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Burlington weekly free press. (Burlington, Vt.) 1866-1928, November 16, 1866, Image 2

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THE BUELINGTOiN. Vi FUCK S'RESS. FKIJD VY MOKXINO, NOVEMBER 1G, 18G6
J.
Reiolredby Ike Senate and Home o' Kepre
tentaticet That, in the recaestructleo of the
States latfljr in rebellion, hurauitv?Tmperative
y demands that there ebouU be CO c promise
with traitt-rs; on the contrary, that treason
should le made odicu' tod traitors ponisbed.
lltiolrrd, Th it it is the exclusive riht of
Congress at the representatives of a heal
people who saved the cation from nttr ruin, l'i
present the terras whereby the rebellion- State
niijr reswore their fcriaer relations to thi-internment
wbtth they s.rove for fouryeais t di -t-
Petolctd, That we recognise in the nut n I
ing position occupied by the lefwlatite 1 rvn h
of the general government, a degree it f, ri r-i--ance
anl forgiveness toward corm- I r-'us
unaralleled ifl the history of tl.c t. '11, .md,
actuated by tone other th.'.n -. hristi - spirit,
with a firm reliance upon tn ;.!: nati-si,
we aunt solemnly pledje i-..-K,tt- tn support
the Congress of the Cnile i State in a jart and
persistent drmard lor a full anJ complete re
cognition of the riht of every citizen within
the limits of our broad domain.
On motion of Mr Res of St " Johnsbury, the
substitute resclatincs were ordered to tie, and
the citric directed tc p ocare the printing of the
usual member of copies.
On motion of Mr Lane-of Cornwall, adj.
Feibat, Nov. 9.
AFTEBXOOX.
SfcNATK.
Ordered lo third reading a HO to provide
for repafac of hif;bwavi; 78 ni amendment of an
set to incorporate the Vt state agtienltaral socie
ty ; h 62 io addttuB to chap 28 of toe geatral
statutes in relation to milroad ard railroad
corporation.
8 1 relating to divorce, atid in addition t"
chap 70 ot the general ttutes, providm? iht
hni'al uruoke-ncss be & caw fir diverse, vas
fc&ennn.
aii discussing the bill at length, Jlr Talt
offered an amendment, provldirig that drarnkea
ness must be of two year' duration next pre
vious to the filling of the libel, to be made a
cause of divorce. He vsara tavt.rof the bill if
K) amended.
Mr Itorr vtaaoppresed to the M!i aid amend
ment Mr Cochran favored the passage of the bill
and the amendment Tree adopted.
On tiie qseetion of the passage cj the bill the
yeas were 18, nays 11, and tketitil passed.
Adjourned.
no use.
hills introduced and referred By Mr Miner
of Manchester in addition to e (r of the
court of chancery ; to com on rod.
lly Mr Weston of Colcfaectrr, to change the
naioeot the Wirootki Marble co; to oom on corp.
Mr Welch of YTilliatou called up h bill to
provide for the election of a monument over the
grave of Thomas Chittenden, the eiuesticn lieiog
on the adoption of the amendment proposed by
me com to till the blank with the sum of So'iO".
The bill was supported by Mr Hubbirdaf Stock
bridge and Mr M ehm of Willi-ten it ho stated
that the stone that now mark:! the grave ot the
first Governor of Vermont was a dark slate Cone
only about two feet and a half high axd about
the fame width, covered with rnoss and nut.
and by moving aside the grass the spectator
could indistinctly lead the following inscript:on :
"In memory of his excellency Gov. Thomas
Chittenden, who governed the state of Vermont
frcm March 177b to the time of bis death,
August 17V7 save one year. He was born Jan
uaryCth 1730. Ilia was a liic of osefulneas ;
let those who read imitate his virtues." He de
sired some more appropriate tribute to the mem
ory of Gov. Chitti iideu, and the Mate should pay
the tribute asked.
t On motion of Mr Harris of Wmdham the bill
was ordered to he and made the special order of
auesuay morning next at 11 o flock.
On motion of Mr Carpenter cf I'awlet the
clerk was directed to request the senate to return
to the house sbillrelating to probate Ices and
salaries, which request was granred, and on his
motion the vote passing t' e bill was reconsidered.
II bill to provide for the preservation and re
storation of fish in the sta'e of Vermont, was
taken up. Mr Miner ol Manchester opjHel the
hill, and proposed to amend to as to allow the
catching of trout and lunge, by hook and lice
only, between the 16th day of May and the ;llst
day of August of each year.
Mr Weston of Colchester proposed that the
legislature set apart a brook for the especial ben
efit of the gentleman from Manchester.
The bill was then passed Ayes 10, KaycsSl
Mr Rounds of Chester called up the joint re
solution prohibiting the introduction of t.lls in
either house after the present week, except by
unanimous consent of both houses.
Mr Miner moved to amend so that no bills
should be introduced after Monday next ; adopt
ed and the resolution was passed.
Jlr Rounds of Chester called op h bill for se
curing attendance at school oi children of certain
ages, the question being on moWon to nmoataer
the vote refusing the third reading of the bill.
The motion to reconsider was rejected Ayes
W. Says 91.
Saturday, Nov. 10.
SENATE.
Mr Porter submitted the report of the com.
appointed to visit the State reform school, re
commending a bill vhich was ordered to lie and
be printed.
Mile introduced By Mr Kellogg, in addition
to chap CS of the general statutes relating to
the sale ol real estate including homestead, by
guardians of insane persons, providing that the
probate court may authorize guardians of in
sane i arsons to sell the homestead.
Ihllt pautd s GO repealing chap 109 enti
tled of persons claimed as fugitive slaves and to
prevent kidnapping; s SO providing for repair
of hichways; h c-1 to pay certain State officers:
h 1 1 7 in amendment to see's '2 and 8 chap 17
of the general statutes relating to the registry
and return cf births, marriages and deaths.
Ordered to Uird tending 1 82 in amend
ment to sec 1 enap 22 rrb-ting to the board of
education.
The president announced as the com. to whom
should be referred the rjrt of the commisaioti
ers far Vt. National statary hall. Senators
Dorr, Tilt and lUot.
Joint retain turn Fi m the bouse, that alter
Monday nest no bii! shall be introduced into
cither house nit bout the consent of both houses;
lost. Adjourned.
HOUSE.
llitlt inltodnced u:id ri.ireJ Kf Ur Boss
of Urauden in alteration of c 24 g s (relating
to highways; to com on read.
By Mr l'aul of Pomfret, i promote and pre
serve the efficiency of the orgtnixed militia; to
com. cn military aKurs.
By Mr Van Sicikn of Burlington, to inter
polate lie Tite 1'iees Association at Burlington;
to com. on ecrp
By Mr Hots f St. J hutbury limiting the
duration of the flatter- of tanks existing un
der the laws of the relate of Vticiout so that
the charters of all .tatt lunks shall expue; to
com. on banks.
Jtfjnrtt From ecu. tn rue h bills C2 re
latin; o railroads, Co in addition to an act to
auitnd s M c 26 g s relating to railroads, 4
authorizing the Bennington and It at land rail
road ooffcpaay to extend the r jrthern line of
their load, loO relating to operating railroads
in this State, that the parsiif directly interested
in said bill having ifi i:.J an arrangement
which rerdeis legislation unncessarr, they ask
to Lo diwUrt.td trnm turiLer consideration of
thesuljc!, and tn u:..t:oo ot Mr Park of Ben
nington the bills we,n crdcri i to lie.
Pri nt silect com li :!I to ocostitate a new
oouniy t.j ibe t.tnit el Cuhhi, against the pas
sage of tl.c hi!:- o.i nii.t.Ui of Mr Ewedsof
l.'hestei, ordered to lie
Pniu niecttom. cu so much cf the governor's
iiHtaajir im relates to the reform school, by a
bill ei.'it.td h.r the rfKulaiiou and govrntoeat
ot the eru.uLt reform s.hcol, which was or
dered lu Le, and the clerk directed to priMOTO
the printing i f the usual number ot c pies of
ibe rtpoitand bill.
Mr Snyder of Huntington moved that toe
Senate be .iquested to return to the house h
bill provide lor the lestoration of fi-b in th
State of Vermont; adopted.
Men lay. Xo. 12.
The leport of the com to whom was referred
the report of the trustees cl the Verm.int St-ite
Library ; rrcommendiu the passage of an ac
companying bin, appropriating as additional
sum of i 300 to be expended under the direction
of the trustees; ordered to third leading.
