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Burlington weekly free press. (Burlington, Vt.) 1866-1928, October 03, 1912, Image 8

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THE BURLINGTON FREE PRESS AND TIMES s THURSDAY, OCTOBER 3, 1912.
8
Tho WEEKLY FTIEE PRESS, 3 cents
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No other receipt Is sent unless requested.
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BURLINGTON, THURSDAY, OCT.
WANTED.
When you want anything, advcrtlso
In tho now special column of this
paper. Some bargains aro offered
there this weok which It will pay you
to read about. See page two. This
paper has moTO than 28,000 readers
every week an! one cent a word will
reach them all.
Economy Is to bo ono of tfio wntch-n-ordfl
at Montpeller this year, and this
will bo severely necossary, If all tin
progressive measures promised m tho
republican platform are forthcoming.
La Pollette Is still after Roosovolt
with a sharp stick, but tho nig Stick
evldontly recognizes no little brother.
The original progressive has never yat
been answered by hrs sclf-lnstnllJ
successor.
Tho fact that western farmers aro
getting $11 a hundred for their beef
cattle in tho Chicago market oug it t-
serve as an effective stimulus to east
ern farmers to devote more attention
to meat and poultry products. It Is
safe to say that the farmers who are
selling beef cattle are not protesting
about high prices.
The new class at tho University of
Vermont has reached 150, which means
that out of the 18S or so applicants a
number did not fulfill the requirements.
The entering classes at the university
are not only increasing In number but
also in standing, and that Is why the
Stato untversity Is rated so high among
the leading educational instrtutlons of
the United States, occupying a front
rank.
Hon. Horaco W. Bailoy In a com
munication printed elsewhere shows
to what extent distortion of facts has
takon place regarding tho Vermont
election for the sake of effoct In other
sections of the country. Tho plain
truth can cause no reasonable person
to object, but os a matter of fact the
truth though postponed Is suro to 'hurt
ihe falsifier all the worso when It does
prevail.
FIIIB rHEVENTION DAY.
In complying with the request of
the National Board of Flro Uniorwr't
ers regarding the Instituting of an
other Fire "Prevention Day Governor
John A. Mead has done the people of
the whole State a distinct service. In
his proclamation naming Wednesday,
October 9, as Frre Prevention Day, tho
Governor notes the steadily Increasing
fire losses In Vermont, and emphasizes
the need of strenuous efforts to put a
stop to this wanton waste. lie culls upon
people In general as well as school au
thorities and heads of other Institu
tions In particular to i, nte thin
ctal day to the renin, u -i-
traneous substance On: i ..-
"it a conflagration, itn I aim to (.-stab-iBh
fire drills and to adopt other ef
fective means of fighting ns well as
preventing fires. It goes without say
fa that Governor Mead's excellent
suggestions will lie complied with
venerally.
rHES, TAFT RAPIDLY RAINING.
In 'discussing the presidential situa
tion different authorities agree that
there has been a marked change in
conditions during the past few weeks.
This Ib not unusual. Indeed it is a
matter of record that our democratic
friends usually win their victories la
September and October and loso them
In November. Only twice during the
half century extending from 1860 10
1912 has this rule failed to work, Clove
land leading tho democracy In each in
stance, and tho exception will not be
the rule thi's year.
John Hays Hammond, president of
the National League of Republican
Clubs, says that the race is now be
twoen Wilson and Taft, contrary to
the outlook that prevailed a month
ago, and that the only question now Is
how poor a third Roosevelt will ha.
Tho unquestionably strong following
which tho third term party had at ons
time Is rapidly drifting away, accortl
Ing to his information from all parts
of tho country as a whole, and It will
be only a fow weeks beforo It will bo
come a small factor in the presidential
( contest.
I Oovernor Wilson Is tho man repub
l llcans now havo to fear, according to
tdr. Hammond, and wo bellevo the ex-
presslon of this opinion will begot con-
lhlcnco m tho other things ho has to
say about tho outlook.
United States Senator Henry Cabot
Lodge of Massachusetts, who holpo.l
to open tho republican campaign in
Ohio, has returned from his western
trip, confident of republican success.
Ho was Informed that President Taft
was raprdly gaining strength In Ohio,
and ho made it n point to llBtcn to
what men on tho trains In Jlfforont
States had to say about the prosUon
tlal contest.
Senntor Lodge was particularly
Improssed by what tho commercial
travelors had to say, and thoy talked
politics almost contlnunlly. Almost o
a man thoy agreed that Roosevelt was
losing In the West, and this agroos
with tho reports that came from his
meetings m dlfforent western States.
Senator Lodgo In spenklng of tho sit
uation said:
"Tho consensus of opinion wan that
the cause of tho falling off In Rooso-
volt sentrmcnt Is duo to his abuse of
othor candidates of both parties. Th?
men whom I hoard talking said t'.iat
tho people of tho West wore growing
tired of this sort of thing and woro
less enthusiastic over Colonel Roose
volt than thoy havo been In years.
