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NEW SERIES VOLXII
BURLINGTOX, VT., FRIDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER Q3 I8GG
laiTiiirff-!'"'1 " 1 ' i 'm cap
A ': lhe ,ar"
He site besid bried but young,
V p" cioss h'B shoulder.
j sunt broad brow and sunny hair,
The wn frank blue eyes, smiling.
The face without r shade of care.
So earnest, yet beguiling.
Unaltered, and yet changed, for bright
Upon hie breast is gleaming
The star whose ever -beckoning light
First set hie spirit dreaming.
Its gelden glories rie and fall
WithJeKh quick heart pulsation,
And he is only one of all
The brave ones of the uaticu.
Unaltered, and yet changed, for see
Beneath the glittering spangles
Where his young, strong, right arm shoo VI be
An empty coat-sleeve dangles.
Thns in the an tonic afternoon,
The bine mists slowly rising.
They tit, as in that by gone June,
When love first shunned disguising,
liu one hind holding fast her twain.
The brave heart proudly swelling.
As breathe the fervent lips again
That tale so sweet in telling.
Unchanged! no, dearer for the star
That has a h-ro named him,
liut nearer for the life-long scar
And the swift ball that maimed him.
And if she sought the wide world through
Her heart could ne'er discover
ior fancy suitor half so true.
As this, her one-aned lover.
The Phenomenon of shooting stars is
lainiliar to every oik, as there but few
nights in the year wlxn one or more can
not be seen eomewhere in the havens. It
ha long been known that twice a year a
great many of these star may be seen,
sometimes hundreds 11. one night. On the 9tb
nnd 10th ol Aug. and 12tb and 13th of Nov.
of every year small showers occur. Besides
the periodical character of this phenomenon,
it has been noted that, on each occasion of
met oric display, the uetcurs diverge from
Articular constellation tbe August show
er, from the star li. Camtlopardetli . and the
Xoveinbor shower from the star Gamma,
Ltvnis, one of the stars furiuir.g the sickle
in that constellation, r'urtl er investigation
of this phenomenon has led to the discovery
of another period i f meteoric showers bc--.Jt
the annual one. 1 h: period consists
of 33 years, which sciarnle the rtfurreace
ul extraordinary meteoric shuwe-rs. Be
tween the years A. 1). K03 and A. D. 1833.
1 i.irtcen of these gnat show rs are recorded.
j-irate-d from each other by intervals of 83
mid CO years. The last two occurred in
.umber, lTfJ, and in Ji.veiube-r, 1833.
!t ie nut a little remarkable tl.ut the e-p.h of
iu annual November sti-wir, .ind that
ti.ur jint of dite-rgtnee in the he-auras is
the came. Indeed the phentni'iijo jf the long
itriud differs from that of the annual
rial, only in its numeritKl character.
What is the cause of ibis phenomenon
ai.d its diversity ? The accvpted theory
suj puses that there is en innumerable num
Ur ol meteors circulating round the sun
in orbits lying close to each oilier, forming
a nog which intersects the earth's aabit in
ta places, and that the earth passes
tt-.rt.ugb the intersecting points on the U:b
and 10th cf August, and on
tu 12th and 13tli of Xovem
bet annually. When the earth plunges into
ibis meteoric stream on those occisians, the
U'Domcroa cf shoeing stars takes plac-;.
i-c inequality of numbers is satisfactorily
jocuueted lur by supposing the meteors dis
iriLutvd in groups in the meteoric ring, the
until encountering a vast groan whose re
volution is such that it meets the earth bat
once in Z years. Attention was first direct
ed to tins iriouic return of the meteoric
sboweis on occasion of the prodigious swarm
which apared in North America between
the 12;li jud 13th of Not ember, 133,
descri'ied !y Professor Olmsted, of New
HaveE 1 he stars fell on this occasion like
Site; u .now, to the number, as was esti
mated, if 240,000 in the si-ace ol nine
hours, and varying in size lrom a moving
mt fii pbosphorent line to globes of the
nijon e dumeter. The ui'jst important ob
strvati.n made was that they all appeared
to j roce-ed from the same quarter of the
heatens. the vicinity, namely, of the star
Gamma, in the constellation Leo, and al
though that star liad changed greatly its
height and azimuth during the timo that the
phenomenon lasted, they continued to issue
lrom the same pint. 1: was afterward
computed by Enckc that this pjint was the
very direction in wbicli the earth was mov
ing in her orbit at the time Attention be
ing directed to recorded appearances of the
siiue kind, it was observed with surprise
tht scvttal of tbe mott remarkable hao oc
curred on the same day of November,
(rjie-cially that seen by Iluui'xildt at Cumana
in 1TU9, and by other observers over a great
extent of the earth. The November stream
was again observed in tbe United States in
1- J4, betvrecn tbe 13th and 14tn, though
- intense. Thoogh often vague, and in
Kitnc years al'ogether abwnt, this I'heno
u.enon has recurred with such regularity,
both in America and Europe, as to establish
iu periodic character.
I'rof. Olmsted, or Yale College, entered
most enthusiastically into tbe consideration
of the subiect.tbe result of hich was an able
iaper published in the American Journal of
Science in 134. The general results of his
investigations were :
1. That the meteors ol li&i had tbei
origin beyond tbe limits of our atmosphere
for the source of the meteors did not par
take of the earth's inotion,which was demon
atmhln from a varietv of circumstances.
2 That the lieisht of the place whence
the meteors emanated above tnc surface of
-lie earth was about 223S miles. This was
iMvrtained from a comierison of different
'rvations made in different places, and
from trigonometrical culci.wtions loundecl
3. The meteors fell toward the earth.
!ein2 attracted to it by the force of gravi
4. Tbey fell toward tbe earth in straight
lines, and in directions which, within consid
erable distances, were parallel with each
5. They entered the Earth's atmosphere
with a velocity equal to about four miles
per second, or more than 10 times "renter
than the maximum eIocitjol a cannon-ball
and about 19 times that of s.und.
u. Tbe- meteors consisted ot comboetible
matter, and took fire and were consumed in
traversing the atmosphere. Itiey were ex
tinguished in a manner resembling a com
bustible body like a sky-rocket That they
took fire in the atmosphere was interred
from the fact that tbey were not luminous
in their original situation in spac? ; other
wise the body whence they emanated would
have been visible.
7. That some of the larger meteors must
have been bodies ol great sire some of thcra
appearing larger than tbe full moon. Such
a Dody seen at 110 miles disticcc was sup
pose to have been one mils in diameter ; at
55 miles, one-half mile ; at 22 miles, one
fifth of a mile ; at 51 miles, one-twentieth
of a mile or 2o4 feet.
8. That tbe meteors were constituted of
light and transparent materials : for if
they had been otherwise their momentum
would have been sufficient to enable tbem to
make their way through the atmosphere to
the surface of tbe earth, and if tbey wcro
not transparent badics they could not have
i6tcd together la their original state with
out being visible by reflected light. A". 1'
The showers of meteors in 1R33 was tlnm
described at tbe time by theN. Y. Con-
I o c
The sky was remarkably clear on the
tight of this remarkable phenomena. Some
nime before twelve o'clock, the meteors eo
frequently seen on Summer evenings,
called shooting stars, were observed to fall
with unusual frequency and splendor.
