next day.
A bill has passed the II use recognizing
as a post road the railroad bridge across the
Lake at Rouses Point.
LocxOrT! Photographed Fivis on the
Commercial Bank uf Burlington, Vt.,are in
circulation, and bare been patted recently in
Rutland by a man, -ho ij described jn the
IltraU is light coioplexioned. atx,ut u feel
high, well jnoportioncd, with a light mous
tache and imperial, and dressed in a suit uf
light gray. One kind of the eooterfeils
may be easily delected by a broad red stripe
aereui each ends, ?ttb figure five in the red.
Another exactly like the lorsoer, minus ete
redttripe, is also in circulation. The sig
natures are engraved.
Tue Tax Bill. Mr. Morrill remarked in
the floeue on Frjday fhaf the action of the
House thus far hod beep of a character to,
seriously discourage the Committee cf Wa
and Means, inaamuch as the tendency of the
amendments made was to cut down very ma
terially the amount of revenue which the
Commfttee had hoped to raise by the bill.
The ta; on manufacturers was amended, so
tbst in cases uhcre the yearly value of their
manufacture doe not exoeed 3000. tbey
shall be exempt from taxation to the amount
Thermometer vibrating slowly between
33 3 and 40 c North wind cloudy sky
an occasional tnotf-fhke wintet clothing or
blue noses frequent remarks on "what
weather lor almost tbc first of June!"
Such is the weather progiainmc "along these
A meeting of Stockholders of the Rutland
and Burlington Railroad, is advertised to be
IiclJ in this city June 13th.
Tbc Rutland Herald, wc presume, saw in
the Fbee Pkess the editorial on John Cain
and Mr. Dorr which it copied from lie St.
Albans Messenger, nnd knew that the Mes
senger appropriated" it bodily from our
columns. Would it not then, have been as
well to credit it where it belonged ? csj-ccial-ly
as the JlcralJ is a ) rofctsed stickler for
Tue Nostiiern Traxsi-oetatiox Cojipa.nv,
which commenced business in 1S49 with
two propellers, now runs fourteen vessels.
and is one of the most successful corpora
tions on the Great Lakes, haying carried
last year 45,000 tons of freight westward
and 75,000 tons eastward. Its steamers
take passengers from Ogdcnsburg and land
them at Milwaukic. Chicago and all princi
pal intermediate ports, and are staunch,
clean, and fast vessels, some entirely new.
The advertisement or this company may
bo round in our columns, and any further
information desired may bo bad of tbc
agent, U. N. Daiav, at the Telegraph office.
Parties moving West, o rgoing for pleasure
travel, will do ttcII to pprchasc tickets of
Death or Mrs. D. W. C. Clarke. Tbo
death of Mrs. D. W. O. Clarke, which oc
curred Monday morning, was doubtless for her
bappy release from prolonged illness and
suffering. Gen. Clarke was in Washington
this morning, but will probably be hero to
morrow. Uc will have in his bereavement
the Einccio sympathy of our entire com
OcbENtBCRcn has voted in City meeting,
by pnp majority, to baye e Steam Fire En
gine, at a cost of 3000.
Lake Cdahpuia1. Jndge Palmer in his
History of Lake Champlain, says it was
called by several names among the Indian) ;
11 " Pe.l'ws-lWf" Ind and water ;
The Fort Go.mwix Massacre was a ca
nard. General McDowell telegraphed to
General Grant, from San Francisco last Fri
day, that l.c had infi)imalion showing it to
lie utterly nnfoundid.
City of Ilurlluglon.
BOARD Or ALDERMEN.
MosniT, May 21, 1SG0.
Ptctent : Aldermen Appleten, Bledgett,
Dodge, Peck and Tart.
A license to keen an eating saloon was grant
ed to A. G. Starkweather.
The appointment of II. A. Clark as special
pelkcmin was approved.
Alderman Peek, from the.speeial committee,
to whem was referred the communication of the
Chief Engineer of the Fire Departaent, made
a repoit recommending that the City purchase
one thousand feet of bote, five hundred fret for
The report yis adopted, and the Mayor waa
instructed to purchase said amount of bate.
Leave was granted the " Hippoeollosfculem"
to exhibit on the 2Slh and 20th intt., and to Ufe
the market lot for that purpose, upon the pay
ment to tlie City Treasurer of S 10.