'President Taft, on tho other hand,
appears to be gaining overywnere.
People are beginning to stop nnd con
sider his record, and they arc realizing
his valuo ns a president.
Tho mon I henrd on tho trnlns hi 1
been all ovor tho West In their regu
lar lino of business and ought to know
tho sentiment of the masses of Lie
people. Their views, coupled with tne
advi'ces I received In Ohio, aro hlghiv
encouraging, nnd I really feel that tho
President Is going to make a campaign
that will surprise oven his friends."
It Is to he noted m this connection
that according to the Washington
correspondent of the Boston Transcript
the story of tho recession of the Roose
velt tldo Is being told by representa
tives of every western State visiting
Washington. The news despatches al
ready havo shown that tho force nf
public opmlon in Kansas has forced
the Roosevelt electors oft tho republi
can ticket In that State, whero thay
had usurped the places that bclongel
to the reprcscntatrvos of Taft nd
Sherman. In the adjoining Stato nf
Missouri a striking Incident Is report
ed by tho former chairman of tho re
publican Stato committee. Kansas
City has been In the heart of tho Bull
Moose district, but it is said that it
a recent dinner of 180 persons In the
Commercial club, a canvass showed
108 to be for Taft. 62 for Woodrow
Wrlson and only 8 for Roosevelt. The
western primaries as a rule are show
lng that tho third term candidate is
destined to find a very great difference
between his candlJaoy for the repub
lican nomination nnd his candidacy fin-
prosldcnt.
Thoy aro counting heavily upon a
crystallization of public sentiment
within tho next few weeks which shall
demand that tho conJrtlons attending
prosperity shall not be changed. As
the time of election draws near, fioy
argue, popular realization of prosper
ous conditions will develop into a tense
nnxioty that prosperity continue. They
know that tho election of Woodrow
Wilson, as the executive of tho fan
tastic Baltimore platform, would alarm
business men everywhere! while tho
triumph of Roosevelt, whoso hungor
for power has grown Into a manra nnd
whose vlndlctlveness Is notorious
would Inject nn element of uncertainty
Into tho business world from w'irch It
has bocn free during the Taft admin
istration.
Tho President never has doubted
that the solid business sense of tho
country has been friendly to hrm; nor
by this Is meant such Interests as aro
represented by tho trusts. It Is the
purpose of Mr. Taft. If ho remains In
office, to bring about a legislative re
adjustment of the trust question wMch
will, on the ono hand, protect the peo
pie against tho possibilities of monop
oly and, on the other, enable big IiubI
ness to bo carried on without the de
moralization that would certainly ro
I stilt from unwisely drastic legislation.
DEMOCRATIC PItoanESSIVE FUSION f
An adage IB that all is fnlr in love and
war, and a now version of tho old say
Ing might Include politics as well. No
body can nnd fault with a party for
putting Its mul in a hole, If It Is dono
legitimately and has some good pur
pose In sight. Whether tho latest
proposition in Vermont would como
under this head Is n question.
It Is stated that one of the posslb'll
ties of the future In Vormont Is tho
uniting of the democrats and progres
sives in tho campaign for presidential
electors, each taking two In case of
success.
It has been asserted by both domo
crats and progressives that Taft 1
third In thn raco, and if they bellevo
It they will not make a confession to
tho contrary by acting ns though thoy
both believe Taft Is tho ono man both
havo to fear, for neither party con
cerned would gain anything by t'.ie
transaction, whereas republicans would
gain from both.
This pronunclamento to the voters o
tho whole country would have a wide
effect than did the result of the Sop
tembor election. A large majority o
tho voters everywhere nre conceded to
bo awaiting developments before lo
elding how thoy will cnBt tholr ballots
In November, and the friends of Prosl
dont Taft could not ask for any more
concluslvo evldenca of four of republi
can hucc'csh thnn a fusion of the Ver
mont democrats and progressives.
Mr. Roosovolt plainly realised this
whon he opposed Wallnco N. Uochcl
dcr's proposition that tho third party
ejidorso Howo, tho 'democratic candl-
dato for govornor, nnd stand merely for
resldontlal electors fnvorablo to Mr.
Roosovolt.
In vlow of alt that has transpired
It Is not to bo presumed that tho Ver
mont progressives would venture to
accept half a loaf In tho electoral cM
logo without tho n ivies and consent
of Mr. Roosevelt, nnd if ho favors this
proposition tho voters of the
whole country will be frco to drr
their own conclusions.
However, as wo Intimated at the
outset, nil Is fair m love and war and
politics, nnd If the democrats and pro
gressives think they have anything to
gain from a fusion of their forces, re
publicans can not reasonably find fault,
but will qulotly draw from a combina
tion which supports protection with
one hand while fighting protection with
tho othor.
