Newspaper Page Text
t .-l-'tV Clerk
VOL. XXXV. NEW SERIES VOLXII
BURLINGTON, VT., FRIDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 528 I8G6
! Tor the Free Tie
Over the Srror.
(Her the river n? M"" K.
Are wait. " """""S oT eotoins to see;
Thool "7 S fcy the o'er the
rt I know they are wsiiafnod watching Air
rjtJ cu Us brisk, on iu dm verge I tread,
ilI star He to phtogr 'tteatk H dawk turbid
lc I stand tmnbKcg en the bank of the
jile the edU ckiUiiur waters beneath my
ii Toiece I hear in sweetest trains swelling.
falh on my ear. Oh ! as raawsumsjy street !
ihe song of seraph and angel bands tinging.
I .'be anthems of Heaven, that the freed spirits
nun snaM we mortab wtthdtaw the din
I last haaas like ariat o'er theitter of death :
i n'J scan Mi dark porta that hide from our
ar treasures departed to its mystical depths.
ra irith them sofHy. e'en down to it
lit dark spray we ted a we near lis cold tile,
pile ncstntan i waiting, coor tears are aa-
Ti.e current is entered they're borne rob
or v'skn l eclt udtd, wt per into darkness,
Eat Fsitb with her torcl light illsuxtines the
c iiiv the bright a.nr,eious of glory they re
Anl listen tt tr-caic frcm heaven's hallowed
;. I know that I too, am treading ll -pathway,
Adown its steep backs in its waters to lave;
.-i:. Jj I lift for the call ot' the boatman.
a oaia mnffled toaz i s tby part the dark
1 know that bcjcid, my laved cues re
i;- waiuK, anawatciims: uv eomm: to see.
-fh bid from tay pti liy the mists o'er the
c I know ther are waiting, are watehini; ft
-: cle, Vt.
M hat saau C'laan Brangh Mr.
bt rrrx jtwa o'biii s.
isle moon shimmered ibn.cch the blind ;
Irt-hrtken moased tbebemeiess wind.
I ' ;he whole worM was otiLmil.
.-1 men with wild bsxmomo diu.
1 tcrrets, rana the A 1 car in
itiut born wubont a sin.
tl a heap cf ache hear.
heart tbt rom bravely turr,
.lowed the pine log's iloll-rei core.
: is," thought 1 (ts aerial mirth,
. I dfrks. tingled to raj hearth)
.dlcr heart than mine on earth .'
lie solemn midnuH.t hour.
rn Clans, with m;ry poser.
ry i 1 oath bestows bw dower.
l.'let a cui'y head to-nicht.
rmms upon the pillow vhiie,
. r&rc vif:cns of delight
1 .. srelin, true to magic laws,
rsd tcL-;li the bed-dothe draw.
. sts for coming Santa nans.
ruc'i i urscry-rocite the vhispere ran
1 Jc-r i. Ihe dud is done,
: giLf hr the morning saw.
i a1.' klI wile with seeking eyes,
3 i r.'li n.ttt with sweet surprise ;
-i'cm no joy will rise
ri i l ut one cift prised by me,
ill ur pearl in Lite's dark sea :
J 1. i.c -U bring me Bertha Lee.
1 an j, or, u'yoong and bold,
1.' ugk her fondest lews I boM,
- not clasp the licks with gold.
L bitter words aa 1 rnsnlte sore,
i'ke: chased me from his door,
c rtha loved me all the more.
I Khen we met in secret, sa'd,
: dying year shall not he dead
! gnat sorrow shall have fled.'
women's heart, when skies are free,
iscre boats will tempt the sea,
. ;ht first clood torn and flee.
Bertha since that last saraet tryst,
' Hope frcm off her lips I kwsed,
:uvo sign that I sm nassed.
A I have haunted every place
1 c ny hope to see her face,
: :.kD, and no trace.
. r ntr j our triamph through the sky !
: t lUt the year sboold die ;
i-oum hisbnrial more than I."
thus I conned my sorrow o'er,
ri,fj a pain unknown brftre,
came a tapping at my door.
tap and then a pause,
f sib re?" "For me each bolt witbdraT's;
i p'.ft frcm Santa Chios !"
T'sven ! that vox it scarce eouUl be ;
tie quick tap the door naa free,
u my bresst lay Bertha Lee.
-, my heart all pale all cold.
" 1 the snow fronj ber hair of gold ;
Lcr as Love above conld bold :
"ag the chimes from belfries brown,
t.r ugh the vast triemphal town
u no joy that mine could crown !
It pht heard my joyous cry.
greet the New Year in the sky !
' fid me his coming so mneh ae I '."
BT ANDREW niU-lUAT.
!y dinner last Christmas day consisted of
1. lirucl for roast beef, gruel lor boar's
d, gn-tl for turkey, gruel lor plum-pod-
. piuel lor Trimro.r.i..a Iaf ahnonds and
t-s, russet sj pic, hibert. ok! orown Oc- ;
. tawnv nort. wasmil for all tb!
-'teas courses and dessert, gruel !
d looked forward to that Christines
' with a keen anticipation of pleasure I
ir.Titea to a count! y house, an ow-
ced country house, where Christmas
ten kept in reat state for many genc
ri ; a country house with corridors and
- (anels, and an old hall with a great
'-rig fireplace, specially designed for
'-1 s : just such a place as imaginative
'ts love to sketch in the CbristmaE num-
01 the illustrated papers and periodi
Iry. holly, snow, and robin-redbreasts
: Hazina fires, merry faces, warmth.
rt, aistletoe-bongh, and pretty girls
IVY'.. I ...... r .f ,
crrtTea at tnat time 01 111c ween 1
- ii .1 . 1 ' . . 1 . . 1 m
t jvj uit tiiesc tuinirb 10 iuu tun. vis
1 1. If .,.
1 say all. TbcTC arc periods of cxis
t.enaman oan enpy enly son.e of
, -lP 1 hayc mentioned. -A boy-cnioye
. u'-lee. tho turkey, tho plum-pud-
tho almonds and raisins : the
- man takes delight in tbe society of
, t tbiukip'' of them. But tbo middle-
j kitta. ajju eu ucuitu toi uu.
, "indless, alLenbracing enjoyment is 1
ti!s vrylhlo, raiksy, I
plum-pudding, almonds anil raisin?, old and opportunity to annoy others and benefit
port," pretty girls, a nap in liie easy-chair, a themselves. In Scotland the beggars arc
band at cards, a ciger, what not 1 " .Age. Las 'trapping farmers' tons, who shoulder the
its advantrges. its privileges : one of the ; as for tbc nonce, ami go round to the larm
latler I value very much. As a middle-aged houses tagging meal for tho poor, generally
ieitow, clone tor ung ago, l am tbc rcct-
pient of many rrctty, playful attentions from
tne eiris, wuuout exciting tenons envv or
jealous. It is my good fortune to liave a
bald bead. Do I astonish you by calling
that good fortune ? Let mo explain. Hie
Isold bead makes me look older thau 1 am.
It (tires me a settled-dawn, sedate appear
ance. The consequence is, that young and
pretty girls have no scruple about fondling
uc, even in the presence of their proper pa
ran a and jealous sweetheart?. 1 am ' old
Uncle Tom.'' The girls delight to play tne
off against tbeir lovers when the young fel
lows are jealous or sulky, as yonng folk:
in love ofun are and they come in a levy
of bounty end kneel ronnd my chair, nnd
pat my bald head, and tease ine in a most
delightful manner. I like thin, just as I
like to dandle pretty little sweet-iaord ln
hies on ny knee. That is to say, I take
their a tentions placidly, and enjoy tnem as
an abstract admirer ot beauty, and gayety,
and innoctnee, without a quickened emotion
or an extra beat oi the pulse, l'ou can't do
this when you are young, and your hair
cork. At that time of day you must bare
intentions," you must ask papa and mata-
ma, you iousc submit to be Kcowied at uj
jealous rivals, yon must be prepared to name
the day, the amount of settlement, and so
wnu. iiu, 1 nn miu wttiu. i tc euui;
through all that fire, and I have oome out a
cool bit of tempered steel, safe and true. I
have so many calm lores, yon see. Those
dainty bits of beauty rustling about me don't '
take away my appetite for surver, nor dash I
y relish for a giass of port My eTe wan-
deto away with perfect jontcntment from !
their flashing eyes and ruby lips to contem- I
plate tbc beeswing flatiitft in the wine-cup.