Ordered to third reading t 'JO providing
that t.wns may elect a collector ot taxes; s
100 relating to the regulation and government
cf the State reform school; s 7o in amendment
to an act to amend an act to incorporate tLe
village of Rutland
BUI' paucde 77 tc pay certain state offic
ers, losmcuu an act entitle! an act to incotpo-
ie ie ' uuvui dime Jiri:uiiurai COCIOiV.
Joint rteolutioniVy Mr. Reed, that tie
secretary ef state be directed to make a descrip
tive catalogue ef the books and papers is his
office and repcrt at the next session; adopted.
Jlitlt introdured to authorize the town of
Woodstock to raiss a sum not exceeding $00 .
000, and the towns of Sherburne, Ilrrdgswi ter,
Plymouth, Hartlinl and Hartford to raise a
sum not cxKtding $30,000 each, to aid in
building a railroad from VioodstocV to seme
point on the White River; to amend sec 1 of an
act entitled an act to authorize the town of
n oodstoek to raise money to aid in Iuildb? a !
railroad; referred loeomen jud. J
On motion of Mr. Root, adjourned.
I dene.
HOUSE.
Nov. 10th.
j
iir. Hurt cf breantsn called up h bill in ad
ot to Incorporate the University cf ' Ililr04fI ere the Kocky Mountain! is SStlS "r .Lto l16 S."', Cr?r?rC t0nB wto BX. n you do I w"
uiuon io au aci
Vermont and
U'fllC 1.11LU1IUIUJ I el !"'. IIP . n II
v -
L lark withdrew hi proposed amendment, and J
the bill eras ordered to third reading a it or
iginally stood
Mr Slaoum of So Burlington, moved to re- j
ei.na I t the vote- pslag h hill iir tbeprestrva
t f.i . .. i restorm a of Qh in the State of Ver-
it i, . 1 loptel an I the bill ordered to lis. j
Nov. I2tb.
;,- i t !uc,U By Mr Joslyu cf Birton
for the a.j of draflel soUiers.autlnrizing towns
to raise money to refund to those who paid oom
i'' .tiyTi . r fHii-'-id substitute? in th" late
war: : i -i -. ui ht i-y ffairs.
. .'; el'.n ameodmeut of s ! e
2ojr - r.'. .tin; to UyiiT out sad diswntinamg
high" .j.- ail ' ril.;; in aJlHion to an act to
tncor; tiic the University of Vermont and State
Agricultural College; to change the namof
the Wincoski Marble Co; to amend t'ie charter
of the NurthfieM Cemct.'ry Aesoc'nt;'n.
UojlaNCS. IV I'oTSDAH Two Fsenui
tuxen Swai- '.Vires A IJanr Tuaows is.
About the year lK.0,Joc. Penny espoused
Mar; Bi!iij, nrnl tlic t-.v.im tl us made one
flesh live'd hjppily top .lier, until after the
breaking mt ol the rebellion. Then, fired
with patriotism, or induced by large boun
ties, or tcmi;a-l as a substitute, or actuated
by some other njUv emotion, Joe enlisted
into the" service of bis country. With what
valor be served, hi terry smith not, but it is
recorded th.it Lc was taken pris-incr, arid
upon being par'!ed on prumisirs; not to
gain take up arms against the Cinfodt-racy,
made bis way to that land (' rtfugc, that
haven of rest, t'aaada, and I.-m tl ence to
New Brunwick. wl'erc he livid safe from
war's alarms. IVirig ol a domestic turn,
aud thinking it not good !or man to live-
lone, be tl.cre wooed, won and wed Ellen
Henderson, leaving bis Mary to bo knocked
about by a cold mid ucsympat!tizln; world.
She, not liking m-co treatment, and probably
giving up Joe. as lovt, eneoaraged the ad
vances uiid accepted the oBcr of one Joe
foster, ana Ui"y were ace-ordnijjly marneei.
I iti-y were acc-orU.ngly mamed.
retbu :irf3ctrdy adjusted,and
Atattcs we
would Imvc reuiaicid s, had not Denny
taken it tutu h luuj . return to Pot-dam.
Ho orriviil here s.u.Ltl.ing like & month
ago, and till,er by aci i Jent.or guided bv that
orgatiic instinct" i which Charl Beade
speaks, met M iry. Old memuries came
bick to tbeni the torch supposed to be cx
tioguisbed Uaacd up afrtab. Mary and Denny
ntia to return tu the? lu loves, but waat
should be dine vilh fie. n"W? Tbe two
husbands put their iicais together, not after
the manner oi angry rams, but in a common
sense, busine-s-like vuy, and tbe result was
that a "swap was.-tgn.ed npou, by tbe terms
of which Forte r was to give up M iry, gen
erously "throwing in' a three months old
baby, and take tbe New B.unswick gill
Denny pj-ts off to 3. B., brings back the
new wile, and tbe transfer is xindc. to tbe
apparent suudnciim of alt emoerned. And
thus the case would have rested, had net the
parti, s qiaml d over Soine furniture, and
appealed to tbe courts to settle their diffi
culty. Ti.e examination before Fi-q. Crane elic
ited the facts we have stated. Justice.thoug't
so pncd to be blind, saw sums points of a
moral nature of which tbe parties seemed
entirely oblivious. Both are tberclore held
in durance ile, awaiting the trial which is
to cumc fi" Frid-iy. Pttsiam Journal.
" Or Two Blacks C'oooss the Bet. A
distirguubeddcznocratie politician yt- rJay
morning approached a gentlcLian iem New
York with an extended band and --.:iJ :
" 1 congratulate you heartily on tLe no'dc
stand your city has taken in the i lection ol
yesterday; that your nt'.ies; and most inllj
cntial ward has not tent to it I.'.l.-htive
halls a nigger."
"Well," replied t!.c New Wker, "I'm
thinking that in eur Li-lativc halls a
Mad face is mut'i letter than a l'a-!. Uj.
Good morning." Bo-li Ti ansmj t.
A Wise Son Ma.i.tu a (ji-in Fatui-i.
" Thomas, my .n," s.ul a lat!.ir to a lau
in my hearing tbe other day, "Won't you
show the gentleman your last Composition V"
"I don't want to," said he. 1 inA you
would," responded the father. " I won't"
was the reply : " I'll be goy-blamed if 1
do I" A sickly, half-approving smile pasMi
over the face of tbe father, go be said, in
explanation of his son's Imuqucric : " Tom
don't lack manners generally ; "but tbe fact
is, he's got svrh a cold, he's almost a foot!"
Kind parent: nappy - !
Xecko Hliiob. A Virginia rebel, giving
bis experience re a prisoner in tbe bands of
the federals at l'oint Lookout, tells the fol
lowing story :
The boys rre laughing at the summons
which S , one of my fellow-l'ctcrf burgers,
got to-day from a negro sentinel- S. had
on when captured, and 1 suppose still pos
C66C6, a tall beaver of the antique pattern con
sidered inseparable from extreme respecta
bility in tbe last decade, and for many a
year before. While wandering around the
enclosure, seeking, I suspect, "what he
might devour," be accidentally stepped be
yond tnc " dead line, wuen be was
stopped Ly a summons from tbe nearest ne
gro in the parapet, who seemed to be in
doubt whether so well dressed a man could
be a "reb," -nd therefore whether he
should be shot at once.
"White man, you b'long in dar?"
"Ves."
"Will, ain't you got no bette- sense than
to cross dat lice 1"
"1 did not notice the line.
Well, yon bad better notiea it, and dat
k. or I 11 blow half dat nail kaa oB
quick
Rey. timothy P. Gillette died at Bran
ford, Colin,, on Monday, at tbe age ot 86.
lie was settled over tbe Congregational
Church in Branford in 1808. and has con
tinned unmUrrupudly its pa tor to the
time o! his death. He was through life a
f puinr and um-IuI clergyman, and leaves
a very large rrrty, tbe accumulation
nm.i.lv i.f a !:; of counoay. His salary at
no time i-wr xevi drd &GMt ra-r armnHi and
ids estate wii! qual 100 ,000.