BAD DISTORTION OF FACTS
Horner W. Ilnlley Plays William Allen
White Vermont Eelvctlon
Finn re.
To tho Editor of Tho Freo Press:
In tho Boston Journal of Sept. 21 Mr.
William Allen White purports to analyze
the political situation In Vermont.
The article begins on tho front pngo
with very large type In tlse words,
Third Party Only Hope of Progress."
The article opens as follows:
"BY WILLIAM ALLEN WHITE.
(Copyright If 12 by William Allen White.)
"The official returns from Vermont Indi
cate that In h rock ribbed republican
State tho Progressive pnrty nftcr a ten
days' cnmpnlgn polled within 6,P0 votes
of a majority, and outran In votes tho
Democratic party that had bocn orgnnlz
d nearly 1C0 years."
The vote at our September election was
approximately
'lctchor, republican 20,2T,9
lowe, democrat 20,330
Metzger, progicsslvo lK.SflO
Smith, prohibitionist 1.143
Suitor, socialist 1,181
C.,033
Any pupil In our public schools knows
that It takes more than half of a num
ber to mnke a majority of It, and In this
Instance that 32,517 Is the smallest pos
sible majority of Vermont's total vote
In the recent election.
Mr. White, however, says In large type
thnt the Progressive party polled within
K,00i votes of a majority, the truth Is they
lacked 16,717 of a majority.
.Mr. White says that the Progressive
party outran the votes of tho Democratic
party, the truth Is that the progressives
had 4,."0 less votes than the Democratic
party.
rho quotation from Mr. White's article
above given. Is his text for a column
article, ami the article Is precisely what
one would anticipate from such a text.
Mr. White erases the Republican party
from the national blackboard, and makes
the Democratic party the tall to a high
flying progressive kite.
I do not recollect thnt I have over seen
so much untruth pressed Into so narrow
quarters as Is found In the above quota
tion from Mr. White's article. Nor havo
I over seen a statement promulgated by
nny newspaper so well calculated to de
ceive, because nowhere In tho article does
he mention tho number of votes received
by any candidate or party In tho Vermont
election.
I was not a little surprised that my
home town gave Mr. Metzger. the Pro
gressive Party candidate, 116 votes. But
If my fellow townspeople havo depended
on tho Boston Journal and kindred
papers for political Information, and havo
relied on William Allen Whlto nnd kin
dred writers for political succor, and the
Information and succor was cut from the
same loaf as the slice above quoted, a
much larger vote for Mr. Metzger would
have been less surprising.
The 116 voters for Mr. Metzger In my
home town wero made up from demo
crats and republicans, with great em
phasis on the latter.
At any rate I know the men who com
pose this Progressive party of 116, they
are my townspeople nnd the most of
them former associates In the Republican
party and whether republicans or
Democrats, are as true and loynl citizens
as we uho are standing by tho old par
ties. The rule established for my good old
home town of Newbury applies with equal
force to 213 other Vermont towns.
Vermonters are not Inventors of gross
deception, or hucksters In political fabrics
whose warp, woof and filling are u tls
sue of finely designed lies. Vermont
newspapers are not dispensers of rotten
politics, nor are Vermont newspaper men
political grafters. If perchance thero
should bo an exception to this general
rule, It wohld be rare enough to attract
uncomfortable attention.
It Is observed that Mr. White's arti
cle was not written for the Journal read
ers tho morning following election, when
returns aro Incomplete and rumors nro
rife, but eighteen days after election
when the returns nre all In.
It Is little wonder that n newspaper,
with an old time record for honesty and
political probity, If It chooses to become
a. vehlclo of clean cut lies, should deceive
Its readers, and lead them astray.
Honesty, loyalty and truo patriotism
may not be nn estoppel against tho in
road of an arch deceiver.
So far as the Progressive party in Ver
mont Is concerned, tho principal benefi
ciary of this kind of campaigning Is Mr,
Metzger, Its candidate for governor, does
he stand for it, I do not believe so, If
not he should step on It,
In the National Progressive party the
chief beneficiary of this sort of political
deceit miiBt be Mr. Roosevelt, the self
nppolntcd candidate for Its presidency,
does he npprove of this kind of cam
palgnlng, If not he should stop It and tell
who pays the freight.
Fellow Vermonters, do you need slate
and pencil and the seclusion of your
closet to figure out a problem of this
sort, nnd to determine where you ought
to stand In a campaign of this kind?
HORACE W. BAILEY.
Newbury, Vt,, Sept. 28, 1912.
ENTERTAINS HOBBY OLUB.
Financiers and Lawyer Will Tell
About Old nooks and Curios.
(From the Now York Press.)
Theodore N, Vnll took a party of 13
Now York financiers nnd professional
men up to his country homo In Ver
mont on a three days' fishing rrlp. His
guests aro mombeers of tho Hobby club,
and between bites they will talk about
old books, curios nnd autographs which
they have collected from all ovor tho
world. To bo a member of the club ono
must have a collection nr.4 ,'o bo In
vited to go on u trip with Vail a mem
ber must talk about tho things ho has
picked up for his collection.