Nothing in the way of enpyment comes
amis to toe ; but I am wedcleO to no single I
pleasure. I take infinite delitHt in tbc ,
prattle oi my pretty Jane, bnt whci., at the
sound of the knocker, she rntbee away to
meet her dear EJward on the stair, I turn
without a pang to woo the amler lips of nv
With all this capacity for injuaient, 1: ,
was a sad disappointment to me last year t '.
be eented with a catarrh on the eve of Christ- ,
mas day- It is Horace, I believe, who says '
that no man can be supremely happy wbo i '
subject to a cold in the bead. 1 agree with '
him there entirely. 1 will even eo further,
and say that, of all tli- ill that flesh is heir
to, there is no one greater, cr harder to
bear, than a cold. It is an cspiring, ambi
tions, desperate mal.idv bile gout is
content to assail the f-jct, and celic modestly
take a middle ranee, a catarrh audaciously
attacks the citadel ot the bead, and lays all
. . li i-. : i ,t 1
Hie senate prostrate as one unm. nuwuit
tyrant bold sway yon cannot see, you can
not taste, yon cannot smell, yon cannot
think, and sometimes you cannot bear.
There is a certain depth of wretchedness in
the miflerings of the victim, when be does
nut care what becomes of him. I was at the
bottom of this slough of misery and despond
on Christmas morning. I bad hoped that
the tyrant would rckx'hie grip, but I might
have known better ; he never does ; be
makr a rule oi ruttine you through the
i whole p', tic middle par being half
1 1 could r.ut go to 0.ikhurt to tuy Chriat
j mas dinner that day. Everybody else in tho
1 bouse was going somewhere, except the
cook, w he as cn orphan, fifty jcars of age,
, a spinster, it bnter of bcr ajecios, and one
wbo j accustomed to say that Sundays
j and Satuidnys, Christraana ana Go d Kri
, days, mjdt 1:0 difference to her.
It was a dreary day alter everybody had
me. I sat alone by the fireside, moping
and miserable. On ordiaary slays I bad
ame visitors than 1 cared about. To-day
nobody came ; not even the doctor, though .1
had engaged him to attend my ease. It was
a glorn.ua day ieT him, knowing what to cat
drink, and avoid, and seeing other joyously
preparing Uiexneclvcs for draughts aijd pill.
But as for poor me, 1 was ready to cry when
I thought of my loneliness, sadness, awl de
eolation on that day when everybody else
was making roary. Everybody else ! Yes,
I thought rrrrvWyelsc except me.
The misanthropical cook came in to ask if
I would take a little ol the boiled mutton
which uhe had prepared for ber own dinner.
Such was that woman's misanthopy, such
her unchristian condition, that though she
was offered a piece of beef and materials to
make a little plum-pudding, all to herself,
she preferred boiled mutton and suety dump
ling. The cook, I say. came in to offer mc
boated mutton I had no appetite, 1 could
not swallow. I asked for gad, and I bad it
just about the time that "eveybody" was
sitting down to turkey. I did not eny grace
before that gTU'l. did anybody ever say
grace before gruel, or after? 1 was heath
enish, and summoned Philosophy 10 my aid.
Philosophy, whom I sbonld have expected
to appear in tie form of a grave old man,
with long flowing white locks, and tbc Book
of Knowledge in one hand and the magic
Wand of Experience in the other. did not
answer the summons. How should such a
OoM, sedate old spirit be within call of mor
tal 00 tbat day of native gladness ! lie was
no doubt asleep over bis musty old book. I
periLrmed another incantation. Into a lit
tle chins caldron I pot various charms, all
of which had been prepared with great care,
and brought with pains and peril from dis
tant iwtts of tbc earth, liquid rtd fire from
the western Indies, lumps ol sweetness
blanched in blood, drope of acid of tbc citrus
limonium, grown over tbe volcanoes ol Sicily
and waters made mad With fire. These I
mixed together with many conjurations, and
when I bad drunk of the charmed potion,
contrary to tbe express injunctions of my
doctor, High-l'iiest of Slops, I summoned
to my aid memory.
She came to my call, a cvtnely maiden
clothed in shadows, with n grave, "ft smilo
on her cheek, and a great depth of thought
hi her large, contemplative eyes As I gszed
at her dreamily, I fell into a pleasant, wak
ing trance, and saw the past roll up upon
v vision, like clouds from the west, that
the son glorifies in going down.
I wan not to be merry in the present that
Christmas night ; but the long loving maiJ,
Memory, was to make me merry in the past,
amid Chrietmss scenes, upon which the
dark curtain of time had lallen long ago.
Memory was more prodigal of her gifts than
present reality could be. The envied eTcry
liody eke was spending one Christmas. I
was spending a dozen.
The fiist Christmas of my experience rose
upon ray view, and I was a boy again, in
Scotland, being awoke at five o'clock in the
morning to drink sowara. Old style ttill
nrrvails m Scotland or did then, and
. . 1 r 1. , c T -n ...
1 bvc no recollection of roast beef and plum
Yule was ccieuraicu on iuc ui
ru.ldin . t r Jmvo a very vivia rccoueviiuti
ot Bowaii, a port of gruel mine irom int;
feruent'd gluten of oat-busks. Not by any
raeans a pleasant drink, even whin sweeten
ed with sugar or treacle. - But this was tho
iare peculiar to Yule, and wc got up in tho
middle ol tho mht to drink it. If there
were any not able to get up,baf ins of sowans
were carried to them in their beds. It was
in the country, at a Jarra-bousc. Tho great
sowans-drinking took p.lace in the large
kitcLcq. Neighboring swams came from
far and near, through the datknesa and the
snow, to join in the festivity. Behold Betty
the cook stirring a great pot cn the fire, and
a circle of lads and lasses around her. wait
ing to be served in wooden bickers. It might
have teen a religious, ccrcmonv, It was so
sad and solemn. There was no drinking of
healths, no einging or dancing, no mirth or
jollity, but ju6t a sombro drinking of gluten,
Wc did cot co to bed acim, but st up wait
ing for the "beggars." The beggars arc the
Scotch "waits," with a worthier mission.
Tbo miscreants, as Mr. Bats or Mr. Bab-
bago would call tfcem, who wake cs up in
tbt miAA'ip. of the ni.'bt in London with
doleful tqoeaking of a clarionet, are general-
ly loafwi d tdl skalki, who stit custom
, 'or ijnc torn widows, incy come with a
i sang, but not until daylight doth appear j
anu me lasses put on inur ocst caps and
wreathe their best smiles to girc them wel
come. Now comes the "rape of the kisses."
The sturdy, handsome young beggars throw
down their mcal-bagc. rush in among tho
lassc, and kiss them all around, amid such
a "skcllecliing" expressive word that
and giggling as never was heard. Then the
mi-trcss cf tho house gives the voung fel
low n dram, and in tbc true spirit of the
Saxon lefdey, or lady, dror with bcr own
bands a tnrtion oi meal into each bag. Thcro
arc many good souls, animated by tbc feci
i of the time, who do good deeds and blush
to let them known. Aware of this, the roor
old widows, when they receive the bounty,
take care to sift tbc meal, and oftentimes find
in the fieve a rexiduum o! shilling and six
A marked feature ot the l'ulc festivities
was a grand tea breakfast to tho tcrvants
and dependants. At ordinary times the ecr
vant&'breakfast consisted of oatmeal porridge,
milk, and oat-cakes. ltut on Yule morning
tbey had a breakfast of tea, white bread,
that is to v, bread made of fljur. ten'.