Anotueb Out. Mr lalhrfi has eiven
25.1100 to l'l illips Aa . my. Atduver,
Mass. Pcab.idy is a jrxncr&i.- m'-.q, and wise
in his generosity. Ferhuj Le might be
:i.d::rui t . U-stoWafiro engu.- . n St. Al
lans, il the yillrgc was siipph 1 with a
'tttrrn. Sr. AHa-s Metstngcr.
ueatd .i i.iviik a. iole .l the orn
ing of tbe struggle be was in the enjoyment
oi an excellent position in tnc city or C hie'
go, which he sui rendered to accept a lieuten
aney in the S8tb Illinois, onr ol the 1-ardest
li;I.ting Regiments of Hat lighting Mate
it rerryville, at Stone Riyix, where his
Brigade eooiaiandcr, t!ic gallan: Sill, was
killed, at i'hicamauga, Lieut. Cole fought
wish ii c u'ni'js: gr.iuiitry.
at uriattan'iori the rtrtii Hi. ,u,s at
tached to (lenl. I. II. Sheridan's Division,
atd wl ilehadiug his cuii;any in t..e cele
biatrd charge upon tlu- i, lights. IJeut. Cole
u-reiv.a a nvcrc Millet wound in the left
arm which permaEeTtlv disabling it threw
him out (H seme.
Since hi di--'. jrg- Irom tbe army Jlr
tVlc had lux ii .r...iifly imploded in basi
ntfs. nnj !,.id '-at ju-t reached a new field o
Jab-r in Mi-i-is-ippi. when be was attackei)
wii.. t'.t iiir hieh terminated his life.
A i . 1. manly, camMc voung n an l.ewill
in - r. . Kiy uioiiined , all who new him
in thi.- e mmimitv. Tm A.
Ulith ci bHNAT .r. Uav. Hon. Jlcrrick
O'iy, a Snator from tl c county cf indsor.
dud .i: Li- resi'i-n'" in (invsville. on Weil.
nin: inor-ii.-ig, T.I tm ..nd uUe-l.alf o'clock,
of tiie :;mh.-c ol tlx- heart, aged sixty-four
tcais
Mr. G.iy -as, jr nearly thirty years,
tow n clerk of the town ol Stockbridge, and
lor nearly the fame length ol time was rst
master at G-y-wile. lie represented the
t-.wn f.r four t-rs in tbe General Asstm
biy, Lnd in 1kC was elected to the Senate
lr.m n motor county, and served with great
fidelity. He wa.-. u-chcUd to the present
benute. !iut was unaUc to take his seat.
Walton's Journal.
If th policy of Andrew Johnson is defeated
befcre the rieeple, it is the work ef Andrew
Jobcson.and his immediate advisers at Wash
ington. Argus.
True as preaching , crd with the help of
the Kcpuhlican jarty it has been pretty well
One of tbe passes by whit the Pacific
il 1 f I II Ml la t-r arov. il... 1 J
..,wi7 iHuutc lucifji, i uu
. U. A. It. I.. ItE.NEDlCT.
EDITORS AMD rBOPRIErOBS.
FRllIvY MORXIXfJ. NW'EMBER lG.VsGC
TIIGWHEKLV FREI'. lMtJS
Tnc BuEUsaros Wmklt Fnxs Tttrss is puli
lbhed every Friday morning, and contains the
latest news; reports of Boston markets and Cam
bridre Cattle Market ; fall State, County and ocal
ntellisenee ; well selected Miscellany, Ac, dc
c can as-, outlay will le spared to make it a ro
U'jle, lotercf ting ani valuable family journal.
The clreulation cf the Fees Tncss exceeds that
of any paper in the region, and it It. therefore, an
unrivalled medium for advertisers.
We desirs to give additional attention to the -esl
newt cf the various towns in till and adjoining
Counties, la which our Weekly has a numerous cir
culation, and shall esteem it a favor if our reader
will forward us any items of Interest.
Specrti of
Hon. Ceo. I.
Senator.
liilniunil-, U.
BrroRE tu Licislatcu or Vir."NT
Uctobcr 24th 1S66.
I Reported for the Record.
Mr. President, Fellow Citizens of the two
Homo of the Liyislature : It is naturally
to be expected that on an occasion of thi's
description, the first duty of one of the citi
zens ol the Stntc of Vermont who lias re
ceived so lately at your lands the almost
unanimous expression of your confidence and
favor, should lc as it i certainly
In !iret pleasure to return to you
Lin fervent acknowledgements lor the honor
vo-u have conferred upon him acknowledge
ments tiiat arc not tbe inert: formal cxnrcs-
fion wllich and ta.,0
, nUnthrtm the te4, .entimcnts of one
your ullovr citizens, who, Inning rceened
high honors at your hands it called upon
on bis part, to osumc high and weighty rc
spocsibilitir: responsibilities ivluch. at th'i
time, make these marks of your appreciation
while tl.cy arc all the inure gratilul to him
who addrcsHg you all the more serious and
en 'tous ; Iceause they are responsibilities
which i"u ful, as well as I, and which mu.-t
be met, as great recponsibilitics always must,
by unfl.ncbing fidelity, and by the ui'i-t
vig irous and heartlelt ptrseveranee to the
end.
The ijucstions gcntlcmen.which you have
invited us to address you ujon, the iiues
ti'ms ol the Constitutional Amendment now
pending before the Statis, and of tbe great
political issues which, in one way or another
hinge upon that amendment, arc eminent' v
practical quest-uns. Theorists and dil
raatcs may dream over them ; . htn.il
economists may write orations and utter
diatribes upon tbcm, as lai been done. I ut
after all, they arc really tbe i'k 'ti ms ol ti e
people; tbey are eminently nnj
practical questions qmstioi.-. v
eh
borne to the hourly i. n.-idtiMtion of c-.iry
man an j woman in the ejuntry li.e grc.it
future, in a large degree the r.at future
not only of our own nan n but "I .ill n-.ti n-
depends upon how these ;;rc.i! ipue rti--r.
lire luw to be tolid.
There arc opj using the ;i TI.e ni
lion is over. The orm.rf nUlli.!. i-..vir. I
say the aimnl rebellion Ucau-c ..u can not
tail to perceive that although tiie clank of
arms has ceased, yet the reUl'i.n itself is
mhI1 ovtr. PnciMly the sauf -j int. r("ei6c
ly the same motives, precisely t!a s..iue pur
pose arc manifested to-day tL.i' i la re we're
two years ago.
Now it is maintained, giutlctui' . I kr. .w,
it is maintained by high Executive auth jrity.
maintained by a proclamation wnich only a
few months since was issued, that rcaec
blessed, white-robcel peace cxir-ted throug',
out the borders ol this land ; that order wn
restored: that personal lilnr'y wa- p.g.un
secured and that therefore nery p.ir ol the
country should again be reinsentid in tnc
national congress. I am sorry that we e ,n
not unite with that great authority m ho
onding that proposition. Ii the truth were
so, 1 am sure there is ni je.iple within t!u
limits ol this Union who would bail it with
gnater satisfaction than y uir-ilve-. 'I here
is no people, north or south, tatt or west.
who dceiro eacc more sinri'lj than w- do.
UUt, genileiuvu. r are teoold in tin- strn;'
glefor political and national life wc arc t o
old to believe against the tacts, that that ex
ists) which does nof exist. With almost the
same breath that brought ui tLis sounding
proclamation, the telegraph brought us the
news oi the not at Memphis and the massa
cre in N'ew Orleans ! It i. w bring us the
news that over all the 'sunny south,' from
bill to hill, from hamlet tu l.anilct, tliL-e
who have stood by tbe government and the
flag, arc still pursued by the same old re
lcnllise spirit of vindictive scorn the sau.'
old scorn of northern liberty and northern
institutions that abounded beiure. itu
proclamation, gentlemen, of who !i I Iwu
spoken, is not trie!
This, then is the situation. The tjuthem
States, which have been in rebellion ai.J
whose armed resistance to the government
has been overwhelmed, found themselves, at
the end of the contest, entirely disorganized,
so tar as the practical operations of tin ir
government went. ( I am not now taking up
tue disputed theory as to whether any re
bellious State was in tbe I'niun or out of the
Union which question reminds me very
forcibly of a scriptural one, as to whether a
certain apostle was 'in the 1-ody or out of tbe
body' we all know that practically these
States were found without any organized
government.) The original organized com
munities with their laws, officers, and ma
chinery, had been scattered to the winds by
the rebellion. These States, tbeu, wc found
in a disorganized condition. Ol this there
is no question Ihcrc ran be no question
even ihe chief expounder, hitneell, of this
theory oT brcthcrlv love the head and front
of ibis brotherly love proposition informs
us in a proclamation issued May 2.', ltG5,
that the SUtc of North Carolina, having re
belled, and its rebellious government having
oein conquered there existed no power what.
ever within the State to reorganize civil
government. And lie informs us of the
truth. It had no man within its borders
who, by law, was entitled to set it up
again, as ii one ol your school di-tricts
so .mm lose its orgamiation by non-clcction
' mc uisinc; exists, ii you please,
ut there is no man in tlx. Hi.trict mom I
i
than another who has any right to set it on
'ce-i. again, rim inc aistricl exists as
much as it ever did. Now that was the ex
act condition in North Carolina on the 21th
ol Jlay, IRbo. It was their true condition.