They continued lrom that hour to flash
athwart tbo skies more and more, until they
were eclipsed by the glories of the rising
sun this morning. From four to six they
were very numerous and rclnlgent. Not a
cloud obscured the broad expanse, and mil
lions of meteors sped their way zcross it on
every point of the compass Were it pos
sible to enumerate them in the swiftness of
their arrowy baste, we might venture to say
that for the space of two hours, interven
ing between lour and six, more than a
thousand a minute mii-lit have been count
ed. Their coruscations were bright, gleaming
and incessant, and they fell thiek as fhkci
in the early snow of December. In one in
stance, one distinctly beard the explosion of
a meteor that shot across to tbe Northwest,
leaving a broad and Iuminout track, and
witnessed another which left a path of
light that was clearly discernible for more
than ten minutes after the lull, i! such it
be, had exploded. Its length was gradual
ly shortened, widening in the centre, and
apparently consisted of separate and dis
tinct globules of light, drawing around a
common centre, glimmering less and lets
vividly until they finally faded away in the
distance. Compared with the splendor of
this celestial exhibition, the most brilliant
rockets and fireworks ol" art bore less rela.
tion than the twinkling of the most tiny
star to the broad glare of the sun. The
whole heavens seemed in motion, and never
before has it fallen to our lot too hserve a phe
nomenon so magnificent and sublime.
Thk 1!eu i.M Hitter Pabtt. The San
dusky Ilcgutcr tells a story of tbe recent
visit of benator Doolittle to tbe Green Day
region. A prominent Kcpublican politician,
who has a Kadical wife, applird to the Sen
ator for an appointment, promising to be
publicly Johnsoniscd if he got it. The Sen
ator brought the appointment in person, and
was invited by tbe gratified appointee to
ainner, bis wife having first been notified ot
the intended honor. The hungry Senator
and bis host marched to dinner, found tbe
bouse deserted by mistress and maid, but the
dinner table set and covered to keep off the
flies. On sitting down and removing the
cloth, tbe grand banquet set for the Senator
and the newly made official was found to
consist solely of bread and butter.
A Yfrbonter I'komoteu. Among those
who have won marks of distinction in the
cable service is Curtis Mirander Lamptoa,
who has been created a Baronet by Queen
Victoria. He is a native of Ne.v Haven. VL,
where he spent tbe first eighteen years of his
Jiic Itis lalner brougni mc urst spanisn
merino sheep to Addison County and was
tinned finane-i illv by the specaUtion. From
Vermont young Limpson went to the Hud
son's Bay Co. 's territory, where be remained
some yc.irs. In 134 be went to England and
settled. lie wad one of the first directors of
ti.e Atlantic Telegraph Company, and has
txx-n uo.n.. evor since in tne Wora. tic was
named by Air. Pea body as one of the three
trustees of the magnificent fund which he
founded. He owns a fine estate at KowLint,
and upon it is the old Tudor Mansion.
De bas two Nns wbo were cducat.d at
Cambridge, and will succeed him in his
business. Sir Curtis JJirander Lampson ha
a brother who is a banker at Lcroy, N. Y-,
wbo will also be remembered by sum- uf the
people of New Haven. Middlibury .Vyiirfer.
Ot a Piu. Somewhere near Camden lives
a man wbo is not smart enough for Jeruew.
Last Fall be wanted to leave home for a
month or more, but had no one to take
charge of his p g ; so he proposed to a
neigbboi that be shjuld fatten it, and then
keep one balf when it was time to kill.
Tne bargain was agreed to. Tbe pig was
trans! erred to Smith's pen. and off went our
friend on his journey. He was gone only a
week, and the day of his return borne walked
oyer to see his pig. He found Mr. Smith
with shirt sleeves roueei ur, nam at won
dressing a hog.
Hullo, cried our friend : and a slight
suspicion entered his mind that be had been
What have you been killing?
"Our pig," answered Smith, as cool as an
"Uur pig? tattered tne victim.
"Yes: 1 thought it fat enough to kill;
but you needn't be alarmed, you will get
Our triced returnee! nomc a saaoer anu
wiser man. lie bad paid aoout twenty-nve
ollus f..r a week's board for bis pig.
Keei-ixu Arrets. D. W. Adams of
Wawkon, in a communication to tbe Gard
ner a Monthly tor uctoocr, sav mat tne
best plan is to freeze the apples pencctly
sjliJ and keep tbem frozen as late in tbe
spring as possible.
lie rajs tnat nis attention was nrsi caiieu
to this method twenty year ago, in the town
of Winchendon, ilass. A merchant bought
a lot of Daldwins, and stored them away in
a lolt, where tbey were neglected until tbey
became completely Iroien. tlavmg a large
stock of Uutfalo robes, be covered the floor
with tbem. and placini: the barrels on these.
be covered tbem with several thicknesses of
robes, so that the Iruit remained frozen until
late in the spring, and then of course.thawcd
very gradually, ltiese appies Kepi sounu
until .lulv. He save that last winter a mer
chant in Wawkon bought a lot of- apples,
and stored them in a cellar that was not
frost proof. In December he was keeping
up a lire in the cellar to keep tbe apples
lrom freezing, but he had to give it up, and
the apples were frorcn, and remained so all
winter. In May he sold them at a high
figure, as they were m a fine state of prcs
eryation. The same correspondent says that a few
years ago be rcceiveo a barrel of choice ap
ples by wagon, in December, when the
mercury was 22 , a distance of thirty
miles. Of course they were thoroughly
frozen, and rattled in the barrel like stones.
He wrapped the barrel in blankets and set it
in a cellar at about 40 . In a month be
opened tbe barrel and found the apples per
fectly sound. He says that in those locali
ties where the winter is sufficiently cold and
steady, apples may be frozen perfectly solid,
in winter, and remain exempt from decay
for three or four months. Freezing does not
injure them in the lca:t, if they arc thawed
slowly, snd in a situation where air and
light are excluded.
A SunciBST Reason. The Argus wad
dles through nearly a column of ghostly ar
gument to-day, under the caption, " Why
the Democratic Party will Never Die." It
fails to find the real gist of the answer,
which may be summed up in few words ;
The Party is ucau aircauy, auu mtie uu
boj of its resurrection. Aimny journal.
Louis Napoleon, a ton of Francis Napo
leon of this village, aged 10 years, left home
on tLe afternoon ol the Cth met., and has
not since been heard from. The boy is n
little dear, and wben he left was dressed in
a shabby suit of black clothes and wore a
straw bat. Any one who will give informa.
tion of his whereabouts will confer a great
lavor on bis parents. Address Francis Na
poleon or Bildad Paul, S:. Albans, Vt. St,
Some years since a clergyman in LitthScld
county. Conn., was reproving an old Indian
for his cruel and revengeful conduct towards
them that had offended him. "l'ou should
love your enemies," observed tbe parson,
'and preserve an affection lor those that
"1 do love ray enemies," retorted the son
of nature, "and have a great affection for
them that hurt me."
"So such thing," returned the clergyman,
"yon don t lovo your enemies."
'Who are the enemies you love?"
"Hum and Cider!"
lie Jm ni!i!.
G. C. A: 11. I.. KEN2DICT.
EDIT0CS A5D PROPRIETORS.
FRIDAY MORNING. NOVEMBER 21. I860
Speech of Hon. Justin S. .Morrill, l.'. S.
Before th Legislature of VF.r.MT.