Uml lddoeks. Ah ! what is glonous'-ploy"
Ttbe only English erjuivalent for this word
I I can think of is "snrw." enrl tht ai
0'iitc express it was ihat l'ule breakfast !
In my vision 1 can sec Betty the cock at tbc
h"ad of the great deal-table, pouring out the
tea from a big, battered liritannfc-mctal
P't, into cupa ol all sizes nnd patterns ; while
d iwn the side arc seated ploughmen and
j'oughbuys, each with a buxom lass by
h 11 side, all laughing, giggling, and eating
at one and tbe same time. There is no stint
est white bread and butter, but the allowance'
of tea, which is n rather expensive article al
t! is time of day, is limited, and the infusion
-i on pales belorc tbe brisk and active de
mand. I remember somcthine: about its not
being genteel to take more than two cutis of
tea, and to drink out of tne saucer ; but as
the tea cjmes but once a year on this scene, '
till such etiquette is thrown to tho winds. ;
I can hear lietty saying new, I dcclaro j
that loon (Anglice, ''uv,') Ucordic has bad '
fourteen cups " 1 don't doubt it. Ueordie ,
bid t een gulping down cup after cup, and
-ending up for mure with astonishing des
patch. The color had gone out of the lipoid
Out witat was mat 10 iieortiie or
Jamie, or Jessie or Jenny, ro long as it ran j
out ot a teapot, and left some grouts at the
ooiiotn 01 sue cup iu ten iuriur.c uy : i oat
rare fun wc bad reading fortunes in the
ci.r-5 ' It afforded such a capital opportu-
nity for lads and lasses to Icok ovir each
other's shoulders, and get their lips and
cheeks together. And u hen rosy checks and
vurm lips approach within a certain range
of each other, tbey are fcpt. like the magnet
and the bit of steel, to conic suddenly into
collisi.io. They sit long, with lingering
delight, over their tea breakfast (long after
the leaves and tho batter and the haddocks
had disappeared), to read the cups; and
great was tbc laughter when the eloee juxta
preition of a long stalk of tea and a short
stalk of tea, followed by a motley crowd of
stalks of all six;, was declared to portend
tbcBurriagc oi.Wiilic the griere (bwiliff)
with Annie the little housemaid.
There is co going ti church in Presbjter
lan Scotlntid on Christmas day. No re-iigious
exercises of any kind hold a place in my me
mory in connection with old Yule It was
merely a holiday in tbc schoolboy's sense of
tbo word. a day ol play. The one amuse
ment especially associated with the occasion
was a shooting-match, at which the highest
prize was a gun, or a silver watch, and the
lowest a bean kame. Do you know what a
bran kame ie? Let mc whisper in ycur ear.
A bono comb, that kind of comb which has
small teeth ! I remember Jamie coming
home from the shooting looking very glum
"Weel, Jamie," said Willie, "have you
won the gun'.'"
"Nor the watch?"
"Have yc nae won onything?"
"Oo ay, I've just won tbe bean kame!"
'Weel," said Willie, wbo was a bit of a
wit in his dry way, "I'm just thinking
you'll be likely to do nwir execution with
the bean kame than with the gun "
I Icily and mistletoe do not enter into the
Scotch Christmas rites. When 1 think of
these things my vision changos to a farm
bouse in Rent, wtcrc I spent my fit Eng
lish Christmas. 1 am realizing what I bad
often read of in books. I go out to the wood
to assist in bringing home tho Yule-log. 1
am assisting an elderly spinster to decorate
the rooms with holly and mistletoe. I re
member here, pleasantly, over my gruel ,1kw
I fell plump over head and ears in love with
bcr, though she was old enough to be my
mother, and made no attempt to conceal her
liking lor gin-and-wtcr. She bad a girlish
way with her that captivated mc, a way of
giggling and sbaLing bercurK 1 was quick
to le-ain the privileges of ar English Christ
mas, and kissed 1 cr under ' se mistletoe the
moment she hung it up. It was she who
started up, aa twelve o'cloek struck on the
eve, to let Christmas in. I ran with her to
the door, and kissed her again. I was very
happy then, fur I did not find out until af
terwards that Miss Lizzy was giddy even to
the verge ot lunacy, and had loved and been
in love a hundred times. On Twelfth-night
she tryetcd mc to tbc orchard at ten o'clock
at night, and there, under a chcrry-trcc,
while the moonsbono bright, she said :
"Tom, let us be married, nnd fly to for
1 had dreamt ol something ot tne xina ;
but this abrupt way of proposing to settle it
cooled my ardor.
"Give mc," said I, "time for reflection."
" " Love;" she replied, almost fiercely,
"never reflects "
Miss Lizzy had money, and her friends
found it expedient to prove, which they did,
that she was non compos. But she made a
very sane remark that time under the cherry
tree, by the light of tbe moon, when cho
said that "love never reflects." After long
experience 1 am prepared to say it docs not.
For tho first time in my life, at that Ken
tish farm-house, I heard "tho waits singing
the Christmrs carol ; for the first time 1
went to church on Christmas day, a church
decorated with evergreens, what a Eight to
mc ! For the first time I saw the boar's
head and the flaming Christmas pudding
brought in with due ceremony. English
people grow up from infancy accustomed to
these Christmas rites, and arc littlo impress
ed bv them. But upon the mind and sym-
pathy ot an aauit stranger tncy ettt.u
the force and charm of enchantment. The
very remembrance of that Christmas day
brings a thrill of pleasure, which 1 fear no
Christrais ol tho future will ever stir, in my
accustomed breast. ,
This vision fades, and another rises in its
stead. A pleasant foregathering or chil
dren, and children's children, on Christmas
day round a granddad's board. It was our
o-cd host's birthday too. Ho was ninety
two years ot age that very Christmas day.
A little, feeble old man ho was. almost as
helpless as a child, bnt still cheery end
hearty. When tho children and the grand
children the eldest child was threescore
came in from church, they fonnd the old
man seated in his arm-chair directly under
the branch of mistletoe. His J?''
dauchtcr (who had remained unmarried for
hcrSpoor'liiath'aKlk' that she might
live with him and attend upon him), had
placed bim there to bo kissed, like a pretty
habv Two generations made a rush at him,
an' almost smothering him first, nearly
devoured him afterwards. It was an affect
mc sicht to sec so much love centring in a
pJor old man, sitting, as it were, on the
ve brink of tho grave. The oU
Tor very happiness, and his good danghter
had to go and wipe away his tears, for he
was too table to perform even that . offiei Hftr
hiiKclf. At dinner-time ho sat at the ceaa
of hU table, as ho had always dose, though
riJ?' fbEa w .Ll,d 1;SJ.bElf ,a Klaf
Z?l i. . ?H ! fc? ehccrcd
Wonderfully' and lirrnme nnitn mrriitnn.
about the days of his youth, when" he was
"a sad young dog, sir," and knew all the
sparks and bloods about town
One reminiscence of his makes me cherish
a particular remembrance of this Christmas
uay. lie had once teen Dr. Johnson. When
WAS IL VPTV littl. Im-r hia fttUn k.,1 l.M
. - - i ' u,ut. , icaii t nigrum luXILV a QOISC
nim up in a crowd ncr Temple Hir, to look nnd wake them. I w.mld have given nny
at a lat man in a brown coat and a shovel! thing to sneak away; hut I was hound to
nat. And that fat nun rn th f.rpnt l.vivw ' nn.i i. . .. . .1 , ,
And that fat nun was the "rent l.-riivi-
"Uid you ever sec Olitcr Goldsmith?"
"No. he never saw him."
Uut you beard a great deal about hitn,
at that time?
, 1 5 Bc " ' ller much about 0'ir
L-oldsmith. Johnson was jhc great man."