Alderman Peck introduced the following reso
lution relative to City taxes, which was adopted:
Rnoleed. That (in accordance with a vote
passed at a meeting of the legal votera in the
City, held on tlie 17th of May. If06.) a lax of
seventy-five cents on a dollar of the Grand Mat
of the City be aened, to be puid to tbo Trfi.
urer by the nrtt day of November, 16, and
Ibe City Collector is hereby authorized to charge
as bis compensation lor the collection of said
tax. five per cent, upon each dollar by him col
lected, ami paid into the Treasury.
Oa motion of Alderman Dodge, the V,jot
was authorised to tell the old Pound, on WiU
lard Street. njm such terms as he deems most
advlaable for the City.
Adjonrned until Monday, May 28tb, at 2.J0
P. SI. "
Sweden is going to send the world another
nightingale, equal, it is said, to Jenny Liad.
She is named Marie Taskatt.
Marie Tacliorii. the dancer, and Prinoe
Windfecngmu of ilerliu are to be married.
So, also, arc a great many other people.
The Wheeler A Wilson Sewing Machine
Company at Hartford sa laying the founda
tion of a new factory, 310 by 370 Icct.
The contract for constructing the Gettys
burg Monument has hem awarded to James
G. Battcrson, oi llurtlord. Ct. The monu
ment is ta coat $0,OtV-
Tbe first yencl propelled hi a screw wan
made ifty years ago in Rhode Island by
Jonathan' Niehob, a Vermont biackMnith,
and Davm Grieve a tailor. The aerew oper
ated successfully, but the vesoel failed lor
want ol a keel.
A euriema accident occurred Ibe other day
in Chesterfield, 'a.. by which Urns Cornelia
Ames lost an eye by the esplcion of an Hid
Dominion coffee pot.
The effect of recent order of the Presi
dent's hat been that toe Preedaen'e Bu
reau has teen compelled to part with the
greater portion of ihc property once under
rtt control. 400,000 acres of abandoned
propt rty have been restored to tbeir former
owners, and 1 1,662 aurea of bod allotted to
freedmen have been restored.
It is quite the fashion now in New Or
leans for every spectator at a theatre to be
presented with a botHjoct oa entering the
door. Tbc enect is to make the auditorium,
in ooor and appearance, reaenibM a huge
An e xchange relates how J. P. Uray, a lad
about twelve years of age, residing with his
parents in Providence, was t much excited
by the passing of a menagerie and circus, thaf
be went up into the attic and bung himself.
He was dead when discovered This was a
curious occasion for suicide.
There is something amusing in the legal
style of the indictment found at Norfolk
against Jeff. Davis. The bead of a lour
years' gigantic rebellion is to he arraigned
because Be, on the ltb day ol June, iitV4,
did, with "a sreat multitude of ercKns,"
"Io the number of five hundred persons and
upwards," armed with "cannon, muskets,
pistols, swords, diiks and other warlike
weapons," "array and dispose themselves
against the United States of America."
Sterling Ling, a notorious hcrse thief and
rebel spy and trbo made a oonsession some
time since, declaring that he was an accom
plice in the a-snssination of President Lin
coln, died on Friday, on board the steamer
plying between Louisville and Cincinnati,
uy voluntary starvation, he having refused
all but the merest morsel of food fur the
past forty days.
Probst, the Philadelphia riend, expresses
sorrow that he killed the children , but that
he slew Dccring he admits of no regret.
The only eurmelty or anxiety he hag yet
manifested was on a single occasion, when
ho asked a keeper if he bad ever seen anybody
hung, and what was the probable duration
of consciousness after the roj-e bad been
stretched by the weight ol a human body.
Miss lidmonia Lewis, 11 lady of color, has
taken a studio in Rome, and works as a
sculptress in one of tbc room forcie:ly oc
cupied by the great master Canova, She is
Ihc only lady or her race in tbc United States
who has thus applied herself to the study
and practice of sculptural art. Her mother
was an Indian and was born in Albany, and
her father was a' negro. She is now at work
unoD a marble bust of the late Col. Shaw
of Wth Massachusetts regiment.
Another mammoth has been discovered in
tbc lrozen soil of arctic Siberia, in the
neigtibornoocl of the Day of Tax, the eastern
arm of the Guir of Obi. The animal was
found but partially exposed, having its skin
and hair complete. A naturalist has l-en
sent by the Russian Imtcrial Academy of
w j tw luabc iui c&auiiuaiiuo Ol li. VjrCat
results arc anticipated from the examination
wnicn win doubtless bnns to Jigbt the
diameter ol the animal and the contents of
The General Assemblies of tho Old and
New School Presbyterians met in St. Louis
Gen. Sweeney says he believes that Ste
phen", the Head Centre of the Fenians, is an
Dr. Puscy, the celebrated Knglish dirinc.
whose nine has become so familiar, is ex
pected soon to visit this country.