.nd lure arises the first cardinal difference
between tbe President and Congress-. As he
ngnttully says, these States were disorgan
ized communities, und he goes forward "and
u ouci lanes io eicciarc tliat it belongs to him
to make laws for States, to revitalize States
and communities, and declare who anion"
tne citizens of these States should exercise
mo uigu privilege of tho elect m rni.l.im
Gentlemen, it will v ell
.... um eijiTumcni oi inc
President in ntwlimailm r i oo.i.
. --- - i -o"j -oiu,
jcuo. ii uecins oy iruiv acclarin!!-that tlij.
iv.Miiii,;iii.'i'.iij c..4
ik i V- j - "'"-J ""'a requires
That is true. That bv lorcc of the reMlinn
the form and substance of government had
.t. L.i r i j . 7
Clares therefore, I, Andrew Johnson, set
iO CA1EI. 11131 IS irUP. nin tl tlr.- I
up this government I declare teat no man
shall lie rntillrel In rn. :i I
any ol the executions laid down in il,;
proclamation, and that others must conform tcrest of aristocracy and agsin-t the interest
to certain other declared regulations and freedom and eeiuaiity, and this tho Dcmo
when thev shall have thus hmiinht t,r.m. mii ,.r
. " --a,- "V im
Ue-YAi11.1-0 r.??D,'?rlait7 , wi'a, .mj wi". ihJ
n .1 "U'V" uuiawiuiiy cntiticu to
. eoe. pwwicgcs oi ciuzcnsuip,- etc. to
XoW, eentlcmCn. here, in Ills nnfinn r
tvtm,i, , " ' v. ,
' uoieti 13 ouu eziruinai nnn Tniioni
uiuercncc between tbe policy of tho Prcsi
J.ent .T 'my policy,' as it is called and
. ...
tnc policy ol Congress. It u true that bv
It:.. I V...C- ..... 4 : I, -.. L'. . J
.w vwuoumuuu iuu ejmieu orates guar
antee oi each btate a republican form of
government. It is true that the Constitu- before they force themtclvcs upon yourrenrc
tion to the United States mates ihn Pr.,;. Entni;r. n. .r.e.iii i..
acnt tnc onicf txccutivc officer, and the
same ionsutution also declares how tho
United States shall do a great many other
it ,.r. .1 rv . "77 V. . I lii
uiuo , uoH lanus snail dc rcculatcd. etc.
V - e certain iningg, I
. . - . , o i i
taid other thinirs. Saw. what ifnntr th
cojoiuo upvu iuciu mo aomg ot ccr. I
Stoto or the United Stoles faii to cxecuteany meV o, dunnthc k days of tnc war
nnfee&J?? of th V t0 thetrgovemmentlnd0 their fl
thlR
. ' "
nut Lsiwriv, Tezxtte
Liberty, rePrenUtive republican ponderanca in tbe Soutbern SUtu. and the the
liberty, in such a cube-w .'.Id Ik. at :m end
Therefore, I think I nny aim t nunie that
it U to the laumalint poirtr that tl.c sulu
tion of such questions bclongs The theory
of this Tcrnmcnt '3 toc l'rrsident i.
what he is described to be the Executive
officer or the nation. It is his business to do
the people's will, not, to declare it for theni
It is the business of yourfclve, thrjuhyour
representatives in Congrcxs, to declare ichat
lam is or shall be. and it U hi hueins t.i
put your will in cxicuti.m not his own.
The rightful disposal f this question there
fore rested with the Representatives of the
people, because there was no hw in lorcc
providing for such an exigency. Xi pn vi
sion liad been made for it by law.
Now, gentlemen, if you will lardnti me
for a moment, you will see the diOcrrnec in
effect and result to which this first step of
tire President lias bru.iht ns. Had we in
sisted on submitting tlii- whole matter to
our Kcpresentatives do y-iu fancy that reluli
wlio just laid down their arms would have
been thought suitsMr and nr.inrr upnii . r
,..,t..; r- i, . . r.i"
I,"1.. ,,'t ' X,.r' r -'1 M"? J"
think von woufd have d-clirrd that if there
,- . . , ' :
men in tn
Stole it should be to thim and to no othrs
that the work of itorganuation should be
subrnttted ! Ut that have Ken done, and
then in a condition lar mrc hvorahlc to
such an end Iliac tiie y arc now. They were
ready to conform to the just requirements of
the loyal North. Rut where dowc find our
tclvcsnow? We find the Chief Executive
undertaking to usurp tbe rightful jiowtrs atd
prerogatives or the e . pies' Representatives
and reorganizing cvciy one of the rebellious
States on the same lu.-is, and in the same
old oligarchical and anti-re publican spirit in
which they existed before. On the one sidt
is the theory of brjtUrly love, and ire are
t shut our eycH and ears to everything
which comes from any otlnrquartcr, and wc
arc to b. licve ag-!in-t" the evidences of our
senses aud the instinct of our bcart.s that
there is peace : arc 1 1 admit to con
trolling iolitii-.il j o.ur in those States all
those who have imbri.ed iheir hands in the
blood of out son.- and brothers f.ud even of
their own fellow citizens, who remained
stcdfjst and tun- to the flag during this
grc.it rebellion ' tin the other iJ- ii the
hard fact which wc have to deal with that
thire is disorder, that there is rebellion,
t! at there is wrong which it is the highest
duty of the loyal men north and - -ith to
soppri. And il is proposed th.it thi shall
be done by Cungrev by your Ki p-i .-f na
tive's. It has been their "aim to do it tenirs
eratelv, but kn.ily, and it is the h.li pr". -rogatne
With w i.ich you have invested ti.-u.,
under the C ;:.-iitutioo. It will be I tl.c
dignity and security of tbe whole countiv
not the north alone, but the s.uth also, that
the law ni iking power should do it. Im.-
Cnngre-si demand the r.ititleation of t! u
c n-ututional amendments, and 1 think tl.ey
have the right to claim that this demand i
r.ut unreasonable, that it can scarcely be
ited by any person but tliat it is juft
and right. The cunvcntiun of rebels, demo
cr..ia and friends or tbe President, which
n.et at Philadelphia for the express and
avowcu purpcec ol opposing the policy ot
ixongrcss, oared not to put upon paper one
worn oi condemnation, one word ot criti
cism, one word about these constitutional
amendments, with this one varue execution
tbe most momentous question ot the day
is dismissed, by that bxly ol men. who
claimed to icpics. ut lioth tbe n ,rth and the
south, when Massachusetts and South Car
olina came, in brotherly love, arm and arm
into the convention, with these words :
'We revere the Constitution aa it was band
ed down to us by our fathers.' Th it sen
tence dismisses the constitutional amend
ment from tliar notice. Thev do not ap
peal to the north or the s,ulh to assent to it
oi reject it. Ihey 'pi's i: by on tiie other
side, as did the Ixvite.