1011 am iinauicc that, can vnu nut?
f he talking turn much heard of ; the fjuitt j James showed mc the-door, in fact, and
man ol tliought and modest genius unre- I went forth into the keen frosty night with
garded . a F' - that the free air, at leat, was sea-
Sutne great-granJchil Iren came in iu the s. le. Gain; borne throu -h tbe chilly
evening. One, aged five, a pretty little pus, str s. seeinj; the brigttly-lightrd windows,
with blue eyes and tl xen hair, bchnyed and hearing tbc siund ol merry voices with
quitcin a motherly manner tjwards her in, I felt, even aft. r my sumptuous dinner,
great-granddad ; kissed him patronizingly &s ir I wete homchs', friendless, and hun
on botti checks, patted his bald head, and gry. on that Christina night,
making hiru comfortable in his chair, talked The scene chmges once nv.re, hrincin"
to him soothingly in babylin,;uage. Ttiere back to mc a Cbriitmas day big with my
were fiur generations round the supper- j rate. 1 w nevrouj, excited", and bad no
tabic. The old nun was sj j rjud and so apatite. Wa 1 ill, or was I going to he
happy that he wouM icsiet upon sitting up married? Xcittier. Wassail, flowed in
long after bis usual bedtime. When bis abundance, but not for ni Pretty sirls
uauguu-r sai-a it was nme ior oy-ny, ne
snapred his fingers at her, demanded anoth
cr glass ol punch, and declared lie would
sing us a song. There was a cipital song
that Captain Morris used to sing, be saiJ.
but but he couldn't remember it He, he
i u tan.- im iuu, vapvaiu .'iojriK. a rare
. . 1 1.1 . 1 . . . -
Wade ; oould sing a Qrst-rate sjng. No;jloxcs? .Not exactly that ri-b. r ; but 1 m
he could n't remember that sons, but he j reckoning with fear" and trnhhliiig what I
nuuiu iu ieuieiuuer anoiner. jnti
presently, after a good dcil of cogitation,
the nonagenarian struck up, in a shrill,
"Here's to tbe maiden of b ushing fifteen,
Here's to the widow of fifty;
Here's to tbe fliuating ex rarsgvat qustn.
Here's to the "
At this point his momory failed him, ami,
thinking lor some time, lie said :
""ccr minJ, we'll eing tbe chorus."
"Let the glass pass,
We'll drink to the lass,
I'll Ksrrvct she'll j rove an e.v.eur f..r the
Tbc next verse escaped him altogether, aul
llc he would sing us another capital
song, called the Vicar and Moses. But be
forgot that too, and vent Nek to the chorus 1
of "Here's to the maiden " and finished up I
hy drinking his half-glas of weak punch, t
rith some faint imitation of tbe mmncr ot ,
tbe rearms blade he used t- be when he wjs
h was not till twelve o'clock struck that the
M great-granddad weukl consent to
And then his loving daughter took him by
the arm and helped him to bis room, when
she put him to bed and tacked him up lik
a child. !
Ala- ' he sleeps in bis hv-t bed n iw ; the 1
old be.irth is desolate-; the children are
scattered, never to meet more until tbey are j
tue.yv, ... w.c tM.vt e ..ouso e-t ;
many Mansions ... ,
The next Christmas day that rises on the
magic disc oi memory is suggested by tbe one
I bare just described ; not because it wa
like it, but htcausc it was rery unlike it. It
is memorable as one ol the coldct, most un
comfortable Christmas days 1 ever spent. I
had three invitations to dinner that day.
One to a country house, a long distance from
ldon ; tba tecoud cauic from a homely
l imily in the natural wilds of Islington ; and
lite third was conveyed to ue by an aristo
cratic pcisonage, with a handle to his name,
who resided in the unnatural tameneeses of
Bclgravia. He was not a duke, nor a lord,
bat be was something even more awful,
grand, and unapproacliable, for he was a
sct.-mib'c baronet wbo wrote D. C. L , and
LL. I)., and F. IL S., and F. It. G. S., Ac.
after his name.
The terms in w bieb he couched bis invi
tation make it clear to me n iw thoueh 1
lid nut perceive it at tbe time that lie ia
v ited me rather in 1 ity than in spirit of
genial hospitality. The note was written
un very thick cjarse-graincd piper. (I
wonder why thick coarse-grained piper is
considered aristocratic'; adorned with a
coat-cf-arms, and the handwriting -was an
illegible scientific scrawl. (I wonder wby
Kcience, which is so accurate and precise m
other things, always writes such a lad
hand.) And the gieat man, liirt,, I). C. I..,.
I.L 1)., F. It S., F. It. S., 4c, said, as weli
: i 1 could make out, that I" might come
1 d " cat my Chri-tmas dinner" with him.
1 did n't like that phrase, "eat my Christ
mas dinner " To be sure it wa the piur
Ise of the thing ; but i: was, I thought, a
1 dd-blooded way of putting it. I remem
ber now that I had turned author about that
period. I dare say he thought a dinner
at any time would le a charity to mc. My
desire to dine with a baronet, however,
blinded mc to any offence that might have
lurked in the terms of the note ; and dis
diimng humble Islington, whero I should
have been supremely happy, I accepted the
1 went in full ivcuing costume, and ar
1 ived at the grand mansion a quarter an
I ur lelorc the thing appointed, which wis
s x o'clock. I was received in the hall by n
stately footman, wbo conducted mc to the
di iwing-room. The Baronet was there,
suited in his armchair, absorbed in a Re
view with a sombre cover, indicating that it
was solemn and solid and scientific. He did
not rise to bid mc welcome ; but carelessly
extended three cold fingers for mc to shake,
and said "How do?" ' Nothing about a
merry Christmas to me, or any seasonable
greeting of that tort. Indeed, there wcro
no signs of Christmas in tho house. Tho
drawing room wss very elegant, with rich
curtains, toft couches, large mirrors, marble
l usts and statuce.and a great deal of gilding ;
but my eye searched in vain lor tho pleasant
twinkle of a hollybcrry or tho glint of a
mistletoe leaf. The Baronet's guests drop-p-.d
in one by one. They were all males,
and as tbey mostly appeared with tumbled
hair, and wore spectacles. I judge that, like
their host, they were scientific, and wrote
capital letters after their names. It proved
There were uo ladies of the family except
her ladyship, and she excused herself from
cominc down to dinner on the ground of in
disposition. So wc, the male guests, tum
bled down to the dining-room in a disorder
ly mob. On tbc stairs I heard "superphes
pTlnte" mentioned, also "carbonated"
s jmcthing, likewise an allusion to "caloric"
It was a magnificent dinner, with every
thing proper to the season, and many other
tl ings besides. It struck mc, however, that
ti e viands proper to the season tho turkey,
tl e- roast-bccf, and tbo plum-pudding were
ii.troduccd almost apologetically, in defcr
ei -c to prejudice and foolish custom. It
w .s a long time before wc came to the tur
k. y, nobody took roast-beef, and the plum
pudding was a little thing made in a shape,
with no spring of holly in it. and without
a glory of blazing brandy. Everything was
banded round by two silent rootmcn. And
tbc guests were almost as Eilent as tbc at
tendants. At no time was there a general
conversation; but after the champagne bad
gone round, 1 beard one gentleman, with
tumbled hair and spectacles, say something
to a gentleman next bim, with a rumpled
shirt and spectacles, about albumen in con
nection with the vcal-cutlcts ; while tho
sizht of the plum-pudding fluted to a
third gentleman, with a laid head and a
black stock, a grava remark about sacchar
ine matter and prosaic acid.