A train or ears was nrcoir,itati from tl
bridge at ClarkBvilIe, Tenn.,. yesterday, a
distance or one hundred feet, into the water.
One life was lost.
A gentleman in Clockville, Madison Coun
ty, has a turkey gobbler weighing forty
three pounds, and standing over four feet in
The steamer Lion, while on her last trip
Thursday afternoon, exploded her boiler op
posite Hochclaga, two miles bclovy Montreal.
Six lives were lost and scyen persons scyprely
Within the past month flour has been
brought to New York from France and sold
?' iTfrJ handsomo proGt Ten thousand
bushels of American wheat returned in M
country from pvprpcol last Trcel.
The Postofficc Department haa l(c.,l ..i
era 10 uiscontinue tbe delivery of the aaih
. . . ..-... wu-
. 1, it- . . ----- j ...w .,1-. .
ia.iomcesinaoutn Carolina, where there
iJLC!L-iiSU S, f?mniI'0ol postmasters. I
that n if. It J?k P X"!
tbat can take tbe oath, in a number oi ,
f.. ; .
In 'l,s;ii. w.. i-.l ... . . ' f
s.rj:,V.,-l-'.rV "was ODserveqaaa
ITra. r;Ti.0?a.unt !
v.t ru.poaai prcciamt-
won 01 me president, which it was fo'qnl
. 7 1 mvu a r a iuuii i
ou berore the day wa. oyer, bad never been in
Whitehall was culled
tbc place to dip fish.
The Internal Revenue Bureau requirca all
tizens of tho South to render income re-
turns for tho year 1SG4 as well as lor 1SG5,
Some of the rebel officers residing in Alexan
dria, Va., arc startled by the call to furni'h
the required statements, and arc surprised
that the rations received by them, in tho
1 Confederate army, arc estimated at forty
The clerk at tho Lookout Mountain II iufc,
near ChattunooM, heard screams Prom the
near cnai&inongtt, ncaru screams irum voc . .. unuic mc icn utui whc in me vn
summit of the mountain oa Saturday. On ( 'as couid gather themselves together, the
reaching the spot and leaning over tho prr- Pi'tretahe mounted the horses they had
cipice he discovered a young lady hanging
by a portion of her clothes to somo shrubs
!n thi rfu!r. Ha let
himseir down over the clifl, and by pretcrna-
j tural exertions, relieved the young lady from
ner embarrassing ami perilous situation, anil
restored her to her friends, alive and biush-
It is now said by San Francifco paper,
that the great explosion in that city, sup
posed to have been caused by nitro-glycerinc
in li ells, Fargo A Co.'s office, was caused
by some chemicals in Bell's Asay office ad
joining that building, as the sole agents frr
the sale of nitro glycerino in that city ray
they never tent any to tho express olSee, and
there wa none in the city at the time. It
is just ijcwible that the nitro glycerine men
uuii 1 icu tno iruiu or are niiaiaccn,
last Thursday afternoon a son of General
Rouseeau, of Kentucky, a young man cf
about eighteen years, went into a Temper
anee Restaurant at Washington and asked
for a glass ot liquor. When informed of tho
peculiar principles ot the place, ho remarked
from some abstruse renson that the pro
prietor must be from New IJampahirc. Ibat
individual replied that tbc case was worse;
he "A-aa from Vermont. Then young Rous
seau observed that be was a Southerner, and
was proud of it. The proprietor did " not
envy him tbc hunur '" Kuusseau then
threatened to cut out the liver of his obnox
ious tnterlocuter, and started off, observing
that be would go and get the ' old man."
He returned with a pistol, and pointed it at
various persons, aceumjanying hip taies
with many huge oatbx. At last some one
took it rrom bun, when he pitilully prom
ised good behavior.
Polki CovT- Sefore. Recorder Read
Monday n rning.Xick Hrunc-Uewas Saed $3
and caste for inioxioatioft, and Masimc Pok
ier and Fdvraril Amblo $10 and cueto each
or felling liciuor.
Important from Peru.
BoanAKLtT or Callao. Rei-i uk or toe
Spanish Fuxr nr be sujki cattduis.
slew Yot, Mty 21. The steamer Arraom,
from Aspinwall 13th, with $1,201,000 in
gold, has arrived.