Now tnen, gcntbroei-, what do these
amendments require? Tbey declare, first
that all persons born in the United States
.-hall be deemed to be citizens thereof. Some
I revision of this kind has been rendered nec-ce-aary
by the infamous Dred Scott decision
which was that men of color were not eiti
. i.-and had no rights or privileges that
white men were bound to respect. It ia
th- r. ! re necessary that tbe supreme law at
the l.ind should declare who are and who
arc citizens of tbe United States Then
it deel ire s, in the second place that whenever
the right of franchise and suflrage is denied
any rti n oi the mak- population of voting
nc in any State tie representation of that
ritatc '.M be proportionably reduced. By
tlo e ustitution as it now stands two-C(th
ol the slave population were excluded, while
threx-fifths were admitted to representation
L eider the constitution as the law now regu
lates it, ti e- whole number of reprcscntutives
in tbe U. S. C-mrcss is of which there
came from the fret States 157 and 8i f:om
the slave State. Slavery, howt ver, has bc
e .toe abolished and illegal, those who were
r-l.iuiare now eitirens and the southern
Matt-, under the constitution ti it now
stand.-, arc entitled to representation for the
wh de number ' The law of the southern
States lrctludc the right of slaves aud also
ut l.ee col. n i persons, to vote. Although,
therein :t . t: c colored citizens arc trprestn
ttJ ti.e y ar denied the right of suflrage;
they have iio light to vote or exercise any . i
the lur.etuns which b long to any ni -nm
his p ditical eajocity. Inomscquenc. i t!,0
aholiti. n of slaverv, the soutL'Tn itt -gain
as the clear print ol their rt 1- Mi-n a
proportion oi just taetvr and ont . lit intui
hers in congress, for their slave - who h.nt
never, he-ret ol'otc, been represented yet the
limit by law. of the wide numlwr id repre
sentatives is 242, then '-ire this twedjc and
one-half n. mix rs are 1 1 be deducted from
the rcprcre.,tatijn the north has heretofore
enjoyed. Ihe consequence of letting the
thing stand as it now i, is to take twelve
members iroin the loyal north and hand
them over to the rebil south ! This s the re
sult which the President ol the United States
and bis party call up .n the jeople ol this
Union to sin-tan. ' It m cms only necessary to
state a proposition of tint character t.i show-
its gross niiurtic ; and I think I .u-iv ehal
Jengc contiHilii'ti' n on this joint cspt-cially
oeeoii- men ii oouy oi men as youis. IVeS. A
proposition ol this character is manifestly
unjust, it is unreasonable. It strikes at the
lunaation ol Itepu'ilican equality. Further
t(. uh.il. ..,.'. r ..i ........... ;:
.......... . ... . i jinn iiL..t,,ir. tit ceni-
gross to which t! e old slave States would be
entitled unde r the
tuesent constitution wouM
be 'Jl .11 ol whom would represent a nopu-
i.i .ii oi coi reel citizens who arc not allowed
tbe rieht- or privilege.- wuich.io governments
at all free iaie iigardid as Moncing to citi
zens, .ivuii in uiluition io tliat, according to
tbe Drcd .Vott dccinoii, tbey belong to a
class who never ran become citizens nd
hy is it that there sluiild he soch an on
tioeition to granting the negro the right of
iraocbisc and sol) rage lfy the constitution
oi tue L nKeil states, any man, who at th
expiration ol live years shall have lived
I cn.iueu to assume tne garb ol full citizen
Li;n...i .i-:.e r ..
uuu tiuuK iuk nguu oi a citizen any
man Miwnt nrrro v ...i 'r
" . . s""'"e. ii
mi ixinsiicueion is not amendeel so that there
in tic a true republican equality in the
tion. the ccntus nf lh7(l e.ill fin.i .i.-J
frrr eil ivin.i r l.ui .... ai... .
one - third -d the States ol this Union with a
i -v.. - r euo iujt eyiannt
cal system that ever existed in nnr mr.
rinrHJnlatinn hi&xi nrn l.n . .
ment having ihe semblance of freedom cvm-
.n.j t" .. . 'UUIi LJU
- wa. aims a II ailt.il lull I IlClDSCl VS
Dcmocrate - rcquist the people of this coun-
try io sustain : Ihis is adoctrinc,-ei
igentlcmcn,
mii'Ii n mnri.mi,r ad ll.fj el .. .
which 1 can never assent '. To prevent
amendments are proposed, and upon them as
miic cuusiuutionai
a means to great and permanent eccurity
and peace, the masses oi the people stand
immovable. They say that the States that
have been in the icbcllion shall he f-el!il
upon to agree to this 'radical
constitution
Eentativesns entitled to make laws for you.
Concrcss prorises to do snmc niw ski
ll proposes to reach bv Irpulaiine, r..Js:
Das the powrcr and shall be ncctarv tht
! ; . ,""vm? ik soutii ana
wmcn crought ou the rebellion
poses, by ono ni
-i vuv uiMua oe uuuiaer, io restore
rM. i .::i r .e r-' :
1
tion
' Thp roa.ftw.)! - "
constitution eujs tlut 'iiieb .State rliall reg
ulate the right of suffraj. within its own
txjrdcrs. But, gentlemen, the government
ol a State which tat taken up arms against
the "cncral government and has thereby 1k
oonc disorganized in all its civil funetiona
and has to be lifted ut ai the 'sloujili of des
pond' into life. 1 tako it, is s-ibjcct to the
reformation of IVngtes?, and 1 think that
b.idj whin it assembles on thelouithof
December next wil lie perfectly competent j
t. take the cxerei-o of this faculty of gov- .
ernnunt out o! the- bands of the Executive. I
The governments which Imvc been organized j
in the southern States, therefore, having i
been organized by the Executive and not the ,
laTV-niaking power of the government, arc
in the civil sense unconstitutional, and are j
merely military or provisional, and the re
prcscntativcs of the people have a perfect i
right in my opinion, to make a law which i
shall reorganize every southern State, and ,
as a necctMry precedent thereto to dcvlarc ,
who shall tc entitled to vote and under what j
circumstances. And then wc shall, I hope, ;
i as tlio l'resnlent lnmsell tun declared, give
the oSee, and lucrat.ve portions even wh, re
as tho 1'resi'tent himself hat declared, give
I anJ '"re Iny "ud" ,bc P"1
I eminent, to the "loval men who have
, .." " i i ' ,. a. .
P " "u"Df . ,i .....id-
r' t, 1 ,, ,-,.,8 1 ty-eight years to do miliUry duty, except those
jJh jj Irremen 1 ltJevchat ' nw exemptel and such as enlUted for three
2--fl- n. be amended in sue.l,.!Tfar8in,hcU,ew.r and were honorably d-
' 'nal laac ."" """" " "u "
me C0ernmeni piaccu in me nanus oi
i : ...:n i .j...!.,,. ,! ,r;tK..i
cruelty and with justice. '1 ho result then
will be, that the Union men of the south,
500 .000 ol them or more, who stood by ''.e
flag through fire, treachery, murder, uwaa
sinatibn ami every evil that cm be con
ceived, will bold office and will guarantee
protection in all personal rights, at the
south which is protccti- n to the ri Ms as
Union men.
There is therefore, giutlcmcn, no practical
difficulty whatever in the way id rendering
a solution of this question l-y Congress in a
manner that will settle forever the matter as
to who have lost their right to exercise p w
cr by treason and rebellion. Hut alas that
the accident of the death ot that laniertcd
man ilt. Uncoln should have brought us to
tho present unsettled condition of things '
When Congress shall hive dtilarel the
people's will to tbes. disorg-tr :i i e -luui.i-nities,
it is the duty ot the Preside! t to -ee
that the law is executed and a!! (e ;.l pro
tected under it. Its riwer dots not extend
to the sword. It does not extend to the i
ecution of :he law it makes. Its functions
are directly considered at an end when tbe
law is pasM-d. Then il is the dun of the
Eievutiu' t put into ru -ri'i.in the will of
the js iple enilmtud in the laws. The
Constitution re j i-.st!us p iwe-r in the Pre
sident. Il we have any dith ulty, which I
blew- all n t i .ni . it will be frm the
neglect of the Cbicl Exceuiivc of the nation
to carry out the will of Congress thus de
elared. Wc may at least be assured of one
thing. If we steadfastly adbcre with true
courage and true persistency, such as the
north has shown thus lar, wc uiay be abso
lutely certain that in the i nil wc shall
achieve the. result. Great fundamental re
forms arc not the work ol a m inicnt, they
d not spring up like the flowers in the
morning sunshine. They arc sometimes the
work ot wears or of centuries. A p-oplc
true to the instincts of a rcpubliran form of
government, though tbey may be met by
many obstacles in the way, arc n such
struggles lure, in the end, to gain a s li i
and a lasting progress and peace. 1 have
already occupied more of your time than I
intended. There are many other tonics up. n
wbieh I should have bcea glad to speak, bat
the distinguished gentlemen who are to lol
low me will lay before von these great mat
ter in a manner which I am sure will be
much more acceptable to you thus any thing
I could do.
- '""-'li I ,1111 UUIHtllHIl l . . . . .. J .
Correspondence of the Fret 1'iess.
I'KOJt MO.VTPKI.IKlt.
Mosvrcut, Nov. 10, 1m;.
.Uirwrs. Editors:
Among the bins bow pending is one which it
is a great wonder was not enacted into a law
years age. One of th meat troubkiome problerr.s
la baataeeaa I the cttUaf ot iaMmt oa motes,
open whisk partial paynenta have beea ma le.