After dinner tho scientific gentiemea
drank a good deal 01 wine ; bat it seemed to
havo no particular effect upon them, except
to make their faces red. Ihcy did not be
come at a jolly, and merry Cnmtma was
not once alluded to. After tea, which
was 'served in the drawing-room. -banded
round a rosgoiiwt, lJ
of 3,rcr- h the !ca.nest of the two footmen,
UP thc Kronct and his gurst-wil!i the excep
tion of four who sat down to play whist for
half-crown points in a corner, ditnlv lichted
by two tall ycllow-lookin wax-candlesi
went to sleep. I was not rlccpy. My din
ner bad not wanned my bhtnl a bit, nor ad
ded n throb to my pule, and I fat uncom
fortably awake in the- mid.t of the sleepers,
I f i 1 ...
wu u.u uij ,iv3. 'F i'lj;rl. 1 iuuqu
an ojiportunity at last.
nijht, sir ; I m very I
; I cookl nit siv it.ani the Bironet did
not care whether I -lid it or tint. He gave
, mc, witi out rising, the samp three fingers.
f'H cnW. ami said.
, Good niKht to you. J.4ine. sl ow Mr"
Il r..n .: i...
1 stool under the nutlet. nnd tempted me
not. In tbe midst of the irth and jillity.
I was moodv. thoughtful, aoi anxioua.
Something was going to h-ipt.cn on the mor-
u.t. .1 E nui tnrihtiaDS aty mat 1
thought abuut, buttle day alter. Was I
1 : ... .
rccKoning wnat 1 Slioul 1 )
nii'iii eineet tram 1 nri.ti,:i i..t.
and callety I bsd written I'hri-tnia-.
piieee for a theatre, and to-nwri jw would
bring boxing-night, and scccew r failur.
I remember, while lo iking out ( the win
dow tuiunim, not Chri-lnias dir. . but iu;
own comic song, thit a crow lh w by Was
tint an omen? Ai. t was car cnwagK-d
omen? Tbc wi-h being h the f totl 0 th 'ight,
1 comforted myself with the con ij-.ioo that
it was a good omen. Presently a -r.-jr.d
crow flew by. No, 1 was wrong. Iwuciuws
were a goid omen. By and by a third erw
Ucw past. Ab ! now I rcmemUr, it i
three crows that constitute a guod omen.
No more crows came, and I was quite sure
of i Three cr.s bad up.pc-c.rcd to me. and
the piece would Ic asuic. v. But I
am anxious and doubtful, and my heart is in
a flutter. I am realizing once- m re in mrii
'.ry a sensation whie'h 1 am a'ruid I .-hall '
never re-hze again in aetn.ili:. . I r I bate
come- 1 1 estimate applause at it- ! ue value ;
I have come to know that that !ii -ii is ap
plauded tbc must is generally l!. ir n : icri de
serves it tbe least.
1 was bowing
i ile in,huutie'
to the pnMie iii
call uhici: wL
:i W. r .
ue- th it
night the happiest man in In!
the sound of tbe knocker dispell.! the vision,
ana announced tnat my p-e -j i. had come
home from their Christmas ft jtiweue Tbey
grt"ncern that I bad b en end. runcd to
apul. ixcd for beme so late, m.d exir.s'ed
IkocJuhss and gruel ouCbri-iuits d.tv.
Had I thuuebt the time l.icir? " NVt at
ail," 1 said. Have vcu, r..d' r ' If ni'.
ylavdttr el ralrlr.
Tux .Mo.Mir ami ths I)kiK.tBu. Mr. Pol
lard states that in hie drinking days be was
tbe companion cf r man in Arundel county.
Maryland, who had a monkey that be valued
at a t'tousand dollars.
We always took him out on chestnut par
ties, and when be could not shake them ..&",
be would go to tbe very end ef the limbs
and knock thcui rT witb his fi-t. Ur.e day
we stopped at a tavern and drank freely.
Al. lit I slf ti glass was left and Jack drank
it up. S-n lit was merry, Lopped uud
danced and set u in a roar ef laughter.
Jack was druuk. Wr all aarc d, six of us.
that we would come to the tavern next day '
and get Jack drunk again and have sport ail
day I called at my friend's h ate next 1
morning and we vcnt out tor Jm-L Instead
of firing, as uf ual. 00 the box, l.t was not ,
to be -ten. We looVcd inside ji.-I there t-c
was, eroucbed up in a heap.
"Come out here ! " said his master.
Jack came out on three legs ; his toicnaw 1
on Ma head. Jack had the- heidaebe
knew what wss tbe matter with him ; he
felt j.ist as I did many a m ruing. Jack
was sick and couldn't g. S- c visited ,
tbtee days. We then went, and whil drink- i
ing, a glass was provided for Jack. But ,
where was he? Skulling behind the-e-hairs. 1
"Come here. Ja-'k, and drink," s.iil bi
master, hold in? out the glass to hiai.
Jack retreated and as the door was open,
elipjcd out and in a moment was at the top
uf the house. His master went out to call
him down, but be would not come. He got
a large whip and shook it at him. J.-ek sat
on the ridge-pole at.d refuted to oly. His
master got a gun and pointed it at him. A
monkey is much afraid of a gun. Jack
slipjicd over the back side of the houtewhen
he saw his predicament, at once whipped
upon the chimney and got down in one of
tbc flues, holding on hy his furcpans. The
master was beaten.
The man kept the meckey twelve years,
but could never persuade him to t. urh an
other drop of Iiijuur. Ti e lieast bad more
sense tban the man vbj has an immortal
soul, and thinks himself tbe first ami best
of God's creatures oil cattb.
MesnznAT Fka.nconu, N. II. George
MaxRill was brutally uiutdered at i'ran
conia. N. 11.. en Siturday eveninc. He
lived 1 lone, keeping hi own house, and was
found Sabbath morning in his pantry, lying
in a p ol cf blood. The appearances about
the huute indicated a severe and long strug-
lc. There were several sticks of wood, cvi
cntly used in the conflict, which were cov
ered with blood ; and everything about the
house was in confusiuu and very bloody.
Maxwell's skull was broken iu several places.
After the murderer had killed his victim, he
took an axe and struck hitn twice upon tho
bend, one blow nearly severing his brad
from his body. He then drank a cup ot tea,
and taking what provision there was in the
house, fastened up the doors, went to the
barn and harnessed Maxwell's horse, and
started toward Canada. He wjj traced as
(ar as Lancaster, where he left the wagon
and harness in the woods. The selectmen of
Franconia oflcr 500 for his apprehension.
Maxwell was a quiet, sjber, inoffensive man
of forty-fit 0 or fifty years of age, had no re
lative in this part of the country, and always
lived alone and because of this, the murder
was n it discovered till twelve hours after it
was committed. The supposed murderer is
an Englishman named Samuel Mill.', who
had been employed in that vicinity as n
miner at tho Copper Ore Works. He broke
into a trunk at Lisbon the night previous to
this murder, and stole a gold watch and from
seventy to eighty dollars in money, and left
Lisbon on Saturday, saying to some of his
friends that he was going to Canada, end
tried to buy a revolver, saying that it might
be handy for hiai on bis" way. Ho was
traced from Lisbon to Franconia, on tbc road
leading to Mr. Maxwell's house. The horse
and wagon of the murdered man, have been
found at Gorbam, where tho murderer
stopped over Sunday with an acquaintance.
From there he jvent on Monday morning by
a freight train on tho Grand Trunk Itail
road to a station about six miles from Island
Pond, where he lelt the cars and struck for
the woods. He has since been traced tj
Montreal ; but thus tar has alluded arrest.
Rogers used to relate this story : An
Englishman and a Frenchman fonght a duel
in a darkened room. Tho Englishman, un
willing to take his antagonist's life, gener
ously fired up tbc chimney and brought
down the Frenchman. .'When 1 tell this
story in France," pleasantly added tho re
lator, "I make the Englishman go np the
c. c. & it. I. uE.NEDitrr.
EDITORS J15D ranPRIETOSS.
rniD.vr mohnixo, December 28. i866.