Tho IB left In two ptivato cars on the,
Blue Mountain Express, their fishing rods
tucked away where thoy could watch
them until they fell naloep.
To-night nftcr sitting down to a good
dinner in Vall's mountain home, tho
Hobby club will listen tto a talk by their
host on "Tho Intercommunication of In
telligences," In which ho will toll about
tho part played In civilization by tho
telephone, telegraph nnd other means of
rapid communication. After that catch
ing trout and explanlng their now finds
of old books, antique armor, curios and
such things will bo tho way they'll make
tlmo fly,
Justlco Victor J. Dowllng, president of
tho club, who collects old books, and
Vail und Alvln W. Krcch, president of
tho Equitable Trust company, sat to
gether nnd told about the additions to
their collections.
Others who aro on the trip are George
E. Plympton, whose fad Is old arith
metics; Darwin P. Klngsley, president
of tho New York LHo Insurnnco com
pany: Professor William P. Trent of
Columbia University, William E. Btxby
of St Louis, Henry H. Harper of Boston
and Dr. Bashford Dean, tho Zoologist,
who has a fine collection of old armor.
John C. Tomllnson, lawyer, whose son,
John C. Tomllnson, Jr., Is sccreotary of
tho Hobby club, went along, too. Hu
says he has the best collection of sun
dials. Two sundials of his wero made
by Thomas Jefferson. John Qulnn, law
yer; Albert Gallatin, Phoenix Ingraham
and William M. Schnllzer arc others In
tho pnrty.
Formed a year ago, tho club counts
among Its small membership tho own
ers of several of the world's finest col
lections. Although the club has no
homo. It Is probable that the subject of
a building will bo taken up on the trip.
OUIl PRESIDENTS AFTER RETIRE
MENT. (From fie Erlo Dally Dispatch.)
George Washington lived two years and
nine months after retirement from office,
tho time being spent quietly at Mount
Vernon.
John Adams lived 26 years nnd three
months, never reappearing In national
public life again.
Thomas Jefferson lived 17 years and
three months. He was the rector of the
University of Virginia until his death.
James Madison lived Vj years and three
rronths. Ho returned to his home In
Montpeller. Vt., nnd lived quietly. He
was associated for a while with Jeffer
son in work of the University of Virginia.
James Monroe lived six years and four
months. He served a term as Justice of
the pencj In Virginia, and also was as
sociated with Jefferson In tho work of
the university. The historian says Mon
roe was "distressed financially, the peo
ple of tho nation, to tho service of whom
he had given 60 years of his life, ullowlng
htm to suffer." He died at the home of
his daughter In New York.
John Qulncy Adams lived 19 years and
served as a member of Congress practl
cally all of that time, winning the tltlo
of "the old man eloquent."
Andrew Jackson lived eight years and
three months nt "The Hermitage," near
Nashville, Tenn. These were the quietest
years of his most Interesting career and
they enabled him to add greatly to his
list of friends and admlrerB.
Martin Van Buren lived 21 years and
four months. Ho served only one term,
being defeated In an effort to securo re
election. Afterword he spent two years
traveling In Europe, and on his return
devoted his remaining years to the enjoy
ment of reading and writing.
William Henry Harrison died one month
after Mb Inauguration.
John Tyler lived 17 years nfter his re
tirement. He served for a time as a
member of the Congress of the "Confed
erate Statos," and afterward passed his
tlmo away quietly In his homo In Rich
mond.
James K. Polk lived only three months
after his retirement. He started to visit
the South with his family and contracted
cholera.
fcachary Taylor died In ofllce 16 months
nftcr Inauguration.
Millard Fillmore lived 21 years In Buf
falo after his retirement, engaged with
his private affairs. lie was nominated
for the presidency by the American party,
but the movement never attained any
power.
Franklin Pierce lived 12 years and
seven months. He spent some time In
traveling In Europe.
James Buchanan llvel six years and
11 months In quiet retirement. His re
mains are In Woodward Hill cemetery,
Harrlsburg, Pa.
Abraham Lincoln died In ofllce.
Andrew Johnson lived six years and
four months after retirement and served
n pnrt of a term In the United States
Senate.
Ulysses S. Grant lived eight years and
four months. He made a tour of tho
world, tried his hand at business without
success, and then devoted himself to
writing his memoirs.
Rutherford H. Hayes lived 11 years und
11 months In quiet retirement In his
beautiful home at Fremont, O,
James A. Oarfleld died four months
after his Inauguration.
Chester A, Arthur lived one year and
eight mouths. He resumed his law prac
tice In New York.
Grover Cleveland lived 10 years nnd
seven nvinths. He was connected with
the work of Princeton University, and at
the time of his death was a director of
the Equitable Life Assurance society.