Aritbmeticiaiis do not agree in the rale which
they give and business men differ in their meth
ods. The pendi ng bill propose to secure sim
plicity, eertainty, and uniformity by declaring
that oa ail notes, whether payable on demand,
or at a specified time, with simple interest, pay
stents ahall be applied, tint, to l:.uidate the
interest that has accrued at the time of such
payments, and then totbeextioaaUliCKnt cfthe
principal. Where interest is payable annually,
the auaal interest that remain unpaid shall be
subtest to simple interest from the time they
become duo to the time of final settlement. Dat
if in any year, reckoning from the time och
annual interest began to accrue, payments have
been made, such payments shall be applied,
first to liquidate the ample interest that has ac
crued from-.k unpaid annual interests, scund-
ly, to liquidate the annual interests that have
become due, and finally to the eitingu shment
f the principal. This bdl, if it becomes a law.
w.d est ild'sB a simple and uniform method of
ndjatinc partial fragments, and saves great
h vl of icr.ta.tM n and l'.ti:aticn.
n ep'-w'; o'jirrsl to-day in the Senate
Cram'-er, to tLi.u no pen but that of a Dickens
could do justice. The Senate is ez-offiew an
exceedingly grave and formal body, but its gra
vity wa this morning transformed into uproar
ious disorder. Several bills' were sent in from
the House, to change the names of sundry per
sons, and constitute them heirs-at-law of mndry
other persons. Senator Reed opposed the second
reading, and gave as i substantial reason for so
doing, that there is a eeneral law applicable to
all such cases, by which names can be changed
cn application to the Probate Ci urt. The Sen
ate unanimously refused tbe second re i ling, and
proceeded to do tbe sitae with several successive
bills, till one of the Senators, in his eagerness,
answered '-no," when the "ayes"' were called
fur. A s)i:ht smile rippled around the cbam
ber, gntbenng in.etrengtb as it went. Jlills of
the tame kind continued to be presented, anil
tbe ruibles of the Senators became mure and
more disturbed. The President and Secretary
bad thus fir kept tbeir face in good order, but
the Secretary's voice began to tremble with the
effort to restrain himself aa he read tbe bills the
first lime. To relieve him, a Senator gasped out
a nwtien that tbe bills U read by iheir titles
only, but it came too late, and as the Secretary
attempted to read an unusually ridiculous name,
1 broke down completely, the President (ol
lowol suit, anil the Senate was compelled to ad-
journ, in the midst ot what A. Ward. Iio.
would call "skremts of laftute." If some mod
era Hogarth could have been present, he would
have had a scene worthy of his pencil Seuat.
ors, officers, and speeUtirs were, with hard!
an exception, holding their sides, in convnhtons
of laughter, one of the Senators purpled in the
the face and tears, running down his cheeks
with his desperate efforts to keep the peace, and
in tbe midst of all the confusion and misrule,
rai inc venerable fccnator Kellogg, not in the
least relaxing
"The grave and stern decorum of the eoun'.e-
nance he wore,'
Tl.. , . ... .
a senate as II meelttatiBZ upon
the weightiest affairs of State, nothiazbut
a slight twinkle in his eyes indicating that any
thing unujual-was going cn around him.
The House this afternoon had the rare expe
rience ot an executive veto, and exhibited much
more respect for it than Congress ihowj for
Andy a performances in that line. The Gover
nor returned the bill .to incorporate the Cam.
bridgeport Manufacturing Company, with the
objection that it did not contain the usual
cliuss forbidding the withdrawal of the capital,
without which clause, debts arrainstthe Mrrwira-
" o 1
rnisht posiibly become worthless. The bill
b,JronJ ,hc rtacb ef n.endments, and the
,.RUl!... al . a 1 .
hill Ms...i.uun,;.. ',u
. ' ,u, viyeeeiuu VI
the (Jovernor?" On this question, the vote
was, yea 1, nays 150.
An ineffectuil attempt was made to-day to
exclude all new busircts, by a joint resolution
that no new bill shall be introduced into cither
bouse after Monday next, without the unani
mous consent of both houses. This resolution
pasted Ihe House, but the Senate refused to con
cur. The Senate altcrwards adopted a resolu
tion of its own that no bills shall be introduced
after Monday next without unanimous consent,
and that on and after Tuesday next it will hold
evening sessions. These are signs that the end
of the session is drawing near.
W.
Correspondence of the Free Tress. 1
l O.H MONTPIUiIClt.
MoxTPKXiEn, Nov. 13, 1866.
Almost at the litest hour when by tbe terms
of a meat resolution bills could be introdueeU
.
in either bouse, a militia bill made its appear
ance, modifying in some important partkalars
it.. - - Lie it nnniiH erverv able-bodied
"" '
! cU!lc,, My,tn ,hc '8sof i"totf-Mtaa lrtn'
. ch rge.1. It exempts the pons ot tucn persons
. , ,. , , n nlv mmnmuiinn
"LUl
It reqniies two company drills annually, one in
June and ene in September, and one regimental
drill annually, between the second Tuesday in
September and the hist day of ctoter, ami al
lows fcur cents a mile commutation for trans
portation, and thirty" cents a day commutation
for rations, on occasion of each company and re
gimental dull. The bill is not a very long one.
but there i-n:..!.ri-,l in it for a good deal of
discussion.
The Stite Reform School has received a good
deal of attention from thiLegalature. Kirly in
the Kts'on, a special cernmittfe of three Senator
and five Representatives was appointed to visit
and examine tbe school. Tbey report that the
management of the school ir, ia the raain.esed
lent ; that tbe superintendent and his associate
are enthusiastically devoted to their work, and
that tbe pupil are receiving -rateable discipline
and 'msxTBetion. la their opinion, the interests
of tbe State require the esuUiahrMst of a sim.
ilar school for girls, as Boon as th state of the
treasury will allow, bat tbey do sot recommend
any pretest appropriation for that parpme. A
bill ii rted by ibis committee has passed the
the Senate and is now pending in the House.
It disallows tbe admission of boys above sixteen
yean okl, bat provides that boys under that
age, not only who have ben convicted ef crime,
bat whose parents or guardians may think an
experience ia the Reform School would be far
the correction of their mirals, may be received
into tbe institutian, under order of the Probate
Court, the parent or guardian payia: rack part
of tbe exMcees a may be agreed upon. Tat
will make the school ia part a boarding-choel
for unruly boyr, and if a tithe of those who are
it subiects for it an suit to it, the place will
speeddy Uccmc too (trait for them.
Minks, mnskrats and trout, have by turn re
ceived grave attention from the legala'ure, but
dogs nave been left ia undisturbed repore till
yesterday, when an elaborate dog bill wa
trvxtaeed and commended to the consideration of
tbe cammittie on Ways and Means. The author
of tic trill acted with noble independence of the
ordinary rale of gnmmar aad rhetoric, and
the result ef bis labor exceeded in interest any
other bill of the aesnea. Tbe House stubd
aadibly, at the clerk, with his ttestenan voice.
slightly tnbJped cat ef regard to the aadienct
:a tbe gallerka, read tbe provkdoca of the bid.
Its chief feature the rm petition of a tax of oat
dollar a year on male degt aad five doHara on
female dog. Whether tbi was designed as as
tavtelsa dtaerimiaatioa acaiatt male docs, or a
Complimentary discriminatioa ia favor cf female
dog, the author v ill probably teD vis when tat
bin cemes ap for diactusien. Dog are required
to wear ctllart aad lor neglect to do to the own
er ia liable to a One of five dollars, half to the
"ccmrdainant," and half to the "treasury
where tat dog resides.' ' With singular appro
priateness, the bill ia mad to take effect oa the
lit day cf April next.
The bill making iatemperaac a ground of
divorce ia dead at last. Peace to itsathes
Tbi afterneco, Senator Martin of Orange, mad
tbe final ape ecu ia its favor. His argument was
aln.Bg aad well-put, and if the question had
been Shall the law for suppressing rumgelling
and intemperance be enforced to the very bat
degreee cf severity ? the argument would hav
beta unanswerable. Bat ia it application to
this bill it was very speedily answered by Sen
ator Skinner cf Orleans County. Tbe question
wa oa rtccnaidering the vote by which the bill
wa patted when th Staato was not fall. Th
reexrurideration vat carried by a vote of 15 to
13, aad the bill was reject ed by the tame vote.
