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THE nURLTNGTON FREE PRESS AND TIMES; THURSDAY, OCTOBER 10, 1912.
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Publishers, Ilurllnuton, Vt.
BURLINGTON, THURSDAY. OCT. 10.
When you want anything, advortlso
to tho new special column of this
paper. Somo bargains nro offered
there this week which it will pay you
to read nbout. Seo page two. This
paper has more than 25,000 readers
every week on 3 one cent a word will
reach them all.
One of tho first step? taken by tho
Legislature at Montpeller ought to be
In the direction of relieving ItBolf from
tho duties of a supreme court In cases
of murder. Tho Legislature can know
nothing about tho ovlJoneo In the case
and It Is preposterous to ask 276 men
to spond time to go Into court matters
of thrs kind, as they must If they live
up to their oath of office.
GOVERNOR MEAD'S VALEDICTORY.
Governor Mead galnel much valu
able experience during his two years
In the oxecutlvo ofllcc and the result
is embodied In part In his retiring
message for the benefit of our law
makers In particular and the people
of the State In general. After speak
ing of the results accomplished as to
educational and agricultural lrfe anJ
the betterment of our roads, Governor
Mea.1 suggests that the two normal
schools be consolidated with the State
university and Middlebury College,
on the ground that it would assure
better work and mean n saving of $10,
Governor Mead makes Important
iuggestions as to methods of prevent
ing the propagation of degenerates
nd the vicious, nn3 shows to what
txtent tho pnrole system has flour
Ished since ho nssumed the executive
office. Ho urges the desirability of unl
form State legislation; tho consorva
tlon and storage of white coal; direct
primaries and the limitation nnd pub
licity of campagn expenses; the adop
tion of labor legislation and exemp
ilon from tho trustee process.
In conclusion, he makes tho astound
ng showing that tho expenditures it
Ihe lieutenant-governor and General
Assembly Increased from $61,979.83 in
1900 to $134,328.98 In 190S and nbout
$145,000 In 1910. Ho says tnat this
Increase of legislative expenses of
nearly 160 por cent, is wholly uncalled
for and an extravagance "lout ex
cuse. Most people vlV with
THE CAMPAIGN I.V :
Tho Oreen Mountain t-itute Is to en
Joy the somewhat unusual experience
of having two national campaigns
within Its borders In one year. It had
one during the canvass in connection
with Iho State olectlon In September.
It Is to have a second durmg October
In preparation for tho election in No
It transpires that three State com
mittees, those of the republicans, demo
crats and progressives, will conduct
a vigorous canvnss from now on until
the date of the national election, and
mamtain nctlve headquarters with
branches In different parts of tho
The State democratic committee at
a meeting in Montpeller decided to
canvass the situation thoroughly In
connection with every town commit
tee In tho State, and a special offort
will be made to get out the vote.
The republicans have announce! tholr
Intention to open headquarters In
Montpeller ns o result of a conference
held m the rooms of Governor Fletcher,
nnd the campaign will bo under the
management of Chairman Frank :.
Williams of tho Stnto committee, and
Hon. John L. Lewi's, Vermont membor
of tho national committed. T.ie head
quarters are to bo In charge of Judge
E. M. Harvey and Fred E. Gleason.
National organizers are to assist In
The progressive campaign Is already
Iti progress In different parts of tho
State under direction of Mr. Metzger,
the defeated candldnto for governor,
who Is holding meetings In different
. AH sorts of claims nnd predictions
are already being; made, but In view
of the conspicuous slump In tho pro
gresstve vote for governor, to only 32,
or Metcfter, tho people of Vermont
will take all further claims from that
tource with numerous grains of salt.
It Is understood that Senator Dllllng
liam and Senator Pago will bo nmonr
jhose who will speak for President
Taft In Vermont, nnd various national
speakers will also participate. Octo
ber promises to bo a lively political
month In old Vermont.
GOVERNOR FLETCHER'S POLICIES.