October 24th 1800.
Mr. President and Gentlemen of the legis
lature : Let me first render to you my
grateful acknowledgement, gentlemen, for
the distinguished honor which Vermont
through your action bas conferred upon me.
in electing me as one of ber U. S. Senators
for six years from the fourth of March next.
The Dusition, il one of honor, is also one cf
grave responsibilities now more than ever
requiring an amplitude of resources equal
to me capacity ot any man and mueii lie-
yond what I can hope to contribute. Yet
assured by your support, 1 shall in du? time
and with due diffidence, accept the trust,
confident only in a sacred purpose to dis
cbarge every duty that may devolve upon
me with unflinching fidelity to oar common
country end tlie State, and, if I s'..ould do
nothing more, thn 1 may promise, t make
it my lii'h endeavor to bring no stain upon
my native State.
To be elected as one of fifty-two Senators,
or ol seventy-two, in a great country like
our own, with thirty-fiyc millions of people,
is at all times a proud mark of distinction,
lor the Senate of tbe U. S. u believed to be
the foremost legislative aeemuly in the
work! ; but in that body to have the privil
ege of, in part, representing the 300,000
eople of Vermont so noted for all their
public and private virtues lacking in noth
ing tbat ennoble: a State is to be pr:xcd
more dearly than tbe privilege of represent
ing much larger numbers elsewhere, backed
by no such record and having les that
symmetry and beauty which ought always t
adorn the eharaoter of a republictu State.
Gentlemen ! 1 bavo reason to tender to
you my grateful tbankt.
And here 1 might pause and n-tirc, but
that I know you are expecting something
more. Even'after the able address of my
worthy colleague, 1 presume- you may not be,
n you ought to be, quite satisfied; but, con
sidering that there is another equally dis
tinguished gentleman to follow me, 1 feel
tbat I, at least, shall best consult your taste
by jiracticing upon the ancient poet's idea
"Mao wants batftttr here below.
Nor wants that little tony .'"
As the titqe approaches, for the .- d.ition
of political questions, they arc often seen to
be magnified and it must be saiaitted that
American politicians arc by no means strang
ers to the art of exaggeration, bat this error is
not greater than that of jubilant statesmen
who siecp while it thunders and
who notwithstanding all their tcbemes are
shipwrecked are hopeful, in the wide waste
of watcis.tlmt fcy may rest in the- mountains
of Ararat, although the dove returns to tbe
ark without even a single olive leat in its
beak. But now a crisis looms up before thi
eves of all men and it needs no s cr to pre
dict its advent or to measure its proportions.
Our martial bcroc- have triumphed and ut
terly vanquid':ed rebellion in the field, and
now shall a civi.lian, without miraculous
virtue;, certainly, command, galvanize and
nuise the monster into life again? Shall
we have peace or anarchy ? Saall Liberty be
cultivated ioreveT, or shall Slavery, whether
black or toned down to butternut hue, reas
sert its dominance ? If tbe issues njw pend
ing ha ye dimensions sueh as 1 have indicated
and in my judgment tbey have no leas,
then, gentlemen, the crisis is so grave tbat
it defies exaggeration.
Jivcry patriot feels that this is a condition
oi affairs vrbicb oueht net cow to confront
our people. Every ioval heart feels that con-
quereo iraiwrs couia nave De-en properly,
without malice or vengeance, curlied and
restrained from tht'-cxcrcisv ol power fraught
with mischief and danger to our country.
Every true soldier, responsive to the flag uf
his country and that here they were res
ponsive pointing to the tattered fltgs bang
ing in the Hill J these .saereJ emblems, will
forever testify ! eer true' soldier, I say.
feels that be bas better entitled himself to be
trusted be pensioned, if need be, and at all
events to oc honored, than those wlmm he for
four years met as eager foes or a.- armed r b
bera and assassins.
During any prolonged war, bweu-r just,
how brilliantly led and however magnificent
ly supported, so wide and wasting are its
demands, there will be mistakes in legisla
tion, errors in tbe Cabinet and blunde-rd iu
tbe held and unwilling tax-payers and will
ing stay at-homes can easily excite a mutiny
in their own breast and a hope in the brart
ol demagogues against the existing adminis
tration. The Siren who cries peace even
wben there is no peace, will find an audience
always waiting to be enchanted Even tnc
copper-head seeks to fascinate, prone on the
belly, by the idea of a trace, amnesty and
Under such circumstances it does njt jp j
pear strange that a party should rise up
against the Union party of 1H61 the war
party but it is wonderful that that party,
though having the jrcstige of Linculn, "so
clear in bis great office," should be able not
only to retain but to increase the confidence
of the people in its high purpose. The war
was long, bloody and expensive. laxes and
Tariffs, unsparing and intricate, Loans and
drafts unparalleled in msgnitude, bad to be
improvised, bad to be poised and bahnscd
swiftly, but with a conscientious regard to
the rights ol individuals and the rights ol
the country. Industry, while so lavishly
contributing to tbe support and life-blood of
tbe nation, had to be tenderly nursed and
wisely and heroically stimulated. Fortu
nately our financial means, to tbe astonish
ment of our enemies, if not of our 1 rieud,
proved adcejuate to our exigencies great as
Here, possibly, some vulnerable or unpro
tected joints, some dcbateable theories or
doubtful practices, might have been found
luviung enc weapons oi assaiunis, Mill our
opponents choose to make the issue one be
tween the virtues ot the President and those
of Congress. No American can now seek
to diminish the virtues ol the President and
I do not intend to disparage tbem although
I shall speak plainly. It requires some cour
age to make an bumble member of Congress
bold up liis ncau wncn a comparison is in
voked with one who defies and challenges in
high debate the whole of Congress, collect
ively or individually, end who "acknow
ledges no superior except his God. the
author of his existence, and the people of
the United States.' God, to be sure, is
still his "superior." Let us be thankful
fnr that ! llut the nconle have in rart inst
voted, nnd by this time, I fear, His Kxcellcn-
cy may think they arc as much his inferiors
as even members of Congress.
The dignity and moderation of President
hnson, so conspicuously displayed in his
sent sober and pious pilgrimage to the
recent sober and pious pilcrimaee
tomb of a deceased statesman, arc so broad
ly appreciated that they need not be dwelt
upon. But tbo President's political doc
trines, I think, may bo open to more serious
animadversion. He struck out early with
such terrific boldness of speech, "chastising
traitors with so much audacity ol tongue,"
that his warmest friends trembled lest be
should prove a relentless and vindictive per
secutor of rebels, already whipped and, if
truly repentant as they then appeared, de
serving of some pity, short ol confiscation
and death. Bat while he gave utterance to
thundering and wrathful words with the air
of an oflended Jupiter, in duds he was very
meek as meek as a Tennessee Moses. The
red-handed rebels, worth $20,000, came tor
pardons, not singly, but in droves, and what
one ever failed in his mission ? Is not Mayor
Monroe of -New Orleans, with a pardon in
his pocket, as white as wool? Even Clc-
K n flAv. ir.. the adviser and corres
pondent, using tho same cypher as the assas
sin Booth, though intercepted when fleeing
from tho country, goes at large on his pa
role and U at home spoken lc t Etciridi
datc for the U. S. Senate Item Alabama !