The Case ot Nebraska
benatur t ade tried Lard to press to its
passage tbc bill admitting Nebraska with
constitution expressly restricting suffrage to
tho whites ; hut failed, the Senate adjourn
ing over the recess without action on tho bill.
an interesting debate took place on it
in which Senator Edmunds took a leading
part, maintaining the principles of freedom
and equal rights asserted by him in his
speech on tho Colorado bill. Wc copy frcm
the proceedings of Thursday :
The bill to admit Nebraska was tLen taken up.
Mr. Edmunds of Vermont took tbe floor in
support ef the amendment cf Mr. Broun, at
taching the condition of impartial suffrage upon
the admission of the State. Uc maintaiaed that
CoDgr. ts had the right to make conditions pre
cedent to the admission ef a State, and that it
would Le retrograding from the principle of
equal rights asserted in the District Suffrage
bill, to permit an incoming State to deny suf.
frace on account of color. Neither the Ccnerees
of 1851 nor that of 1SG4 bad any right to fore
stall the action of this bedy : but the Enabling
act of 1 86 1 had net contained anything incon
sistent with the proposed requirement of strik
ing out the word "Khitc-" It visa the right as
well aj the duty of Congress to scan closely any
1 hertrightin the people cf this Territory to
I cook in on their own terms. The Senator from
. Ohio, who had always been in the front racks
' of liberty, would not deny that in a republic all
men guililiss of crime had the right of franchise
' irrespective of race ; that the right of a voice in
1 selecting Iaw-uakcrs belonged as much to the
ignorant man as to the intelligent, was th
1). moeratic theory.
Mr. V ade asked whether, if Ccngrcts could
establish such permanent conditions, there wcnlJ
be any rights reserved to States.
Mr. Edmunds If wc cannot admit a State
upon a cooditicu, then what becomes of oar esc
Iiliou that the pcopli of Kansas or Nebraska
'Lall never let up slavery T If we have power to
that, why tot set up any other arbitrary
condition. He enppoeed thst ths Senator, like
Kuius Choatr, supposed thst the Declaration of
IcJcttndrace was only a glittering generality,
at. J 'hit the rights of humanity were cf little
Berennt. He regretted to see thst Senator's
ei u;re on this bill. They never could have any
ptrirvnent prosperity in a departure frcm jus
tice. Mr. Wade denied that he bsd receded from
V.- position as an advocate cf liberty. He was
nut, however, an extremist. Using tight of prac
ticality, so as to fail in accomplishing good. He
was n-1 lo le frightened by a red rag.
Mr Edmunds asked whether it was right to
deny rurTroge to a class.
Mr. WaJe thought cot, but said he never
gnspij at the ghest of a principle when it was
man i.c.ble. lie had always shown by his acts
that he l:d not consider the Declaration cf Icdr.
penlei.ee a glittering generality. He thought
it was sot in the power of Congress to force an
utie&aujziaoie law on a territory.
Mr. Sumner called the Senator's attention to
the fact that in tbe enabling act there wtre three
Mr. Pc-ineroy. of Kansas, argued that if the
etntiiiuii' n wss to have any validity at all, it
niLtt U sul muted to the people. Ile thought
the bi'l cuuld be amended in to other way. He
wuuld vote for the bill.
Mr. Howard, of Michigan, ccmbstted the pro
lH.sit.in ihat Congress had a right to impose
irro..aMe conditions upon new States, and ar
gued that there must be perfect equality between
the Ststes. If such a thing were possible, by
lbs mbh iul CoDgrrss could forta a complete
oode ot Stsie btws and mske them irrevocable.
Ii would deny all tbe reserved rights of States.
II et aid nci tote for it ; ncr did he believe it
would ever aieet ihe ssnetion cf the people.
Mr. Imuuda replied that it had alwsys been
he'J in l.'s siistr, which wss older in Republic
anism than M-cbigan, that the !sws of Congress
were sive the Slste laws, and were the su
preme laws of tbe land.
Mr. Howard mid Michigan had the prece
dence of Vermont in joining the Republican par
ty, by a week.
Mr. ijimucd would tvy to the Senator thst
teftire the gills nt little Slste of Michigan wss
bom the Leg:Ulurc of Vermont had affirmed
this j rinciple. This wss na new power propossd
to be rxereised by C'oegress.
Tuk BeMiat tT Bitx. Mr. Poland made
I ' an in. fbi-'u.il off .rt on Monday to call up for
ctim-i.lt ration in the Senate, House bill No.
,W. tn'itltd "An act to establish a uniform
svotrm of bankruitry throughout the Uni
ted .State," the- mjtion to take up the Nc
brusxa bill for the admission of that State
havirg prtv .i!d. t"hc amendments to the
lull pros, si i by tbe Judiciary Committee ol
the Senaw an-ss follows: First, giving the
apii..tnuit ol the Registers m Bankruptcy
to the Judges uf the District Courts, in
strvd . f ihe Circuit Courts, and without the
noraimtion and recommendation of the
Chief Justice or tbe L'nited States ; second,
in section ten " any two of the Associate
Justices of the Supreme Court" are substi
tuted fur tbe' Sto Coiaaiissioners named in
the act to sarin the Chief Justice of the
Supreme Court in framing general regula
tion, Ac ; third, an amendment strikes
out in the thirtieth section the words " no
discharge shall be granted to a debtor a third
time bankrupt ;" fourth, provides for the
tri il f any question of fact presented by
any crcditoi at a stated sis-ion of the Dis
trict Court, instead of by a jury ; fifth,
sttikr out tbe pirotisiun in section thirty
three, which prohibits the discharge of a
debtor whose assets do not pay fifty per cent
uf the claims against his estate without the
assent of tbo insj-jrity (in value) of his
creditors. In ell other essential particulars
the bill remains the same as it passed tho
House of Representatives, and is generally
esteemed a good bill.
Gen. Gpant Annmilatep. Tbc Rutland
IltralJ pitched into Gen. Grant the other
day, in the following fashion :
If Gtn. Grant's position is not humiliat
ing," aje. degraded, we should like to know
what possible event could make it so. Were he
a man or spirit, he would reiign a
he could net hold with honor, or putting on re
cord bis indignant prottst against the acts of his
superior, let the nation know in unmistakable
terms his own position cn the matter. Yet it is
such a man as this, that some men are endeav
oring to bntig before the people as the next
Union nominee for tho Presidency. We must
have no man eo utterly destitute of feeling ss
Grant has always shewn himself, thrust upon
u, simply because of his avsibbility. A posi
tive, tried, true snd act ve mn, of positive
feelings, must be nominated. We have had
enough ot availability fur a few jesrs at least.
As Gen. Grant makes no reply to this, the
unavoidable inference is that Gen. Grant
pleads guilty to bis degradation, and aban
dons all aspirations for U.c presidency, if he
has ever had any. Of course we all know
he isn't a man oi any spirit, and when he
talked abcut "fighting it out en this line,"
it wes all talk, a txtie pretence of spunk
put on to deceive Mr. Lincoln. It is too
bad, really, that Grant can't hold his present
pesition, and we can't help feeling a little
sorry that be sLould be to unceremoniously
knocked cn the head by the Herald as a pos
sible candidate Tor President, because wc
have really thought be would make a very
good one. However it can't be helped now,
and we only hope the Herald will tell us wbo
l we may bars, tine w mustn't bars Grant
Correspondence of the Boston Joornal-1
The ndvancement of Italy.
LETTER FltO.1t " r AnLKTON.J
Florence, Nor. 16, 1SCC
The struiuleof 1859 the short, decisive cam
pvign. beginning at Magenta and ending at
Solferino. by which tbe Ausirians wtre pushed
uut 01 LKimDsruy, wvs rouoweu hy the re to
latiou ia Tuscany. Naples or tho Two Sicilies.
as thst Kingdom wss ca.IeJ- and the Stitts of
the Church, all of which, with the exception of
tuc present lemiory 01 tne 1 ope, were annexed
to Sardinia To speak more correc:ly, we shoul I
say, thst tbe Constitution and King of Sardinia
were accepted by the people of these kingdoms
nuu uucuici, sou mat naiy rcamc a nation.