Governor Flotcher's administration
Is still very young but rt hits proceeded
far enough to demonstrate that he hns
marked power of Initiative, and that
ho docs not proposo to bo forced nlontr
bcaton paths. Instead of dclug'ng
the Inwmnkors with words at the very
beginning of his torm ns well ns of
theirs, he hos given them somo very
succinct suggestions as to how thoy
can begin to excrclso economy Judi
ciously without weakening tho public
scrvloe and boneflts, and how they
can mako their own work tnoro ofll'-
As time progresses Govornor Fletch
er will mnko further recommendatrons
to the members of tho Legislature,
and the lawmakers will have tho bon
eflt of his long experience In connec
tion with vnn'ous pressing problems
as they come up for consideration dur
ing tho progress of the session.
At tho present time Governor
Fletcher believes that Vermont should
be enreful as to the work of tho
committee on appropriations. We
are not llko Now York with prnn
tlcally unlimited resources and vast
Interests nppeallng for consideration.
We have limited means, nnd wo must
try to sco that wo can pay as wo go.
Governor Fletcher characterized tno
work of tho commlttco on ways nnd
moans during tho previous session of
tho Legislature as chiefly a series of
attempts to discover ways of provid
ing the moans to meet the bills con
tracted by tho appropriations commit
tee, whereas the two subjects should
be considered together.
Wo should not appropriate money,
In the estimation of our new execu
tive, until we know where the money
is coming from; nnd that Is a sound
business principle that will appeal t"
every Intelligent person possess'm;
Governor Fletcher docs not hellovo
that In a small Stnto llko Vermont
with limited resources wo should du
plicate appropriations for oducatlonnl
work. In other words ho would lot
havo the Stnto support three medical
departments, In oducntlon, for exam
ple. Here again tho new governor's
Ideas will impress themselves as In
tensely practical and sound.
If tho new executive hns his way
the attorney-general's department will
not spend $20,000 for detective work.
and tho expenses of our courts will be
Without Increasing taxation, ha
would secure In these and other ways
most of the money needed for tho
promotion of the agricultural develop
ment of Vermont, for the Increasing
oi our sou b productivity, ror tne en
couragement of water power develop
ment and the various mnterlnl move
ments upon whrch ho believes the fu
ture progress and welfare of tho poo
pip of Vermont so largely depend.
Governor Fletcher will set tho law
makers an excellent example by cut
ting out most of tho frills of govern
ing nnd promote In every possible way
tho doing of tho Stnte work m tho
qurckest nnd most efTectlvo way pos
sible consistent with good service. In
these and other excellent aims outlined
he will have the hearty co-operation
of tho great body of legislators and
tho thorough sympathy of tho great
mass of the pooplo of Vermont.
HON. AIXEN M. FLETCHER, GOV
The election of Hon. Allen M.
Fletcher as governor by tho Legisla
ture In Joint assembly last week by
the handsome majority of 65 over all
rival candidates closes an episode In
which national politics obscured State
and local Issues to a marked degree.
The situation was without a parallel
In Vermont. In 1902 conditions some
what resembled those prevailing It
the State campaign of 1912, but tho
local republican bolt that yenr result
ed simply In tho failure of the people
to elect Gen. McCulIough governor, all
the other State officers havmg been
elected In September.
This year the placing In the field of
a third torm State tlckot resulted in
tho fnlluro of all the canJ'dates on
tho republican tlckot to secure an
election at tho polls. Tho people of
Vermont now fully understand the
animus behind tho attempt to show
Mr. Fletcher to have pulled down tho
ticket, when as a matter of fact tho
outcome was due to the injection of
national politics mto tho Stato cam
paign. Mr. Fletcher nnd Mr. Plum
ley as candidate for speaker received
support so nearly equal that it I?
manifest practically the full party
strength was polled for tho Governor
despite assertions that he would be
knifed In tho secret bnllot.