Benjamin Harrison lived eight years,
continuing In his profession as a lawyer.
William McKlnloy died In olllce.
Theodore Koosovelt, our only living ex
president, Is about the most robust citi
zen of the country. The only ngreoablo
relaxation he could Ilnd after retiring
from the presidency was to kill Hons,
and now he Is after the scalp of all his
political ene-nles, as well as a third term
In thn White House, His acts, attitudes,
methods nnd utterances aro too well
known to require repetition here. You
have been given the facts by which you
may compare his conduct with that of
other presidents nfter their retirement.
SHE WAS TIIEIIE.
(From tho Boston Globe.)
Liz and Mary wore proceeding to
school, and of course they couldn't re
sist the nttractlon of gazing Inti shop
windows on their way.
Suddenly tho former paused at tho
window of the local photographer and
glued her eyes on a certain picture. It
was the annual procession of school
children through tho village.
"Mary!" she shrieked excitedly.
"Come 'ere!"
"What's tho matter, Liz?" asked the
other,
"You see tho photo of Annie Smith
in the third row, thero?"
"An' you see the pair o" boots b'lnd
Annlo?"
"Yes."
"Well, that's me I" Milwaukee News,
T. H, Lynch, North Dccring, Me., says
that during the winter and spring of 1911
he was aflllcted with a cough and trlod
many remedied with no relief until ho
purchased a bottle of Foley's Honey and
Tar Compound. Ho says that relief catne
quickly aftor taklnr It and ho. baa had
no return of the couh sine. J. W. O'Sul
II van, 24 Church street.
BMunlon to Boston. pea ao1 oa pwrrM.
TAFT CALM AND CONFIDENT
He Radiates Optimism among
Hia Supporters.
Wilson Would Upset Conditions, anil
Roosevelt Would Tiring; Uncer
tainty Into the nnalaess
World.
The Washington correspondent of tho
Boston Transcript cays: President Taft's
unfailing optimism novor has been given
a better chance to shine than at pres
ent, when he returns to Washington for
u day In the midst of a presidential cam
palgn, with tho air full of political
rumors nnd all his friends looking to
him to tell them the latest news In poll
tics. As n result of his conferences
while in tho city two interesting facts
ran be stated. One Is that the Fresl
dent's optimism Is doing business at tho
old stand, with more vigor than over; tho
other thnt tho reports which have come
to him nre such as to encourage him to
bo cheerful.
Mr. Taft has been essentially a busi
ness president, notwithstanding that his
life training has been In the law, henco
It Is not surprising to find him regarding
business sentiment as the most trust
worthy of political barometers. Tho
President and nil his advisers arc con
fident that ono of tho strongest fnctors
fnvorablo to him In the present contest
Is the abundant nnd general prosperity
of the country.
SITUATION ANALOGOUS TO '96.
Tho political situation Is, In a sense,
nnnlogous to that of 1896, when Bryan
was the democratic candidate against
McKInlcy. Bad crops had united with
threatened freo trade to bring about
hard times, and the country was hungry
for a return of prosperity. It was gen
erally believed that the repeal of the
Wilson tnrlft act of 1891 and a roturn to
high protection would bring back good
times. The country elected McKlnley by
an overwhelming vote, nnd simultaneous
ly business began to Improve, and be
fore long prosperity was ngnln In full
swing. It has remained unbroken ever
since, snvo for the brief flurry known as
the "rich man's panic" In the last year
of the Roosevolt administration.
Tho era of prosperous conditions ap
pears to have reached Its climax at tho
present time. While prices are high, they
are an outgrowth of many causes, and
wages are higher than ever before. More
people are employed, and at better wages
than ever before In the history of tho
country. To continue Taft means to con
tinue prosperity. In the opinion of tho
thousands of correspondents who con
tribute to swell President Taft's mall;
hence, the basis of Mr. Taft's confidence
that the sober second thought of tho
country, maturing between t.ow nnd elec
tion day, will re-elect htm.
WILSON USING THE SOFT PEDAL.
The President and his advisers have
been quick to note the significance In tho
tone of tho recent speeches of Woodrow
Wilson. The democratic candidate, It ap
pears, Is putting tho soft pedal upon his
remarks dealing with business. A demo
crat and a radical from his youth, tho
Gbvcrnor of New Jersey Is attempting
the difficult feat of making conserva
tive speeches upon a radical platform; of
trying to cast out tho fears of business
men respecting his own views upon tho
tariff and the trusts, whllo appealing for
the radical vote In his own pnrty as a
free tiader and u trust buster. It Is
believed In administration circles that
Governor Wilson cannot rldo those two
horses at the same time without falling
between them; that the people will not
forget his truo character as a radical
while watching his Impersonation as a
conservative.
LOIHJE'B TRIUMPH IN OHIO.