Senator Soule of Franklin County wa the oaly
absentee, but his vote could not change the re
sult. It wat well remarked by Senator Skiaatr
that though the bill was only two lines aad a
half long, it was fraught with coriteqtHnoK of
the greatest magnitude. The reader of the
Free Prets will therefore liks to know how
their Senator and others voted on the final
juestion. These who voted for the bill were
Senators hue, Tsft, and Barttow (of Chitten
den County,) Clapp aud Harlow (of Franklin,)
Reed, Orcutt, jnd Henry (of Washington).
Cochran, Dale, Ue. Martin, and .smith. Those
who voted against it were Senators-ltaker. Bar
rett, iiorr. lloton. Hood hue, Harlow. lleneJee.
Hone, Hyde, Kellocs. Porter. Hoot. Sanborn.
nn atmner. v.
Dtwu or John Hbdi.it. The intelli
gence of the death of John Bradley, on
Sunday, has been received with sorrow by
many who knew bim well in our community.
He came to Burlington from Williston.morc
than thirty years ago, and became a member
of the heavy and widely known wholesale
and forwarding firm of Follett .t llradteys,
Subsequently, the construction of the rail
roads, which then were beginning to cover
the country, offered a congenial Eeld lor his
energy and enterprise, anJ be entered it with
the enthusiasm which was part of his na
tare. Ho was engaged thenceforward as
contractor, projector and director, in the
construction of many hundred miles over
seventeen hundred it is stated of rntlwav.
He was first, wc believe, contractor on the
Rutland .t Burlington Road ; then on one
in Pennsylvania; then was heavily concerned
in the Chicago Fbn du LacRoad in Wiscon
sin, and at different times, in ono way or
another, in a number ol Western roads.
His last railroad undertaking was the con
struction of a railroad lrom Houston, Texas,
to Orelou-as, La. Tliir was interrupted by
the outbreak of the war, and is still incom
plete.
Mr. Bradley was a man of high and gen
erous impulses, ol untiring industry, and of
an activity and enthusiasm, which was
dampened by no obstacle, and which no re
verses could overcome He was often annar-
tntly on the road to fortune ; but lost money
as readily as he nude it, through the very
earnestness and disregard of minor details, 1
With which he grasped at creat results. '
Had he lived, however, to sec the accom- '
plisLmcnt ol bis last enlcrrr.se. it is rrub. '
able that it would haic made cood nil his I
losses, and brought liim great wealth. j
His funeral took t!aco from the Unitarian
church. Rev. L. G. Ware's, Tbutsdayforc
noon at 10J o'clock.
Yoi'SG Men's Association. Ax.-.-i-al Mizt
in'c. The annual meeting ol the Young
Men's Association of this city, occurred on
Tuesday evening, and excited unusual in
terest. Though it is of course the roost na
tural thing in tho world, in such an Associa
tion, that all should not be wholly of one
mind as to choice of ufieert, the previous
elections have been wry quiet affairs. This
time, Iwwcver, though the ticket favored by
tbe minority was only suggested a Jay or
two b.Ioro election, quite a lively canvas
ensued. The result of the friendly utrife was
the addition of over 70 new members, a
pretty extensive renewal of ccrtificite of
membership the receipts from tho two
sou roes amounting to $577 and the election
of the following excellent list of officer :
President. P. 1). Dallou.
I'ice frenVeiifa.R. S. Taft, C. W. Wood
bouee. Managers. T. i: Wales, Sayltt Niekolt,
Geo. II. Itigelow, G. G. Uenedict, U B. Bagkf
by, R. W. Chate, E. A. JewetL
Mr. Ballou, who succeeds Ur. (i. II. Big
clow (who declined a re-election) , has been
one el' the vice president, has shown a hearty
and intelligent interest in the Association
from its start, and will undoubtedly make
an esetllent and acceptable president. The
vote stood as follows :
for President?. D. Ballon, 110; G. 0.
Benedict, ft!.
For Vice Presidents Rattstfl 8. Taft. 110;
C. W. Tcslhonse. 112; P. D. Balloa, -j'I; M.
II. Backham, 1; L. 0. Ware, 1.
For Secretary W. L. Baratp, 171
For treasurer Chat. A. Sumner, 171.
For Managers Torrey E. Wales, 161 ; Sayles
Xichols, 128; Gee, H. Bigelow, 117; 0. O.
Benedict, 109; L. B. Ea&tby, 100; R. W.
Chase, 107; E. A. Jewett, 09; L. 0. Ware. 70;
II. H. Talcott, 64; . O. Wires. Go; a W.
Woodhow. 60; J. R. Hickok, C:t; L. L. Law
; Henry Ballard. 1; M. H. Backham.
1 ; B. L. Benedict, 1; W. A. Crombie, 1; N. J.
Finney, 1.
Tbe stecting adoped an amendment to
the constitution making the annual dnes
hereafter $3 instead of $2.
CrsTOat llocsa Ctusois. Jeu btanoard
ha made tbe following recent appointments
of Deputy Collectors : Lieut. E. L, Kibbard,
deputy at East Berkshire, vice M. J. Hill,
removed : Lieut. (eo. II. Siwles at Etst AI
burgb, vice Jed P. Ladd, removed ; and
Maior Geo. D. S wk at West Albargb,
vice Charles S-jwba, removed. The aca ap
pointed were soldiers, and those removed ci
vilians, through the war.
Wixooski. Among the new dwelling
houses in proettt of erection in Winooeki,
are two brick hoose building by Frank lv
cUir, one for hit own resideace, and another
lor a tenement house, to aceomeaoitate lour
families ; a neat brick cottage on Main St.
by Jonathan Newell : and new dwelling
houses of wood by John Mctircgor and J.
Upbam.
Rte tun biDiax. The KnglUb papers
announce that Mis Maria S. Rye ii prepar
ing to seed oat to New Zealand, twenty
f.imiiies and fifty tingle girl. Whether the
promise of "making their marki t" umon;
the Kew Zealacders, is pumh- ti e induce -menu)
held oat to the unmauied eL.m-ls, is
not stated. Perhaps Mi- live is goin;; too,
to look up a New Zeihii.d l ean, and then
again perhaps tbe New . nLtrders "don't
take Rye."
Chad. W. Scott, formerly ot (.I.ver. i.as
been earrying on a swindling bu---in( tor
some time which has landed him in jail.
He- was selling lightning rods lor another
man. and would cake Bote ol his customers,
add a cipher to the amount, hand them oter
tea hi employer, and pocket his couwtMsion;
or, having got cash, make no returns at at I.
His employer J. ii. r'elker of Barton, esti
mates bit loss by Sou's oppcrations at over
$3000. Scott is now in State's Prison In
New Jersey or three years.
Hisbbubob ACADFjf t. - The Fall Term of
the Hiattbargh Academy will close on Friday
the 16th iast. It has beea a very naccctaful
tettnoa, tbe taithfal attention to study oa the
part of the scholars having largely compensated
for the partial disability of the Principal. Oa
Thursday evening, Jaiues B. Asgul, President
of tbe Cnivertity of Vermont aad State Agri
cultural College, will address tht ttudenrs and
citizens. Thursday and Friday there will b a
partial examination, or review, tf some cf tat
classes, closing with the Rhetorical Eavrcaca
Friday afternoon.
Bi rrra. Butter sold at St. Albans mar
ket on Tuesday at 40 to 42 lor good, and 23
to 35 for summer lots.
Hon. W. C. Satin, received the congratu
lations oi his friends at the WcMen House
in St. Albans on Tuesday evening. We
were unable to accept a po.ite invitation to
be present ; but learn lrom the .weaseaoer
tbat over three hundred gentlemen from
Franklin, Chittenden, Grand Isle and other
Counties assembled, paid their respects
the M. C. elect, and partook of an elegant
collation. Tbe dining hall was decorated
with flags ard tbe tables with flowers,
Music was furnished by a band ; a poem by
J. b. U. Taylor, Esq., and speeches by
number of gcntletaen. without need of
stronger inspiration than that of the occa
sion and tea and coflee, which were tbe only
bevera-es stronger than water ; and
passed an exceedingly pleasant evening.
. . .
r.ieujuii uiwiT ti iiiTx, in a noto to an
mieiesung artless in loe iast ualaxy, pro
nounces the merit of Geo. V. Marsh's Lee-
tares on tbe Koglieh Language, to be '
. : n . L... . r - e i .... ,
isov tu iiwe ge buv UUUI.S OI WeKIBC! in
rjigliali Literature. ilu add that they are
in tire as tcxt-boikt in schools and colleges all
over England, and asks pertinently, "in how
many tchoois and colleges in tbe United
Slates are they so used
The public debt on
tbe 1st inst. was
$2,55 1(310,005 72, which ia a diminution
during the month of October of $22,026,
935 36.