Tho result shows that Vermont re
publicans nro honorable men as well
as thoroughly loynl to tholr party
and are not given to promising to d;
one thing publlcally while determine 1
or determining to do some other thing,
and not let the people know nbout it
until afterward, as Mr. Roosevelt says
he thought ho wan helping tho repub
lican candldnto for the governorship
of Maine to do. Under tho circum
stances there Is every reason for con
gratulation upon tho happy outcome
of tho govornor election In Vormont.
Few governors nvor entered tho ex
ecutive chamber at Montpollor with
less campaign plodt-os to redeem thnn
has Mr. Fletcher, In point of fact
ho Is under hnndlcnpplng obligation
to no man, and as a result he Is left
THE ONLY QUESTION, IAN TAFT IEAT WILSON?
Tho next president of the United States will be William
Howard Taft or Woodrow Wilson. Evidences from all parts
of tho country go to show that Roosevelt has lost groun.l in tho
mnjority of the States that were for him in the preliminary con
test, but especially that ho has failed to break into the Solid
South. This Rives us a fairly intelligent foundation on which to
base an estimate with reference to the voto in November next,
as the situation stands at tho beginning of October with tho
election a month away..
Under the circumstances, particularly the Southern ante
cedents nnd affiliations of Woodrow Wilson, it is safe to say that
he will carry every Southern State that was for Bryan in 1908.
The Southern States that went democratic four years ago an.i
their electoral voto under tho new apportionment for 1912 are
Alabama, 12; Arkansas, 9; Florida, 6; Georgia, 14; Ken
tucky, 13; Louisiana, 10; Maryland, 6; Mississippi, 10; North
Carolina, 12; South Carolina, 9; Tennessee, 12; Texas, 20; Vir
These States which may be counted sure for Wilson would
give him 145 electoral votes, and in addition he would probably
carry West Virginia with its eight votes, which would give him
from the South a total of 153. Inasmuch as he must have 266
of the 513 votes in tho electoral college to secure an election he
would have to gain but 113 electoral votes from the Western and
Northern States to win in November.
In 1908 Bryan carried Colorado, Nebraska, Nevada an!
Oklnhomn, which this year will have 27 electoral votes. The
democrats would probably figure on carrying Nebraska through
the influence of Bryan with its eight votes nnd Nevada's three
ns well as the three of New Mexico which was not a State in the
Inst election, but which hns shown strong democratic symptoms.
These fourteen votes added to the 153 Wilson is given in this
estimate would mean a totnl of 167 votes in tho, States which
were for Bryan in 1008, or nre nppnrcntly democratic now, leav
ing but ninety-nine to be gained in the old Northern States.
Wilson will probnbly get his own Stnto of New Jersey with
out question with its fourteen democrntic votes nnd inasmuch
as Connecticut hns n democrntic governor nnd the republicans
arc bally divided in the Nutmeg Stnte, its seven votes may be
snfely added under present conditions to the Wilson column .
Missouri in 1908 gnve Tnft n plurality of only 629, and if
the republicans divi le in November in that State it is not difficult
to tell where this mnrgin of less than n thousnnl will go. Mr.
Tnft's plurality in Tndinnn four years ago was only 10,713, in
Delaware only 2,943. The republicans carried Montana in 1908
by only 3.007. and Wyoming by n plurality of only 5,928.
If the democratic, vote in these States increnses even so lit
tle ns in Vermont, while the republican vote is divided between
Tn ft and Roosevelt, it will be a fairly safe bet that, the electoral
votes of New Jersey 14, Connecticut 7, Delaware 3, Missouri
18, Indiana 15. Montana 4 and Wyoming 3, or an nggregnte of
64, will be ndded to the those of the former democratic States,
nnd reduce the number wanting for Wilson from 99 to 35.
Xow from whnt States can the democrats secure this neces
snrv third of n hundred? New York has 45 electoral votes,
Massachusetts 18, Maine 6, Ohio 24, Oregon 5, Washington 7,
Illinois 29. .
If the democrats could only carry New York with its 4u
votes, they would have n number to spnre, if the republicans
persisted in dividing in November.