And yet the President at enc time was nj
doubt truly a Union man and bad " the
niouth of a "lion." He said, before he de
IHercd l,ij memorable inaugural now his
toric" We get men in command who under
the influence o! (littery, fawning and car
casing, grant protection to the rich traitor,
while the poor Union man stands out in the
cold, often unable to get a receipt or
a voucher for his losse." How Umentablo
that these words could not have been en
graved oc his heart !
He Fjji that, traitors must be made
odious.'' Is that proven by honoring reliels
dripping with Moid at New Orleans and de
grading S ierilan the gallant and true de
grading him because he was true and told
his tale without glues and and without a lie?
lie said "traitors must le punished and
luipoveTie'jed." Docs he fear any icrsor.al
applicition of his djctrine- ? lit- is inakin-
' 8 crusidc again-t .the party and piinciple-s
i piaccu mm in power oUemic the
oritw ol all the offices in the countrv to
thus j wbo wi 1 fall dowi., down, down
and worship at hie fojtet Those who
fall need hardly expect to ris- again. But
has the secret service fund been exhausted so
that he may withDo-littleateociate be called
upon to jay tbe expenses of an iinfortuu.ite
campaign ? With tbe id s of N vcmljer I dj
expect that political treachery, at least, will
bo somewhat imjMteiished. Where is the
theory of the Pr. -silent, upju which ho ac
cepted bis noiuination. when the foremost
loyalists ol the Sjutb are- "kicked out of
office,' ' lo use his own 4iraecjIogy, and
pardoned rebels put in their places, the
places of those appointed by Lincoln?
"O fallen at length that tower of streucth,
Which stood four square to all toe winds that
Tbe President saW, "traitors must take
back scats in the work uf reconstruction."
Yet wbo occupied the fr .nt seats at the
I Philadelphia Convention? Bat I rorget.
t South Carolina iolded in the arms of Massa-
I chutetts did cause the Prrcident to weep?
j True the tcbeli and coppe.-'icads were there
'rought together like Saruiijn's three hun
dred foxesnd though their heads appear to
look north and south tbeir tails ate joined
with the fire-brands to tt ti e Union on fire
Why should not the PretiJe-nt weep? He
may.let us say to him in a whUper, drv his
eyes now, for the fire do s dot seem to turn
NotwithstanJing the pjor opinion the Prc
ident entertains of Congress and loudlv pro
claims, every law passed at tbe last session
if practical linrurtanee, exc-.pt two, was
approved by him. One of these two was
'he Freedmen's Bureau Bill which onlv con
ferred upon him some additional military
-lilhcirity to protect loyal relugeo and the
t-or negro from actual starvition and lrom
' ing lynched and hounded by their cruel
t ursuers : and tbe other was the Ci il I
liigbto Bill made a law of the land by a '
i ivo-tl.irds vote of both Houses, and if the j
: .th Congress needed any salt to pre-c-nc j
i i nwmory iresu in ail ti:e future, that one
act alone would be all-sufficient. This act
extended tnc privileges of a citizen, the right
f protection to life, lj!erty n.d property,
! sue and be sued, to giye cvi lenoe, etc. to
ftrwrj, including these . ho Lave bcre
l lore hsd "no rigLts wl . :i a white man
-.4S bound to respect." T m .isurts, so
! umsnc and so iairorat."i"'v d -:anjed by
til our si.rrouaiingii, -. v i d by tbe
l-.eaideut and he has Uu i j.e t call bis
action, "so.ir.di:,g tl o to - . jf ,rui wheu-
-.erne saw theeitadel ' i.' rt i.i danger."
Rejecting first military :i i nd ' men reject
ing the authority uf le od ti.e courts, it
would rather term tln.i il,.- 1'u -loVnt sound
tJ. not wben liber., wa iu danger, but
wben it was about i ks j rotcetrd. Tbe
i, a asked for bread nnei l.c, ..ing a father,
...ve a stone. Bet iLt i-ue is before tbe
giand inquest of ti.e eh n. The pcop!c
will decide between 'I - ! 'resident and Con
gress. Aye ! the vcreuet h.is already begun
to be whispered in Vermont, not oonceuUed
in Obiti. Pennsylvania, and else where, and
when New York and other States follow, as
fdlow they will, we shall h.tvc it in thunder
. nts tbat even at V animal. -n tlic deaf will
' ir. the oliud ac an 1 in du.- time- ivery
1 .ty wTlo is lame, I trust will ir7,'jt.
Permit mf, Mr. President, in the briefest
j, esibic manner to allude to the amendments
to the Constitution profuscd by Congress
The first is a deSuition of ritut'iuhip and
securing to all citirn equal protccti n un
der the laws. Ihis Laving long Ix.cn a Con
troverted jsjmt ii urgently requirled. or the
1 islaturis and e-ourts at the South would
s., r. mske- the cniancir;- n ' ti.e colored
r '.ullity. As Act-rir :ns we 'tvo a
! . t to dcuiaLd uhc nnifor.:i rule of citi
i !np. It is n u imperiously required on
o. . junt of the status ol those persons who
f. e leeu held to involuntary srrvitudc
t. re should be no d jul.t ou this suhje-cl.
t...:;l those 2t'',( )0 c lored troops uho gal
luitly foug'it .'or the Union te denied the
pro cctien of our flig? Sliall three or four
millions of colored p-oplc be allowed to lo
kunappcJ ana sold m Cuba or boutii Atucr
ie to endure- a bondage uuise than tbat
fi m which they have just escaped and sliall
n .t our government go to the rescue with
all tbe mijosty of its national power? There
at. mny of these person s highly educated,
i ol ability, engaged in professions and
nimcrriil, agricultural and mechanical
itiits ami many have ecqatrcd wealth
pay their taxes vwthss muoh alacrity as
r men. Some of there person, for busi
or otheru ie may desire to go abroad.
il it rest with tbe carricc of whoever
buppens to be Secretary of State whether
they shall have the usual passport or not?
Let the humblest citizen of the United
States never appeal in vain to the protection
of the Stars and Stripes !
The second amendment, upon which my
colleague has spoken with so much ability,
istorigulatc the apportionment of Repre
sentatives according to the actual numbers
ol enfranchised men. Emancipation is not to
increase the political pjucr of the rebellious
States where political privileges arc denied.
T:.ose counted as men in the arporeionment
cannot be counted as cattle at tbe ballot-box.
Those voters of the South will have just as
in .eli power as any equal number iu the
X. rth. Ought they to have any more ? Ver
mont with a population ol 314.000 has three
representatives one having been granted on
a Urge fraction. South Carolina under the
same appertionmcnt had six, but she only
bad a white population of 291,000, with an
addition f 400,000 nccrocs. Is this what
they call "a white man's government?"
Why should a State with less voters by the
tl. msands and with 23,010 less of white in
habitants have twice or thrice the political
poncr of Vermont, in Congress or in the
election ol a President .' in my opinun a
bov in blue is fully the eoual of a rctel in
election of a President ? In
I bn'ttcrnut.lct those who don't, try it again if
' tb y dare : and with my vote lie shall not bo
! !(.. . nnr Willi mr ftinwnt sh.ill mv Vnr
j m nter be counted as equal only to hair a
j mai in Louisiana or Mississippi. Let us
j gc ne masses of Southern men ail tho
ri;: its ot freemen, dui njt in amnion an the
ri - its of the colored race. When the door
oi iinparthl suffrage is opened they can have
more power ana wc win tasc tnc risic wun-
out further guaranties.