Reports from Ohio mado to the Presi
dent show that the reception of Sena
tor Lodge's speech in Columbus last
Saturday has Justified the wisdom of
tho national committee In sending tho
distinguished Massachusetts senator Into
the President's own State. All the re
cent reports from Ohio havo Indicated
that tho President was dally growing
stronger there, and the address of Sena
tor Lodge covered n phaso of the cam
paign which fow other speakers could
havo treated so ably. Tho Lodge speech.
It Is reported, has proved extremely val
uable In sifting the wheat from the
chaff and showing the voters the funda
mental Importance of the renl Issues of
the campaign.
Senntor Lodge was among the first, If
not the first of tho American thinkers
to expose tho fallacy of the Roosevelt
reasoning on constitutional questions. It
will be recalled that Roosevelt recently
accused of unfamlllarlty with the history
of the world certain gentlemen who held
to tho doctrine that the crowning glory
of the American republic was to bo
found In the restraint which tho Ameri
can peoplo voluntarily put upon their
own power.
FORGOTTEN HISTORY FOR ROOSE
VELT. In his famous Princeton speech, Mr.
Lodge found one of his most striking
passages in a citation so sharply at
varlanco with the Roosevelt sneer as to
Illuminate In a Hash the diametrically
opposite positions of tho two men on a
question of profound Importance. This
Illustration also suggested that possibly
tho third term candidate knew less of
history than he would havo the country
think.
"On a memorable occasion," said Sen
ator Lodge, quoting tho great Lord Ac
ton, "the assembled Athenians declared
It monstrous that they should bo pre
vented from doing whatever they chose.
. . . They resolved that they would
be bound by no laws that wero not of
their own making. In this way the
emancipated people of Athens becomo a
tyrant; and their government, tho pio
neer of European freedom, slnnrts con
demned with a terrible unanimity by all
the wisest of the anclerts. They ruined
their city by attempting to conduct war
by debate in tho market place. .
The repentance of the Athenians cama
loo late to save the republic. But the
lesson of their experience endures for
all times, for It tenches that govern
ment of the whole people, being tho
government of the most numorous and
tho most powerful class, Is an evil of
tho same nature as unmixed monarchy,
and requires, for nearly tho iiuno rea
sons, Institutions that shall protect tt
against Itself, and shall uphold the per
manent reign of law against arbitrary
revolutions of opinion."
REPUBLICANS HOLD THEIR OR
GANIZATION. In ths eurly stages of the campaign,
following the republican national con
vention at Chicago, the regulars, still
dased by the unexpected sweep ot the
Rooeorctt forces, ware doubtful wh.ther
or Uum, pouM noiotaia its nyal
llcali organizations In the various States,
to nay nothing of carrying republican
Btnteo for Taft. The presidential cam
paign Is yet young, ns far ns heavy fir
ing Is concerned, but already it Is evi
dent that the republican organizations
inroughout tho country will remain In
tact. The national committee nnd tho
Slate committees now fcot assured of
this and they aro now approaching the
position which President Taft person
ally always has occupied, that the Taft
vote at the polls will bo very heavy
whon tho peoplo havo thought things
over and mado up their minds as to
which candidate wltl do best for tho
country. It Is understood hore that tho
national committee will continue, awhlla
longer to let Roosevelt and Wilson bang
away at each other nnd will not train
tho heavy republican batteries until tho
last few weeks ot tho campaign, Tho
"big orators" will then bo unloosed In all
the doubtful States and tho colonel's
record will bo subjected to such an
overhauling as It never had before.
DOMESTIC SCIENCE
Cooking and Serving; Condueted
Lillian Mason.
Select six large firm tomatoes of uni
form size. Wipe, cut oft a sllco from tho
stem end and leave the skin on. Scoop
out all the Julco nnd seeds and the pulp
from tho ccntor, leaving a thick portion
of It next tho skin. Drain anO scald tho
juice and pulp, strain out tho feeds nnd
savo tho liquor. Cook one-half tablespoon
minced onion In one level tablespoon hot
butter till yellow, ndd one-half cup cooked
lamb, veal or chicken minced fine, ono cup
soft bread crumbs, two tablespoons
cream, one level teaspoon salt, one-fourth
teaspoon pepper, and enough tomato pulp
to moisten, mix thoroughly to a smooth
paste. All tho tomato shells with the mix
ture nnd smooth It up In dome shapo on
the top. Have ready six rounds of bread
freo from crust, and cut about half an
Inch thick and half nn Inch larger than
the tomato. Scoop out a portion from tho
center and spread all over with softened
butter. Arrange them In a well-buttered
granlto baking pan, lay a tomato on each
bread cup, pressing It well Into the cav
ity, and bake until about 15 minutes, or
until brown, being careful not to Bcorch
the bread. Remove with a broad knife
to a dish for serving, garnish with pars
ley and serve as an entree. Mary J. Lin
coln. TOMATO PRESERVE.