It must be evident from this cursory view of the situation
that the man the republicans have to fear is Wilson and not
The mnn who can carry New York is the man who can bent
Wilson, nn 1 anybody who knows the least thing about politics
knows that Roosevelt hns not the slightest chnnce of enrrying
his own Stnte. Tnft carried it in the presidential primaries and
it will be carried by either Taft or Wilson next November.
The only hope of those who want to see American industries
protected is Taft, and the farmers of Vermont will confront this
situation in November when they go to the polls.
It is conceded everywhere outside of third termer's charm
ed circle that Taft is making mighty strides, and the only ques
tion is whether he enn win enough republicans back from the
third party to bent Wilson.
Thnt is the whole situation in a nutshell.
It is to be Taft and continued prosperity, or it is to be Wil
son and loubt. with the certainty that this doubt will be still
further increased by democratic smashing of the tnriff.
Wilson is nn ncknowledged free trader standing on a na
tional pint form which declares a protective tariff to be uncon
stitutional. Are there republicans in Vermont who can be made to be
lieve that democratic success does not mean an attack upon the
protection of Vermont products in favor of the markets of the
Why even Straus, the progressive candidate for governor
of New York, was a Cleveland freer trade democrat, and the more
people study the whole situation, the more certain must they be
come that the only real friends of protection for American labor
against the cheap labor of the old world is to be found in tho Re
publican party, and the republican candidate for the presidency
and the leader of the forces of protection is WSlliam Howard
A change of 5,000 votes ns compared with the September
vote in Vermont would give the democrats the plurality neces
sary to elect presidential electors, and assure Wilson Vermont's
four electoral' votes.
It is plainly a time for the rcpublicnns of Vermont to
entirely free to do what ho belleve.i
to bo for tho best Interests of the peo
ple of Vermont.
Now thnt we know Mr. Fletcher Is
to be governor for the noxt two yaars,
wo can repeat whnt wo have already
said about his determination to give
the people of Vermont the best thnt Is
In htm. without engendering any sus
picion that it Is Bald for effect upon
From a somewhat Intimate relation
with Governor Fletcher wo nre nbl
to sny that he has privately repeated
many times his desire to Bee Vermont
flourish nnd dovelop during his admin
istration ns never before, and rf tho
legislators of all parties carry out
tho pledges mado m their State plat
forms, he will have the united sup
port of the Legislature In most of tho
great works he has under considera
tion for the uplift of Vermont.
Our people are In no mood to brook
further remissness on the pnrt of any
legislator In the matter of meeting
tho popular demand for remedial anJ
progressive legislation, and we aro
conndent Govornor Fletcher will havo
the hoarty and enthusiastic co-operation
of our lawmakers In seeking to
promote tho development of the ma
terial resources of our State as well
as the educational, social and indus
trial progress of our beloved common
wealth. "RAINS CATS AND DOGS."
The male blossoms of the willow tree
which worn used on Palm Sunday to rep
resent tho branch of the palm were
called "cats and doge" In many parts of
England. Thoy Increase In sice rapidly
after a fsw warm April showers, and the
belief prevailed that rain brought thfm,
llencu the saying, "Ralna cat and dogs."
Detroit- Frto Prtst.
SHORTAGE OP CATTLE.
Changed Itatloa between Livestock
and Population Leave Effect an Prices.
The Saturday Evening Post says: It Is
being appreciated more and more that
low-prlccd cattle cannot be raised on high
priced land and feed. To-day land Is
steadily rising In price and the outlook
for cheap feed Is none too good; therefore
prices of cattle must continue high. More
over, consumption of meat has Increased
faster than supply. Census figures from
W60 to 1910 show romarkablo changes In
number of cattle per 1.000 peoplo. In 1850
tne number was 766.6; In I860 It has risen
to 814.8; In 1890 it was 915.8; aftor that
oame a decline until 1910. The number
then stood at 065.7. From 1900 to 1910 the
cattle supply Increased 16.8 per cent, or
1,736,000, while population Increased 21.3
per cent., or 18,978,000. There was a de
crease of 4,876,000 In hog supplies for the
lame period. A tabulation showing detail
cf changes In the 60-year period Is ap
pended: Population Cattle no. Hogs, no.