Another amendment and i lorget tneir
precise order excludes from certain offices,
until two-thirds of Congress decides other
wise, persons who, having held office and
sworn to support the Government of the
Ui.itcd States, have falsified their oaths and
held important posts, civil or military under
the rebel Government. Tbe bare statement
ol ibis position carries its own sufficient ar.
gumcnt. For tery shame theso guilty men
ou 'lit cot to ak to come back. If they have
no shame let us make them put on its coun
terfeit the mifJest punishment ever awara
1 to the leaders of an unsuccessful and van
nnihnl rebellion. After the Revolution of
1V7G, every State among tho old thirteen
tunUhel the torics from the land South
Carolina excepted, and-in that state they
were wholly excluded from omce for five
years. I fear, however, they have been to
the cxclusiun of everybody else, in office errr
iinre .-' Compared with such action the ac
tion of all victorious nations wc arc the
most magnanimous and the mt moderate of
any on tceord !
The other and last amendment relates to
the validity of our national debt and also
provides ajrainst the assumption of the rebel
debt or the payment for the loss or the eman
cipation of any slave Wc may hi sure un
til human nature chango-, that question will
not be allowed to sleep. Without the
amendment it ill be in the power of any ac
cidental majority in Congress to double our
public debt in a single- dxy and repudiate it
in the next. A corruption cimmission on
two billion; and a half shoulJ not K- lelt in
the hands of even honest nun far lees
should such a lever remain in the hands of
selfish and desperate men. l-t in nut the
; subject at rrst'forevcr'
Without adopting these amendments
and what fair-minded man will say they arc
I unreasonable ? no rebtllious States will
i be permitted to share in the government of
j that union they so plainly, oven now, show
tue-ir w:sn to ehstroy, ami with the adoption
even then. Congress will cxcrci?c a wise
discrelim. Even loval rcprctci.tativts must
be backed by loyal constituencies.
But, gentlemen. I perceive that I may
have already trespassed beyond my allotted
time and 1 shall detain yi.u but a moment
or two knger. Every one understands that
all reasonable guaranties for our future
security could easily be obtained if the Pres
ident had enly been persuaded to eo-uicratc.
Mnd then wc should have b id a ri pose only
dikturbed by the stir of universal prosperi
ty. It is sometimes asked, uhy cannot we
have that repose so much needed by the
whole c mntry and so longed for by all Uicn ?
We do n it understand that Judas manag
ing well the business affairs of the- disciples 1
as he did -was acquainted with the High
Priests until he came to transact business
with them. Deserving of iniii-h credit in '
the conduct of our foreign relations in tbe
inain.yct the Secretary of Statc.the coiner of
"the irrepressible conflict," ha been trans-
acting business with the High Priests of the i
Albany Urgency. Our reposo 1ms bon ,
handed over to be crucified.
The questions that are notvs be-fore us are
not mere bubbles tlmt rise upon the surface .
and then jss away to be seen no m ire for- '
ever. They are far Jollier lar more en
duringand upon our decision the ours
of the country tikes a new departure, either
downward with that civilization which has 1
so long cursed the Sjuth. or upward with 1
that founded on Plymouth Ituvk and ubicb i
marches in the vanguard of liberty and lu-
man prc'res. It is either sunreraacv of the :
system of master and serf, or tbe supremacy
ot tbe gospol of free institution Shall the
worn out njboeil ol fox-hunters ,n Virginia
or the representatives of free s-!i nls eluoate '
and rule the; country? For four jeurs the
world has sadly seen tbe Republic, ns a fixed
star on fire, in the agonies at civil ur, and ,
shall it become tbe smouldering aid black
ened relics of slavery, or shall it shine.
Aiming with justice and universal liberty in
greater splendor lor having btin lited as iy
fire? Whatever tbe task of t:itinai.rliip,
whatever length of time it may rtq iire, the
hut root of slavery must br extirpated.
11 us so rebuild the Constitution that there
shall not be a niche in the whole structure
wbere slavery can "contrive to rebuild its
nest," Then there will be no antagonism!
to prevent the assimilation of our people.
Then there ill be no policies nor cunter
policies for tlic agrandixement of one por
tion of the Union at the expense of any
other portion. Then the nobler civilisation,
the rich harvest of the great American prin
ciple of tbe eternil rights of man promul
gated ninety years ago by oor father, will ,
spread and pnidc the tuturc and granler I
destinies of the KejHjblic. j
ICorrespondence of the Free Press.
MosTrojiv. Nov. II, 1806.
Toe Iiouse had up for discussion this mornisz
the bill increasing the salary of Jodgss of tbe
Supreme Court to $2500, and there was than
dering all along tbe line, (to borrow a phrase
from the fate George It. MeClellan ) fa feet
this nas the only bill that bs enlled out aa
earnest and prolonged debate iu the House.
The lretpMial committee to which the bill
wa itftrrtd, reported unanimously in its favor,
and tbe chairman, Mr. Park of Btouiugton,
made- a clear and forcible presentation of tbe
facta upon which tbe repot t was bated. On or
dinary principle!, this should have secured the
easy passage of the bdl ; but there were a few
members of the House ho could not or would
not sec tbt it must weds cost r Judge uf the
Supreme Court more to live than it ousts a farm
er or a journeyman shoemaker.
The burden of debate in support of I he bill
was borne by Mr. Pari of Bennington and Mr.
Rounds of Chstter Mr. Ihllanl of New Haven
opposed it with great vehemence and small lo
gic. Mr. Ilubbiri of StoeVbrWge opposed it,
mainly on the ground tbat he and many other
ministers are oblige! to live and do live, on l;s
than a thirl cf the present salary of a judge ;
as if the fact that cne class of public servants
were kept en starvation salaries wcro t good
reason why the same injustice should 1 done
to another class. "Billy," sasl a mistress to
her servant, "ton can you be so cruel as to skin
those ce!s alive'" "Sure, ma'am, it don't hurt
them any," wss the reply, "they're used to bein
skinned so." Ministers arc used to the skinning
process, and it docs not hurt them so much but
flrvt they can live through it; but the judges are
arc not used to it, and ought not to be subjected
to it. Mr. Ilrigham of Ilydepark male a good
speech in favor of the bill. Mr. Van SkLlen of
Burlinstoa also spoke in favor of tbe bill, in a
practical business-like way. But the best speech
was mile by Mr. Thcmas of Ortrell, wbo said
he voted against a similar bill last year, but had
gained information on the subject, and was
glal of an cprertunity to repair his error. He
appealed to his brother farmers to vote with
him for the bill. The bill was finally passed.
with net more than a dcren dissenting votes,
and those very faintly uttered.
While the bill was under the discussion in
the Iiouse, the Senate was considering a bill re
lating to the compensation cf States Attor
neys. It proposes to reduce very considera
bly, but gives fees fur each item of business ac
tually performed. The bill paased by a yea
and nay vote of 1 1 to 13. The objection urged
against the present law, giving salaries but no
fees, was that it encourages negligence of duty
on the part of attorneys, who if they receive
just as much for doing little cr nothing as for a
thorough and efficient discharge of tbeir duties,
are likely to neglect the prosecution cf a large
class of crimes, those nataely, which arc created
by statute and in regard to which public opin
ion is divided. This has been found to be the
case in a great multitude of instances.