Tlie U. S. fUgahip Vanderbilt and monitor
Monadnoek armed at I Manama on the even
ing or tbc 12tb inst., baring sailed lrom
Callao on tbv 3d. Ilr these vesmls we bare
news of the bombardment oi Callao. On
the 2d inst., at noon, the action commenced
from' the snore battrnea. The fire was re
turned by the Spanish fleet. The Villa de
Madrid and Uercnguela were so badly dam
aged early in tbc fight that they were obliged
to withdraw to San Lorenxo, and were after
ward followed by the Numancia and the rest
of the fleet, all more or less damagrd. The
Spanish Admiral Nunez is said to have been
During tbo engagement Senor Galvcl,
Peruvian Secretary of War, sac killed by
toe ej.4okiun of a battery. Tne fight huleJ
until 4 10 tne afternoon. ery Utur damage
was dune to Callao. only a tew blind red dol
lars wortn ot property being etestroytd.
Exclusive of what the battenec aulered
tea Peruvians are reported killed ana SO
wound to. .otning reliable nan been beard
ot the Spanish loss, but it ie supposed to be
Oa the important subject of the liability
oi the Government for the redemption of na
tional bank notes, V. S. Treasurer Spinner
baa written the following letter :
TaaAsmr or nu I'smp Statx, )
VTaabucwx, itj IS, I860. 5
Deas Sin : Your letter of the pith instant
has just been received. Yea ask to what extent
is the Government liable (or the redemption of
ine notes 01 me rapjnai bants. 1 answer to
ibe mil nemina lace value of every note issued
by the Comptroller of the Currency Io a bank,
and by the banks pot in circulation. You ask,
shooM the bank deposit with the I'nited States
Treasurer to secure the circulating soles with
the banks depositing them be inadequate to the
reuempoon 01 tne nous of t. e bank, by reason
01 in Kciine 01 tne securities aeposiievi, ia the
uoveroment njanu 10 reaetm taa notes at par
Ihe forty-seventh section of the Kational Cur
rency Act not only gives the right to forfeit all
the securities held, bat for any ikSciency the
Government has a first and paramount tier upon
all the asfts of a defaulting bank. I therefore
answer this qoestnu amrmatrtery. You ask
agtin, Could the absolute Mlure of a nat:oaal
bank impair the value of the ei renin tire; notes
o the tins mixing soch failure! 1 'answer
no Qn the contrary, the notes of the natioBal
baak that has failed are rather better than those
of a bank in good standing, if away from Ibe
busiaess marts or commercial centres of the
Country, for the reason that the Treasurer of the
Lmted states brocmes the cashier of such de
faulting bask, and will, through his assistants
ana an other Uovernment cmcer. redeem such
circulation. You ask, fourth, are the notes of Ibe
United Stales Treasury, beyond the faot of their
being leeal tenders, a greater security to the
holders than the currency of the National Binks.
The United Slates legal-lender notes afford no
greater see Jrity to he bolder than the notes of
.Mtwnal Minks. The only real difference be
tween the two is, that while the Utter are only
a legal-tender from and to the Government, the
farmer are such legal tender from and to all
parties, whether municipalities, oorsoratioBS, or
Very respectfully yours,
F. E Srisxre, Treasurer L. S.
K. C. Daxiel, Eso. , Merchants' National
tunic, .Memphis, Tenn.
Getting Wiser. Tne Ohrutisn JSrominrr,
one of the most respectable periodicals, was
not lonir since a warm advueate of tht
President'. W K- t
, , rjt ..- ""b
in his Eta,teemai,ship.
It now begins to see I
its mistake .
We were dispoied," says the May number
i iu4u mc 1 rcsiueat not more extreme than
some part of Congress. But, while Congress
has been growine temperate, he hu Wi .--
wing hot, and exhibit'inff an obsti
confidence in bit private judgment, whieh it ill
becomes a Eresidept to show In' the presence of
ijc reprcseniauves or the nation's wishes,
nimselfan accidental President, it would better
1 it do aa passive as his station al
lows, lis temper has proved hasty; his self
reference, mortifying; ani his demagogical ten
dencies, alarming. It oris very much as if the
V .i "e fc0m8 ,0 prove that most difficult
of all persons to deal with, a seltmade man,
jealous of those educated tosutesmanjbip, hatinsr
refinement despising any philanthropy not his
own. and obstinate in p'ropo- tien to 'his nirrow-
The "New Gosrst or Peace as the Sr
AirAi.sRj!r).Thc "fourth and last" vol
ume of thcNcw Gospel of Peace" has tho
louowing chapter on tbe St. Albans Raid :
Now Philscurrvdown was. unall nf .fu
ture, and ho was nl hi mn of tl, r..l.