1910 91,972,266 61,228,791 58,000,682
1900 75,994,675 53.1S9.237 62,876,108
1W C2.947.7U 57,648,792 67,426,859
1680 60,15C,7S3 09,675,533 49.772.ff70
1870 38,658,371 23,820,608 25,134,669
I860 31,443,821 25,620,019 33,612,867
H&0 23,191,876 17,778,907 14,354,213
The manager of ono of the Chicago
packing houses, lately In Montana Inves
tigating livestock conditions, declares
himself much Impressed by the compara
tlve shortage of cnttto grating In those
regions In preparation for the fall-markets.
It Is commonly believed that the
supply of cattle will be Bhorter this com
ing fall than at any time In late years.
Whether United States Is steadily to run
behind In agriculture and In the provision
of food animals for Its ever-Increasing
population Is a problem of lara'e dimen
sions and Import. And whether It would
hot be bstter to maintain a more even re
lationship between growth of agrteultura
and manufacture Is a question worthy of
study by statesmen and aoonomUts. Pros
perity should be balanced and harmonious
it ta to prove rrtat.
A scrimmage hot, a heavy fall,
A bruising charge, a battered wall.
In Ufa and football fortune mocks
You can't gain ground without hard
Cleveland Plain Dealer,
AT THE PniVATE MUSICALE.
Blnger Our family doctor gave me
something to use for my throat Just
beforo I sing. It's powerful, I'm sure,
because he told me to' beware of an over
dose. He (aside to Miss Caustlque) What
cautious old fools some of these family
"So you want to Interest yourself In
"Well," replied the energotlc woman,
"I kind o' thought maybe that If I
could 'tend to the polltlos for the family,
John would find tlmo to stay homo nnd
put tip shelves In the pantry." Washing
A HOT ONE.
Belle How silly men are when they
propose! Why, my husband acted like a
Nell That's what everybody thought
when your engagement was announced.
PAT AS YOU GO.
Tho JudgeBo you admit you wore go
ing at the rate of 25 miles an hour.
Tho Chauffeur Yes, Your honor.
The Judge Well, a man should pay as
he goes. I'll fine you 125. Yonkers States
man. A FAN'S HISTORY.
"Pa, what did Damon nnd Pythias do
that made them so famous?"
"I don't remember now, but I think
they were ft winning battery that somo
manager found In one of the bush
leagues." Chicago Record-Herald.
"Did yer get a square meal at do last
"Naw; long one."
"Yes; de lady treated me to macaroni."
THE STORY TELLER.
HAD FOUR OF A KIND.
John Isaac Russell, chief Justice of the
court of special sessions of New York
city, undertook n private and unannounced
tour of Inspection among the various
corrective and charitable Institutions of
his Jurisdiction. Late In the afternoon he
entered the outer office of one of the In
"I should like to make a trip through
this place," he Bald to an under keeper,
who chanced to be tn sole charge of the
"Visitors' days arc Wednesdays and
Saturdays," said the keeper shortly, "and
besides, It's after hours."
"But I Insist on being shown through,
said his honor,
"Well, you've got a nervo," growled the
keeper. "Who are you to be glvln' me
"I am Chief Justice Russell of the court
of special sessions," was the answer.
"That'll be about all," said the keeper
wearily. "We've got three of you In here
now. Why don't you call yourself George
Washington there's only one of him?"
Saturday Evening Post.
SHUTTING OFF THE ORATORY.
The moet nervous person at the ban
quet was a young Journalist who had
been Invited to make a speech. He did
not enjoy the food. From soup to nuts
he continually brushed his brow with the
back of his hand In a dazed manner and
put his handkerchief Into every pocket
In his clothes, ono after the other. In
systematic and painful rapidity. He was
seated next to Joseph O. Cannon, who
knows all there Is to know about going
to banquets and being bored by the
speeches that come afterward. The
young man, full of Idea and language.