Tbe present law adds the stimulus of fees to the
stimulus of a sense of duty, and between the
two it is to be hoped that the criminal laws of
tbe State will be administered with increased
vigor and efficiency.
The Senate to day passed without discussion
a bill increasing tbe nunber of the Board of
Education to six, two from each Congressional
District, three of the six to be practical teach
ers, and all to be appointed by the Governor.
The Ucusr, by a vote of 113 to 37, passed a
law similar in all respects, except that the
Board is lo be elected by the General Assembly.
Which house will yield to the other, in tha man
ner of constituting the Board, remains to be
Correspondence of the Free Press.
MosTr-Fiint, Nov. 1G, 1666.
.Venr j. Editors :
Although both houses adopted resolutions
that no bills should te introduced after Monday
last, except by unanimous consent, or from
committees, the influx of bills has been but
slightly checked. A Senator asks unanimous
consent to introduce a bill, the President says
unanimous consent will be presumed unlets ob
jection be made, and in gets the bill. Tbat
thing, however has at last oomc to an end. Yes
terday afternoon, a bill was offered but a Sera
tor objected. The mover of the bill requested
that it might be read for the information cf the
Senate, which beiog donct the objection was
withdrawn, but another Senator renewed the
objection, and tbe bill was rejected. Unluckily,
it was one of the very best bills of the session,
requiring that tbe applicant for a private act
of incorporation should deposit with the Treas
urer the sura cf fifty dollars before making his
application. Had such a bill been in force at
the opening of the session tbe State would be
licfeer to-day by thousands of dollars; not. in
deed, by having received ehartees fees, but by
having saved many days of valuable time tbat
has been spent in granting charters, many of
which are not worth fifty dollars to the grantees
or any body else.
The Home had a lively time yesterday after
noon, considering a bill which proposed to in
crease the ;t diem of the numbeis to three
dollars, and reduce their mileage to four cents.
The first contest related to the mileage. Mr.
Boss of St. Johnsbury moved to amend by sub
stituting ten for four, arguing that four cents
would not pay tbe real cost of travel, in the
case of members wbo are obliged to spend pan
of two dajs in coming to the capital. Jlr.
Hubbard proposed to fix the mileage at six
cents, but the House was not in a compromise
mood, and, rejecting his proposnioa adopted Mr.
Rosa's. So tbe mileage remains unchanged,
ten cents bring the Icng established rate. Then
carue a smart skirmish over the per dum. Mr.
Bounds took the position that the services of
tbe members were not worth more to the State
than two dollars a day. Tl at is certainly true
ef a Mt many of their days, but they have
done seme day's works of which a rhoughtral
man would not like to take the responsibility
tor several times two dollars. Mr. Ball of
SpriagMd moved to strike out the section mak
ing tbe aet take effect, from its passage, and
substitute another so that tbe act should take
tBect on the first of January. Ihis was oppose.!
by Me.rs. Roes and Brigham, and by a great
majority of the Howe, who were as desirons to
do justice to themselves as to the next Legisla
ture. Mr. Rounds moved to amrad so that
members should b paid only for each day's ac
tual Krtiee, bot this was opposed by Mr. Bal
lard of .New Haven, who complained that long
adjournments were sometimes carried by mere
majorities, while many members of the minori
ty rerua'.oeJ at Montpelier. willing to work, but
unab'.e to do so. So that amendment was lost.
In sherr, all amendments tending to injure tbe
bill were promptly rejected and the third reading
was oedend by n ; aaU nay vote of 11.7 to 01.
Had it not been lor tb yea aad nays, there
would not have been a score of votes against
Tbe report of the committee on claims osnai
ly settles the fete of every claim. Data mil to
pay Giles M. Carpenter a terrain sum, open
which tbe committee reported favorably, aces
sioDed considerable debate. Carpenter was a
member ef a company of cavalry in the State
military servic , and while in the way of his du
tr was thtown from his horse, and seriously,
perhap pt rmacffly, injured. The bill pro
posed to pay him a hundred and twentT-ave
tlcllars aBr.u-.llj lor two years, as temporary
relief. It was ebjected that this would be a
dangerous precedent, sad would prepare the way
for a rmny simihr claim. But it appeared tbat
there were good precedents for paying annuities
lo pnscna injured in the service of the Stat. A
jerten who was permanently injured while at
work upon lb old 5ute House, received it pen
sion from the Stale as lone, as he lived. An
other, who lost his arms by tbe premature ex
pluaion of a cannon with which he and other
members of a military company were celebrat
ing ibc Fourth of July, had received a pension
from the State fcr the lest fifteen or eighteen
years. These precedent were thought fully
to justify the psswgj of the present bill, and it
was finally jiasned with tut few Of posmg vote.
An attempt was made yesterday to over-rule
a report cf the committee on claims rvjecting a
claim, and as the rrinciple established is of
some Imrortnnee, it is well to put tbe facts on
record. The claim was one of those that arc
frequently nude, for pursuing and apprehending
a Icn. It was rejected by the committee, be
cause the universal precedent fir the last fifteen
years bas been not to allow any such claim till
after the trial and conviction of the offender,
which in this isstance bad not taken place.
Senator Skinner made an earnest. irsistent,
and protracted effort to induce the Senate to
break over thi precedent, bnt he succeeded in
getting it established more firmly than before.
A few bills have been introduced for tbe laud
able purpose of encouraging manufactures in
Vermont. Perbipi tbe most important of these
is cne relating to the right of fiowage, and pro
viding that when any person shall desire to
erect a dam for the use of any mill, and cannot
agree with the owner of laads liable to be Sowed
by it, as to tbe damages to be paiJ, be may ap
ply to the County Court by petition in writing,
setting forth Ike circumstances; and, due notice
being given to the other party, three commis
sioners shall be appointed to make investigation.
and, if they see fit, to establish the bight of the
dam, and assess the damages to be paid for
flowing. A spirited debate upon this bill took
place In the House yesterday. It was insisted,
on the one hand, that it weuld be dangerous to
give any man the right io flow his neighbor's
lands, and perhaps ruin his tarro, by merely
paying aseeuible damages, and, on the other
hand, that a mill site might be rendered utter
ly worthless, by the refusal of some mean man
owning a worthless piece of land.to sell it except
at an exorbitant price. To which it was replied
that agriculture was tbe leading interest of tbe
State, and ought not to te jeopardized for the
benefit of manufactures. But the farmers, who
are the large majority in the Iiouse, concluded
they would run the risk, and ordered the bill to a
How to get at all the prcjerty in tbe State,
and make it bear its just proportion of the pub
lic burdens is a problem of no easy solution.
Tbe Hcnse has attempted to sohe it in part, by
passing a bill which requires the listers to exa
mine upon oath every man whom thiy assess.
This reverses the rule that every man shall be
presumed innocent till he is proved guilty, and
establishes tbe principle that he shall be pre
sumed a liar till he swears himsejf a tree man.
Ills somewhat probable that the .Senate will re
ject this bilL Another bill, which was warmly
1 debated this forenoon, and is to be still more
warmly debated this afternoon, if it can be
reached, proptais to tax the stocks of all cor
ps rations within tbe State In the course of de
bite it wns stated that tLe State had lost from
thirty to Arty thousand dollars by the action of
the Vermont & Canada Uailroad in getting an
injunction against tbe coUectien of taxes upon
its stock. There is not much dcubt that the
House will pass this bill, and that the Senate
will reject it.