Naples at that time wss ground to poverty
anddegradsticn between two millstones. Ihat of
the Uonrton hang and that of tbe Church.
na ch ground hardest it is difficult to say. The
King wss a despot and tyrant ; he wss, how
ever, cut one man, while thoss rcchsiostics who
lived upen the pcopla were cumbered br thou
snnds. There were 1020 rsiabljthments for
men, containing 13,611 mcnk, of whom SS'J'J
were mendicants. Tbe remtininc -1712 had an
annual revenac of S'.ioO.OOO. In addition there
were Z,l nunneries, contsininr 8.001 nuns.
having an annual income frcm invested nroner.
ty of SJ50.000. makinza total annual income of
cne mulicn eight haudred and cighjy thcustnd
dollars, cocsamed by 12,713 men and women,
who were nrn-producers in the community, and
who, however fervent their pravers mty hv
been, gave only prayers and the counting cf
ucaua in return, wita perhaps on the pvrt 01 the
nuns occasional nursing to the sick.
The valuation of this Drorxrtr is etimal nt
about fifteen million dollars.
it e are not to confound tbe convents and nun-
zeries with the churches, which are DO'rl
of almost fabulous wealth. Tbe repcrt oa the
valuation of ihe property of tbe king-lom gives
the total annuiif revenue of the coltrges, chap
ters snd churches at thirtien millioit tro hun
dred thoutand dollar 1 Ltt tils le oj pit sl
ued at four per cent, and we have an invest
ment of over ninefen hundred million U.llarx,
mined and controlled ty the Jtoasa t'anrcA
in Italy, not indudiDg the enormous wraith ac
cumulated at Rome ! This is ab-jut equal to
four-fiflhs cf the present nstivnat debt cf the
United States, the whola of which has been
taken from the peopls by various methods.
It is hardly possible to conceive of the ignor
ance and debasement of tbe p-ople when the
constitution of Sardinia was ener.le.1 over
Naples asd the States taken from the Church.
Those provinces which had been under the I'ope
were lowest down in the settle Ia thst territo
ry, accerding to the census of VKt, of every
1000 persons, 012 couhl neither real nor write !
Throughout the whole of tbe Biadicataand
Naples, more than nine-tenths of the people
were neither able to read and write. Pielraont
stands highest of all the provioces in the scale
cf intelligence, bat there 57 0 t of every 1000
are unable to read or write.
According to tbe census of lKd, out of a total
population of 21,703, 710, there wire only S,
cSI,21o who could read aad write ! Here waj
a country where the Roman religion was the
only religion. Edacvtion was wholly in the
hands of the priests, monks and nuns, who
wtre under tbe jurisdiction of the Pope, and wbo
were independent cf tbe State In Naples alone
here were 3001 large parishes which had no
schools, and the few schools which were iu exis
tence - rre taught by men who were devoid of
the coot clrmentiry knowledge. Let me not
be understood as saying that sH of the Romish
priests are ignorant and degraded men ; on the
contrary many of ibem are learned awl accom
plished, bat such mtc are net found teaching
common schools ; they occupy high positions in
the church, or in ecclesiastical colleges.
To comprehend the condition of Italy as it
was two years agi we mast compare it with the
United States or as the Coifed Starts would he
if it wtre like Italy. Imagine all New England,
New York. New Jersey. I'ecDsjlvsnis. Ohio.
Indiana, Illinois aad Michizsn to heve Ia than
cm thouJ echets, ami nft toe people cf these
states, every man, woman ana cfttta, to be un
able to read or write seventeen millions in
utter ignorance, and yeu will have the condition
WHXT BUS BEES DONE.
In 1E61 the law which bad been applied to
the ecclesiastical ettshhthnsente id Sardinia was
iztended to Naplis and the provinces acquired
from the I'ope, aad a large aumbtr of monas
teries and nunneries were broken up and the
revenues devoted to public ins ruction.
The Minister of I'uhfio Instruction, went to
work with great vigor establishing eorassoa
schools. By the report of 1SC2 it appears that
tbete were tatn established 1003 schools for
boys and '22 fcr girls, with 01.250 bnvs and
30,567 girls in attendance. Ia addition, there
were 91 1 evening schools fcr adults, ha-in;
Thirty-three normal schools have been esta
blished for the education of teachers. The new
Italian government has voted an annual appro
priation of 3,000,000 besides the revenue from
the confiscated States. From an official return
laid before the Chamber of Depaties daring the
session of IS60, it appears that there were still
at that period 2392 ecclesiastical establishments
ia the Kingdom, containing 2$ ,991 persons,
one-half of whom were men. Of these, 8229
were beggars of their daily bread. A bill was
introduced Into the Chamber of Deputies, at its
last session, for tbe entire suppression of these
establishments, and became tejaw, but it bas net
yet been put ia force. It probably will be ex
tended to enetia, which has a large namtcr
of these establishments, many of which are ia
the hands of the Jesuits. The members ot that
order, like the wolves upoa the prairie scenting
the approaching conflagration, are leaving Ve
netia fcr Austria, bat it seems that the Aus
trians are not dispoicd to receive them.
In addition to these public schools, which are
graded like those in the United States, private
schools are being opened in tbe larxe cities, and
the education ot private individuals is passing
out of the hands of the priests 'ml auns. A
beginning has been made and the seed town has
already brought forth fruit. There ii a growing
desire on tha part cf the people to obtain know
ledge, and especially that their children shall
be taught. Newspapers sre multiplying. Go
into a cafe, and you will see an individual rest
ing the news to a half dczen ttho cannot read.
Upon the streets the ignorant ask those who
are learned to read tbe notices and handbills
pasted on the walls.
Here we get at the source of tbe lren nte
blood ef this rising empire. The people under
stand that knowledge is power. They have a
great V todo not only tbe building of a new
edifice but tv, clearing away of the rubbish of
fifteen centane. , VtftA dominica a work of
self-emancipation fro monkish and priestly
KZLIOIOX IX HAL,
The Reman Catholic religion is the wubliehed
religion of the State, but all others are foisted.
That is a wonderful change. I am informed by
several gentlemen that the tendency just now is
towards inSdelity. Tbe people have no faith in
the Roman religion, and having no acquaintance
with any other, believe ia nothing. The
attitude of the majority of the priesta hist sum
mer, which was hostile to the guvemmtct has
contributed in no smsll degree to the progress
of infidel opinions. They were closely wstched
by tbe government. Some priests were arrest
ed for holdinz communication with Austria
Some of the churches wtre taten tor hospitals.
In Genoa the priests were rescued from the
hands of a mob wbohadbecomeincensed sgaicst
them only by the strenuous effurts ol the police.
By a report mode by the Catholic coclesisstics
of Milan, it appears thst there were sixty thou
sand lets attecdants at the con'esvional io
1E6S than In 1661 I am informsd that the
number is far' less this year than it was laat
Previous to 1859 the distribution of the Bible
was prohibited by law. None can sell a Bible
openly in Rome to-day, bat everywhere else
ia Italy it may be sold or openly distributed,
the same as any other book, and it is beginning
to be sought fcr by the common peaple.
While tbe Romau religioo is djring oat. Prot
estant religion is coming in not rapidly bat
gradually. The English Church is here at
Turin, Milan. Venice, and in some other towns
not for Italians, but Englishmen. The high
church party of England of late have taken it
into their heads thst they are going to convert
the Pope, but the tendency of their effjrt is to
carry themselves to Rome, insteaJ of bringing
Rome to them. Of the vital forces now st work,
are the Waldenslsns, who have abcat sixty
teachers and preachers ; the Wesleyacs,
with about fifty teachers and preachers;
tk ln..n ml Foreign Christian Union,
with about forty. Besides these there is the j
Free Italian Lhurch, ana tne .vice eximraiiirc
composed of several gentlemen who are sustain
ing preachers The total camber of preachers
and teachers la the employ cf evangelical agen
cies is abont two hundred, atseng tweaty.tbreo
mtUleas ef people.
rat rarstsT movemzst.