Select the small yellow pear-shaped to
mato which can usually be found In city
markets late In tho soason. They must be
ripe, but not soft. Allow five pounds of
granulated sugar to six pounds of toma
toes, or half the recipe may be made. Put
the tomatoes Into the preserving kettle
with Just enough water to prevent burn
ing: cover closely and cook until tho skins
burst. Skim out the tomatoes and add
the sugar to the water, and, If It Is not
sufficient to melt the sugar, ndd a trifle
more. Cook 20 minutes skimming the syr
up cleAr. Remove the skins from the to
matoes without breaking the fruit, then
drop Into the syrup and let them boll
about one minute and no more. Seal
while hot.
TOMATO JAM.
Wipe six pounds of tomatoes thorough
ly, pour some boiling water over them.
Let them stand for a few minutes till
the skins can be easily removed. Then
skin, cut them across and take out as
many of the seeds as possible without
breaking up the fruit very much. Put
the seeds, skins and liquid that may have
run out Into an enameled pan, with three
cups of water; boll gently for 40 minutes,
strain through a piece of fine muslin; now
put this liquid In tho preserving pan; add
six pounds of sugar and brlns to the boll;
then nllow to boll for five minutes; then
ndd the fruit and boll for three-quarters
of an hour, or till It Jellies, which varies
s little with different kinds of tomatoes.
M ENU BREAKFAST.
Cereal with Cream.
Bacon nnd Eggs.
Wheat Grlddlecakes.
Coffee,
DINNER.
Corned Beef. French Mustard.
Boiled Potatoes.
Buttered Beets.
Cabbage.
Apple Pie.
Cottage Cheese. Coffee.
SUPPER.
Scalloped Oysters.
Gherkins.
Whole Wheat Bread.
Nut Wafers. Tea.
Menus aro simply suggestive mi should
always be adapted to circumstances and
Income. Saving of food and economics
should always be considered very largely.
TOMATO PRESERVES.
To one quart of tomatoes, boiled and
strained, add ono pound of sugar, the
Juice ot two oranges and ono lemon.
Bring It to a boll. Meanwhile boll until
tender tho orango and lemon skins, then
scrape off the white part and with scis
sors or u sharp knife cut tho rind Into
small strips. Add these to the preserves
and let all simmer about ono and a half
hours, stirring often to prevent scorching.
Red or yellow tomatoes may be used with
equally good results.
STUFFED TOMATO SALAD.
Six ripe tomatoes, salt and pepper, two
cucumbers, lettuce, one-hnlf pint cream
dressing; scald the tomatoes so that the
skin can easily be removed, cut a sllc
from the top of each, and with a small
spoon remove the seeds. Peel tho cucum
bers and cut them Into dice, season high;
ly nnd mix with at least half the dress
ing. Fill tho tomntoe cups with this
and put another spoon of the dressing
on top, sprinkle a very little finely chop
ped parsley over and serve or a bed of
lettuco leaves.
TOMATO SOY, SOUTHERN STYLE.
Peel and slice one bushel of tomatoes;
sprinkle tho bottom of a tub with salt,
put In a layer of tomatoes, cover with
fait, add more tomatoes and salt until
all are In tho tub. Cover the top with a
thick layer of sliced onions; let stand
three days; turn Into a large kettle, set
ovor fire and let boll very slowly for eight
hours; stir occasionally to prevent stick
ing. Take from fire and stand aside over
night. In the morning strain and press
through a wire sieve; odd four pods of
red pepper, chopped fine, nn ounce of
ground cloves, two ounces each of all
spice nnd black pepper, Return to the
kettle, set over a slow Are nnd let boll
until very thick and smooth. Whon cool
put In small Jars nnd Ben). Be careful
not to use too much salt. Most people
will prefer more of spices. This southern
recipe may have been modilled from tho
original. Paprlca is preferable to black
pepper. More green or red pepper, finely
chopped, will be an Improvement, omit
ting all ground pepper. Try a small batch
Mi tita sietac n plQtatait
dau&iaku vm m m
w a J iMKwwuuMViu I lilt A, tV
Good Profit.
filves the Cltr Man Fresh Eiu a
Fresh Fonls For Ills Table Damp
ness, Darkness, Urnughts and Dirt
Chief Things to be Avoided.
17.l.l.ltLluu a I
flock of 20 fowls Is not a drflcult ma
aMnmhl , t. I .. t 1. 1 I . . .
.....t,- toaMl liu, llllllh , llj Bill
In 1 tl ft ir r. ,1 .... , , . ,
is to go ahead and keep them,
ine upnuiming and malntalnlnr nf
backyard plant involves a comparuivol
small outlay of cash and labor, am an
ono possessing average strength Hid
willingness to faithfully perform tho lm
pic dally duties may reasonably ex(c
to Buccecd.
-nany people arc uetcrrod from a
tempting to keep a few hens because
, v. I ..... I , , .
nlmna, ln.t ....... 1. 1 - L. I . . .
pnnnnt V. .. .. I . . . a - .
rinfrill r .. .. .