The long scries of able discourses in Represen
tative's Hall during tbe tveuings of the session,
was closed last eveomg by a discourse by li;r.
II. II. Garnet, on the claims of tb colored race.
It Is nearly twenty-five years siace he spoke be
fore in Vermont, and h was evident tbat the
tardea of years and labor is beginning to weigh
heavily upon him; but be still spoke with a good
deal of power and eloquence. Many of his
points were sharp and well driven home, and
elicited frequent bursts of applause.
Both Houses have, to day. adopted a joint re
solution to adjourn oa Tuesday next, at 8
o'clock. A. M. w.
state ot Verawnl.
HY PA IT 7. l)ll.l,lv(:ilAl,
A P K O C L A M T I O N .
"Lar tuk people riaiw insac, O Goi ; lit
all m raorLE raaisa thsw."
This inspired exhortation addresses itself to us
with peculiar force at tbe ekse ef a vear in
which we have shared so tirgely in tbe blessing
of iJi . iue Providence. I do therefore appoint
THURSDAY, THE Hh BAY OF NOV. INST,
as a day of public Th.vsksaivhg, 1'ravie asd
Pkaise to Adiigiity Gor. And I do earnestly
recommend to the pcsple of Ihis State that they
assemble on that day in ihir accustomed places
of worship, and there retiJer to our Heavenly
Father tbe prai-.e of grali ful hear for al! His
Let us remember that the year row closinc
has been an eveotfi.1 one Jn tbe world s hL-torv
aid though the greatest of its events have trans
pired ou another continent, jet there Christian
civumtion and true proems hate received no
check, but have the rather gained strength lor.
new ndvabcement and future conquest.
ii nome, ::reat and masijiil mercies hate been
conferred upon us.
It tuis .leased Ood to turn aside from us the
dreaded pestilence, and in its place to b.stow
upon us a season of unusual health
lie has inspired in the hearts of the people
generally, Ibe spirit of Christian benevolence and
liberality, manifesting itself in ail given lo mor
ality, education and religion. Not forgetting
toe poor at home, it has extended to the eman-
cipattd race in our country deserving as taey
are needy such aid as corresponds with a
charily that not only faopeth, but death, all
Let us remember with anteizntd gratitude
last the yesr has been a fruit ful one ; that a
rich harvest has crowded the toils of the hus
bandman : that labor of all kinds has received a
fitting reward ; and that we have beta permit-
- 1 to Uve in the mi L-t of peaceful communities
and 1. 1; pr homes.
Wi n ur praise let us mingle our humble sop
plicatiena tut; UoJ will continue to bestow up
on us every needed go-.d ; and especially that He
will give us that wisdom and grace which shall
enable us to discbarge life's duties well, and
finally raise us from earth to Heaven.
Orrew under my hand and seal of the State, in
tweottve inamber at .Montpelier, this
twelfth day of November, m the year ot
iKji Our Lord cr.e thousand eight hundred
and sixty six, and of the. Independence ol i
the Cnitod S"t- the ninety-first.
By His EiccLLKSirk the Govkbsob.
C. 31. Gay,
Ssetwtarj of Civil and MUItarr Admire.
Thi National Statcast Hall Congress,
as most of our readers remember, sometime
since set apart the dd Hall of lUpresen
Sa lives ia the-Capitol at Washing ten, for a
National Hall of Statuary, and invited each
State to contribute to ii two statues of its
deceased citixers, "illuttrioos for distin.
guiehed civil or military sen ice." Two
Commissioners, Hon J. . ilorriil ar.d Hon.
Gee-, r. Edmunds, were ajfointid ly the
Governor, to consider the su'-jeei. They
have corrcsje-Dded with our Vt. s. ulpU.rs at
home and abroad, and have reported, recom
mending that the State cuntrcet with Hiram
Powers fur a heroic statue in laarile- of
Jacab Coliamer at $5,000, and with Larkin
G. Mead for a similar statue of Ft! an .Mien,
at $5,000 ; and a joint letolutH n fur car
tying into effect their recommendatsori h be
fore the legislature.
Yemeni has, in Pe,wis, a sculptor ol
world wide fame, and io Mead one who
promises in time to rival him. Sbc has in
Ethan Allen patriot and military her ., and
in Culls mer a statesman, well worthy to lie
illustrated in marble. She is not won: to
be behind other States in any matter in
which she can properly take a part, and
certainly not in anything lunching, as this
matter dees, the pride and l.enor uf the
State ; and we trust tbat the resolution will
Tax DcaTU-Bio oi SI. Lixcoln. At Car
lisle, Pcnn., recently, t- Presbyterian Syn
ods of the OKI and New Schools Icing in
session, Her. Dr. Goiley, Itor of the
church in Washington wtiieh President Lin
coln usually attended, gave Ibe followio
narrative, which has never before been made
"When summoned on that sad nif ht to the
death-beil of President Lincoln, I entered the
room fifteen or twenty minutes before his de
parture. All present neie gathered anxiously
around him, waiting to catch his last bieath.
The pbjiicLm, with one land upon tbe pulse f
the dyirg man, and Ibc other band laid upon
his heart, was intently watching for the moment
wben life should cease.
fie lingered longer than we had expected. At
last the physician said : ' He is gore; be is
Then I solemnly believe that for four or five
minutes there was not tho slightest noise or
movement in that awful presence. We all stood
transfixed in our positions, speechless, around
tbe dead body of that great and Rood man.
At length the Secretary of War. who was
standio; at my left, broke the silence and slid :
Doctor, will you say anjlhing?' I replied, 'I
will speak lo God.' Said he, ' Do it just now.'
And there, bv the side of our fallen chief,
God put it into my heart to ctter this petition,
that from tbat hour we and the whole nation
might become more than ever united in our de
votion to the cause of our teloved, imperiled
When I ceased, there arose from the lies ol
the entire company a fervid and spontaneous
And baa not the whole heart of tLe loial na
tion responded Araen V
Tux Fenian Peisonsbj. Tbe British Min
ister has replied to Mr. Seward's note re
garding the Fenian prisoners Lynch and
McMabon, saying tf.at the question of the
disposal of tbe prkoners has been referred to
Her Majesty's government, who will "desire
so to deal with it, as to secure peace and
baimony between populations livirg in such
immediate rroxiiuity, and sererated by a
long frontier eo easily traversed.''
Tuanksoivinc The Governor's Procla
mation will Le found in another column.
The 129th is ot course tho day set, being the
same day as tbat already apioiutcd by tbe
President and by tbe Governors of a number
Legtslnture of Vermont.
Weoxeidat, Not. 14.
House bills passed h 202 to incorporate the
Monger street marble CO ; h 1 19 to legalize cer
tain proceedings of the town of Kssex ; h 212 to
pav Giles M Carpenter the sum therein named.
The amendments proposed by the house to s
23 authorizin: the Mt Mansfield hotel co to
issue bonds, and s 69 relating to the commis
sioner ct the insane, were concurred in
TnntsDAT. Nov. 15.