Jumped to his fcot as If he had been
shot out of a gun when his turn came.
He looked like somebody who had been
hypnotized nnd thrown Into a cataleptic
"Gentlemen," he begun, "It Is my hum
ble opinion that the generality of man
kind In general La disposed to take ad
vantage of the generality of "
"Sit down, son," cut In Uncle Joe. "You
have gone Into the same hole you started
And that ended the speech. Popular
raZV rSxV ) these flno new , 9E
SsPk I IHSX Xvi bristling with ' PjK
fircHk LBfB ( freshness. Eaoh new I SQ
SHJ bW V2V consignment seems to BK
wSBm BH lT something new of ' WM
ifejCM I9S 1 the latest whims of
SflHH H Nsw York's best dress- BE
HI I aKn 11 There are actually
Jij I tWj II mor" new th,nff ad 'BR
fflHflBf I 11 more good features be- iKfl
SKMHsf I I la 11 mK put lnto tn hew MB)
SflpaRH I 1 Barf 1 anc1 w,n,er styles
I I HEm II nnn we've seen In 'flu
aKSnHflLa h Bfltn 11 "any a moon.
jtBi I 11 a valuo 9K
MRflBf SsBr ill H
VERMONT AS IT IS.
A Siieclnt Summary of the State',
Characteristics, History and Prog-
Tho following excellent short article on
Vermont Is taken from the Americana,
published at New York by tho Scientific
American. It gives a brief summary of
the early history of the State, nnd shows
how exceedingly careful those Interested
were at tho time, In keeping the control
of the governing power In the hands of
As the author expresses It: "The form
of government was very democratlo In
The result was a State that has over
since been the pride of Its citizens, and
highly respected by all.
Vermont, Green Mountain State (Old
Style French Vlrdmont. "a green moun
tain"), from Abbe de Vermont of France;
one of the New England States; Is bound
ed on tho north by tho province of Que
bec, Canada; on tho south by Massa
chusetts, on tho east by Now Hamp
shire, and on the west by New York.
It has on area of 9,565 square miles, of
which 30 square miles Is water; situated
between lot. 42 minutes 44 seconds nnd
45 minutes 0 seconds 43 degrees N, and
botween Ion, 71 minutes 33seconds 25 de
grees W. (3 minutes 35 seconds and 5
minutes 29 degrees E. from Washington);
the Stato Is 57.5 miles In length, width
on northern border 890 miles, on southern
border 41 miles, with Irregular lines for
Its eastern nnd western boundaries,
average width 67.5 miles. The apparent
discrepancy In tho mean width Is caused
by the "Great Uend" In tho Connecticut
River. The geographical center Is In tho
western part of the town of Northflcld,
about 10 miles southwesterly from the
capita., Montpeller , In Washington
AGRICULTURE AND COMMERCE.
Vermont Is a Stato of diversified In
dustries; agriculture and manufactures
based upon natural resources being par
amount. Ira Allen, In 1793, wrote: "You
ask me If the Vermonters aro good ag
riculturists? I answer, they have not
made many geological experiments, nor
have they occasion, as the soil, with a
little vultlvatlon, furnishes them with all
the necessaries of llfo In abundance,
such as wheat, oats, rye, barlty, ets.
They have no necessity to Introduce fore
ign grasses, where every hill and valley
affords herbage spontaneously, and ev
ery plain permitted to remain a few
months untouched becomtw a meadow."
While the development of the State's
natural resources, and subsequent bi
crease of manufactures, has enlarged Its
commercial Importance, Vermont has
been and still remains an agricultural
commonwealth. The relatllve Impor
tancc of Us products change with the
generations. During the years 1650 to
1880 the breeding of Merino sheep was
tn Item of great volume, and Is still, but
of lessening value. Morgan horses are
known everywher oji a Vermont product.