(I .nnn.nl.U r . , . .
houses free from openings which mu
be adlusted finite. Aln noir. n-.it-.-.
Int. .In,.l.. , ,
pacity which require filling but once
twice a week. Fowls managed under sue
en with tho flock actually performe
ituiiu- .liu ; v ,1-:. i iirn urn in uiippdd
1, .-!,. Via ..-...-.(... ni . .
u. uyvinuuii VVI'Utl V JlJUfl UIUU.H Ot CO
nr.n-n tin.. . .1 t--.- - -
ner.
Arf.il, ,..! .. v. i
led under an extremely wide range c
conditions. The character of the soil
- n-M-. I . . . .. . .. 1 1 -1 I . 1 ,
- -' , ...... ......in tnivnn Itlt.t 1, ni:
v.. i.,,.. nw,, mu, , lll'L ,Vi..UU4i WClt Ilt
...V. u t .. .1 I .. ,.. , i ,
fit for the birds to range on, laying hen
will do fairly well when confined 1
buildings with earth covered board floor
teur near New York city succcssfull
tract of land which Is overflowed b
every nign tide, ills poultry house 1
elevated several feet on posts and I
nr.-.-, a r n , 1. 1 .1 ( . .
TChlph tliA hlrfla mllM whnn , V. n ,1
comes In. Such conditions are abou
ns unfavorable as one could Imagine, bu
this Instance serves to demonstrate th
...I . .. V.I H, .. ., .... - jt i I - I .
the fact that one need not hesitate t
jiuvu tt Biimu iiui-n, i't'.i nen cunu uon
seom unfavorable.
Before any birds are secured It Is ne
cessary to provide suitable quarters fo
any building material, as long as It meet
a few definite requirements. It must b
ui v. iveii VKiiLiiitiru. in irnm uran-nT
Doaying tnese lew essential points wu
prove satisfactory to the fowls.
1 , 1 J 1 1 . v 1 , , .
Ma H.dlrflnc n.UK -dA-. -. I
venlence. An inconvenient structure ofte
trouble soon follows.
fimm nnfl nhnlllrl hn.ir thn nhnvn In vnlnrt
T win- .,AM r-...-. .In.-.-.... -.-...1
tit IIUIUD tUtlDUULLIUH, I. 111.11 U.1 o rt-HII
rnm- nnmntiHfl nnplrnAaH nranrhta H I r
n i i in . i r L. . . t . uuaaiifin uclcbbiiv . I
accordingly.
v T vi iuu i u.ikti yui vimac a t-uiiiLiAOi,
4m tin 10 tn t .j-ti 111 a a UArtnnn I Wnl-.. - a
utii io( tituvu itno u icoitunai Liuunt.U-eQ
a rA iortlr.n a m a f Ka im.ixiVi i asri n a mr I
mA TVl A -lllb n it. -.4 AW...
Utillillivu r Vil V.VIUVI17VC CUUiyUiVIll! HI
nabuit ui t uiniM lutod Liitsv cum
less than similar structures built at home,
employed to do the work.
may prefer to build such houses as he
requires. He may purchase the necessary
material from the lumber yard, or utlllzo
largo boxes, which may usually be pur-
. V. n tt . . I n . n . ! a . . I. V .1 . . . .
w,uctvt. a yiivo uiuuii ut;iow ino vaju?
of tho material they contain.
A VAGABOND AT THE GATES.
What Is thlj strife and worry all about,
This building up and tearing down of
things?
I know a wood whero birds flit In and out,
And the west wind sings.
What of thn snhii nnH hnta wnrria thnt f
hear,
nut.. ..I .1 J . i . i
i, n auuuiii uuu mini utirier ill ma
strcett
I know a calm hill where the stars seem
near
And the airs are sweet.
wnat or tno power tnat passes in a
breath.
This digging for the burled gates ot
Doom?
I know a valo where echoes laugh at
Death,
And the wild flowers bloom.
What of this learning, all this wondrous
lore,
This making kites for winds to break
the string?
1 know the Ilelds where men havo learn
ed before
How the heart can sing.
Yet If I had not lived this strife and
pain.
Nor shed hot tears, nor learned of hat
at last,
I could not love so well tho quiet plain
And the skies so vast.
Had I not learned how power Boon growi
old,
Nor gathered from the lore of every
land,
1 could not scorn the things of dross nnd
gold
For a grain of sand.
Glenn Ward Dresbach, In October Alns.
lee's.
Albert B. Stowart, roreman of an lei
house on tho Kennebec river, says: "
nnvo used i-oiey s iioney nna Tar com.
pound porsonnlly for a number of years.
or,co for a severe cold I contracted whtlt
working on tho Ice. Two bottles com
pletely curod mo." J, W. O'SulUvan, H
Cburcu ptrsot,

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