Politically the tendency is towpI R-pabliear.
ism. There is no country exercisinj each in
influence upon Italy as the Uoiied Ststes.
American school books are ia the common
schools. Anthoa's and lUrkness clsssics in the
Normal Schools, American newspapers from
Rwtrn. all of the lending New York papers, the
.Itlantic Monthly, Aorta .Imtriran Reviet ,
-fray and .Vary Journal, the United Sin,,
pablio document, tbe documents of the State
uf Matsichusetts, with new Americm books, in
the reading rcoms of Florerce, and the name of
Abraham Lincoln 00 the engines uf the rallrcnd; f
The time is evidently not fer ofl when tho
people or Italy will be rendy to nccept rtligiuis
truths, and the Protf stsnt world must be pre
pared to occupy the premising ground.
The Kill of Itslv. while reenonii-ni- nnl.
wardly the forms and ceremonies of the Church,
is independent of ecclesiastical influence. I bits
the following anecdote from a gentleman resid
ing here in Florence, touching this point :
It has been the custom Irera time immemarinl
to have triumphal srehrs and canopies erected
in this city oa great festive occasions, and Ia-t
summer a deputation of tccleasiatics wailed
upon Victor Emanuel to obtain rwrmmion nd
aid in erecting the usual decorations on Corpus
CAruli day. I think it was. The kin? reeeife.1
the priests with his utatl frank courtesy. They
made known their errand.
" Why do you wish torcanonies and urehea !
"The march will be lone, and we ihsll he n.
pesed two hours or more to the burning sun,"
was the reply.
"Well." replied the Kin-, "th- miller nf
Italy, at Costoin, fought for twelve hsurs be
neath a hot summer san fur theer country, and
I think that if they could do so much, voa
ought to be able to endure two hours of sun
shine without the protection you a.k fjr."
ine priests retired without obtaininff their re-
aest. and for the rtt time, for I koow not
how many years, there were no triumnhml
arches on that occasion.
Will Italy become a consolidated kinrlsm
Is there fibre enough ia the bol politic to be
come a great natiou t These are tbe questions
of the preient hour. That s e is to be wholly
nueu there can be no doubt. I sh-.ll have
tomethiag to record in Rome btfjre Christmas.
who, looking at the post at what has been e-
comphshed ia seven years can doubt that there
is material for hone and muscle in her. notwith
standing the misrule and degradation of all ths
Think of Sardinia. cmhed in 1819 it ih
broken hearted IWleg Albert Uv ine dawn his
crown and leaving his people, to die ia a foreign
land; of the oath of bis son never to let tbe
sword rest in its scabbard till Italy was free; of
.'isgenta and bollenno; tbe rush ot events in
ISGU; tbe annexation cf Narles and Tuscany
the catting down of the papal dominions; the
establishment of schools, building of railroads.
weeping away 01 oij thing, Ihe inmsien 01
oung Wood, the liberation of Venetis ihe late
scenes ia that city think of all the Ute events
ia the history of this people, if you would com
prehend what bos been accomplished, and if yea
would firm a just estimate of tbe prospects of
Italy for tbe tuture. CaBLnoi.
Powers the Scruros. The Florence cor
respondent or the Boston Past, docs not
seem to think much of Powers' statue of
Everett, which is as yet in plaster. He
This figure cf Everett only seems to shew
more conspicuously than ever the author's en
tire ignorance ef the anatomy of tbe human
form and bis want of taste in drapery and na
turae. Iu the modelling of busts, ia seizing the
happiest and most characteristic expression ot
those who sit to him : ia lending grace of cat-
ice and sweetness to tbe face of woman, he has
surpassing abilities, snd few appro ich or equal
m. That is bis inborn talent, but neither
jetrs nor stady have doae anything ts make up
for those uebcieneie, also innate, which prevent
him from appreciating the ether and quite ss
noble qualities ef an artist which manifest tnem
selics in the humm figure, iis altitude and the
drapery that sdoru it. Mr. Powers has now
been thirty years in Florence ud is almost a
patriarch among the artists in that city His
studio is the most popultr ef alt and is tbe
especial resort of Americans. A I was looking
over the books in which all visitors sre re
quested ts enter their names, I couM not h-lp
no king how mtny of them were well known
and dislinguisbeL In fact, thew volumes tiKd
ia tbe course of years become quite valuable as
a collection of autographs, if tor no other pur
pese. The sculptor has always been a genuine
patriot, and when ia a few esses persons hare
bees uncivil enough to write C. S. A after their
names he has carefully erased them A number
of months ago the notorious George N. Saunders
called at tbe studio, and sometime afterwards
Fernando Wood. Mr. Powers told me that each
of them stopped before tue bast of John C Cl
boun, and said in almost the same words,
There's John C. Calhoun I'm one ef that
man's dieeiples." This coincidence is somewhat
remarkable, and taken in connection with our
late troubles, has a world of meaning. Oa this
occasion Saaoaers did not hesitate to acknowl
edge his connection with the St. Albans raid and
other niferious plots to plunder and burn eur
frontier, snd not only that, but beexpres-ed his
satisfaction and even pride thst he bad done his
best to help them on. When Mr. Powers said
to h-m, " Sir, I desire you to know that I utter
ly abhor ycur murderous plans snd detest the
efforts you have made to ruin oar country," he
replied with unabashed coolness and effrontery,
" Oh. yes. that's of coars-, I expected as much
as that." and walked away with the utmcst
Correspondence of the Free Press.
Wjuni.xaTox, D. a, Dec. 17, I860.
.Dear Free Prett:
I am pleasantly disappoint ia legatd
to the prophecy in my fast ss to the payment if
bounties, as a few cases baye been paid undir
the set of July 26.1866. Cob Gibson, the
paymaster Ia charge, informs me to dsy that
he is paying by States, ami that the applications
cf Vermont soldiers will not be acted upon for
M. E. Hall of Vergtnncs has just beea sp
oiutil to a situation ia the Senate chamber.
He bas many friends in your city, aad Senatt r
Edmunds in recommending the appointment has
shown his appreoiatioa of the services rendered
by a brave and worthy soldier. Mr. Elmuoo's
does something more for oar soldiers than to
recommend and make vain promises. Horace
F. White of Benamgtoa has beta appointed to
the position bctl by Mr. Hall ia the Paymaster
'I- Grossman, formerly Captain of Co. F.
ia the " old txod," has received aa appoint
ment io Ihe Treasu-, Tjepartmeat There is a
prospect cf dispensing ..ij, the 0f
lady clerks in the various Dnrtraeats here,
and there is quite a fluttrring among u,;, C;II(
of oar residents. Of coarse they object
leaving positions where they have but little to
do except te draw their pay.
Probably the happiest people in the country
sre the colored people of this District since tbe
passage ef ihe Suffrage bilL Tbey will only be
compelled to wait nnti! the bill is passed over
the veto of their " Moses." when they will be
gin to esjoy their rights.
The event of the week in fashionable eirchs
here was a fancy dress hall for children given
by the little daughter of Gen. Grant. It inau
gurate! the season of gaieties. We have also
had two nights cf Grand Opera at Metzerott's
Hall, where Grover's German Opera Troupe
called tsgether crowded bouses. It is very evi
dent that lavish eipealitare ia the matter cf
dress Is to be the rule this wiater.
Tbe first lecture in the coarse given by ths
Young Men's Christian Association was dsliv
errd by Hen. J. W. Patterson cf N. II. His
eabject was, " Revelations as a Means of Pro
gress." The lec'art was a success in every
"This, we must remember, is the fall
season," said Mr. Quilip. as ho gracefully "
bumped bis nose on too iw yesterday., to ths c
amusement cf iom ssuoy shop-girls.