The wool clip In 1840 was n ported at
3.699,235 pounds; In 1900, 1,333,255 pounds.
Value of the dairy In 1S40, 2.0T8.737; In
1900, tG3.251.427. Oats and potntoes com
pared by the two periods were relatively
equal; wheat and several other cdops
had almost disappeared. Corn had dou
bled In amount and value. In 1900 the
value of all farm products was $33,670,892.
In 1903 the appraisal of 5,207,809 acres
personal property, 141,966,365.
There are four mountain ranges In the
Satto, the Green Mountains, which ex
tend tn a north and south direction, lying
a little to the west of Its geographical
center; the Taconlc, nearly parallel, sit
uated In the southwestern part, extend
ing from the Massachusetts line north
to Addison County: the Red Sandrocks,
lying along the east shore of Lake
Champlaln, forming foot-hills to the
Green Mountains; the Granitic elevations
that are not properly a range, but ex
tend southward from Canada for about
two-thirds of tho "East Side." Up to 1850
Iron mines were a source of profit along
the Taconlcs, gradually receding In Im
portance, and the Industry was aban
doned nbout 1880. On the western slope
of these mountains lies a belt of slate
rock from five to ten miles fide, and
extending 30 miles south of West Castle
ton, situated In two States. The slato
product of Vermont Is second only to
that of Pennsylvania; Income in 1901,
$1,162,191, quarries first extensively
worked In 1RS3. In' the counties of Ben
nington, Rutland and Addison, marbles
of pre-eminent quality and beauty of
colors abound, the Industry centering at
Proctor, In Rutland County. Vermont
supplies more marble than all other
States combined; value of the annual
product. In 1910, being over 13.000,000. The
zono of activities fcr granite lies In
Washington, Caledonia, Orange, w
sor nnd Windham counties; and,
though first quarried in 1J13, it won
tho past twenty years. All kn
colors exist (excepting red), and roc
ly, nt llethcl a puro whlto deposit
been discovered. At Windsor there I
quarry of groen syenite, "Windsor
granite." Tho Incomo reported for
was $l,ryxi,ooo, and must have nearly
bled In 1904. These dcnoslts of Iron, si
pings elsewhere, provo that Verm
possesses these natural resources'
stone, snanstane. talc, manganese, art
tos, mica, ocher, kaolin, and copper
Posits (the last named centering
resources of tho commonwealth.
Tho form of government, adopted
1777, succeeding that of town and
soclated committees of safelv. un v
democratic In character. Tho lcglslati
PAnoUtnil " ' I . I ....
rffintn Mnn thnn.lt!
were elected by the "freemen" of
State. Tho executive authority was ve
cd In a governor, lleutenant-govorn
.l,ftu n n..l.. nil 1.11,.. U - . t. .
UnntntN.n Vnr1.. n.,1 .
ments, prior to their final passage:
tho negative power did not adhere In t
"governor and council.'' With tho modi
when tho present General Assembly
tWH hftllC.u Cl,.,.. lt.... t ,1
sentatlve.s, superseded the origin
form. Tho town system of governme
find rftnlYiannlnMnn In fnn lrplel........ v.
been continued under the amended co
stltutlon. Tho Senate Is tho poptil
and consists of 30 members: tho hou
ftnmnri.lnr. 9lfl r A.ni . n M . .1,1
and towns. In I860 county officers we
lslature changed to biennial terms. Tl
14 counties In Vermont were lncorpora
11 . a, , - . . r . . .
and Windsor, 2J Feb. 1781; Addison,
r to i?c-. rMM..j.. oo i.c-. -,,
donlo, Essex, Franklin and Orleans,
Nov. 1792; Grand Isle, ft Nov. lS'C, Jeffe
Inn. 8 Nnv 1S14! T.amnllls !R Dot 1S5
Stnto and County officers, members
the General Assembly, Juslces of th
shall be elected, biennially, on the firs
Tuesday of September.