And while he was driving Jew R.Hn.l..
uuu nis army out ot tbo vallev of th Ss.;
11 -----" into me
landot the Kabnux, ihat they might work
evil against the Iankiej, ana who were
w.u umtu ui in iuai Janci,
.sdt.1 ,.bc,m!cvcs "ler. and took
f, r rtTbcir.han,ds fDd ent over into the
Kes m mt0 B U,la of ,he
And they hid their arms under their
ii . .T xgkl knew not that they
Phiretahs being of one blood and ono speech.
rSM V""'3" carried themselves
Fraccaoiy and went not sbout blasnhemir,
- -- b-iiiit-u kurmseives 1
BDd ll"S. no ono could tell that they
in this-village there was no army,
, J "Ruling men, ncitberdid thearmies
MWJ'Falra dwell fn tho coantir ronn
aboutor fAss tn,h.H It.' . tH .UK. "r
PIb did ia , he 'valley of thrSh,C f
a. i I
Ann aii. a i i . i
thwaof so that they might .pT onl ths
a v r wut in
: i-j jf.-..., ,
l:?,,' upcrecd themselves through the
village, and at a certain hour with one -
tent they entered tho stables and the shops
of tho artificers, and beean to liy hands up
on their cold nnd their silver ami horses and
And because of tho war thero were lew
in the village save old men ani women and
children ; for tu. st of tho young men wers
in the armies of Unculpsalm.
U.I Lr i r . 1 . . 1
"'" anei tgan to ride out ot the village,
( And those that attempted to hinder them.
! 'hey fell upon and wounded Mlrplv.
1 l"1 tue ynung men that were left in the
village aseemblcd quickly, and got otber
borsea and pursued tho Phiretahs. Yet
could they not come up with them before
they bad poed the border or the land ol
Unculpsalm into the land of the Kahnux.
So they escaped.
Then B1IL0 joord issued a decree in
the Dame of Abraham. sayins that no man,
might come from the land of the Kahnux.
into the land of Uneulpsalm unless ho bad
a writing sealed wih the seal of the am-
baesjtJorol Abraham in the land of toe
Kahnux, showing that he was neither a
1 l'i,i,,.k ,.,i,'I
; cot nve pieced of silveV.
And the writ-
1 , ,, , ,
The Fourth Volume of tho New GosneJ.
published, in tho same form as the, athera.
by the American News Gompony of Nev
York and is for sale by Fuller.
The Annuo.-.- people ovsRvyosKtn. The
people are literally wearing themselves out.
they go ruund and rvund like maetbines. as
though muscle and bone arxl nbre could with
stand the wear of iron and steel. Any
thing to gain an object. Everything to ac
quire wealth No nritter what weakness
and nervous derangements it may entail up
on children, the spirit of the country H that
of work progress and the goal Bust be
reached. What if young taen grow old at
thirty, or young women hiac their freshnew
and vivacity V. twenty there are great
things to he done ; and if tbo body is worn
uut in doing them, why the repair must be
an slier euasideration. The wlieek must
Kround, no mitter bow many are crashed.
Flesh and blood are not to be taken into ac
count. Shatter the nerves, rum tne eyes,
grow gaunt and consumptive never mind,
the spirit of the people must not be contest
ed. Progress- is tbe word. Wealth first,
body afterward. .od when the little moni
tors of ill-health begin their insinuating d
y&aoes, tne used upon man or woman imme
diately plans a trip to the seaside or moun
tains, and a month or two of rest. As
though life could be toyed with in this ar
bitrary way f As though one long strain is
bamnfeil by total relief.
Aa a peuple we try to do too much, rhere
v one Cunsunt strain and effort to go higher
further, to be greater richer Youa
men arc brought forward into rdaees oi
responsibility that are tuo much for them.
Their ambition M excited by every porsirde
motive, and they griw gray and old when
they ought to "be tresh and light-bearied.