Iiouse bills patted h 17 in amendment lo
scc 05 chap 21 of the gen stat relative to the
laying out and discontinuing highways and
bridges ; 193 to incorporate the Otter Creek
steamboat co ; h 21 1 to change the name of the
Winooski marble co ; h 99 to incorporate the
Valley Cheese manufactory of Hincsburgh ; h
259 to establish a State normal schooL
II 73 to legalize the vote of the town meeting
of the town of Shorehara held March 17 1SG5,
passed with proposal cf amendment ; h 192 in
amendment to sec 4 chap 17 of the gen stat re
lative to fees for registration, passed with pro
posal of amendment.
II 167 in amendment to sec 40 chap 22 of the
gen stat relating to provtdin: for district chools
in certain cases, passed with proposal of amend
ment. KniD.iT, Nov. 16.
House bills patted An act relating to div
orce, alimony, custody of children ; h 253 to
protect fish la Shelbura pond.
n 261 relating to appeals from the judgment
of justices in civil cases ; h 122 relative to the
qualification of voters, and h 107 to provide for
tne restoration and preservation of fish in tnc
State of Vermont, passed with proposal of
Tbe amendments proposed by the house to s
4 1 to amend an act to incorporate the city of
Burlington, were concurred in.
Saturday, Nov. 17.
Iiouse bills passed h 201 granting certain
powers to Addison county grammar school ; h
'-M in amendment to sec 9 chsp CS of the gen
stat relating to the estates of homestead and in
dower ; h to prevent injuries to highways ;
h 275 making provisions for the support of the
government ; h 15S incorporating the village of
Winooski ; h 272 defining the jurisdiction of
The house amendment to s 2 relating to the
earnings of married women was concurred in.
House billt pasted h 1C6 in amendment to
sec 12 chap 16 of the gen statute, relative to
fire districts ; h 263 empowering incorporated
villages or towns to have and maintain lock-ups
or jails; h 213 in addition to chap S9 of the
gen stat, of tbe court of chancery, with amend
ment; h 267 in amendment to sec 20 chap 113,
to prevent the deposit of poisons on lands; h
121 relating to the right of flowage; h 212 in
addition to No 32 of the acts of 1865 relative to
the fees of sheriffs and constables; b 26S to pro
vide funds for the State reform school.
The amendments cf the house to s 80 to pro
vide for highways, and s 100 to provide for the
regulation and government of the Vermont re
form school, were concurred in.
Wednesday, Nov. 14.
Senate bill passed. S 2S authorizing the
Mount Mansfield Hotel Co. to issue bonds, with
amendment; s bill SS relating Jo times of hold
ing Supreme Courts in Windsor Co.
Thursday, Nov. 15.
Senate bills passed S 7 to amend s 61 c 89
g s relating to bank commissioner, with amend
ment which was adopted, making his salary
$1501; s 6 relating to tho collection of town
taxes; s 108 to appropriate money for the State
Friday, Nov. 16.
Senate bills passed. S41 to amend the act
incorporating the city of Burlington; s 101 to
authorize the town of Woodstock and other
i towns to raise money to build a railroad; s 23
incorporate the st Albans Marble lo.; a eu
la amendment of sec 1 chap 22 g s relating to
the board of education, with amendments re
quiring the board of education to be elected by
tne legislature instead of appointed by the Gov
ernor; s SO to provide for the repair of high
ways, with amendments; s 100 for the regula
tion and government of tbe Vermont State Re
form School, with amendments; s 18 to repeal
sec 17 chap 87 e s relating to insurance com
panies; s'jO providing that towns may elect a
collector of taxes.
Satusoat, Nov. 17.
II 170 to provide for taxing the shares of
private corporation, was taken up, the question
being on its passage.
Mr C'ark of Poultney stated that the bill
would probably embrace about S 1.000,000. of
railroad property, reaching the Vermont and
Canada, the Passumpsic and Castleton and
Whitehall railroads, besides other corporations.
Mr Park of Bennington opposed the bilL He
believed that tbe passage ot tbe bill wouIJ de
crease instead of increase the grand list of the
state, and that the taxation of the state would
be increased under it, and that within the next
two Tears. This bill proposed first to tax the
Hanks of tbe state (exempting national banks)
and these would be wound up within the present
year. As to railroads, the bill weuld not reach
the most important roads in the state the Ver
mont Central and tbe Rutland ar d Burlington
for the reason that the stock was worthless,
and the roads ran by trustee of bondholders,
while the smaller roads would be heavily taxed.
He referred to the proposition to form corpora
tions by the Vermont Central and the Rutland
and Burlingtcn roads, and said it stock in such
corporations were to be taxed, it would prevent
capitalists from investing heir money in them,
and thus prevent important roads in the state
from being run by corporations instead of by
trustees as now. He had an interest in the in
crease of railroad facilities in this state, and had
urzed capitalists to invest their money in these
enterprises, because of the friendly legislation ot
this state, but pass this bill, and tax the stock
of these roads, and not one dollar of foreign ca
pital would ever be invested in them. If we
could not have the roads without exempting the
stock from taxation, let us do it ; but let us
have the roads, and thereby raise tLs value of
all property on tbe lines of tho roads, and raise
tbe grand list of thi state, instead of reducing
it by preventing them from being built by un
friendly legislation. Foreign capitalists would
never invest money wbere they must submi' to
the whole list of taxes county, town, village
and school district, as well aa state. Towns had
asked to be taxed tbat they might build rail
roads, and yet the state would adopt a policy
that would drive out of the state tbe very capi
tal required to build them. He understood that
the bill was designed to reach the Vermont and
Canada road, whose stock was -worth something
in the market, and in order to reach the taxa
tion of that stock, gentlemen would strike a
blow at the great railroad enterprises of the
state. The roads had all they could do to live
now, and if they are taxed, they must make it
up in increased rates that they would be obliged
The next property taxed was private corpora
tions, and that on the market value of the
stock, and if done in tho manner proposed by
the bill it would tax such stock for a much
larger proportion than other property. He
cited an instance of the formation of a corpora
tion for tbe purpose of developing some hidden
marble quarry. A company was formed on
foreign capital which was brought into the
State, and for the first one or two years they
spent money without receiving any returns.
But eventually lhy strike what appears to be
a rich vein, and their hopes are raised, and with
it the value of the stock in the market, and tbe
State here comes in and imposes a tax on what
is really a fancy carket value of that stock,
when it really proems not mere than two or
three per cent on the money invested. It was
unjust to tax such stock to the detriment of the
development of the resources of the State.
Asain, such stock was taxed in the localities
where it was owned, and to tax the stock ajaia
ia this State was an act of injustice, and would
drive capital eut of Ibe State, and so corpora
tions would ever a:ain be formed in the State
for the purpose of developing the resources of
tbe State. The State of New York did not tax
the stock of tbeir corporations, and it would be
Impcssible to induce tbe capitalists of that Stats
to come here to invest capital when it was to ba
taxed for every conceivable porpose. Ho re
ferred to the increasa ia the grand list of his
own town (Bennington,) solely from ths lact
that manufacturing corporations were springing
up there, which under this law would wind up
within twenty-four hours and lake their capital
out of tbe state. He believed if we did not en
courage tbe increaw of these manufacturing
establishments, instead cf crushing out by tax
ation that was sot imposed by other States, ws
should find our Uxts increased at least twenty
five per cent. He sa'yi if manufacturers. cams
here with their capital, I Ley would begin to sak.
what inducements the State afforded to tha In
vestment of this capital. Utrs was a school
i r i