nUir !... 1 ..t t. ...
tlccs are elected, biennially, bv tbn T.et
lslature. These judges constitute the su
preme court, three general terms o
which are held, annually, at the capital
have each for a nresMInir indep. nno n
with Vl.m nra twr fiealafnti litdctna nlnnt
ed by the people of their respective coun
c - u j i u i i . ' a ui i is u cut i u us, iiiiu citmr'cu
lnclnn 1 1 firl lii-tt Inns ffrttn Vi n n on i-n 1 n a.
sentcd In pleadings; so much so, that
inn uuioi k la iiul uiiiiniiiriiru (-fiii.ii.fi
in the United States without a full se
of volnmes of the "Vermont Reports."
Governor, George H. Prouty, nursuan
to a Joint resolution, appointed a com
mission to propose amendments to tbt
Constitution of Vermont. At the session
of 1910 this Commission reported and rec-
flmmpnnl t h n n I n nt l.i n nf nouara!
amendments. Some of these are of vital
Importance. Proposal Two Is a recom
mendation that Article II. of the Amend-
a two-thirds vote to pass a bill over the
Governor's veto, whereas the present
Constitution provided that this can bo
done by a majority vote. As we look at
It this Is simply a move on the part of
some to increase the power of those In
office and take It away from tho people.
If this proposal Is adopted it will In
crease the power of the Governor and
make it more easy for htm to block leg
islation, and more difficult for the people
to secure the legislation they desire
We want the people of Vermont to get
a clear understanding of the question at
Issue. Do you want a greater centrali
zation of power? Do you want to give
over your rights to the Governor? Do
you want to live under a monarchical
form of government? We believe all true
Vermonters love freedom and. If they
clearly understand the situation, will be
Flow to relinquish their right to self
government by majority rule. If tho
people give up their rights, as Is the in
tent of Proposal Two, It will be long be
fore Town representation will be a thing
of the past and district representation
will take Its place. Should that condition
take place, the small towns will have
little. If any, Influence in legislation,
and In town have the Influence It has
SETTIJf O OUT AFPI.R OltCHAHIJS.
(From the Bennington Banner.)
It Is gratifying to learn from the bul
letin prepared by State Commissioner
of Agrloulturo O. L. Martin that a largo
number of apple orchards have been set
out in Vermont during the past yenr.
There are great possibilities for apple
growing in this State. Montpeller Jour
nal. Some poWlons of the State, heennso
natural conditions have been proved to
be favorable, hnve heretofore lend south
ern Vermont In the production of fruit,
but there are indications that Benning
ton county l destined, In tho future, to
take a good place In the list of apple
producing sections. Tho planting of tha
big orchard on tho Everett estate has
been a valuable extmple to tho farmers
In this locality nnd It Is going to be a
far better object lesson, as tho orchard
Increases In age. The orchard will al
ways be under the management of train
ed experts and the results attained should
be of vnlue to tho observing man wha
would follow Mr. Bvorett's example on
a smaller scale.
noon iMiit-Es i on mii.k.
(From the Wnterbury Record )
The fnrmers who nre shipping milk to
Boston aro to receive 38 cents per can of
8 1-2 quarts after October 1. This locality
would like to connect with these prices.
If tha railroad rates are excessive and
prohibit milk being shipped only In car
losd lots, then It Is time that some legls.
lation Is put Into effect on this point.
Now Is the time to do It. Vermont farm,
era need and are entitled to the best pos
Mrs. H. J. Snyder, 50 Baxter street,
Rutland, Vt., says: "I suffered with weak,
kidneys nnd had a severe pain across my
back and was so sore and stiff It wai
bard work to get up In the morning. I
was advised lo take Foley Kidney Pills,
and In Just a few dnys tlmo tho pnln left
my back nnd the soreness and stlffnesf
went away nlso nnd I have felt like my.
self again. I gladly recommend Foley
Kidney rills to nil who have kidney
trouble." J. W. O'Sulllvan, 24 Church,