Tub Lwsk or nit Wxsthin- Vt. R. K.
Tho Bennington lianner says of tho lease of
tho Bennington A Rutland (late tho West
ern Vt.) railroad, to the Vt. Central road,
for at Ieatt one year from January next,
when the old lease to the Troy .t Boston
road will excire :
The lease to Governor Smith, we are informed.
will provide for not less than two daily trains of
passenger cars each way ; for proper facilities
lor doing the local business on the road, at
rales, both for freight and passenger, that will
not exceed the charges on other Vermont reads,
and that if any road should te built South or
i est, connecting with our road at Bennington
or Shaftsbury, proper connections will be made
with It, forminj a through line from New York
to Montreal. We are assured that the interest
of the public has been well provided lor, and we
have no doubt that under the administration cf
Gov. Smith, our people will have no came to
complain of the change of its management frcm
tuo iujr u. jcsua company.
Gov. Smith, from his connections with the
v crmcnt cc Canada and Central railroads, has
peculiar facilities for directing business over the
road he has now leased ; and if tho bills now
pending before the Legislature for the piotcctioa
of ermont interests against the hostile combi
nations of foreign railroads ihould be passed, as
rat they will be, the through business
which naturally belongs to it will be permanent
ly secured, and Gov. Smith be induced to pro
long the lease. In inch cate the contract en
tered into between Ibt Rensselaer k Saratoga
fhf.i LeT,?'"&.B'tn roads for diverting a!!
he through ousinesa from our road for the next
ten years, will be rendered inoperative, and all
competing roads be placed once mor. .,, ,, r
footing.
tVinoesll.
Our butt line; Utile neighbor i. .
river is dieidediy on ito growth t-u ..
New houses are springing up. r w tu -,
faeturing establishments are unde
old ones are enlarging their busii.e -anr.wi
wholesome progress and pro i. .
aad
will have to be I. -.kin -
air, or the wHI fuxl hrrvtll .,
these days asking to be annexed t , W ,
ki.
A"Ske notable enmrsement. I
eason. is that of the eiteiv,
xucbui snors
of Messrs. Edwards k Steyen- i
not a very small aSair before .
bniUing with the vrood shops, a
tory, eke., in the rear, oeeupyr -62
by 195 Eret : a good portii n ,
(toriea high, and all filled with i.:
It proved altogether too scanty, hov
t!ie growing business, and thi
Mesua. Edwsrds A Stevens have e r
ditione which more than treble the a:n
tbeir accosassodatioos. They liavt .. :
th front a sojxttaatiaj brick exte i -i
124 feet front, and 60 feet deep. I
rear of this and ejrtending to the nve r
have erected a tpsjejonatwo ut
building measuring 115 by fecr
Of the brick extension alut i..:'.1 -pied
by the
Nr.w rocSDBr.
That is a eonvenVent and spacious .it! m
arranged that the coal and iron can '
livered from the level ofibct-tievi
ample space on its floor of 60 1 v '2 !'
crane which ''swings round the c!r it
tbe entire space ; a railway which -the
heavy eastings to the pickling :
and every convenience. It will n
Mess rs. Edwards & Sterecs, I-
bought ont the old foundry ,f.Me--,-len
cfc JubelL
The extensive addiuons ,..the,.,i.
nut Messrs. K. A S. to rent a p.. rti.
srace. Of this a cart is occupn-J
n 1
wi'1. .-saw Kxrrrixe racToav
Mr. U. Cole, whose axe-helve an :
spoke factory baa been lor a miiuU ,
an estahli shed instUatiun, has lately i
atcd with h'm a partner, Mr. Clil.ir. !
to his business a new branch of mine.:
ing, viz : the knitting of woollen '.v
and drawers. Messrs. Cole A Cili
goud part of tbe eastern wing. 1 ;
tbeir wool in the fleece, clcacst ' '.
card it, spin it i.-.o arn, ar.d ki it i;
SB-rliimry. At i-ei-tnt tbey r..
sii.sle set .f eaiejir.o ..rd knittn- n.i
whit b with loui -cwii-g mtelut-. -wrti.r
power, usrJ in Ci.ishing tli !
at.d wtapaeis, give cmploynieiit t
a zen hard1
SUt' 'Ssflll. a- it .-c..-tt-l
hind", t! 1 1
be ni-H-h tnlarged
It tie
fTlti T J. T - t
eH
sure l.i.
-po-eand ' 1
n.oil.i e sca.--i'.
e-', i IV k.
,e . ti er wir j; -
i e
relitld
Me -r.
fl-.r id l.i
to Me-fta
.rtn!e.il
T it. Dow i.. .
nd Frederit k. u .
irie-ry for mak .
hd for euto-, u
i e. . j.y it wit!
t-iir U and d
t! a: line.
Ihe old FvLtdry oi.,iing ha- 1 .
by Messrs. to.k a. Co.. who in ;
it I- r meltirg ar.d re tii ii g old ir
t. ei. patent ;un!.i.
li e motive wei tot all tbe-e- e
mei.tsk furnish'd by tw iTyltr wl
of .'! feet, and one -l
pli.J with watei 1:
rcai. Tne whole , i.
and fac;orks will !e
ct
du.lo
. m a new 'i .
... I..nc sl.e.j .
! ea'.td I y -i
veyed in tin pip -- (n.i' ii lire w.irrati'.i-.
bear a pressure cl l-'i fe. to tin- ineiij
supplied from a UiUr which vtiii ! e l.i .
with the savii:- i ia the pl.nu'v ;
cbices.
Ibe total area cj.e.td ty t ,
1
wilh the necessary apace fur eirivcwat- '
twecn them is about three ejuai tern ! n
acre, and as the buildings are lor the io
part two stories high, the actual 11 ...t i. iu
will fall little short ot an acre. W he n ti 11. .
with machinery and workmen, as it t ..i ,
will be, it will form, as all can see. a vt r .
important addition to the manufaetur :
industry of VTinooski.
We are informed that the pay r 11- i t .
various factories and nulb) at Wu.
already exceeds $30,000 a month. h n..
oar city Council in tbeir wisdenn, bar p. .-. ,
decide to go to the Falls tor venter I -. i
city, the large inercux. e povur t le gm .
by the erection of tbe proposed ni a Jim
will unquestionably add gn itly to
amount of capital invested on !,ot!isi!t- .
the river, and will make Winj. ski a .
more valuable neighbor lor Burlington.
Dkath of Ue. La wars cx or Veeoi ui
General Vitux Lawxiscs, one oft! cu.
esteemed and respected citixensot Ye r;- :.r -died
at tbe residence of his son-in I in.
Pierpoint, on Friday morning h-t Ii
disease was inflammation ol the I owe1-. 1
lAWrecee has served in many ciEcts , t
poosibility and trusteed died at t! eadv.iL -
age of 77 years.be loved and esteem, d ' v i
I'ertssnil.
lion. Merrick Gay, Senator lrui i
County died oa Wednesday morning
1!
was President of the White Rivt r Nati
Bank at Bethel, had been twice chosen S.r
ator, and four times Representative Ir i.
Stockbritige. He was one of the large
woolen manufacturers in the Stite and
man universally e teemed.
In tho Iwlstuir. on receiving u- vt -
bis death, reolo lions of rttpeet w. re ..s- I.
eulogies made, and both I looses r.el j.urr..-1
J. S. Spaolding, of Essex, has been i
pointed Deputy Collector. by tien. Stannar I
to serve em the passenger train from M
Johns lo St. Albans, rirr S. I). HopLui-
resigned.
Tbi S hoolmastr Absoad. The billow
ing is a notice ol a I t " Call" " whieh was
lately nailed up at tin- Winooski Po-t !
Oce .
Wixooski, Vt., X,ember 2, 1?'' "
Found A lleffer on the premisses oequipide
Peter Shtatt this w a spnng Uaa c "
White and red She is White en th Back
SI,, t. tn fwl r.Ir the hoaar of a lost
Halt
Aru
Carl
Will Call at J S Tub! ? .t Co Tin Sa
and he
will get information.
w.. ti. ed at T. rout , and ientiuced to
death, as tbe '' ' efi ,n "nJ''r
the law.
The LtaJer editorially '. ;, indie-at"-"" m
tho case of the condmned I i ''
aids leniency.
The (7b.sadesItch from Montreal
yin it is understood that the Governor at
a late cabinet mating neolted to mtnut
the sentence if Lync'. aud MoMatwu.
3
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