Young- women are hurried into society and
to the use of its wretched artifices long be
fore they arc ready to sustain so much care
and anxiety, instead uf freshness and buoy
ancy, they are weighed down with di. -detent
ana peevish repining, and tbey arc old
rive years before tbey ought to nave any
place in society. And not uoly is this con
tagion oi work and prugrea the curse of
the young, but it bears down with tntensi
lad lore upon those who tare been longer
in the harness Tbe struggle is to gel rich
at thirty-five, and then "retire.'' So far in
this country those men who have "retired"
rrrly have carried with them a broke o dptn
Constitution, a disarranged physical cundi.
tin. which no rest, no aviney.cun repair.
Tbe remedy fir this slate of tnings ia the
suggestion ol plainest sense. The Knglish
.have karned it nusl fully, and, as a conse
quence, they live better, longer and happier.
What is needed is mure mooVralkxi in wisrk,
and more intermingling of daily labor with
pleasant recreation. Tbe physical part Qf
our being must be attended to as We go.
along, nut once in a year at some retort of
fashion. We must be satisfied with kes.aad
thus ebtill we have more real happiness. We
need more uuitt, Its chafing anet worry. In
this nay will ail (he forces ot lile have a
lietter opportunity to perfuim their varied
functions, and we shall be a nation if bap
pier, healthier and more buoyant men and
women. There may nut be to many societies
lor Ihe diffusion of universal knowledge, but
there will be a better development of the
individual Round Ttbk.
The Bostoaian have got Ptof. lHot on tb
brain. They alter sale with Kmerson ande
Blot, and hardly know which to most ad
mire, Blot's sravT or Emerson's tranteen
dentalism but as Beau Rrummelt need t
say. both are " very much reeherefce."
Poisteu After the ?ote for e'enatur ia
the House oa Vt ednesday was anBoaneed .by
whieh it appeared that seven Union votes
were ease eonttary to the agreement made in
tho caucus, Mr. Burr or the Hartford Tnrtet
went up to Mr. Barnaul and said : "Well,
we are raking out your party. We have got
out seven members to-day." "Yes." replied
Mr. Bar num. "the tame nu tuber that Vers
raked out of Mary Macdakco." Bndi'-
port (Ct.) Standard.
War Matters. Tbe German nuestmn
was regarded aa on tbe very point v.f war.
although hopes of a Congress were still en-
teriaiDeU in some quarters. Prussia bad
massed her entire army on the frontier
Austria had called out everv soMisr.''
Italy was most energetic in her war prepara
tioos, lUvarh had mobilized ber armr.
Turkey was about to take the same step,
and Russia is reported as moving a portion
of her forces. Napoleon delivered a most
sisnlfieant speech at Auxerrc, in which
said be " detested" tbe treaty of 115.
The words were regarded as a " signal"
iur ur. n aitemnt bad been m-ila tc
r6'16 "ismark m Berlin.
IhG United States inulos In ',, k.,1
protested against the inarch of Austrian
volunteers for Mexico. Some of th newlv
raised companies were disbanded in conse
quence. Others bad entered the Austrian
Don't have too many friends. He who
cac t oouni; his friends an!t count upsa
Tbe Lanizuape of Finn-era "woll 1 '
A mablonabla nariv m
now called a
A witty fellow StlVS that ft hnfln cVlst
banging out ot doora reminds him nr -n rl
of a belfe.
Phrenologists allow that th. n-- r
drunkennea is a barrel Organ,
Why is the assessor of itm th. wt mn
in the WOtld ? Because kn nin, ..j
The latest dmainr fn v. 1..:. .IL,I
too "O Mahoney pomade" it is great as
a bead scenter.
The prevailing strli. nf t.ltim slaa i
ti.. n. t. r, .
i -"thBturt 1
I between the factions of that brotncrliood.
A local fashion renorter nilr of S
lady who wore "an exquisite hyialutin on
her head while her tram wan composed of
gossamer fol de rol.
Lady Morgan paid a visit to Rossini
"Ah," says she, "1 have found vou ia
moment of inspiration." "You have bat
mis inspiration is thunderiat; bard wore."
H good old Job bad been tormented with
his garden patch, Instead of boils on
his body, we shonlJ m all Tm.iv.hit.tv have
,M beautiful story of tho example of
ptient su bmisslon to trial which the nspir-
d book haa handed down to ns.
An attorney, 13 vihtd
maftrpees by qliiiijng an old
w scow hi
r wero an
P"?1'? ? if e
girls in the neighborhood- "Yes." roriie-
tiK uiu ii i ji Ft . i nprp 4 n nravaniii I Flkl
nil . . v 1 .- 1 .
thm W t sin't ball enough
?f resP"lb.!o husbands for 'em and tome c(
m ara he2rn,-s to take up with lawyers